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BT3H0P li Co., BA2TKEBS
rirtnU fifCnlU'ornln, H. !'.
Aft1 'h'.f t?ftu if)
,N' Y03. B070f), HONfi XONfi.
Met. ?f . M. JMfflMehlM &3m, IsmAm.
rtw OmmmmIaI Ittnfc Co.. ftf Sydney,
IV OowmierelAl IkftX Co., of 9ydfty,
Tle ! of ;fr 7,-AlsmP AwsfctaM,
Crffttinrfth, ftftfl Wellington.
TlM T(n Of fSrltUh OolnrnWft, Vic
toria, I! C. mkI F'wtlanrJ, Or.
TrJWtV.t Oftfif-ral ItonVIng Jlfrtinow.
"She SJnitjj guUciuu
Rit MUMIh4 fir thi Vwltt 6f ill.
WBONKShAY. AHJ. lit, HH!,.
THIS EVENMC8 DOIHCB,
Kryer'n Clrcni, nt 7s.'!0.
Yoiernile Skating Kink 7.
Onhu Lodge, No. I K. of I. 7:!!f).
One of the rf'iuiiil.f'M to Honolulu
becoming n rwfropolit, with modern
convenience iti hecpine, willi iln
great natural ntlrnutioim, in indi
cated in tlieic column Ihc oilier
day, Is Rapid Tniimil,. Thin in n
oil.y of iwigiilfleenl ilihtriiircs. Al
though iti nrcii i mil no exlinotdiii
lirlly largo foi Ihe population, ytil
I Ik; huLtui-olf cIuhmci luniduon tooiiiy
plol.'i inn) at coimidemble linl hiicch
from biiHinctn ceiilifw. A lot in
mich a oily iw Ne' Yoik (ho si.o of
mi nvoingf IIoiioIiiIii linmcHluiitl
would ho v.oi Ih in i II ioiiH of dollars
to iti potscmor. Wlml makes (he
area of IIiIh eily appear not ho very
large, in coinpiu mun with the popu
lulion, in Ihe fuel of nimiy (IioiihiiiuIh
of (Jhinesu, mid Ihu pooler olii'ist-H
of all iialiouidilien, being de.nuely
packed in and ahoiil tlio luiHinewi
oontie. People aide lo keep Iioihch,
pcihap'i, tlo not Ht'iioimly feel 1 1 its
need of e.oninion facilities for gel
ling liiick anil foilh cheaply and
(Illicitly. Kven inodeialely weallhy
eoph), however, liud il no lighl
Inn dun lo maintain can Inge accoui
modalion between Ihe city and sub
uibi. 'To IhoMti having families
Ihe expcime. of wilding children lo
iiohool aloiiu in a la. hy no menus
slight. People who eaniiol afford
(lit! expiindiliiii! for eilher or both of
I hose puiposcH iiiusl fain put up
with (piaileri within easy leach, on
fool, ol Hie business poiliou and Ihe
muIiooIm. Land for building biles
that would Hiiil them in beyond
tlioir ineiuiH of pin chase. 'I'Iicm1
facts pitncul many frmrnl wngti
onitieis fioin tibtaiuing homes tif
I heir own, either in in ban or sub
uiban localities. Anything which
would emible lhal class to attain
iiueli a aiipi finely desiinblo object is
worlhv of Ihe most earnest consider
ation of everybody who has the ad
vancement and wclfaie of Honolulu
and the Kingdom nt heat I. Scarcely
unythiiig could he conceived as lend
ing muit) to ictain it ',i)od class of
young men in I lie country, (ban
having il placed within the. power of
lluifty poiHoiis of uiodciale income
to obtain Iioiiich in their own right.
A lively discussion, and tine from
which f i iiIIh art) appearing in view,
hint for Home time been conducted
In Ilia piosH, upon the all-imporlaul
Hubet!l of agiicultuiid lioniCHtcatl
Htitllemeiil. The iniostiou herein
lefcried to, of homes for jieople
wIioho occupations me found in the
town, la of no leas inipoitance than
that of Ihci hutllenienl of a farming
population. As nicuna loi promol
Ing IIiIh grout, ulijeol, wo are con
vinced, Iho provision of faoililio for
Irauslt fioin tiontor to tiircumfeiout'o
of tlio oily is out) of Iho llrM uecos
HilicM, Honolulu will never lie a
uictrnpollH lhal will hoar favorable
t'oiupariNOit with other modem cities,
until II will bo equipped with a
iiyslom of street oars, on its main
thoroughfares, upon viinie approved
method liorso, cable or Monin
dummy. ni rutorpiiMiig eitions
should wakn up to tlio tcalizatiouof
what a sorious wnnt tlio city is o.v
peiioiiciug in this particular. If
Iheie it) local capital Htilllcicnl to
provide the desideratum, it should
bo biought immediately Into service.
If the woilc must bo done in whole
or pail by foreign capital, then
moans for obtaining it should bo
adopted at once. Legislation was
provided for the onlerpiio at tlio
lilt jeiulat; 'A the A,embry. hot
rmlftM operation t fceqin before the
twftnf.y-nlnth of thii month the
r.brter thn kxmv.. There do
not m t he any profct that
thin orjtirfitim of ttrne will he ob
MTved. Tht cnnc)ttiifm will then
be inevitable, that, in spite Of jiro
ttwtfttioTii Ut th contrary made by
the Attorney-Oenerftl antl others in
Ihf f.ftgilatnrf, the franohhc wai
only obtAincrl for speculative ptir
rxjse!. F-ziitinj; leglilation being,
therefore, nlrnost cf-rtaln to proro
abortive, it rernnint only to public
Rpiritcd dtizens to form n definite
and brum .fi'lr. plan in anticipation
of Ihe next session, I.cL a com
pany be organized In good faith and
hare everything ready to begin
operations immediately upon the oh
Uiinini; of u new charter. Wo belitue
no stock would be more readily
taken in Honolulu than the shines
of nut i eel railway company. With
propel ly authorized lepresenlalioiiH
in foreign money umrkott, loo,
there ought to be no dillluully in
obtaining capital there.
VIEWING THE RANCHES.
liilitorinl ('orrcnmiufcnn: of Ihc
Wi.iini-.moav, Aug. liilh.
This wiih I hti Hticond tlay'n lidliig
over Ihe llonoiiliuli liaiiuh, and a
nioie exclling and loinnnlio excur
sion could hardly have been made.
'I'liti Marl, was matin, as bcToio, fioin
the ranch bouse, and lay over a part
of the wltlo Hat traversctl yesleithiy,
and which, as befoie slated is well
eoveietl with (hu ilinia, indigo and
other shiiiblasiy much lelishetl by
calllc. The slu ubbery, I ouullcd lo
mention ycslenlay, is lichly supplc
iiieuled by an undeigrowth of nianie
nie glass. The route litis morning
is Iti Iho mountains. The climbing
begins' Looking forwnul and up
wanl at an angle of about -lOtlogioes
lo u height of some ()() feet, Ihu llrst
peak lo be scaled is in full view.
The piospecl is uol comfoi table
one lo the ranch horses. They face
the acclivity, however, with com
mendable equine determination,
pawing their way with sure-footed
caio up tlio slope, through heavy
grasses growing kneo-high. The
whole hlope is heavily coated with
niaiiionio and native grasses, and
some Spanish clover, and is well
dotted over with tioes, chiefly the
kukui. After leaching the lop of
the llrst peak, the trail winds down,
eoikscrew fashion, through heavy
veidure anil under the umbrageous
shades of largo wide spreading trees
into a tleep ravine, out of which
there is another corkscrew trail up
on lo the ne.l peak ami l caching a
lilllo fin tlier inlo the clouds, l'ails
of the trail jii3t. gone over inns along
the margins of immense gulches into
which the rider looks down over
proeopitotis descents of some nine
or leu bundled feel through the
dense foliage of trees that have
somehow got. looted in the sides
nf (he declivities, ho thai Ihey
suggest the idea of an aerial vege
tation. Tlio prospect up these moun
tain sides and through those ravines,
is grandly picturesque. Those ex
hibitions of mountain scenery grow
upon tho view. The llrst hour
among them extorts expressions of
wonder and admiration. Passing
on, their majestic grandeur repeats
itself in over increasing vaiiety.
Tho faithful horses climb almost
perpendicular ascents over the rug
ged natural stairways, and again de
scend similar hard places, witli
equal caie mid safety, ".lorry"
piovod himself an able ami loliable
clood. "Sooner," by tho way, hud
brcu discarded, as ilolleienl in in
tellect and understanding, and unlit
for the service of the lli'i.i.r.nx.
Hut 'Merry" is an intelligent big
bay, wanting neither whip nor spur,
but always knowing just where to
go, anil regulating his paces with
infallible corieotuoss, whether on
the slow nun oh over rough and
rugged ways, or on a streaking
gallop over pieces of smoother road
way. .Midday llnils tlio whole party
on tlio highest point, but one, of the
Waiauao. The scene at this point
is grand. It is magnificent. It is
stupendous. Wo stand here on the
rim of an immense basin scooped
out of tho mountain, with tho sea
ward side biokon out. This vast
entity is about a quarter of a mile
wiih with almost perpendicular
walls a thousand feet high, Hoyond
the basin uoithwaid, tho mountains
shoot up skyward in collossal Uol.ilcd
cones. Spieading out in tho spacious
concave of the western horir.on, are
tlio deep blue waters of the great
Pnoillo Ocean, the "boundlens, vast,
illiimtablo waste of waters.
Nacana Pali, with all iti grandeur.
Ii aarpaued by this exhibition of
nature's wonders in the Waianae.
All thr.jc monntain elevation), with
their deep broad gulches are valna- (
ble, from the utilitarian standpoint i
a.? they are from the romantic and i
sentimental. Herds of splendid j
cattle are seen feeding on the slopes ,
and in the valleys. The cavatcade '
movent on down the seaward side of
the mountain, in view of thousand? j
of acres of flat land lying along the ,
seashore. These seaward pad clocks ,
are pointed out as the territories
that will be in order for the explora
tions of to-morrow. The homeward
trail leads over large areas of rough
land, heavily sprinkled here and
there with small rolling stones,
almost invisible in the thick grast,
and big boulders around which, the
graziers say, the choicest bites of
cattle feci are found. After get
ting tlown the mountain, a detour
is made Into a large paddock on
the immense area of Hat land refer
red to above. Here is seen a big
drove of the finest cattle, gathered
round a large reservoir of water n.
hoi I. of fresh water lake. Around
this water, there lies an immense
plain, already referred lo, of about
10,000 acres. The soil is of the
best, quality on Ihe island. With
irrigation, every acre of these lands
might be made available for rice,
sugar, gnq ic. or banana plantations;
and what is now but, a grand wilder
ness of sin ubs antl grasses, sup
porting herds of call Its, might be
made to bud antl blossom with the
rich products of the tropics, yielding
sustenance to hundreds of families,
together with all the Hocks and herds
Ihey might require. At half-past
one, the parly is again enjoying the
hospitalities of Ihe ranch house,
whore the tlay'n excursion, and tlio
dinner too, are unanimously voted
THE ISSUING OF LIQUOR LICENSES ON
THE OTHER ISLANDS.
av 0. m. I'ltowi.r.v.
In the ninth line of Ihc first
paragraph of Mr. Crowley's letter
yesterday, the woitl "fermented"
should be read "unfeimenled."
The world is indebted to Pasteur,
ami in a minor degree to Tyndnll,
for all lhal can be claimed as scien
tific teaching, of the causes and
phenomena of fermentation in wine.
We, now know thai at the time of
the vintage microscopic particles,
having all the appearance of organ
ized cells, are seen adhering both to
the outer surface of the grape, and
to the wigs which support the
grape. These particles swept from
the grape into pure water rentiers it
turbid, as if from dust, hot them
be brushed into the pure ineit juice
of tho grape antl this parasite
(named torn la") will soon be observ
ed budding and sprouting, its growth
being accompanied with all the other
signs of active fermentation. "Prof.
Tyntlall says: "hi reference then
to the life of the wine vat, what is
the decision of experiment when
carried out hy competent men ? Let
a. quantity of the clear filtered
'must' of the grape be so boiled its
to destroy such germs as it may
have contracted from the air or
otherwise. In contact l gormless
air the iincontaminnted 'must' never
ferments." Further, Tyndall:
ilNor need you resort to a boiled
Ihjuul. The grape is scaled from
contamination froinwilliout." Pas
teur has extracted from the interior
of the grape its pure juice and
proved that in contact with pure air
it never acquires the power lo fer
ment itself, nor to produce fermen
tation in other liquids."
The ancients employed various
methods for preserving wine free
from fermentation ; one was by
boiling until a considerable portion
of tlie Iluid had evaporated. Ac
cording to Pliny and Virgil, the
Uoinans preserved wine in this way.
Pliny mentions wine which had been
preserved antl was perfectly sweet,
and of the consistency of honey,
though two centuries old.
Aristotle states that "the wine of
Arcadia was so thick that it wus
necessary lo scrape it from the skin
bottles in which it was contained,
and lo dissolve the scrapings in
"Tlio Mishna (a collection of
ancient Jewish writings hold in the
highest esteem by the Jews) states
that the Jews wore in tlio habit of
using boiled wine." Kitto.
Filtration was another method.
Hy removing the albumen and .other
impurities which promoted the tie
composition of (lie Migar, fermenta
tion was retardetl or arrested. Af
ter repeated filterings the clear juice
was placed in casks or bottles which
were carefully sealed and kept in a
cool place buried in the earth, or
Mibinergedn filter. Again, by sub
sidence, when, after being kept in a
cool place, the ingredients settled to
the bottom ami were bottled as after
II V fumigation. The ancients were
familiar with the powerful'antiseptio
properties of sulphur, and by sub
jecting the juice of the grape to its
fiiniix preserved it from fermenta
tion. 1 conclude by contrnstini; the
two wines i
A rmb-il of trruh
" Wln li motto
' Looi no thoti itrtfm
Mie i-ino -vhsn ft f
str-in sr drink lrasr
' Ifilon of 'Irnffnn "
"fruel venom of
l!ltth lllc" ft."rpnnt
nnl tlnvrth tiler- an
Contain no ulenhol
Prodnepa nj n.itnr4
rmbol nt blln(
"CBMTh Ool nl
" U! a Mul win for
" Wop unto him that
And hp took tli r.np,
and ifp thAnkn,
itnd nn It to them
aylnff. Drink tc fill
drink, thin ptitoit
tny notiir' to mm.
A word as to the "strongest men"
and the strongest nations of "the
past" and "present" using intoxi
cants. The most famous of the
world's physical and moral giants
The Iraelites during their sojourn
in Kgypt were undoubtedly abstain
ers from necessity if not from
choice, since their masters nt that
time made no use of any fermented
liquor. During their journey through
the wilderness they were from neces
sity abstainers, their only drink be
ing pure water from the rock. To
this fact I1119 been attributed the
hardihood, fortitude antl biavery,
which bail enabled them lo sweep
out with rapidity the natives of
Palestine, who bail enervated them
selves wilh intemperance ami de
bauchery, though protected by
strong walls and fortresses.
Almost "from the earliest time of
which we have any record" nations
and bands of men practised and in
culcated total abstinence from wine.
The Hebrew Nay.ariles wcie an order
of teetotalers instituted at the estab
lishment of the ceremonial law. Jn
older lo be thorowih, they abstained
f i rim all wine. Many of the lbble
heroes, Daniel and others, were
members of this order. Samson, the
Hebrew Hercules, was a teetotaler
from bis birth. lie was a Nazaritc
and a fair illustration of the incom
patibility of alcohol with strength.
Milo, the famous Greek, who rivalled
Samson, was also a total nbstaincr.
The Kcchabilcs were a sort of
family temperance society. They
abstained from wine because com
manded lo do so by their father,
and the Lord commended them for
their fidelity lo that principle and
promised llicm perpetual existence.
They still exist in the land of their
fathers, and cherishing the tradition
of their ancestors Jlcchab and Jeho
nidab, they plant no vineyard, and
dwell in tents. Almost unarmed,
they face the iion hail of an English
army, and have satisfied General
"Wolsclcy that centuries of abstinence
from enervating wine have produced
a race of splendid men, even in the
desert. Pythagoras, one of the most
renowned of ancient philosophers,
advocated total abstinence. Neither
himself nor his followers used wine.
Wine was prohibited to those train
ing for the national games; the
Gieck athlete knew what it did.
There are those whom your corre
spondent may be said to represent,
who argue that, in some inscrutable
manner, alcohol has been the feed
ing mother of great nations: that
it lias bred antl stimulated race ten
acities and vitalities, and been botli
a herald and conqueror on the side
of civilization. Those who preach
such a doctrine must prove it, for
there arc no facts in history upon
which to base any such conclusion.
Who can say what any mighty tuition
would have bcon to-day if wine
had never been? By what evi
dence can the destinies of nations,
in favor of a good destiny, be traced
through wine or strong drink v "We
can see some facts in history in re
lation to the effects of human acts
plain ciioukIi. We can sec, for in
stance, thai Constantino most pro
bably destroyed the lioman Empire
by moving tiic seat of government
from its old basis lo n new city that
should be marked by his name. But
where, shall we find any correspond
ing fact bearing on gieat events,
antl making of nations, wine being
tlio factor? The one lesson history
leaches in relation to the matter is
that wine acts upon nations as it
tloes upon tho great mass of the
nations' individuals who use it, nnd
it is a lesson that he who runs may
rend. Nations the mightiest have
risen while they were abstaining
nations; Imvo fallen when wino be
came their luxury. Herodotus
gives us the record of the all-powerful
Cyrus receiving from a small
Ethiopian prince a bow with thi3
message: "Tell Cyrus that when he
can bend this bow, winch is wine,
or Ibid a Persian to tlo it, he may
- - "' " 1 " - -
i ......... .....i ,wv....n.. ir,...L!., f ...1
robians, who were the finest of men,
bo that they stood a head above the
l'ersians, and were a truly noble
race, were distinguished from the
l'ersians in that they drank no fluid
i stronger than milk, while the l'er
I shins revelled in wine. One other
! fact as to the hypothesis of alcohol
as the nursing mother of great na
' tion.". Through all tribulations,
through terrible vicissitudes and
barbarous pel seditions, what nation
! has maintained its vitality like the
' .lowit.li nation? Has alcohol been to
i this people a nursing-mother?
Baron Haller, dealing with this to
' pic in the last century, gave the
j secret of the cause of this vitality
' all ja ouc ycouiSobrttas,
Nos. 61. 63 and 65 Fort Street,
Viz wish to announce the arrival of our new Summer itouk In our
IrXXXL, JIV EHY JL I3JP A.J:.rJriMCIST,
which is the most complete in this city.
53 Feathers Cleaned and Curled'aSSI
Native Straw Sewed In all tlio Styles of Hats,
. rUSTX1 TWECTI SI "V JS'O
500 pieces of Dress Lawns at very Low Pi ices.
New designs in Dress Goods, Satins & Huntings.
Ladies' Wrappers and Children's Dresses
in large varieties. A large invoice of Laces and Embroideries.
Ladies', Misses', Chiltlien's and Infants' Hosiery
in the latest styles.
BOYS' WAISTS ! BOYS' WAISTS !
Youthh', Boys' antl Children's Clothing a specialty.
B67-NEW GOODS IN EVERY DEPARTMENT. -a
SSy Call and "be Convinced, "'a
S. COHN & COMPANY.
o raaraware uompanv
SUCCESSOES TO DILLINGHAM & CO. AND SAM'L N0TT.
IMPOKTEHS AND DEALERS IN
Hradware, Agricultural Implements, House Furnishing
Goods, and General Merchandise
Just received Eddy's Refrigerators and Ice Chest1), new styles of Chnudaliera
iiad Library Lamps, Stoves and Ranges, Kerosene Oil Stoves.
t-FAIRBANKS' JSJSJ) IIOWJE'S SCA.1L.JES. -J
All of which arc olTcrctl upon favorable terms.
PACIFIC IIARDWARE COMPANY.
ITT, lo. 8 Mmm Street
Granite, Iron and Tin Ware !
Chandeliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER HOSE,
House Keeping Goods,
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN,
The Only Recognized General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands
lUSXVUrjISIIED 1 870.
Offices in Campbell's Eire-proof Buildiner, 27 Merchant St., Honolulu, H, I
1. O. Iloxllin : : : i 'X'ulopliono 17S. , ,
HEAL ESTATE AGENT Buys and sells Real Estate in all parts of the King
tltiui. Rents Olllcc'), Houses, Cottages and Rooms.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR AVILDKR'S INTER-ISLAND Sl'EAMERS Tour
ists mill the Traveling Public will apply to me for Tickets and Information to
SOLICITING AGENT TOR THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OP NEW
UK The Largest, Grandest anil Soundest IiiMltution of its kind in the
AGENT FOR THE GREAT HURL1NGTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN AMERICA
Tills Route c.cels all other routes goinij Eust, tlio eccnery being the grumlet,
the nieiils the choicest mid the l'alacu and Dining Cms the liiuulsnmcst and most
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Finds Employment
ous lirauohes of industry on the Islands.
SOLIC1TING AGENT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON FIRE INSURANCE CO.
Tlio best known Company in the Islands.
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKER Enters Goods at Custom House, pays and ilifichnrgeg
Freight mid Duty Hills under power of Attorney.
MONEY BROKER Loans Money at nil times on ilrst-class sccuritly.
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENT Legal Papers of every description drawn. Bills
Distributed and Collected. Books and Accounts kept and adjusted. Records
Searched. Rents Collected. Tuxes mid Insuiaace on Properly looked after.
Copying and Engrossing done. Advertisements, Newspaper Article., Corres
pondence mid Commercial Business of every nature promptly and acturately
AGENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL AT HONOLULU Companies abroad
will correspond withmu for terms, etc. Older.-for Island Shells, Curios Lava
Specimens, Native Views and Photos carefully filled and forwarded to nil parts
ol the World.
tS?" Information appertaining to the islands given and all correspondence faith,
JOSEPH E. WISEUAX,
673 General Business Agent, Honolulu Hawaiian Islands.
TIN, COPPER AND
for allocking work in the varl-