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BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Island.
Draw Ktrhango on tlio
JBruilt oi'Ciilli'ornin, J5. IT.
And their .lgcnts in
NEW YOKK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. X. M. Rothschild &Son, London.
The Commurcinl Hunk Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Bank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Christcliurcli, and Wellington!
The Bank of British Columbia, Vic
lorla, B. C. and Portland, Or.
Transact 11 General Banking Buiineo.
1u gdly gaUldin,
FUdgoct to neither Sect nor Patty.
But established for tho honoSt of all.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 22, 188.').
THIS EVENING'S DDINCS.
Yosemito Skating Itink 7.
Central Park Skating Kink, 7.
Oaliu Lodge, No. 1 K. of P. 7:30.
A USEFUL ART.
New industries of a pioductive
nature have of laic been much dis
cussed and commanded a gratifying
amount of interest. The .subject is
one that concerns the employment
of intelligent labor now in the coun
try and the prospect of attracting
desirable population from abroad.
Therefore, the importance of the
discussion cannot be too highly ap
praised. Anything that will affoid
useful employment to the rising
generation is wot thy of being can
vassed. There arc occupations help
ful to general advancement, which,
thought not directly productive, ate
of manifest utility and even neces
sity for tho facilitation and regula
tion of business between man and
and the ministration 01 con-
and comfort to society.
Some time ago a discussion took
place in this paper, regarding possi
ble occupation for the young people
constantly retiring from school with
the world before them. Anything
calculated to aveit the necessity of
our youth going abroad to find em
ployment suited to their capacities,
tastes and talents should be given
the utmost consideration. While
the discussion just referred to main
ly dealt with the children of the
laboi'mg classes, a question exists as
to the future of the children of better-situated
people the merchants,
mechanics and professional classes.
Such of these as have made their
homss here, and regard this land as a
pleasant habitation, will naturally
desire to have their children enter
upon honorable, comfortable careers
in their sight. Many of the youth
will, doubtless, become assistants
and successors to their lathers, but
there must remain a proportion who
will find the paicntal occupations
overcrowded, otherwise unattaina
ble, unsuited to their inclinations,
or, perhaps, coming short of what
their education and capabilities fit
them for. The whole question, the
importance of which will probably
be generally conceded, must have
its solution in large part from tho
increased recognition of the advan
tages of division of labor. With
the growth of our commerce and
the increase of wealth, special de
pal tments of work in public and
private business will be multiplied,
involving the employment of staffs
more varied in talent and training
than the passing era of simplicity
required. Thus will advancing pros-pcritj-
create fresh sources of em
ployment for tho youth of the
country. The foregoing remarks
have been conceived as introductory
to the recommendation of a very
useful art, to the attention alike of
public men, business men and the
bright young people of the commu
nity, Stenography, or bhorthand, is
the art referred to. It is very ex
tensively employed abroad, not only
in tho olllcinl reporting of legislatures
and courts, and ccitain classes of
newspaper repotting, but in manu
facturing, mercantile, financial and
insurance oltlccs. Advertisements of
situations vacant and employment
wanted in such concerns, in the
largo cities, very frequently givo a
, knowledge of shorthand as a 1 cquire
ment or 11 capability, and there is
much demand for steuographcis
simply. Stenography is a great
facilitation of business, and once a
shorthand clerk or private scctetary
is employed he is an indispensable
servant, while law courts adopting
the aids of the ail will never go back
to the slow-coach method of Inking
down testimony in longhand. It is
only n matter of time when there
will bo a call for stenographers in
the legislature, courts, and business
houses of this kingdom. Therefore,
if persons of the requisite skill can-'
not be had Tor tho service hero they
will have to be imported. To put
some of our own young people in the
way of being first in the field, is the
object of this article. By a person
of the necessary talent, tho art can
bo self-taught, requiting but patience
and perseverance to attain expert
ness. An emphatic lccoininendation
of the acquirement is that it is of
great utility in any profession, be
sides its value as a distinct means of
Kmtoii IIui.i.ktix: In the lan
guage of the newspapers, you do
me n great injustice. You credit
mo with saying or believing that
"everything is lovely and the goose
hangs high." You are wrong, sir.
1 said nothing whatever about the
goose. In fact, didn't know there
was any goose urn yiny mromul any
where within reach or sight. Was
well aware that they are quite
numerous in a locomotive condition.
So how could 1 have said that "the
goose hangs high?" It is highly
probable that if I had had the re
motest suspicion that the goose was
anywhere come-at-able I should have
yielded to a natural impulse to have
appropriated it for the requirements
of my own stomach.
Neither did 1 say that my "indo
lent bliss" would be "complete" by
"an entirely native Cabinet ruling
the roast." I did ultimate an ob
jection to an "entirely" foreign
Cabinet "ruling the roast." But
an "entirely native Cabinet" is not
the only alternative to an "entirely
foreign Cabiuet." There arc many
degrees between freezing and boil
ing points. I have 110 wish either
to be cooked or frozen to death, and
have hitherto escaped both, although
coming within a few degrees of the
former during the last week or two.
Nor havcl petitioned to have "all
foreigners debarred from citizen
ship." Every foreigner in the
country, barring the biped who sus
pends a tail from the back of his
skull, might be admitted to citizen
ship at once without milling me in
the slightest. I am quite aware,
however, that many foreigners, long
lcsidcnt in the country, remain
denizens from choice, and among
them are some who clamor loudest
I don't want to "muzzle" the
press, nor hobble it either. Would
be glad to see it become decent,
dignified, impartial, fair and truth
ful. When the press acquires the
habit of going off at half cock
when its degeneracy becomes so
complete that it cannot discuss pub
lic questions with calmness, or pub
lic men without abuse when it
jumps at conclusions and heralds
them as gospel without thorough in
vestigation when one section of it
indiscriminately praises everything
emanating fiom the side of its S3rm
pathies and another section as indis
criminately censures then, I say,
the press prostitutes its functions,
becomes a public nuisance, a dis
turber of the peace, a false guide.
To "muzzle" it would be a partial
good, to commit it to the names of
destruction would be a universal
blessing. I vote for the latter: I
You arc just as much at sea about
the "heiaus, hula and last election."
The Bethel is good enough for me.
The native hula is as bad as the
foreign article, and both have a
decidedly immoral tendency : I hold
up both hands to abolish both. I
had no stock in the last election :
wouldn't take stock at a gift. Most
things that come to my net arc fish,
but there was no fish in that farce.
Now, Mr. Editor, that scrawl of
mine that excited you to make me
say what I did not say, was not an
attempt to put any body right, but
a feeble effort to indicate where
many people arc wrong.
At last accounts, Gen, Grant was
in about the same condition as at
last previous repoit. He was sub
ject to rheumatic pains, but takes
nourishment and sleep regularly.
The Belgian Government has in
vited the American Government to
send delegates to the International
Congress of Botany and Horticul
ture at Antwerp from the 1st to the
10th of August.
DISCOUllAGIKG 6II.K CULTURE,
The New York Tribune say3 edi
torially: The raising of silkworms
is pretty harassing, exhausting and
a degradation of labor, and is fit
only for peons or half-animal pea
sants. There Is not much probabi
lity thai the industry can ever bo
raised into any importance in this
country. It would not bo good for
the people of the country if it could
bo forced into temporary success.
TltK KE.VSOX WHY.
A paragraph in the telegraphic
news of the S. V. Jhdlctin reads :
" It is now said that Blaine was not
invited to the G. A. K. Encampment
at Portland, Mc because he abused
the invitation to address tho soldiers
by making a political speech at the
encampment at Old Orchard, Me.,
rAl.t.lSd A HALT.
President Cleveland lately issued
n peremptory order to all the de
partments that all dismissals and
appointments to 1111 places not
vacant must stop at once. The
President has given heads of de
partments to understand that his
policy is to stand by the Civil Ser
vice reform declarations in his let
ter, and in his inaugural address.
A SAD KVKXT.
Mrs. James V. Coleman, wife of
the member of the California Legis
lature from San Mateo, has died
from being accidentally shot with a
A lir.AUTV SKXD-OIT.
Citizens of Kvansvillc, Indiana,
entertained Colonel Charles Denby,
the ncwiy-appoinlcd Minister lo
China, at a banquet, attended by
200 guests. The Colonel, who was
to leave for China in a few days,
responded to a toast in a speech of
unusual taste and feeling, tho re
marks containing no political allusion
of any kind.
a xakkow i:soAri:.
As the S. S. Australia was firing
the usual salute on approaching Al
catraz, Cal., her brass twelve
pounder exploded. Fortunately
there were but two persons near the
gun at. the time, these being Third
Officer J. R. Craigen and Quarter
master Bcrensen. One large frag
ment passed directly over their
heads and tore through the awning
suppoil that runs along the hurri
cane deck. Another piece was
hurled through the window of the
smoking-room and the partition be
yond into the chief officer's quarters,
where considerable damage was
done. A third piece made one of
the small boats of no great value as
a marine conveyance. Pieces of the
broken carriage, with bolts attached,
were driven in a half-circle around
the men. As but one pound and a
half of powder was used it would
look as though former discharges
had contributed to the accident.
A douum: TKAGEDY.
Edward Withers, a Custom House
clerk at Halifax, on July 14th shot
his daughter aged 18, and then him
self, both dying. For some time
past he had not been considered of
AX IMMIGRATION SCHEME.
Count Estcrhazy, who proposes to
settle 20,000 Hungarians in tho Ca
nadian Pacific Railway belt in the
Northwest, has had an interview
with the Government regarding his
scheme. The Ministers expressed
themselves satisfied with the terms
of settlement proposed by the Count
and promised to arrange the matter
as speedily as possible.
THE IKISII I.IIAGUK.
The Montreal Branch of the Irish
National League will issue a mani
festo to the Irishmen of Canada,
calling for support and subscription
toward the National Parliamentary
fund, for the payment of Irish mem
bers in Parliament, and to defray
their expenses in the coming election.
Peace negotiations with Cacercs,
head of the revolt in Peru, have
broken down completely. Nias,
commander of the Government for
ces, has ordered the army to con
centrate toward the capital.
A second dredge for the Panama
Canal has been sent from New
York, where built, and a third one
is to follow shortly. These dredges
are the largest ever built, are de
signed to excavate thirty-two feet
below the surface, and will cost
TIIK UMTKD KIX;i)OM.
HEAVY HANK PAILUKi:.
The Minister Bank, Dublin, sus
pended payment July 14th, with
liabilities of 88,750,000. The catas
trophe, which will make much suf
fering in the South of Ireland, was
precipitated by the Bank of Ireland
stopping supplies, owing to the
large unsecured indebtedness of the
Minister Bank. Directors of the
latter claim that by careful realiza
tion the assets will be ample.
A l-OCIAL SENSATION.
A tremendous sensation was caus
ed by the Pall Mull Gazette of
J11I3' Cth devoting five pages of its
space to showing that the trade in
young girls for immoral purposes
has increased alarmingly of lute
years. Wealthy people of high,
social standing woro implicated by
name with the iniquity. To supply
the demand for that issuo, the
presses were run for two hours after
the usual time, and the olllcc was
kept open until midnight selling
papers. The Gazelle's revelations
were at once the subject of volumi
nous discussion on. both sides of
the Atlantic, and on the 14 th that
paper announced that the Arch
bishop of Canterbury, Bishop of
London, Cardinal Manning and
Hon. Samuel Moilcy had consented
to act as a committee of inquiry into
the charges of aristocratic iniquity.
Sir Richard Asshcton Cross on the
same dav announced in the House
of Commons that the Government
had concluded it was not advisable
to prosecute the Gazette for its re
HKADLAUG1I AGAIN KKUUITKI).
On .the opening of the House
Bradlaugh the atheist, escorted by
Labouchere and Burt, advanced to
the table to take the oath. Sir
Michael Hicks-Beach interposed an
objection, and moved Bradlaugh
should not be allowed to go through
the form of taking tho oath. Charles
Henry Ilopwood, seconded by Sir
Wilfrid Lawson, moved an amend
ment in favor of legislating as quick
ly as possible respecting oaths of
olllcc. Mr. Gladstone supported
the amendment, believing the House
had acted unconstitutionally and
illegal, and it was its duty to redress
the giievous wiong done throughout
to the electorate of Northampton.
The motion of the Chancellor of tho
Exchequer passed by 202 to 210,
and Mr. Bradlaugh politely retired.
THE ltOYAI. MAItUIAHi:.
Princess Beatrice is to be married
to-morrow, 23rd inst., to Prince
Louis of Battcnburg.
On the reassembling of Parlia
ment, July Cth, Lord Salisbury an
nounced the Government's policy.
They should continue Gladstone's
policy legarding negotiations with
llussia for the settlement of the
frontier of Afghanistan. Those
negotiations had not proceeded far
enough to be regarded as final and
decisive. They hoped to arrive at
an amicable settlement of the differ
ences in regard to the Zulfikar Pass,
which England had promised the
Ameer should be included in Af
ghanistan. It was their duty "to
skilfully devise and vigorously lay
out measures, for the defense of the
Indian frontier. Furthermore we
should stretch out beyond, so that
when the tide of war comes it will
not come near our provinces. Those
preparations must be promptly and
energetically made, and I trust that
this policy will never be abandoned."
Regarding the Egyptian policj', the
Marquis referred to the difficulties
as enormous and of many kinds.
One principle should animate their
conduct, namely, that once taken
their steps should never be retraced.
Nothing could be done until the
financial question was settled, but in
no case could Egypt be left in an
unsafe condition. Whether the re
bellious Soudan Provinces should be
left to their fate was another ques
tion. As to domestic policy, it was
intended to avoid contentious legis
lation and to promote only such
measures as were necessary. These
would perhaps include a Secretary
for Scotland bill. He would wind
up the session at the earliest date
possible, and hoped the general
elections would be held on Novem
The Earl of Carnarvon, Lord Lieu
tenant of Ireland, gave statistics of
crime in Ireland in recent years,
showing an enormous decrease since
the passage of the Crimes Act.
Under existing circumstances the
Government considered it inadvisa
ble to renew the Act, but would trust
to a firm administration of the ordi
nary law to preserve tranquillity.
On the 7th Sir Michael Hicks
Beach, in moving precedence in the
Commons for Government business,
announced that, in "addition to the
Budget, the Government intended
to proceed with the consideration of
the Federal Council bill, the Austra
lia and East India bill, tho Irish
Educational Endowment bill, and
Secretary for Scotland bill. The
Crimes Act would not be renewed.
Mr. Gladstone supported Sir
Michael's motion, and, in a speech,
touching the various topics of state
policy, said the Government in
curred great responsibility in abo
lishing the Crimes Act.
Lord Randolph Churchill thanked
Mr. Gladstone for his considcrato
reception of tho Chancellor's speech,
and disclaimed responsibility for the
evacuation of the Soudan, because
the order had been carried out
before they took olllcc.
The policy of the new Govern
ment, as outlined by the Marquis of
Salisbury in the House of Lords, is
not regarded in France and Germany
as altogether reassuring, and his
statement had the effect of causing
a weak feeling on both the Paris and
TIIK AFGHAN MATTEU.
rumor Is current in London
convention on the Afghan
frontier question Is practically con
cluded between England and Russin,
and that its terms will soon bo made
The British Minister at Teheran
has received information to the effect
that the Afghan tribes north of
Ilindo ICoosh have declared their
willingness lo support Russia as
against the present Ameer.
Gen. Lew Wallace, ex-American
Minister to Turkey, says the Turks
regard Russia as only wanting an
outlet to the Persian Gulf.
THE SOUDAN AlTAtll.,
General Wolcslcy arrived in Lon
don on the 13th inst., and was en
thusiastically received. Ho loft
Gen. Stephenson in charge in Egypt.
A Cairo despatch of July 11th rc
poits'a letter received from a mer
chant at Haudak, saying El Mahdi
was dead, and his followers had
taken to fighting among themselves.
A similar story came from other
THE CHOLEUA IN SPAIN.
On July 13th there were 1,092
cases of cholera and 473 deaths re
ported in Spain. Official reports
showed up to that dale 30,000 cases
and 13,000 deaths from the begin
ning of the plague.
Till! t'ACIFIO MAIL.
Postmaster-General Vilas of the
United States has decided not to
use a penny of the appropriation of
S 100,000 by Congress for the trans
portation of mails, and Pacific Mail
olllcials arc refusing to contract to
carry freights after November 1st,
and to sell round-trip tickets good
after that date. It is said the City
of Sydney, the only ship on the
Australian line owned by the Com
pany, will be put on the China trade,
and the other two steamships, which
belong to English owners, make no
more tiips to San Francisco. A
gentleman connected wiih the Paci
fic Mail in that city is reported as
saying that the Sydney could make
four dollars on the China line to
every one she now makes on the
WORK OF SHORT-HAND REPORTINC.
"Is it an exceedingly difficult
matter to learn stenography?" asked
a reporter of a court stenographer
the other day.
" Well, rather. To become a
practical short-hand reporter re
quires far more than a mere knowl
edge of short-hand characters.
There are ways by which a person
may in a few weeks' time attain a
speed in short-hand writing, per
haps, twice as rapidly as a good
long-hand writer. To be a first
class reporter one must be able to
write 200 words per minute or more,
and to read it like print."
" How about general education?"
"A good stenographer must be
able to 'take' a medical expert who
talks of the anterior, superior spin
ous processes of the iliac and treat
it like a matter of course."
" What is the difference between
taking testimony and taking a dic
tated letter, or rather court and
" Very considerable. Court-work
requires average work of 200 words
a minute, whereas dictation and
office work is generally given at a
snail's pace, comparatively speaking.
There arc probably several hundred
estimable young people in the city
who have taken lessons and are
capable of taking down matter twice
as rapidly as a good long-hand re
porter, but as for their doing court
work, convention work, or political
mass meeting speeches, they couldn't
keep up with the talker for an entire
minute. Ability to write 100 words
a minute is of no earthly use in
court reporting,5 whereas in office
work one can get along fairly well
at that rate of speed."
" Who make the best steno
graphers?" "To become really an expert one
must begin young. The exceptions
only provo tho general rule. The
necessary requirements at the start
are a good English education, a vast
amount of perseverance and a good
constitution. When a stenographer
has reported all day he feels more
tired out than anyone elso can, ex
cept a newspaper man who has
worked all night. Then, when court
adjourns, the short-hand writer is
perhaps asked to writo out half
what ho has taken during the day,
and he sits up with an amanuensis
until 3 or 1 o'clock in the morning.
For all this he is paid, and paid
pretty well, but it is killing work,
and requires constant care, skill
and good judgment."
"Johnny, it would be a good thing
for you to remember in life that we
never get anything in this world if
wc don't ask for it." "Yes, wo do,
pa," ansewered Johnny, promptly ;
"I got a licking in school to-day,
and you can bet I didn't ask for it."
"My son," said a father, gravely,
handing tho youth some money, "do
you know why a SlO-bill is like a car
rier pigeon?" "Certainly, father,"
replied the youth, pocketing the
money ; ' 'it flies so fast after it Is
Tho small bo' learning the
alphabet is like a postage stamp he
gets stuck on the letters.
fpilli! annual meeting of stockholders
X. in the Wnirocn Sue, ir Mill Co. will
1)0 held at the office of Ed. HoflVchlacgor
fc Co., on Friday, .July 24th. nt 10 n.m.
rer Order, ED. BUTTON, bco'y.
Honolulu, July 22, ISM. 78 3t
Nnlurdny livening, July iiSth,
From 7 to 9 o'clock.
Later Saving Soft Soap.
TfHAT ALL FAM.
11 B'"i(l IiiindrleM 11
W. l". HlTllfk's shop,
I LIES. HOTELS
ni'cil. For silent
lk'tlii'l xtifi't. liv
77 1 tn
wji 11. hudity
BY a Portuguese man, Willi two son",
one 12 and one J 3 years old,' and
11 girl !) years old, nil of whom eiili
make themselves iicful, and 111,1 v bi
engaged sepaialoly. Apply lit M A.
Gonmilvcs & Co., l!t Hotel St. 74 lw
ALL persons indebted to 1110 are res
pcetfully requested to settle tlioli
accounts before !)lst inst., as 1 piopoe
leaving for England, August 1st. All
bills against mc""vill be p.iid mi prcsen.
UlUnn. (74 2w) L. D. KbIUt.
THOSE desirable premises on 31 He
retania Sheet, between Fort and
Niiuanu Streets, tho house contains pal
lor, Si bediooms, dining room, kitchen,
bath and store rooms. Also, a detached
cottage, containing 0 large airy bed
rooms. Inquire on the premise,.
Honolulu, July 7lh, 188"i.
The undcisigncd expecting to leave
the Kingdom for a time, offers for sale
a five j ears' lease of the American
House with all furniture and appert'iin
ibcMs thereunto belonging. Apply for
terms on tho premises No. 70 Mauuakea
Stieet. (63 tf) Z. Y. SQUIRES.
Per FOREST QUEEN,
A large invoice of the Celebrated
ST. LOUIS LAGER BEER !
In Quart and Pints,
For Sale in Lots to Suit at
F.A. Schaefer & Co
, 75 lw
Beef ! Beef !
The very best quality from
J. Campbell's Honouliuli Ranch.
The Cheapest in the Market.
Hop Chong Comp'y,
No. 45 Maunakea Street.
Delivered to any part of the Town.
READING ROOM ASSOCIATION.
THIS INSTITUTION is located on
the corner of Hotel and Alakea
streets, directly opposite the building of
the Y. M. C. A., and is open every day
and evening, Sundays included.
The Heading Room is supplied with
all the local journal';, us well us nearly
fifty of the leading foreign papers and
Tho Clsculating Library consists of
over 3,000 volumes, and is constantly
Tho licfcicnco Library contains a
valuable line of cyclopedias, diction.
aries, and works of a similar character.
A handsome parlor is provided for
conversation and games.
Tho Circulating Depaitment is closed
Terms of membership : Signing the
roll und paying the regular dues, llfty
cents a month, quarterly in advance.
Slinngers from foreign countries and
visitors from other islands are welcome
to tho rooms ut all limes, hut as tho
Association has no other regular means
of support except the dues o'f member?,
it is expected that residents of Honolulu
who desire to avail themselves ot its
privilege's, and all who feel an interest
in maintaining an institution of this
kind In our community, will join the
Association and pay tho regular dues.
S. IJ. DOLE President
M. M. SCOTT Vice-President
II. A. PAH MELEE Secretary
O. T. BODGERS, M. D Chairman Hall
and Library Committee, 77 tf