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m silk future. The 0ny viticultural Paper in
P SOJin FACTS AND ISSTltUCTIOXS SKU-
m, dKSTIU) 31V QUE1UKS.
t The capital required to start in
silk culture must be determined by
the quantity of food nt command
(mulberry or osngc orange), by the
room or space that can be spared for
the worms, and by the amount of
help to be depended on when wanted,
during the last age in particular, of
the silk worms. For the first it is
bard to make a calculation. Hut it
is fair to say that an acre of ground
planted with the mulberry trees set
in rows six feet apart, each tree
three feet from the next, say 2,400
trees, should feed (at their -1th or
5th year) 200,000 silk worms (say
five ounces of eggs). These trees
are supposed to be as a hedge around
the acre of ground. Standard trees
should be bet out at greater distances
apart 200 to 250 trees to the acre.
One old, fall grown tree has been
known .to feed G,000 silk worms.
This statement will give some idea
of the number of eggs that should
be ordered for a start by those hav
ing trees from which to get- the
leaves. As to the osagc orange,
where they do grow, being almost
invariably in hedges, no calculation
is necessary as to the number of eggs
that should be ordered, the leaves
being in such profusion. But a
warning is necessary against hatch
ing out more worms than there
is either room or help to have them
properly attended to, for, if not pro
perly attended to, they will not give
satisfactory returns. Space required
for -10,000 worms (one ounce of
eggs), lOxli) feet, I) feet from Iloor
to ceiling ; for 100,000 worms (or
two to three ounces cf eggs), 10x20
feet, 10 feet to ceiling. One person
can properly care for 20,000 worms
(one-half ounce of eggs) with a
little help (boy or girl) after the
The osagc orange produces silk
equal in quality and price with that
of the mulberry. It is not, however,
advisable to set out the osage ex
pressly for silk raising, as, besides
the thorns being a serious objection,
it is believed that the quality of the
silk deteriorates in time from con
stant feeding of the worms on the
leaves of that plant.
The advice so much given of late
to beginners "that it is unsafe to
start more than a thousand or two
of eggs the first season," is very un
wise, and would only result in dis
couraging, not only the raiser but all
interested friends. Thore is no rea
son for such advice, except it may
be "for the benefit of the egg seller,"
who wishes to make a large profit by
selling in "small quantities at a large
price. While it is true that selling a
couple of thousands of eggs for less
than one dollar or, in fact, to sell
any quantity of eggs for less than
that amount, would be of no real
advantage or profit to the seller,
when it is considered that it costs as
much in time, labor, paper, enve
lopes and postage, to sell one thous
and eggs, as it does to sell an ounce.
It is no more than fair, not to mis
lead thoso anxious to engage in the
industry, to make this statement,
that for "experiment or pastime"
silk worm eggs by the thousand will
suffice, but for profit not less than
one half ounce of eggs will be re
quired. Any person or family with
good eggs and reliable instructions,
plainly given and easily understood,
can as easily raise worms from 20,
000 as from 1,000 eggs. There is
no necessity for any one to have ex
perience to enable them to raise onc
lialf ounce or even one ounce of
eggs, or rather the worms from that
number of eggs. The work is very
simple, but must bo properly attend
ed to. It is not so much a practical
knowledge, but proper care and at
tention that is needed. The proofs
of this are right here before me
both letters and specimens
showing conclusively that many
have raised, their first season, with
out any other instructions or know
ledge than that gained from my
book, cocoons of fine quality that
have sold for 1)0 cents to SI. 15 per
pound dried ; and that price pays
for the time employed. Take the
result of one-half ounce eggs, say
10, 18, or 20 pounds of cocoona
(after being stilled and dried) or of
one ounce of eggs, say 30 to -10
pounds of cocoons, or of two ounces
of eggs, 75 to 80 pounds of cocoohb,
raised in six to seven weeks, and
selling for the prices named, and I
claim that it is fair pay for the time
employed, at very pleasant labor,
and for time that may be otherwise
wasted. It is certainly no more
than natural that any person raising
silk worms would wish somo return
for their labor, evon if it only
covered their expenses for starting,
and a3 that can not bo done with
less than one-half ounco of eggs, it
is unwise and mi injury to tlio inter
ests of the industry to advocato to
those interested the purchase of a
small quantity of eggs, " unless tho
statement is mado as above." Tho
cost of starting is principally tho
cost of tho eggs, ub the fixtures aro
easily and cheaply mado at home.
Nellie Lincoln Eossixer.
Devoted to Viticulture, Olive Culture,
Sericulture, and oilier Productions,
Manufactures nnd Commerce of
the Pacific Const.
A Splendid Advertising Modium
For Hawaiian Bushics Men desirous of
forming trade connections
on the Coait.
TERMS Three Dollars per annum;
$1.75 for six months.
Charles K. Buukland,
Editor nnd Proprietor.
OFFICE 323 Front Street. Post-Ofllcc
Box, 2308, San Francisco, California.
XMtlOE HT OF
l'EU 10 100 1000
18 to 2( inches.. GOc 4.00 $20.00
2 toll feet UOc 11.00 !J5.00
3 tot feet $1.25 8.50 55.00
1-Eii 10 100 1000
4 toe inches... !? 2.00 $10.00
0 to 12 indies.. 50c 2.50 15.00
12 to is " .. cOc a.no 20.00
IS to 21 " .. 75o 5.00 :!0.00
2 to a feet $1.00 7.00 40.00
a to 4 " 1.25 0.00
4 tn5 1.75 12.00
5 to t " 2.C0 10.00
Cuttings Pr 100, $1.00; per 1,000, SG.CO.
White Mulbeiry Seed, per ounce, SO
cents; tier pound, $3.00.
Ilu'siun Mulbeiry Sml, per ounce, GO
cents; per pound, 7.00.
Miss Nellie Lincoln Rossiter
Is Agent for the following papers:
South and West, semi-monthly, GOc a
Farmer's Call, weekly, 50c per year;
Farmer's Home, monthly, 50c per year;
Home and School Visitor, monthly,
75c per year.
As an inducement to parties to order
their Silk Worm Ecks during the sum.
mer, to he forwarded in the tall, I oiler
premiums, from April 1st, as follows:
For 1, 2,000 egas, nnd a book of in
struction. For $2, 5,000 eggs, book of instruction
and any one paper.
For $3, 4oz. eggs, and any two papers.
For 5, 1 oz. eggs, two papers and hook.
For $9.50, 2 oz. eggs, and three papers.
For 14, 3 oz. eggs, 3 papers and book.
For 17, 4 oz. eggs, and four pnpers.
For 21, 5 oz. eggs, 4 papers nnd book.
The above charges "are the lcgular
list prices for eggs' and the papers will
be sent as here stated for one year.
Those sending orders through the sum.
mer, accompanied by the cash amount,
(I'ost-Offlce orders payable to me, on
Post-Officc, Pcmherton, Now Jersey, U.
S. A.) will receive the premiums to
which their order entitles them, com
mencing at once, nnd the eggs will be
sent about November 1st.
m:i.i.ii: jmxcoijX uossitkk.
Practical Silk Culturist,
New Lisbon, Burlington Co.,
977 NEW JERSEY.
My Book of Instruction,
"SILK AND THE SILK WORM,"
Gives all necessary information.
Price, Twenty-Five CcntN per copy.
Silk Worm Eggs, Heels, Trees, Cut
tings, Seeds, &c for sale at the very
lowest maikct rates.
Thermometer and Barometer Combined
For use of Silk Raiser?, free by mail
only 75 cents.
I will be pleased to give information
to correspondents who apply by letter,
inclosing two-cent stamp for reply.
Hpcc-lmcii JtOXL'H of Cocooiih & Itool-
cii Hiiu, as ontH.:
None but articles of the first quality sold
Address all communications to
Miss Nellie Lincoln Rossiter,
Practical Silk Culturist,
New Lisbon, Burlington Co.
944 NEW JERSEY.
Corner or Fort auu Hotel gtn.
Carriage and Wagon Maker,
King Street, near Lincoln's.
Repairing, Blncksmithing ami every description in the Carriage ami "Wagon
line manufactured.. Estimates mid drawings furnished for all Car
riage and "Wagon building. 1 have also got up a new kind of Buggy
Cart, which for cheapness and practicability exceeds any cart ever
brought to this aountry,
"WITH or WITHOUT FOLDING top.
979 3m King Street, adjoining Geo.
Has Removefl lo
VJnUW)jt BOOTS AND SHOES jl j j
LEWIS & CO., GROCERS,
7 and. OO 31otel Struct,
JUST RECEIVED, EX MARIPOSA, On Ice, Cala Fresh Salmon, do Flounders,
do Rhubarb, Eastern Fresh Shad, do Oysters in shell, do Oysters in tins,
Ilorse Radish Hoots, Fresh Cala Crabs, Cauliilowers, Celery, Red Cabbage,
Cala Fresh Asparagus.
ALSO Not on Ice, Swiss Cheese, Cream Cheese, Mild Steele's Cheese. Ilbls Choice
Bed Salmon, hbls do Salmon, Smoked Halibut, Kits Mackerel, Dutch
Bologna Sausages, Choice Cala Family Corned Beef, Holland Herring, Kegs
Family Salt Pork, Kegs Queen Olives, Kegs Gilt Edge Butter, Kits Salmon
Bellies, Cases Mackerel in Tomatoe Sauce, Cases Salmon Bellies, Boston
Bread in 3 lb tin?, try it; Sardellcs in kegs, Sardellcs in tins.
ALSO Green Mountain Maple Syrup, Huckin's Mock Turtle Soup, Cases Barata
ria Shrimps, Dupee Hams, Whittaker's Star Hams, Russian Caviar, Kegs
Salt Water Cucumbers, Breakfast Bacon, Cala Dried Figs, and a complete
lino of Staple and Fancy Groceries, all of which will be sold low. Goods
delivered to all parts of the cily.
Island Orders solicited. Telephone No. 240. P.O. Box 297. (7G2
Mf SPF&BH5H Wi.U&
Large invoices of Goods (of all descriptions) having been received by me ,they
WILL BE SOLD AT LOWER PRICES,
Than the same quality of Goods can be purchased clsewlicrc in Honolulu, and
satisfaction guaranteed." My stock consists of all kinds of AMERICAN,
ENGLISH AND SYDNEY MANUFACTURE,
Saddles, Belts, Pouches, Leggings, Saddle Cloths, School Sags, &c,
Bits, Spurs and Stirrups, &c, in Nickel and Silver Plateu
The reputntion of my HOME-MADE HARNESS for superiority of workmanship
and material remains unchallenged during mj six years' residence here.
Thankful for tho generous patronage of the past, its continuance and increase in
the future is respectfully solicited nt the old stand.
Every Description of Jell Printing
Executed with neatness and dispatch,
Daily Bulletin Steam Printing Office,
Bills of Lading
I would beg to notify the public in general that
I have opened a Carriage and "Wagon shop on
King .Street, at the old stand of M. J. Rose,
and lately occupied by Messrs. "Whitman &
"Wright, where 1 am prepared to do any kind
of Carriage and Wagon work, in a first class,
I durable and practical manner, lly close and
prompt attention to business, satisfactory
low and reasonable charges, i nope to
some of the public patronage.
"W. Lincoln, Contractor and Builder.
103 Fori Street.
k The Corner Harness Store
Still to the Front !
of Fort and King streets, Honolulu, II. I
S. M. CAKTER,
AOKST TO TAKE
Acknowledgments lo Labor Contracts.
Ofllco with Mr. Fishhourne. 009 3m
VIX.rI3R'S s. S. CO.
ncSefiyHiaHn Ring) Commander,
Xienves Honolulu each Tuesday at
4 p.m., touching at Labaina, Mna
laea Bay Makona, Mnhukona, Ka
waibae, JLaupaboelioo nnd Hllo.
Returning, will touch at all tho
aloVo ports, arriving at Honolulu
each Saturday afternoon.
, FOR KOIiOA & WAIMEA,
The Clipper Schooner
F. Kibbling, .... Master,
Will run regularly to the ports of
KOLOA, HANAPEPE & WAIMEA,
KAUAI. For freight or passage apply
lo the Captain on board, or to the
Pacific Navigation Co.,
800 iiin Cor. Nuuanu & Queen sis.
THE FAST RAILING
will run regularly
TO WAIALUA EVERY MONDAY,
Returning on Thursday, weather
For freight or passage apply to tho
Captain on board, or to
Pacific Navigation Co.,
.Alnkca, nenr Queen St.
C. J. IlAiinKK) Proprlejor.
Mouldings and Finish always on hand.
B Orders promptly attended to. -a
Hard mid. 8uft Wtovo Wood,
934 Cut and Split ly
TTAVING ENLARGED THESE
Central & Commodious Stables
we are prepared to furnish first-class
turnouts with gentle horses, with or
without drivers, A fine wagonette in
Hacks at nil Hours.
day and night. Horses taken to board
by day, week, or month, oa reasonable
terms. Saddle horses to let.
XIOl'fSCM UotTg-lit mid Sold,
C. W. MACFABLANE, Ppnn..
U.K. MILES, Jirops
929 3m 'Telephone No. D2.
LAENE & CO.
Have a Large Stock of the
VERY BEST EAY.
G-rain, Etc., v
Which is offered at Lowest Market Prices
Delivered Free to any part of tho City
AGENTS FOS THE
Pacific Mutual Life Insuranco Co.
Agents for the Hoover Telephone.
Commissioner of Doodsfor California
Telephone No. 147.
.;r Ny1 r -
V'A T"Oi li'
Wl $ ifcC'J
PURE, WHOLESOME, RE-
According to the highest and best medl
Manufactory, ; : : No. 13 Llllha St
P. O. Box, 370. Telephone, 281.
BQrAll orders receive prompt atteutioa.
"Key" Brand Gin
For Salo in quantities to suit.
Freeth & Peacock,
23 NUUANU STREET,
Honolulu,' ;::;;;: II. I
C. BREWER k CO.
Oiler for Sale
LIST OF I1CMMSE,
Ex Top Carriages.
STEAM O OAL.
Com. Wood Chnlrs,
Fine Molasses Shooks,
Ice Chests, Nos, i.', II. and 5,
Lobsters, lib tus j Beuu8,lbtns
Hay Cutters, Nos. 1, 2, & 3.
Fairbanks Scales, Nos. 7,8,10 &11
Centrifugal Lining, 14 incli j
Comp. Nails, 1, .u Inch.
Manila Cordage, Assorted:
Galvanized Fence Staples,
FARMERS I'M?,: 20 AND 25 W;
Sisal Rope, Assorted,
Y. MORTAL SHEATHING
Hi, 18,20,22, !M ami 20 oz.;
Hair Mattresses !
Grindstones, Kubher Hose,
Hide Poison. Barbed
Wire. Refined Iron,
ANNEALED FENCE WIRE,
Galvanized Screws and Washers.
Risen from flu AshesT"
LOVE'S NEW BAKERY !
ATHS. LOVE desires to intimate to
-L.TJL her numerous old customers and
the public generally, that her bakery,
Destroyed toy DFlre,
Has been restored in handsome, sub
stantial and convenient form. She is
therefore prepared lo supply the largest
Plain and Fancy Bread
of the best quality, and manufactured
by the most approved methods.
Everything in the line of a first-class
bakery will bo carried on with greater
facility than before the fire.
The Lunch & Coffee Room
is also restored in more elegant stylo
than ever, and at rates that cannot be
underbid by any restaurant.
Brick Building, 73 Nuuanu Street.
Honolulu, Dec. 12, 188-1. 802
WHICH DOES INTO
Most of the Houses
EASY. RATES !
Honolulu, Jnn. 11, 1885.
C. O. B'ERGER, Esq.,
Agent Mncncalo & Urban Safes.
It is with great pleasure that
I add my testimony to tho Fire-Proof
qualities of your Safes,
f had a small single door Mueueale &
UibanSafo in last night's teiriblonre,
and, on opening tho same thi morning!
found its contents eonsUtlng of books
papers, and money to tho amount of
?10I0-IN PERFECT CONDITION.
I am bo well Mttisileil with tho result
that I want another No, 3 Safe at once.
GEO. M. RAUPP,
080 Germania Market.
Maale & Mai Safes !