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BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Exchange on tlio
JSunlc oi CiilU'oiMiia, Ss. IP.
And thoir agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messts. N. M.Rolhschlld&Hon, London.
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Hank of Now Zenlnnd: Auckland,
Ohrlstcliurch, mid Wellington.
The Hank of British Columbia, Vic
torla, B. C. nud Portland, Or.
Transact ti General Hanking Business.
I'lcdgoJ to neither Beet nor Farty.
Eat established for tho benofit of all.
TUESDAY, JULY 11, 188f.
THIS EVENINC'S DOINCS.
Yoscmitc Skating Kink 7.
Central Park Skating Kink, 7.
Excelsior Lodge, I.O.O.F., 7:
Honolulu Kiflcs, 7:30.
Mce'ting Stock Exchange, at 1 1 .
THE LAND QUESTION.
This is a living question of the
day, not alone in the British Isles.
There the common people arc repre
sented as being crowded off the soil
to make room for sheep and deer,
and ground into the dust by the
exactions of the lordly landowners.
Still, even there an unsolved pro
blem exists beyond that of the rela
tions between landlords and tenants,
and the cognate one of the propor
tion of population to amount of
land. This is illustrated, for one
thing, by the fact that large tracts
of land in the United Kingdom arc
begging for purchasers in the mar
ket. The land question there, as in
every country under the sun, has
resolved itself into one pertaining
to the direct interest, if any, the
state should rightly hold in all the
land of the nation. Thoughtful
minds have been at work upon this
main problem, and the result pro
mises to inure to the good of all
humanity. Some time ago an ab
stract wps given in these columns of
the principles set foith in that re
markable document, issued about
two years ago, entitled, "The New
Scottish League and Covenant."
These new Scotch covenanters hold
to the doctrine of equal human
rights in the soil of the nation.
Their belief in this regard is sub
stantially that of Henry George,
one of the most misrepresented men
of the times among people who arc
compelled to judge him by his views
as emasculated to modern telegra
phic brevity. The equal division of
rights in the soil advocated by those
land reformers involves no grand
process of confiscation by the state
of all lands for the benefit of in
dividuals. It is simply to make the
land, excepting all the improve
ments of industry upon it, bear the
main burden of iutcrnal taxation.
Land under private ownership
should, under the proposed system,
be taxed indiscriminately and uni
formly according to its actual local
value. Thus, it is held, by treating
all land as the property of the whole
people, the whole people would be
made the landlords, and the indivi
dual users the tenants of all, thus
securing to each his equal right.
In this kingdom the laud question
awaits patriotic and statesmanlike
action to be recognized as the most
paramount one for definite and satis
factory settlement. That it is not a
matter vital to national prospeiity
and progress is not proved by the
fact that there is not here a tenant
class clamoring for rr.dioss of just
grievances, or a numerous popula
tion demanding a share of the public
domain to cultivate. In older coun
tries the question is land lights for
the people. Here it is partially
that, but much more. The compa
ratively little that has been done,
outside of sugar-raising, in the im
proving of tho land, and making the
soil yield its increase, is opening the
patriotic eye to tho possibility of
this' kingdom becoming tho home of
hundreds of thousands of indepen
dent agriculturists. It is dawning
upon the minds of thoughtful obser
vers that a durable and a prosperous
nation can be developed from the
existing nucleus, chiefly by first
devoting the land to population and
next procuring the most suitable
and the best-entitled classes of peo
ple to inhabit and live upon the
soil. Chief jtmong the obstacles to
this consummation so devoutly
wished stand tho vested proprietory
lights of a few large holders of the
best lands. In auy movement to
oveicomc that and other obstacles
haste should be made slowly. A
too radical policy at the outset might
have the effect of defeating its own
object. The two divisions of our
land question land for the people,
and people for the land, must be
kept iu simultaneous view. Any
supercession of vested rights by le
gislation whether in the form of
aibitrary cxpropiiation of territory,
or extreme application of the prin
ciple of making the land pay tho
taxes which would throw upon the
hands of the Government vast areas,
while as yet no definite scheme had
been devised for having them settled,
could only have the effect of pio
dttcing collapse in the whole move
ment and setting it back for decades.
The fust duty of the Government
we hold to be the settlement of such
lands as are now available. Once
such an accomplishment is fairly
under way the whole nation -would
be in a position to more fully appre
ciate the importance of the enlight
ened policy, and so be prepared to
carry it forward upon more extended
lines. Let the Homestead Act of
last session be faithfully adminis
tered, and a long step would be
made in advance. It is to be re
gretted that discredit should at this
late day be attempted to be cast
upon that measure by an apologist
of the Government. The other day
the Advertiser expressed the opi
nion that the Act would require ma
terial remodelling before it could be
efficient. "While admitting that some
amendment might be improvement,
wc have no hesitation in dissenting
from any statement that the Act is
so deficient as to be incapable of
operation. At all events, it has
taken the Government a long time
to have discovered the deficiency ;
that is, unless they have neglected
the measure till this moment while
causing representations to be pub
lished that everything was being
done to have the law given effect.
It is, moicovcr, a soi ry tribute to
the statesmanship of the Ministry,
to represent that only an abortion
has been made of such a measure,
deliberately passed by the Assembly
under full Ministciial supervision.
In conclusion, an idea, that seems
to be eminently wise", has been pre
sented to us by a gentleman whose
name would give weight to any busi
ness proposition. "While it may be
a long time before the country is
ready for having the idea in ques
tion put into effect still it is im
portant that everything that can pos
sibly contribute to the inauguration
of the proposed laud policy should
be presented to the public. The
king is one of thtf largest land
holders in his dominions, and it is
suggested that such portions of his
landed possessions as arc denomina
ted crown lands should be sold, His
Majesty's consent being gained, and
proceeds be invested in inalienable
Government bonds, the interest of
which should go to the crown in lieu
of the returns that might otherwise
accrue thereto from the lands.
Could this be effected, it would to a
large extent solve the problem of
how to obtain land for settlement.
Iu the meantime, let such lands as
the state now possesses be settled,
be it ample for no more than fifty
homesteads. Even ?o many inde
pendent farmers thriving in our
sight would be a demonstration of
the adaptability of our soil to the
sustenance of a peasant population,
which would be infinitely more con
vincing than reams of argument and
volumes of rhetoric.
A REBEL RELIC.
Mr. James T. "White has favored
us with a pcrrusal of " The Daily
Citizen," published in Vicksburg,
Mississippi, during the siege. It is
dated Thursday, July 2nd, 18G3,
when Grant was thundering at the
gales of that rebel stroughold.
Paper, like provisions, being scarce
about that time within the belea
guered town, this sheet is printed on
the reverse sido of wall paper. Its
tone regarding the besiegers is of a
braggadocio order, while its remarks
upon the privations of the besieged
garrison and people are grimly face-
tious. One item comments upon
tho reported ptirposo of Gen. Grant
to dine in Vicksburg on tho fourth
of July, the editor saying, "Ulysses
must get into tho city before ho
dines iu it." Ere tho typo was dis
tributed, however, the city fell, and
a Union man edited the closing
article of the paper, as follows:
JULY 4th, 1808.
Two days bting about great
changes. The banner of tho Union
floats over Vicksburg. Gen. Grant
has "caught the rabbit;" ho has
dined in Vicksburg, nnd he did
bring his dinner with hiin. Tho
"Citizen" lives to see it. For the
last time it appears on " "Wall
paper." 2o more will it imagine
the luxury of mule meat and fricas
scd kitten urge Southernjwnrriors
to such diet never more. This is
the last wall paper edition, and is,
excepting this note, from the types
as we found them. It will be valua
ble hereafter as a curiosity.
The paper has over a column of
wax news under the head, ' 'Yankee
News from all Points." It is indeed
a curiosity as predicted by the
editor who gave it tho finishing
touch. Mr. "White will exhibit this
"hard Citizen" at the meeting of
the Grand Army Post to-night.
AN ANSWER TO ACTION'S LETTER.
Editor Bulletin: Your corres
pondent who signs himself "Action,"
and who suggests the names of a
future Ministry, evidently is a green
hand, for the idea that any election
would influence a change is a fal
lacy, that is long exploded. The
names he suggests are good, as far
as they go. But the first name
should bo Sam. G. "Wilder not as
Foreign Minister, but as Minister
of the Interior, for which he is so
eminently fitted, and make that of
fice the Chief Minister or Premier.
The farce of our Foreign Minister
being Premier is (or ought to be)
played out. Let him be, as formerly
in the good old days, Sccrctary-at-"War,
&c , &c. But realty only to
keep up correspondence with other
nations, and be one of a Council of
four Ministers who give advice, &c. 1
The reason I advocate this idea is
that the Interior Department is the
great outlet and controlling power
of the Kingdom, and is now more
than any average man can handle.
The same could be divided up in
certainly four or five different bu
reaus to great advantage to all con
cerned, and the reason I place Mr.
S. G. Wilder as the man is the fact
of what he has done, when Minister,
for which by the way he never got
a word of thanks, cither from Gov
ernment, the press, or the people.
Who brought water down from Ma
kiki valley, and made lots on the
Plains worth 1,000 each, which
before were worth almost nothing,
and which, now they arc built on,
bring in to Government, in taxes
and water rates, something very
large? Who built the bridge, &.c,
leading down to the Kapiolani Park
making lots, &c, there valuable,
whereas before they were not worth
spending a cent on even to fence in.
I could name a great many other
things Marino Railway, Hawaii
Railway, &c, &c, but they are all
known to our community and need
no comment. He is the man.
Regarding Mr. Marques being a
future Minister, all I can say is,
Why? and as Mr. Action puts hiin
first is it because he can talk
several languages or is a very great
favorite correspondent of your
Mr. Godfrey Brown has, no doubt,
great abilities, but I would prefer,
as I think nearly all of us would,
Mr. J. O. Carter. It is needless to
enter into his record or to question
The man for Attorney General
should be a good criminal lawyer,
and one' whom the Government
could trust for an opinion on other
matters, and a man above the petty
tricks of office who would attend
to his business and not let deputies
act for him on Circuit such a man
would be Mr. Sandford B. Dole.
"The first shall be last," and I
now come to Foreign Minister, the
most useless (practically) Minister
we have, but it may want now a
man who can write a lot of letters
to other powers, which mean no
thing and answer letters of the same
calibre for this olllce. I know of
uo one, unless somo newspaper man.
I leave that to the Chief Minister
"in futiiro" to select.
These names I suggest. 1 am in
great doubt if any one of tho three
would take ofllco (big fools if they
do) and certainly only for tho
general good, to save the ship, be
fore it is too late. A great many
names could bo cited as fit and good
men to take olllce C. 1. Bishop,
A. J. Cartwright, J. I. Dowsett, W.
W. Hall, II. Watcrhousc, &c, &c,
but would any ono of these enter
tain tho idea, one moment?
If wo wait for election to do any
thing, it will only be another great
mistake 28 members vs, 20 nobles
and four Ministers, and the King to
I write tints, as you claim to bo a
Free Pres3, and call myself one
Honolulu, July M, 1885.
Book-worms are of uso to fish in
tho forgotten steams of knowledge.
St. Paul Herald.
It is noticed that men of small
calibre arc sometimes great bores.
New York Tribune.
On life's journey, without a des
tination, the traveler is sure to get
lost in the woods. -Whitehall Times.
"It is not always May," sings a
poet. You arc very right; it is
sometimes must. Burlington Free
DuniKO the .continuance of tho
Clearance Sale a't the Hawaiian
Bazar, late Ten Cent Store, fiom
this date, a reduction of ten percent
will be allowed from all purchases of
a dollar and over. 07 lw
AT A.TJCTI OPf.
ON "WEDNESDAY, JULY 15
At 10 o'clock A. M.,
At the residence nf C. Crazier, Esq., No.
lUAlnkca St., I will sell at public
nurtlon, the entire
HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE !
Upholstered Parlor Set
1 Ward Piano, M T Centre Tabic,
Carpets, Bugs, 1 Florence Sowing
B. "W. Bedroom Set,
Glassware, Crockcrywnre, 1 Range
and Kitchen Utensils, &c.
K. 1. ADAMS, Auctioneer.
A FOURTH dividend (12 percent. $120
per share) will be paid to the
stockholders of Koloa Sugar Company.
II. W. SCHMIDT. Treasurer K S Co.
Honolulu. July 13, 1835. ?! 3t
THERE will be a regular meeting of
Geo. W. DeLong Post, No. 45, De.
partment California, G.A.R., this even
ing at 7:30 o'clock, at the Post-room on
Kingr Street. Important tmiincto. By
order of POST COMMANDER.
Honolulu. July 14, 1885. lt
UIEjMAIL by the
S. S. 3Inriiosn,
"Will close at the Post ClUec,
At 10 A. M. Wednesday,
July 15, 1885.
A" LATE LETTER BAG " will be
kept open till 11 a. m., to receive
late letters, on which an additional fee
of Five Cents each letter must be paid.
Letters for Registration will be re
ceived till 9 o'clock on Wednesday.
Persons mailing correspondence on
the morning of the .steamer's departure,
are requested to stamp all letters before
H. 31. WHITNEY, P.M G.
Post Office, Honolulu, July 14th. 1885.
Mrs. J. Rodanet
W'ISIIES to inform her customers
that she is still at 51 Berctania
Street, and will continue the drcss-mak-ing
business theic, at her usual low
rates. 04 tf
For .Taluit via Legicp, Mar
shall Islands, connecting with
Gilbert and Caroline Island?.
The line Al Clipper Tcru KE
AU HOU, A. Lovcll, Master, will sail
for the above ports on or about the 17th
of July. For freight or passage apply
PACIFIC NAVIGATION CO.,
or to the Captain on board. 70 td
c. j. McCarthy
Has just icceivcd
Another lot of
Also, .some fine
THE STORE lately occupied by
Samuel Nott, in Campbell's Block,
on Fort Street. Apply to
L. A. THURSTON,
or B. F. Dillingham.
Honolulu, April 1, 1885. 085 tf
AVERY COMFORTABLE and con.
venient house on K.inau street, lie.
twecn Pensacolaand Plikol streets, con
mining three bedrooms, parlor, diulng.
room, kitchen, pantry, bath-room,
stables, etc. Lurge gaiden. Kent, $40
per month. Possession given about
August 15th. For further paitlcularfl
inquire- of LYONS ifc LEVEY,
5G tf Auctioneers.
MR. II. BARBER, late manager of
the Astor House, begs to announce
to his friends nnd the public in gcucrnl
that he has purchased the Saratoga
House, nnd will reopen on Sunday,
May 21th, First-class board by tho
week, month or transient, Special ac
commodation for Indies and families.
Reading Pnrlors open for guests of the
house. Tho coolest (lining rooms In the
I city. No flies. SO 8m
Nos. 61, 63 and
We wish to announoe the arrival of our new Summer Stook in our
which is tho most complete in this city. '
B Feathers Cleaned and Cusied.aBSI
Ntttivc Straw Sewed in nil the Styles of Hats.
500 pieces of Dress Lawns at very Low Prices.
New designs in Dress Goods, Sntins & Buntings.
Ladies' Wrappers and Children's Dresses
in large varieties. A large invoice of Laces and Embroideries.
Ladies', Misses', Children's and Infants' Hosiery
in the latest styles.
BOYS' WAISTS!! BOYS' WAISTS !
Youths', Hoys' nnd Children's Clothing a specialty.
R3-NEW GOODS, m EVERY DEPARTMENT. -a
BST Call and be Convinced. -3a
S. COIIN & COMPANY.
Pacific Hardware Company
SUCCESSORS TO DILLINGHAM & CO. AND SAM'L NOTT.
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Hardware, Agricultural Implements, House Furnishing
Goods, and General Merchandise-
Just received Eddy's Refrigerators and Ice Chest', new styles of Chandeliers
nnd Library Lamps, Stoves and Ranges, Kerosene Oil Stoves.
(3T rjVIRBiVjyrcS'' JJST HOWE'S SO-AJLJES. -a
All of which are offered upon favorable terms.
PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY.
ITT, 1. 8 Mnim Street
Granite, Iron and Tin Ware !
Chandeliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER HOSE,
House Keeping Goods,
PLUMBING, TEST, COPPER AND
903 SHEET IRON "WORK.
JOSEPH E. WISEMANS
Tho Only Recognized General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands.
Ksuvrerjisiiitjo iso. "
Offices in Campbell's lire-proof Buildinc, 27 Merchant St., Honolulu, H. IJ
i. o. riox :u n
REAL ESTATE AGENT Buys and hah Rpal Estito in all parts of tho Kine
doin. Rents Offices, Homes, Cottages and Rooms.
SOLICITING AGENT FORWILDER'S INTER-ISLAND STEAMERS-Tour-istsand
tho Tiaveling Public will apply to me for Tickets and Information to
SOLICITING AGENT FORTIUS MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO OF NEW
YORIC The Largest, Grandest and Soundest Institution of its kind in the
AGENT FOR THE GREAT BURLINGTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN AMERICA
Tills Route excels all other iouic going E.ist, the tcenery being the grnnde-t,
the meals the choicest and the Palace and Dining Cars tho handsomest and most
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Finds Employment for all seeking work in the vari
ous brandies of industry on the Islands.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON FIRE INSURANOE CO.
Tho best known Company in the Islands.
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKER-EnterH Goods at Custom House, pays nnd discharged
Freight and Duty Bills under power of Attorney. -b':
MONEY BROKER Loans Money at all times on first-class securitiy.
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENT-Logal Papers of every description drawn. Bills
Distributed nud Collected, Books and Accounts kept and adjusted. Records
Searched. Rents Collected. Taxes and Insuiance on Properly looked lifter
Copying and Engrossing done. Advertisements, Newspaper Articles. Corres
pondence and Commercial Business of every nature promptly and arcuntelv
attended t. J
AGENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL. AT HONOLULU-Companlcs abroad
will correspond with me for terms, etc. Orders for Island Shells Curios Lm a
Specimens Native Views and Photos carefully filled and forwarded to nli parts
of the World.
$3T Information uppeitalning to tho Islands given and nil correspondence faltli.
JOSEPH B. WISEMAN,
873 Gcnoral Butlnou Agent, Honolulu Hawaiian Islnnds.
65 Fort Street,
t : Telephone 173.