Newspaper Page Text
The Court will go into mi)iiriiluc for
th late lUnorablo Mrs. llernlce Pauahl
Bishop from this date until the second
dnvof November, 1881.
EDWARD W. PURVIS,
11. M.'s VIei'-Chamlicrlaln.
Iolnnl Palate, Oct. 10th, 1881.
8 IB lw
'" . ' '
BISHOP & Co., BARKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Exchange on the
Bunk oi California. S. J?.
And their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. N. M. Rothschild &yon, London.
The Commercial Hank Co.. of Sydney,
The Commercial Bank Co., ot Sydney,
The Hank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Cluisteliurch, and Wellington.
The. Hank of British Columbia, Vic
toriu, R. C. and Portland. Or.
Transact n General Hanking Business.
TIIK DAILY BULLETIX
can be had from
J. M. O.it, Jr., As Co Merchant st.
T. G. Thrum Merchant si.
And from the Paper C.uricr,
Notice to Subscribers.
Mr. A- M. Mollis is authorized to ,
collect all back subscriptions for the
"Daily Bulletin," whose receipt for l
tho same will be sufficient.
JAS. G- CLEVIOR, Manager. !
Bulletin Office, Oct. 7, 1884-
Hedged to neithor Sect nor Partj.
Bat establiihel for the beaifit of all.
FRIDAY, OCT. 21, 1881.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Imp. Ordei of Red Men, tit 7 :'M.
Morning Star Lodge, K of l 7 :!100
Labor and Supply Co., 10.
Sale of 2000 Cocoanuts at Lyons
& Levey's, at 12 ; also, land on
THE LABOR QUESTION.
The question of the description
and quantity of the labor supply
wanted by the planters has suddenly
assumed an equivocal plniM. When
the subject was before the Legisla
ture nothing was clearer than that
the planters wanted tlrst and above
all to make a thorough test of the
Japanese project. As there was
then some doubt whether u tuilllcicnt
supply of Japanese could be obtain
ed, the door was left open to the
Government to devote the appropria
tion to further Portuguese impqrta
tions. Ouo of the nobles, who is asso
ciated With the largest planting firm
in the Kingdom, during the debate
expressed the opinion that the coun
try was paying too much for labor,
and that all the labor required could
be obtained without public espouse
by simply letting a sufficient number
of Chinese come in. This opinion
received little or no support in the
Legislature, the evident sentiment of
which was that the people at largo
were averse to having the country
over-run moro than it is with Chi
nese. Since the Legislature rose,
the intimation has been made that
the success of the Japanese scheme
depended upon funds, and that a
considerable number of a good clasH
of that nationality were to be brought
in at once. The Minister of Foreign
Affairs, in the absence of the Minis
ter of Interior, who is President of
the Hoard of-Immigration, yesterday
repeated this intimation to a deputa
tion of the Planters' Company, in
reply to their memorial, which asked
for definite information upon the
point'and also petitioned tho (Gov
ernment to iclax the restrictions
upoii Chinese immigration in the
event of an adequate supply of
Japanese not being forthcoming in
time to serve tiic ends of the
planters. In his reply Mr. Gibson
takes the businesslike course of ask
ing the planters to give an estimate
of just how many laborers tlioy will
require during the next twelve
months. This is right, for cheap
labor would ho dearly bought, so
far. as the whole country is con
cerned, by such an excessive supply
that the numbers bf Idlers, Vaga
bonds mid criminals that would havo
tti be regulated mid supported, would
bo increased. Men will live, espc
cinlly in n country like this, nnd if
they nrr not given a chnnee, or
made, to cum their living they will
get it by preying upon the substance
of othcrd. We want the planters to i
prosper, for theirs is the first pro- i
dueing industry in tho country, but
it is hardly worth while for tho rest
of the people to make such sacri
fices for their prosperity as will des
troy tho country as n desirable- habi
tation for lespoctablo and civilized
people. In the Planters' meeting
ycsleulay, one of the incmbci.s said
the trouble was not so much a lack
of laboreis in the country as the
high wages they weic Blanding for,
owing to the supply and demand
being so ncaily balanced so far as
numbers went. This expression
being seconded, some of the mem
bers took alaim at the diift the dis
cussion was taking, as lending to
stultify them by the appearance of a
confession that their urgent appeal
to the Government for more labor
was not justified. It was therefore
explained that the labor supply was
sulllciently bare to make the laborers
on the plantations lazy and entirely
too independent, having their em
ployers at a serious disadvantage in
every respect. To biing the loaf
ing and b.iucy vagabonds to their
senses, it was the apparent opinion
of the meeting that nothing would
be more effectual than a sudden and
large influx of laborers, and the only
sourcpof such relief in viow was China.
The promised shipment of Japanese
would be only a drop in the bucket,
and an adequate supply could not
be obtained within a short enough
period to be very useful. It is very
much to be regretted if the best
hope of the planting interest is
bound up with the admittance of
frcsli hordes of Chinese. The prob
ability is that the experiment now
advocated would have to be repeated
over and over .until there would
be nothing in the country but
planters and Chinese, and the num
bers of the former not Chinese
growing "small by degrees and
beautifully less." From the planta
tions there would undoubtedly be a
constant accession of Chinese to in
dependent employment outside,
monopolizing the industry and sub
jugating the trade of our freemen ;
adding nothing to the moral stamina
or the political soul of the coqntry ;
skimming in heavy percentages tho
interest of the country's natural
wealth ; overcrowding large quarters
of our town's and villages, and help
ing largely to fill our prisons and
! lazarettos. Could the planters not,
i rather than embark their interests
( upon such perilous chances, co-opcr-I
ate with the Government and pro-
cure the requisite quota of Japan
! cse labor more expeditiously than
can be done with the present re
sources of the treasury. Blamable
as the Government may be for
the paucity of funds which pre
vents it from carrying out the in
tention of the Legislature with re
gard to immigration, as speedily as
the planting guild requires, yet we
arc compelled to say Amen to Mr.
Gibson's words: "I hope that it
will not be found necessary to re
treat from a policy which has been
viewed with so much satisfaction by
the people generally, and also cordi
ally approved by friendly Powers ;
and T am persuaded that it will not
be necessary if the immigration of
Japanese can be carried out with
the spirit with which it has been
Advertising is the royal road to
fortune. To him who follows it fame
and business are sure things. Lately
the circulation of the Ilui.i.r.Tix has
been growing rapidly, and no better
medium for reaching customers can
be found by merchants.
The proper suggestion lias been
made that a rail should bo put in
front of the post office delivery win
dow, so as to keep more than one
enquhing countenance at a time from
confronting the clerks, and prevent
tho disagreeable jams recurring at
every largo mail opening.
Our banana raisers will have to
look out for their market after all,
The Sau Fraucisco Merchant of
October 10th saj's; "A shipment
of Mexican bananas was received yes
terday. They are expected to com-'
pete with the Honolulu fruit." As
San Francisco merchants are looking
and striving for increased communi
cations with Mexico, tho competition
mentioned may be accepted as the
precursor of more and varied compc-
tition from the same quarter. Our
tuist should be in increased divcrsi-
products and extended
A good, liberal debating society j
would be one of the most useful in- '
8titutions wo could have. It would t
be especially ncccptnble an one of the
means for useful whlling away the
long evenings now upon us. Uy
developing tho talents of its mem
bers, and enlarging the scope of
their minds, it would prove of incal
culable benefit to the young men
connected with it, training them in
the ways of deliberative assemblies
and making them fitter for discharg
ing the duties of citizens. It is to
be hoped the project, announced a
few days aj;o, will not fall through.
THE PLANTERS IN COUNCIL.
Mr. Macflo presented the report
of the Committee on Sugar Manu
facture. Discussing the low pi ices
prevailing tlnoughout the year, it
was pretty severe upon the back
waulness of planters in measures
for cheapening production. The
great advantage beet sugar had in
the market was due to the scientific
methods of its manufacture. The
Committee urged the employment of
a skilful chemist by the Company.
Diffusion was stated to bo by no
means a new process, as it had been
patented in England in 1817. An
appendix gave the respective points
of polarization of different grades of
sugar on various plantations, Ono
mea going the highest ever heard of.
Another appendix gave interesting
descriptions of various sugar-making
appliances used abroad.
The report was discussed, and on
motion was 'adopted and ordered for
Air. Davies read a letter from Mr.
Ypuug, on maceration, or double-
crushing, and hot water saturation,
showing valuable results from this
process. Mr. Horner gave the
opinion of Mr. Rogers that more
saccharine matter per pound was
wasted in the trash burned on our
plantations than was contained in
the sugar beet.
On motion of the Scerctaiy a vote
of thanks was passed to tho several
committees that had reported, and
to Mr. Young and Mr. Koclling for
their vnluablo assistance in technical
The following is a list of the
standing committees for the year,
appointed by tho trustees :
Labor A. II. Smith, J. L. Rich
ardson, Chas. Notley, C. F. Hark,
J. N. Wright.
Cultivation J. M. Horner, E.
M. Walsh, J. Ross, C. S. Kinners
ley, J. K. Smith.
Machinery R. Ilalstcad, W. II.
Bailey, Jas. Renton, C. C. Kennedy,
W. E. Rowell. i
Legislation T. II. Davies, S. 11.
Dole, C. R. Bishop, II. W. Mist, A.
liccipxocityyf. R. Castle, V. A.
Schacfcr, P. C. Jones, Jr., W. W.
Hall, J. II. Paly.
Transportation W. E. Rowell,
W. Y. Horner, J. M. Lydgate, It.
R. Hind, T. S. Hay.
Manufacture of Sugar II. P.
Baldwin, A. Lydgate, C. Koclling,
A. Unua, Z. S. Spalding.
Live Slock B. F. Dillingham,
G. F. Holmes, A. S. Wilcox, W. II.
Purvis, W. Forsytho Grant.
Forestry W. II. Rickard, C. M.
Cooke, C. It. Bishop, J. M. Alex
ander, II. F. Glade.
Fertilizers and Seed Cancii.
II. Dole, G. C. Williams, Ad. Ilannc
berg, R. A. JIacfic, Jr., E. G. Hitch
cock. Varieties of CancU. M. Whit
ney, II. C. Austin, II. L. Baldwin,
E.C. Bond, K. II. Bailey.
Statistics Vf. O. Smith, P. C.
Jones, Jr., W. F. Allen, J. B.
Athciton, II. M. Whitney.
Fruit Culture J. M. Alexander,
J. K. Smith, .1. II. Paty, S. B. Dole,
D. II. Hitchcock.
The Secretary moved, seconded
by Mr. S. B. Dole, and it was unani
mously passed, that the Board of
Trustees be authorized to take action
with regard to shareholders desiring
Mr. Walsh made u few remarks
on the importance of, while striving
after getting all tho juice out of the
cane, getting all tho sugar out ot the
The meeting adjourned till half
Mr. Davies tool: the chair while
the President, Mr. Austin, read n
paper reviewing the history of the
Company gince its organization in
1882. It was ordered for publica
tion in the Planters' Monthly, and
wo defer giving due prominence to
its excellent point? until wc have it
in that form.
The Planters' Monthly was order
ed continued, with a vote of thanks
to the editor for hits services in that
.Scnor Cannvarro, Portugueso Com
missioner, addressed the meeting on
the adaptability of his countrymen
for planting on shares, or otherwise
cultivating small plots for their own
benefit. Mr. Dole and Mr. Austin
spoke favorably to the Portuguese
being given changes, where 'pi actic
ablc, of turning their admirable in
dustry to their own account. It was
decided Hint the Commissioner should
address a letter to the President on
the subject, and that the latter should
then get the views of the planters.
Mr. Davies presented the reply of
the Minister of Foreign Affairs to
the memorial tendered him by tho
deputation. It stated that "the
Government have most explicit as
surances that an immigration of
Japanese to the extent of G000, of
whom four-fifths will be men, may
bo relied on during the year 1885 if
the Government should find itself in
a position to make tho requisite
advances to provide for their pas
sages to this country and for other
incidental expenses. In addition to
this wc arc informed that about GOO
first-class sugar planting laborers
may be expected here within a few
weeks from this date, leaving Japan
some time in November. The num
bers indicated ought to suffice for all
possible wants of the plantations."
The Minister proceeded to inform
the memorialists that tho Government
could not rely upou being able to
make provision out of revenue for
the large advances which would be
required for this immigration, and
asked them to give the Government
an estimate of the number of laborers
they were likely to require for the
next twelve months. He expressed
grave doubts of the advisability of
removing restrictions upon Chinese
immigration, saying "the Govern
ment will need to deliberate caie
fully before undertaking it, in the
event of its being shown to be neces
sary." Under tho existing regula
tions a good mauy Chinese had come
during the past few months, and at
least half of those who had gone
away had taken permits to return
which could also be had in Hong
kong, and it was probable more than
that proportion would return.
An interesting discussion ensued.
Mr. Macfic said they had been trust
ing the Government for years for a
labor supply, but yet it seemed as if
the best thing to be done now was to
advance the money and run the
Japanese business themselves.
Mr. Rickard said if the Govern
was so nearly bankrupt, it should
moi e cleaily see tho necessity of
helping tho planters, who were the
mainspiing of tho Government.
Without tho plantations, ho asked,
what is left of the Islands Policy
worked hard from morning till night,
and ono end of the year to tho other,
but it was with tho greatest difficulty
they could yield satisfaction to their
agents. Once theie might have
been a neccssltj' for keeping out tho
Chinese, but now it was different.
Mr. W. O. Smith said the restric
tion of Chinese had been agreeable
to tho people, but now it scorned
absolutely necessary that they
should bo admitted. Ho spoko of
the delay that must necessarily en
sue in gelling shipments of Japanese
subsequent to the one promised, and
Chinese could bo got in sufficient
numbers nt very shoit notice by
simply cabling a demand for them.
Mr. Davies reminded them of tlte
desirability of answering Mr. Gib
son's question as to how many
laborers would bo required, and
made a suggestion, which was agreed
to, that at the following morning
session each plantation's rcprcscnta'
tlvc should givo an approximate cs
timatc of i(s wants.
Mr. A. II. Smith said that on
sorao plantations it was not a ques
tion of want of laborers, but of
Mr. W. O. Smith endorsed this,
saying if tlnec thousand Japanese
could be bi ought in at once the ques
tion would bo solved, but if they
were to be coming all the year the
effect on wages would be slight.
Mr. Davies said they were com
mitting themselves to n statement
that there wn9 a scarcity of labor,
and to contradict themselves would
bo sclf-stultillcation. If they paid
enough they could get enough.
Mr. Atherton urged that they
must have enough labor to bring
Mr. Walsh said his plantation had
any number of lazy, high-priced
Chinamen, nnd he had ordorcd 100
Mr. Allen said the Japanese would
have to be broken in to tho work,
while the Chinese had fellow-coun-
trymen here to assimilate with. The
solution, ho thought, was in the in
troduction of Chinese.
Mr. Rickard said when the Chi
nese were coming, wages kept down ;
but when they were stopped, wages
Mr. Walsh took issue with the
statement that there were men
enough in the country. He referred
to a planter who was going to dis
charge men, but he would have to
get them back at higher wages and
Mr. Davies said if it was so that
there were enough men in the coun
try, let them draft a letter of apology
to the Government. If there wore a
sufficiency of men, he would like the
gentlemen saying so would let him
have some for plantations he was
Mr. Rickard agreed with this,
saying he had sent a man to China,
who would bring as many laborers
as the regulations would allow.
Mr. Lydgate said he wanted 100
men on Laupahoehoe plantation,
and knew a neighbor who wauted
The President asked the members
to bring statements in the morning
as to the probable number of men
required by them. It was not true
that there were enough laborers in
the country, as a great number of
the men here wore not laborers, but
idlo vagrants. They wanted enough
men to make it necessary for these
to go to work and earn their living
or else starve. Everything should
bo done fair and squore with the
The meeting adjourned at four
o'clock, till Friday morning at ten,
and many of the members went to
see Mr. Coleman's cane planting
What is the attraction over there?
was the question wc heard several
persons ask as wo passed along Mer
chant street this morning. The an
swer was : thero arc a fine new line
of gents' Byeicle or Travelling shirts
whicli M. Mclneriuy has just lcceiv
cd, and is now placing them on
view in his window. Wc have seen
them and pronounce them the pret
tiest designs wc have ever seen.
We advise our friends to make an
eaily call and select their choice of
colois. 800 Gt
TTir ANTED, with pleasant rooms, by
t T. ji.gentlcman and wife In a prl'
Address P. O.
VrANTED a situation
as Cook by
Tl Portugueso who
llttlu EuglMi. Apply
GONSALVES A CO , 57 Hotel SI
BB A YOUNG GERMAN, AS A
WAITER In a Restaurant or any
kind of outdoor work. Apply to
J. E. WISEMAN.
General Business Agent, 28 Merchant st.
SUIT 01' FRONT ROOMS, nicely
furnished. Apply at No. 8 Kukul
I?OIt GENTLEMEN ONLY. Apply
? to MRS. TURNER. 82 Klug Street,
nearly opposite the Windsor Restnurant,
' CflO ly h
JAOINTltO DO MONTE begs to noti
fy tho public that ho Is prepared to
undertake contracts for Well Boring,
cheaper than any ouo else.
Portuguese Strset, back of Queen's
IlospItaL 850 tf
J. E. WISEMAN'S
How MicmiocKi f prrl
Ready for Active Work Ajjain.
fpHE Business Community and iny
JL Patrons generally throughout the
Islands will please take notice that I
have returned from my trip to the Conn
and with impiou'd facilities fur con
dueling my General Oilier Business. 1
most respectfully solicit In the future
the patronage heretofore ex I ended to
me Uuiltig my buines engagement In
tho Kincuom for tlte past five years.
In addition -to my various depart,
ments, I have bcon appointed sole Agent
for tho St. .To & Hnnnlbal-ond the Bur
lington nnd Qulncy Rail Road, also,
soliciting Agent for tho Pan Francisco
Illuminating Caid Advertisement Com
pany. Orders for Goods, Wares and
Merchandise of every kind und nature
scut to the Coast, and satisfaction
guaranteed and on the most reasonable
In my Real Estate Department, I have
alwavs on hand choice property to sell
and ilouscp, Rooms and Offices "to lease
nnd let. I collect rent?, pay and dis
charge taxes, insurnnco and order neces
sary repairs when required. Landlords
nnd Owners will find thnt it will bo to
their ndvantagc to place their Real Es
tate Interests In my hands, as I will
carefully nttend to this branch of my
business to their entire satisfaction.
'Custom House Entries executed at
Books nnd Accounts kept. and adjust
ed, nnd Quhrterly Bills distributed and
collected accurately and promptly.
Soliciting Agent for the Mutual Life
Insurance Co. of New York, also Fire
Dou't forget thnt 1 do business on
business principles. Give me a call.
JT. 13. WISEMAN, .
The only lccognlrcd General Busiaoss
Agent in tho Kingdom.
Offices, 28 Merchant Street, Campbell's
Flro Proof Block, Honolulu.
P. O. Box 315.
BEGS to inform the public that he has
per Mariposa, an elegant assoitment of
Gents', Ladies', and Children's
Boots & Shoes
OP THE BEST QUALITY.
W. H. PAGE,
HONOLULU CARRIAGE MAMUPACTORV
NOS.128 and 180 TORT STREET
(opposlto Pantheon Stables)
HONOLULU, II. 1.
Tho Manufactory contains a complete
Carriage Shop, Blacksmith Shop, Paint
Shop, and Trimming Shop.
DRAYS AND TRUCKS,
HAND CARTS, &C, &0.
Made to Order on most favorable terms
und all work guaranteed.
The Closest Attention tflven to re
pair work of all lilniln.
Having been lu business on the Island
for a number of years employing nono
but the most Skillful of Mechanics, and
using only At Material, I can strictly
guaranteo nil wont leaving my Manu
factory. Give mo a call bofore purchasing
Don't forget the place.
Iii8 and 130 FORT STREET.
orrosirn dodu's Briiiw:s.
OFFICE TO IJBT.
ONE SIDE of .1. E. Wiseman's beau,
tlful olllco to rent, with line office
furniture, chandelier.s consultation
room, use of telephone, Ac. To a hulv
able party reasonable terms will bo
given. Apply to
.1. E. WISEMAN,
General HusIiicm Agent, Campbell's
8intf Block, Merchant st.
AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OP
THE Shareholders of tho Hawai.
Ian Carriage Manufacturing Co. held
this day, Saturday, Oct. IS, flin follow,
ing officers were duly elected for the
President G. West
Vice-President B. P. Dillingham
Manager S. M. Whitman
Asst. Maimgcr W. W. Wright
Secretary & Treasurer. . .E, G. Schuman
Boots If Sloes
I L. ADLER
. - . rt
--i- rtj. '?4.W.. j ,el