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imiiMiniijMi n i I ' ' ";;'.""IL ij 'jiiii.iii.uiiiiiww
WAT UK KOT1UU.
Uwlug tn the scarcity or watei, the
hours for lirlgntlon will lie limited to
4 hours per day, from 0 to 8 n. m., nnd
lrotn4 to 0 p. in., until further notice.
OHAS. . WILSON,
Siipt Water Work.
Approved: Cius. T. Gui.ick,
Minister of Interior.
January 30, 18S5. ! tf
BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Exchange on the
JBanlc oi" C'tilitbriiiu, S. Jb
And their agents In
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. X. M. Rothschild &Son, London.
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Bank of New Zealand : Auckland,
Christchuich, and Wellington.
The Bank of British Columbia, Vic
toria, 15. O. and Poitlnnd, Or.
Transact a Gcneinl Banking Business.
Pledged to ncitboi Beet nor Fait;.
But ostaUlalicd for tho tonofit of all.
SATURDAY, FEB. 28, 1885.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Casino at the Park, open all day.
Bethel Sunday School, at 9 :45.
Fort St. Church S. S. at 9 :4o.
St. Andrew's Cathedral S. S. 10.
Bethel, Services, morning and
St. Andrews' Cathedral, .service,
morning and evening.
Fort St. Church, service, morning
THE COUNTRY BECOMING KNOWN.
Knowledge of countries other than
their own has in a measure to be
forced upon a majority of the people
of the world. There is no necessity,
however much excuse there may be,
for reading publics abroad being in
ignorance of this country. When
we remember, however, that even
among reading people a certain pro
portion do not run to works of
travel, and that, of those who do,
many do not come across books
descriptive of this country, the
Hawaiian Islands are probably as
well-known iu other countries as we
..have a right to expect. At all
events, it is safe to say that this
Kingdom does not stand alone in
the erroneous impressions of it ex
isting abroad. People are so ready
to jump at conclusions from scanty
evidence, and fo liable to retain
views once correct but now obsolete,
that it is not to be wondered at that
the most prevalent ideas of the Ha
waiian Islands and their inhabitants
have been formed from the mission
ary and maritime annals of twenty
years ago. Books that .entertain the
masses arc more widely circulated
and live longer off the shelves of stand
ard libraries than.works of bald infor
mation or dry science. Thus it comes
that even very recently, and to some
extent at this very day, notions of
life in the United States and Canada
held in the Old World, were those
gained from the thrilling talcs of
border-life in the period of civiliza
tion's early struggles in the "Western
Hemisphere. Nova Scotians at the
London Universal Exposition of
18G2 were disgusted to hear their
English fellow-subjects ask, respect
ing certain creditable articles of their
manufacture, if they were made by
"the natives," the Indians being
Evidences arc increasing that this
country is becoming better known
throughout the world that all the
agencies extant for making it so are
beginuing to have their due effect.
Among those agencies tho chief ones
are the widespread business and
trade communications, tho elaborate
consular representation, the news
papers and letters sent hence
throughout the earth, the books anil
pictures upon Hawaiian subjects
going forth in au increasing stream,
the testimony concerning us dissemi
nated by the ninny ni lists and people
of leisure and of letters whom the
unique attractions of this group draw
for a longer or shorter sojourn. It
is truo that our newspapers may
exaggerate the evil conditions of
business or residence here; letter-
writers, with the human love of
creating surprise, may dwell too
much upon lite lollcs of ilcpatting
barbarism and reserve the evidences
of rapidly maslcning civilization ;
the most competent nnd impaitinl
observers may fall to nppichcnd Ihu
genius of much that they sec and
hear : but from so many sources of
information people abroad, who take
sttftlcicnt interest iu other countries
to look into their lives aud progress,
may strike a very fair average of the
conditions of life and civilization,
the resources and the prospects,
which obtain in this Kingdom.
Every well-wisher of the country
should do his and her part in pro
pagating accurate ideas concerning
it. It is to the intcicst of all who
have made these Islands Uicir home
to make their felicitous climate,
their kindly soil, their opportunities
of sustenance nnd wealth, their
beautiful physical features, known
to the utmost extent. There arc
broad streaks of promise for a very
important and prosperous future
gleaming in the Hawaiian horizon.
Soon Victoria, on the Canadian
Coast, will be striving for admittance
to competition for our commerce
with San Francisco. A line of
steamers is proWiscd to include
Honolulu in the route from Victoria
to Australasia, and another to em
brace us in the trafllc that is going
to spring up between the Orient and
Europe across the Dominion. Sub
marine telegraphic communication
with the rest of the world will likely
soon revolutionize our commerce and
bring us into much closer sympathy
with the outside world. Our people
arc every day becoming more con
vinced that not a tithe of our agri
cultural and manufacturing resources-have
been developed. Treaty or
no treaty, the country is bound to go
ahead, if only its people evince
pluck, and courage, and enterprise,
aud fidelity to themselves. Never
before was it more necessary to
have the councils of the nation in
spired by patriotism, guided by
wisdom, and guarded from the depre
dations of sordid self-seekers.
MODERN THEORY OF CORAL REEFS.
A splendid audience, including
His Majesty the King and most of
the distinguished visitors to the city,
had assembled in Association Hall
last evening at the hour announced
for Professor Agassiz' lecture on
"The Modern Theory of Coral
Reefs." The Hon. S. B. Dole,
President of the Library Associa
tion, introduced, the lecturer .in a
few happy words. .
Prof. Agassiz went straight at his
subject, using simple language with
out the slightest affectation. There
was more of a charm than anything
else in his foreign pronunciation.
He said it was not often he had the
opportunity of peaking to an
audience that knew anything about
coral reefs. The coral was not an
insect, as popularly supposed, but a
small marine animal allied to the
star lish, shell-fish, etc. He showed,
by diagrams on the blackboard, the
mode of growth of different kinds
of coral, further illustrating his ex
planations with specimens of the
pelrilied article. In the branch
coral each hole represented one of
the constituent animals, aud in the
brain coral each of the sinuosities
there displayed. Seen under the
magnifying glass the animal was el
liptical in form, having a digestive
cavity in the centre, held up by
walls radiating to the outside. On
these walls eggs grow, which soon
became perfect animals. Thus
colonies were formed, and taking on
deposits of lime became the clusters
of coral. The brain coral grew by
the long tentacles that distinguished
its species adhering in clusters aud
becoming also petrified by deposits
of limestone. Tho coral animals do
not form colonics in deeper water
than fifty fathoms, below that being
found only as individuals. To ac
count for the large number of coral
islands in the Pacific, under those
conditions, a German naturalist,
with the Russian navigator Kotzc
buc, propounded the idea that a
scries of eruptions had taken place
in the ocean bed, throwing up peaks
and craters to a height where the
coral could begin building. The
difficulty with this theory was that
the amount of limestone deposited
by tho coral was iu no case much
more than 90 feet, and it was strange
that there should hnve been so many
peaks thrown up to so ncccssnilly a
uniform height throughout the
Pacific. Darwin had an entirely
different theory, which was that the
bases for coral operations were the
higher elevations of n subsided con
tinent. By an elaborate and very
clear explanation of thu different
kinds of coral reefs, including a
description of those on these Islands,
he showed that Darwin's theory was
not necessary, to say thu least, in
solving the question. Professor
Agassiz then gave the audience an
account of his deep sea investiga
tions in the Gulfs of Mexico nnd of
Florida, and of his examinations of
coral formations in the Antilles and
the Florida Keys. He showed thai
the map did not give the real con
tour of the continent at the penin
sula of Florida, as coral reefs ex
tended far out to sea and were
covered with very little water.
Coral reefs were invariably found
in strong ocean currents, and the
lecturer showed how atols, or ringed
islands, were formed by the inlltt
ence of wind and sea upon coral
formation. They arc therefore not
dependent upon the craters of vol
canoes for their bases. Professor
Agassiz' deep sea dredgings showed
him that vast deposits of lime were
continually being made upon the
bottom of the ocean by marine ani
mals. In places the limestone beds
so formed came up to the requisite
height for the beginning of coral
building. Once the coral reached
low water mail; it died, and could
go no higher, for a few minutes ex
posure out of water was fatal to it.
But the waves washed up additions
of coral broken off from the lower
parts, and piled up all sorts of ocean
debris, and so islands rose above
the waters. There were instances
on these Islands where sand dunes
were piled up from 100 to 150 feet by
the winds and waves. In conclud
ing he eloquently argued that it was
better to accept causes for the origin
of new land formations in the agen
cies we saw operating around us
every day, than to seek them in the
extraordinary convulsions of nature
or abnormal conditions, except
where those clearly displayed them
selves. Dr. Hyde moved a vote of
thanks to the lecturer, which was
heartily passed by a rising vote.
The receipts at the door were $104,
which will leave a handsome bene
fit to the Library and Reading Room
EMMA SQUARE CONCERT.
The Band will play at Emma
Square this afternoon at -1 :30. The
following is the programme :
March Falka Knppcy
Overture The Partner Auucr
Ballad Reaper and Flowers.... Co wen
Waltz Golden Myrtles Fain-back
Three Songs Mendelssohn
Waltz Scented Flowers Waldtenfel
My whole is now in great demand
By people in this tropic land.
Before it put beheaded part,
And there's a color used in art.
1 am composed of three words con
taining 10 letters.
My 10, IS, 17, 0, h not a sectarian, but
is esteemed according to Its denomina
tion. My 1,13, C, lit, is to change.
My 15, 1, 11, 10, 2, 8, Is a farming im
plement. My 12, 0, 1L 3, 7, is odd.
My whole Is in almost everybody'
mouth just now.
1 A mineral. 2 A minute channel.
II A space. -1 Behind.
ANSWERS TO LAST WEEK'S PUZZLES.
To Puzzle Habit.
To Numerical Enigma Kaneohc.
To Square- Word
D A V 1 D
A B O D i:
V O AV E L
1 1) K A J,
D E L I, H
M'o Second Square Word
S P A O E
P R 1 O R
A I H L 13
E It E C T,
Answers received from S. L. ICekn
mano and Jas. N. K. ICcola,
Tjiu annual meeting of the Hawa
iian Carriage Manufacturing Co. was
held this morning, when the resig
nation of E. G. Schuman tho secre
tary was accepted and T. S. Douglas
elected in his place. The other
business was of the usual routine
THE CHURCHES. I
At St. Andrew's Cathedral nt 11
A. m., there will be a celebration of
tho Holy Communion, the Bishop
celebrating. The Bev. Geo. Wal
lace will preach, and in the evening
the Bishop occupies the pulpit.
At Fort Street Church in tho morn
ing there will be the admission of
new members and the administration
of the ordinance of baptism nnd the
Lord's Supper. In the evening Mr.
Cruzan's sermon will have for its
theme "Thu School of Christ."
All arc invited.
The scviccs at the Bethel Union
Church to-morrow will be as follows :
Sunday sehool nt J): -IS o'clock.
Services, with preaching, at 11
o'clock, by Rev. S. E. Bishop, on
"Christ in the Soul." Services at
7:00 r. m., by Rev. E. C. Oggcl, on
the "Third Utterance from the
Cross;" or "Christ and the Dying
Thief." A' cordial invitation is ex
tended to all.
Mit. E. G. Schuman, who has acted
so eillcicntly as Secretary of tho Ha
waifan Carriage Mfg. Co. for the
past eighteen months, has resigned
his position. lie was book-keeper
for Mr. Geo. West for two years.
Mr. Schuman intends to go in busi
ness himself at an early date.
AT the Regular Annual Meeting of
tho Stockholders of the Kawailoa
Ranch Company, held at the office of
Messrs. Bishop & Co., on Friday, cb.
27th, 1835, the following otuccrs were
elected for the ensuing year:
President John It. Paly
Auditor James G. Spencer
Sec'y and Treasurer J. N. Fisher
Manager M. Dickson
John II. Paly, James G. Spencer, .1. II.
Fisher, M. Dickson aud J. O. Caiter.
J. IT. FISHER, Secretary.
Honolulu, Feb. 28, 1883. !)J7 lw
MESSRS. PETER SAXE I
& SON have received six
mote "ELJIWOO D"
SigSBcrkshiro Breeding Pigs
as mic as are in tne u mica elates or
Europe. These arc the last they will im
port this scafon, they have now onlv 10
"SAINT CLOUD" and "ELMWOODS"
remaining. Those who wish to pur
chase should apply promptly. 037 It-
Ry order of Ileniy R. Macfarlane, Esq.
I will oiler at Public Auction,
Saturday, March 28th,
At 12 noon, at my Sales Room,
Unless irevloii6ly dltvposert
oTitt, Jrl"Vivte (Sale,
THOSE SPLENDID LOTS on the
corner of Berctania and Piikoi Sts.,
Subdivided as follows into House Lots,
nnd at the following upset prices,
fiom which there can be no deviation.
Lot 1100 feet by lflO feet, Berctania
street Upset price S1D00
Lot 2100 feet by 1C0 feet, Kinau
street U pset price $1200
Lot 3100 feet by 150 feet, Berctania
street Upset price $1400
Lot 4100 feet by 150 feet, Kinau
street Upset price $1100
Lot C 100 feet by 1C0 feet, Berctania
.street Upset price 1400
Lot 0100 feet by 150 feet, Kinau
street Upset price $1100
Lot 7100 feet by 300 feet, with the
buildings thereon.Upsct price $2100
Lot 8100 feet by 150 feet, Berctania
street Upset price $1230
Lot 9100 feet by 150 feet, Young
street Upset price- $1)00
Lot 10100 feet by 150 l'cet, Berctania
street Upset price $1250
Lot 11100 feet by 150 feet, Young
street Upset price $1)00
Tho upper lots were purchased by Mr.
Macfarlane for u residence, and for the
nurnefcc of improvement, it has had
great care aud cultivation, so that at
present it is well covered by a large
variety of trees, as well as a choice col
lection of plants and Mowers, all iu
Among the fruit and shade trees will
be found the Traveler's Tree, the Royal
Palm, the Wine Palm, the Lemon Tice,
the Fun Palm, the Cocoanut, the Japan
ese Orange, the Ponciana Regia, the
Mondailn Orange, the Fig Tree, tho
Alligator Pear, tho Algcroba aud others.
In Roses and Flowers there are a great
variety, which must bo seen to be ap
Water pipes aio laid on in each of
Lots Nos. 1 to 7, inclusive, and 50 feet
of bote will reach any part of them.
These lots are situated just in tho centio
of Kalaokahua Plains, on tho pilncipal
street leading from Honolulu, aud are
within twenty minutes' walk from town,
as well as being upon the omnibus
routo to Punahou.
I shall offer them on vciy favoiable
terms for puielmsers, namely,
One-Fourth Cash, and balnnco in
equal payments of one, two, three
and four years, with interest at 7
per cent., seemed by mortgage.
ThU division of payments, nnd low
rale of iutci est, allows ono lor a com
paratively small sum mutually paid for
four vcais, to become tho owner of a
beautiful homestead lot.
Parties desiring lots must make eaily
application, as -no bhall scll'at piivate
sale to thote who lirst apply.
Plans of tho piopeily can bo fcoeu at
Deeds at purchaser's expense.
E. P. ADAMS,
017 t tli & . td . Auctioneer.
drje.:o i 23 :eoi:.a.o !-ssi asasao ,
Just Received by last steamer
s . roses
tSR12r Ladies' Aprons, "at2T
Robes, " Diauois, Chlldicu's Cliiiiilse.s,
Skirls, " GownF, " Apionr,
Cloaks, " Skins, " Drawers,
Dresses, " Sacques, " Skirts,
Shawls, " Collars, ' Sun Bonnet?,
Chemise, " Flshucs, " Waists,
Gown1? " Chemises, " Drc-se?,
Wrappers. " Coisot Coven, " Cloaks.
"&H3T " Calico Wrappcis. 8E3?
ALL THE ABOVE GOODS WE ABE ABLE TO OFFER AS
We also would state thatwcaie constantly receiving now and desir
able styles of goods direct fioin the manufacturers, and that we shall
spare no exertion to meet, by prompt attention, low prices, nnd the best,
of goods, your entire confidence.
Orders from the other Islands piomplly attended to.
Temple of Fashion,,
EFos. 61 and 63 Fort Streets.
SUCCESSORS TO DILLINGHAM & CO. AUD SAM'L HOTT.
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Hardware, Agricultxiral Implements, House Furnishing
Goods, and General Merchandise.
'Ihu combined slock of the two firms gives us a very full and complete line of
goods, at lowest uiaikct latos. All orders sent to the undersigned, or to Mr.
Samuel Noll for specialties iu the class of goods formerly sold by him, will at
present receive his personal attention and supei vision.
PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY.
O? Rilrt OJ
JUST RECEIVED, EX MARIPOSA, On Ice, Quail, Cala Fresh Salmon, t'ala
Flounders, Caulillouis, Celery, Eastern Oysters, in tin and .shell;
aud Red Cabbage.
ALSO Boxes Table Raisins, Boxes Cala Dried Fies, Cases Diircf Salad Oil, pints
and y pints; Cases Lucca Salad Oil, Keg.) Snlt Water Cucumbers, Kegs of
Mixed Pickles, Kits Salmon Bellies, Rett Jtussian Caviar, C.isks Dupeo
Hams, Dried Peaches, Dried Fruits of all kiniU, 2 lb tins Cala Butler, all
kinds Canned Meats, Fresh Cala Table -Apples, Cases Eagle Cond. Milk,
P & M Yeast Powder, Sacks Dairy Salt, Boxes Aldcu Dried Apples, -Legs
Soused i'igs' Feet, Kits Mackeiel, Cases Soused Mackeiel, Casks Star Hams,
Dupee Bacon, Frch Gcriuca, Island Potatoes, all kinds Canned Vegetables,
all kinds Canned Fruits, Fresh Giound ICona Codec eciy day. Our Pi Ices
are low. Goods dellveied to all parts of the city,
Island Orders solicited. Telephone No. 240. P. O. Box 2!)7. (702
Large invoices of Goods (of all descriptions) haying been received by me, they
WILL BE SOLD AT LOWEK PRICES,
Than the same quality of (Goods can be purchased ckuwhcio in Honolulu, aud
satisfaction guaranteed. My stock cousibts of all kinds of AMERICAN,
ENGLISH AND SYDNEY MANUFACTURE,
Saddles, Belts, Pouches, leggings, Saddle Cloths, School Bags, &c.,
Bits, Spurs and Stirrup3, &c, in Nickel and Silver Plate
The reputation of ray HOME-MADE HARNESS lor superiority of workmanship
and material remains unchallenged during my six years' residence heic.
Thankful lor tho generous patronage of tho past, its continuance nnd increase in
tho futuio is rcspeottully solicited at the old stand.
JOSEPH. E. WISEMAN,
The Only Eccognized General Business Agent on tho Hawaiian Islands.
Offices in Campbell's Fire-proof Building, 27 Merchant St., Honolulu, H. I
X. O. l!ox :Hf : : : s X'clopliono X73.
REAL ESTATE AGENT Buys and Bells Real Estate in all parts of tho King
dom. Rents Olllce.i, Houses, Cottager, and Rooms.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR WILDRR'S IKTER-ISLANl) STEAMEHS Tour
ists and tho Tiaveling Public illl apply to mo for Tlekcts and information to
SOLICITING AGENT FOR TUP. MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEW
YORK Tho Largest, Grandest nnd Soundest- Institution of its kind Iu the
AGENT FOR THE GREAT BURLINGTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN AMERICA
This Route-excels all other joules going East, tho tcenory being the grandest,
the meals tho choicest and tho Ptiliicu and Dining Cais the handsomest and most
com f oi table.
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Finds Employment for all recking work iu the vari
ous branches of industry on tho Islands.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON FIRE INSURANCE CO.
The best known Company in the Islands.
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKER Entcis Goods at Custom House, pays and discharges
Freight and Duty Bills under power of Attorney.
MONEY BROKER Loans Money at all times on llrst-elass secuiltiy.
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENT Legal Papeis of every description drawn. Bills
Distributed, and Collected. Rooks and Accounts kept and adjusted. Records
Scutched. Rents Collected. Tuxes and Instnaiico on Property looked after.
Copving and Engrossing done. Advertisements, Newspaper Articles, Corres
pondence and Conuneiclal Business of every nature promptly and accurately
AGENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL AT HONOLULU Companies abroad
will correspond 1th mo for tonus, etc. Ordors for Island Shells, Curios, Lava
Specimens, Native Views and Photos carefully tilled and forwarded to all purls
of tho World,
C2T Information uppcitulnlng to tho Islands given and all coircspondeiico faith,
' JOSKPU U. WIKI33IAN,
873 Conoral Business Agent, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
one of the hugesl invoices of
ClMs' & Mils fear
The Corner Harness Store
Still to the Front !
of Fort and King streets, Honolulu, II. I
m:mij totiftoHMt mAtim I