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fr iiwiliMiii'hi lniilifiM ttifami fwMiwwiii i yy.
BISHOP & Co.. BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands,.
Dnw Excbanejc fin the
JBruils oi Culiibruin, S. X.
And their ngents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. X. M. Rothschild fcrSon, London.
The Commercial Bank Co., ot Sydney,
The Commercial Bank Co., nf Sydney,
The Hank of Now Zealand: Auckland,
Christchurch, nnd Wellington.
Tho Hank of British Colnmhla, Vic
torlti, 11. C. and Portland, Oi.
Transact u General Banking Rumour.
Fledged to neither Beet nor Party.
Eat established for the benefit of nil,
TUESDAY, AUG. 18, lS8."i.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Fryer's Circus, at 7:30.
Yosemite Sknting Kink 7.
Excelsior Lodge, I.O.O.F., '
Honolulu Kidcs, 7:30.
Meeting Stock Excliange, at 11.
THE PLANTERS' MONTHLY.
This periodical for August is rich
in practical discussions of topics
pertaining to the sugar industry.
There arc communications from Dr.
G. Martin, Mr. K. Seig, Dr. J. Mott
Smith and "An Engineer," and a
number of instructive selections.
The new ramie project receives de
tailed mention, of which we make
use in another column. Editorially
the recent Board of Immigration
circular regarding contract labor is
discussed. Pending fuither inform
ation upon certain points raised in
the article, the Monthly reserves
full expression of opinion. It asks,
"What will be the effect if em
ployers who have employed immi
grants under contract with the Gov
ernment, insist upon having the con
tracts carried out and claim the
right to enforce their rights in court
according to law, and refuse to
recognize the cxparte regulations of
the Board?" In an article on the
"State and Prospects of the Sugar
Market," the following important
information is given :
"A matter of great local interest
is the return from San Francisco on
the 8th instant of Messrs. Glade,
Jones and Atherton. without having
effected any agreement with Mr.
Spreckels concerning the disposition
of the next sugar crop. On behalf
of the planters and agents interest
ed, the crop was offered to Mr.
Spreckels upon the same basis upon
which the last crop was sold, viz. :
Upon the Manila basis, ill per cent,
test, with the addition or deduction
of $ cent for each degree over or
above !) 1 per cent. Mr. Spreckels
declined to accept, giving as his
principal reason that the crop of the
islands was too large, and that he
bad sugar enough without it. The
outcome of the difference in opinion
between Mr. Spreckels and the
planters is of great importance to
planters,, and will be awaited with
In the same article it is stated
that on most, if not all, of the plan
tations on Hawaii and Kauai the
rain lias more than compensated for
the injury done by the recent great
storm, and crops Tire looking finely.
TEST FOR LUBRICATING OIL.
Editor Bih.i.utin: As the sub
ject matter of the following 13 of
great importance to owners of ma
chinery in this kingdom, as well as
elsewhere, I have copied it from
"The Manufacturer & Builder" :
Place n single drop of the different
kinds to be compared in a line across
the end of a piece of plate glass
about 24 inches long, one cud being
placed six or eight inches higher
than the other, to form an inclined
plane. The drops of oil run down
this smooth surface in a race with
each oUier. The quality of the oil
for lubricating purposes is shown by
the distance traveled and the trace
left by the drop, Thus, on the first
day, sperm oil will he found in the
rear, but will in time overtake the
rest, and retain its power of motion
after tho other oils have dried up. A
light-bodied oil flows quickly, like
water, but also diies, whereas w hat
is needed is a good body, with no
tendency to gum, and this will dis
tinctly show on the glass. L.
THE ISSUING OF LIQUOR LICENSES ON
THE OTHER ISLANDS.
BY I). M. CltOWJ.KV.
An assertion can be made in fewer
words than is required for its refu
tation, but your space and my time
jBaiiianmuMSii..'igi , nnnwyij.
demand brevity. I will thorofore
condenso, as far as possible, over
the vast area traversed by your cor
respondent. My first object is to
prove that wine of a non-intoxicat-ing
character, i. e., the pure fer
mented juice of tho grape; as well
as the fermented alcoholic wine, was
in common use in the Jewish era,
and was known to, and written of
by the sacred writers, and also by
secular histoiians of the age down
to the time of Zcnophou and Pliny
names mentioned by your corres
pondent. In llii' English version of the
Scriptures, the distinctions made in
the original arc often obscured.
This is especially tiuc in relation to
the void wine. In the Hebrew, the
language in which the Old Testa
ment was written, different wines
are indicated by different words,
which aro all rendered in the Eng
lish translation by the one word
wine. The principal words thus
employed arc yayin, cXw, tirost.
Yayin, according to the Biblical
critics, lefcrs to wine in any form.
It might be sweet or sour, fermented
Shekar was the term applied to
any sweet juice detived from any
other source than the grape. It is
sometimes translated honey. It
usually refers to the juice of the
palm-tree or of its fruit, the date;
and. like yayin. it included the fer
mented and tho unfermented condi
tion of the juice.
Titosh was applied to the ripe
fruit of the vine, and to the fresh
juice of the grape before fermenta
tion had begun. It is often trans
lated "new wine."
In brief, then, yayin means fer
mented or unfermented juice of the
grape ; shekar means fermented or
unfermented wine or juice of the
palm-tree, of dates, or other sweet
fruit: tirosh means the sweet unfer
mented juice of the grape, or new
lSTo one disputes the sort of wine
mentioned in tho text quoted by
your correspondent, where intoxica
tion follows, but 1 will quote a few
only from a vast number which indi
cate quite an opposite tendency,
some of which are palpable mis
In the liolv place shall thou cause the
stiong wine to lie ponied unto the Lord
for a drink offciing. Numbers L'S:7.
The term which is here rendered
"strong wine" is She&ar, which
should be translated "sweet wine."
This is supported by the statement
of an eminent Jewish rabbi, Dr.
Adler, who says of the Jews, "In
their oblations and libations, both
public and private, they employed
the fruit of the vine, that is, pressed
grapes and unfermented grape
juice." "Fermentation is to them
always a symbol of corruption."
According to Plutarch, even the
Egyptians used only uufcrnicntcd
wine in sacrifice, and we know that
in their ceremonial observances tho
Hebrews copied a little from their
Wine which cheereth God ami man.
The wine here referred to cannot
be fermented, for the original word
so rendered is tirosh, which as be
fore shewn was always applied to
grapes or the pure fresh juice. To
those who like myself have lived in
wine-growing lands, I need not say,
that the fresh juice of the grape has
a peculiarly refreshing effect when
taken cool, that any quantity can be
drunk without any of the effects of
fermented wine. In certain fevers
it is the best remedy known and
given in hospitals as such.
lie cau-eth thegra'-s to grow for the.
cattle and hoib for the service of man:
that bo may bring forth fruit out of the
I'.utb; nnd wine that mnkcth glad the
beait of man and oil to make his face to
shine. IV. 101:14,15.
The wine referred to heie must be
of the unintoxicating kind, for it is
mentioned as a natural product
along with grass, the herb and oil.
Fermented wine is not a natural re
sult of growth, the basis of it is
alcohol, which is not found in any
living grain, fruit or vegetable; it
is the product of decay and decom
position, to be found only at the end
of nature's funeral. If God intend
ed man to use it in his food, He
would have given man a different
organism, which no doubt would
have included a fire-water proof
brain, and some approach to a cast
At tho mairiagc feast at Caua in
Galilee, whore Jesus turned water
into wine, mentioned in John 2, the
governor of the feast a sort of
master of ceremonies said to the
bridegroom, "thou has kept the
good wine until now." "Vc here
ask recognized authority what
was the 60rt of wine most
likely to bo prized and bo pronounced
good by the Jews of that day and
under such circumstances. Says
Dr. Jacobus: "Those were con
sidered the best wines which were
least stiong." Prof. M. Stewart
says that the ancients regarded un
fermented wino "as of a higher
flavor and finer qiinlity than unfor
nientcd wine," Lastly, Dr. Isaacs,
an eminent Jewish rabbi, bears tho
following testimony, "Tho Jews do
not at their feasts for sacied pur
poses, including the marriage
feasts, ever use any kind of fer
mi iiHi rm ,aiijtypiw
Tho Passovov "Wino was tho wino
used by Christ and his disciples at
tho last (or passover) supper, just
before tho crucifixion. Fermented
or unfermented? If we can ascer
tain with certninty the character of
tho wine employed by tho Jews in
tho passover feast, wo shall be able
to settle this question :
1st Tho ancients understood, as
we do, that the process of fermen
tation lt one of putrefaction and
2ndly Not only leavened or fer
mented bread was forbidden, but all
fermented thin as. Savs Dr. Kitto
in his "Hand Book to the Bible,"
"All fermented substances were pro-
hibitcd during the paschal feast of I
the Jews, and dining tho succeeding
seven days." Hence the pnssovcr
was called the "feast of the un
leavened," the woul bread not being
found in the original.
3rdly If the body of Christ was
necessarily represented by bread
which was absolutely free from fer
ment, surely his blood "which is
the life" should be represented by
wino equally free from putrefactive
elements. In view of the above
facts and of the actual words used
by Christ himself at the celebration,
"the fruit of the vine," and, "drink
it new with you in my father's king
dom," can there be any reasonable
doubt as to the character of the wine
in that memorable cup?
Dilnk no longer water but if-e a little
wine for tbv 'toinaeh's sake. 1 Timo
This text is quoted by moderate
drinkers as a stronghold, but the
wine which Paul leconimcnded was
such as would be good for Timothy's
stomach. Alcoholic wines aic noto
riously bad for even a healthy sto
mach. They interfere with digestion
and arc a prolific cause of dyspepsia.
Unfermented wine on the other hand
has just the opposite properties. It
is a most wholesome article and was
much esteemed by Paul's contem
poraries for the very purpose for
which be recommended it to Timo
thy. Athemcus recommeuded sweet
wine as "being very good for the
Dr. E. W. Richardson, F. K. S.,
on his Canter Lectures on alcohol
delivered before the Society of Arts,
London, in 1871, describing ancient
wines, mentions medicinal wines of
the ancient Romans ; at page 22 he
says: "Certain wines named Myn
dian, llalccarnassian, Rodian, and
Coan, were made with (added) salt
water. They were considered not
to be intoxicating and to promote
digestion. Two wines, Conidian
and Adrian, were also medicinal
wines. The first it was believed
engendered blood, and was at the
same time a laxative, the second was
a diaphoretic. Muslum was a term
applied to wine newly made of the
JirU juice of the grape. Protopum
was the juice which runs from the
grapes without pressing. Mulsum
was a mixture of wine and honey.
Sapa was mustum boiled to a third.
Dcfretum was the same reduced to
In piesencc of such a selection of
good wines is it probable that Paul
would have recommended fermented
wine which Pliny, Philo, and Colum
ella wrote that they produced "head
aches, dropsy, madness, and stomach
I have said more than enough to
prove that the position assumed by
your correspondent on behalf of
intoxicating wine (still the least
injurious of all intoxicating liquids)
is wholly untenable and linils no
support in Scripture, in history, or
in scientific deduction.
(To be continued.)
A COACHMAN with a good rccom
mcndiitiou. Apply to
J. T. WATER-HOUSE, Queen St.
iLYMOUTH Rock Chickens and Po.
land-China Pics. Enquire at this
olllce, or John Robelln, Kapalama.
REGULAR meeting of Excelsior
Lodge, 1. O. O. F THIS EVEN
ING, at 7:!10 o'clock. Business of lm.
pmtancc, Full attendance requested,
O Luso Hawaiiano.
ALL persons who want to communi
cuto with tho Foitugucsc, either
for business, or for procuring workmen,
servants or any other helps, will find it
tho most profitable) way to advertise in
the Luso Ilawaiiano, the now organ of
tho Porltiuuese colony, which is pub.
lishcd on Merchant street, Gazette Build,
ing. (I'ost-OfUcc Letter Box E.), and
only charges icasoiiablo ltitcs for adver.
Election oi" Oflicors, Hala
"wa Sugar Company.
AT tho annual meeting of tho Stock,
holders of tho Hnhuva Sugar Co.,
held August 17th, IBS', tho following
olllccis were chosen for tho current year:
Mr. John II. Paly President
" P.O. Jones Treasurer
" J. O. Carter Secretary
" G.J. Boss Auditor
Messrs. Thos. B. Foster and James A.
Hopper, Directors. .1. O. CAHTEB,
Secretary Halnwn Sugar Co.
Honolulu,, August 17, 1885. 100 lm
rpilltEE beamstrcsbes to do general
JL sowing, also one girl to wait on
rooms. Apply at
100 lw B. P. EIILEKB & 00.
Fryer's Bijou Circus.
Reduction Roductlon 1
to suit tho times.
Gntii'c Cluuigc of Programme
Our last week in tfao oily before leaving
for the Australian Colonics.
t-BTTlie management beg to nuuoiiucc
that each nnd ecry performance given
throughout the remainder of this week
will be at the following Pi Ices nf Ad.
Ocncrnl AiliiiifiMon : : no Cents
Children i : : : as "
Jtccrvcd Chnlrs, tcxtrn) : !4fi "
Matinee Pcrfotmancrs on WEDNES
DAY and SATURDAY.
JQV- Tickets now for nlo til .1. E.
WISEMAN'S olllce, Merchant sttcct.
UPKKMM COURT of the Ha.
O walian Islands. In tho matter of
the Bankruptcy of GOO HOY.
Goo Hoy doing business In Kohnln,
Island nf'Hnwiiii, having- this day been
adjudicated bankrupt, on the petition nf
11. uncKtciti &. to., it is nercuy oruerea
that all creditors of paid bunkiiipt come
in and prove their claims before me, at
my Chambers, in Honolulu, on
Wcdnemluy, Sl 2, 1885,
At 10 o'clock a. m.
And it ia fmtlicr oidered that upon
said day the creditors do proceed to bold
the ELECTION of an assignee or as
signccs of said bankrupt estate, and that
notice licreol ho published in the Haw.
ailan Gazette once previous to said da1
and in the Daily Bui.i.ktin until
Dated Honolulu, August 17, 1S?5.
Attest: Justice Supi erne Court.
IlKxitv 1". Poon, and Deputy Clerk.
SPECIAL SALE !
Flour, Potatoes, Beans
I will oiler at Public Auction, on
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 19,
At 11 a.m., at Salesioom,
200 Quaiter Sacks Planet Mill Flour;
400 " " Bay Shore Mills Flour
20 Boxes Potatoes;
02 Bags Horse Beans.
100 2t 13. P. ADAMS, Anct'r.
A YOUNG gentleman
Francisco, wants :
lately from San
a situation in a
stoie or office. Address
100 3t GEO. DEKING, Post-Oulcc.
Japanese Goods !
Will be on view in the rooms above
Messi's. Wm. G. lrwiii tSCo.'s
On Ioi-t Street,
ON AND AVTIUl
Weflnesday, Aopst 12tl,
CO.NSIBTINa IN 1'AIIT 01'
Japanese Cnrios !
Elegant Tea Sets,
ETC., ETC., ETC.
All of which articles will be sold at
reasonable prices. Terms Cash-
Nos. 61, 63 and
We wish to announce the artival of our new Bummer Stock in our
mxxjljliv ery JLJUl:J.,rJ;3wc9lrx,,
which is the most complete in this city.
SCS Feathers Cleaned and Curted.!
Native Straw Sewed in all the Styles of Hats.
500 pieces of Dress Lawns at very Iow Prices.
New designs in Dress Goods, Satins t Buntings.
Ladies' Wrappers and Children's Dresses
in large varieties. A large invoice of Laces and Embroideries.
Ladies', Misses', Children's and Infants' Hosiery
in the latest styles.
BOYS' WAISTS ! BOYS' WAISTS !
Youths', Hoys' and Children's Clothing a specialty.
fiSTNEW GOODS IN EVERY DEPARTMENT. -a
JC" Call and be Convinced, -a
S. COIIN & COMPANY.
Pacific Hardware Company
SUCCESSORS TO DILLINGHAM & CO. AND SAM'L N0TT.
IMPOBTERS AND DEALERS IN
Hradware, Agricultural Implements, House FurniBhiug
Goods, and General Merchandise
Just received Eddy's Befrigciators and Ice Chests, new styles of Chandeliers
and Library Lamps, Stoves and Ranges, Kerosene Oil Stoves.
jggr ita-irbajVics' and iiowje's scvmiis.-tBa
All of which arc olTcrcd upon favorable terms.
PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY.
ITT, 1. 8 Miiai Street
Granite, Iron and Tin Ware !
Chandeliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER HOSE,
House Keeping Goods,
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN,
The Only Recognized General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands
ESTABLISHED 1 870.
Offices in Campbell's Eire-proof Buildintr, 27 Merchant St, Honolulu, H. I
f. O. Itox :HB : i : : '.Folopliono 17S, . ..
REAL ESTATE AGENT Buys nnd sells Real Estate In all parts of the King
dom. Rents Ofllces, Houses, Cottagt'3 and Rooms.
SOLICITING AGENT FOIUVILDER'S INTER-ISLAND STEAMERS-Tour
istsand the Traveling Public will apply to mo forTickets mill Information to
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEW
"iOUIC Tho Largest, Grandest and Soundest Institution of its kind in the
AGENT FOR THE GREAT BURLINGTON RAILWAY HOUTE IN AMERICA
This ltoutu excels nil other routes going East, the tcenery being the grandest,
the miinls the choicest nnd tho Palace and Dining Cars the handsomest and mott
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Finds Employment
ous urnncuos oi imiusiry on mo lsianus.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CUT
The best known Company in the Islands.
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKER Enters Goods at Custom House, pays and discharges
Freight and Duty Bills under power of Attornoy.
MONEY BROKER Loans Money at all times on flrst-clao securitly.
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENT Legal Pnpors of every description drawn. Bills
Distributed and Collected. Books and Accounts kept and adjusted. Records
Searched. Rents Collected. Tuxes and Insuinnco on Properly looked after.
Copying and Engrossing done. Advertisements, Newspaper Articles, Corres
pondence and Commercial Business of every nature piomptlyaud acrurately
AGENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL AT HONOLULU-Companies abroad
will correspond with mo for tonus, etc. Orders for Island Shells, Curios Lava
Specimens, Native Views and Photos carefully iillcd and forwuided to all parts
of tho World.
EST Information appeitaining to the Islands given and all correspondence faith,
JOSEPH K. WISEMAN,
878 General Business Agent, Honolulu Hawaiian Islands.
65 Fort Street,
TIN, COPPER AND
fond! seeking work In the vari-
OF LONDON FIRE