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BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hnwnlian Islalide.
Draw Exchango on tho
JBuulf ol CaUlbruln, S. IT.
And their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, MONO KONG.
Messrs. N. M.Rothschild &Sou, London.
The Commercial Bank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Bank Co., of Sydney,
The Hank of New Zealand: Aueklnnd,
't Chrlstchurch, nnd Wellington.
Tho Bank of BrllUh Columbia, Vic.
toiin, D. 0. nnd 1'oitliind, Or.
Transact a General Hanking Huslncss.
Iw gitUio .nU.dfon
PUdged to neither Beet nor Patty.
Bat established for the bonefit of ail.
TUESDAY, JAN. C, 188.1.
THIS EVENINC'S DOINGS.
Honolulu Rifles, 7:30.
Excelsior Lodge, I.O.O.F., '
Air. K. P. Adams will cll at 10,
at tho Keau premises, household fur
niture, &o. And at 12 uoon, lit the
store of Iloffschlnegcr & Co., nles,
wines, spirits, &c.
Yesterday's Advertiser contains a
comparative statement of the ex
ports of ' this Kingdom for tho past
two years, of which the following
arc the principal items:
Sugar, lbs. 142,031,023 114.107,1o5
Molasses, gals. 110.D30
Taddv, lb'. 40.224
Rice, lbs. it,49'J,000
Coffee, lbs. ' 4,231
Fungus, lbs. 2,217
Goat Skins, pes.
Betel leaves, bxs.
Calf skins, C3.
Sheep Skins, pe.
Dried Bananas, bxs
Total value, $7.0'
Upon the above
figures our capi-
economists may base
calculations bearing upon the all
important subject of the diversifica
tion of our industries. The list,
which includes all our principal ex
ports, it is Been, is very meagre in
view of the oft-declared possibilities
of our soil. A few more articles
added, and the production increnbed
of such of the above articles as it
pays to raise, would make up to the
country what it must lose if sugar
docs not start upward. Among the
very few articles which show an in
crease last year over the previous
one are sheep skins and wool, indi
cating progress in sheep raising, an
industry to which portions of the
land not very suitable for tho richer
sorts of crops arc peculiarly adapted.
Dried bananas arc a new product
and therefore all increase, and it is
to be hoped will figure largely in ex
ports of tho future. It will be ob
served that a variety of skins of
animals appears in the exports, but
none manufactured into leather.
"With the culture of trees yielding
tannin, a pronounced capability of
our soil, and water-power sites being
plentiful, raw hides and skins need
not be sent away, but should be
manufactured at home.
It is likely action on one side or
tho other will shortly follow (he con
ference on the currcucy being held
to-day between the Chamber of Com
merce committee nnd the Govern
ment. i'- Mr. Townscnd's able paper, the
greater portion of which wo publish
,)tp-dayj will, no doubt, be appre
ciated ns well by teachers who were
present at its rending as by thoso
who wcro not.
It appears that foreign artists arc
B'' t being attracted to the rich rcsourcos
I ,01 beauty and grandeur possessed by
these Islands. Originals or copies
R-"of all good pictures of Hawaiian lifo
and scenery ought to bo secured for
Ij. the-benefit of our own people ; if not
ai mo puuue expense, by private
.liberality. An Art Association
pwould be in order now to fiec to this
worki In tho mcnntltno perhaps the
Library Association could undertake
the effort to establish an art gallery.
The beginning would, of course, be
small, but the earlier it io made the
better in different ways.
PREPARATION FOR THE PRIMER.
It. S. Tonnicnd, 1'resMciit Teachers'
Fitness demands that the limo
given to this paper be devoted to the
discussion of the work to be done in
the primnry schools now In existence
in this kingdon; to the exclusion of
any direct discussion of that inesti
mable training which is given or
ought to be given in every kinder
garten. The schools of the Hawaiian
Islands are peculiar in more ways
than one. The fact that most of
them lire taught in a language
foreign to tho pupils, is scarcely
more note-worthy than the hetero
geneous character of the pupils
grouped together in one school. One
teacher is frequently required to
teach lcprcsentativcs of four or live
different nationalities and speakeis
of as many languages. It is the
methods of procedure in such schools
which will be discussed. Lot the
city teacher not think that I thus
restrict myself to a small, class of
schools. A large majority of the
country schools, if 1 mistake not,
are of this kind.
The most manifest preparation
required is a knowledge of the
language to be read. How should
this knowledge be given? How
much of it should precede the use of
books? The statement of the scope
of this discussion lias indicated
somewhat of my answer to the first
question. "Without wishing to moot
the question of the relative merits of
that method which begins with ex
ercises in translation and that which
begins with objects, I answer that
the latter is the only natural and
reasonable method to be pursued in
the schools here indicated. In say
ing this I think I run no risk of
contradiction. "Who will say that
teaching English by translation is
practicable in a school of beginners
who have no language in common ?
If, then, it is decided that the object
method is to be used, it only re
mains to discuss its application.
The modern world's great master
of the principles of instruction took
as his model an intelligent mother
teaching her children to walk, to
talk and to do the thousand and one
things which every sound child
should learn to do in the first few
years of his life. This is the proper
model for each teacher engaged in
this work to bear in mind. Time
being limited, it will be sufficient
for the present to consider the mo
ther's method of teaching her chil
dren to talk. The philosophic mind
of Pcstalozzi discovered that in
teaching her children Gertrude al
ways developed an idea before pre
senting the word which represented
it. She put the thing itself before its
symbol. This is a principle to be
followed out in the work under dis
cussion. Then let us proceed with
the mother as a model, and the idea
before -the word. What class of
words should be taught first ?
Answering this question in Yankee
fashion, What ideas are -naturally
and most easily developed lirst ? It
takes no philosopher to answer.
The individuality and identity of
objects. Then the words which ex
press these ideas, the names of ob-
jeets, should be taught first. This
is also in accord with our model.
And following that model into tho
details of the work, we observe that
tho mother does not teach her child
to say "apple," for instance, and
afterwards show it an apple to ex
plain the word learned. On the
contrary, she shows it the apple
lirst and then teaches it the name
afterwards. So should the teacher
present actual objects to the child,
and then teach him their names
while tho ideas arc vivid in his mind.
And it must be remembered that a
child learns but few things at any
ono lesson. If, from tho first, he
learns thoroughly one or two now
words each day ho is doing well.
Moreover, thoroughness for the child
includes accuracy of understanding
but not of pronunciation. It is as
unphilosopliical as it is unpractical
for a teacher to discourage a child
by constantly correcting mistakes
which ho is unable to appreciate or
avoid. After tho names of the
familiar objects to be scon have been
learned, pictures may be in,cd in tho
saino way, since they present to the
child's mind ideas next in vividness
to those presented by objects them
selves. In n similar way a few of
the simpler adjectives, verbs and
idioms such as It is, 1 sec, This is,
That is, etc., can be taught, while
tho vocabulary of nouns keeps
steadily increasing. These idioms
do not naturally come at the be
ginning of the child's knowledge of
n language. Thoughts cannot bo
presented to the senses. They be
long only to the mind. The occa
sion for them can be presented,
however, and nature is to be relied
upon to cause them to spring up in
the child's mind. These idioms (I
know of no better name for them)
are used to express thoughts, and
they must follow the development of
thought, though it is not developed
after the manner of simple ideas.
No child uses such expressions in
telligently until the thoughts are de
veloped, whether he is learning the
language from his. mother or from
his teacher. Such exercises should
be continued, of course, after the
primer is taken up.
(I'o be concluded in our next)
Editor Bui.lktik: What docs
the Daily Hawaiian imply by say
ing that "Mrs. Hampson speaks witli
a strong English accent?" Is it
complimentary to that lady's" diction
or otherwise? French spoken with
n foreign accent would imply defec
tive French, but French spoken with
a French accent is generally under
stood to mean the reverse, So Eng
lish spoken with an English accent
'should mean good English. Then
why must " the pronunciation of
some words seem queer to American
cars?" Do not educated Americans
speak English with an English ac
cent that is, correctly? And arc
not Ameiican ears familiar with the
proper pronunciation of English
words? According to educated
English people, and they certainly
ought to bo the best judges in a
matter of this nature, Mrs. Hamp
son's pronunciation of English is
almost faultless. In Sunday even
ing's discourse, occupying more
than an hour in delivery, probably
only one word gospel was pro
nounced slightly different from re
cognized authority. 1$. A.
Tiik'eu drunks in the Police Court
this morning had to leave $G each.
Jas. McKeague, for driving an ex
press waggon without a license, was
fined $3 and 1 costs. Keuai, a
policeman at Oahu prison, for assault
and battery on Chas. Abinda, was
fined $( with 3.20 costs. Yun
Chin Kco, charged with selling
opium contrary to law, was remand
ed until the 9th inst. Aiona, for
the same offence, was remanded un
til the 8th inst.
"Wednesday, January 7th,
At 10 n. m., at the Keau Premises,
King stiett, Palama, Lot No. 1,
will be sold, the
, As follows:
Upholstered Parlor Set,
Bed Lounge, Chair, Patent Hookers,
Mirrors, Rugs, Whatnots, Centre Table,
BLACK WALNUT MARBLE-TOF,
BED ROOM SET,
Hair Mattresses, Pillows, Mosquito
Nets, Wardrobe, Pino Bedsteads, Side
boards, Ico Chest, Ciockcry and Glass,
Stove and Kitchen Fnrniture.
E. P. ADAMS,
Ales, flies, Llnon
MANILA OIGAHS, AND
Wednesday, January 7th,
At IS noon,
At Uio Storo of Ed. Hoffschlacgcr & Co,,
On a Credit to the Trade.
A BLACK MARE, broken to saddle,
gentle and a flno trotter.
881 tf R APPLY THIS OFFICE.
AOKNT TO TAKE
Acknowledgments to Labor Contracts.
Ofllco with Mr. Flshbourne. 009 8m
At Palama. near Keformntorv
School, a comfortable cottage,
Isui rounded with shade trees.
Easy terms to n good tcnaut. Applv to
On the premises, or .1. E. Wiseman, 37
Merchant at,, Honolulu. 838
3fsA't Palama, near Reformatory
(WiwotrScIiooI, a nuwnnd commodious
Wa-rtacottngc. Suitable for a family.
Has never been occupied. Easy tonus
to a good tenant.
On the premises, or J. E. Wiskman, 27
Mcrchnnt st., Honolulu. 868
Colhiffe to X.et.
A Cottage, nearly new, with
two rooms, ami front and
back verandah, with water
laid on, standing m well-shaded arounds
near Knwalahao Church, will be tented
at a rcaouablc rale. Enquire of
902 tf S. B. DOLE.
X-volliiify lion no to Let.
iwa The premises now occupied
d&n&ni by .fudge McCullv, on Bcrc
BaSPiaiMa tanta street, in Kuloakahua,
will be rented after the 1st of February,
1885, at icasonable rates. The bouse is
commodious, and, the outhouses con.
vcnlenl. The grounds aro well planted
with trees and Mirub-j. Enquire of
802 tf S. B. DOLE.
Cottage to Ijct.
qMIE PREMISES KNOWN AS THE
i Swinton Premises adjoining tho
icMdenec of the late Henry May on
Bcrctania street. Possession given im
mediately. Applv to
008 tf Gov't Building.
3icw Cottage to liCt.
ANEW COTTAGE, corner of Pensa
cola nnd Kinnu streets; four rooms,
kitchen, bath and pantry. Water laid
on. Healthy locntlon. Terms reason
able. Enquire of
AV. O. ATWATER.
000 liiv Gov't Building.
rpwo FURNISHED ROOMS to let.
JL Apply No. 4 Garden Lane. 800 lw
JL' to MPS
TURNER, 73 Alakca
080 ly h
Building Lots for Sale.
SEVERAL building lots for sale or
rent at Kapalama, near the Nluhe
lcwai bridge, on the Ewa side of the
lane leading to Austin's estate. Easy
terms. Applv to W. C. ACHI.
Law office of'W. R. Castle. S37 tf
TY n young gjrl, a situation to do
JLf light house work, and
Apply at this office.
A YOUNG MAN, HAWAIIAN, DE
SIRES a situation in a Store,
Wholesalo preferred. Speaks English.
Is a good penman, and has had six
years business experience. Reference
given. Apply to
J. A. PALMER,
001 2w .General Business Agent.
ALL PERSONS HAVING accounts
against mo personally, or on ac
count of my draying business, aro re
quested to, present the same monthly
instead of quarterly as heretofore.
800 lni. GEO. II. ROBERTSON.
and after this date, Mr. J. E'.
Wiseman will take charcc-of mv
books, distribute and collect my bills
without exception. His receipt will be
GEORGE TROU6SEAU. M.D.
Honolulu, Nov. 21, 1884. 874 tf
after this date, Mr. Jno. A.
cr will attend to the distri
vy Palmer will attend
bution and collection of our entire ac
counts; his receipt will bo sufficient.
J. S. McGREW, M.D.
II. G. McGREW, M.D.
Honolulu, Jan. 1; 18S5. 008 2w
an unmarried Portuguese who
speaks English well, understands
horses, and is willing to do nny kind of
work. Best lefercnce given. Apply to
M. A. Gonsalvcs & Co., 07 Hotel st.
THE PEOPLE'S WANTS.
TEAD J. E. AVISEMAN'S LIST OF
rent in the Moniiu? Guide
The LafllBS' lair Dresser,
Has postponed his dcpartuie until
the lDth instant.
Ladies wishing his servicer will please
call or lcavo orders at
No. 31 RICHARDS STREET. ,
Notice is hereby given that all per.
sons found placing dead animals on tho
reef, attaching them to (lie harbor buoys
or depositing them where they may bo a
public nuisance, will bo prosecuted.
JOHN. II. BROWN,
Agent Board of Health.
Honolulu, Pec. SQth, 1884. 800 tf
Grand Clearing Sale;
Oi SATURDAY EYEIIIE-, January lOlh,
An Auction Snlc
At the Temple of Fashion, 61anfl63FortST.
As Large Shipments are on the way.
Lyons & Levey will
Large invoices of Goods (of. all descriptions) having been received by me, they
WILL BE SOLD AT LOWER PRICES,
Than the same quality of Goods can be purchased elsewhere in Honolulu, and
satisfaction guaranteed. Mv stock consists of all kinds of AMERICAN,
ENGLISH AND SYDNEY MANUFACTURE,
Saddles, Belts, Pouches, Leggings, Saddle Cloths, School Bags, &c,
Bits, Spurs and Stirrups, &c, in Nickel and Silver Plates.
The reputation or my HOME-MADE HARNESS for superiority of workmanship
and material remains uuchnllengcd,durlng my six years' residence here.
Thankful for the generous patronage of the past, its continuance and increase in
tho futtno is respectfully solicited at the old stand.
880 3m Corner of Fort and King streets, Honolulu, H. I.
- JOSEPH. E. WISEMAN,
The Only Recognized General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands.
DESX-AJSLISI-I1IHD 1 879.
Offices in Campbell's . Fire-proof Building, 27 Merchant St, Honolulu, H. I.
I. O. Box 31(5 : : : : Tclcplione IT'S.
IDE PA-ItTMElVTS :
REAL ESTATE AGENT Buys and sells Real Estate in all parts of the King
dom. Rents Offices, Houses, Cottages and Rooms.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR WILDER'S INTER-ISLAND STEAMERS-Tour
ists and the Traveling Public will apply to me for Tickets and information to
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEW
YORK The Largest, Grandest and Soundest Institution of its kind in the
AGENT FOR THE GREAT BURLINGTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN AMERICA
This Route excels all other routes going East, the scenery being the grandest,
the meals the choicest and the Palace and Dining Cars the handsomest and most
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Finds Employment for all seeking work in tho vari
ous branches of industry on tho Islands.
'SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON FIRE INSURANCE CO.
Tho best known Company in the Islands.
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKER Enters Goods at Custom House, pays and discharges
Freight and Duty Bills under power of Attorney.
MONEY BROKER Loans Money at all times on first-class securitiy.
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENT Legal Papors of every description drawn. Bills
Distributed nnd Collected. BooJs and Accounts kept and adjusted. Records,
Searched. Rents Collected. Taxes and Insurance on Property looked alter.
Copying nnd Engrossing done. Advertisements, Newspaper Articles. Corres
pondence and Commercial Business of every nature promptly and accurately
AGENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL AT HONOLULU-Companics abroad
will correspond with mo for terms, etc. Orders for Island Shells, Cuilos, Lava
Specimens, Native Views and Photos carefully filled and forwarded to all parts
of the World.
tST Information appertaining to tho Islands given and all coircspondenco faith,
JOSEPH E. WISEMAW,
873 Goneral Business Agent, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
DILLINGHAM & Co.
Importers & Dealers in Hardware & Agricultural Implements,
Ets., Etc., Etc.
Fciiuo Wire unci Staples, Korosone Oil a specialty.
Paints, Varnishes, Turpentine,
House Furnishing Goods, Plated Ware, &c., &c.
Have received ox Mariposa,
Swiss Cheese. Gala. Grapes & Pears,
Fine Cala Apples, Dried Figs, Smyrna Figs, Wild Hare, on ico;
Dried Cherries, Ficuch Prunes, Cala Fresh Roll Butter,
Pickled Roll Butter, Ciboh Extract Beef, i pints Chutney,
Eastern Oysters, in tin nnd shell; Fresh Cala Salmon, on Ice,
Qermea for breakfast, Capo Cod Cranberries,
And a lull lino of Fi-chIi (Staple Groceries.
Island Orders solicited. Telephono No', 310. P. O, Box 207,
will take place
at 7 o'clock.
conduct these sales.
The Corner Harness Store
to the Front !
Cultivators, - Jl!
Etc., Etc., Etc. ' 1
Spiced Lambs' Tongues, in small jars;
& LIbby's canvas covered dried Baof.
. s-,'.- yA
SMfw-V i . V