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?"!jV "? 'W" &
BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu. Hawaiian Islands
Diav Evrhance on tljf
JUmiU ol Oil i Tomtit, S. JU'.
Ami Hair agonls Ii
NEW YORK. BOSTON. HONG KONG.
;; Mossrs. X. .M.llotlmohlld&Snii, London.
-Tlic Comineiclal Rank Co., of S.VMiiiy,
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Hank or New Zealand: Auckland,
Ohi'lstchuvch, and Wellington.
The Hank of HiitHi Columbia, Vic
toria, 11. U. and l'oilland, Oi.
I , AX1
Transact u General Eanklmr Uusiness.
TO gnihi .u.Urtin,
PIcJccl to neltbor Sect nor Party,
Bnt established for tho benefit of all,
THURSDAY, Al'(i. lil, 1885.
THIS EVENINC'S DOINGS.
Flyer's Circus, :it 7 :V,0.
Yosoniilo Skating Kink 7.
Central Park Skating Kink, 7,
Mvstic Lodge. K. of P., 7:30.
LAND AND PEOPLE.
It fa an axiom in science1 that a
liorty consists of the sum total of iU
individual pails, no more and no less.
The same principle doubtless obtains
in political and social bodies. The
national virtue will be the virtue of
its individual citizens. And, in the
same manner, the vitality of the
'nation is the aggregate vitality of
the people. Its existence is simply
the existence of its constituent parts,
and these constituent parts, are the
various individuals of the human
family collected within its borders.
The country is great or the reverse,
according as its people arc a great
people or an aggregation of nobodies.
Whatever state policy goes to attract
a desirable class of immigrants, or
to provide for the population already
under it, is that which will command
approval at home and abroad. And
if this Hawaiian nation is to survive
the wear of year's, and perpetuate
itself as one of the nations of the
world, it must have a population, of
native or foreign birth, or both.
There seems to be a general impres
sion that the native clement is dimin
ishing in numbers, and if such is the
ea?e, depopulation, or ifational ex
tinction, must toltow, unless vigor
ous measures be adopted to prevent
such a catastrophe. What the meas
ures urgently and immediately need
ed are opens up many questions
which will doubtless be debated
vigorously by all concerned in their
solution. Fortunately for the main
question, it 'need not be left alto
gether to vague theorizing or to
.scientific reasoning to settle. It is
a question which has been practically
; .answered in, the United States of
America and the Australian colonies,
and is at the present time in process
of 'solution by similar methods in
the Dominion of Canada. It is sim
ply making provision by statutory
enactments for .settling the country
With the largest possible number of
landed proprietors. The homestead
lavvs'of the United States and the
Australian colonies have turned vast
tracts of howling wilderness into
comfortable and prosperous homes.
Similar laws in the Dominion of
Canada are also opening up millions
of acres of some of the most fertile
lands, on the American Continent,
lands until very recently the undis
turbed haunts of the buffalo, and it
few wild Indian tribes. AH these
laws and regulations are formulated
oh the axiomatic principle that popu
lation, and that in families, is what
makes a country. People are con
sidered of more value than buffa
ioes, or forests primeval, or prairie
grass. On these islands, there are
-,big tracts of hind lying in the silence
of unpeopled desolation, that might
be the homes of a busy population.
It is tine, there are extensive plan
tations and immense cattle ranches ;
.and these roll up no small volume
of trade, yielding handsome profits
to the few who are fortunate enough
to be siarehoIdeis. Under a system
of small farms, plaiitiug'and grazing,
,-:ind diversified agricultural indus
tries, capitalists lylioso money is at
present invested in two or three
enterprises, inst'oad of being con
tracted, would soon find the sphere
of their operations greatly expand
ed, and" instead 'of risking nil their
resources on (he lluetuations of the
world's markets with respect to one
article of commerce, they would
And n law of compensation in a
diversified commerce, whereby loss
on one article would he fully repair
ed by increased gain in others. If
large tracts ol locked up laiuls on
this island alone were thrown open
to settlement, bodies of colonists
could, without doubt, be attracted
to the country. Honolulu itself,
instead of depending almost wholly
upon inter-island trade for its pros
perity, would be backed by large
agricultural districts, which would
bring much piolltablc trade to the
city, and that, to a large extent,
independently of the thousand and
one vicissitudes to which the very
limited number of her resources are
now continuously subject. Schemes
are already being mooted for throw
ing open several extensive tracts of
land for occupation in small farms,
and all feasible schemes of that
character ought to be backed by
Government and people. A suc
cessful scheme of colonization will
no doubt be a great boon to the
native race who will be likely to fall
into line and take their share of the
advantages so offered, and which
will then be within their reach.
Confidence in 31. De Lcsseps'
ability to carry out any project that
he conceives, however vast, has
apparently a limit in his own nation.
Latest Kuropenn advices intimate
that the French Government declines
to guarantee the new issue of Panama
Canal bonds. Or, perhaps it is that
consideration of the ' question of
ultimate control gives the French
statesmen pause. France could
scarcely bo expected to repeat the
Sue, performance of building an
international highway, and after
ward allowing it to become virtually
a Hrilish property.
Castelar the Kepublican leader is
being lionized in a tour through
Galicia. Spain's restless spirit is
apparently longing for relief from
galling repose under the sway of
the yet juvenile monarchy. Too
close confinement to peaceful call
ings is grating upon the nerves of
the populace. A constitutional turn
in the air of liberty historically
designated a revolution is pined
after. No matter how dull the axes
to be ground in Spain as in her
descendants and dependencies of
America the grindstone will re
volve with charming celerity, lie vo
lutions arc so normal to Spanish
existence that it is no wonder
which is the head and which the
heels of a Spanish dominion any
where is seldom distinguishable to
VIEWING THE RANCHES.
(J-Jditorial Correspondence of the
It was not a gay nor a very impos
ing cavalcade that rode up King
street yesterday afternoon, in the
direction of the ranches on the Wai
alua road. It may have been a
rough and rugged looking proces
sion, and many a native man and
woman may have giggled heartily at
the way the editorial and reportorial
squad straddled their steeds. But
what of all that V It would be in
justice to other great minds to say
that the intellect, the journalistic
mind, and the oracular wisdom of
the city was all carried away on the
backs of the prancing steeds form
ing that modest cavalcade. Never
theless, be it not forgotten that all
the intellect, all the journalistic
mind, and all the oracular wisdom
of the city did not remain in it, after
the aforesaid cavalcade passed out
of town. So much has been written
of late about homestead laws, mixed
industries, immigration, and kindred
topics, and chiefly in the Rum.ktix,
that a party was formed, consisting
of representatives of the Uui.i.ktik,
the Advertiser the Guzette, and the
liuttirdd J'ress to go out in a body,
explore the country, and thereafter
write itii)) or down as it 111113' require,
but from the standpoint of personal
observation. In case the scribes of
jiewspaperdoin might exaggerate
their observations on tho country, or
might perhaps be inspired by good
horses and good victuals to see
everything thiough rose-colored
spectacles, the originators of the
expedition took the wise precaution
of inviting our learned and judicious
friend the Fort Street Professor to
come right along, too. Without any
vain trumpeting, it may be safely
asserted that in the party were just
the right men in the right places.
One of the party had ridden over
the moorlands and .some Of the great
agricultural estates of Scotland and
Ireland, had seen the hills and fer
tile glades of New Zealand, and
knew California like n book j smother
had ridden his mustang up and down
the slopes of the Nevadas and the
Pacific Coast, another had seen the
hedcetows and crcat garden farms
of Old England, doubled Cape
Horn, and seen the vegetation and
the products of many climes, and
yet another out of the colder regions
of Hie temperate zones and from
Hie "Valley of Evangeline" where
grow the linest apples in the world,
had personal observation for many
years of the excellent results of
small farm homesteads occupied by
free and independent rural popula
tions ; and with all these varied ex
periences, there arc the superadded
observations made by the professor
in Japan and America. The party
rode on, here pacing cautiously
down a steep incline, made some
what rough by the wash of recent
freshets, there breaking into a gal
lop over magnificent roads, and
anon drawing rein to look abroad at
the glorious view of mountain and
valley spread around. Mile upon
mile of taro and rice fields heavily
irrigated by the mountain streams
meet the view seaward : while land
ward, great tracts of rolling upland
extend far away in the distance to
the bases of the Niiuami mountains.
Herds of cattle, slice) and goats are
seen far and near on the heights
and slopes of these far-reaching
undulations. The soil ' is all of a
reddish color, and is evidently of
volcanic origin. Those of the party
who ought to be the best connois
seurs of soils, express themselves
as astonished at its evident richness.
It is a soil that might be utilized for
any kind of agricultural products.
For whatever purposes the land
might he ultilizcd, the fact soon
begins to grow upon the whole party
that these lands have not been uti
lized bevond the requirements of
limited pastoral enterprises. The
party rides on, but the evidences of
agricultural enterprise and the re
sults of the labor of an agricultural
population do not appear, except in
the taro and rice fields already men
tioned. To say that the people are
idle and thriftless is no libel on
anyone, for there are no people.
About half a dozen dwelling houses,
and a small party of Chinese nav
vies working on the road and two or
three ranchmen ambling on their
ponies on a solitary hill top, are tho
only signs of human life to be
noted on the wayside during a ride
of some six or seven miles. Here
is the country, and a magnificent
country withal, but where are the
people"':' From home? Where are
the homes? Not a roof to be seen
in all those line expanses of hill and
valley with a rich deep soil of all
but unlimited possibilities of pro
duetioii. We have been taught the
now stereotyped lesson in geography
that this-earth with all its continents
and islands was created to'rbe the
habitation of man, and no doubt the
Hoard of Education inculcates the
same theory, through the authorized
text books of the national schools,
into the minds of the youth growing
ii) here. Passing up the Waialua
road, observation, does everything
but corroborate the utilitarian theory
of the earth's existence in so far as
it applies to this island. If observa
tion is anything, and scientists say
it is everything, these hills and
glades go to prove -that at least the
island of Oahu has been perverted
from its original purpose in the
economy of nature, and that "some
one had blundered," inasmuch as.
large areas of its best lands are
devoted to the sustenance of the
cow, the ox and the goat, the people
to shift for themselves as best they
can about the docks and street
corners of Honolulu. Where culti
vation appears, it proves an unmis
takably grand success. AVhercver
improvements break up the soil, the
soil gives manifold returns. Com
ing over the brow of one of the
hills, an immense structure appears
in the distance. It reminds the ob
server of the bridges over some of
the mountain gorges on the line of
the Union and Central Pacific rail
roads. It turns out to be llobinson's
irrigating flume, running along on
trestle work over a wide gorge at
the bottom of which is the Waipahu
stream and spring. The road leads
down towards the water, and passes
under the highest part of the trestle
bridge, the flume at the roadway
being apparently about eighty feet
overhead. Ilight by tho road is a
big pump for raising the water to
the Hume. It is brought by this
conduit to Robinson's banana plan
tation, covering about fifty acres of
land at Ulalena. There is an opin
ion among the natives that this Wai
pahu stream has subterranean con
nection with Knhuku. In support
of this theory the story goes that a
woman at Kahuku accidentally let
a tapa stick fall into the water, and
all efforts to recover it proved futile,
but seme time afterwards being at
Kwn, she saw her lost tapa stick and
accused the possessor of having
stolen it, but tho alleged pilferer
was acquitted on proving that the
stick had been picked up in the
Waipahu stream. The " fourth
estate" cavalcade passes on, and
after another hour's equestrianism,
that by this time is beginning to bo
more painful than romantic to some
members of the party, the lloiiouli
uli ranch is reached,, horses are
taken cave of, the pressing, pro
fessor and all) are shown to well
furnished apartments, and every
man is hospitably directed to make
himself perfectly' at home. A sump
tuous dinner soon follows, the soup
and fowl are excellent, and the fish,
a fine Papiopioulua, is simply magni
ficent. In next letter, yon will have
an attempted account of a two days'
ride over the greatllonouliuli ranch,
covering a tract of about l.'l,O0O
in MAIL by the
S. S. JInriposn,
Will close at IhePoM Office,
Ai .10 a. m. Saturday,
August 15, 188.-.
A" LATK LETTEK HAG " will be
kept open till 11 a. 111., to receive
late letters, on which an additional fee
of Five Cents each letter must tie paid.
Letters for Keoistuation will be re.
reived till 0 o'clock on Saturday.
Persons mailing correspondence on
the morning of the steamer's departure,
aic requested lo stamp all letters before
II. M. WHITNEY, P.M.G.
Post O nice. Honolulu, Aug. loth. 1H35.
I Great Credit Sale
H, Hackfeld & Co.,
FRIDAY,' AUGUST 14, 1885,
At 10 o'clock, continuation of
Tilox!!i', O-ooclss !
Haidwaic, Saddlery, Tobacco & Cigars,
Rags, Hope, Paper, Cemeiil,
At IS: O'clock, Groceries,
Vinegar in bbls and demijohns, Blue &
Ked Soap, Epsom Salts, Cream Tartar,
Carbolic Soda, Sausages, Mushrooms,
Sardines, Olive Oil, Castor Oil, Pepper,
Pickles, Mustard, Peas, Canned Reef,
Canned Fruits, Etc.
German Beer, Norw. Beer, Ale. Porter,
Gin, Whiskey. Hum. Sherry, Port Wine,
Brandy, Champagne, Claret, Etc, .Etc.
B. 1 ADAMS, Auct'r.
A Fiae Assortment
Japanese Goods !
Will he on view in the rooms above
On Toit Street,
ON AND AVri'.lt
Weanesflay, Aipit 1211,
f'ONHIM'INO IN FA TIT OK
Japanese Curios I
Ladies' Dressim Gowns,
Elegant Tea Sets,
All of which articles will bo sold at
reasonable prices. Terms Cash.
Nos. 61, 63 and
We wish to announce the arrival of our new Summer Stock in ottr
which is the most complete in this city.
$3r Feathers Cleaned and Curled. "5!
Native Straw Sewed in all the Styles of Hats.
"iOO pieces of Dress Lawns at very Low Prices.
New designs in Dress Goods, Satins & Huntings.
Ladies' Wrappers and Children's Dresses
in large varieties. A large invoice of Laces and Embroideries. '
LadicS', Misses', Children's and Infants' Hosiery
in the latest styles.
BOYS' WAISTS ! BOYS' WAISTS !
Youths', Boys' and Children's Clothing a specialty.
ear NEW GOODS IN EVERY DEPARTMENT. -a
JBQT Call and he Convinced, -a
S. COIIN & COMPANY.
SUCCESSORS TO DILLINGHAM & CO. AND SAM'L N0TT-
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
HardvMre, Agricultural Implements, House Furnishing
Goods, and General Merchandise.
Just received Eddy's Refrigerators and Ice Chests, new styles of Chandeliers
and Library Lamps, Stoves and Ranges, Kerosene Oil Stoves.
C2T FAIRBANKS' AND HOWE'S SCALES.-ti
All of which are offered upon favorable terms.
PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY.
I0T T, 1. 8 Kaahuianu Street
Granite, Iron and Tin Ware !
Chandeliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER HOSE,
House Keeping Goods,
PLUMBING, 1 TIM, COPPER AND
SHEET IRON WORK.
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN,
The Only Recognized General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands-
KSTABLTSIIED 1 87().
Offices in Campbell's Fire-proof Buildiner, 37 Merchant St., Honolulu, H. I
L. . llox:il."i i : : i Telephone ITS.
REAL ESTATE AGENT Uuys and sells Real Estate in all pails of the King
dom. Rents Offices, Homes, Cottages and Room?-.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR AVILDER'S INTER-ISLAND SPEAMEKS-Tour
iats and the Traveling Public will apply to mo for Tickets and Information to
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. "OF NEW
YOKE"--Tho LarjreM, Ginnde.M and Soundest Institution of its kind in the
AGENi'FOll THEGHEAT UUI1LINGTON HAILWAY RUUTE IN A5IEHICA
This Route excels all other routes going East, the M.'wr.v being tho grandest,
the meals lliii choirest and tho Palace and Dining Cais iho'haiidROjnoit and not
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Finds Employment for all Hiking woik In the vari
ous branches of industry on the Islands.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON FIUE INSURANCE CO.
Tho best known Company In the Jblands.
CUSTOM HOUSE I1ROICER Entei.s Goods at Custom Houpp, pays and discharges
Freight and Duty Bills under power of Attorney.
MONEY BROKER Loans Money at all times on llral-elats man illy.
GENERAL RUSINKSS AGENT Logul Papeis of every deseilpilon drawn. Hills
Distributed and Collected, Hooks and Accounts kept and luljuste.i. Records
Searched. Rents Collected. Taxes and Insuiance on Proj erty looked tiller.
Copying mid Engrossing done. Advertisements, Newhpapcr Arlh le, Torres
pondeiico and Commercial Rusiness of every nature promptly and aciiuately
AGENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL AT HONOLUI.U-Companles abroad
will correspond with mo for terms, eto. Older for Island Shells,, C'urins, Lava
Specimens, Native Views and Photos raiefully filled and forwarded to all parts
of tho AVorld.
t$ Information appertaining to the Islands given and all cnriospondewe falih.
JOSKIW K. WISEMAN,
873 Ccnoral Business Agent, Honolulu Hawaiian Islands.
r 1 fiiiifiii
Ka ill III I Kl H
65 Fort Street,