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TUKSDAY, JAN. 0, 1SS5.
THE MCADAM (MACADAMIZED) ROADS
The State of Illinois has no debt.
It is considering what shall bo dona
with the half a million dollars which
the Illinois Central Railroad pays
ovcry year into the State treasury.
The Chicago Tribune says, use it
to ninko good wagon roads. The
suggestion is a wise one, for good
roads promote civilization, good fel
lowship and good morals. Hut it i3
not every man, even though he limy
boa road-master, or even an engineer,
who knows how to build a good
wagon load. The beat roads ever
built, since the days of the old Rom
ans, arc those known as the MoAdain
MeAdam was an Amei ican w ho set
tled in Scotland, in 1783, and got
appointed a commissioner of loads.
He had a mania for road-building,
to which he devoted himself for six-and-twenty
years. His plan of road
making is described as follows in the
St. James's Gazette:
His leading principle was that a
road ought to be considered as an
artificial flooring, so strong and even
ns to let the heaviest vehicle pass
over it without impediment.
Then people began to hear with
wonder of loads thirty and forty feet
wide rising only tiiree inches in the
centre, and he propounded the ex
traordinary heresy, that a better and
more lasting road could be made
over the surface of a morass than
over solid rock.
Another of his easy first principles
was that the native soil was more re
sistant when dry than when wet.
As in reality it had to carry not
alone the traffic, but the road also,
it ought to be kept in a condition of
the greatest resistance ; that the best
way of keeping it diy was to put over
it a covering impervious to rain the
road, in fact.
The thickness of this covering was
to be regulated solely in relation to
its impcrviousness, and not at all as
to its bearing of weights, to which
the native soil was quite equal.
Instead of digging a trench, there
fore, to do away with the surface of
the native soil, he carefully respected
it, and raised the road sufficiently
above it to let the water run off.
Impermeability he obtained by
the practical discovery that stones
broken small, and shaken and pres
sed together, as by the traffic on a
road, rapidly settled down face to
face, and angle to angle, and made
as close a mass as a wall. Mankind
in general now believe that this last
is all that MeAdam invented ; the
rest is forgotten. That important
fraction of his discoveries is what
has given to us the verb to macadam
ize (" To pave a road with small
broken stones." ficeat), and to the
'French their nouns macadam,
("Norn d'nn pavagc inventc par un
Anglais. ' '-Jjtttrc,') macudamhaijc,
and the verb macadamiacr. If a man
is knocked down by an omnibus in
the middle of the boulevard, a Pa
risian bystander will uow-a-days say,"
"Jcl'aivutombersur le macadam."
Surprise followed surprise. Roads
which were mere layers of broken
stone, six, four, and even as little as
three inches in thickness, passed
through the worst winters without
breaking up, while, as the coachman
used to say, they "ran true" ; the
wheel ran hard upon them, it ran upon
Even in the breaking of stones
MeAdam made a revolution. He saw
that able-bodied men btanding up
with heavy hammers wasted the
greater portion of their strength.
He made his stone-breakers sit, so
that all the force of tho blows took
direct effect on the stone ; and the
result was that he found small ham
mers did tho work perfectly well,
and thus was able to confine it to old
men past hard labor, women, and
boys, which reduced the cost of the
broken stone, by one-half.
Tho size to which the stone should be
broken, he determined in a practical
way, by the area of contact of an
ordinary wheel with a smooth road.
This lip found to bo nbout an inch
lengthwise, and therefore ho lajd it
down thafastono which exceeds an
inch in any of its dimensions is mis
chievous," that is to say, that the
wheel in pressing on one end of it,
tends to lift the other end out of
' In piactico he found it simplest to
fix a we'ghtof six ounces, and his sur
veyors carried about scales to test the
largest stones in each heap,
Ho would allow no largo stones
even for the foundation of his roads,
for ho found they constantly worked
upward by the pressure and vibra
tion of the tralllc. The whole road
was small broken btoncs, even over
A SKILFUL SURGICAL OPERATION.
Tho American Ambassador at Vienna,
Mr. Kasson, has lately foi warded to his
Government an interesting account of a
remarkable Fiirglcal operation lately
pei formed by Professor Billroth, o'f
Vienna, which, wonderful to tell, con
sistcd In llic removal of a portion
of the human stomach, Involving
nearly one-third of tho organ ami.
strange to ay, the patient recovered
-the only sui restful operation of the
kind evof performed. The disease for
which this operation was performed
was cancer of tlto stomach, attended with
tlto follow big svinptoms: Tho appetite
is quite pool. '1'1'icio la a peculiar hide,
ciibablodistioss In the stomach, u feel,
big that liaa been dc-cUbcd ni a faint
"ttlgvie" sensation; a sticky sllnio col.
loots nbotil the teeth, especially In tho
morning, necoinp.uiicd by an unpleasant
taste. Tood fails to batisfy this peculiar
faint sensation ; hut, on the contrary, it
appears to aggravate the feeling. Tho
ejes nre sunken, tinged with yellow; the
hands and feet become cold and sticky
a cold perspiration. Tho sufferers feel
tired nil tho time, and sleep docs not
seem to glc rest. After a time tho pa.
tient become nervous and irritable,
gloomy, lili mind illicit with evil fore-boding-.
AVhcn rising suddenly fiom
a lecumhenl position thcio is a dizziness,
a whistling sensation, and he is obliged
to gi.isp something llrm to keep fiom
falling. Tho bowels costive, the tkin
dry and hot at times; tho bloou bcconi
big thick and stagnant, and docs not
cbciilito pioperly. After a time the
patient spits up lood soon nftcr eating,
sometimes In a sour and fermented con.
dltion, sometimes sweetish to the lasto.
Oftentimes there la a palpitation of the
heart, and tho patient fears he ni.iy have
heart disease. Towards tho last the
patient is unable to retain any food
whatever, as the opening in tho bites,
tines becomes clo-eil, or nearly so. Al
though this dlsc.ibo is indeed alaiming,
sull'cicis with the above named sjnip
tonis should not feel neivous, lor nino
hundred and ninety-nine cases out of a
thousand have no 'cancer, but simply
dyspepsia, n disease easily lcmovcd if
treated in a proper mnnnei. .The safest
and best remedy for the disease is
Scigel's Curative S 1 up, a vcgetahlo pre.
paration sold by all chemists and medi
cine vendors thioughout tho world, and
by tho proprietors, A. .T. White (Limit
ed), 17, Fnrrlugdou.ioad, London, E. C.
This Syrup strikes at thociy founda
tion of the disease, and drives it, root
and bianch, out oi tho .system.
St. Mary-street, l'clcrboiotigh,
November, 20th, 1SS1.
Sir, It giv'es mo gieat pleasmc to in.
foi in you of the benefit 1 have lcccived
from Scigel's Syrup. I have been troub
led for years with dyspepsia; hut after
a few doses of the syrup, 1 found relief,
and after taking two bottUsof it I feel
1 am, Sir, yours truly,
Mr. A. J. White. William Brent.
September Sth, 1S83.
Deal Sii, I find the sale of Scigel's
Syrup steadily increasing. All who have
tried it speak veiy highly of its mod I.
child virtues: one customer describes it
as a "God-send to dyspeptic people." I
always recommend it with confluence.
(Signed) Vincent A. Wills,
Chemist-dentist, Mcithyr Tydvll.
To Mr. A. .1. White,
Scigel's Operating Fills aic the best
family physic that has ever been dis
covered. They cleanse the bowels from
nil irritating substances, and leave them
in a healthy condition. They cm e cos
tivencss. Spanish Town, Jamaica, AVcst Indies,
Oct. 2 1,1 SSI
Dear Sir, I wiite to Infoim you that
I have derived great bencllt from
"Scigel's Syrup." For some years I have
suffered from liver complaint, w ilh its
many and vaiied concomitant evils, so
that my life was a peipctual mlsciy.
Twelve months ago I was induced to try
Scigel's Syiup, and although lather
t-ceptical, liaviug tiied so many reputed
infallible lemedies, I determined to give
it at least a fair trial. In two or three
days I felt considerably better, and now
at the end of twelve months (having
continued taking it) 1 am glad to say
that I am a different being altogether.
It is mid of ccitain pens that they "conio
as a boon and a blessing to men" and I
have no reason to doubt the truthfulness
of the statement. 1 can truly say, how
ever, that Scigel's Syi up has como as a
"boon and a blessing" to me. I havo re
commended it to scvcial fellow-suffeicis
from this distiessing complaint, and
their testimony is quite in accordance
with my own. Gratitude for tho benefit
I havodeiivcd from the excellent pic
paiatinn, prompts mo to furnish you
with this unsolicited testimonial.
I am dear Sir,
Youis ever gratefully,
(Signed) Carey B. Bcriy,
A. .1. White, Esq. Baptist Misslonaiy,
' l'reslou, Sept. 21st, 18S3.
My Dear Sir, Your Syrup and Pills
arc still very popular with my customers,
many saying they are tho best family
The other day a customer came for
two bottles of Syrup and said "Mother
Scigcl" had bftved tho life of his wife,
and ho added, "ono of these bottles I'
nm sending fifteen miles away to a friend
who is veiy 111. I buvo much fath in it."
Tho sale keeps up wonderfully, In fact,
one would fancy almost thut tho people
wcio belnnliic to bicakfast, dine, and
sup on Mother Seigul's Syiup, tho dc
maml is so constant and the satisfaction
1 nm, dear Sir, v ouis faithfully,
(Signed) W. Bow her.
To A. J. White, Esq.,
Ilensinghaih, Whitehaven, Oct. 10, 1882
Mr. A. J. White. Dear Sir,! was
for soino time allllctcd with piles, and
was advised to give Mother Scigel's
Syrup a trial, which I did. lain now
happy to statu that It has restored mo
to complete health. I icinain, yours
. (Signed) John II, Lightfoot.
705 ly a
PAPER-RULER nnd BLANK-BOOK
Book Binding of all description neatly
nnd promptly executed.
Gazette Building . . Mcrchant.strcct
J. I. OAT, JR. & COIS
By Jack Malonc, ho by Lexington.
1st dam, Ivy Leaf, bv imported Austra
lian; 2nd dam, Bay Flower, by Lexing
ton; tfrd dam, Bay Leaf, by Imported
Yorkshire; 4lh dam, Imported Alalia
Black, by 1'hllo da Putih, etc., etc.
ltnzmu' was bicd at tho great Wood
burn Farm, near Lexington, Ky., by the
bite It. A. Alexander, and was sold to
W. L. Piltchnrd, of Sacramento, Cil.,
for $5,001". Ho t-tands lOK hands,
weighs 1,0GT lbs., and Is n bright chest
nut color. Dining his lacing career he
downed many n favorite, and won many
a hatful of money for bis owners, anil
piovcd himself one of the greatest of
lioises over a, distance, most of his races
being at two and four miles. Ho has
nbc.uly shed scvci.il colls in California
that arc wiimcis, among which aic
Liz.io Dimbir, Young Bazaar, Sophia,
and another called the Bazaar Minerva
Colt, be being out of Mineiva by Im
poited Leamington, the she of Poiolo
nnd Iroquois. Llzlo Duubai greatly
distinguished herself last year in her
two-year-old form by defeating ono of
tho largest fields ot two-year-olds that
ever stinted in California, among which
were tho two beautiful fillies brought
hero last Spring by Mr. Agnew, distance
mile; time, 1.0 the fastest timo on
lecord for two-year-olds at the distance.
This year she has won several impoitaut
events, and has proved herself to be a
Jtnztim has now been brought back
to Honolulu, and will remain here the
balance of this year, and breeders, horse
owners and stock raisers should avail
themselves of the opportunity to obtain
his services while they have tho chance.
Terms, 810. Payable .at time of
The Imported Clydesdalo Stallion
Ioimll Diimic, Jr., will stand at
the same time and place at 830 for tho
season. lie was bred in Canada, bircd
by Impoitcd Donald Dinnic, ami out of
an impoitcd Clydesdale marc. Ho is a
beautiful dapple grey, 10 hands high,
and weighs 1 ,400 lbs.: is very active,
and as line a large horse as could bo
Also, the line large Impoitcd Ken
tucky Jack (tiiiisoii. This is one.
of the laigest Jacks that wc could find
in California, and is an animal of im
mense bone j is a very sure breeder, and
should bo liberally patronized, as ho is
one of the very best animals of his
kind. Terms, SjiJJO for tho season.
The public arc cordially invited to
call and inspect the above animals.
Marshficld, Sept. 15, 1884. 818 t(
CONTRACTOR & BUILDER
Shop on Queen street, near Alakea.
VJT Horso Shoeing a specialty'
A first-class man being specially engaged
for that work.
Ship and Wagon work faithfully
Shop on the Esplanade, op. noppcr's.204
70 Hotel Street.
Best Manila, Havana and American
Cigars on Hand.
Fresh Vanity Fair, Little BeautiesGold
Bar, Threo Kings nnd tho Pc't
Chowing and Smoking Tcbaoeo,
- Cut Foil and Plug.
Tho Billiard Tables of this establish
ment havo been recovered and
levcltd, which makes them
tho best In town.
Gingor Ale and Soda Water on Ico.
C2T Call and seo me. "a
No, Oil Hotel street,
Opposito International Hotel,
Canes and "Walking Sticks,
Made of every kind of
Brackets, Cornices, Curtain Poles, &c.'
mado of tho latest designs.
Stallions at wmm
JjMiVos Honolulu rmnli Tnnnrint, nt.
4 n.m., touching at Lahalna, Mnn
laca Bay, Makenn, Mnhukonn, Kn
walliae, Laupaboeboo and llllo.
Iteturnlng, will touch nt nil tho
nloo ports, arriving at Honolulu
each Saturday afternoon.
To the Volcano and Back.
'Intcv-IslniMl S. X. Co.
THROUGH TICKETS to tho Volcano,
and return, can now bo had at the ofllco
of tho llntcr-Island S. N. Co. Tourists
leaving Honolulu per tlmo table of tho
" PLANTER," will bo lauded nt Puna
bin, thence by Railroad toPahala, whero
Horses and Guides will bo in attendance.
By this rout. Tourists enn mako tho
round trip In 7 days, giving 4 days to
visit the Volcano.
TICKETS FOR THE HOUND TRIP.
Including Horses, Guide, Board ami
For fuitlicr paitlculars enquire at the
ofllco of the
Infer-Inland S. X, Co.,
or J. F. JORDAN, Volcano House.
FOR KOLOA & WAIMEA,
The Clipper Schooner
F. Kibbling, ... - Master,
Will run regularly to tho ports of
KOLOA, IIANAPliPE & WAIMEA,
KAUAI. For fi eight or passage apply
to the Captain on board, or to the
Pacific Navioation Co.,
800 3m Cor. Nuunuu & Queen sis.
THK FAST BAIWNO
"SB will run inrrulnrlv
TO WAIALUA EVERY MONDAY,
Returning on Thursday, weather
For freight or passage apply to tho
Captain on board, or to
Pacific Navigation Co.,
.For San Francisco.
Goodman, : : Captain.
Will sail for the above port on or about
January 1st, 1885. For freight or pass
age apply to the.
PACIFIC NAVIGATION CO.
IE & CO.
Have a Large Stock of the
Which is offered at Low est Market Prices
Delivered Free to any pari of tho City
AGENTS FOS THE
Pacific Mutual Life Insuranco Co.
Agents for"tho Hoover Telephone.
Telephone No. 147. . 70C
CHAMPAGNE CIDER .
A PURE, WHOLESOME, RE
According to the highest and best medi
Manufactory, : : : No. 13 Liliha St.',
P. O. Box, 370. Telephone, 281.
8"A11 orders receive prompt attention.
LG. H. ROBERTSON,
Drayman best, teams
Ofllee, Queen St. 15
Tie Daily Bulletin
Bills of Lading
C. BREWER & CO.
Offloi foi Sal
LIST OF MERCHANDISE,
Light Express Wagons,
Ex Top Carriages.
STEAM C OAL.
Com. Wood Chairs,
Fine Mohmscs Shonks,
Ice Chests, Nos, 2, 8, and 5,
Lobstcis, llbtns; Beans, 31b)tns
Hay Gutters, Nos. 1, 2, & 3.
Falrbank's Scales, Nos. 7,8,10 &11
Ccntilfugal Lining, 14 inch;
Coinp. Nails, 1J-6, 144 inch.
Manila Cordage, Assorted:
Gnlvunizcd Fcnco Staples,
FARMERS BOILERS 20 AUD 25 BALLS,;
Sisal Rope, Assorted,
Y. jSIETAIj SHEATHING
10, 18, 120, !J2, 24 nnd 20 oz.;
Hair Mattresses !
Grindstones, Rubber Hose,
Hide Poison, Barbed
Wire, Refined Iron,
ANNEALED FENCE WIRE,
Galvanized Screws and Washers.
IF YOU WANT
Photograph Albums, Autograph Albums
Toy Books, etc., go to
J. M. OAT, JR., & CO.
And talk CASH and you will probably
get them as cheap,
IIT NOT CHEAPER
Than at some of the stores where they
advertise to give goods away.
DON'T FORGET I DON'T FORGET I
J. M. OAT, JR., & CO.
8SS 25 MERCHANT STREET. tf
WENNER & CO.
OS FOKT STREET,
Havo on hand New Foreign and Homo
Watohes, Bracelets, Necklets,
Pins, Lockets, Clocks,
And Ornaments of all kinds.
Silver and Gold Plate.
Elegant Solid Silver Tea Sets
Suitable for Presentation.
KiiirravInK anil Xatlvo Jewelry
Repairing in all its branches.
3T Sole Agents for King's Eyo Prasirvors.
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron "Worker
Plumber, Gas Fitter, &c:
Stoves, and Ranges
of all kinds.
Plumbers' stock and metals,
House Furnishing Goods,
77 Chandeliers, Lamps, &o.
Jot Printing Office,
Business Directory $v
E.P.Adams Queen st
Lyons & Lovcy, Queen st
Alvln II. Rnscniaim....Ga7ctte Building
Bishop & Co i .Mcichrtnt st
W. McCandlcss Fish Market
lloot ami HIiocm.
L. Adlcr, Nuunnu st
Chr. Gcrtz, Foi t st
Temploof Fashion Eoil st
Nolle Fort st
McCarthy Hotel st
Gousnlvcs & Co . Hotel tt
Temple of Fnshion Foil st
W. Miller, Hotel st
Lycuu&Co., Fort st
W. ,11. Page,"" Foit st
Hawaiian Carriage Co., Queen st
Clears and Tobacco.
C. McCarthy Astor Bill lard S aloon
Noltcs Beaver Saloon Fort st
Flshci's Champagne Older,. ...Llliha st
Candy Knctory'tiiiil Jlnkcr.v.
F. Horn Hotel st
Cnrpcntci'M and Itulldcrs.
F. Wllhelm, King st
G. Lucas, iFort st
WT Rhoads , Queen st
Dry nnd Fancy UoodH.
N. S. Sachs Fort st
J. T. Watcrhouse, Queen st
J. T. Watcrhouse, King st
J: T. Watcrhouse, Fort st
B. F. Elders & Co., Fort st
M. A. Gonsalvcs & Co, Hotel st
Temple of Fashion Fort st
Benson, Smith & Co., Fort s,t
Holllster & Co Nuunnu st
HoIllster& Co '. Fott st
Droyago and Cni-tagc.
Frank Hustace, '. Queen st
G. Robinson : Queen st
Mrs. Turner King st
Fire Insurance Agents.
H.Rlcmcnschneidcr,..at Wilder & Co's.
C. O. Bcrgcr, . .'. Mcichant st
cnt's Furnishing GoodH.
Ehlcrs & Co., Fort st
N. S. Sachs, Foitst
Gonsalvcs & Co., Hotel st
H 8 Tregloan Fort & Hotel sis
OroccrlCH nnd Provisions.
A. S. Clcghorn & Co Queen st
Wolfe & Edwards, . . .Fort & Nuuauu stt
Lewis & Co., Hotel st
Horso Shoeing Shops.
Wilson Bros Fort st
Hay and Feed Stores.
Wolfe & Edwards....King & Nuuanu sis
Union Feed Co., Queen st
Laine & Co Fort st
G. E. Sherman Kingst
Dillingham & Co Fort st
J. T. Watcrhouse, Queen st
Importers tit. Com. Merchants.
G. W. Macf arlanc it Co Fort st
O. Brewer & Co Queen st
Lyons & Levey, Queen st
M. S. Grinbauni & Co., Queen st
W. G. Irwin & Co Fort st
A. S. Cloghorn & Co., Queen st
J. T. Watcrhouse Queen st
Frecth & Peacock Nuuanu st
Castle & Cooke King st
WingWoTai iS: Co Nuuanu st
C. O. Bcrger, Merchant st
Hynian Bros Merchant st
Wcnnsr & Co Fort st
J jab or Agents.
W. Auld Water Works Office '
J. A. Hassinger, Interior Office
W. C. Aknna Kingst
Lowers & Cooke, Fort st
Wilder & Co Fortst
Millinery nnd Dress Making.
Mrs. A. M. Mollis .....F.ortst
Dr. Emerson Kukui st
J. M. Oat Ji . & Co., Merchant st
Plumbers and I'alntcrs.
E.C.Howe,. ... Kingst
Brown & Phillips Kingst
J. Nott, Kaahumanu st
Max Kohm, Fort st
Williams & Co. Fortst
Tuning A. Musical Instruments.
Lycan & Co., Fort st
Noltcs Beaver Saloon, Fort it
Windsor Restaurant, King st
Casino Kapiolanl Patk
Tourist's Retreat,. Honuapo.Knu, Hawaii
Ileal Estate Agents.
J. E. Wiseman Merchant st
A. S. Hartwell, over Bank
J. M . Davidson Kaahumanu st
A. Rosa Gov't Building
W. A. Whiting, Kaahumanu st
J. Russell Merchant st
S. B. Dole Kaahumanu st
F. M. Hatch,... Knahumaun st
R. F. BIckerlon, Merchant st
Cecil Brown, ... .Merchant st
J. M. Monsairat, Merchant st
T. W. Rawlins King st, Loleo
J- M. Oat Jr. 4X5 Co Merchant st
J. M. Oat & Co., Queen st
Pierco & Co Queen st
J. Nott, Kaahumanu st
II. S. Tregloan Foi t st
Intcr.Island S. N. Co., Esplanade
Wilder's 8. 8. Co., Fort & Queen sts
Pacific M S S Co Foit & Queen sts
O. S. S. Co Foit & Queen st
Pacific Navigation Co,, Queen st
A T Baker Punchbowl & Queen sis
J Biodio.. Fort st
Wood mid Coal Dealers,
Frank Hustace,v Queen st
"IVIuch and Spirits,
G. W. Macfnrhino & Co.,.Knahumann it
Freeth & Peacock, .Nuuanu st
Brown & Co Merchant st
Wcaner & Co., Fort st
1 r' ,
r ' ' ' ' W I