Newspaper Page Text
By . i
T51u gnili) SJUlhu
MONDAY, JlTsK 20, 1S8&T
M.vniA it. vonnr.s.
Monuments of the past arc found
on most of the Hawaiian Islands in
the hcinii9 or heathen temples. Some
of those have stood for centuries.
The latest built was about the year
1700 by Knmehntneha 1. at the timo
of his conquest of the islands. Ka
mchanieha chose for this temple the
region near Kawaihnr, and when it
was lluished, dedicated it to his god
of "war, Knili. Its shape is that of
an Irregular parallelogram, two hun
Jred and twenty-four feet long and
one hundred feet wide. The walls
are twenty feet in height, and twelve
feet in thickness at the bottom,
gradually decreasing to 9is feet at
the top. The entrance to this large
enclosure is by a narrow passage at
one side. The paved floor within
was divided into an outer and an
inner court or sanctum, where the
principal idol stood surrounded by
inferior ones. "Within this inner
court stood a lofty frame of wicker
work, resembling a hollow obelisk,
in which the priest stood when tho
King came to inquire of tho god.
Just outside of, and near the en
trance to this inner court was the
altar) upon which human sacrifices
and others were offered. Near the
centre stood the King's sacred
house, which he occupied during the
season of strict "Tabu," and at a
little distance from this were the
priests' houses. All around wcro,
holes in the walls, in which hideous
wooden idols were placed. The
principal one of these was a large
wooden image crowned with a hel
met and covered with feathers ; this
was the famous war god, Kaili.
When this god of war was first
brought into the temple, offerings
were made to it of -fruit, hogs and
dogs, and as many as eleven human
beings were sacrificed in its honor.
There were many heiaus much larger
than this one. The greatest number
seemed naturally to be on Hawaii.
One of these was built of immense
blocks of lava ; another, whose di
mensions are two hundred and
seventy by two hundred and ten
feet, ia said to have been built in
the latter part of the fifteenth cen
One of the most common Hawaiian
Antiquities was the Tabu system.
Tabu meant, entirely set apart,
sacred or forbidden. Tabu was of
two kinds, general and strict. Their
seasons were kept somewhat like
fast days. The time of observance
was before any great religious festi
val, before going to war, and during
the sickness of any great chief.
Tradition states that in the days of
Unii, there was a tabu kept thirty
years, during which the men were
not allowed to trim their beards.
Shortly before the time of Kameha
mcha I., forty days was the usual
duration of the tabu, and during his
reign the periods were much shorter.
At such times, no one, except the
priests (who went to offer sacrifices
at the heiaus) was allowed to go out
of tho house. No pig must squeal,
nor dog bark or cock crow : and to
accomplish this, the people had to
tie the mouths of their pets and
favoritcanimals, while the fowls were
put under calabashes. The strictest
prohibition of all was put on the
people, and a violation of the tabu
was visited by the penalty of death.
The victims were sometimes sacri
ficed to the gods, and some were
Another antiquity is that of the
Hawaiian cities of refuge. These
were large enclosures, whither the
man-slayer, the person who had
broken tabu, tho thief or the mur
derer, and those defeated in battle,
might fly from their pursuers. The
fugitive might be followed to the
gates of the enclosure but no fur
ther. As soon as he entered, he
went to the idol and expressed his
obligation and returned thanks for
his safety. During times of war,
white flags were always seen flying
from the ends of long spears at the
extremities of the enclosures as
signs of hope to the vanquished.
The bones of the dead were gener
ally buried in caves, and worship
pers of I'cle threw the bones of the
departed into the volcano, under
the impression that the spirits of tho
deceased would be admitted to the
society of the volcanic deities, and
that, through their influence, the
survivors would be preserved from
visitations. Fishermen would wrap
their dead in red native cloth and
cast them into the sea to be devour
ed by sharks, supposing that their
departed spirits would animate tho
sharks, so that if a canoe should be
overturned at sea, these monsters of
tho deep would not harm the per
sons thus thrown into the water.
There were many peculiar mourn
ing ceremonies for chiefs, not in
dulged in for relatives and friends
of the common people. One very
common custom was that of cutting
the hair: some made tho head en
tirely bald or nearly so; others
shaved the head on one side only ;
and sometimes a patch would be cut
out in tho shape of a horse shoe. A
few weeks ago we saw an illustration
of this custom in tlio procession
which followed the body of Queen
Kmmn to tho Mausoleum. It was
ntt nlil tiKiM tvttll llin liitnrl flftcn1v
III Ul IUIMI !. WIV IIV1I1I iWUWIJ I
shaved except a narrow strip of hoir l
in the middle, extending from the
forehead to the neck to represent a
Not to shave the head indicated
want of respect. They nlso prac
tised eclMorturc in order to show
their great love and grief. Knocking
out the teeth was very common, and
sometimes it was the case thol men,
when they came to middle life, had
very few teeth left. Another prnctiec
was that of tntooing the tongue.
There were many traditions and
legends concerning Pole, the goddess
of Kilnuea. From these we learn
that the ideas of the people in re
gard to the crater itself, were, that
it had been in n state of activity
from the beginning, that is, ever
since the period of darkness and
chaos ; but it was not supposed to
be inhabited by volcanic deities
until after the deluge. Tradition
states regarding the flood that, at
one time, the whole islands were
overflowed by the sea, except one
high peak on Mauna Kca where two
persons only were saved.
It was supposed that a volcanic
family of deities from Tahiti then
took possession of the fiery abode.
Of this family, the names arc given
of five brothers and nine sisters, of
whom Pole was the principal god
dess. The volcano was supposed to
be their chief abode, though they
were thought to have dwellings on
different parts of the island, to
which they sometimes went. Their
visits were always announced by
earthquakes, eruptions, and thunder
and lightning. The object of these
visits was to receive gifts or to ex
ecute judgment. The natives felt
in duty bound to pay their tribute,
and large numbers of hogs (living
or dead) were thrown into the
craters, and into the streams of red
hot lava flowing down the mountain
side, to appease the wrath of the
gods. The offerings of the fisher
folk were naturally fish, and when
the people did not offer a sufllcient
quantity, they were punisbed by
having their fish and fishing grounds
destroyed by volcanic fire and lava.
The ohelo berry, which is found on
the road to the volcano and also
around it, was considered sacred to
Pole, and people dared not cat any
of the fruit until Pelc herself had
been presented with a portion of it.
The holua, a very popular amuse
ment of the ancient Hawaiians, was
sliding down hill on a narrow sled.
Those who, by strength or skill, came
out ahead of the rest, won the
victory. This sled consisted of two
narrow runners, from seven to eigh
teen inches long and two or three
inches deep, tapering to sharp points
in front. These runners were placed
parallel to each other, about six
inches apart at the forward end, and
twelve inches at the rear. They
were held in place by short pieces
of wood fastened crosswise. Two
long, stout sticks were fastened
lengthwise over these cross pieces
and sometimes a narrow piece of
matting was thrown over the upper
surface of the sled for the body to
rest upon. I he person about to
slide grasps the side sticks firmly,
and, having prepared himself by
running a short distance to the brow
of the hill, throws himself forcibly
forward, flat, on the narrow surface
between the runners, still keeping
tight hold of the sticks and bracing
his feet against the last crosspiece.
One of the legends is that of Pole's
encounter with Kahawali. In the
reign of one of the ancient kings of
Hawaii, a chief of Puna, Kahawali
hi name, went one day with one of
his companions to engage in the
holua. Great crowds of people, he
sides musicians and dancers, gather
ed to see the sport, and among them
was Pole, who had come down from
Kilauea to watch the contest. In
tho form of a woman she stood on
the summit of the hill and challenged
Kahawali to slide with her. He
accepted the challenge and they set
off together down the hill. As Pole
did not so well understand the art of
balancing herself upon the sled,
Kahawali won the race, and was
cheered by tho people. Pole then
asked that an exchange of sleds
might be made before a second trial.
Kahawali, thinking her no more than
a common woman, answered her
roughly in the negative, and in a
flush was on his sled and off down
the hill. Pele, angry at this,
stamped upon the ground and an
earthquake followed. At her call,
Arc, liquid lava, and tho goddess her
self (assuming her supernatural
form) followed down tho hill in full
pursuit accompanied by thunder and
lightning, and earthquakes. Kaha
wali fled for his life from the en
raged goddess, while the musicians,
dancers, and all those who had
gathered to witness tho sport were
destroyed. Kahawali hustencd to
the homo of his mother, and, taking
leave of her, met his wife and chil
dren. He ran on till he came to a
deep ditch, and, laying down his
spear, which he carried in his hand,
over the chasm, crossed safely.
Iiunniug on he met his sister, to
whom ho had but timo to say,
" Aloha oe." His young brother
had just returned in a canoo from a
fishing expedition . Kahawali leaped
ju ! ifcWii. JtNi.
Into tho ennoe, making the broad
spear act as a pnddle, and was soon
out in tho deep sea. Pelc, seeing
his escape, followed to the shore,
and with force hurled after him
volcanic rocks and hot lavn, which,
however, did not reach him. The
spear was now made to net in the
capacity of botli mast and sail. He
first came to Lahaina, and after
wards stopping at Lanal, from there
went to Molokni and at last reached
Oahu, where he took up his abode.
Thcso arc but a few of the Hawaiian
Anliquilics; to describe them all
would require a volume.
MK. OHAS. H0Y1"S Shoeing Shop
is now re-opened. Interfering
horses n specialty. 2B tf
Xo. SO Hotel Street.
These now Parlors, containing sixteen
PiuvATB Rooms, huvo been elegantly
decorated and furnished, nnd will be
kept as a first-class resort. The
Celebrated Elite Ice Cream
Will be mntlo from pure cream with
pure delicious flavorings. Vanilla, Lc
mon, Orange, Pino Apple, Strawberry,
Peach, Almond, Coffee Gluce, Chocolate.
Sherbets and Ices,
In largo varlctv- Served with Cauc
made oa the Premises. Ice Cream
Drinks mnde to onler in nny style.
Soda Water, Ginger Ale nnd Tahiti Lc
monade. Kobuits choicest candies re
ceived fresh by every ste.uncr. Fami
lies, Parties, Balls and Weddings sup
plied at short notice. Ladles can have
their liomc-msulo Creams frozvn and
Cakes baked to nnlei at reasonable
prices. A large assoitment of Shells,
Corul", Volcanic Specimens, Tapas and
general Island Curios always on hand
at reasonable prices.
II. J. HART,
Proprietor of the Elite Icet Cream Par
lors. King up Telephone Ko. lb'2.
Corner ofJFort nnd Hotel Htn.
PUKE, WHOLESOME, RE-
According to the highest and best medi
Manufactory, : : : No. 13 Lll ilia St
P. O. Box, 379. Telephone, 284
B-A11 orders receive prompt attention.
The. Horse the Index of a Nation's
THIS fast trotting stallion has been
withdrawn from training and will
now be kept for stock purposes exclu
sively. He bus shown as much speed as
ever and had it not been for an acci
dent which befell htm a few days be
fore the race, he being dead lame on the
11th, we think that ho would bavo glv.
en the gang a haul tussle for the money.
Hu is now all right again, and is being
regularly jogged at the truck, and can
show close lo a 2:30 clip at any time
that he is called upon. Tills kind of
treatment has been found by long ex.
perience to be the right plan to adopt
with a stallion, as by it he Is not only a
surer ioai-gcuer, nut uiso nc will
transmit a greater amount of speed,
energy and vigor lo hK offspring. This
plan is now the rale in all of the large
breeding establishments everywhere.
To parties owning good mares this is
an opportunity that should not bo neg
lected, for Venture, with kls flno breed
ing and great speed, I consider the most
desirable stock hoio in tho country.
Mr. Campbell tells inu that of all of the
horses that hu lius imported to this conn
try, which is probably a dozen or more,
ho likes his colts by Ycntuio better than
any of them, which is surely proof
enough of his qualities as a stock-getter
Mares will bo taken to tho Park anil
returned fiee of charge. For any iiddi
tlauul particulars apply to coiner of
Punchbowl and Queen Stieets.
. B. MILKS.
Honolulu, Juno 18th, 1683. 50.8m
,.'T.Ai:ili..3tiiMi bv-JvS! i 4
E. R. RYAN'S
Tho oldest nnd only Boat Building Shop
in the Kingdom.
Moats nnd Scows of nil kinds lmulo to
order. Surf Boats a specialty.
1 hnvo Oak Timbers Imported expressly
for Island use.
All kinds of Boat Repairing done a
100u shortest notice. ly
MH. 11. BARKER, late mnnugcr of
the Astor House, begs to announce
to his friends nnd tho public in general
that be has purchased the Saratoga
House, and will reopen on Sunday,
May 24th. Flrst-clnss board by tho
week, month or transient. Special ac
commodation for ladles and families.
Heading Parlors open for guests of the
house. The coolest dining rooms in the
city. No flics. 20 2m
TO STAND THIS SEASON.
The Celebrated Norman Stallion,
WILL s-tnnd for a short Season at
Ciipt. Cluney's place, cor. Queen
and Punchbowl Street. Ho is a hand
some dnpplcgray, 10 hands high, weight
1,400 pounds, and Is a No. 1 animal of
his kind. Terms. $25 for the Scaoon.
37 lm C. B. MILKS.
C BREWER & CO.
Offer for Sale to arrive per
Bark Amy Turner,
From Boston, due
JULY 1st, 1885.
Franklin Stove Coal in Casks,
yz obis Cruihed Sugar,
Oases Frazer's Axle Grease, .
do Hoe Handles, ,
Bbls No 1 Rosin,
4 bbls Wilmington Tar,
Bales Navy Oakum,
Cases Ex Laid oil,
' Grindstones, Iron Safcd,
Bbls Dairy Salt,
Bbls Cement, l?f mid 2 in Ox Bows,
Caes Axo anil Pick Handles,
Bbls Ex Prime Poik,
Cumberland Coal in bulk,
Oak Lumber, White Wood Lumber,
Walnut Lumber, Ash Lumber,
Eastern White Pine Lumber,
Cases Tinned Tomatoes,
Electric &. Downer's Kerosene Oil,
Ketchup and Codfish Balls,
Cases Clam Chowder,
Fish Chowder and Gherkins,
Cases Sausagu Meat,
Cases Huckin's Tomato Soup,
Cases " Mock Turtle Soup,
Cases " Ox Tail Soup,
Buckets, Lime Wash Boards,
Cases Chairs, Cotton Waste,
Cases Yellow Metal Sheathing,
Keg's Yellow M. Sheathing Nails,
libls Twine, Bales Duck,
Hide Poison, Linseed Oil,
Cases Brown Soap,
bbls Mlncrnl Paint,
Book Cases, Assorted,
Extension Top Carriages,
Cases Curled Hair,
Drums of Caustic Soda.
Best Made Has no Equal.
Give it one, trial on Tarnished Metals
and be Convinced.
It is a vegetable polish and warranted
frco from Acids, Poisons or Gritty sub.
stances, and is superior to anything of
the kind heretofore offered to the public
for cleaning and polishing Metal Signs,
Railings, Show Oases, Harness Mount
ings, Bund Instruments, Brass or Metal
Lamps, Faucets, Stair Rods, Locomotive
Headlights, Gun Barrels, Brass, Copper,
Sllverwuic, Nickel, Tinware, Zlac, Steel,
AND ALL METALS.
It is especially adapted to Murine,
Railroad, Stationary and Fire Engine
Works (hot or cold), and being free
from acids or gilt, will not injure
Journals, bearings, tho black lettering
on inotal signs, harness leather, or scratch
the finest polished surface.
Tho cleanest and best Polish for
Ladles to use for Household and Kitcli.
en use. It Is put up neatly and conveni
ently to suit all, in 4, 8 and 10 oz , and
flvo pound boxes, and every box guaran
Irloos, 3f5o, BOo, 7rcj & S1.
Aside from its unequalled polishing
qualities, Its strongest claim on tho pub
lie favor rests in Its ubboluto purity nnd
cleanliness, being a clean, creamy paste,
ra)ly and conveniently applied, For
Sale only at
-PACIFIC HARDWARE CO.
Call and get Sample Box.
Svt. J. Oauty, Solo Agent for Hawai
ian Island 13
JljLsaj&.''jt4t)jiitArtjSi;tjii.a tliMA4iiilfc'ibJjfe4SEiiivi., ui'-s "JidiisijjLJik
i i j milium iiihhiulii IWWPIWi
E. G. SCHUWIAIM,
Carriage arsd Wagon IWIaker,
King Street, near Lincoln's.
Kepnlring, Hliicksinithing and every description in the Carriage and "Wngou
line manufactured. Estiinutes and drawings furnished for nil Car
riage nnd AVngon building. 1 have also not up a new kind of Buggy
Cait, which for cheapness and practicability exceeds any cart, ever
brought to tills country,
WITH OK WITHOUT POL.DING TOP.
3B. G-. SCHUMAN,
979 8m King Street, adjoining Geo. W. Lincoln, Contractor and Builder.
i wmwwi. win iiimun ii'ifiiwuimum m.u.mwm.tPiwinMf mwwiii iin tiii t
Frank Hertz, 103 Fort Street,
Has received by late steamers a splendid line of
BOOTS, SHOES AND SLIPPERS,
For Ladies, Gentlemen and Children.
Xon.st Ias the Door.
Or ana OO
1,1 1, i t"' "" w""-""-I
Birdbeed, Ivugs Family Butter,
Raisins, Bottled Lemon Syrups.
NEW GOODS JUST RECEIVED, FEIJ MARIPOSA. Cibcl's Extract Bref.l.ie
big's Extract Beet, Day fc Martin's fchoe Blacking, Kingsford Wa-hiig
Starch, Uapple's Ri.spberry Syrup, Crysplc Diip, 1 gallon ibi; do J gallm
tins; Mackerel botlcil in Tomutoo Sauce, Uattv Nal.nb S.iuce, do Piukles,
Jars Spiced Lambs' Tongues, C ises Pickle Rull,Kes Holland Hoi rings, An-
".--. oium:u lius ruci, uu uerinun i-iCKies, UO AIlCUOVlCS, SWISS (JlU'C'e.
Germca, Hemp Seed, Rape Seed, Bbls Salmon, Apples, Cala Dried Figs, do
SOMETHING NEW.-Oxford Brawn, do Pigs' Feet, Cherries, Fresh Currants, do
' Gooseberries, Pie t'lnnt, Hoiss Radish Hoots, Ea,tern Apples In Tin, Jars
and Shells, and a full line of staple and fancy groceries.
PRICES LOW. Goods guaranteed and delivered to all parts of the clt3r. Fresh
Lland Butter nlways on hand. .
Island Orders fcolicited. Telephone No. 240. P. O. Box 2!7. (702
tk The Corner Harness Store
rCTr3i '.-r uua-itill VtH.- t
Largo invoices of Gccls (of all deEcriptious) having been icseivcd by me ,they
WILL BE SOLD AT LOWER PRICES,
Than the same qualify of Gnod can lie purchased cbewherc in Honolulu, and
satisfaction guaranteed. My stock roniUtsof all kinds of AMEHICAN,
ENGLISH AND SYDN1IY MANUFACTURE,
Saddles, Belts, Pouches, Legging?, Saddle Cloths, School Bags, &c,
Bits, Spurs and Stirrups, &e., in Nickel and Silver Platen.
The reputation of my HOME-MADE HARNESS for superiority of workmanship
and material remains unchallenged dining my six years' residence here.
Thankful for the generous patronage of the past, its continuance and increase In
the future is respcctlully solicited at the old stand.
880 3m Corner of Fort and King streets, Honolulu, H. I
Every Description of Job Printing
Executed with neatness nnd dispatch,
Daily Bulletin Steam Printing Office,
Bills of Lading
Delivery Books '
... tKume iVV'iM jf
T.it"A. UHhiHn iVEi.'ii.'v.'jauaa' i
limmvJW CTIK JT?4MUiEjrfUin i
I would beg to notify the public in general that
I have opened a Carriage and Wagon shop on
King Street, at the old stand of M. J. Rose,
and lately occupied by Messrs. Whitman &
Wright, wlicic 1 am prepared to do nny kind
of Carriage anil Wagon work, m a lirst class,
. durable and practical manner. By close and
I prompt attention lo business, satisfactory
work, low and reasonable charges, I hope to
merit some of the public patronage.
"- J..-"uii .IIJU 1J1U.U1, UU MCU1UIU JOtVHU.
Dutch Satisngc-i, Pohasoo Sauce, Fine Table
Curried Ousters, Jars Soused Pigs' reel,
Still to the Front !
' Shipping Reco'ts
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