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BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Island.
Draw Exchange on llic
JQtmlc ol' Ctimiirnln, S. XT.
And tliolr agents in
- NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONQ.
Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & Son, Lonilon.
Tlio Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Coiumurol.il Until: Co., of Sydney,
Tlio Bank of Now Zealand: Auckland,
Cliristclittrcli, and Wellington.
Tlio Bauk of British Columbia, Vic.
torla, I). 0. ixud Portland, Or.
Transact it General limiting I'uslnti-s.
to gjnttij SttUrUn,
Pledged to wither Beet nor Tart;,
Bat cstibllshoJ for the benoSt of all.
TUESDAY, ttKC. no, 1881.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Snlo of New Year's Goods, at 7,
at E. P. Adams' Sales Rooms.
Honolulu llincs, 7:30.
Excelsior Lodge, I.O.O.F., 7:tiO.
'Meeting Stock Exchange, nt 11.
THE TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION.
Miss Ilillcbrand lead a paper on
the teaching of decimals. She would
teach them with whole numbers.
This system had been tried and
proved at Hilo. Little or no expla
nations were necessary in teaching
Mrs. Wallace read a paper on the
teaching of arithmetic. Her prac
tice had been to teach mental arith
metic first. She taught aritlrmctic
as a science, and placed great im
portance upon accuracy in defini
tions. Also taught the local value
of digits. Pupils made their own
Mr. Scott showed a difficult ex
ample to teach in division of frac
tions, and Mr. Moore told how he
would explain it by substituting
whole numbeis ilrst in the example.
Mr. Oleson, Dr. Hydu riul Mr.
Moore spoke upon the subject.
The committee on lesolutions re
ported one in favor of publishing
educational supplements to some of
tlio newspapers. Also, requesting
the Hoard to establish associations
on the different Islands, and to bear
the expenses of delegates to the an
Mr. Oleson read a paper on
"Moral Training in Public Schools."
It was given close attention and
applauded at the conclusion. He
insisted that tlio school was part of
the social system, designe'd to train
the child up to sturdy morality as a
member of the community, as well
as to teach it leading, wiiting and
arithmetic. It was incumbent upon
the state to facilitate moral training
in the schools, and thus prevent
crime, just as much as to sustain
judicial mach'mciy to punish crime
when developed. Teachers in our
schools had little spaie time for the
special inculcation of morals, so
fully jliil ordinary teaching routine
occupy school hours. The Govern
ment would assist the object in view,
therefore, by providing all the time
saving appliances possible for the
schools. Ho had licaul that a sys
tem of moral tuition had been
adopted in New Yotk. Summing
up, he said schools did not fulfil
their functions unless they made the
scholars pure, tine, more honest,
icvcrential toward law and opposed
to wrong and disorder.
Dr. Hyde lamented evidences pre
sented to him of the rapid degenera
tion of tho young people of the land.
One had only to look at the vast
majority of young people of Ha
waiian birth in this city, to bo con
vinced of a lack in their moral train
ing. He wished that some strenuous
effort could be .made to draw tho
attention of tlio Boaid of Education
to the necessity of paying more at
tention to morality in the Hawaiian
schools. Inci casing pf oneness to
drunkenness and other vices was
.sadly to bo icmnikcd in the young
Hawaiian. Referring to tlio case of
a teacher on Maui who was guilty of
grossly immoral conduct, the speaker
urged tho impotlauco of having
moral tcacliois in the Ilrst place.
' Some had suggested that better pay
would ensure a supply of good
teachers, but he had been told that
when salaties were raised the effect
was to make poorer teachers of those
who were pretty good before
Mr. Ctook had adopted the
method, in his schoql of ICO pupils,
of holding the scholars responsible
for any misconduct on their way to
or from school, and they generally
went homo quietly.
Mr. Scott lcgardcd moral conduct
as ahead of everything. Unless thoy
gave child! en ideas of light their
mission would 'be nn entire failure.
He should have liked if Mr. Oleson
had given the proper method of ar
riving at tho object in view. It was
not simply telling children that it
was wrong to do this or that, but
making them understand what was
right and why it was light. In an
instance or his cxpciicncc, he had
taken the opportunity of a child
stealing another's pencil to instruct
tlio scholars in the principles of
honesty. Give the children a basis
for doing l iglit, and not read them a
goody-goody story. Produce light
feeling in flic boy, because it was
our feelings that prompted our ac
tions. The teacher must show him
self to be in earnest to have proper
influence with tho pupils.
Mr. Mackintosh would not have
taken such a roundabout course with
the boy who stole the pencil. He
would have conveyed to him a sense
of the wrongfulness of his act in
five Hawaiian or four English words,
"Thou shait not steal." By getting
the book of books into the schools
they would effect moie for morality
than in any other way. Ho drilled
every boy thoroughly in the Sermon
on tlio Mount, and used Old Testa
ment stories in the same way. And
if they all had his results they would
not be very unhappy over them.
Ho had the pleasure of seeing esti
mable citizens in every quarter of
the city, made in his factory to use
the figure of a former speaker.
Mr. Merrill said he thought Mr.
Mackintosh touched the core of the
matter in pointing out God's word
as the basis of moral instruction.
A Scotch divine had said that
the morals of Scotland had de
clined from the day when tlio
Book of Proverbs was removed from
the list of text-books in that coun
try's schools. The only ethics of
any value the world had were those
based upon the Bible. As regarded
a manual of morals, hu should be
afraid of any other book he had
ever seen. The foundation of moral
teaching lay in the character of the
teacher. No teacher can teach mo
rals, with any effect unless moral
himself. There was more good to
bo derived from the use of examples
of well-doing than of those of ill
doing. He had been glad to take
Mrs. Bishop's life as a text for his
children, at the time of that lady's
death. It seemed well to him to
hold up to children such characters
as that of. tho late Win. 12. Dodge,
of Now York, and even of men in
Honolulu, as examples of what right
principles and well-doing would ac
complish. Ho took care that tho
children had no occasion to accuse
himself of undcrhandeduess or du
plicity. Mrs. llcbbard said she must tell
her pupils to do right becauso God
wanted them to do so. It was
necessary for every man and woman
in these Islands to live a Christian
life before they could get Hawaiian
children to do light.
Mr. Olscn believed there should
be a text-book to define tho mean
ings of such words as arson, perjury,
etc., in order to teach children the
enormity of tho crimes thus denomi
nated. Mr. Scott said ho should be at
great ditllculty to point out examples
of success in Honolulu, to' hold up
to children's imitation. Should it
bo the millionuairc, who made his
fifteen percent in usury; the man
whose main principle is to buy
cheap and sell dear, or to tho man
who makes great professions of
goodness? Ho should liavo to beo
how a man acted towauls his wife
and family before using him as an
example of high piinciple.
Mr. Mcrritt said at all events Mr.
Dodge was nn example ho should
not be afraid of holding up. Tho
idea was that concrete morality pro
'duccd stronger effects upon the
young mind than abstract principles.
As an instance of Mr. Dodgo's con
sistency, he related how that gentle
man had sold out his entire stock
in n railway, of which lie was one of
the largest holders, because the
directors persisted in running Sun
day trains. ,
Mrs. Hebbard asked what was
tho (inference between tlio running
of trains and that of horses and
carriages on Sunday.
Mr. Mcrritt said thcie was a
Tho convention adjourned at four
o'clock until ten o'clock this
Tho convention was opened at 10
o'clock with prayer by the Rev. Dr.
After tho reading of minutes, the
Rev. Dr. Hydo icad a paper on,
"Some Desirable Improvements in
Our Educational System." Tho
paper indicated what its author re
garded as sctious deficiencies in the
Report of tho Board of Education,
in financial statements and otherwise.
It also reflected upon the lack of
moral training in the Government
schools, and urged that if those were
not to be the training ground of va
gabonds and hotbeds of leprosy and
vice, tlio community, which was
mainly responsible for abuses, must
become aroused to tho necessity for
radical reform. Dr. Hyde closed
with a series of resolutions, calling
for quarterly reports of schools, a
clearer financial exhibit of the
Board's operations, and systematic
moial tuition in tlio schools, and ex
pressing the Association's high ap
preciation of tho educational be
quests of the late Mrs. Bishop. It
was moved and seconded that tho
I'csolutions be referred to tho com
mittee on resolutions.
Mr. Scott remarked upon some of
the statistics that he knew were re
ported to the Board, saying ho was
nstounded that they had not ap
peared in-the Board's report.
Mr. G. C. Kcnyon said there were
some poi lions of the resolutions
which could not be agreed to by all
the members. He objected to
teachers of independent schools put
ting such resolutions. It was his
impression that the Association was
originally formed for the benefit of
Government teachers, and indepen
dent teachers were admitted on an
equal footing. As a Government
teacher lie strongly objected to being
placed in a false position by those
resolutions. It was not their J place
to dictate to the Board of Educa
tion. That was exclusively the pro
vince of the Legislature, and what
ever it required of the Board would
probably be supplied. He most
strongly objected to the insinuation
that the Government schools were
training seedbeds for leprosy and
viciousucss. The schools had n
system of moral instruction, pre
scribed by the Inspector-General.
Ho strongly objected to such asper
sions being cast upon his scholars,
and invited examination of their
morals. Such charges he considered
us disgraceful to the man who made
them. In answer to a question he
said tho system in vogue was the
regular inculcation of moral maxims.
"With lefcrcnce to the Resolution ask
ing for quarterly reports of schools,
he said the teachers did not report
to the Board at all, but to the school
agent of the district, who exercised
discretion as to tho terms to be
covered in reports. This society
asking for a clearer financial exhibit
from the Board was allied to tho
case of an employeo in a sloro down
town asking his employer to oblige
him with a fuller balance sheet.
Mr. Kcnyon was interrupted
several times by points of order, and
in fact spoke under a motion grant
ing him tho privilege of discussing
tlio resolutions at that stage, as he
had only an hour to stay. One of
the points raised was as to tho status
of the Association, the discussion of
which elicited the fact that Govern
ment teachers had no advantage in
tho institution of the society.
Dr. Hydo briefly contended that
tlio association was freo to make
suggestions to the Board, in which
he was supported by Dr. Hyde and
Tho resolutions were referred to
Tho President read a paper on
"Preparation for the Primer." It
remarked upon tho peculiar nature
of tho schools of tho Hawaiian
Islands, in the pupils mostly lcquir
ing instruction in a languago foreign
to them 'and in tho heterogeneous
grouping of pupils in sirigle schools.
Tho most manifest preparation re
quired is n knowledge of the lan
guage to bo read. Ho enquired how
should this knowlcdgo bo given, and
how much of it should precede tho
use of books. Object-lessons wore
emphatically chosen by him before
translation as tlio proper method lo
begin with in our primary schools.
"The modem woild's gicat master
of the" principles of instruction took
as his model nn intelligent mother
teaching her children to walk, to
talk nnd to do tho thousand and one
things which every sound child
should learn to do in tho first few
years of his life." The mother
showed tho child an npplo beforo sho
taught it tho namo of il. It would
bo impossible, however, lo follow
tho paper throughout in our brief
space. It was applauded at the
conclusion, and evoked a vigorous
discussion. .Messrs. 'Scott, Hyde,
Mackintosh and Forbes illustrated
the proverb, " Doctors differ," by
showing decided vaiianco over tho
proper expression of sundry vowel
Messrs. Mackintosh mid Scott, and
Mrs. "Wallace, were elected to serve
with the olllccrs as tho executive
committee for the ensuing year.
Tho Hon. T. S. "Walker was pre
sent at this sitting, to represent the
Board of Education.
' Recess of two hours was taken at
It saves time, pitienco and fuel,
if you buy machine-made poi.
This Tuesday Evening, Dec. 30
nt 7 o'clock, nt Sales Room,
A SPLENDID ASSORTMENT
Hew Year's Goods.
E. 1. ADAMS,
Xew Cottage to Ict.
ANEW COTTAGE, corner of Pcnsa.
cola and Kiunu streets; four rooms,
kitchen, bath and pantry. "Water laid
on. Healthy location. Terms reason
able. Enquire of
W. O. ATWATEH,
000 2w Gov't Building.
"XISS MUTHEtt would nnnounco
JLtJL thnt the not term of the Kinder
garten and Primary School will open
On 31 outlay, .Inutinry ."5, 1NS5.
School hours from 9 a.m. till 2 p.m.
J. II. HAAT.OX
WILE attend to sick or soro hoises.
Cure corns',? and all diseases of
the foot, Having 8 years experience of
local disca-us, ho can refer to work
done for many, citizens. Sf Can ho
seen at Coleman's Shop, King sticct.
81 PEARL GALLERY,
Corner Fort and King Streets.
to Styles of Gekiiib !
Boudoir nnd Promenade Photographs.
000 lw proprietor.
BY nn unmarried Portuguese who
speaks English well, understands
horses, and Is willing to do any kind of
work. Host refeicnco given. Apply to
M. A.,Goi!s.ilves & Co., 07 Hotel st.
JOHN A. PALMER will dlstiihuto
Also, assist In general ofuco work.
Ofllcc In Campbell's Block, Room 7, up.
COTTAGE TO LEASE.
LEASE FOR SALE AT EMMA ST.,
thico neat cottages on a deep lot,
lino gaulen and pleasant Miado tices.
Le.iso to inn II years at 2i a month for
entire picnilt-os. Is hilnglng In a lental
of 5.-. Will hell leaso for 8100 eah,
being tlio amount of improvements
ntado by tenant. Apply to
J. E. WISEMAN",
001 lw Gen. Easiness Agent.
THE PEOPLE'S WANTS.
READ J. E. WISEMAN'S LIST OF
Houses, Cottages, Rooms, iVc, to
lent In tho Morning Gtiitle news Items
published dally. 1)01 lm
GIHL OR WOMAN' FOR GEN
ERAL housework. Apply to
Comer Bcivtanla & Victoria sts.
G. II. ROBERTSON,
Drayman best teams
in town. Ofllcc, Queen st. 15
Tho Largest and Finest Assortment of
Fancy Baskets, Cornucopias,
Boxes, -See, &cc:
Suitable for New Year's Presents,
CAN 1H-: HAD AT
Steam Candy Factory, Bread and Cake Bakery,
No. 71 HOTEL- STREET.
Tho undersigned keeps always on
of all descriptions ; keeping a larger stock in his line of business than all
the rest of the establishments combined together.
Please call and convince yourselves.
AT P. HORN'S STEAM FACTORY,
71 HOTEL STREET.
GRAND CHRISTMAS SALE
Fancy Goods Emporium.
To make room for staple goods to arrive after
the holidays, Ave now announce that we will
sell our imhiense stock of Toys and Christmas
and Kew Year's Goods at GREATLY RE
Gall and select before
JOSEPH. E. WISEMAN,
Tho Only Recognized General Business Agent on tho Hawaiian Islands.
ISS'X'iVISL.ISIIlilD 1 870.
Offices in Campbell's Firo-proof Building, 27 Merchant St., Honolulu, H. I.
I'.O.BoxaiB : i : : Teloilioiio 173.
REAL ESTATE AGENT Buys nnd sells Real-Estate In all parts-of the King
dom. Heats Offices, Houses, Cottages and Rooms.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR WILDER'8 INTER-ISLAND STEAMERS-Tour
ists nnd tho Traveling Public will npply to mo for Tickets nnd Information to
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEW
YORK The Largest, Ginndcst nnd Soundest Institution of its kind In the
AGENT FOR THE GREAT BURLINGTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN AMERICA
This Route excels all other routes going East, tlio scenery being the grandest,
tho meals tho choicest and tlio Palace and Dining Cars tho hnndsomest und mopt
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Finds Employment for all locking work n. tlio vari
ous branches of Industry on the Islands.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CUT OF LONDON FIRE INSURANCE CO.
Tho best known Company in the Islands.
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKER Enters Goods at Custom House, pays and discharges
Freight nud Duty Bills under power of Attorney.
MONEY BROKER Loans Money nt all times on flrst-clnss securltly.
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENT Legal Papers of every description diawn. Bills
Distributed nnd Collected. Books and Accounts Jept and adjusted. Records.
Searched. Rents Collected. Taxes nnd Insuranco on Property looked after.
Copying nnd Engrossing done. Advertisements, Newspaper Articles, Corres
pondence and Commercial Business of every nature promptly and accurately
nt tended to.
AGENT FOR 'HIE NEW MUSIC HALL AT IIONOLULU-Companics abroad
will correspond with mo for terms, etc. Orders for Island Shells, Curios, Lava
Specimens, Native Views and Photos carefully filled and forwnrded to nil parts
of tho World.
E2T Information appertaining to the Islands given and all correspondence faith,
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN,
873 General Business Agent, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
DILLINGHAM & Co..
Importers & Dealers in Hardware & Agricultural Implements,
' Ets., Etc.. Etc.
Fence Wire and Staples, Kerosene Oil a specialty.
Paints, Varnishes, Turpentine,
House Furnishing Goods, Tinted Ware, &c., &c,
hand the greatest variety and largest
the best goods are gone.
KENNEDY & CO., Proprietors.
Etc., Etc., Etc.
.' r '