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U1H1I011 & Co., KANK13HS1
Honolulu. Hawaiian Ulftiul"
Di'ii Ki litbgc ou tho
Uliiiilc r C'atirotMiln, e. .V.
And tlirir .igcnlb In
NEW YOHK. BOSTON, HONG KONG.
3kri, X. M. Rothschild &Son, London.
The Commercial Han); Co., of Svdnev,
The" Commercial Rank On., of Sydney,
The ll.mk of Now Zealand- Auckland,
Oltristchureh, and Wellington.
Tho Hank of Hrlllsh Columbia, fcVic
toilu, 15. C. and lVithiiid, Oi.
TiuiiKict n General Hnnliiii:: Dusinun.
rieJgcd to neither Sect nor Party.
Hot esUbllshod Tor tho benefit of nil.
FRIDAY, JUNK f, IS8.-1.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Yuscniile Skating IfiuK 7.
Cenlial Park Skating Kink, 7:110.
Imp. Order of lied JHen, nl 7:IU).
Morning Star Lodge, K of J. 7 :!R)
POPULATION AND LABOR.
There can scarcely be a subject of
greater importance to this nation,
than that of the settlement of its
land. 1'rovc that there is not room
in the kingdom for a commanding
class of independent pioducers, and
then store all the national btandaids
and paiaphcrnalia in the museums
of the world. All tho owners of
great plantations and cattle-runs
that can be accommodated upon the
territory of the group, with all the
merchants) mechanics and pro
fessionals that the operations of the
classes llrst-mcntioncd will afford a
scope to, will not make a nation.
They may constitute material for
a very respectable community, and
withal a harmonious one so long as
there is not too much competition in
each of the limited number of dis
tinct interests. "Wealth cannot be
produced without labor. Therefore,
in a system where most of the
wealth obtained fiom natural lc
"ourccs accrues to but a few, thcic
must be an abnormal proportion of
inhabitants in virtual servitude. Hy
due course of a natural law of
humanity, the servile population
must cither rise above its servility
or sink to lower depths. It will,
also, become elevated or debased
rather by generations than by indi
viduals. Educate the children of
slavish toilers, and they will come
out of school upon a plane higher
than that occupied by their pro
genitors. They will be worth moic
to the woild, and, knowing their
value to be enhanced over that of
their parents, will demand the
difference from the lords of the sod
who would secure their services.
If refused their price, one of two
results would be almost certain to
ensue. They would go abroad to
find a better niaiket for their labor.
The land proprietors would then
have to look for help of the grade
they weic willing to pay for, and the
country would lose both the young
men and what had been invested in
their education. Or, they would
remain in the country, where, but a
very small piopoition having oppor
tunities for an independent liveli
hood, the majority of them would
be liable to be idlers ; certainly use
less and probably vicious; all the
more clever for lascality the' might
drift into, for the sharpening of
their wits in school. There is a
third possible eventuality notable.
The young people might, upon
second thought, decide that even
the bondage to them hereditary was
better than cither exile or idleness,
and so assume their fathers' yoke.
And what, in that case? Would
they form a class of laborers like
their sires? Certainly not in all
points. "With a superior intelligence
they would be less amenable to un
just taskmastcrship. Their pride of
mnnhood more highly developed,
they would be exacting of increased
consideration as fellow-beings of
their employers. And, once in
what they deemed sulllcicntly large
numbers and influence, they would
seize occasions to force better terms
for themselves. To suppose re
turning to tho starting point a con
dition of things in which the labor
ing classes wcie kept, so far as
possible, in ignoianco to perpetu
ate their servility, would be too
absurd, almost, for this day. It
would take nu empire that could
defy the world, or it state that
Could hide from the gaze of the
ij awwnMii'i rim- y i nw
ninoloaiilh conlur). long to inain
tnin an industrial system founded
upon human degradation.
Would wc, then, have done nwny
with the e.leiishc ngricultmal on
tennises now the mainstay of the
counliy, and slake the future upon
the experiment, not yet begun, of
poi tinning out thcgioup in freeholds
to a yeomen population. No. Let
those great vested interests, to which
the kingdom nt picscnt owes its lifo
and all, icmaiu uudisluibed. Do
not touch tlicin with the hrcnlh of nu
agitation designed even to move
them nflci n century. Their owners
aie not pursuing the policy, dcpic
cated above, of holding in depres
sion the intelligence of their de
pendents. On the contrary, they
cheerfully maintain the burden of
educating the. children of toil, and
in many cases pay the premium re
quited for labor dignified by know
ledge. AVhcie the planting intcicsts
clash with the national ones, is at
the point wheic labor becomes inde
pendent and deserts the fields. That
process would seem to be going on
all the time. Hence the constant
cry is for cheap labor, hike the
horse-leech, the sugar-cane is ever
calling out, " Moic, more." To
satiate it the country must needs be
kept Hooded with Asiatics and the
ovciflow of labor from almost every
counliy under the sun. Theic arc
unnatural elements in the labor situa
tion hcie, which make it necessary
forsuch a constant replenishing of
the supply. The planters arc not
favoiablc to having families billeted
upon their estates: hence the ab
normal piopoition of males to fe
males, which makes some people
consider a standing army essential
to public safety. "Without appre
ciable natural increase of the labor
supply, and with steady depletion
from men leaving, laboicrs must be
imported. "While they arc on the
plantations, the immigrants give
little or no concern to the country.
It is when they descit the fields that
their case becomes a national pro
blem. If those who remain in the
counliy were chiefly of the progres
sive races, and could be settled upon
land, the process would be beneficial
to the whole country. As it happens,
however, most of those who stay arc
Chinese, and there is no system in
opeiation for settling people of the
western civilization in the country.
Alarm is on this account being taken
by sonic observers, that a continua
tion of the existing order of things
will end in Mongolian occupation of
Consideration of remedies for ex
istent and apprehended evils of the
situation is left for a subsequent
SUl'KEMK COURT of the Ha
waiian Islands. Jn the matter of
the Binkiuplcv of KWONG FOOK WO
COMP'Y. Before Chief Justice Juild.
Kwong Fook Wo Co., doing business
In Iliumlei, Island of Kauai, having
this day been adiudicated bankrupt
on the petition of Kwong Yee Sing Co.,
it is heicby oidcrcd that all creditors of
said bankrupt come in iindproc their
claims before me, at my Chamber, in
Tuesday, .June !, (885,
A 1 10 o'clock a. m.
And it 'a fm thcr ordeted that upon
s.iid day the creditors do proceed lo hold
the ELECTION of an assignee or as.
signees of said haukitipt estate, and that
notice hereof be published one time in
the Ilti-vttiitin Gazette and three times in
the Daily Bui.i.utin newspaper.-..
Dated Honolulu, May 'JO, S9n.
A. F. JUDD,
Chief Justice Supreme Couit.
Allust: HuNiiY Smith,
Deputy Cletk. 40 31
COTTAGE TO LET.
A nice -1 room collage, within
leasy reach ot Honolulu, situ.
late at Kupalninu. Terms $20
pur month. Apply lo
MRS. MARIA KING,
on the fjiounds, or to A. .1. Cnrtwright,
ill his olllcc. -10 tf
or lie-lore JJcccmhcr 1st, a House
lontalnbiE 5 or 0 t omits and bath.
loom (without tub), within the district
bounded by Nuuanii, School, Punchbowl
and King Streets. Address, staling
terms, etc., P. O. JSox U10. 10 lw
LEGAL proceedings wilt ho taken
ngaitibl all accounts duo tho estate
nf ;A. "W. Hicliiudfcon it Co, not paid bo
fore July 1st,
W. C. PARKE, ) .i,rpni
GEO. W.SMITH. J Assignee.
JTORn Plantation on Kauai, 15 Ger
? man Laborers. Apply to
89 lw II. HAOKFELI) & CO.
A ROY to carry newspaper on horse
back for the Honolulu-News
Agency, enquire at this ofllce between
2 and 1 p.m. SO
Tlir. WOllI.lflll OWVI.IJ
Dion Boucicault !
With his Entire Company.
Will play a series of t performances
commencing ou or about .hinc 10.
Full particulars further. 117 lw
Nc.ti Knwnlnhau Chutuh, a J
flulmtf Qltiiih llntiLn umiiI ti Inln rr
553 looms. Mailing nil thtoligh
the house. Knqttiiuiil C. GE1U5,
30 lw Shoe Sloie, Fort Street.
. Premises Xo. 18.1 Pott Street.
kLarce yard, ilwelllnii houses,
Jrontnlnlng 0 room", and out-
Apply to A. C. SMITH,
wllh A. S. Hartwell.
For Kent or Salt?.
. ino pientiscs on rvuuauu nuci,
5iCfiopp(Htlu the .Mausoleum, own.
EKSsSfccd and lately, ..occupied by
saniuci :sott. Apply to
L. A. THURSTON,
:13 Mcichant St.
Honolulu, June -Hit, 1S35. 081) If
ma A collage, containing 8 looms,
owfffl0" hig Street, with large
BSSmsfeyai d anil g.mlen, stabling and
out. buildings. Aitcsiim Well AVnter on
the picmisc Apply to
A. FERNANDEZ, utE.O. Hull & Son's
Waimanalo Sugar Go.
A DIVIDEND of $10 per share will
be paid on application nt the ofllcc
of Messrs. 11. Hackfcld & Co.
C. BOLTE, Scc'v.
Honolulu, June 4th, 1S83. !5'J M
RACES 1 RACES! RACKS!
Monday livening al Hawaiian Hotel,
7:110 c-liiiip. All inteicsled ntc requested
to he present. PcrOrdet. U'J -it
The undersigned having
taken charge of Baggage
rExiu'ess No. ill, for the
piuposc ol rallying on the Express and
Dray busineiP, "hopes by paying stilct
attention to business lo leceive a shaic
oT public patronage.
I32T Moving pianos and fiiiuituie a
specialty. ANTONE A. KEUMI.
Residence, coiner Punchbowl nnd He
Oideismay be left with C. Hammer,
or West, Dow it Co., Telephone 170.
TO STAND THIS SEASON..
The Cclebialed Norman Sl.illlon.
"VXTILL stand for a short Season at
YY Capt. Cluiicy' plaro, cor. Queen
and Punchbowl Street. Deis a band,
some dapple gtay, 10 hands high, weight
1,100 pound?, and is a No. 1 animal of
his kind. Terms, $;5 for the Season.
!)7 lm C. H. MILES.
J. A. DOWER,
Ship Carpenter and Boat Builder,
HAVING just completed two 27 feet
Surf Roals on the- model of the
KinauM boat, so highly appiovcd by
C.ipt. King and othets Iain now pre-pau-d
lo till other otdets. These boats
liao their timbers in one piece running
across the keel fiom gunwale to gun.
wale, bent by steam; tliwatt knees also
bent 2 nnd 'iy, inches squiiie. They arc
consequently "lighter and inoie flexible,
and, the tiinbetw being closer together,
htionger and les3 liable lobe seveiely
bulged that those built after the usual
process with thctimbeis in pieces and
larap.ut. These boats will lie sold at
a piite to compete with others ot either
local or foreign build. Our building
facilities enable u-, to build to any
model or siy.c, decked or otherwise, and
to supply duplicate parts of the same at
u few lioiifh' notice. Thcic nic several
of these boats now open to inspection
which will be sold Ihibhcd orotheiwlse.
ALSO On hand and for sale, Oak
Stem, Knees and Timbers, all shupes
and sizes. AUo Several hundred feet
of linlshcd Oak Slilcli.in.timc Chilling
Rattens, bold per foot in quantities to
suit; and the only truck in town lit to
cutty a Roat without cracking and
bliafnlng her can bo bought or hired nt
tho Enterprise Mill Apply at the En.
tcrpil'-u Mill, Queen St.
J. A. DONER,
Mutual Telephone No. :i25, 08 lm
Corner Bcrctanla & Punchbowl Strocls.
Largest in the City.
Cool and well ventilated, only Rink
CLUB SKATES !
to its pillions.
Open only in thu evenings till impinvc.
menlR ure completed.
Polite Attention Guaranteed.
1010 3m D. P. SMITH, Proprietor.
Xl O & JR.JJ1W. 3E !
TO 111. itin.n AT
JIB 11, 1
i M)i:tt Tin: ai'M'K'j: or Tin:
Hawaiian Jockey Clii
JAMES CAMPRE1.1 President
V. S. PRATT Vlee-PrcMdent
C. O. RERG ER Secretary
CECIL RROWX Ti casm cr
Hon-. H. A. AVIDEMANX. Col. C. H.
.iron. Dit. J. S. McGREW.
JUDGES Dr. J. S. Mi'Giow. F. S.
Pratt nnd Cecil Rrowu.
TIME-KEEPERS C. O. Rerger and
J. A. Spear.
STARTER W. R. Ruehnnnn.
CLERK OP THE COURSE Capt.
A. 11. Halcv.
SADDIJXG PADDOCK J. I. Dnw
Races Commence at 10:30 a. m. sharp.
1 Grazier's Plate, $100.
RUNNING RAGE; half mile dash
open to all. weight for age.
2 Queen's Plate, $125.
TROTTING RACE; mile heats to
harness; be-t 2 in it: for Hawaiian
hied hoi.-c- only.
3 Hawaiian Jockey Club Cup.
A SWEEPSTAKE of 50 added;
cup to be won by tho same person
twice, the second winning to be at
any futme annual meeting; one
mile dash; open to all tbiee-year-old.
Sealed nomination', inclosing
a fee of S10, to be sent to the Secre
tary of the Hawaiian Jockey Club,
on'orbcfoio 2 p.m. on the -Ith day
of June. Pinal acceptances as to
the balance of sweepstakes on or
befoie 2 p.m. on the 10th of June.
4 Governor Dominis' Cup.
A SWEEPSTAKE of 650 added.
Running Itacc, mile dash ; open
to all two-year-old Hawaiian bred
hor.-e-; entries elo-ed on August 1.
5-King's Plate, $150.
TROTTING RACE; mile boats,
be-t U in i; open to all.
6 Kahuku Cup and $75 added.
RUXXIXG RACE; mile dash;
open to all Hawaiian hied hordes;
weight for age.
7 Reciprocity Plate, $200.
RUNNING RACE; m mile dash;
ft ce for all ; w eight for age.
8 Gentlemen's Eace, $50.
TROTTING or PACING ; mllo nnd
repent; open to all horocs that have
never beaten three minutes; owners
to drive, to load wagon. ..
9 Pony Eace, $75.
RUNNING RACE; mile dash;
open to all ponies of 1-1 bauds or
10-KAMEHAMEHA PLATE, $200.
RUNNING RACE; 2 mile dash;
open to all; weight for age.
AdmUtlou within the fence, ONE
Admlpslnu of lioive to Iho cnelnsiirc,
TO cents for each how,
Xo chargo made ou the Uridyl- for
entrance to the Park liinund.
Entrance Feo, Ten por cent
All Ruiinlnjr Riu'e-. to be under the
Rules of tho Hawaiian .lockcy Club.
All Trotthur Race's to hu nccoiilliij to
the Rules of thu National Trotting Ahmi
clatloti. Imtrici uloi at 2 p.m. on Monduv,
.fiiuo 8th, nt tho olllco of O. O. MER
GER, .Secictary, with the exception of
ltacciXoi, It mid-1.
30 lw O. O. DDHGER, Sec'y.
Nog. 6 J, 63 and
Wc wish to announce the iinivnl of our new timmucr Stock in our
which is the mobt complete in this city.
S3?5 Feathers Gleaned and Curied.s2
Native Straw Sewed in nil Hie Styles of Hats.
.")()() pieces of Dress Lawns al very how Prices.
New designs in Dress' Goods, Satins & Huntings.
Ladies' Wrappers and Children's Dresses
in large varieties. A large invoice of Laces and Knibroidciics. t
Ladies', Misses', Children'? and Infants' Hosiery
in the latest styles.
BOYS' WAISTS I BOYS' WAISTS !
. Youths', Koya ami Children's Clothing a specialty.
csrNEW GOODS IN EVERY DEPARTMENT. -a
CST Call and be Convinced. "55a
S. COIIN & COMPANY.
SUCCESSOHS TO DILLINGHAM & CO. AND SAM'L N0TT.
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Hardware, Agricultural Implements, House Furnishing
Goods, and General Merchandise
Just icccivcd Eddy's Rcfrigciators and Ice Chests, new styles of Chandeliers
and Llbraiy Lamps, Stoves and Ranges, Kerosene Oil Stoves.
VST XATRKAJSIvS' AJViD HOWE'S SCALES. "0
All of which are offered upon favorable terms.
PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY.
I0TT, lo. 8 Kaaliumanu Street
Granite, Iron and Tin Ware !
Chandeliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER HOSE,
Excuse Keeping Goods,
PLUMBIXre, TIM, COPPER AND
093 SHEET IRON WORK.
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN,
The Only Recognized General Business Agent on tho Hawaiian Islands.
Offices in Campbell's Firo-proof Building, 27 Merchant St., Honolulu, H. I
x. o. Jtox :n n
I J3IVXt'r,Sr J3NT8 1
REAL ESTATE AGENT Ruys nnd sells Ileal Kttato in nil parts of the King
dom. Rents Olllcss, Houses, Cottngcs nnd Rooms.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR AVILDRR'S INTER-ISLAND STEAMERS-Tour
istsand the Traveling Public will apply to me for Tickets and Information to
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEW
YORK Tho Largest, Grandest and Soundest Institution of its kind in the
AGENT FOR THE GREAT BURLINGTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN ATM ERICA
This Route o.ncoIs nil other routes going East, tho trenerv being the gi.mdosi,
the meals tho choicest and tho Palace nnd Dining Cars the'liandsoiuest and inos-t
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Finds Employment for nil iccklng work In the vari
ous branches of industry on the Islands.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON FIRE INSURANOE CO.
The beat known Company in the Islands.
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKER Enters Goods nt Custom House, pays and discharges
Freight and Duty Rills under power of Attorney.
MONEY BROKER Loans Money at all times on firat-class securitiy.
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENT Legal Papers of every description drawn. Rills
wisiriuutcu ami uoiiccieu. iiooKb nini Accounts Kept and adjusted, Hirords
Searched. Rents Collected. Taxes and Iiisuiance on Properiv lunkiii after,
i Copying and Engtosslng done. Advertisements, Newspaper Aitlckv, Corrcs
I potidcnco and Commercial Business of eveiy inturo promptly and actuiatclv
AGENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL AT IIONOLULI'-Coinpanlcs nbioad
will con espond withiuo for tonus, etc. Orders for Island Shells, Cnrhw, Lava
Specimens, Native Views nnd Photo carefully tilled and foi wauled to till nurta
of the World.
I t37" Information appertaining to tho Islands given and nil correspondence fulili.
I fully answered.
65 Fort Street,
JOSlA'll K. WISWMAN,
Business Agent, Honolulu Hawaiian Islands.