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AH person1' are hereby roi bidden lo
butlie In tin' io(il at Kapuua Kails In
Nuitauu Valley, or in an way to ilcllle
tin; water supplying tlic, f:imu or lo tlus.
pas nit tin adjacent fjrounils.
Any pciMon disicgarding till notice
will bo piosceutcd to the rtill extent of
C1IAS. 15. WILSON,
Superintendent or Wnt ci W'oik.-.
Ciias. T. Ulm.h K,
Minister of Interim.
Oillce Honolulu Water Works
tiTtl lm March '.'.itn, isso. )
bTsiToI Co., 1$ ANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Island?.
Draw Uvchange on the
LSuiiU tL C'ulil'oriiia, S. IT.
And their agents In
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. X. M. Rothschild .fcison, London.
The Comniercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
Tlio Hank of New Zealand: Auckland,
ClirMchuioh, and Wellington.
The Bank of British Columbia, Vic
toriu, B. C. and Pot Hand, Or.
Transact a General Hanking Business.
PlcilgoJ to neither Sect nor Party.
But established for tho benefit of all.
FRIDAY. MARCH 27, lSS.").
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Roller Coaster, 7.
Imp. Order of Red Men, at 7:110.
Morning Star Lodge, K of J. 7 :30
A FRIENDLY CONTROVERSY.
There was no unkindncss dreamed
of in commenting upon the letter of
Mr. Marques in yesterday's issue.
The first portion of the article com
plained of by our friend was meant
as a general reply to his letter as a
whole. It was written under the
conviction that if the letter had its
natural effect upon the public mind,
there was an end to the project of
silk culture in these Islands. Con
.vincc the people that it will take ten
years of patient toil and attention to
get suitable food for the silk worm,
evcu then to have no reasonable as
surance of success in feeding it, and
how many of those now interested in
the matter would give any further
thought to it? We fully appreciate
Mr. Marqucs's good intentions in
the matter, and recognize the fact
that he speaks as one knowing what
he is talking about, so far as he has
gone. Yet we still hold to the ob
jection made yesterday to the gen
eral tenor of his letter, namely, that
it applied the conclusions of experi
ence elsewhere lo this country with
out &howing any identity of circum
stances. Although utterly without
personal knowledge of silk culture,
wo have access to reliable sources of
information both in the United States
and here. A vulnerable point for
comment that wc passed in Mr. Mar
qucs's letter was wheic he expressed
fear of people rushing too deeply
into silk-raising operations. As it is
not thogp who have much capital to
invest who arc evincing interest in
the matter, there is not likely much
more than a little safe experimenting
to be done at the most right away.
What made us write strongly was
the fear that, in his evidently well
meant effort to pi event a "craze"
from seizing the people, Mr. Mar
ques made the difliculties in the way
of the enterprise appear so formida
ble as to quench the enthusiasm that
wo were gratified lo see developing
under our humble but persistent
efforts. Wc do not know that what
some people call a craze is always a
bad thing. A wave of high enthu
siasm in a good cause may quickly
recede, but it may leave a well
defined tide-marl; behind it marking
permanent progress. When a great
many people engage in a new enter
prise there is more chance of somo
succeeding, and thus icvcaling the
proper conditions of success, than
when only a few engage in it. There
fore, in an industry like silk cultuic
would be here, where competition is
not between people of the country,
but with people of other countries,
enthusiasm amounting to just a
degree short of u craze is not to be
deprecated or discouraged. As said
yesterday, wc go n certtiln distance
with Mr. Marques, nllhougli, after
rending Ills own letter over in print,
lie may possibly himself mlinil tlml
It was loo much of tho wcl blanket
soil, lie is woithy of till comincnda
lion, however, for tin1 interest he
shows in this ami oilier matters of
importance to the country. These
columns are cordially placed nl the
fiulhci' service of his industrious,
intelligent, and peaec-fonllicrcd pen.
Another correspondent gives .sonic
of the. information that Mr. Maiqucs
asks for, showing Hint silk-raising
ought not to be n very formidable
undertaking for the people of the
The Boston Herald has lately
made some investigations into the
wholcsomcness of canned foods. Its
conclusion is that "there appears to
be no decided proof of evil effects of
canned foods traceable directly lo
the lead or tin taken up by the juice
of the fruits." Cases of injury from
canned meats and fish arc regarded
more as having been causcd'Jby tho
contents being unwholesome in them
selves than having absorbed any
deleterious properties from the tin.
Tin sufllcicnt to cause injury has
been found in the juice of canned
fruits, but the chemist reporting it
says it was only in the case of verj
acid fruit, such as apples and rhu
barb. Prof Aufield made the most
satisfactory examination of the goods
in question. He examined sixteen
kinds within two or three months,
and found tin in small amounts in
many of them ; but he did not think
(it was present in such quantities as
to be harmful. Indeed, he thought
more tin was likely to be taken up
by food from saucepans while cook
ing, lie found, however, that the
material of the cans was attacked
much more readily when exposed to
the air. Therefore, it was advisable
to empty out the contents of a can,
immediately after opening it, into
another vessel. The professor
thought there was more danger to
people from noxious gases in the air
they breathed than from poisonous
ingredients in the food they ate.
Milk might sometimes be unwhole
some, but it was seldom adulterated
except with water. Sometimes dis
ease had appeared fiom milk, when
the cause was washing milk dishes
with impure water. We may add
that it is generally held that milk is
a very ready absorbent of properties
in the air to which it is exposed, so
that it is all important that the
dairies supplying the public should
be under proper sanitary supervi
sion. The above evidence regarding
canned foods will be welcome in
formation to any of our people who
may have been scared in any degree
by recently reported cases of poison
ing from those aiticlcs. As we hare
said at different times, there seems
to be very little danger from using
canned meats or fruits, provided
they arc wholesome when put up,
and not too old nor left too long in
the tin when opened.
Knrion Uui.i.iniN: Mr. Marques
is entitled to the thanks of this his
adopted country for his frank, calm,
and rational discussion, through the
public press, of questions of public
importance. His latest utterances,
on sericulture, contain information
and hints of value to intending silk
cultiirists in this country. But 1
venture the opinion that Mr.
Marques, practical silk culturist
though he may be, is a little out
in some of his conclusions. He
seems to draw the erroneous infer
ence that because the mulberry tiee
requires a growth of nine or ten
years in Europo before its leaves
can be shipped for silk worm feed
ing it must require a similar period
elsewhere. If I understand Mr.
Marques aright, and this is his
meaning, he is decidedly wrong. In
parts of China the leaf is regularly
plucked every season from trees
that have attained tho age of five
years. Twenty-live years ago a
lady commenced silk raising in a
little village near Adelaide, Austra
lia. She fed her worms with leaves
gathered from mulberry trees which
had been planted ns cuttings three
years before. Her first year's oper
ations were successful and profitable.
Ten years later she was still en
gaged in the work, and had stripped
those trees of their leaves each suc
cessive year. Moreover, they had
thriven under the process and had
attained u largo bizc. Mulberry
trees may require nine or ten yeais'
growth in I-'uropo before it is safe to
denude them of their leaves, but
they do not require half that age in
borne countries. Here in ouv clt-
mate niul soil a mulberry cutting
becomes quite n tree in three years,
equal in size to tree of mote than
double that ago In most other
countries. 11 needs no new cxpeii
inenl to prove this fact. Dozens of
experiments have been made, and
they prove the truth of my assertion.
It ccilaiuly Is beginning at the
wrong end to procure the silk
worms before having a supply of
food in readiness, but the food can
be had within three or four years at
most from the start.
" BEWARE OF RASH CAUTION."
Kmiort IIui.m.tix: When 1 began
reading your yesterday's ediloiial,
accusing me of rash cautiousness ( 1),
I thought you were going to pull me
to pieces, and was aheady wonder
ing what great crime my letter had
been guilty of to justify such an
unkind attack from you a fellow
partisan of sericulture when 1 was
only wishing to give sound and cau
tious advice lo the public on a ques
tion of public importance. But to
my great comfoit, 1 fouud that after
firing your first shot, you gradually
turned round to side with me and
concluded by giving the very same
advice of caution and moderation as
it was my intention of conveying in
my letter. However, to avoid any
misundcrstandicg, I wish to state
distinctly that I have every hope
nay I am certain that silk culture
will be a success here, if properly
managed, and that I hope all those
who can, will take their shaic in the
experimentations, and Miss Rossitcr
herself could not do more here.
Further, after reading my letter
over, I deny its being " replete with
discouraging argument against the
silk culture being profitable here."!
aii uiui i. irieu was to auvisc peo
ple who know nothing about silk
growing, and to prevent them from
rushing (on the faith of articles
written in newspapers by people who
perhaps themselves know practically
nothing about the matter) into a
delicate enterprise, requiring a good
deal of practical tact, as I know by
personal practice. And I was
specially actuated by the fear that
the failures of incompetent pioneers
might rum the future prospects of
the industry by' discouraging more
competent essays ; if you do not
want your dog to be killed, 3011
don't expose him to the danger of
being called mad. I never said that
the mulberry tree would not grow
here, but 1 simply asked and do
ask you now again how many times
it would suppott the picking of ils
leaves a year, and how it would be
necessary to prune it. I also said
that mulberry trees do not glow like
water-melons, but that they must be
at least three or four years old be
fore their leaves arc abundant enough
and I shall now add before the
foliage is nutritious enough to feed
the worms. You say that the' do
grow vigorously here I never said
the contrary; though they may not
thrive everywhere equally well, and
you add that they produce an abun
dance of fruit. This last fact would
be more inconvenient than other
wise, for the silk-grower needs moro
leaves than fruit and these must be
carefully picked away before the
leaves are given to the worms. I
shall further say, for the edification
of people (yourself perhaps) who
do not know what a large amount of
leaves is necessary for silk-worms,
that for one ounce of eggs, contain
ing between 05,000 and 40,000
(according to the race) and which,
after occupying (for picking, clean
ing leaves and attending to worms),
two persons for day and many nights
during nearly 'two months, is
expected to yield between 90 and
150 lbs. of cocoons it requires from
1,000 to over 2,000 lbs. of leaves,
some races being more voracious
than others. For the common
European race, it is calculated that
from 25 lbs. of leaves may be ob
tained SCO cocoons, weighing about
one pound aud a half. Now can
you tell me how many pounds of
leaves a tree will give here, and how
long it will take for them to grow
again? This information would be
a real advance to the solution of the
problem in which I am just as much
interested ns yourself. I shall be
thankful for the insertion of this
note, and also hope that another
time you will kindly not make me
say things I never said nor intended
to say, for the pleasure of refuting
them. A. Marquis.
LATEST F0REICN NEWS.
(By the S. S. City of New York.)
I'X(1!.AN1 AND HUbSIA.
Gladstone said in tho Commons,
17th, that tho demands of the Brit
ish Government for the withdrawal
of the Russians from their advanced
position had lapsed. Tho announce
ment was greeted with ironical
A New York Herald man inter
viewed London club men, and found
the prevailing opinion to be that
Russia had merely followed the
English example in advancing on
doubtful Afghan territory, and that
thero was no caus,cu of war yet
created by Russia. Thoy believed
peace was not likely to be maintain
ed if Sir Peter Lumsden was nllotf-
cd to control events. Sir Kichnrd
Temple, ox-Governor of Bombay,
thought Russia's massing of trooiVi
was not intended for India, but for
A general advance from Stiakim
toward Sinkat was to have begun on
the 20th. Spies repoit that the
Amardit tribe will desert the Mahdi
and join llmllrillsh.
British officers at Cairo want (leu.
Wolscloy appointed Govornor-l.eiiiM-al
of the Soudan. The British
Government refuses to make the
appointment, as it would prolong
the Biilish stay in the Soudan be
yond intended limits.
The fall of Kassala was reported
at Stiakim on the 17th.
Italian Foreign Minister said,
Marcli 17th, that Granville said,
after fall of Khartoum, in reply to
offer of help from Italy, that Eng
land could and must herself subju
gate the Soudan.
General Grant is in a weak con
dition has to get sleep by the aid
It is rumored the Duke of Con
naught will succeed Earl Spencer
as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and
that the Prince of Wales will an
nounce the event when he goes to
President Cleveland was -la years
old on the 18th.
The President surprised the poli
ticians I) sending a batch of ap
pointments to the Senate on the
On his 71st birthday, April 1st,
Bismarck will be presented with a
cop3' b3T Von Werner of his famous
historical picture, "The Proclama
tion of the German Empire at
Versailles. The original was pre
sented to the Emperor 1)3 all the
reigning sovereigns in Germany at
the time of the unification.
The United States Government
intimated to the Central Ameiican
States, that, while believing the
voluntary association of the interests
of those States desirable, it would
not couiilenanco any display of force
1)3 any one or more States to coerce
others, and that the United States
would stand readyjlo exert ils in
lluence to avert a vonllict and pro
mote peace. The American Gov
ernment has also warned Guatemala
that she would be held responsible
for injuries by her authoritj, or by
her connivance, to cables or intcicsts
of American citizens in Central
The Senate in secret session on
the IJJtli passed a resolution intro
duced 1)3 Edmunds, declaring any
violation by Guatemala of the terri
tory of Nicaragua or Costa Rica,
would be regarded an unfriendly act
against the United States.
FltAXCE AXl) C1IIXA.
The French Ambassador in China
has been ordered to renew negotia
tions for peace. The British and
Russian Ministers at Peking are
trying to arrange peace. The war
has alrcadj' cost China sixt3 million
LANDLORD'S SALE of GOODS
Taken ly ditrc for non-payment
of Bent, on
SATURDAY, APJtTJ; Ulli,
at 10 A. 31., at Salesroom.
The following articles taken by T. Wal.
lcr for non-payment of Bent by
Albert K. Kunulakea:
8 POI BARBELS,
29 BUNDLES SniXGLES,
-t POI BOABDS,
1 WEIGHING SCALES.
I). P. ADA1IS, Auctioneer.
Honolulu, March 20lh, 1885. 980 til
rpo PURCHASE, Mulberry leaves.
X AUilrchR L. 31., office of this paper.
17011 MAN ami wife, with accommo.
JL? ilatioa to cook for themselves, or
hoard with the family.
AN EMERALD STONE out of a ring,
between the Saratoga Hoiiic and
the coiner of Merchant and Alakea Sts.
The Under will be liberally rewarded by
leaving the saute at Ilinglcy's Cigar
Store, King Street. 979 31
TY A JAPANESE as Clerk In a store
can speak English. Apply to
O. K1NTARO, Japanese,
No. ia school Htrcet.
ritWENTY KOU LOGS. Can be seen
X in the stable yard of the Hon. O.
R. Bishop, Kins Street. They will bo
offered at miction April 1ft. Parties
can inspect them at tho above pluiT.
TO KENT FURNISHED.
ONE OF the most convenient and
cosy collates with choice furni.
turc complete to lent on Fort Street, be.
tween Kukui and School Street?. Cot.
tago contains it belli coins, dining room,
pallor, bathroom with wash homo,
chicken home, lino gniden, and shade
trees, To let for 1 year to a responsible
parly, Apply to
J. E. WISEMAN,
970 1 w General Business Agent.
ANNUAL CLEARANCE SALE
63 FORT STREET.
order to make room for our .unsurpassed stock which
is being bought regardless of expense or trouble at the
present time in Eastern Markets by S. COIITtf & CO.
Prices Miiced in
Has Removefl to
VjiiowHr'li B00TS AND SH0ES 1 ill
40ifa e orner Harness Store
Large invoices of Goods (of all descriptions) having been received by me, they
WILL BE SOLD AT LOWER PRICES,
Than the same quail ly of Oooils can bo purchased elsewbeic in Honolulu, and
satisfaction guaranteed. My stock consists of nil kinds of AMERICAN,
ENGLISH AND SYDNEY MANUFACTURE,
Saddles, Belts, Pouches, Leggings, Saddle Cloths, School Bags, &c,
Bits, Spurs and Stirrups, &c, in Nickel and Silver Plate
The reputation of my HOME-MADE HARNESS for superiority of workniniiBhip
and material remains unchallenged during my bix years' residence here.
Thankful for the geneious patronage of the past, Its continuance and increase in
the futures is respectfully solicited at the old btand.
SSU 3m Corner of Foit and King streets, Honolulu, IT. I
y it i t mmtt rut iimmmmmmmrdmrYi"rn-mmKM?""m. jij fn'"11 .r"-1 miwmBigtiafwffm
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN, '
Tho Only Recognized General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands.
ES'X'VUlL.ISIIEr) 1 870.
Offices in Campbell's Fire-proof Buildintr, 27 Merchant St., Honolulu, H. I
1. O. llox HIR : t : i Telejjliono 173.
REAL ESTATE AGENT Buys and fcells Real Estate In all parts of ihe King
dom. Rents OJUccs, Houses, Cottages and Rooms.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR WILDER'S INTER-ISLAND STEAMERS-Tour
istsand the Traveling Public will apply to me for Tickets nnd Information to
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEW
YORK Tho Large-t, Giandesl and Sotiiulett Institution of Its kind in the
AGENT FOR THE GREAT ItURI.lNOTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN AMERICA
This Route excels all other ionics going East, the Kcncry being tho crnndoM,
the meaK the choicest and the l'alaco and Dining Cms tho handbomcsl and inokt
comfoi table. ,
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Finds Employment for all lecklnu work in Ihe vari
ous branches of liulustiy on the Islands.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON FIRE INSURANCE CO.
The best known Company in the Iblands.
CUSTOM HOUSE HROKKR-Enters Goods at Custom House, pays and discharges
Fi eight and Duty JM1U under power of Attorney.
MONEY UROKER Loans Mouoy at all tlme3 on flr.t-clasB sccuritiy.
GENERAL JjUSJNKSS AGENT Legal Papers of every description drawn. Rills
Distributed and Collected. Hooks and Accounts kept and adjusted. Records
Searched. Rents Collected. Taxes and Insuiancii on Properly look-id alter
Copying and Engioasing done. Advertisements, Newspaper Article. Corres
pondence and Commercial Hiihlness of eveiy nature promptly and aicuratelv
attended t. , J -
AGENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL AT HONOLULU-Companlcs abroad
will correspond with 1110 for terms, etc. Oulers for Island Shells., Cuilos Iiva
Specimens, Nativu YUsws. and Photos carefully llllcd and fonvaided to all Darts
of the Woild. "
C3T Information appeitalning to the Islands given and all coircspondence faith,
JOSIOIMI K. wifeMSKAN,
873 Ooncral Business Agent, Honolulu, Hawaiiar, Itlantlj,
Marcli 6tli, 1885.
103 Fori Street
Still to the Front !