Newspaper Page Text
Owing In tin- wan-lly or water, the
hour for Irrigation will hv limited to
4 hours per ilny, from 0 to 8 a. in., nntl
Iroin 4 to 0 p. m., until further notice.
UIIAS. Jl. WILSON,
Supi Water "Work".
Approu-d : Cit w. T. Gui.ick,
Minister of Interior.
January 30, 1885. 1W3 tf
BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Kr-hange on the
liunlc orCnlll'oi-nin, S. I
Ami their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Mtwsrs. N M. Rothschild &Son, London,
The Goimnciclal Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Coinmeichil IJ.ink Co., of Sydney,
The lliink of New Zealand : Auckland,
Christcliurch, and Wellington.
The Hank of Biitlsh Columbia, Vic
toila, 15. U. and Portland, Or.
Transact n General Hanking Business.
vbn hUj wHiciin,
Plodgod to neither Beet nor Party.
But esUbllshod for tho bsnefit of kU,
TUESDAY, MAKCIl 21, 1885.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Holler Coaster. 7.
Letuero, Y. JL C. A. 7:30.
Excelsior .Lodge, I.O.O.F., 7
MR. CARTER'S LETTER.
Mr. Carter lias a Ictier in to-day's
issue calling the attention of wagc
carncrs lo their interest in the cur
rency question. It is no new thing
to have a law passed, at the instance
of a strong popular demand, and
then have diflleulty in carrying il out
through a lack of popular support
The Currency Act was promoted and
borne through to final passage by an
overwhelming public opinion, that
regarded it as a necessary corrective
of trade dilliculties and abuses. But
when the law came into force the
classes it most immediately affected
the merchants, manufacturers,
and planters showed, with a few
exceptions, a remarkable apathy to
acting up to its 6tiict tenor. The
unanimity and enthusiasm that car--ried
the law were wanting, and the
resultant hesitation to insist upon
the faithful execution of the law led
to a notion that the leading men of
those classes were only watching a
chauce lo make money by specula
ting in the cuncnoy. It is needless
to say that this has been proved to
have been a most unjust suspicion,
and that the very ones whose names
were bandied about in such a con
nection took heavy risks in older to
facilitate the working of the law.
There is reason to believe that the
wage-earners of the Kingdom have
been indifferent lo tiie question.
They arc seemingly under the im
pression that it has no especial inter
est for them. Some have no doubt
been gratified, since the law came
into effect, at the opportunity of
replacing hoards of silver with gold,
which they have been able to do by
some planters' agents having distri
buted quantities of gold for the
purpose of starling its circulation.
The evil of high exchange ouly comes
hometo them occasionally, and they
condone it with tho reflection that
almost everything is high in this
country. It is well, therefore and
Mr. Carter does good service in
ventilating this phase that the
working classes should be made
to understand that it is of the ut
most importance to them that the
country should have a sound and
stable currency, which can only be
by the thorough establishment of
the gold hlandard, Tho most im
portant matter in American politics
to-day is the question of whether
the overwhelming Hood of tho silver
coin now issuing from the mints
shall be checked or not. Should it
not, the. best authorities are con
vinced that the purchasing value of
silver niU9t be depreciated and
universal loss ensue. There the
powerful silver milling interest is
strenuously opposing the proposed
measures to stem the flood. In this
Kingdom, however, there is no
legitimate interest that can bo bene
fited by staking anything upon a
double-metal standard. Our safety
mid our interest alike lies in
establishing i gold bnsis. Only
vhon that Is clone etui wc contain
pinto with equanimity tlio issue of
events In tin1 1'iillcil States. Ah it
is, silver lU'prreiation I upon our
selves nlicaily, mill nothing lull the
nrlillcial props of interested people
saves oiti silver currency from going
ilown to bullion value.
THE SILK INDUSTRY.
It is gratifying to know that our
ndvocaey of Silk Culture has not
been altogether without encouraging
result. Some of our contemporaries
have considered tho subject of stilll-
cicnl impoitoncc to follow our lead.
Outside patties have also become
interested to the extent of communi
cating their thoughts to the public
press. In addition to these out
ward signs, wc have received several
a inquiries of private nature, the last
of which is from an intelligent
Chinaman, who is disposed lo engage
in the enterprise. A- letter from
Miss Kossitcr, written March 2nd,
contains the information that she
had just received communications
from Honolulu on the same matter.
Wc trust that the feeling of interest
and spirit of inquiry thus far engen
dered and excited will be increased
and strengthened, until .silk raising
has become one of our established
industries. Tho following biicf ex
tract from Miss Rossitcr's letter is
given for the information of those
interested: " I cannot forward silk
worm eggs after the close of this
month, unless orders are received
by the end of March, when I might
venture to forward the eggs. I
would like it understood, however,
that orders, accompanied by the
requisite amounts, may be sent in
during the summer, when eggs will
.be set aside and properly caicd for
till fall say October or Novem
ber and then forwarded. Our
general time for hatching silk
worms is about May 1st., excepting
in California and Florida, where
they have early food, and hatch out
the worms by March 1st., and be
fore that time." Our readers will
readily understand tint the proper
time for hatching the eggs is de
cided by the season of food supply.
Miss Hossitcr writes from a country
where food is procurable during a
shoit period of each year only; but
in our climate, where the mulberry
tree becomes an evergreen and pro
duces fresh leaves throughout most
of the year, the season for hatching
and succeeding operations is much
extended. It would undoubtedly
be necessary to despatch the oggs
from the States in winter, to avoid
hutching during transit ; "but- having
once reached here, they might be
hatched almost any time, as far as
food supply is concerned.
In answer to our correspondent
"Industry," we may sav that the
mulberry tree flourishes, or
flourish, on the lands of
late Mr. Tilcomb, Island
Kauai. It can now be seen at
Itcformalory School, Honolulu,
is probably now rather late for
planting of cuttings, as this is
season of most rapid growth. Further
information regarding the tree from
any of our readers will be esteemed
a favor, no doubt, by our correspon
dent as well as ourselves.
More dismissals than appointments
are anticipated in Washington with
in the first six months of the " new
broom." The President has adopted
the rule of all applications for oflice
having to be certified by the Secre
taries of the departments to which
they respectively belong. Itopubli
can papers hope the general " house
cleaning" will not be followed by
the shovelling in of useless olllcials
of the Democratic stripe. They say
such a tiling happened in Albany
two years ago.
WAGE-EARNERS AND THE CURRENCY.
EniTOii Uuli.i:tin: In reading
your articles on the currency of this
Kingdom, it has seemed to me that
a point of the first importance has
so far escaped your attention. I
allude to the value of the Currency
Act of 1881 to all wage-earners in
this Kingdom and their seeming in
difference to the enforcement of its
terms. The Act of 1881 was calmly
deliberated upon, and passed its
several stages in committee nnd
three readings by a atrong vote re
presenting the best minds of both
tho Ministerial mid Opposition ;
parlies. The lnw Ib to-day believed
to be the best for tho Kingdom by
the thinking men of these Islands.
Il is unfoiltiuatc that our business
men me not acting together for the
enforcement of the law; but that
this das in our community is at
cross purposes is no excuse for lack
of united action on the pari of wngc
oarncrs. If the latter class insisio'dxtipou
receiving gold for wages earned the
weight of sttcli an influence would
soon turn the scale in favor-of the
goltPinw. Possibly the laborers aic
not aware of the value of the law to
themselves, and it may not come
amiss to sav to them that Senator
Morrill, of Vermont, in the United
States Senate, in speaking upon the
silver bill, called attention to the
dangers threatening the -wage-workers
of the United States in case
the coinage of silver dollars was
continued until business was con
ducted on the basis of tho silver
standard, which practically meant
that the purchasing power of
monoy in everybody's pocket
would' undergo a depreciation of fif
teen or twenty peicont. lie warned
wane-workers and those who re
ceived fixed salaries that they would
be the first to feel the evil effects.
Speaking upon this subject to the
silver coinage advocate's in Congress,
President-elect Cleveland said that
if their policy was adopted, "The
revival of business enterprise and
prosperity so ardently desired and
apparently so near, would be1'" hope
lessly postponed'; gold" would be
withdrawn to its hoarding place,
an unprecedented contraction in the
actual volume of currency would
speedily take place ; and, saddest of
all, in every workshop, mill, factory
store, and on every railroad and
farm the wages of labor, already '
depressed, would suffer still further
depression by a scaling down of the
purchasing power of every so-called
dollar paid into the hand of toil."
.Surely these words should fur
nish food for thought in this King
dom, when an exeess of silver coins
is driving gold into retirement,
while the creditor clast may
demand gold from debtors.
Already we hear of cases where silver
coin above legal tender i3 only taken
at a discount of from two and a half
to five percent, and it is only a ques
tion of time when the discount may
be raised to ten, fifteen, or even
twenty percent. As the discount
upon silver rises so must 'the price
of commodities: The i wage-workers
of this Kingdom can help to prevent
this calamitous condition of affairs
by standing as-one man for paj'ment
of wages, in sums over ten dollars, in
gold, and thus force its circulation.
When this is accomplished a right
eous standard of value will be fixed,
and the excess ot silver coins over
for what may be needed subsidiary
pui posed will become a burden, and
as such will fall in value until as
bullion it may be exported corrected
into gold, and in this way a just
balance of metals be arrived at.
J. O. Cauti:u.
Honolulu, March 23, 1885.
KiirroK Buij.uti.v: If it is not
abusing too much of your kindness,
I would be very much obliged to
you to let me know through your
valuable columns in which Islands
the mulberry trees flourish, and if
possible the names of places and
owners, as I intend to go on a trial
in the silk culture and would like to
make arrangements 'with owners of
mulberry trees to get cuttings and
THE SOUDAN WAR.
Zebchr Pasha has been convicted
by documents found upon search in
his house in Alexandria of compli
city with tlie iMahdi, both before
and since the fall of Khartoum. He
is the man whom Gen. Gordon
wanted to have made Governor 'of
Khartoum. Gordon said the ex-slave
king was tho only man who had
nerve and prestige enough to keep
the Arabs iu subjection. He had
cecountcred Zcbchr during his former
service iu Egypt and had hanged one
of Zebehr's sons, who was left as u
hostage and whose; .life became for
feited by an act of treachery on
Zebchr's part. "When Gordon was
sent lo Khartoum last year both he
and Zebehr Pasha seemed to have
agreed lo ignore the past. It was
of Zebohr's B0iis who es-
coiled General Gordon acioss
dcsei I from Korosklo to Abu Ilamcd.
Without this escoit it Is certain that
General Goidon would never have
got lo Khartoum. The traitor is to
be imprisoned on the Island of
Cyprus. Other Egyptian notables
arc to bo attested.
In Eaglo City, Arizona, the en
thusiastic miners presented tho
mother of the first child born there
with a purse of $fi,()0() in gold dust.
The Oregon Legislature has passed
a bill'' prohibiting the side of un
healthy? butter and oleomargaiiiic,
the latter to be marked as such.
The Nevada Legislature lini passed
a bill prohibiting treating in any pub
lie drinking place or place of amuse
ment, and it only lcqiiircs the Gov
ernor's signature to become a law.
Executor's Sale !
BY order of the Supremo Court, I am
instructed by the Executor.-) of the
Estate of the lnte JAMES WOODS, of
Kohnla,Hnwall,to soil at Public Auction,
On Tuesday, March Hi si,
At 12 o'clock noon, the
Namely: (20) Twenty Shares of tho
UNION MILL CO.
of Kohala. The undivided
(1-4) Quarter Interest
IirtheTroporty'kriow-ii as the
Situated in North Kohala, Hawaii.
Full p'lrtitulnr can he obtained by
application at the oflie
e ol T1UJW. Jl.
U77 1w E. P. ADAMS,
AT THE MATINEE, Sulmdav after
noon, Maich Utst. a blark t'ash
meri' Dolman, the finder will plenbe
leave it at King Bros., No. 103 King St.,
and get lewaru. ,1)77 !!t
rpVO FIXE inipoitcd Mines foil- mid
JL live yea is old. well hiokeu. kind
anil gentle. Sold on a-joount of depar.
turc. Also a flic new Phaeton, only
used a few time-, Inquire of
J. I". MENDONCA,
or at 31. S. Gtinlmum & Co.'s 'tore.
Horao, Hussy mid Harnes for
rpiIE WELL-KNOWN gray Mate
JL LUCY, owned by W. P. Toler,
Esq., with a Top Brewster Buggy in
good order and liariiqssifor sale, on ae-
couut of dcpaittire fiom the Kingdom.
Apply to J. E. WISEMAN,
General Business Agent,
or lo W. P. Toler, Esq., on the premises
at Waikikl. 077 lw
Cottngu at Wnikiki to JT.et.
rpiIE PINE residence of W. P. Toler,
X Esq.-, situated at1 Wnikiki. to let to
a responsible patlv unfurnished.
Apply to J. E. WISEMAN,
Ileal Estate Agent,
or to W. P. Toler, Emj., on the piemiscs.
rpWO OIL PAINTINGS, one repre
JL ncnting-'Diaihond Ilead," the other
rcpiescnling "Golden Gate." These
paintings are simply charming and
painted by tho well-known artist G.J.
Denny, of San Francisco. ' These paint
ings belong to W. P. Toler, Esq., and
aic for sale on account of leaving the
Kingdom. May be seen at the oflice of
the undersigned. J. E. WISEMAN,
977 lw General Business Agent.
LAU PAT, doing business at Mnka
pala, Kohala, Hawaii, has made an
assignment to tho undersigned for the
benefit of his crcditois All persons
having claims against bald parly, aio
hereby requested to send"thulr billb ini
mediately, and all portons indebted to
said party are lequcsted to make bnnie.
diate payment to L. ASEU,
Makapala, Mar. 10, 1885. 977 2w
A GOOD reliable Gclfrian age about
. 25 yearnlt wants a.Job as family
driver, understands horses ' Apply to
J. K. WISEMAN,
977 3t General, Business Agent.
KSTATE OF AH SANG.
AH SANG (alias AH QUAI) doing
business on King Street, opposite
Alapal Street, has made nil' assignment
o (J. Bolto, All perilous having claims
against this estate arc requested to send
their bills Immediately and all persons
owing this estate are requested to pay
imniedlateiv to GV BOLTE.
Honolulu, March., ntu,,188rr. 97U at
,, 1 j p-h ttt-
KHtntc ol'Sim'Wo Co.
72 Nuuanu Street, 'UankruptK,
rpiIE UNDERSIGNED" having been
JL elected assignee of tho above es
tate, hereby. i cquests all ptuons indebt.
ed to this 'estate 'to" pay' lniinedlatelv,
and all pfcreowohavlng claims against
this estate to scud their bills inline.
dbitolyto O. BOLTE.
Honolulu, March 10th, 1S85. 07Q pt
13 P. GRAY. M. D.,
. . PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Olllee, first door webt of Library Build
ing. Hours, from 9 to 11 a in., and 2 to 4
ami 7 to 8 p.m. Sundays, 0 to 11 a.m.
Residence, cor. Kinnii and Pensacolu
streets. 918 iy
NO, 63 FORT STREET.
Commencing Friday, larch 6tii, 1885.
In order to make room l'or our unsurpassed sloek whit'li
is being- bought regardless of expense or trouble at the
present time in Eastern Markets by S. COHTtf fc CO.
Prices Retell in
Has RemoveA to
Large invoices of Goods (of all descriptions) having bem leceivcd- by 'me, they
WILL BE SOLD AT LOWER PRICES,
Than the same quality of Goods can bu purchased elsewhere in Honolulu, and
satisfaction guaranteed. My stock consists of all kinds of AMERICAN.
ENGLISH AND SYDNEY MANUFACTURE,
Saddles, Belts, Pouches, Leggings, Saddle Cloths, School Bags, &c.,
Bits, Spurs and Stirrups, &c, in Nickel and Silver Plato
The reputation of my HOME-MADE HARNESS for superiority of workmanship
and material remains unchallenged during my six years' residence here.
Thankful for the generous patronage of the past, its continuance and increase iu
the futuiii is lespectiully solicited at the old stand.
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN,
The Only Recognized General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands.
ESTABLISHED 1 8-yj.
Offices in Campbell's lire-proof Buildiner, 27 Merchant St., Honolnlu, H. I
Z. O. Uox :ilti i : i : Tcloplionu 173,
T03 PAKTJ1ENTH I
REAL ESTATE AGENT-Buys and sells Keal Estate ia all parts of the King
dom. Rents Ofllccs, Houses, Cottages and Rooms. b
SOLICITING AQliR'V FOR WILDER'S INTER-ISLAND STEAMERS-Tour
tho8Votciio Public will apply to mo for Tickets and information to
Sv;InlT,?m AOENT FOHTHK MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEW
World lM'"vb U'HH'lest and Soundest Institution of its kind in Ihe
A(WS0Ii '"'KOnKAT BURLINGTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN AMERICA
This Route excels all other routes going East, tho tcenerybelng the grando-i,
the meals he choicest and the P.dace anlnlng Cms tue lmq(lioinciil and no
EMPLOYMENT 'AGENT-Finds Employment for all recking work in the vail-
ousj branches of Industry on tho Islands.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR TIIE CITY OF LONDON FIRE INSURANCE CO.
The best known Company iu the Islands.
y,BTj" "91??1? BltOKKllr-Enton. Goods at Custom House, pays and discharges
I rcight mid Duly Bills under power of Attorney. b
MONEY BROKER Loaus Money at all
nur.iVni'.. l .7. i i? . . J--r'Kl F"l,ers of ev('rJ' description drawn. Bills
K ,, - i.V C?1,n0,c,,,-1 1J,kH "ml Accounts kept and adjusted. Rero.ds
Searched. Rem Collected. Taxes mid Insuiance on Properly lnokul alter.
i'S l, Knsioaslnu done. Advertisements, Newspaper Aiticle.s Corns
attended t. '111Ur ""siuess of CVe.y naturo promptly and artiiiately
A ?lS?-1,L'l!l,uii?VW ,hW,m "ALL ,AT, "QNOLULU-Conipanie, abroad
wlllcoiiepond wilh me for terms, etc. Oiders for Island Shells, Cuiios Lava
nrA"e:i,Uiv" Viwhnml Photo carefully lllled and forwarder I t"i Tall pa. t"
of the Woild
B3T Information appeitalnln
103 Fort Street.
The Corner Harness Store
Still to the Front !
of Fort and King streetn, Honolulu, If. I
times on llrst-class securltly. ,
to tlie Islands given and nil coirespondence faith.
JOSKPII k. WlfeMSiiAN,
General Business Agent, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands,
.,fc,.-U, 4ifc,.4UM!f- - .wifoAlfciA&aU&)L4a