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BISHOP & Co., bankers
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Exchange on llic .
Runic ol'Otilil'urntn, S. IT.
Ami their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. X. M. Rothschild &S011, London.
The Commcrclnl Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
The Hank of Now Zcalondt Auckland,
Ohrlstchuich, and Wellington.
The Dank of Urltlsli Columbia, Vic.
loria, I). 0. nud Portland, Or.
Transact a General banking Business.
Plodgol to neither Boot not Party.
But established for tho benofit of nil.
SATURDAY, SEPT. 5, 1883.
THIS EVENING'S DOINGS.
Yoscmite Skating Rink 7.
THE CHINESE ELEMENT IN BUSINESS.
" Buy in the cheapest and sell in
the dearest market," is an old. and
generally, a correct rule of business.
If John Chinaman sells cotton for
nine cents and "Mcllican man"
sells tho same goods for ten cents,
then, on business principles John's
cottons ought to be patronized and
the Mcllican man's left with the
moths. A great deal lias been said
and written on the relations of the
Chinese population in this country
to the country's interests and destiny!
Many views arc expressed, and much
diversity of opinion exists on tho
question whether the Chinese cle
ment enlarges the volume of the
country's trade or only stands in the
way of its greater development by
other people. If it is really a ques
tion of Chinese occupation versus
unpeopled solitude and desolation;
some answer, better be occupied by
the Mongolian than left uninhabited ;
others say, no, better have unoccu
pied lands and houses open to immi
grants of a better class who, under
present conditions, are prevented
from coming in and taking posses
sion. Without offering to decide
that question, at present, to our own
or to our readers' satisfaction, we
consider it due to the enterprise of
the Chinese to say that many of their
methods arc so eminently successful
in their results that other nationali
ties would consult their own interests
by taking a leaf or two out of John's
book ; and it is also due to the in
terests of civilized,socicty to lay
before the public a few of the facts
and causes that operate against the
success of the white man's enter
prises. And first among the ele
ments of Chinese success is their
cohesion as a people. Their busi
ness with other races is only to secure
patronage ; while, in dispensing their
custom, they take care to give the
preference to their own countrymen.
When a failure occurs, the creditors
of the broken down firm are care
fully1 excluded from tho Chinese
ranks. It is almost invariably the
white merchant that gets "stuck."
The insuperable difficulties that meet
the non-Chinese creditors of Chinese
insolvents afford presumptive evi
dence of collusion among them for
the. purpose of fleecing those outside
of the Celestial ring. Instead of
heavily stocked establishments,
which indulgent creditors viewed
as good collateral security for nc
commodation, imposing but beggarly
arrays of empty boxes have bqen
discovered. Traders who demand
immunity from payment of their
lawful debts owing to business re
verses over which they claim to have
had no control, are expected to make
good their pleas by showing their
accounts to all whom they may con
cern. The Chinaman is practically
exempt from this very mild restric
tion, by keeping accounts in his
own awful hieroglyphics.
A large Bhare of the patronage of
white families is dispensed in Chi
nese stores to the detriment of other
traders' interests. The palo faced
races arc expected to support the
institutions of civilized society with
both time and money, Collectors
of funds for religious and benevo
lent purposes count on liberal contri
butions from all nationalities except
from the Chinese. Exempt from
contributions to civilized institutions,
and exempt from the plainest re
quirements of civilized life in modes
of living, the Chinese merchant un
dersells his rival and thus com
mands the patronage of tho very
families who, if it were not for the
-nlj.,r'iif i,' , ,viflt'i-AJ,
advantages of civilized institutions,
would not remain in tho Kingdom a
day. Many buyers who patronize
cheapness forget that cheapness is
too often procured at the expenso of
their existence as members of their
own society. Our white citizens
who go shopping on the cheap basis
among Chinese stores, forget that
they arc paying premiums on hide
ous architecture and pestilential
closes, into which thoy never would
enter as visitors. Money is power,
and white families whoso custom
adds to the sum total of Mongolinn
power forget that they arc adding
just so much to the force that is
steadily but surely, if not soon
counteracted, pressing them and
their kin to the wall ; and the inevit
able tendency of which is to drive
them from the Kingdom.
THE PASSPORT SYSTEM.
A visitor who had just bought
permission to escape from the cus
tody of the Hawaiian Government,
remasked, with a gesture more elo
quent than words, "It costs two
dollars to enter this country, but
only a dollar to leave it." People
of foreign countiies who are aware
of this anomalous system of fining
incoming and outgoing passengers,
and the former more heavily 'than
the latter, must view with a degree
of contempt .1113' anxiety manifested
here for obtaining desirable settlers
from abroad. It would be hard,
moreover, for, this nation to defend
itself from the charge of being a
gross cheat, in exacting from stran
gers money to support a hospital
that is shut against them, except for
more money, when they may need
its shelter and treatment. Regard
ing the passport system, it is not
without certain advantages to the
community, apart from its value as
a source of revenue. Yet cases may
be imagined where the enforcement
of the law might become the excit
ing cause of international trouble.
"We do not believe in the ancient
custom of taxing strangers and let
ing the children fee. Let those
living under a Government be taxed
for the privileges and protection it
affords them. Strangers tempora
rily sojourning, and having no mate
rial stake in a country, these days,
are wards of their own national
Governments and, we hold, owe
nothing to any Government at peace
with their own for protection.
NOT THE PARADISE IT IS PAINTED.
Distant fields are always green,
and some who have seen the Congo
country at close range are portray
ing it in grayer than the accepted
hues. Rear-Admiral English, of the
American Navy, lias made a report
to the department, advising against
the proposal to establish a commer
cial resort, coaling depot and "fac
torial establishment" for Americans
at the mouth of the Cougo river.
The chief reason for this advice is
that all available land has been
acquired from the natives by trading
house employees, and is held at
extiavagant prices. Admiral En
glish quotes from a letter from U.S.
Commercial Agent Tisdell, in which
"The reputed wealth of the Congo
valley has been greatly exaggerated
and it will be an undesirable and
unprofitable country for an Ameri
can to make his home or to embark
in any business enterprise. Between
Vivi and Stanleypool there is on all
sides misery, want, sickness and
death, particularly among the em
ployees of tho International Asso
ciation. The country does not and
cannot produco food for the whites
to live upon, and barely produces
enough for the natives."
It is sad that Pasteur's method of
vaccinntion for cattlo plaguo has
proved completely successful in In
dia for elephants, horses, asses,
cows, buffaloes and sheep. Per
haps vaccination for glanders would
save much wealth in horseflesh, not
to mention ammunition.
They have it In Dublin that the
Duke of Connaughl, one of Queen
Victoria's sons, has arranged tone
side in Ireland in the near future,
lie will live privately and in no way
interfere with the official actions of
the viceroy. If English royalty had
been more intimate with Ireland in
the past, Irish disloyalty would not
have been so intimate with England.
Milwaukee has 160,000 (inhabit
ants, a gain of -13,000 in five years.
Paia, Sept. 3rd, 1885.
Ennon Butxr.TtNs In Older to
justify a rather questionable course
taken by tho Board of Immigration
in withdrawing the Japanese assign
ed to tho Paia Plantation, tho Ad
vertiser of tho 29th tilt., with a
great flourish in a three column
article, abuses this plantation, the
manager and all connected there
with. Now, while there is no doubt that
the Japanese made complaints and
allegations (which I will answer
later), yet when sifted down by such
a man as Mr. Jona. Austin 011 the
spot "Tho complaints were found
to be nbout comparatively trivial
matters, such as are constantly
arising where large numbers of men
arc employed in manual labor."
Tho Government should have the
credit of trying to arrange matters
satisfactorily, and finally they pro
bably took the step they did to con
ciliate the Japanese officials.
But the editors of the Advertiser,
probably realizing the mistake of
such a step, and the grave conse
quences which may ensue from it,
in the demoralization of this class
of labor on other plantations, 1ms in
his ovcrzcalousness to put the blame
iu advance on some one else, pub
lished the aforementioned article
filled with abuse, vituperation, and
the garbling of reports, to1 suit his
purpose. The article concludes with
tragical whispers and insinuations.
And, finally summing up, it said,
"that the treatment of the Japanese
is a grave comment on the manage
ment of immigrant labor on 'these
plantations." But as with all arti
cles written with such a spirit, the
editor overreached himself. And it
is with this latter statement that I
propose ,to deal here, and the best
mr fi rlrx If T' 4l.lv.1r 4-r. ImI Ul.A
"immigrant labor" speak' for them
selves. Hence I append tbo follow
ing statement which 4wns given with
a spontancousness impossible except
where the best understanding exists
between the employer and the em
ployed. E. M, Walsh.
Paia, Sept. 3rd, 1885.
Wc the undersigned immigrant
laborers, working on the Paia Plan
tation from one year to three years,
hereby certify that wc arc contented
and that our treatment by Mr.
Walsh, the manager, is good, and
that there is no kicking or striking
of the men by the lunas on this
The Jnpaucsc who came here last
March and left last week, worked
among us during their stay here and
wc would have known if the lunas
had been in the habit of kicking or
striking them, and wc do positively
say that all such statements are
Signed by seventy-two Portu
guese. Heartily endorsed by seven
Germans on the plantation one year.
Endorsed further by thirteen other
workmen, mostly Hawaiian. The
signatures as originally written have
been handed us for publication, but
it is hardly necessary to print them.
The owners of the Piinccvillo Planta.
tion Co.jhave decided to oiler for lease
for a term or years a part of their prop
erty at Ilanalei, Kauai.
There arc about 1)00 acres of rich land
suitable for sugar or rico cultivation in
Ilanalei Valley, Which can ho delivered
up as soon as the present crop of sugar
is taken off; with about 350 acros'moro
valley laud which can be turned in at
the expiration of the present lease in
Thero arc 300 or moro'nercs of good
sugar land in the uplands, well irrigat.
cd, which can also bo delivered up as
fast ns the preseut ciop of cane is liar
There aro 180 acres of land in the up,
lands planted with sugar ennb for tho
crop of 1887, which will he sold upon
favorable terms. '
All of tho lands in this estate havq an
abundance of water, tlius'insiiiing good
Thcic aro ecows, plows, toole, railroad
and cars, carts and implements ncccs.
sary for planting and harvesting crops,",
which win no sold upon lavorauic
terms; also, 2C0 head of wcll-brnkcn;
woiking oxen, which will bo o lie red 'for'
sale in lots to suit puichasers.
Tho mill is in good order and capable
of manufacturing CO tons of sugnr a
All of tho above lands will lie leased
together with the mill for a term of
years, or the owners will run tho mill at
their expense, grinding tho sugar cano
ESTFor all particulars apply to cjias.
Koclllng, .Manager at llanulul, or o
O, BREWER &'CO.,
Agents at Honolulu.
P. O. JONES, Sec'y P.P.Co, 11? 2w
FOR SALE. I
ONE Phaeton, 1 Business Wagon, 1
lircak, a set of blacksmith's land
wood worker's tools. Iron and carrtogo
material. Apply to
103 lm G. RKVCABTLE, 33 King St.
MmmmimutrmvwKfaHmuto,, m7jb lwfc.fc ..
MI? M. D. MONSARIUT, Mirvcyor,
can ho found nt his Office, Mot
chant Sheet, Sept. f, 1881!. 117 lw
wu.ii oven ron tiik
Monday, September 14
The completion of the new Bishop
Hall of Science, fully equipped for use,
offers rare facilities in thii department,
which is in charge of PROF. L. L. VAN
SLYICE, a specialist from the Univer
sity of Michigan.
By tho addition of over COO volumes
of carefully selected books increased
odvantages arc afforded in the Literary
Lessons In Vocal Music, Drawing and
French by the former able instructor
ore given in the regular couise without
extra charge. '
Punahou Preparatory School,
Under the cfllcient mini igomont of MISS
E.iV. HALL ns Principal, o lie is excel
lent advantage for tlioc wishing tb
pursue, a prepaiatory entire. 117 2w
ONE full Nleklc.Plalc.( Hi cycle, 50
inrho, ucaily new Clio tp. In
quire of' R..MORE & CO., Kinjr St.
110 :it j
Beef ! Beef !
FOlt SAM! BY
H. Hackfeld &, Co.
Golden Gate, Extra Family,.
Eldorado Flour !
H. Hackfeld & Co.
llfi lw '
Potatoes ! Potatoes !
Just received, ex Oity of Sydney,
NEW ZEALAND POTATOES !
in fine order. For .sale by I
112 lw II. MAY & QO
L. E. SPERRY,
Jeweler and Engraver,
T. Tannatt, Wa,telimulccji
NO: S3, FORT STREET:
Engravings and Monograms executed
in, iiu iiigiicsi siyic, aim jc wciry i
made to order.. .
nPIJE undersigned having purchased
JL from tho assignees, , of tho bank
rupt cstato of Chung Hung all bijojc
accounts due said estate, hereby author
izes Chang Hung to collect tho samo lor
ine, uuucraignea. (vv lmj fcHJNULOl,
COTTAGrE TO LET. !
NO. 49 Emma street, near Sheldon
premises, containing four rooms,
kitchen and panjrywith out-bujlding
containing two rooms. Apply" to
' ' -J. M. MONSARRAT, 27 Mcrchant.St.
1112w, , ;
FOlt SALE Olt IEASE.
WE have been authorized toofier'for
sale orlcaso tho elegant house
and premises owned by E. H. Thomas,
situated on tho corner of Fiikol and
Pcnsacola Streets. The hpuso contains
four largo rooms on the lower floor and
four airy chambers and bath room on
tho upper floor. Hot and cold water
pipes throughout the house. This pro.
perty is too well known to nccdjiUrther
description. For particulars apply to
AVERY & PALMER,
General Business Ageuts,
113 2w No. CO Fort St.
MR. D. L. AHPHART hereby Intl.
mutes that ho has tills day with,
drawn from tho llrm of Soyong & Ah.
pliart, and that ho will carry on the busl.
ness of an Employment Agency, Anglo.
Chliioso Interpreting, Collecting ,Ac
counts and other Agency Business at
Sun Kim Lung Co.'s, 43 Hotel street!
113 tf '
TEMPLE of FASHION
Nos. 61, 63 and 65 Fort Street,
Wo wish to annoiiiioe the arrival of our new Summer Stock jn our
which is tho most complete in this city.
ikSr Feathers Cleaned and Curled.
Native Straw Sewed in all the Styles of Hats.
1 ') I I.
f00 pieces of Dress Lawns at very Low Prices.
New designs in Dress Goods, Satins & Huntings.
Ladies' Wrappers and Children's Dresses
in large varieties. A large invoice of Laces and Embroideries.
Ladies', Misses', Children's and Infants' Hosiery
in the latest styles.
BOYS' WAISTS ! BOYS' WABSTS !
1 v Youths', Hoys' and Children's Clothing a specialty.
asr'NEW GOODS IN EVERY DEPARTMENT, tea
, BSy Call and be Convinced, "a
S. COllN & COMPANY.
Pacific Hardware Company
SUCCESSORS TO DILLINGHAM & CO. AND SAM'L N0TT.
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Hradware, Agricultural Implements, House Furnishing
Goods, and General Merchandise.
Just received Eddy's Refrigerators and Ice Chests, new styles of Chandeliers
aud Library Lamps, Stoves and Ranges, Kerosene Oil Stoves.
IrirAIK,13AlVKS' A.TS IIOWJE'S SCAI.JES?. 13a
All of which are offorcd upon favorable terms.
PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY.
JOHN ITT, 1.
Granite, Iron and Tin Ware !
Chandeliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER: HOSE,
House Keeping Goods,
PLUMBING, TIN, COPPER AND
993 SHEET IRON "WORE.
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN, '
The Only Recognized General Business Agent on the Hawaiian Islands
(1 , ESTABLISHED 1879.
Offices in Campbell's Fire-proof Buildiner, 27 Merchant St., Honolulu, IH. I
1. O.JJox 315
REAL ESTATE AGENT Buys and sells Real Estito in all parU of'tho Kinir
doin. Rents Olllces, Houses, Cottages and Rooms. "I"" oi mo iving
SOLICITING AGENT FOR WILDEIVS INTER-ISLAND STEAMERS-Tour
the VoJcauS Trnvollug X ttbUo wl" " to mo for Tlck3 nd Information to
S0JJIA?ENT F9,IlTE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF NEW
World Larfc,(;s' Grandest and Soundest Institution of its hind in tho
AaBri7 t". T,,l31aK1?AT BURLINGTON RAILWAY ROUTE IN AMERICA
-This Route excels all other routes going East, the tcenery being the Kra, de.K
comfouablef ft,',C '""' UMnB C"'H "'"'inmlaSmoat and "most
EMPLOYMENT AGENT-FInds Employment for nil reeking work in lliovari
ous branches of industry on tho Islands. - ; "
SOLICITING AGENT FOR THE ! CITY OF LONDON FIRE INSURANCE CO.
Tho best known Company in the Islands. ,
CUSTOM HOUSE BROKER-Entcis Goods at Custom IIqusc. pays and discharges
Freight and Duty Bills under power of Attorney. ' u.unrgts
MONEY BROKER Loans Money nt all times on first-closs securitly.
G?Kh,f,1iUSIS.? AGENT-Lcgal I'aperB of every deserlpt Ion drawn. Bills
Distr billed and Collected. Books and Accounts kept and adjiistcl. Records
bearchc(. RcnU Collected. Taxes and Insu.ance Vm I'roperiv looked after.
Copying and Engrossing done. Advertisements, Newspaper Aithhv, Corres
aUendcdV Con""erclal BuslucS3 ot uvuO' turo promptly and accurately
AGENT FOR THE NEW MUSIC HALL AT IIONOLULU-Companles nbrrad
will correspond with mo for terms, etc. Older for Island Shells, Curios. Lava
Specimen', Native Views and Photos carefully tilled and forwarded to nil parts
oi the World,
Bf Information appertaining to the Islands given and nil correspondence fallh.
fully answered. '
JOSEPH K. WISEMAN,
"3 ' General Business Agent, Honolulu Hawaiian Islands.
8 Miiai Street