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BISHOP & 0o. BACKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Exchange on the
JBunlv ol Oalll'uriiln, S. XT.
And their agents In
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONQ.
Messrs. N. M. Rothschild &Son, London.
The Commercial Bank Co., ot Sydney,
The Commercial Bank Co., or Sydney,
The Bank of Now Zealand: Auckland,
Chrislohurch, and Wellington.
The Bank ot British Columbia, Vic
lorlti, B. 0. and Portland, Or.
Transact a General Banking Business.
Fledged to neither Beet not Tarty.
Bat 03taMlshod far the bsnoSt of all.
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 7, 1885.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Onhu Lodge, No. 1 K. of P. 7:30..
Bethel Prayer Meeting, nl 7 :30.
Fori St. Church, Prayer Electing
St. Andrew's Cathedral, usual
Regular Cash Sale, at Sales Room
of Lyons & Levey at 10 o'clock.
Matters of temporary moment
have intervened to break the connec
tion of our discussions of
politics. Some have
the standard of statesmanship set up
in our last article upon this subject
was too high for the politics of such
a country as this. Objectors ought
to demonstrate, then, that the dilll
culties of governing this country, as
it requires to be governed to produce
the best results, arc less formidable
than we have represented them to
be. Having touched upon the work
laid out for the coming Hawaiian
statesman, and rough-sketched a
standard of the requirements he
must possess, let us now come to
the question of how lie is to be pro
duced. There arc two ways in which
he may be expected to come upon
the scene of action, and both ways
combined will in due time form a
thoroughfare by which a full supply
qf his kind will tread onward to
noble service. The statesman for
whom the country waits may
be even now fully equipped
and unconsciously biding the most
opportune time to come forth and
lead the people who, sighing for
better things in Hawaiian politics,
arc waiting to be led on to them.
Such a leader may be now within
the kingdom, or he may never yet
have sot foot upon our coral strand.
Yet history is a blind guide, if an
intelligent, ,wcll-uicnning and freedom-loving
people cannot expect a
master-deliverer from whatever sort
of thraldom may oppress them, be
fore all their aspirations for free
and joyous nationality arc crushed
out. The thraldom that the Hawa
iian people, of diverse origin, groan
under is that of humbug if anyone
can give a better name for it let him
do so. One set of rulers displace
another by convicting it of actions
that arc perpetuated,' in some in
stances, aggravated in form and
magnified in degree, by the adminis
tration established upon the grave
of the superseded one. On the
other hand, some we hope a very
few of those in opposition to the
Government of the day are so indis
criminate in their antagonisms as to
cause people to suspect the disinter
estedness of their motives. Not
only blind to any wisdom or merit
evinced by the Ministry, they go out
of their way to the extent of injuring
the country's interests for the pake
Vf getting in blows at Ministers. Of
such behavior is the giving of sup
port to a foreign claim for damages
against this Kingdom, the same as
if those doing so were given a re
taining fee by the mighty Empire,
the plaintiff in the case, to nssist her
lawyers in making out her case.
, ,'Also, the representing of the country
as a vast lazar house, which to walk,
eat or sleep in exposes the daring.
traveller to danger of contracting a
, 'horrible plague, whose only turning
3' point is death at the end of a long
and melancholy lane.
Again, among people of motives
good, bad tmd indifferent, who pro
fess a desire for improvement in
national affairs, thcic are mutual
dislikes, suspicions and jealousies,
hopelesajy paralyzing every patriotic
impulse and blasting every incentive
Id exertion for the common ftood.
Is there not a great deal of'humbng
in all this, and would it not be wiser
for the recognized lending spirits of
the pally to endeavor to lemovo it,
rather than to show petty resentment
to the newspnpers that point it out?
A long-resident gentleman, who has
taken an able part in public discus
sion in the press, lately rnmarked to
us, in effect,- "If those people do
not coinc to an understanding among
themselves as to leaders and policy,
the next thing they will know some
able man, not now in the foreground
of politics, will lisc up nud, declaring
a clear mid sensible policy, carry
the whole people with him and lenvo
all the wrangling politicians in the
That is one of the very possibili
ties toward which wc feel justified,
from what has been seen in other
countries, in assuming an expectant
attitude, provided present would-be
leaders do not come to a common
understanding. When such a leader
comes to the front, and rallies the
best elements of the nation under a
banner of common-sense and sound
principle, it may be confidently ex
pected that the other way, men
tioned above, will be opened up for
the production of statesmen. As
like produces like, so the statesman
like atmosphere that would be
created by the breath of a capable
leader of the people, would be one
in which statesmen would breed and
thrive. There is no need, however,
to wait for the great leader to come
forth of his own accord. He may
be developed, and an air of true
patribtism be disseminated through
out the land, now, if the free, un
trammelled, sincere and earnest
well-wishers of this nation confer
together, sink their petty differences,
agree ujpon what the country needs
and determine that it shall be pro
vided at all costs.
Col. Thompson is preparing a
digest of Hawaiian law, which is
very much needed. Let us hope the
Government will not interdict its
publication. It really seems as if
our rulers did not wisli to have the
public acquainted with the law of
the land, from their conduct in with
holding the last Session Laws from
the newspaper ofllccs. True, they
were published in straggling fashion
in two newspapers, but the least that
is due to the press is a bound copy
of the laws for each ollice. It is not
too much to say that the press has
had as much to do in giving final
form to some of the statutes as most
of those whose voices gave them
birth in the Legislature.
A fresh piojeot for starting a
bathing place in the harbor has been
announced by our evening contempo
rary. It seems someone is ready to
take action, whenever sufficient
financial encouragement is given
him. There is no greater blank in
the local requirements of healthful
recreation than this one. The pre
sent resort for bathers has the
serious drawbacks of sharks in the
water and exposure to the weather
out of it. Probably the quickest
way to get proper bathing conven
iences is to form a swimming club,
which would have a good revenue
from membership fees and could
scarcely appeal to public liberality
in vain. A dozen strong swimmers,
by putting their wet heads together,
ought to be able to get up a big
meeting of nil interested, to dovisc
action in the matter.
PREPARATION FOR THE PRIMER.
If. 8, TouiihciuI, I'lcitlilent ToncliiTi.'
Having thus thoroughly learned
about one hundred words, the child
may profitably begin reading. But
it is not best to have him begin with
a book. Ho knows very few words ;
and the llrst les&ons iu the primers
are not adapted to his small vocabu
lary. Indeed it is not possible to
adapt n book to the use of all classes,
and I am not sure that it is desirable.
Let each pupil have a slate perma
nently ruled, and tho teacher have a
black-board similarly ruled and con
veniently placed. Having been for
some time in school, the children all
know that written characters may
represent words as words represent
ideas. The teacher holds up or
points out some familiar object, say
a hat, and asks what it is j and tho
answer a hut is of course ready.
She then writes onthe black-board
n hat Iri a ptalh hand, and explains
to the children that the written and
spoken word both represent the
object before thctn. It is well that
tho object, the spoken word and the
written word all be tscd in llicso
first lessons in reading. Having
learned these two written words
(for the article should accompany
tho noun) let tho children write
them. Their first efforts will be far
from perfect. But the teacher should
not be discouraged. If the childien
nrc disheartened it will be through
tho teacher's want of patience nioic
likely than through their own
falluies. "Who docs the best he
can, docs well," is n motto to be
planted in the Hearts of teachers and
children. After a few names are
written and learned, the simple
idioms may be taken up. When
one idiom is learned, the children
may be allowed an exercise in inven
tion. Suppose they have learned
it is in the sentence, It is a hat.
Let thctn make new sentences, using
the other nouns already learned.
With five idioms and twenty nouns
a hundred sentences can be made.
Each new word will add a number
of now sentences. In selecting the
words to be taught the teacher should
have in view the book to be used
first. When the children can write
about two hundred sentences they
arc ready to begin using n good
primer, such as Swinton's. Again,
these exercises are to bo continued
with the primer. It is not necessary
to speak hero of the various ways
of making these exercises interest
ing. The advantages claimed for
this method of beginning are, a dis
tinct knowledge that all words have
meanings, an understanding of the
words read, a habit of leading undcr
standingly, a habit of spelling cor
rectly, and the training of the hand
in early school-days. It is not
claimed that these objects cannot be
attained otherwise, but that this is
the most natural and easiest way to
gain these ends.
I said at the first of this paper
that a knowledge of English is the
most manifest preparation required.
So the most manifest result of the
training here described is a know
ledge of English. Children them
selves see this result. But the most
prominent is not always the best.
The barren hill is often more promi
nent than the fertile valley at its
base. The teacher should see other
results even more important though
less conspicuous. She should sec
habits of attention and concentration
formed, the perceptive faculties
developed, memory exercised, early
efforts of reason stimulated, and
habits of industry inculcated practi
cally. The same ends should be
served by other exercises of the
school notably those in numbers.
But it is not my purpose to discuss
other matters than those directly
connected with preparation for the
primer. I will only say iu conclu
sion that the educational results of
"which I spoke are a preparation alike
for the primer and for life.
A special cablegram to New York
from London, Dec, 7th, lias the
following: Tho sinister face of
communism shows itself again in the
news from Paris. There has been a
long period of short work, or no
work at all. The wages have been
starvation wages, .while to this evil
have been added tho:fui'tuer ones of
the .cholera visitation and an "un
usually cold winter. The unbalanced
minds of those who live in the slums
of Paris arc, in truth, affected now
somewhat as they were fourteen
years agy, during the days of tho
terrible siege. Disturbances seem
to be in the very air. Indeed, tho
feeling in Paris is that almost any
thing disastrous is likely to happen
any day. The political harlequinade
of the Ministry and Parliament
during the week just ended added to
this general sense of restlcsslcss,
and the action of sister cities, like
Lyons, Bordeaux and Marseilles,
in protesting against the coming
grain tax, has heaped fuel on the
flames of discontent among tho
people. In Paris the sentiment
against tho wasteful and foolish
Chinese war "is ilercc among the
workingmen, and the cry againsfrthe
tax on bread conies at a moment
when tho public only needs such a
cry to carry it away into violence.
Should Paris escapo tho threatened
bloodshed during the next few weeks
the surprise will be ns great as the
AOEXT TO TAKK
Acknowledgments to Labor Contracts.
Ofllco with Mr. Fi3hbournc. 009 8m
" TO LET.
At Pnlama, near Kcfonnutory
bciiooi, a comforlauio cottage,
'surrounded with shade trees.
Eaxy terms to a good tenant. Apply to
On the premises, or .1. E. Wiseman, 27
Merchant si,, Honolulu. 838
At Palama, near Reformatory
School, a now and commodious
IcottaKC. Suitable for a family.
Has never been occupied. Easy terms
to a good tenant.
On Ihc premises, or J. E. Wisuman, 27
Merchant St., Honolulu. 888
Ooting'o io 3L.et.
A Cottage, nearly now, with
two rooms, and front and
back verandah, with water
laid on, standing in well-shaded grounds
near Kawalahao Church, will be rented
at a reasonable rate. Enquire of
002 tf S. 13. DOLE.
Dwelling XXouho to H.et.
Tho promises now occupied
by Judge McCully, on Bcrc
tanla street, in Kuloakahua,
will be rented after the 1st of February,
1885, at reasonable latcs. The house is
commodious, nud the outhouses con
venient. The grounds nro well planted
with trees and shrubs. Enciuiro of
002 If S. B. DOLE.
Cottage to Ijct.
THE PREMISES KNOWN" AS THE
Swlnton Premises adjoining the
residence of the late Henry May on
Beietania street. Possession given im
mediately.' Apply to
003 tf Gov't Building.
New Cottage to Jjd.
ANEW COTTAGE, corner of Pensn.
cola and Iitiau streets; fourrooms,
kitchen, bath t and pantry. Water laid
on. Healthy location. Terms leason
nblc. Eunuirc of
W. O. ATWATER,
00G 2v Gov't Building.
"UVO FURNISHED ROOMS to let.
Apply No. Garden Lane. 800 lw
FOR GENTLEMEN ONLY. Apply
to MRS. TURNER, 72 Alakca
street COO ly b
Building Lots for Sale.
SEVERAL building lots for sale or
rent at Knpalama, near' the Niuhe
lewni bridge, on the Ewa side of the
lane leading to Austin's estate. Easy
terms. Apply to W. C. ACHI,
Law office of W. R. Castle. 887 tf
BY a young girl, a situation to do
light house work, and take care
of children. Apply at this ollice.
A YOUNG MAN, HAWAIIAN, DE
SIRES a situation in a Store,
Wholesale preferred. Speaks English.
Is a good penman, and lias had six
years business experience. Reference
given. Apply to
J. A. PALMER,
01 2w General Business Agent.
ALL PERSONS HAVING accounts
against me personalty, or on ac
count of my draying business, are re
quested to present the same monthly
instead of quarterly as heretofore.
890 lm. GEO. H. ROBERTSON.
and nftcr this date, Mr. J. E.
Wiseman will take charce of mv
books, distribute and collect my bills
without exception. His receipt will be
GEORGE TROUSSEAU. M.D.
Honolulu, Nov. 31, 1834. 374 tf
ON and after this dale, Mr. Jno. A.
Palmer will attend to tho distri
bution and collection of our entire ac
counts; his receipt will bo sufficient.
J. S. McGREW, M.D.
II. G. McGREW, M.D.
Honolulu, Jan. 3, 1885. 003 2w
BY an unmarried Portuguese who
speaks English well, understands
horses, und is willing to do any kind of
work. Best referenco given. Apply to
M. A. Gonsalvcs & Co., 57 Hotel st.
THE PEOPLE'S WANTS.,
READ J. E. WISEMAN'S LIST OP
Houses. Cottaeres. Rooms. &c. to
rent in tho Morning Girftr news items
published daily. 001 lm
Tie Mies' Hair Dresser,
Has postponed his departure until
the lGtli instant.
Ladles wishing ltis services will please
call or leave orders at
No. 31 RICHARDS STREET.
Notice is hereby given that nil per.
sons found placing dead animals on tho
reef, attaching them to tho harbor buoys
o'r depositing them whcio they may be a
public nuisance, -111 lo prosecuted.
JOHN II. BKOWN,
Agent Board of Health.
Honolulu, Dec. 20th, 1881, 800 tf
Grand Clearing Sale,
On SATURDAY mm January 101,
An Auction Sale
At Hie Temple ofFashion, 61anfl63FortSt.
As Large Shipments are on the way.
Lyons & Levey will
Largo invoices of Goods (of all descriptions) having been leceived by ino.they
"WILL BE SOLD AT LOWER PRICES,
Than the 6amo quality of vGoods can be purchased elsewhere in Honolulu, and
satisfaction Guaranteed. My stock consists of all kinds of AMERICAN,
ENGLISH AND SYDNEY MANUFACTURE,
Saddles, Belts, Pouches, Leggings, Saddle Cloths, School Bags, &c.,
Bits, Spurs and Stirrups, &c, in Nickel and Silver Plates.
The reputation of my HOME-MADE HARNESS for supcrimity of workmanship
and material remains unchallenged dining my six years' residence here.
Thankful for the generous patronage of the past, its continuance and increase in
the future is respectfully solicited at tho old stand.
8S0 3m Corner of Fort and King streets, Honolulu, H. I.
JOSEPH. E. WISEMAN,
The Only Recognized General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands.
EST-AJBIliISIIIIHD 1 879.
Offices in Campbell's Fire-proof Building, 27 Merchant St., Honolulu, H. L
3P. O. "Box. 310 s s s : Telephone 173.
REAL ESTATE AGENT Buys nnd sells Real Estate in all parts of the King
dom. Rents Offices, Houses, Cottages nnd Rooms. "
SOLICITING AGENT FORWILDER'S INTER-ISLAND STEAMEBS-Tour
ists and the Traveling Public will apply to mc for Tickets and information to
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEW
YORK The Largest, Grandest and Soundest Institution of its kind in the
AGENT FOR THE GREAT BURLINGTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN AMERICA
This Route excels all other routes going East, the scenery being the' grandest,
the meals the choicest and the Palace and Dining Cars the handsomest and most
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Finds Employment for all seeking work in the vari
ous branches of industry on the Islands.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON FIRE INSURANCE CO.
The best known Company in the Islands.
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKER Enters Goods at Custom House, pays and discharges
Freight and Duty Bills under power of Attorney.
MONEY BROKER Loans Money at nil times on first-class securitiy.
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENT Legal Papers of every description drawn. Bills
Distributed and Collected. Books and Accounts kept and adjusted. Records
Searched. Rents Collected. Tuxes and Insurance on Property looked after.
Copying and Engrossing done. Advertisements, Newspaper Articles, Corres
pondence and Commercial Business of every naturo promptly and accurately
AGENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL AT HONOLULU-Companics abroad
will correspond with mo for terms, etc. Orders for Island Shells, Curios, Lava
Specimens, Native Views and Photos carefully filled and forwarded to all parts
ot the World.
CS Information appertaining to. the Islands given and all correspondence faith,
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN,
873 Gonoral Business Agent, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
DILLINGHAM & Go.
Importers & Dealers in Hardware & Agricultural Implements,
Els., Eic, Etc.
Fence Wive and Staples, Kerosene Oil a specialty.
Paints, Varnishes, Turpentine,
House Furnishing Goods, Plated Ware, &c., &c.
L EWIS & CO.,
Have received ex Mariposa,
Swiss Cheese. Cala. Crapes & Pears,
Fine Cala Apples, Dried Figs, Smyrna Figs, Wild narc, on ico;
Dried Cherries, French Prunes, Culn Fresh Roll Butter,
Pickled Roll Butter, Oiboh' Extract Beef, y. pints Chutney,
Eastern Oysters, in tin and shell; Fresh Cala Salmon, on lee,
Celery, Cauliflower, Spiced Lambs Tongues, in small jars;
Libby, McNeill & Libby's canvas covered dried Beof,
Gerinca for breakfast, Capo Cod Cranberries,
And u lull line of Frepli (Staple Groceries.
Island Orders solicited. Telephone No. 240. P. O, Box 297. (76?
will take place
at 7 o'clock
conduct these sales.
The Corner Harness Store
Still to the Front !
yiitwaaarij5wiWBSBWi?gSS Etc. Etc. Etc