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BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Exchange on tho
JBnulc oi Culil'oruin, SS. J?.
And their agent." In
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. N. M. Rothschild .fc Son, Loudon.
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
.The Commercial Uanl; Co., (if Sydney,
The Uanl: of New Zealand: Auckland,
Christcliurch, and Wellington.
Tho Hank of Dritish Columbia, Vic
torln, n. C. and Portland, Or.
Transact a Ocncral R.tnklug BuMnoa'.
SIu Sniijj J'k:tin
PleJjeJ to nslihor Beet nor Fart;.
Bat uttMlihel fjf.t'je liinelit of all.
THURSDAY, DEC. -I, 18SI.
THIS EVENINC'S DOIHCS.
Gymnasium, Skating, 7.
Mystic Lodge, Xo. 2, 7:;S0.
Regular Cash Stile, ut Sales Room
of Lyons & Levey nt 10 o'clock.
It wns hardly to have been ex
pected that the transition from n
silver to n gold basis should Imvo
been altogether devoid of friction.
When Messrs. Mishap & Co.'n Hank
. declined silver coin, an apprehension
seized tho community that gold win
going to be at a premium, or silver
nt a discount, which is the same
thing. The Chamber of Commerce
assembled yesterday morning to con
sider the situation, and resolved to
memorialize the Government to re
duce tho silver circulation to not
more than 8350,000. Some people
think that will be too little silver
currency for tho country's require
ments, as n largo proportion of the
wages paid in town and country is
in amounts of ten dollars find less.
It would be n great mistake to re
duce the subordinate medium of
trade below the working require
ments of tho country, "nnd until ex
perience blmll have indicated what
amount of silver is required, it is
the duty of the Government to pre
vent silver being discounted. It was
well understood, when tho Currency
Act was passed, that the public
treasury was -to oufitiun tho cntiro
expense of the change to a gold
basis. Wc submit, therefore, that
it is incumbent upon the Uovern-
ment to adopt means whereby people
r. who have more silver than they im
mediately require may have it ex
changed for gold or the silver certi
ficates that now represent gold.
Indeed, this is the only practical
method of coming 'at the amount of
silver currency tho country requires.
Something like the amount of silver
i that is found to be uncalled for in
the treasury after three months or
so, would be the most that the Gov
vernment could afford to send away
to be converted into gold. Unless
the daily or weekly accumulations of
silver in tho shops nnd olllccs are to
be exchangeable for gold or its re
presentative paper, the reduction of
the total amount of silver in circula
tion will not bring about nn equili
brium, but will only produce a
famine of silver, as business men
will hold it in largo sums, for oppor
tunities to work it off in change.
There must be some authorized
place or places of exchange at par,
,or there will be a general robbing of
L' the public and unending incon-
THE FIRE LADDIES.
There arc no organizations in the
jcity deserving of more liberal sup-
Vport from the property owners than
r those forming our gallant flro bri-
: ui.. wiitii u imuu iimiiii;iiiu 111-
' corporation, and perhaps for some-
time afterward, dependence for pro-
',,.,,i it..:i ... i..... ...... .:,.i.,..i :..
S'tcction acralnst tire must lw imnn
'volunteers. Tho voluntary system
Imust bu extended until llunn-
i;cial assistance is brought into pro-
Eportion with the muscle nnd pluck
Ainow so generously placed nt tho
sorvico of tho community. One
tftliing that should bo piovidcd Is
Shorse power to draw the engines to
sfircs. This is necessary, both in
ijustico to the men and for the sake
of the time gained, the latter one of
Itho'very first essentials to clllcicncy.
Vt present only one engino, No. 2,
has the advantage of being hauled
jiby, horses. A striking illustration
lot' the hardship accruing to tho
other companies from this lack was
afforded yesterday. 'Within two
hours there wcro ns many alarms,
and at the second one it was plain
to be seen that the men hauling the
heavy machines were still weary
from their exertions upon the first
occasion, and n fire might have
spread over quarter of the town
while they painfully tolled to the
supposed point of danger. Per
haps the fire appropriation mado by
the Legislature is adequate to pay
for the hire of horses for all the
engines at every fire, but so far as
wo know tho fire marshals or police
have no authority to impress the
services of horses even if there is
money to pay for them. This is one
of those matters in which private
disposition should be made to bend
to the public good, and there should
be a police regulation authorizing
the impressment of horses for haul
ing the engines. In some towns
abroad the lire police have the
power to compel people to bear a
hand in drawing hand engines to
fires and operating thcui when there.
They should hnve tho same power
here, whether it Is feasible to have
horse or not. At the second alarm
yesterday the Chinese Company
toiled up Queen street with their
heavy engine, the men all blown and
fatigued, while dozens of able
bodied men ran alongside on the
sidewalks, who by taking hold of
the ropes could have got the ma
chine, along in half the time it took.
The difference of a very few min
utes in tho time made in getting the
engines to a fire may represent the
salvation or destruction of thou
sands of dollars' worth of property,
and the diffcrenco between having
the firemen fresh at. the scene and
wearied from the severe exertion of
dragging their ponderous engines is
an additional consideration of
weight. It is therefore very false
economy to allow the continuance
of the present slow-going method,
and if there h not public money
available to secure the needed
change, it would be ns good nn in
vestment ns insurance for tRc prop
erty owners to raise n fund for hir
ing horses, at least until this next
meeting of the Legislature.
A FIRE ALARM."
There ought to be a better method
for giving fire alarms than the one
in use here. It is useless, under tho
existing system of town government,
to advocate the firo alarm telegraph
now in almost universal use in large
cities on the continent. That is,
unless owners of property can afford
to invest in the improvement as an
insurance scheme. It ought to be
possible, however, to devise a method
in conjunction with our telephone
system, which would be far more
efficient than the present one. Map
out the town, into a score of districts,
and publish tho numbers and bounds
of them in cards for general distri
bution. Where the telegraph alarm
exists, business men often have the
districts printed with their adver
tisements. Have a certain telephone
in each district it might be one in
private use set apart for fire signal
ling purposes. Then, suppose a' fire
breaks out in No. 13, something like
tho following course. could bo
adopted : The keeper of the tele
phone nt once announces the fact to
the central olllcc, who immediately
telephones tho number to each firo
station and to tho sexton of every
church having a bell. Those in
charge at the fire stations respond nt
once by lighting tho fires In the
engines, throwing open tho doors
and getting everything in readiness
for the earliest possible start. Tho
persons 'having charge of tho bells
give the alarm by linging tho number
of tho district repeatedly at intervals
of half a minute, thus: ono, pause
of three seconds, one, two, three,
forming the number thirteen. In tho
telegraph firo alarm this is done 03'
means of clock-work in tho central
fire station, tho number being
sounded thr.ee times in succession.
That would not bo a sullicicut alarm
hero, where tho warning out of tho
firemen necessitates arousing tho
whole population. Some such scheme
ns that aboyo described is, wo be
lieve, feasible, and would be a great
improvement. Nominally there is
an approach to such a .system now
in operation, there being thirteen
flro yards and tho number of tho
ono where n fire occurs being rung
on the central tower. Before, how
ever, people realize that an alarm is
being given, there is a confused
jangling of bells that drowns the
Rounding of the number on tho cen
tral one. Such confusion ns existed
nt tho false alarm yesterday, regard
ing the locality where the brlgado
was wanted, Is fraught t with dis
Mr. Vni, 11. Olcson, Ililo, advo
cates, In tho Planters' Monthly,
the experiment of tho culture of
sumach, valuable, for its tannin, and
cinchona, for its medicinal virtue.
The list of suggestions in the direc
tion of diversifying our productions
is growing long. "What Is wanted
now is combined and systematic ef
fort to give those suggestions effect.
There is no reason to suppose that
the police of any rural district is
much belter, than that of Nonoknn,
described by n correspondent in this
issue. Such a state of matters is
only tho natural consequence of the
system. One of the main objects
is to furnish members of the Legisla
ture with a quantity of petty pat
ronage for bestowal upon ' their
A writer in tho Hostou Commer
cial JJulletiii shows, by comparisons
with tho history of the construction
of the Suez Canal, that the Panama
Canal is not so visionary a project as
it has been tho fashion of late to re
present it. lie says that work on
the Panama Canal is comparatively
at least two years ahead of tho work
on Jho Suez Canal. Commander
Go'rringc, of Egyptian obelisk fame,
estimates, in a letter to 'the Now
York fiuli, that the Canal will cost
about SI 20,000,000, and be com
pleted by January 1st, 1890, at the
Con I'spoiulence is solicited on the top
ic? cf Iho day, or what may become so.
We reserve the light lon'iclsc purely
We do not hold ourselves responsible
for the opinions expressed by our cor-rc-pondciits.
THE COUNTRY POLICE.
Editok Bumxtix: As 1 know
your columns arc always open to the
just complaints of any community,
I would like to state a few of tho,
evils that we are alflictcd with in
this little town. I refer to the in
crease of drunkenness, and drunken
brawls in our' streets, nnd the con
stant use of obscene and filthy lan
guage that respectable people aro
obliged to listen to f:om day to day.
During tho Into session of the Legis
lature there was a very liberal appro
priation made for constables in this
district, nevertheless it is a well
known fact that a policeman is never,
on duty in the town after dark (and
rarely at all). Coulinot ono be set
apart for that duty, and ho should
bo a live man, not the antiquated
fossils they have on the force now,
that can only do two things draw
their breath and draw their pay. I
do not know who is to blamo in this
matter, but certainly it rests at some
one's door. And whoever is res
ponsible should try and remedy tho
evil. A Ri:siDr.NT.
Nonokaa, Hawaii, Nov. 30.
Editok liuLLirrix : Will you bo
kind enough to answer in your valua
ble paper this afternoon tho follow
ing: 1st When did the Great Eastern
first lay a cable across tho Atlantic?
2nd What arc tho names of the
vessels which laid the first cable?
1st She made an unsuccessful
attempt in 18G5, but succeeded the
2nd If wo mistake not, the Nia
gara and tho Agamemnon.
LATEST FOREIGN NEWS.
A heavy shock of earthquake was
felt in New Hampshire on Novem
Tho general election for the Im
perial Parliament, which has just
taken plnco in Germany, has been a
milcc of forces fighting under nearly
a dozen different banners. So far as
tha results of the election arc known,
they show a great inoreaso in tho
strength of the Socialists, and a pro
portionate falling off in that of the
Liberals. Theso general elections
for the Reichstag are held every
three years by universal suffrage, and !
the number of registered electors in ,
the Etnpiro is about 10,000,000. At '
tho .last elections, In 1881, barely ,
half of this total went to tho polls ;
but in Berlin the Progressists, or
radical wing of the Liberal party,
polled n large vote and carried all the
six scats. Since then tho Progres
sists Jiave become merged with the
Secessionists from the old National
Liberal faction into a new party call
ing themselves Libcrnlists. In the
capital only one of their candidates,
Dr. Ludwig Lowe, has been elected.
One of tho beats has gone to a So
cialist, and the other four will have
to bo contested again at a second
ballot, tho Liberal candidate being
opposed in ever case by a Conser
vative and a Socialist. It is the
custom In continental elections for
the candidate who has polled the
smallest vote to retire before second
ballot, hinting or openly declaring
to his supporters that he would like
them to voto for one or other of his
former competitors. By virtue of
this arrangement it is possible that
an alliance- between Conservatives
and Socialists may oii3t the Liberals
from the four seats which remain
open in Berlin. Ex.
7MH5TCLACS COOKS. German and
JL wife, wiili situation. Please call
or address. (fcS'i lw) :tl ALAKEA ST.
A SPECIAL Meeting (if thu Share.
holders of the Hawaiian Carriage
Manufacturing Co. will be liulil Dec.
lUtb, at 10 a. !., nt their office, Nov. 70
Queen street, for the purpose of alteilng
885 M E.U. SCHUMANN Secretary.
TO LET Oil LEASE.
A SMALL fi-roomed Collage on King
street near the Catholic Cemetery
nnd In icarof Capt. Cook's premises,
to rent or lease. Has deep lot, both
water nnd nlco convenience for smnll
family. Rental $18 per month. Apply
to J. E. WISEMAN,
SSI lw General Itoul Estate agent.
MY BLACKBOARD LIST.
SEVERAL Cottages to lease hi vnrl.
ous parts of tho city and suburbs.
Leasehold property for sale and lodging;
houso to lease with furniture for sale.
U3ySee Wiseman's new Blackboard in
window of ollice. J. 15 WISEMAN,
General Business Agent ii Real Estate
Broker. 8S5 lw '
FOR SALE BY
H. HACKFELD & Co.
of -tOO, .100 and
600 Gallons 600'
FOB SALE BY
H. Hackfeld & Co.
Tho furnituio of 4 iooms,
jjn iiiciuuing move ami cook-
ihj; uiuiiHiis, iiirge .oaiu
tub, &c., will bp sold
ciieap, ii applied ,or lm
mcillatcly. Apply to Mrs. W". Ecnnell,
02 King street, up jtliilrs. 88 1 lw
A SMALL KORHKL HOUSE, at
Kapiolnni Park, whllu star on
forehead and white feet. Please return
to E.'G. Sehuman, No. TOiQueeii nt.
831 tf J
S HEREBY given that I will not bo
JL responsible for any debt eontiaclcd
in my name without my written order.
Honolulu, Nov. 10, 1881. " 805 lm
ALL BILLS duo J. H. Congdon &
Co. (Hamilton Johnson, Manager)
up to Oct. illst, must bo paid immedla.
tely to tho uudersigned, or thoy will bo
placed in the hands of a collector.
882 lw HAMILTON JOHNSON.
Honolulu, Nov. 21th. 1881.
Gentlemen owing bills to William
Fcunoll will please call nnd pay before
the 14th of December, any bills owing
by him will bo paid on piescntntloii, by
him nt Mr. P. Dallon's Harness Store
No. 02 King street, Honolulu. 870 2w
GUINEA I'IGS FOK
SALE. KnuuUu at the
882 tf BULLETIN OFFICE.
Punchbowl St., near King,
Has been opened by Ed. G. WALLER.
Hoof, Mutton, Ycnl, Act'.,
883 Always on hand. ly
lit id mtik-fVmAmf
Commencing on tho 1st. day of December,
and continuing throughout the month, we
will offer our entire stock, without reservo,
at cost. All clns.se.1 of goods are included
in this offering, and genuine bargains may
be obtained strictly for cash.
B0 Fr EHL
FANCY &00DS EMPORIUM
Wovelty Head Quarters I
3R-AJBE FOB. THE JEXOJUEDYfeS !
PRESENTS EOll BAUIES,
" YOUR GREAT GRAND-MOTHER,
" YOUR GREAT GRAND-FATHER,
11 YOUR RELATIONS,
Can now be selected from the btock of Holiday Goods now being
AT THE HAWAIIAN BAZAR.
lOO FOKX STREET.
ter Call, examine nnd sec the largest stock in the Kingdom, -a '
f72 KENNEDY & CO., Proprietors.
JOSEPH. E. WISEMAN,
Tho Only Recognized General Business Agent on tho Hawaiian Island
Offices in Campbell's Fire-proof Building, 27 Merchant St., Honolulu, H. I.
, P.O.Box.'lin i i i- Telopliono 173.
REAL ESTATE AGENT-Buys and sells Real Estate Hi all parts of the King
dom. Rents Olllces, Houses, Cottages and Rooms.
SOLICITING AGKXJT FOHWILDBIVS INTER-ISLAND STEAMEIIS-Tour
Istsnnd tho Traveling Public will apply to mo for Tickets and iuformatlun to
Sl?11?? A9ENT F0RTE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OP NEW
,?, iho Largest, Grandest and Soundest Institution of its kind in tho
A(W?,0M H GREAT BURLINGTON RAILWAY KOUTE IN AMERICA
Tills Route oxcels all other routes going East, the scenery behiL' the crando-t.
the meals tho choicest and the Pnlnce ondDlnlng Cars tho handsomest und mo't
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Kinds Employment for nil feelUng work In the vari
ous branches of Industry on tho Islands.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CITY OP LONDON FIRE INSURANCE CO.
Tho best known Company in the Islands.
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKKR-EntcrH Goods at Custom House, pays nnd discharges
Freight nnd Duty Hills under power of Attorney.
MONEY BROKER Loans Monoy at all times on first-class sccurltly.
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENT-Legal Papers of every description drawn. Bills
Distributed nnd Collected. Books and Accounts kept and adjusted. Records
Searched. Rents Collected. Taxes and Insurance on Property looked after.
Copying and Engrossing done. Advertisements, Newspaper Articles, Corres
pondence and Commercial Business of every nature promptly and accurately
attended t. '
AGENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL AT HONOLULU-Companlcs abroad
will correspond with me for terms, etc. Orders for Island Shells, Curios, Lava
Specimens, Native VIows and Photo3 carefully filled and forwarded to all parts
wi uiL it uniii
ST Information appertaining to the Islands given and all coircspondtnco faith
JOSEPH E. WIS1UIAX,
8J Gonoral Buslnoss Agent, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Booko and Accounts and 'Cus
tom Houso Business prompt
ly, carofully and accurately
J. E. WISEMAN,
General Business Agent, Merchant St.
Tolophono 172 P. 0. Box 315.
I70R GENTLEMEN ONLY. Apply
: to MRS. TURNER. 83 King Street,
nearly opposite tho Windsor Restaurant,
600 ly b
& Now Year's Its
AND OLD HAPPY.
' ' '
- ' ?
GENTLEMEN, - .
YOUR GIRL, . ;,.,
YOUR MOTHER, ',
YOUR FATHER, ' . -YOUR
JWO. A. PALMER,
Collector, Ileal EMutc,
xunci'nl ItiiHincMN Agent.
Onico in Campbell's Now Block,
815 tf' Room No. 7, Up-Staln.
A FEW CHOICE BUILDING LOTS,
also Residence property on thu
Plains at a bargain.
I'or Stent Several well furnished
rooms, in private familics-gool loca.
tlon. Pleasant rooms for two gcntlt.
men, with privilege of keeping 2 Tiorses
SMALL COTTAGE AT LELEO.
Annlv to T. .W. ItAWT.lNH
831 tf Soap Works