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BISHOP &(!., 1IAKK13KS
Honolulu, Hnwnllan Islands.
Draw Exchange on the
Uunlt ol C'liUI'oiMila, h. J'
Anil lliclr agents In
NEW YOnK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. N. M. Rothschild it Son, London.
The Commercial Hunk Co., nf Sydney,
The Commercial Hunk Co., of Sjdney,
The Hank or Now Zuuliuul Auckland,
CliTlslchurch, and Wellington.
The Bank of Urltlsh Columbia, Vir-
torln, K. U. and Poitland, r.
Transact n General Nanking Husliu-w.
Pledged to neither Sect nor Party.
But established for the benefit of all,
"WEDNESDAY, MAY (!, 188.-..
THIS EVENING'S DOINCS.
Central L'.trk Skating Kink, 7:.K).
Ouhu Loiljro, No. I K. nf 1 7:.'J0.
Hook and Ladder Co., 7 :iJO.
Hethol L'mycr Mooting, ut 7:!50.
Fort St. Church, Prayer Meeting
St. Andrew's Cathedral, usual
THE NEED OF THE HOUR.
When limes were in a humming
condition in this country,- there was
not very much thought taken for the
morrow. With states as with indi
viduals the mood for reflection and
forethought somctimos only comes
with adversity. These dull times
have brought in their train hosts of
idens, and platoons of suggestions,
both to get the nation out of the ruts
of business depression, aud to make
smooth paths of prosperity for our
people in the days to come. Cynical
observers may cavil at the very
gcncrnl discussion of the diversify
ing of productions which for some
time has been carried on in the
papers. Still, sneers will be lightly
'regarded in view of the practical
efforts being made every here and
there to act upon whatever informa
tion has been elicited by the press
upon this matter. Although the
present period of depression is not
the first occasion that the people of
this Kingdom have been warned not
to continue staking almost everything
upon sugar-raising, yet at no pre
vious time docs it appear that such
a general interest has been awakened
upon the subject, or that such a
widespread disposition has been
manifested toward giving elfcct to
plausible suggestions for extending
the scope of domestic industry. So
hopeful is the prospect of large and
lasting benefits resulting from the
present agitation, that it might hard
ly be wicked to wish that the spectre
of Hard Times might stare the nation
for a little while longer in the face,
so that the lesson it teaches might
have time to be thoroughly learned.
Indeed, a rise in sugar, hitherto and
now our mainstay, at this juncture,
so material as to overwhelm public
interest in other possible and promis
ing products of our soil, might al
most be feared as a national calamity.
Even the sugar-growing industry it
self, it may be said in passing, is
likely to benefit for all lime to come
from the severe depression in prices
whirl) is compelling an eager search
after improved methods of culture
What would now seem to be one
of the most urgent necessities of the
hour, is systematic collation and dis
semination of all valuable informa
tion available upon this subject, so
enthusiastically canvassed for some
time past in all the local newspapers.
Along with this desideratum there
should be an effort made to divert
some of the surplus capital of tho
country into the proposed new chan
nels of enterprise. Money is the
sinews of war against barbarian
Nature, without which her subjuga
tion to the service of civilized
humanity must bo a long nnd very
much a bootless process. There
arUjiindoubtcdly large resources of
accrued wealth in the Kingdom,
which, failing to find remunerative
investment, as much of it musl
under present circumstances, will
have to lie idle unless new fields arc
opened for its employment. Uy
intelligent direction, money for the
purpose in question .should at least
be safe for its owners, if it returned
no great interest for n while. Of
course, at the stmt, it should be
mainly dovoted to promoting indus
tries regarding which there was the
least doubt of success. At tho same
time u quota, should be placed at the
service of experimental cnterpiise.
The capabilities of the country's
productiveness can only bo ascer
tained by diligent Uinl. Therefore,
tontativc products should have at
tention side by side with staples
about which the only doubt can be
as to their market. Surely no better
use could money made in the coun
try be put to, tlinn in making our
soil and climate yield their increase
in the fullest attainable degree. If
the sentiment already awakened upon
the Mibject be only developed ns it
may be, it is not too much to hope
that there will shortly be a favorable
response of capital.
To concentrate the thought, and
ultimately the efforts, of our peo
ple, in the matter herein treated, n
live agricultural society is as good
an agency as any we could advocate.
There ought to bo no need to form a
now one, for the Royal Hawaiian
Agricultural Society should be capa
ble of rehabilitation so as to fill the
bill. Let the movement to that end
come from within its circle, and it
would be so much tho better. This
would be a good time to rally the
members, and insist upon every one
remaining among the number doing
his duty by the organization and by
the country. Every man interested
in the solid wclfaro of the nation
can find abundant scope for all his
patriotic energy in such a society as
that one ought to be. There is no
need why our isolated position on
the surface of the globe should pro
duce corresponding dulness and tor
pidity, so long as there is almost an
infinity of work requiring to be done
before Art meets Nature upon an
equal footing in the operation of
making -this group the paradise it
A MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT.
Our morning contemporary is
hereby authorized to relieve its in
tellect of the suspicion that there
was anything ulterior in our advo
cacy, yesterday, of self-government
for Honolulu. No suggestion from
outside the editorial precincts of this
paper called the article forth, and if
our contemporary incites a demo
cratic mob to settle the "gilt-edge
franchise" question with the writer
of the article, the filibusters will not
have to lay siege to any more aristo
cratic quarters than 71 Queen street.
It affords ns peculiar gratification
to have the Advertiser support the
incorporation idea so promptly, and
also to lend assurance that the Gov
ernment is ready to give the matter
favorable consideration. Still, our
contemporary appears to be .a little
too eager in pouncing upon our
views regarding the franchise that
should govern the proposed new
order. TJie matter was only men
tioned in general terms by us, and
only much more oligarchical sym
pathy than any expressed in these
columns would have called for such
deep abhorrence as our contempo
rary manifests. Two considerations
induced us to advocate n well
guarded aud responsible franchise.
One is that those holding the chief
property interests here will never
willingly allow city affairs to be
governed by the vote of men who
have no htakc in the country or who
arc much below the average in in
telligence. Another is that universal
suffrage has proved an evil else
where, that would be gladly got rid
of if possible. Our idea of tho civic
franchise required for Honolulu is,
however, far from the "gilt-edge"
one imputed by the Advertiser.
Neither intelligence nor worth would
be ignored, where those qualities
were sustained in conjunction with
moderate responsibilities of citizen
ship. Wc should draw the line
bomewherc near persons with no
diiect interest in taxable propeity,
whose contributions to the revenues
were all paid through the tills of
saloon-kcccrs, and whose intelli
gence fitted them for no higher office
than judges at a dog-light.
Eijitou Bum.i:tin: In your issue
of Saturday Inst you criticise the
Friend's attitude towards skating
rinks, and summarise that paper's
objections to this modern amuse
ment in the following words: "It
is charged with enlarging ladies'
feet, destroying the interest of
school children in their studies, tend
ingto the relaxation of tho rules of
social propriety, and alienating the
young, and married people ulso,froin
home and home life." As I have
not seen tho Friend for myself, I
base what I have to say on your
epitome of its rouin points. In tho
first plnce, 1 regard the subject ns
one of legitimate discussion for a
religious periodical, ns arc all mat
ters which affect the moral and
social condition of the people. If
the Friend is of opinion that skat
ing rinks have a pernicious tendency,
it is the right and duty of that
Journal to utter its protest plainly
and fearlessly. Moreover, it is not
my intention to attempt a refuta
tion of the several propositions
above cited. In fact, I tun of opini
on that any candid person who has
observed and investigated for him
self will admit they all contain, at
least, u degree of truth. As regards
llic enlargement of the fool, no
sensibje man considers this a serious
evil. A perverted condition of civil
ized society sees beauty in a small
foot . but the beauty is not percepti
ble to intellect and commonsense.
Most fashionable people, of both
sexes, wuld suffer less from corns
and other pedal troubles if they
labored less to compress their feet
within smaller limits than nature
intended them to occupy. Indeed,
I don't see why thoso who use dumb
bells and other contrivances for en
larging the muscles of the arms and
chest should not do something for
their poor, neglected feet, with the
same object in view at least, to the
extent of removing the restrictive
ligaments of tight boots, and substi
tuting nature's provision for locomo
tion for the horse and carriage. The
other points destroying the inter
est of school children in their
studies, relaxation of the rules of
social propriety, and alienation of
people from their homes are more
serious matters. J believe the
Friend is about right, but I really
do not believe that skating rinks
have a stronger tendency to produce
those hurtful effects than most other
forms of amusement. To say noth
ing of balls and theatrical perform
ances, which, by the way, I notice
arc pretty freely patronized by
church people of all denominations
in this city, will the Friend under
take to defend all those diversions
which the churches themselves insti
tute? How about fairs and socia
bles? In my opinion, which is an
opinion based on observation, they
are chargeable in some degree with
all the evil effects attributed to skat
ing rinks, barring the big-foot idea.
They don't seem to damage the foot
to any great extent, but they do
seem to have a wonderful tendency
to develop tittle-tattle, vanity, and
flirtation. Bio 1oot.
HAWAIIAN AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.
Editok Bulletin: Mr. Marques
has undoubtedly made borne good
points in re Hawaiian Agricultural
Soeicty. From its very commence
ment this society has been more of a
Stock-Breeders' Association than an
Agricultural Society. Its first show
consisted mainly of live stock. But,
it must be said in justice, through
no fault of the Society. Every
means was tried and every induce
ment offered to excite interest and
enthusiasm among agriculturists,
with meagre results. Owners of live
stock were apparently influenced to
a greater degree, for thej- made
quite a respectable exhibition in that
line. Agriculturists would probably
have done much belter at the next
show had they not been practically
excluded. I say practically ex
cluded, because that is what holding
the show at Waikiki instead of
Honolulu meant. My reason for
believing that the second show
would have been an improvement on
the first in the department of agri
culture meaning everything of a
vegetable nature is because I per
sonalty knew many agriculturists
who had determined to oxhibit, and
had been preparing accordingly, but
abandoned the intention when the
Society decided upon Kapiolani
Park as the site of the show. Cer
tainty the name of Agricultural So
ciety should indicate that agriculture
and its concomitants should, at
least, constitute the main feature of
the annual exhibitions. But I can
not admit that a show, however
useful in its way, is a necessary
part of an agricultural society's pro
ceedings. Its proper functions arc
more closely connected witli practi
cal agriculture. In a country like
this, whose resources sue almost
wholly agricultural, such a society
has a large field, and might be of
incalculable service. Rvitsint.
A TIME TO MOURN.
Kditoii Buj.i.ktix: In your issue
of yesterday is n paragraph stating
that the Hawaiian Baud and the U.
S. S. llaitford band will give a com
bined concert at the Hotel this even
ing. On Saturday you announced
that there would be no more public
concerts until after the funeral of
the late Queen Emma. "What is the
meaning of this sudden change ?
The Court is supposed to be in
mourning, and I with others think
it a most disgraceful thing that a
band concert should be given during
the time of mourning, almost within
a stone's throw of where the dead
queen lies. Someone is seriously to
blame for this want of respect due
to the memory of tho late beloved
queen. It is to bo hoped that no
one will attend the concert. There
is a time for everything.
A YOUNG German girl wlslio a situ
atlon In a prlvnto famllj to do
housework or Attend to children. Ap
ply t Nn. IgftNmmim Avuiic. tOI I at
A LL pcismm having nny bills ncaln'.t
six. Her Majestv Queen KnploUnl will
please present them, on or before the
10th luM. Address to
MRS. LYMAN SWAN.
1014 Id I'ost.Qfllec.
A FURNISHED eottnge, convcnl
ently located, with not less than
three sleeping ioom. Apply nt once to
A VERY k TALMEH,
Real Etlato Agents, No. fiO Fori Street.
Ex Forest Queen,
Gala. Hard Bricks,
Red Wood Shingles
ron saix nv
Hackfeld & Co.
Thursday, May 7th, 1885.
;itAXi itr.xr.piT to
Geo. W. DeLong Post 45. G. A. R.
When will lie produced for tlic llrst time
the Grout Madison Souiuc
With the following Powerful Cast:
Doiihtiin Kirke Mr J P Rutlcdgo
Arthur Ciirrlngford Mr E T Stetson
Squire Rodney Mr Jns R Morrison
Piltaeus Green Mr AVilliain Simms
linrncy Mr Finncis Malcolm
Hazel Kirke Miss Hannic Ingham
Lady Carringford....Miss Emma Henlh
Dolly Lutton Miss Minnie Young
Mercy Kirke Miss Emma Hcnth
Act 1. The Father's Curse.
Act II. The New Home.
Act III. Hn.el a Wanderer.
Act IV. Back to er Frithci's Heart.
Durimr, the evening the Royal Hawai
ian Band, which has kindly volunteered,
will perform numerous air.
niiss Axsri.s srovrAKur..
Ullt. t'SJA!tIi!. Tl'KXElt.
Each Monday &. Thuwluy, commencing
3Ioiil:iy JKvi'niMg, 3Iay 18.
Box olllco open at the olllce nf J. E.
Wiseman, to-morrow morning, Tues
day, May 5th, for sale of season
tickets, at !l o'clock sharp.
5 Tickets, Reserved Seats for Season, G.
Box plan open on Monday. May 11th,
nt 9 o'clock n.ni. sharp, for sale of Sin
gle Reserved Tickets, 1.50. For full
particulars see "all newspapers on ami
after Monday, May lllh. 1012 tf
NICELY FuiMihcd Rcoms, well ven
tilated, at No. 110 King Street,
opposite the residence of C. T. Guliek.
COTTAGE TO LET.
TIIREE-ROOMED Cottage, with
-tx. kitchen attached. Rent 15 per
MEETING of the Board of Trus.
tcos of the Sailor.-' Homo Society
will be held at the Homo on THURS
DAY next the 7lh Miry, 1885, nt hnlf-past
10 a.m. Tile attendance of the mem
bers of the Hoard is paiiicularly re
quested, us liusinesh of impoilunce will
be transacted. Per Order,
101!1 2t F. A. SOHAEFEH, Sec'y.
rpiIERE will he a leguhir monthly
X. meeting of the Hook and Ladder
Co. to-morrow evening, WEDNESDAY',
May (Jtli, nt 7.SJ0. On and after this
date, tines for absence from llres and
meetings will be Mrlctly enfoiecd; and
nil members who are in arrears to said
Company will he expelled without fur.
ther notice. Per Order,
10ia 2t O. WINCHESTER, Foreman.
npiIE ohoicest luxury found. RoMon
X aud Chicago Pets, just arrived and
moro to follow, the most fragrant Qlgar
and Cigarette on the Inlands. Everyone
iu the ubovo great cities uses them. Try
the latest at the Astor House Billimd
Parlors, Hotel Street, near Fort,
C. J. MCCARTHY, l'ropiletor.
BILLIARDS, llnu cues, neat balls,
choicest tublcs. Visitors are made wel.
come, a Hue reading room being attach.
cd to tho Billiard Pallor.
TICKETtJ for the San FraucUco
Druui'itio Company for aala at the AS
TOR HOUSE. Boys, secure your seats.
Nob. 61, 63 and
Just received by Inst strainer a fine stock of
Youth's, Boys' & Children's Clothing,
Business and Dress Suits, Handsome Patterns,
Desirable Styles and Reasonable Prices.
TO TI-IES LADIES,
We beg to atinouuce that wc have received the largest
and most perfect stock of
MANUFACTURED WHITE GOODS,
That has over been Shown in this City.
We are prepared to show the Cheapest and most attractive stock in
Particular attention is
Paciffic Hardware C
SUCCESSORS TO DILLINGHAM & CO, AND SAM'L N0TT.
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Hardware, Agricultural Implements, House Furnishing
Goods, and General Merchandise.
Jut locoived Eddy's Refiigeratois and Ice Chest?, new styles of Chandeliers
and Library Lamps, Stoves nnd Range", Kerosene Oil Stoves.
cariJ'AiKASA.rcs A.avr iioavje's scales.-!
All of which nre offered upon favorable terms.
PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY.
JOI ITT, la 8 Mimai Street
Granite, Iron and Tin Ware !
Chandeliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER HOSE,
IHouse Keeping Goods,
PLUMBING, TIN, COPPER AND
993 SHEET IRON WORK.
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN,
The Only Recognized General Business Agent on tho Hawaiian Islands.
KS'-rA-LSLTSlIEO 1 870.
Offlceu in Campbell's Fire-proof Buildine, 27 Merchant St., Honolulu, H, I
I. O. Box :il 5 : : : : Toloptaono 172,
HEAL ESTATE AGENT Uuys and sells Real Ettate in all parts of tho King
dom, Rents Olllce?, Unices, Cottages and Rooms.
SOLICITING AGE.NT FOR WILDER'S INTER-ISLAND STEAilERS-Tour
Utsanil the Traveling Public will apply to inu for Tickets anil Information to
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEW
OHlv Tim LargeM, Ginndcst and Soundest Institution of Its kind In the
AGENT FOR THE GREAT HURLINGTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN AMERICA
TIiIh Route excels all other loules going East, the tconery Lelng the grantlept,
the mcaln the choicest and the Palace and Dining Cais the handsomest und moBt
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Finds Employment for all tucking work in the vari
ous branches of industry on thu Islands.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON FIRE INSURANCE CO.
The best known Company in the Islands.
CUSTOM HOUSE 1JROKKR Enters Goods nt Custom House, pays aml'discharges
Freight uinl Duty Rills under power of Attorney.
MONEY RROKF.H Loans Money nt all times on flrst-dnm securilly.
GENERAL HUSINESS AGENT-Logal Papers of cveiy disciipiloii drawn. JJIJIb
Distribute.! and Collected. Hooks nnd Accounts kept and iidju.sUl, Records
Searched. Rents Collected. Tuxes and Insurance on Pro erly looked alter.
Copying and Engrossing done. Advertisements, Nt'w.spnpcr Articles, Cones
poiuieuce and Coimneiciul Ilusliiess of every nature promptly and accurately
AGENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL AT IIONOLUI.U-Conipunles ubiond
will correspond with me for terms, etc. Orders for Llnuil Skulls, Cm los, Lava
Specimens, Nutlve Views and Photos carefully tilled and forwarded to all parts
of the World. (
tST Information appertaining to the Islands given and all correspondence faith,
JOSKP1I E. WISEMAN,
873 Gonoral Business Ayent, Honolulu Hawaiian lilandi.
65 Foit Street,
; CUM ml Infants Wear.
called to our stock of
S. COIIN & COMPANY.
aaaigaiivgtt twu. ,-
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