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BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islnnds.
Draw Kvehangc on Ihb
BnnU (!' California, S. IT.
And their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. X. M. Rothschild &Son, London.
The Commercial Bank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Hank (Jo., of Svdnev,
The Hank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Ohristchurch, and Wellington.
Tho Hank of British Columbia, Vic
torla, 13. C. and Portland, Or.
Transact u General Hanking Busmen.
Plcdgod to neither Sect nor Tarty.
Bat established for tho boncfit of nil.
THURSDAY, AUG. 20, 1885.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Fryer's Circus, at 7:ti0.
Yosemitc Skating Kirk 7.
Mystic Lodge, K. of P., 7:30.
Mr. Jaeger has kindly furnished
us with the following extract from
the British Trade Journal:
A long resolution published in the
last number of the Calcutta Ga
zette announces the formation of an
Agricultural Department for Bengal.
The duties of this department will
be classed under two main heads
those of agricultural research and of
'agricultural improvement. It will
advise the Lieutenant-Governor in
all matters relating to agriculture
and statistics; and will supervise
tho experimental Field Survey, under
the provisions of tho new Tenancy
Act, which is to be instituted in tho
district of Moznffcrpore. Its duties
under the head of "agricultural im
provement" arc very elaborately
laid down ; and the co-operation of
established societies is invited. It
is also suggested that the Director
of Agriculture should form commit
tees in the various districts, through
whose help the improvements may
There appears to have been a,
birth of interest in all tropical coun
tries upon the subject of scientific
' agriculture adapted to their climates
and soils. It would seem there is
no agricultural science extant, pos
sessing any degree of completeness,
for the guidance ot adventurers in
farming operations in these coun
tries. "While for temperate climes
agriculture has been reduced to a
science so exact as to make results
of given operations calculable almost
to a unit, agricultural enterprise in
the tropics has as yet not got be
yond the stage of experimentation,
except in the case of a few indige
nous products. A reason for this
condition of things may be found in
the fact that until recently the agri
culture of the older tropical coun
tries has been conducted by the
primitive races inhabiting those re
gions. Consequently it conforms
to the other simple traditionary ways
of those people. A limited number
., of sure productions sufficed for a
bare subsistence for them, as for
their fathers in generations innumer
able. The crudest tillage of the
soil, inherited from the remotest
antiquity, has been deemed good
enough for them. Civilization is,
however, in this age extending its
transforming influence into every
corner of the earth. Peoples who
do not accept its sway arc liable to
go down beneath the relentless tread
of modern progress. Many of them
perceive the reality of the situation,
and are giving practical assent to
the inevitable trend of human affairs.
Thus we hear of diplomatic con
troversy between America and Tur
key antipodean nations in respect
of enlightenment and liberty re
garding the tariff on American-made
modern agricultural machinery, for
which a largo demand has sprung up
) ,in the far East. Those countries
might have gone in the old way for
ever had not the pioneers of West
ern civilization intruded upon their
domains, bringing the breezy in
fluences of progress with them. It
is the Western civilizers that have
created tho demand for a science of
agriculture adapted to tropical re
gions. Pushing their way into
every part of "the world, their rest
less enterprise, finding nothing more
promising of profit, has settled upon
' agriculture as its sphere of mani
festation. Culture of tropical vege
tation is, however, soon discovered
, ..to be much different from that of
'"the products of temperate climes.
There is nothing in the standard
books that will guldo tho adventurer
to success. The scienco of tropical
agriculture must be sought in ex
perimentation and over a world
circling range of past experience.
It is tho preservation of the results
of the former, and tho collection of
tho fruits of the latter, into common
reservoirs of information, which con
stitute the need of the hour felt in
all tropical countries. Tho estab
lishment of an Agricultural Depart
ment in Bengal is one of the lnlcst
exhibitions of tropical countries aris
ing from their torpor in agricultural
matters. By the enterprise of the
Anglo-Saxon, India has discovered
that she may become one of tho
foremost wheat raising countries of
the world. Already tho world's
wheat markets feel her influence to
be strong. The country that has
eaten largely of the bread of charity,
from incapacity to produce enough
to feed herself, suddenly comes for
ward and extends the staff of life
to the world. This is a striking
illustration of what enlightened en
terprise can do to supplement the
bounty of Nature, even where she
has been supposed to be so generous
as to leave no scope for human in
dustry except to gather of her
abundance, or so stingy that where
she held out no handful of
corn or bunches of wild grapes
there was no use in coaxing her
kindness. Coming home to Hawaii,
is it not manifest to every observer
that there is no accepted science of
agriculture here. Take our chief
product, sugar, and the fact is be
yond question that its culture has
been heretofore largely conducted
upon experimental lines. Of course
there has been the experience of
American plantations to go upon,
but the letters of Dr. Smith from
New Oilcans in the Planters'
Monthly show that our planters can
give lessons to their tutors. Our
experience has, in short, got ahead
of theirs, it is not necessary to dis
cuss by what influences. Even the
past year has yielded great advances
toward the goal of scientific sugar
production. That product may
probably be left to those interested
in it here, to have its cultivation
advanced to the front rank of all
modern science. There is no body
of industrial factors so full' alive
to the necessity of scientific methods
as our planters. It is lime the
whole nation exhibited like vitality
with respect to general agriculture.
Many people arc turning their atten
tion to the soil, but the cultivation
of even the surest products is con
ducted, in most cases, according to
blind, Imp-hazard methods. Before
much can result from the agitation
in behalf of diversified products,
there must be combination of all the
people who take an interest in the
matter, for the purpose of methodi
cally conserving the results of past
experience, conducting further ex
perimentation, and propagating the
sum of all the knowledge thus avail
able, thoroughly and systematically,
through the existing channels of
public intelligence, and otherwise if
deemed expedient and practicable.
THE ISSUING OF LIQUOR LICENSES ON
THE OTHER ISLANDS.
11V D. M. CKOWX.EY.
One of the stock arguments of
the liquor dealer is liberty, the right
of men to do as they please in the
words of your correspondent,
"Every man has certain rights, one
of which is that now under discus
sion, of which no majority bo it
ever so great can properly or law
fully deprive him." "They (tem
perance men) arc in opposition to
customs of remotest antiquity."
' 'They have no respect for the rights
of individuals." I don't sec what
antiquity ought to have to do with
the consideration of this or any
question. Error, or vice, is nono
the more respectable for being
hoary-headed. We don't want the
doings of Torqucmada repeated
merely because they received legal
sanction in bygone years. But, as
I have before shown that prohibition
had quite a respectable standing and
patronage in "remote antiquity," I
pass on to tho "respect for the
rights of individuals,"
That distinguished and thoughtful
philosopher, Mr. Tony "Weller,
speaking to his son on a very im
portant subject, said, "There are
vhcels vitliin vheels, Samivcl."
That is true, and there arc liberties
within liberties ; and that which we
contend for in respect to liberty is
this, that wc are contending against
a liberty which iaof human creation,
and for a liberty which Is eternal.
Tho writer somewhat mixes up tho
issue ; that is, the individual right
to uso is joined with the right to
legalize, aud conduct tho drink
traffic as nt present: two distinct
things which, if kept apart, would
havo saved him much confusion of
ideas, and consequent loss of right
The right of a man to drink
champagne or beer in his own house
no one dispute; prohibition does
not touch that right. But whore in
law or equity can a man obtain the
right to open, because he owns a
lot, a pitfall for his fellow-men? X
don't care what is sold if it is an
open door by which, through tho
voice of seductive allurement, or
any other attraction, the paBscr-by
is misled to enter and something is
sold to him which increases my taxes
nnd causes him to be dangerous. I
have a right to protest agaiiiBt that
business. If that business makes it
more dangerous for my wife or child
or friend to tread the streets, I have
a right to say whether that door shall
bo open or closed. The real ques
tion is, not what a man may eat or
drink, nor how the vintage was
operated 2,000 years ago, but, has
any grogsellcr a right, or has any
legislative body tho right, to confer
the power to filch from my pocket
to carry on a business based upon
the lowest instincts in human nature ;
a business of which no one has ever
spoken except apologetically; the
one business which has demoraliz
ation for its basis and which lives
and thrives only upon vice ? I quote
the compulsory admission of your
correspondent in order that he may
again read his own indictment of the
traffic of which he advocates the
extension. O consistency, thou art
a jewel! A man becomes "criminal
as regards ones self and family.
The unfortunate addicted to drunk
enness of course neglects his busi
ness, and is on the high road to
ruin. His character and credit
suffer and eventually unless be
abandon his foolish course of pro
fligacy and sottishncss, failure and
destitution must be the lot of him
self and all dependent en him, with
scarcely any hope of recovery, for
drunkenness long indulged in be
comes at last a terrible disease
tyrannizing with almost absolute
and invisible malevolence over its
unfortunate victim." Unfortunately,
the "malevolence" is only too visi
ble, in its effects at least: desolate
homes, broken-hearted wives, neg
lected children, ruined reputations,
and physical wreck. "We plead for
liberty for those who arc bound in
this galling slavery to degrading
appetite, and who have voluntarily
sold themselves for a base gratifica
tion, may of whom will wear their
chains to the grave I
The total abstinence movement
touches no man's freedom. We
may say in the words which Sheridan
Knowles has put into the mouth of
his hero, Tell: we would have every
"Free as the torrents arc which leap our
And plough our valleys without asking
Or as our peaks which wear their caps
Ju very presence of the regal sun."
But this freedom, this liberty,
must not be a created libertj'. It
must bo so pure, so natural, that the
very spirits of the just made perfect
might declare of it, "It is eternal,
it is justified, it is sanctified." The
extension of licenses is justified
on the ground that it would put an
end to illicit distilling, and referring
to Honolulu the writer snys, "As
the sale was legalized the surrepti
tious manufacture and sale were
abandoned." Is the writer not
aware that bo late as about a month
ago a still in working order was
found near Honolulu, and about the
same time a quantity of stuff like
beer was seized and brought to the
Police Court? These facts arc
against him. Attorney - General
Armstrong is brought forward in his
report to the Legislature of 1882 on
illicit distilling, and what docs he
suggest as a remedy? The exten
sion of licenses? No, nothing of
the kind ; not a word to help the
apologist for license. Mr. Arm
strong says, "The only way to sup
press it (illicit distilling) js to em
ploy a superior order of men for
police duty." That is indeed the
only way that any practical man
who had no pecuniar' interest-in
the liquor business would suggest.
We arc told to "hear" Mr. Arm
strong again on illicit selling, and
we hear as follows, "Convictions
for illicit Helling are constantly made,
but it is so difficult to obtain evi
dence that the great majority of
those engaged in the business are
not detected or punished." I am
at a loss to see why this testimony
is introduced, as tho common-sense
method Mr. Armstrong suggested
to deal with an evil, is the very
opposite of that now in force. Mr.
Armstrong says restrain, break the
had business up, by the only
method practicable. He offered
no suggestion to throw the respect
able mantle of state license over a
business which he knew to bo bad
and only bad, It is indeed sad
that the one witness brought for
ward in nil this lopg apology, should
testify for the opposlto side I In
numerable panaceas have been
brought forward by tho liquor busi
ness "to stop drunkenness," but
anything before abstinence; that is
tho one remedy that don't pay.
This is tho royal road of the Privy
Council apologist, upon which I re
mark that, as far as it goes, I quite
agree (and when wo do agree our
unanimity is wonderful): "The
sure way to stop drunkenness Is to
refine man's tastes, to strengthen
his character, move him by the force
of good examples, turn him from a
life of carelessness, indolence or
profligacy to the practice of Christian
virtue. When you have done that
be assured you have put an end to
drunkenness in the individual. Per
haps, the reclaimed drunkard may
become a convcr to the doctrine of
total abstinence in his own person.
If so, so much the better, for tho
self-restraint he practises is exem
plary and may influence others."
And then, as if treading on eggs,
he says, "But this newly-found
virtue b' no means authorizes its
fortunate possessor to impose it on
This reads like an unfinished
chapter of tho apology. To help on
all this, is indeed the true duty of
government, as William Bwart Glad
stone, no mean authority, recently
said in the British House of Com
mons, in reference to legislation on
this subject, "The law should make
it easy for the people to do right,
and difficult to do wrong." But we
are left to our own imaginations to
supply the omitted portion of this
chapter, as to the means supplied
whereby the tempted aud the fallen
may be helped to the virtues com
mended. The sequel might read
like this: "The Privy Council hav
ing the true welfare of the people at
heart, and being anxious that the
public taste should bo more refined,
that the national character should
be strengthened and stimulated by
the force of good example that our
young people should be attracted
from carelessness, indolence and
profligacy to the practice of Chris
tian virtue, have opened schools
where all these graces may be more
effectually destroyed." This writer,
who misquotes Scripture, .talks glibly
of "God's laws" being broken, and
cspatiatcs on "Christian virtue,"
can't see the A, B, C, of his own
Christian duty. Is there a Chris
tianity, then, in which a man may
wrap himself up in his own garment
of self, and be indifferent to quote
his own words to those "who fall
like leaves by the wayside and dis
appear from sight from the unmis
takable effects of this vice, leaving
none to represent or succeed them."
What I understand Christianity to
teach, and what mankind to expect
of it is, not the pity which may
look on, but the strong hand of
practical sympath which can and
will help. The greatest expounder
of Christianity said he would neither
eat flesh nor drink wine if his ex
ample caused a weaker man to
(To be continued.)
I HAVE seized for rent the Slabs,
Head and Foot Stones, etc., of T. J.
Nagle, carrying on business as stone
cutter, on Queen Street, Honolulu, and
shall sell the same at public auction If
the debt for rent is not liquidated within
15 days from this date.
A. B. KERR.
Honolulu, Aug. 20, 1835. 103 2w
A GIRL, about 15 years old, to mind
children and do general house
work (German preferred.) Good wages
and good home. Enquire at this office.
For Sale Cheap.
N elegant square piano. Has had
hut very little use. Apply to
AVERY & PALMER,
FANNING'S ISLAND GUANO In
quantities to suit. Apply to the
PACIFIC NAVIGATION CO.
A YOUNG gentleman lately from San
Francisco, wants a situation in a
btoro or olllco. Address
100 3t GEO. PEKING, Post-Ofllce.
A COACHMAN with a good rccom
mendaiion. Applv to
J. T. WATERUOUSE, Queen St.
PLYMOUTH Rock Chickens and Po.
land-China Pigs. Enquire at this
olllce, or John Roliclln. Kapalama.
BROWN & PHILLIPB,
Practical Plumbers, Gas Fitters
and Copper-smiths, No. 71 King street,
Honolulu. C2f House mid Ship Job
Woik promptly executed. 102
O Luso Hawaiiano.
A LL persons who want to communi.
J. cato with the Poitugucso, cither !
lor business, or lor procuring workmcu,
servants or any other helps, will 11ml It
the most profitable way to advertise in
tho Luso Ilaivaiiano, the new organ of
the Portuuueso colony, which is pub.
lishcd on Merchant street, Gazette Build.
Int', (Post-Olllee Letter Box K.), and
only charges reasonable rates for atlvcr.
TEMPLE of FASHION
Nob. 61, 63 and
We wish to announce the arrival of our new Summer Stook in our
which is the most complete in this city.
EKSr Feathers Gleaned and Curled.!
Native .Straw Sewed in all the Styles of Hats.
500 pieces of Dress Lawns at very Low Prices.
New designs in Dress Goods, Satins & Buntings.
Ladies' Wrappers and Children's Dresses
in large varieties. A large invoice of Laces and Embroideries.
Ladies', Misses', Children's and Infants' Hosiery
in the latest styles.
BOYS' WABSTS ! BOYS' WAISTS !
Youths', Boys' and Children's Clothing a specialty.
BSTNEW GOODS IN EVERY DEPARTMENT, -a
JBQy Call and be Convinced. -u
S. COIIN & COMPANY.
Pacific Hardware Company
SUCCESSORS TO DILLINGHAM & CO. AND SAM'L N0TT.
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Hradware, Agricultural Implements, House Furnishing
Goods, and General Merchandise.
Just received Eddy's Refrigerators and Ice Chests, now styles of Chandeliers
and Library Lamps, Stoves and Ranges, Kerosene Oil Stoves.
C2T FAXBBA3S KS' AJX HOWE'S SCAXi.ES.TSa
All of which are offered upon favorable terms.
PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY.
KMmMJiBfoBB wSSkJEwi f i , MP" MvwMmfMh JflFIB m.
Granite, Iron and Tin Ware !
Chandeliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER HOSE,
House Keeping Goods,
PLUMBING, TIN, COPPER AND
993 SHEET IRON WORK.
' It M . "L 1 .. I 1 .. .. I J . i ii i ..
' JOSEPH E. WISEMAN,
The Only Eecognized General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands
JBSTA.I3XISII13r 1 8M.
Offices in Campbell's Fire-proof Buildiner, 27 Merchant St., Honolulu, H. I
I. 0.,IJox:nn tits Tclopliono 173,
REAL ESTATE AGENT Buys and sells Real Estate in all parts of the King
(loin. Rents Olllccs, Houses, Cottages and Rooms.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR WILDER'S INTER-ISLAND STEAMERS-Tour
ists aud the Traveling Public will apply to ine for Tickets and Information to
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEW
"iOUK Tho Largest, Grandest and Soundest Institution of its kind in the
AGENT FOR THE CHEAT BURLINGTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN AMERICA
This Route excels all other routes going East, the scenery being the grandest,
tho meals tho choicest and tho Palace and Dining Cars the handsomest and most
EMPLOYMENT AGENT Finds Employment for all ccekiug work In tho vari
ous branches of industry on tho Islands.
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON FUtE INSURANCE CO.
Tho best known Company in the Islands.
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKER Enters Goods at Custom House, pays and discharges
Freight and Duly Bills under power of Attorney.
MONEY BROKER Loans Money at all times on first-class sccnritly.
GENERAL BUSINESS AGENT Legal Fnporn of every description drawn. Bills
Distributed and Collected. Books and Accounts kept and adjusted. Records
Searched. Rents Collected. Taxes and Insuiancu on Properly looked after.
Copying and Engrossing done. Advertisements, Newspaper Articles, Corres
pondence and Commercial Business of every nature promptly and accurately
AGENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL AT HONOLULIT-Companles abroad
will correspond with mo for terms, etc. Oiders for Wand Shells, Curio, Lnvu
Specimens, Native VIuws ami rnoios
of tho World.
EST Information appertaining to tho Islands given and all correspondence fallh.
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN,
873 General Business Agent, Honolulu Hawaiian Islands,
65 Fort Street,
careiuny niieu and lonvanleil to all
'sAfe . f. my jft t. jj Kr