Newspaper Page Text
AH person arc hereby forbidden to
bathe in the pool at Kapeua Kails in
Nuuanu Vnlloy, or in any way to dellle
the water supplying the, same or to tres.
pass on the ndjncent groumls.
Any person disregarding this notice
will bo prosecuted to the full c.Mont of
U1IAS. B. WILSON,
Superintendent, of Water Woiks.
Ciiab. T. Gulick,
Minister of luterior.
Office Honolulu Water Works,
March 25th, 1885.
BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Exchange on the
13uulc oi C'ulU'ovjuiu, S. IT.
And their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONQ KONG.
Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & Son, London.
The Commercial Bank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Bank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Clirlstchureh, and "Wellington.
The Bank of British Columbia, Vic
toria, B. 0. and Portland, Or.
Transact a General Banking Business.
Hedged to neither Sect nor Party.
Bat established for the benefit of all.
TUESDAY, APRIL 21, 1885.
THIS EVENINC'S DOINCS.
Central Park Skating Rink
Roller Coaster, afternoon
Yoscmite Skating Rink 7.
Excelsior Lodge, I.O.O.F., 7
Meeting Stock Exchange, at 11.
MR. MARQUES ON ROADS.
Our correspondent named above
might be equally impressive if he
was less opinionative. This country
is very young in civilization, and not
long ago more than bridle paths were
not required for highways. Old
residents can sec in even our present
imperfect system remarkable pro
gress made within a comparatively
very short period. Probably the
system advocated by Mr. Marques
is the best known for the maintenance-
of roads, but before it can be
adopted in its entirety in this King
dom a great deal of money must be
expended in the building of roads.
It is all right for European countries
that have had solidly and scientifi
cally made roads since the days of
but this country, we
only come into the
system gradually. We have hailed
the road act of last session as a step
in the right direction, and regard it
as sufficiently elastic te admit of
applying tho principle of the " can
tonnicr " system. There can bo no
less difficulty in getting faithful work
out of section mcu under that sys
tem, than out of deputy road super
visors under the act in question.
The Minister of the Inteiior has
ample power to order that the depu
ties shall be working men and not
merely bosses. Then, as to the
functions of the supervisors in
chief, it is as unreasonable to con
tend that they arc not required as to
hold that the public peace can be
entrusted to the rank and filo of
policemen without the supervision of
the Attorney General, the Marshal,
his Deputy, and captains. If cither
chiefs or deputies of roads give no
adequate return for their salaries,
that is a fault purely of administra
tion, which is as likely to militate
against the efficiency of working
There is the suspicion of a sneer
in the closing part of Mr. Marques's
letter, as to what this papei formerly
advocated. Thereforo we give the
following extract from a letter signed
' Pedestrian," published in the
Bum.ktin of April 20th, 1882. It
was the writer of that letter who
gave us the information upon which
our statement was based, and he
says he wrote with a system in view,
which he was familiar with in other
countries, and which was identical
in the main with tho "cantonnier"
system. This is part of what he
The money expended during the
.past biennial period should have
given us better roads and moro of
them. Who is to blame? Where Is
the looae screw? In tho first place
the method of road making is not
always of the highest or most intelli
gent order. For instance, filling up
holes with dust or mud. Better have
empty holes than holes full of slush.
In the next place, tho road-makers
do not kill themselves by overwork.
I refer to the prisoners. Everybody
who has seen them at work enn
testify to their being religiously
observant of the proverbial govern
ment stioko. But nbovc all, the
keepuuj in repair is most neglected.
A small rut becomes a big one be
fore it is slopped. Our road author
ities appaiently despise the fact, " a
stitch in time saves nine." An
active appreciation of this fact
would save both roads and money.
How, think you, would the following
plan workr Let our principal roads
and streets be divided into beats of
a given length ; each beat be placed
under the care of a competent man ;
it shall be the duty of this man to
attend constantly to his beat, men
ding every little break as soon as it
is made, and keeping his portion of
road under thorough repair.
Then, on July lbt, 1882, there was
a leading article upon tho same sub
ject, which contained the following
Systematic and timely repair of
public thoroughfares is a thing little
practised by our road authorities.
The roads and streets are construc
ted at n heavy cost, and often con
tinued in use until completely worn
out, so to speak, without any f urtlier
care. Then comes another heavy
outlay for remaking. Whereas, a
little timely attention and filling up
of 3mall holes as they appear, would
require but little money and cause
the roads to last double as long, to
say nothing of the benefit to the
public. " A stitcli in time saves
nine," is as true of roads as of
The article went on to give in
stances of where the system could
be applied with advantage, mention
ing particularly Berctania street.
Had its advice been followed, Mr.
Marques would probably have wanted
the example he gives in that very
thoroughfare of the want of system
that has prevailed. These, however,
have not been the only occasions
upon which an improved road system
lias been advocated in this paper, but
they arc sufficient to justify the
statement that our correspondent
6ccms to doubt.
A correspondent dissents from the
few words of praise bestowed by
our reporter upon the alterations
being made at the leper hospital.
It seems to us that the change lias
been dictated by public opinion and
is in accordance with a icntimcnt
freely expressed in the Legislature.
As to the nature of the changes
made, they may be too rigorous in
respect to verbal communications,
but there is no such hardship as our
correspondent describes in the matter
of light, air, or view.
Editok Bulletin: Tho use of
my name in the editorial of last Fri
day's issue, on "Road Mainte
nance," brings me to the front
again, although very reluctant to
intrude on any of your valuable
space. But I am so sorry to sec,
from the tenor of your article, that
your good-faitli has evidently been
surprised and that you seem ready
to become the apologist of the bad
road law and complicated machinery
concocted by the last Legislature,
that I hope you will kindly accept
As you say, a law was enacted in
1881, apparently to provide for road
maintenance, but of its real charac
ter we shall see more hereafter.
However, that the so-called now sys
tem is very little better than the old
one which has made Hawaiian popu
lation spend so much money for
keeping our roads in a wretched
condition, as a whole is shown by
its results by the very fact that after
having been the law for a year,
nothing has come out of it, except
probably the regular drafts of
salaries for road supervisors and
their deputies, this being specially
true outside of Honolulu. And this
nullity of results is caused by the
weakness of the system itself, but
it is not as you infer "a question of
sufficient funds," for the reason
that, even when there may be no
cash for expensive repairs like the
transformation of that poor Pali
Road there ought always to bo
enough money to keep ordinary
passable roads in their statu quo.
You and I, all of us, pay every year
a certain sum each, which is special
ly attributed by law to tho road
fund, and is to be spent only in the dis
trictwherc collected, though general
ly this sage provision of the law has
been allowed to be defeated, by per
mitting large amounts of it not to
bo spent. Now this fund ought to
exist, during every fiscal year, in
spito of the well-known financial
embarrassments of the present dis
credited Government j or if this road
fund hnd been appropriated to cover
other expenditures, it would be mal
versation and tho ministers would be
liablo to impeachment for it. I then
say that the Government have had
in hand money enough for keeping
everywhere tho roads in that "good
order and condition" you speak of,
and yet, even in tho metropolis, out
side of somo few streets lately ex
tensively repaired on that old ex
pensive principle I precisely want to
avoid how arc tho roads generally ?
To show how they nro allowed to
decay, I need only mention one,
Berctania Street, from 1'ort to Puna-
uou Streets, which had' a very ex
pensive refitting only a very few
years ago, and which already needs
as much again, because the "mend
ing stitches" liavo not been made in
time, as they would have been by
my "cantonnier" system.
This brings me to say that this
system, which 1 proposed lately in
the JPress, but which I had already
submitted to the Government several
years ago this system, I say, is
very far from being, as you term it,
"akin" to the last Legislature Road
Act. Just as well say that the old
Jus Jlomanum is "akin" to our
present Civil Code, or that a sailing
schooner is " somewhat akin " to the
The "cantonnier" system is one
of permanent, systematic attendance
and of constant labor (even when
the roads do not need it!), embrac
ing all the roads, and not spasmodic
effort, on some particular spot, at
the caprice of some accidental De
puty Road Supervisor, "under in
structions of the M. of I." And,
as tho expense is a regular, constant
one, which here would probably be
covered by the only road fund now
provided from the yearly taxes, the
principal feature of it is that there
could never be any "question of
sufficient" or insufficient funds.
On the contrary, I maintain that it
would cost much less than the present
system, and certainly, among other
things, it would render useless in
particular the complicated "fifth
wheel" of Deputy Road Supervisors.
What I advocate is a regular, per
manent organization of road-workers,
to do the work, and not of
bosses, half bosses, quarter bosses,
to attend to supervising work which
is not done.
These road-workers on fixed sala
ries would be divided, on their res
pective roads, into companies or
brigades, and one man in each the
most able one, encouraged by the
prospect of possible promotion to
act as chief of that section of road,
under the active control of the
unique Island Road Supervisor ; and
whilst bossing the other workmen,
this headman would himself take
hold of spade and shovel and do
some profitable work for his salary.
This is the distinctive feature of the
French "cantonnier" system, no
loafers, no useless supervisors. To
further illustrate the idea, suppose
the system in working order, and
say Berctania street needing three
or four regular permanent workmen,
one of which would superintend the
others and be responsible for the
whole road. Here the salaries of
every one of these men would re
present work done as well as work
superintended. Consequently the
same salaries now spent on district
road supervisors, whose occupations
are not constant, would pay for a
part of the workjtself. In fact all
moneys spent in salaries would re
present actual work, and if any ex
traordinary causes necessitated help
outside of tho ordinary gang of
"cantonniers," the Chief Road Su
pervisor would have to be notified
and probably to be present, so that
no expenditure would be at the dis
cretion of sub-agents.
On the contrary, now, the law
puts into the power of the super
visors to fix the "reasonable com
pensation" of their Deputies for
work they have not seen, and in
reality those last arc the men who
have "the disbursement of all road
taxes" and appropriations. This is
indeed a dangerous gate opened to
frauds, in the case of any unfaithful
sub-agents, and how many super
fluous days of work may be charged
to the Government, with little chance
of detection, between the rare visits
of the Road Supervisor in Chief,
who is only bound to "make at least
three times a year a circuit of his
This alone is ridiculously insuffi
cient and reveals what an ill-disposed
mind might take to bo the
true meaning of the 1884 Law. A
Road Supervisor one on each Is
land ought to do nothing else but
to be constantly inspecting the roads
of his jurisdiction, in the same way
as the Inspector of Schools (by the
byo only one for the whole King
dom) is incessantly travelling from
one school to another.
If would thus seem that this Act
had been inspiicd solely by the wish
of creating a few more fat sinecures
for some more proteges of the Gov
ernment, or for putting a few moro
interested persons at the disposition
of the Minister of Interior, to act,
when necessary, as electoral agents.
I hope, for the sake of good roads,
and morality in Government, that
this will not prove tho caso ; but at
all events I suppose I have shown
the dangers and insufficiency of the
present law, and tho difference that
my "cantonnier"' system presents,
not only as compared with that law,
but probably also with what had
been advocated by the Hum.ktim on
road maintenance, which I regret
not to have read.
A FRIEND BECS TO DIFFER.
Editor Bulletin: If you will
kindly allow mo a littlo of your spaco
in which to differ with you, I would
like to say that in my judgment tho
President of tho Board of Health is
not to be commended, either highly
or otherwise, for putting a tight
board fence around tho unfortunate
inmates of the branch hospital. On
the contrary he should be condemned
for a measure wuicn is at once a
useless expense and a piece of stupid
inhumanity. Is it not bad enough
to be a leper and be shut up in a
pen, without having the place made
impervious to sight and air? Please
make the cbbc your own. The en
closure in question is about five
hundred feet square and contains
sometimes over two hundred inha
bitants. Considering the nature of
their ailment and the character of
our climate, it is of the utmost im
portance that ventilation should be
perfect and the freest circulation of
air maintained in every part of the
premises. An open picket fence
provides for securing this object,
while a tight board fence materially
interferes with it. Besides this, is
it nothing to people so situated
whether they bo able to look out on
all sides of their prison, or have
their view bounded by a solid wall?
Lepers are not criminals ; they arc
unfortunate invalids who are entitled
to every amelioration of their hard
lot which the means at the command
of the Government will allow, and
which is not inconsistent with their
effectual segregation. Among these
mitigations arc unobstructed supply
of heaven's free air, the privilege of
gazing on the face of nature around
them, and also the pleasure of seeing
the countenances of their friends
and listening to their voices under
such restrictions as will adequately
prevent personal contact. Had the
original idea of the hospital en
closure been adhered to, all these
objects would have been easily and
effectually secured. Wha.t was then
contemplated and all that is now
needed is an inner picket fence,
parallel to and distant a few feet
from the outer one. This would
allow of almost unobstructed vision,
give free circulation of air, allow the
inmates to soe and converse with
their friends without danger of con
veying the disease, and would cost
much less than the plan you advo
cate. All of which is respectfully
Launce. This Bhoe, with a hole In It U
And this my father; a vengeanco on It.
There 'tis: now.
Sir, this staff Is my sister, for, look you,
she is as white as a lily
And as small as a wand : this hat Is now
our maid :
I am tho dog; no, the dog Is himself,
and 1 am tho dog.
Oh! the dog Is me, and 1 am myself; ay,
The two Gentlemen of Verona.
Ask for the new styles of Stetson's
Soft or Stiff Hats.
Wo are instructed to hold a Special
Evening Sale, at the store lately ocou.
pled by Mr. Samuel Nott, Fort St., on
Friday Evening, April 24,
at 7 o'clock, a splendid colection of
LADIES' FANS !
Just arrived from Spain ; also a large
and varied assortment of Parian,
Porcelain and Majolica Ware, com.
Vases, Ornaments, Dinner Services,
Toilet Sets,&c, and a large variety of
Baskets, Ink Stands,
Biackets, Mechanical Toys, Ac,
The Whole will he on view
on the Day of Sale.
LYONS & LEVEY, Auct'rs.
Honolulu, April 21, 1885 1001 8t
Printing; Office at Auction.
AT 13 noon on SATURDAY, the 25th
Inst., I will ouer for snlo In the
Stone Building lately occupied by the
all the plant, Including an
ACME I'OWKIl XMIISH&I,
2 Gordon Job Presses, full supplies
of Typo for daily and weekly native,
Portuguese uml English papers, to.
Safe, Stands, Stones,
Desks, Tables, Stationery, &c, tho
whole comprising complete mate,
rial for a newspaper mid Job Print,
1001 4t E. P. AJAMN, Auct'r.
GRAND OPENING !
GRAND OPENING I !
GRAND OPENING I ! I
TlUD! r t r n diiBfiiu
Nos. 61, 63 and
APRIL 1 8th,
S. COHN & CO. beg to announce to the public that they will open
their New Store, formerly occupied by Messrs. Richardson & Co. with
the most fashionable and complete stock of
While trying to please and cater to the wants of our Gentlemen pa
trons, we have also remembered the LADIES, and have opened the
finest, most complete and fasionable
MILLINERY ESTABLISHMENT IN TIE KINGDOM,
At the head of which reikis the celebrated MISS BURKE, a Lady
whose experience alone should recommend her to the patronage of
every Lady in Honolulu. Particular attention is called to our Stock
of Millinery Goods, which is, without exception, the finest ever im
ported to these Islands. All we ask is a call on our Grand Opening
Days which will be sufficient to prove our assertion.
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN,
The Only Recognized General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands.
KSI'.A.BJL.ISIIEI 1 87J).
Offices in Campbell's Fire-proof Buildine, 27 Merchant St., Honolulu, H. I
1. O. Jiox 31B i i : i Telephone X73.
HEAL ESTATE AGENT Buys and sells Real Estate in all parts of the King
dom. Bents Oilices, Houses, Cottages and Rooms.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR WILDER'S INTER-ISLAND STEAMERS-Tour
ists and the Traveling Public will apply to me for Tickets and ttifoimntlou to
SOLICITING 'AGENT FOR THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEW
"YORK The Largest, Grandest and Soundest Institution of its kind in the
AGENT FOR THE GREAT BURLINGTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN AMERICA
This Route excels all other routes going East, the scenery being the grande-t,
the meals the choicest and the Palace and Dining Cars tho handsomct and most
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Fiuds Employment for all seeking work in the vari
ous blanches of industry on the Islands.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON FIRE INSURANCE CO.
The best known Company in the Islands.
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKER Enters Goods at Custom House, pays and discharges
Freight and Duty Bills under power of Attorney.
MONEY BROKER Loans Money at all timei on first-class secuiitiy.
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENT Legal Papers of every description diawn. Bills
Distributed and Collected. Books and Accounts kept and adjusted. Records
Scaichcd. Rents Collected. Taxes and Insurance on Properly looked after.
Copying and Engrossing done. Advertisements, Newspaper Articles, Corres
pondence and Commercial Business of every nature promptly and accurately
-GENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL AT HONOLULU-Companles abioad
will correspond with me for terms, etc. Orders for Island Shells, Curioo, Lava
Specimens, Native Views and Photos carefully filled and forwarded to all parts
of the "World.
VST Information appertaining to the Islands given and all correspondence faith,
JOSEPH E. WISE9IAX,
873 General Business Agent, Honolulu Hawaiian Islands.
FOR MAN and wife, with accommo
dation to cook for themselves, or
hoard with the
Apply at 187
THE STORE lately occupied by
Samuel Nott, in Campbell's Block,
on Fort Street. Apply to
L. A. THURSTON,
or B. F. Dillingham.
Honolulu, April 1, 1885. 985 tf
THE UNDERSIGNED, having heard
their brother, Y. ALAU, intends
marrying in this country, desire to in
form all concerned that he Is engaged
to a woman in China. AH WA,
Honolulu, March 19lh, 18813. 973 2m
For Sale or Exchange.
TnE HOUSE and premises No. 210
King St., owned and occupied by
II. N. McChesney, Esq. This desirable'
residence will be sold or exchanged for
Improved or uulmprovei property. For
particulars apply to
902 2w AVERY & PALMER.
ACCOUNT of depaiture from
tho Kingdom, all persons owlnc
me arc requested to make immediate
payment to L. A. THURSTON, 38 Mer
chant Street, who has a full power of
attorney to transact all business for me
in my absence. Ho is authorized to re
ceipt for all moneys due mo, and to en
force payment of 'inpaid claims.
Honolulu, Jlnich li), 1885. WJ 2m
MRS. A. F. MORRIS takes pleasure
in announcing that blie has leased
Tho Beautiful Soasldo Residence
Of Mr. Allen Herhcit, at WAIKIKI,
Honolulu's famous summer icsoit, and
is prepared to accommodate parlies de
sirous of enjoying the balmy air, unsur
passed sea-bathing, and tropical rest and
quiet of this charming place. Every
facility is offered for the perfect enjoy,
ment of this ideal -watering place. By
spccinl arrangement Dodd'h Lino of
'Busses will take passengers to the en.
trance of tho place, when two or more
For terms, etc., apply to Mr. Congdon,
Telephone No. K02, Queen St., Honolulu,
or tq the undcislgned, ut tho residence.
HUH. A. V. 3IOUIUM,
Walkiki Telephone, No. 257. Lessee.
65 Fort Street,
Open every Afternoon from 2 to 5
and each Evening from "i to 9J,
Admission 25 Cts.
Skates Free in Afternoons.
Tuesday and Friday Nights,
The ELITE CLUB Meets, and only
Ladies Admitted Free,
OX HUAT1W 5 (JEXTS.
Roller Coaster Runs
Monday, Thursday & Saturday Nights,
A FINE dwelling lot of over
four acre-, nrca on Nuuanu
Avenue, adjoining F.A. Schao.
fcr's, Esq., with ancient water
rights in addition to Govern.
ment water privilege, well fenced and
improved. Apply to
JOHN H. PATY,
or to J. E. Wiseman, General Business
Agent. 978 lm
Building1 Lots for Sale.
SEVERAL building lots for sale or
rent nt Kapalnmn, near the Niuhe
lewal bridge, on the Ewa side of the
lono leading to fAuslln's estate. Easy
terms. Apply to "W. C. ACH1,
Law office of W. R. Castle. 887 tf
New York & Honolulu Packet
MESSRS. "W. H. GROSSMAN
& BRO 77 Broad street,
N. Y., will despatch u first-
class vessel in this line, from
New York to Honolulu Direot,
on or about JUNE in. I'm ties lushing
to avail themselves of this fine opportu.
nlty should forward urdeu us curly as
CASTLE & COOKK, Agents,
Honolulu, Apill 3, 1885. 980 lm
nPIIK HOUSE uud piemlses situated
X in Nuuanu Valley, opposite tho
Royal Mausoleum, belonging to and
recently occupied by Samuel Nott. For
particulars, apply to
L. A. THURSTON,
38 Merchant St.
Honolulu, March 31, 136. 688 tf