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Jis gnily giUldin.
KM DAY, MAUCU '-'7. 188.).
Till'. VOUMIDAHU: 11!(S-CI.A1S OP Till'.
UU1TBII NAVY. W.UI Mill l'
tmi: nTiir.ii nation. now
The naval powers of ttuvopo hold
rank in the following order:
Great Britain. France, Corniany,
Italy, Austria, Spain, Russia, Tur
key. 15y far the mewl powciful
naval establishment on the glolio is
that of Great Britain. According
to the latest navy lists her ships of
war of all classes number about
400. Among these arc some of the
most formidable iron-clad ships ever
built. The latter class of vessels is
being added to every year by the
construction of one or two vessels
of enormous tonnage and armament.
The style of heavy ship most in
favor uowvilh the British Admi
ralty is the class of the " Inllcxi
blc," the ship which attracted so
much of the world's attention at the
bombardment of the Alexandrian
fort's. The Inflexible is really n
floating fortress. She is Jl'JO feet
long aiul 75 feet beam at the water
line. The power and strength of
the ship is concentrated in the mid
dle, and consists of a citadel 1 2 feet
high, one-half above and one-half
below the water. The walls of this
citadel arc -11 inches thick. They
consist of armor plates 10 to 2-1
inches thick, and leak backing from
2 to 2A feet thick. The central part
of this armored citadel is filled by
two turrets 12 feet high and 28 feet
in diameter. These turrets, which
arc 21 inches thick each, hold two
81-ton guns, capable of firing a
1,700-pound shot with -150 pounds
of powder. The tonnage or dis
placement of the Inflexible is 11,
800, and her engines, which drive
her M knots an hour, are S,000
horse power. This is the most
powerful ship in the British navy.
There arc, however, ton other, ships
of the Thunderer and Devastation
class which have from 1 1 to 18 inches
of armor and arc armed with 40 and
CO ton guns. They arc of G,000
and 7,000 tonnage and 10,000 horse
power. The first iron-clad ships
built for the British navy are well
remembered, for it was those vessels
that were a great bugbear to us in
the Mason-Slidell days. They were
the Black Warrior, Minotaur,
Achilles, Black Prince and others.
They were unwieldy things, but they
carried heavy batteries of four-and-onc-half-inch
plating. So great has
been the progress in naval develop
ment in England that these vessels
which twenty years ago were
terrors of the sea, are now rated in
the fifth class. All of these ships
have, however, superior speed, and
can even now out-steam anything
John Roach has ever built for the
American navy. The actual sea
going and lighting strength of the
British navy is 1 1-1 vessels, of which 1 8
are heavy iron-clads, with five more
now building. The reserve ships,
including those for harbor defence
and coast guard, number 210.
Till: UllITIsII NAVY.
The personnel of the British navy
is as imposing as the licet. There
arc 3 Admirals of the Fleet, 10 Ad
mirals, 19 Vice Admirals, .'51 Roar
Admirals, 173 Captains, 208 Com
manders, 810 Lieutenants, and 4,
000 olllcers of lesser grades. The
annual appropriation for the support
of the naval establishment is 10,
000,000 and 11,000,000.
Tin: niKxcii navy.
The navy of France numbers 802
vessels of all classes. Of these 50
are serviceable iron-clads. The
most powerful vessels now afloat arc
the turret ships Devastation, Fon
droyant and the Admiral Dupcrrc.
They arc designed onthc same lines,
are bl2 feet long, and are construct
ed mainly of steel. The Fondroyant
carries 8 guns of ID-inch calibre,
and has 14 inches of armor. Two
other ships of the Inflexible pattern,
though smaller, arc now being built,
the Bequin and the Guerricrc. They
are each 7,500 tons and will bo pro
tected by 18 inches of armor.
France builds about 4 ships a year,
the Charles Muriel and the Brennus,
both of 5,000 tons, now being on
the slocks. The personnel of the
French navy is, according to the
budget of 1881, 2 Admirals, 24 Vice
Admirals, 30 Bear Admirals, 301
Captains, 724 Lieutenants, COO les
ser ofllccrs, and 38,000 warrant ohl
ccrs and men.
KAISElt WIUWUl'S SHU'S.
Tho German nary, though one of
the youngest, is yet one of the most
compact of all the European navies.
It was only started in 1848, but has
been rapidly developed. The licet
consisted in 1883 of 7 iron-clad fri
gates, 0 iron-clad corvettes, 18 crui
sers, and 80 other ships of all
classes, but all serviceable. Thero
is no dead wood in tho German
navy. The best two ships arc the
Kaiser and the Dcutschland. They
are 280 feet long, arc covered with
10-inch steel armor, and racli carries
i 22-ton guns of tho Krtipp pattern.
WllWr WiiWIiyMtvmWMtMMMIMBIimpjIjr w
Tlioy nio 0,600 tons bin don and
8,000 horse power, and have a speed
of 15 knots. UolH wcic built in
England in 1875. Another very
powerful ship is the lvonig Williclui,
10,000 tons, 8,000 hotho power, 8A
ineli minor, and carrying IS 15-ton
guii9 and 5 10-ton guns. Smaller
iron-clads arc the Frederick dcr
Grosc, l'reusscn, Frederick Carl
and Kronprinz. Either one of these
is tenfold more powerful than any
thing ever dreamed of by John
Boach. All the German iron-clads
aio built on the British pattern a
heavily armored citadel protecting
revolving or stationary turrets. The
German navy was manned in 1881
by 0 IS olllcers of all grades and 7,
035 under olllcers, seamen and boys.
The annual cost of maintenance is
about 18,000,000 marks. Since 1874
Germany has spent but $20,000,000
in the construction of ships, but
every ono is a model of strength
ITALY ON Till: WAVi:.
While the German navy lias third
rank because of her number of ships
and olllcers, the navy of Italy is
really the more powerful. The total
number of vessels of King Humbert
is but 89, but of these 19 arc tre
mendous iron-clads. Italy has really
gone to greater extremes in the con
stiuction of iron-clad ships than any
other nation. The largest marine
engines of war ever designed have
just been completed for Italy. They
arc the Italia and the Lcpanto. They
arc sister ships, and veritable mon
sters. They arc 400 feet long, 73
feet beam, and draw 30 feet of
water. Their engines, 18,000 horse
power, are twico as powerful as any
ever constructed and are to drive
these ships 18 knots. Their arma
ments arc 4 100-ton guns, carried en
barbette, protected by 19 incites of
stccl-faccd armor, set obliquely.
These monster guns are 33 feet
above the water. Below these in
each ship are 18 4-ton 0-inch brcech
ioadiug rifles in broadside. Two
other powerful Italian ships arc tho
Dullio and'Dandolo, each carrying
four 100-ton guns, protected by
twenty-two inches of steel armor.
They arc each 11,000 tons and 8,000
horse power. All the heavy Italian
ships are built on the central-citadel
plan .that is, a combination of tur
ret and iron-clad citadel. The Ita
lian navy is manned by 1 Admiral,
4 Vice Admirals, 10 Rear Admirals,
108 Captains, 340 Lieutenants, 8,000
sailors and 3,000 gunners and tor
pedo men. The administration of
the Italian navy during the past six
years has been remarkably success
ful, and affords an cxccllcut model
for the rehabilitation of the navy of
the United States. Naval people,
however, generally condemn the
building of such enormous ships as
the Italia and Lcpanto. Ships of the
Inflexible type arc regarded as more
cflicient and economical. The cost
of these ships was 84,000,000 each.
Tho navy of Austria consists of
13 iron-clad vessels and 37 others.
Most of the latter are inconsequen
tial. The finest ship of the Austrian
licet is the Tegcthoff, 7,500 ton
nage, 7,000 horse power and 14A
inch armor. She is armed with six
27-ton guns. Another armored ship
is now being built, heavier and su
perior in every way to the Tegcthoff .
blie will nave lo inches or armor,
be armed with 100-ton guns and be
capable of steaming 18 knots. The
Austrian navy has two Vice-Admirals,
(i Bear Admirals, 35 Captains,
22 commanders and 150 Lieuten
ants. Tin: ucssian navy.
The Bussian navy consists of two
fleets, the Baltic licet and the
Black Sea licet. Both fleets consist
ofagreatnumbcrof ships, butjlikc the
American navy, they do not amou nt to
much. In the matter of iron-clads
Bussia is especially weak. She has
but one really llrst-class armored
ship., Peter the Great. This is a
10,000-ton ship, 8,000 horse power,
14 inches of armor, carrying 4 12-
inch Krtipp guns. But she lias 10
other armored ships, with 0 and 7
inch armor and 10 and 1 1 inch giuiB.
Two other vessels are now building,
to match Peter the Great, the
Tcchcsmc and tho Sinope. They
arc to have 18-inch plating, and are
to carry, en barbette and in turret
and citadel, G 12-inch Krupp guns
and 7 6-inch rifles. They aro to be
finished in 1880. In another respect
the Bussian navy resembles that of
the United States its great number
of olllcers though Bussia is a little
ahead. Bussia has no less than 130
Admirals, Vice-Admirals and Bear
Admiral, 050 Captains aud 27,000
thi: smam.i:u navii:s.
Tho navy of Spain lias not kept
pace with naval developments in
other countries. She has 124 ships,
but only 7 of them are iron-clads of
any consequence. Of these tho best
is the Vittorio, built in 1808. She
is 7,000 tons and carries 4 12-ton, 3
9-ton and 12 7-ton guns a very
powerful armament. She is armored
from stem to stern with 5i-incli
plates. The Numaucia is " next
and nearly equal in rank, but the
rest of Spain's iron-clads arc far
below the present European stand
aid. Spain has one Admiral, and
30 Vioo and Uonr Admiral, nnd Oil
commissioned olllcers of vniious
The Turkish navy consists almost
wholly of Iron-clads. Thero nro
three of tho first class and four of
the second. The largest of these i9
the Mcssondiyc, 9,000 tons, 8,000
horse-power and 12iiich armor. She
carries 12 18-ton guns and il (U-tons.
She was built in England in 1875.
Though tho Turkish (loci numbers
but fifteen vessels all told, thero are
0 Vice Admirals, 11 Bear Admirals,
208 Captains, 289 Vice Captains,
228 Lieutenants, 187 Ensigns and
30,000 sailors. What the "Sick
Man " docs with all these it is
dinicult lo say.
The smaller navies of Europe
those of Denmark, Sweden and
Norway are scarcely known of in
this country. Denmark has, how
ever, 8 armored ships, one of "which,
the Heligoland, is 0,000 tons, and
lias 12 inches of armor, and carries
five 30-ton Krupp guns. She was
completed in 1880. Sweden lias a
considerable navy of small ships,
but only four iron-clads. Naturally
enough these are the regular Ameri
can monitor class, ami of course one
is called the John Ericsson, after
the great Swedish inventor of that
type of vessel. Uhicarjo Herald.
Building Lots for Sale.
SEVERAL bulMlng lots for sale or
rent nt Knpalama, near the Niuhc
lowai bridge, on the Ewa side of the
lane leading lo Austin's estate Eay
terms. Apply to AW C. ACM,
Law oflicc of W. It. Cnstlc. S87 tf
My Book of Instruction,
"SILK AND THE SILK WORM,"
Gives all necessary information.
Price, Twenty-Five CciiIh per ropy.
Silk Worm Egg?, Reels, Trees, Cut
tings, Seeds, &c, for salo at llio very
lowest market rales.
Thermometer and Barometer Combined
For use of Silk Kaisers, free by mail
only 75 cents.
I will Ijo pleased to give information
to correspondents who apply by letter,
inclosing two-cent stamp for reply.
(Specimen IIoxph of CnrooiiH & Keel
ed Hlllt. 25 CenlM.;
None but articles of tho firstquality sold
Address all communications to
Miss Nellie Lincoln Rossiter,
Practical Silk Culturist,
New Lisbon, Burlington Co.
0U NEW JERSEY.
A Select Stock
The Latest Yet !
Nothing Like this in the Market
Call and Examine for Yourself !
On her last trip, brought to these
Islands the best Selected Stock of
Ladies', Children's and Men's Wear
Lino ever brought to this market.
Mr. P. Mclnefny
a store next to Lycan & Co.'s, Fort
Street, whero thu above stock can
This large stock has been selected
with great care and bought
And will bo sold at living rates.
Everything that belongs to a first
class Hoot and Shoo store can be
REMEMBER THE PLACE,
Fort Street, next door to
Lycan & Co.
AVI IjI WOK'S s.
&&& KIiir, Commander,
Leaves Honolulu ench Tuesday at
1 p.m., touehit'.g nt Lihaltm, Mniv
lncn Hay, Makena, MahUknna, Kn
walhae, Lniipabnclioo and Hilo.
Returning, will touch at all tho
alovo )orts, arriving at Honolulu
each Saturday nflcrnnnu.
VOW KOI.OA.fc WAIMEA,
The Clipper Schooner
F. Kibbling, ... - Master,
Will inn regular! v to the ports of
KOLOA, HANAl'El'E & WAIMEA,
KAUAI. For freight or passage apply
lo the Captain on board, or to the
l'Acirrc Navkution Co.,
800 Dm Cor. Nuimnu it Queen sis.
T111J KAST RAIMNO
will run icgtilnrly
TO WAIALUA EVERY MONDAY,
Returning on Thursday, wetitlier
For freight or passage apply to the
Captain on board, or to
Paciiic Navigation Co.,
POI ! POI !
WIlcox'H Machine 31ntle.
Families and others in want of Uood,
Machine Made Poi,
Can obtain the same in quantities to
suit by leaving orders and con.
IT. H. OAT,
A PURE, WHOLESOME, RE
According to the highest and best medi
Manufactory, : : : No. 13 Lllllia St:
P. O. Box, :57il. Telephone, 284.
jgyAll oidurs locijivo prompt attention.
"Key" Brand Gin
For Sale in quantities to suit.
Freeth & Peacock,
23 NUUANU STREET,
Corner at I'oi-t nud Jlotul 81m.
liseii from lie Isles !
LOVE'S NEW BAKERY
MRS. LOVE desires to intimate to
. her numerous old customer and
the public generally, thnt her bakery,
Has been restored in handsome, sub
btantial and convenient form, Shu Is
therefore prepared to bupply tho largest
Plain and Fancy Bread
of tho best quality, and manufactured
hy the most improved methods.
Everything In the Hue of a Hrst-cliiss
bakery will ho carried on with greater
facility than before thu (Ire.
The Lunch & Coffee Room
is also restored in mpro olcganl Btylo
than ever, and at rates that cannot bit
underbid by any restaurant.
Brick Building, 73 Nutianu Slroot.
Honolulu, Deo. 13,1681. 892
AUKXT TO TAKE
Acknowledgments to Labor pontracls.
Office with Mr. Fishbourno
1 P-41 V1-
i IRK -""($
O. J. IIauuki:, Proprietor.
Contracting; & Building:
Mouldings and Finish always on hand.
t&r Ordor promptly attended lo. -tDa
Jlnril.niHl ttui'l Wove Wood.
034 Cut nnd Split ly
TTAVING ENLARGED THESE
Central & Commodious Stables
we arc prepared to furnish first-ohms
turnouts wllh gentle hordes, with or
without drivers, A line wagonette in
IlnckH at all Hoiu-m.
day aud night. Horses taken to board
by dny, week, or month, on reaHonnble
terms. Saddle horses to let.
Hoi'Kes J3otifBflvfc iiiul Sold,
O. W. MACFARLANE, )p ,
E. It. MILES. ) l rol s
929 3m C2TTelcplioiui No. 32.
LABNE & CO.
Have a Large Stock of the
VEB,Y BEST HAY.
Which is offered at Lowest Market Prices
Delivered Freoto any part of tho City
AGENTS FOS THE
Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Co
Agents for the Hoover Telephone.
Commissioner of Deodsfor California
Telephone No. 147. 700
Tin, Copiier and Sheet Iron Worker
Plumber, Gas Fitter, &c.
Stoves and Ranges
of all kinds.
Plumbers' stock and metals,
House Furnishing Goods,
7? Chandeliers, Lamps, &c.
Macieale & M Safes !
Honolulu, Jan. 11, 1885.
C. O. BERGER, Esq.,
Agent Macneale & Urban Safes.
It is with great pleasure that
I add my testimony to the Fire-Proof
qualities of your Safes.
I had a small single door Macneale &
Urban Safo in Inst iiijjht's tcrriblo fire,
and, on opening tho sumc this morning,
found its contents consisting of books,
pnpers, and monoy to the amount of
$1040-IN PERFECT CONDITION.
I am so well oatisllod with the result
that I want another No. 3 Safe at once.
GEO. il. RAUPP,
020 Gcrmauia Miukct.
Every Description of Job Printing
Executed with neatness nnd dispatch,
Daily Bulletin Steam Printing Office,
Ball Programs '
Bills of Liding
3 -HKH.IIWf l.-y-'0 .
G. BREWER & CO.
Oiler for fr$le
LIST OF MRuMMSE,
Light Express .Wagon,
Ex Top Cnrrlngcs.
STEALS C OAL.
Coin. AVood Chairs,
Fine Molasses Sliooks,
Ice Chests, Nos, 2, t), nnd .1,
Lobsters, lib tua jipenns, 31b Ins
Hay Cutters, Nos. 1, 2, & 3.
Falrbank's Scales, Nos. 7,8,10 &11
Leather Belling, '
Ceuliifugnl Lining, 1-1 Inch ;
Coiiin. Nails, 1J, 1.14 inch.
Manila Cordage, Assorted:
Galvanized Fence Staples,
FARMERS BOILERS 20 AND 25 CALLS,!
Sisal Rope, Assorted,
Y. METAL SHEATHING
10, 18,20, 22, 24 and 20 oz.;
I Hair Mattresses !
Grindstones, Rubber Hose,
Hide Poison, Barbed
ANNEALED FENCE WIRE,
Galvanized Screws nnd Washers.
Horse Shoeing a specialty
A first-class man being specially engaged
for that work.
Ship and Wagon work faithfully
Shop on the Esplanade, op. IIopper'n.204
c. j. McCarthy,
OF THE ASTOR HOUSE
70 Hotel Street.
Has just received, per Alameda, the fol
lowing elioice brands of
American Cigars !
Beauty's Bower, Henry Clay,
Sampler, Stud, Crane, Western Belle
La Belle California Las Ninfus,
Full Moon, Snow Drop,
I" These Cigars are manufactured
from the choicest of American and Ha
Come a.nl try tliom I
jSfe? Visiting Cards