Newspaper Page Text
All' pcisoii me licicliy forblililrn to
bathe In the pool nt Kapeiia Tails In
Nuuaiiu Valley, r in nnj way to dclllo
the water supplying the, 9:1111c or to tres
pass on tin) adjacent grounds.
Any poison dlsiogiudlng this notice
will bo pioecutctl to the full extent of
CHAS. 11. WILSON,
Superintendent (if Water Work".
Chas. T. Gui.uk.
Minister of Interior.
Otllce Honolulu Water Works,
!)7i) 1m Match 25th, 1885. )
BISHOP & Co., BAKK13KS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Dr.uv Evcluihgo on the
IJiuiU oL'Cjvlirorulu, te5. JT.
Ami their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. X. M. Rothschild &S011, London.
The Coinmcicial Bank Co., of Sydney,
The Commuicinl Bank Co., ot Sydney,
The Hank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Christchurch, mid Wellington.
The Hank of British Columbia, Vic
toria, B. 0. anil Portland, Oi.
Transact a Geneial Banking Business.
ft SUulvj gailUlin,
Plodeod to neither Sect nor Party.
But established for tbo bonofit of nil.
THURSDAY, MARCH 20, lSS.'..
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Roller Coaster, 7.
Mystic Lodge, No. 2, 7:30.
Regular Cash Sale, at Sales Room
of Lyons & Levey at 10 o'clock.
BEWARE OF RASH CAUTION !
The above advice may sound para
doxical. Vet it may be very apt in
its application to the letter published
in this issue on the silk industry.
Mr. Marques has collated a formida
ble array of difliculties in the way of
successful silk culture in these Is
lands. If the position he takes is
impregnable, then he docs good ser
vice in warning people against incui
ring lo3s of money and time in a
bootless enterprise. But unless he
is sure of his ground he does a
great public wrong in dissuading
people from engaging in an industry
that, properly operated, would he of
vast benefit to the country. His
letter, replete as it is with discourag-
ing argument against the piobability
of bilk cultuic being profitable here
at an eaily period, shows weakness
upon the face of it. "While his facts
may be all right, and his theories
sound in a general hcnse, they ate
not shown by any evidence to be
applicable to the conditions of cli
mate and .soil existing in these Is
lands. Mr. Marques does not claim
to have any practical proof that
cither the bilk worm or its food tice
would not take kindly to ordinary
nui hire hcic. .Some descriptions of
the mulberry, he holds, arc not
adapted to the country ; but what is
the use of telling people that, when
we know that a good species of the
tree docs tin ivo in many districts of
the Islands. The same can be said
of the worm, for practical test long
- ago settled the fact that our genial
air agrees with a kind yielding the
very best silk. A well-informed
correspondent writes us in the fol
lowing words: "No exotic trees
thrive belter here than mulberry
trees. Formerly they were quite
numerous at Frinccvillc and other
places on the Island of Kauai, and
may he now for aught I know.
They were also abundant at Lahaina
on Maui, until they weic mostly
destroyed to make way for sugar
cane. There were giovcs of them
in 1'auoa Valley, back of Honolulu,
before Chinamen began the culti
vation of bananas there. At the
present lime a number of trees
can be seen at l'ahuna, not far from
tho Insane Asylum, and at the Re
formatory School. I cannot nee why,
in the face of these fads, people
should talk of trying whether the
mulberry tiec will grow here or not.
It does grow here, produces abun
dance of fruit, and lctaius its leaves
throughout tho year. It not only
grows, but grows with astonishing
rapidity nntl unusual vigor."
Mr. Marques, c think, goes a
little too far In chniautcrizing tho
results of ntlcniplcd llk culture1 In
California us a failure. Lately Hie
movement has revived then under
healthy and promising auspices. Wo
me ready to join in a caution, how
ever, to the people, lo the extent of
restiaiiiing them from going into
the industry upon too large a scale
until they have mastered its details.
Sugar raising is an established in
dustry here, but a farmer from the
Canadian Northwest would likely
meet Villi some difficulty if ho at
tempted, without previous study,
instruction, or practice, to run a
sugar plantation heie. It is one
thing for our people to know that
the silk worm and its food plant will
grow here, but quite another for
them to know how to put that know
ledge into profitable practice. There
fore, operations in this pioposud
new industry should be undertaken
upon a moderate scale at the sj,art,
and rvwmle should not be dis
couraged at failures in their first
Whatever may be said of Mr.
Gladstone's foreign policy with rc
gaid to international questions of
vital importance to the Empire, he
must be commended for his avoid
ance of John-Bullism in matters
where no vested lights of the Km
piie arc menaced. Uccausc Eng
land has been the chief colonizer of
the world is no icason why other
nations should not acquire colonics
and experiment with them. Mr.
Gladstone nobly expressed this view
a few days ago in the House of
Commons, in discussing a despatch
said to have been sent to tho Eng
lish Government by Prince- Bis
ruaick, but declared by the Premier
never to have been received. lie is
Mr. Gladstone said he wished it
distinctly understood that Bis
marck's despatch of May 5th had
never been deliveicd to the English
Government. He regictted this, be
cause the despatch would hare re
ceived all the fiicndly attention it
well deserved. Gladstone declined
he would stand behind no man in
the value he attached to the friend
ship of Germany. Great chceiing
tlnoughout the House. He must
say, however, ho was not picpaiod
to admit that the friendship of any
country in the world was now, or
ever had been, necessary to enable
England to maintain her position.
He thought where Germany's colo
nization operations were bona fide
and consistent with the rights
of all parlies, England, with due
regard to the claims of her
own colonists, ought to meet Ger
many in no grudging spirit, and
should refrain from discussing the
occupation of this or that spot after
the manner of hucksters, showing a
disposition to grudge what we are
unable to hold. If Germany be
came a colonizing power, he would
only say Godspeed to her. He
hoped she would become England's
partner and ally in the work of
civilizing the world. This was the
spirit in which lie viewed the matter,
regardless of this or that despatch."
Germany would have the best and
heartiest wishes of the English
Government and every encourage
ment which it was in their power to
The Supeiintendont of tho Water
Works is to be commended for hav
ing, at slight expense, added mater
ially to the water supply, by
utilizing hitherto neglected natural
sources. It is a wonder the Kapena
pool was not availed of before.
In our advertising columns will
be fo'iuid Miss Uossiter's price list
for mulberry trees and silkworm
eggs, and information .to guide
purchasers. We have made arrange
ments for receiving occasional con
tributions upon sillc culture from
Miss Rossitcr's hand, which doubt
less will be fully appreciated by all
intending silk growers.
President Cleveland is commended
by sensible American papers for a
sentiment in favor of plain living
uttered in his inaugural addicss. It
is said the President lives up to his
view in that regard, that he eschews
display and extravagance, and is
given to haul work. His precept
and example aic likely to have effect
with the nation, and we hopo the
happy iniluence will extend to this
Tin: skating rink will be open this
evening as usual to the general pub
lic. To-morrow evening there will
be prize skating for ladies.
KniToit Hru.r.m : Having care
fully read the ailicle concerning the
1 conclude: 1st, that a great many
persons seem to be getting inter
ested in this matter, a" very healthy
vigor, provided it docs not acquire
(lie character of a craze, an it lias
done before this in other countries;
L'ndly, that many do not appear to
realize the exact requirements
of silk eulttne and especially the
amount of timi: necessary for mere
The silk industry must be divided
into two distinct phases, the grow
ing of the trees and the brueding of
the silk-worms. Now, if the latter
is the question only of hours and
degrees of temperature, on the other
hand mulberry trees cannot be ex
pected, even if grown from cuttings
or rooted plants, to be lit for giving
good leaves and for successfully
resisting the picking or denuding
process, before several years of pre
paratory growth. In Europe, if
multiplied from seed in nurseries,
the' mulberry tree at the end of 12
months is cut and transplanted ; the
next yeatr, it is ready to be grafted,
and it is only four years later that it
can be transplanted from the nurs
ery to the fields. Then three or
four years more are required to
shape the tree before the leaves can
be depended upon. Total from 1)
lo 10 years. If bought ready-grown
from the nursery and transplanted,
it still requires !1 or -I years waiting
before the leaves can be stripped.
This much for those who suppose
that mulberry silk growing can be
improvised like potato or water
melon cultivation ; and certainly,
even if a great many isolated mul
berry trees can now already be found
growing in different gardens of tho
islands, there is nowhere a sufllcient
quantity growing together to raise
half an ounce of eggs ; the only in
formation that can be collected now
is that the tree will eventually thrive
in some places, if not everywhere.
But outside of this, a great deal
must be depended upon practical
local experiments and the experience
of other countries can be of but
little avail in this, before we know
positively how the mulberry tree will
behave itself here, when submitted
to the tortures of regular leaf-picking
and branch trimming. "Will it
support to have its leaves picked off
once or several times a year? What
arc the varieties which will thrive
the best, and give the greatest
quantities of leaves, good, tender,
silky, fit for the worms? There
arc only two races of niulbciry
tiecs, the black and the white,
one better fitted for cold climates
and giving a coarse leaf but little
lelishcd by the worms, the other
essentially belonging to warm cli
mates, and, moreover, each race
presents trees of different sexes,
male and female, the leaves of
whioh are of different value for the
worms. But the continual grafting
and the growing of tices from seeds
gathered in places where the two
races exist together, have produced
such an hybridization of races and
sexes, that now quite a number of
different varieties are known, and
others can be produced at will, to
suit any climate or any quality of
soil; but all this requires -time and a
man's life is hardly sufficient for
obtaining decisive results.
However, the question of knowing
whether the trees here will give
several crops of good and nutritious
leaves a year, is an .important one,
for it commands the selection of the
variety of worm to be procured. The
Uuj.ixtin yesterday seemed to ad
vance that the mildness of the climate
here and the probable luxuriant
growth of the tree would facilitate
the management of the worms. " But
this is not absolutely exact nor
necessary, for there exist several
varieties of mulbeny Bilk
worms, and consequently those can
be selected to follow the growth of
the trees and the requirements of the
climate. We must select our worms
to suit the trees and not these for
the worms. The races of worms
can, bo divided into two general
classes, those which breed only once
a year like the old European varie
ties, generally with ycry large and
very white cocoons, and those which
hatch naturally several times a year,
called in Europe according to the
number of j-carly breeds, W, tri,
rjitatri, voltini. To these belong
the Japanese varieties with small
green cocoons, and the Chinese with
very deep yellow ones.
Now these repeated hatchers arc
failures in countries where the vegc.
talion of tho mulberry tice is not
rapid enough to give several crops
of leaves a year, for old leaves are
too hard for young worms j yet hero
they might be just the proper thing,
but this can only be settled by years
of cxpciimentnl trials. Consequently
what we want here is gradual prac
tice, and those who will now rush
into random silk growing at once,
without practical knowledge of the
local fitness of our islands, and of
the varieties of trees and of worms
requircd,will only rush(as ithappensd
in California) into failures which may
destroy or endanger tho real future
success of this promising industry.
But to those who arc in a hurry,
and cannot tcsist the in go or tem
porary enthusiasm, I mall say that
the mulberry ilk worm (liomhyx or
fitricariu mori) is not tho only in
sect pioduclng silk, and there is es
pecially a variety which feeds on
Now a vaiictyof this plant grows
abundantly wild here, and 1 think it
would be 'an experiment worthy of
the greatest attention, to send for
some eggs of the Scricaria Jlicini,
and to try how this kind of silk
worm would thrive here (not of
course in open air, for fear of giving
loo much occupation to our inymth
friends, but under shelter like the
mulberry worm). The silk of this
Stricuria Jiicini is not so fine and
marketable as that of the ordinary
Jiombyx, but would, anyhow, if suc
cessful, constitute a new industry
for which there would be no prelimi
nary trouble i and no other expense
than the cost of the eggs and of
the labor for gathering the leaves.
Anyhow, for any further informa
tion on sericulture which it might
bo in my power to give, I would
gladly put myself at the disposition
of any intending pioneer of llawai-
ian silk culture
Honolulu, March 2.").
rpo PURCHASE, Mulberry lcaxcs.
X Address L. M., olllee of this papei.
17ORMANand wife, with arroiiinio
? djtion to cook foi themselves, or
boaid with the family. Apply at 107
Nuuanu Street 070 tf
i N EMER AM) STONE out of a 1 ing,
CJL between the Saratoga House and
the coiner ol Meichant and Alakca Sts.
The Under will bo-liberally rewauled by
leaving the same at Hinglev's Cigar
Store, King Slieet. 071) 3t
E. G. SCHUMAN,
King Street, near Lincoln's.
Repairing and eveiy dlseripllou in the
Curiiago and Wagon line
Estimates ami diawings furnished for
all Cariiagennd Wagon building.
I have also got up a ne v kind of Buggy
Curl, which for rhc tpues. and puu'i
bility e.cecds am can ivei brought
lo this couutn,
WITH OR WITHOUT FOLDING TOP.
I would beg to notify the public in gen
eial that 1 1 ac t p -iicd a.
CAEHIAGE AHD WAGON SHOP
on King btreet, 11 1 the ol 1 f-lnnd of M. J.
Ro.-e, and lately id'tiplcd by Messrs.
Whitman & tight, whcie 1 am pre
pared to do any kind of
CARRIAGE & "WAGON WORK,
in n fust class, duiahle and piactical
manner. By close and pi ompt attention
to businesstatisfactory work, low and
teasonable charge I hope to merit some
of the public pationage.
JUS. G. SCHUMAN.
King Stieet, adjoining Ceo. W. Lincoln,
079 Contractor and Builder. 8m
nucK list oti1
I'K.n 10 100 1000
18lo 24 inchoi.. COo $1.00 $2000
2 to '.1 feet 0c (I.CO 115.00
a to 4 feet SI.l'j 8.C0 C5 00
run 10 100 1000
4 to C inches... i? 2.00 $10.00
G to 12 inches.. COc 2.50 15.00
13 to 18 " .. COc a.DO 20.00
18 to 21 " .. 75c 5.00 !!0.00
2 to a feet.. ..,1.00 7.00 40.00
!!to4 " 1.25 9.00
4 to 5 " 1.75 12.00
5t0L " B.r.0 10.00
Cuttings, per 100, 1.00; per 1,000, ..00.
White Mulbeny Seed, per ounce, !!0
cents; per puuuri, $i).00.
Russian Mulbeiry Seed, per ounce, CO
cciitsj per pound, 7 00.
Miss Nellie Lincoln Rossiter
Is Agent for the following papers;
South and West, hemi.monthly, COc a
Farmer's Call, weekly, 50c per year;
Farmer's Home, monthly, 50c per year;
Homo and School Visitor, monthly,
7Cc per year.
As an inducement to natlies to order
their Silk Worm Eggs (luring the sum.
mer, to ne lorwarueu in the tail, I oiler
premiums, from April Iht, as follow;
For 1, 2,000 egiM, and a book of in-
For 2.5,000 eggs, book ol iiistiuctloii
unu any ono paper.
For 8, Yo., eggs, and any two panels.
For 5, 1 o., eggb, two papeis unit book.
For $0.50, 2 oz. eggs, and tlneu papers.
For 14, a o.. eggs, a papers and book.
For 17, 4 oz. eggs, ami four papeis.
For '-'1, fi 07.. eggs, -1 papeis and book.
Tho above charges "arotho regular
lijt-prices for eggs," and the papers will
Urgent as hero 8tateil for one year.
Those bending orders thioiigh tho mm-
'mer, accompanied by the cash amount,
(Post-OIIleo-owlcrs payable to me, on
I'oftOIHco, I'einberton, New Jcisuy, U.
S. (A.) will receive tho piemiuiiis to
whieh their oidcr cnlliles them, com.
Miieucing at once, and iho eggs will he
(MmJt about November 1st.
.VKI.Mi: I.I.VCOI.X ItOKKITKIt,
Practical Silk Culturlst,
New Lisbon, Burlington Co.,
077 NEW JEKSKi'.
ANNUAL CLEARANCE SALE
m ha I M II ID ma bubo IUp 0
. 63 FORT STREET.
to x """j ?
In order to innko room Tor our unsurpassed .sloclc which
is being" bought regardless of expense or trouble at the
present time in Eastern Markets by S. COIIjST & CO.
Prices Eeduced in
Has RemoTeu te
Large invoices of Goods (of all descriptions) having been received by me, they
WILL BE SOLD AT LOWER PRICES,
Than the same qimliiy of tfiocds can be pui chased elsewheic in Honolulu, mid
satisfaction guaranteed. My .stock consists of all kinds of AMEBIOAN,
ENGLISH AND SYDNEY MANUFACTURE,
Saddles, Belts, Pouches, leggings, Saddle Cloths, School Bags, &c,
Bits, Spurs and Stirrups, &c, in Nickel and Silver Plato
The reputation of my HOME-MADE HARNESS for superiority of workmanship
and material remains unchallenged during my six years' residence here.
Thankful for the generous patronage of the pam, its continuance and increase in
the fiituii! is icspectlully solicited at the old stand.
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN,
The Only Recognized General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands.
Offices in Campbell's Firo-proof Buildintr, 27 Merchant St., Honolulu, H. I
1. O. Box :Jlf j : t : X,sl'iliojio 173.
HEAL ESTATE AGENT Buys and bells Heal Estate in all parts of the King
dom. Rents Ofllces, Houses, Cottages and H001113.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR WILDER'S INTER-ISLAND STEAMERS-Tour
istsand the Traveling Public will apply to me for Tickets ami Information to
SOLIOITJNG AGENT FOR THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEW
,.P ' Ill(! Largest, Giandest and Soundest Institution of Its kind in the
AGENT FOR THE GREAT BURLINGTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN AMERICA
Ihis Route excels all other mutes going EaFt, the Kcnery being the graiidost,
the meals the choicest mid tho Palace and Dining Cms the handsomest and mott
EMPLOYMENT 'AGENT Finds Employment for all letking woik in the vail
011s bianche of hulustiy on tho Islaudb.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON FIRE INSURANCE ( O.
lho best known Company in the Islands.
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKER Enter Goods at Custom House, pays and tlli-eliiirircs
1 1 eight and Duty Bills under power of Attorney.
MON1A BROKER Loans Money at all times on llrl-ehifH becuiiliy.
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENT-I.ogal Papeis of eveiy description drawn. Bills
Distributed ami Collected. Books ami Accounts kept and adjusted. Rccoids
bearclicd, llcntb Collected. Taxes and Insuiauco on Pioperly looked alter.
Conylnir and EmriobhiiiL' done. A1lv1nM1.m1w.11tu v.u,.i .;,... a.ii,i,.3 1
pomleneo and Commere a Buhlness
AGENT FOR '1 HE NEW MUSIC HALL AT HONOLULU-Coinpanie al
will correspond with me for terms, etc. Ciders for Island Shells, Cm los
bpeeiniens.Nalhe Views and Photos carefully filled and foiw.11 tied to all'
of tho Woild
Z3f Information iippeiluliiing to the Iblands given and till coirespondcnco faith,
103 Fort Street
miiiii in iiiiijunBiyfrrapmBiiatg-. B T'
The Corner Harness Store
Still to the Front !
Corner of Fort and King streets, Honolulu, II. I
. mi .ii .x II 1 I III
or wirv nninm mnn.mii ,....1 1..
' ' ' "J ""' ",t,J
JOSIWH E. WISEMAN,
Business Agent, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
, ie4- ,jjw &f joi
ii ..J-!,.., . J , - - - , f it. . . . . L(il .1 ..
kfiBa,fiAilu..t$. f.4&H .. iBfl&-..M' 4" MStC
wj& &m-m&& Mw&ab. $&&?&&