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HP'', MONDAY, SKIT. 28, 188o7
Ek , CHOLERA MICROBES.
MOW '1 111! lllSUASU IS 'IKAnSMU'IKU in
(K. F. Call, Sept. 13.)
Dr. A. Hlntchly of this city, in
the following communication, fur
nishes an interesting account of the
method in which the raisin trade
tends to assist the spread of the
It is a well-known fact that the
microbes can exist in clothing and
merchandise for a long time after
contact with a cholera patient, and
that when such clothing or ineichan
diso is transported from one country
to another the cholera is carried with
it. This is clearly shown in the
cholera which is now raging in Spain
and France and which was a gift of
Tonquin to France from the other
side of the earth. Last fall the
cholera disappeared in France.
There were no cases of it for months.
It left the human being and took
refuge in food, clothing, merchan
dise and any habitat that offered
conditions for its existence more
favorable than the human body. But
when the heat of summer became
sulliciently great it again attacked
human beings with as great viru
lence as when it first appeared. To
infect an article wit,h microbe so as
to render it dangerous for a length
of time, it must be in contact with
the excretions of a cholera patient
or ome substance impregnated with
them. The filth of sewers and any
decomposing animal or vegetable
substance appears to be best adapt
ed to their propagation and preserv
ation. CII01.UK.V IMPUTATION,
As raisins are one of the chief
articles of export from Spain to this
country, it may be well to consider
the probability of the cholera being
impoited in boxes of raisins. Tn
the cholera-infected districts of
Spain, where raisins are manufac
tured, the grapes are picked by
hand, carefully assorted and placed
upon the ground to dry. Each
cluster is arranged to expose the
proper side to the sun, and covered
or uncovered, according to the state
of the weather, until diied. Then
each cluster is taken up separately
and put in boxes ready for packing.
Thus every bunch and nearly cveiy
berry is brought in personal contact
with the raisin-maker a number of
times during this drying, and if he
is infected with the cholera the
raisins will be infected also. After
drying, the raisins are packed in
boxes for the market. For London
layers each bunch is arranged to
show the largest and best berries on
one side, and a great amount of
handling is necessary to give the
best appearance to the layer., in
packing the Deheslas each indivi
dual berry is pressed in the lingers
before packing in the box. Whcio
so much handling is required, escape
from infection is impossible if the
packers are cholera patients. After
packing, the layers are subjected to
a heavy pressure, which forms them
into a dense mass, which is wrapped
in paper and enclosed in a wooden
box. Thus protected, the microbe
is safe from the sulphurous acid gas
which in fumigation is forced into
the holds of ships to destroy the
germs of disease. This gas will
pass1 through clothing or any article
of an open porous nature, and des
troy the germs that they may con
tain. But the inside of the mass of
pressed raisins cannot be penetrated
by the gas, and the microbe is safe.
Tim l'Al'i:it .MAY CAIIItY TIII'.M.
The paper used in packing and
for labels is as liable to contain the
germs of the disease as clothing,
and the boxes as furniture, only
they are not generally brought in as
close contact as ordinary garments
with the cholera patients. The
boxes are very permeable to sul
phurous gas, but the papers between
the layers of raisins would be reach
ed only with great dilliculty, and
probably would not lie acted upon
Another mode of making iaisius
is to dip the grapes in an alkaline
saturation made from ashes obtained
by burning grape cuttings. This
furnishes an alkaline compound
which is considered most favorablo
for the propagation of the cholera
In manufacturing raisins the whole
of the moisture is not expelled from
tho grapes, but just sulllcicnt to
form a jelly, which, enclosed in the
skins of the grapes, will not ferment
and putrefy ; but if the curing is
not properly done a slow stage of
fermentation is induced, which con
tinues for a long time, and eventu
ally causes putrefaction and des
truction of the raisins. This forms
' one of tho best receptacles for the
cholera microbe to increase and
multiply in. In all lots of raisins
there are moro or less berries and
buncoes, if not whole boxes, that
are not properly cured,
A box of raisins consists t of a
great number of small packages or
bags of jelly, and if these bags or
skins arc broken fermentation begins.
Such Is tho nntu.ro of tho raisin
that when dried on trays in a dryer,
or in the Held, a slow but constant
chemical change is in pi ogress, and
any unfavorable conditions cause it
to decompose and putrefy.
But when diicd on the ground by
cholera patients, with a Spanish dis
regard of sanitary pioeaulions, es
cape from infection is impossible.
.More than a million boxes of
raisins have been imported from
Spain into this country yearly, and
each box of raisins has a chance to
carry and spread this plague, and
by making a million chances of ini
poiting the cholera it is sine to
come. A. Ui.atchi.v.
San Francisco, Sept. 8, 188,").
Control Park Staliiif Rink
This, clugntit Kink lias been painted
ami overhauled generally. The prnprl
ctoi, finding, ntter long usage, wood
unserviceable for Holler Skating, lins
uftrr gieat expense, laid n
Patent Cousin Floor,
And only asks a trial to convince any
one of its gi eat advantages over wooil,
for case in skating, clcanlinc:-?, etc.
fifiy Open every evening hi the week
tiom 7 to 0, and 'Wednesday and Sa.
turday afternoons for ladies anil chil
dren D. P. SMITH.
nnHE undoisigncd, a Committee of l)i
JL lector ol the Equitable Life As
surance Society of the United States,
appointed to foimiilatc the views of the
Board on the advantages ollercd by the
Society to the public, icport:
1st The Socicly issues all the approv
ed forms of assurance, including Ordt
nuiy Life, Endowment and Tontine po
licies. It ! immaterial to the Dhcctors
which fmm ol policy is taken by in
2d The Life and Endowment forms
of policy piovido lor annual cash ilivi
dcnd and a sun under value; ate Indis
putable aftei tlucc ycais and payable
immediately ufier proof of death.
oil The premiums on n Tontine po
licy ate the same as on the Oidinary
Lilc, Imi, while the latter is only pay.
abb; in the event of iballi, the holder of
the Tontine policy bus the light to diuw
tho whole of the ioeio and the nccu.
mul.ilul pi oftum cash at the end of a
silted peuod; tliu-, during his own life
time, after his pioduung yeais aie past,
lie can, witbout any larger premium
than on an oidinaiy policy, 'ceuie these
gi eater advantages.
fth Experience show.-, that the leturn
paid in cash on maiming Tontine po
licies approximates to or exceeds the
amount of picmiums paid by policy
holder, "-o thai the average cost of the
nssui.uicc will be only about the interest
on tho picmiums.
iith Tontine policies, like olhci.-, arc
paid in full in the event of death at any
time dining the term of the policy, and
aie incontestable aftei three years, and
payable immediately after due pioof of
Oth Epeiicnco shows that the mor.
tallty is lower among Tontino policy,
hohleis, as tho better lives seek this
Mud of assuiunces, which is a consider
able source of profit.
7th Tontine policies will be made
noii-foifeitablc under the laws of the
State, if so deshul at the time the as
surante is effected.
8th The Tontine system is fair and
just; its accounts aie accurately kept,
scpai.itu from all other business, the
fund-, judiciously invested and Improv
ed, and the accumulated piollts Jaith
fully guarded audpropcily appoitioncd.
Dili The Society has binte its organi
zation transacted a larger amount of
now business than any other company,
while its new business for .the llrst half
of the present year is 1,700,000 larger
than (hut of the first half of 188L It
has Assets of 00,000,000; over 11,000,
000 of Surplus, and lis ratio of Sin plus
to Liability is greater thon that of any
Chau.ci:y M. Diu'ew,
John A. Stuwaht,
Wii.uaji A. Wniu'.i.oci;,
ClIAW.KH (J, L.IH)V,
Hukiiy H. Ilvni:,
Committer of the Bo.ud of Directors of
the Equitable Life Asuinnco Society
of the United States.
ALEX. .1. CARTWRIGI1T,
Cicnci.il Agent for Hawaiian Islands,
Equitable Life Assuiance Society.
Ice Cream Parlors !
No, MB Jlotol Hli'uot.
Delicious ilavoied loo Cicam inado
from pmo Dairy Cream, Fruit Ices,
Sherbets, Ico Cream Drinks and many
other lofieshments ran bo found always
at this really llit chits rc-oit. Choice
Confectiooeiy and Cakes In great
Families, Parties, Balls and Weddings
For the convenience or the public we
puck oi del s for Ire Cicnin in Patent
Rcfiigcrator Cans, which hold from 1 to
40 QuarlB, warranted to keep Us delight
fill flavor and perfect form for inuuy
Mutual Telephone : : ;i3H
Ilell Telephone ; : : 12H
fiST Tho Elito Ico Cream Pallors are
open dally until 11 p.m. 88 Jy
I U -fB a i0 vjs?'
Carriage mim! Wason IMCalcer
BJiln IIi-w-luMNiiuninormul prieoslo wuit Lite iiinow.
70 & ICIng St., adjoining Geo. W. Lincoln, Contractor & Builder. , (Jin
Prank Gertz, 103 Fort Street,
IHIiiiiiiifeiiiiiiiiiiiiiHI fc' iijjj BKzsSsis's
Has received by late steamers a splendid line of
BOOTS, SEOEB AHB SLIPPERS,
For Ladies, Gentlemen and Children.
KSsr Ioii'fc Ia.ss5S
Every Description of M Printing
Executed with neatness and dispatch,
Baily Bulletin Steam Printing Office,
Bills of Lading
- . XiSWrr
MR. CHAS. HOYT'S Shreing Shop
is now re-opened. Interfering
horses a specially. 115 King Street,
coiner ol Alakca.' 20 If
Tho premises al Xo. '12 Mcr-
lnlimil clrnnt nnnt itin niiftini nf
gwftjfeFoit sticct, centrally located
In the business part of tho city. Suita
ble for a LAW OFFICE, or anv other
kind of business. Bent low- Enquire
of DR. STANGENWALI).
HAVING obtained the services of a
fhs.t-eass Piano Tuner, we wish
to infoim the public that we uio nble to
Tune and Repair Pianos at short notice.
All orders left with us will bo promptly
attended to, and all work warranted.
1032 ly WEST, DOW & CO.
rpilE UNDERSIGNED is prepared
X to furnish household seivants,
collect hills, and do Auglo-Chlncsu in
terpreting nuil a general agency busi
ness. Charges moderate.
SOYONG, Wi Nuiianu St.
Mutual Telephone 27i). (i:i (lin
HOUSE & LOT FOR SALE.
The house mid premises owned
and occupied by w. u Jic
iWavno. situated on tho corner
ot 1'ounc and ICceiiumoku streets. Tho
house Is new and contains six looms be.
sides pantry, kitchen, Ac. Tho lot is
100xi:i7 feet. Stables, caniago and out
houses on the premises. Foi paiticulais
apply to AVERY &. PALMER,
123 No. 00 Fort street.
O Luso Hawaiiano.
ALL persons who want to communl.
cate with the Poitugucse, cither
for business, or for procuring workmen,
seivauts or any other helps, will find it
the most prolltablo way to advertise In
the Luso jiiwaiiauo, tho now organ of
the Portueuosc colony, which is pub.
llslicd on Merchant street, Gaxcte hiu.
lug, (I-ost-Olllce Letter Box E.), oud
only charges leasonablo rates for otlver
JaHHP mWFZV Visiting Cards
U B vsgr 13 W U 0-iq B
b Shipping llere'ts
BROWN & PHILLIPS,
Practical Plumbeis, Gas Fitters
and Copper-smiths. No. 71 King street,
Honolulu. US" House and Ship Job
Work promptly executed. 102
COTTAGE TO LET.
A nice 4 room cottouc within
easy rcacli of Honolulu, situ
ate at Kapalama. Terms S20
per month. Apply to
MRS. MARIA KING,
on tho grounds, or to A. J. Cartwright,
at his olllcc. 40 if
Honolulu Carriage Manufact'y
228 and 230 Fort Street,
W. II. PAOL
- Hawaiian Is.
THE FAST SAIUNO
lvv Rn h nnn nr V-WTTW A T
will run regularly
TO WAIALUA EVERY MONDAY,
Returning on Thursday, weather
For freight or passage apply to tho
Captain on board, or to
Pacific Navigation Co.,
Tho undersigned having
UKcn ciiurge oi jsaggage
Express No. UL for the
niiipose ot carrying on the Expicss and
Dray business, hopes by paying strict
attention to business to lecoivo a shore
ol public putionagc.
EST Moving pianos and furniture u
specialty, B. BURGERSON.
Residence, coiner Punchbowl and Bc
letania Streets. Mutual Telephone 1)20.
West, Dow & Co., Tclephonu 170.
E. R. RYAN'S
- - Honolulu
The oldest and only Boat Building Shop
in tho Kingdom.
Boats and Scows of all kinds made to
order. Surf Boats n specially.
I have Oak Timbers imported expressly
for Island use.
All kinds of Boat Repairing dono a
1005 shortest noiice, ly
Mm&MW'MWWiWil ''". Statements
aaiammiAi .Sfe.u4. nigs
Yosnite SMii 11.
Will ho open oveiy ultciiioun and even.
ings as follows:
Stoniltiy. WrdncHdny, Tlim-Rilaj- mid
To the public In general,
Tuesday mid Friday KveiiliijtH, and
Wednesday mid Saturday
For ladies and their emits.
AMUSEMENTS TO COME:
Grand Carnival MaMpnailu on Skates,
Four handsome pibei to bo j;lcn
away one forlbe most elegant costume,
the most oilglnal, tlie best sustained,
mill tho most comical. The Grand May
polo Dance will also bo given by 10
dancers. All Intending innsqucis arc
requested to hand In their names and
procure a pass before Sept. 2iith.
TIIOS. E. WALL, .Manager.
Chas. Brewer & Co's
llOSTON I INK OI" PACKET s.
A first-class csscl will be laid on in this
Hue to sail in all the month of Novem
ber ncM, if sufficient inducement otters.
For freight apply to
CHAS. BREWER & CO.,
No. 27 Killiy sticct,
Or to Boston, Mass.
C. BREWER & CO.,
Honolulu, Sept. 22, 1&S5. 131 aw
G. .T. AVA-XyCEIt, Proprietor.
Choicest 'Meats from Finest Herds.
Families and Shipping
SUPPLIED ON SHORT NOTICE
Lowest jXiivlcei. J?rieN.
All meats delivered from this Market
aie thoroughly chilled immediately after
killing by means of a Bell-Coleman Pa
tent Dry Air Refrigerator. Meat so
treated retains all its juicy piopertles,
and is Guaranteed io Kuki Longer
akti'.ii Delivery than Freshly-kile-ed
Meat. 74 ly
Beef ! Beef !
The very bc3t quality from
J. Campbell's Honouliuli Ranch.
The Cheapest in the Market.
Hop Chong Comp'y,
No. 45 Maunakca Street.
Delivered to any port of the Town.
Labor Saving Soft Soap.
WHAT ALL Families, Hotels and
Laundries need. For sale at W.
E. Hcrrick's Turning Shop, Bethel St.,
by (77 2m) TO. n. BUDDY.
L. E. SPERRY,
Jeweler and Engraver,
X1. IFuniintt, 'Wutelmmlcei",
NO. 611, FORT STREET.
Eugruviiigs nnd Monoginins executed
in tlie highest style, ond jewelry
01 made to order. 3m
J. A. DOWER,
Ship Carpenter and Boat Builder.
HAS on hand ond for sale various
bied surf boats, constructed on
an impioved principle of my own in
vention, each frame bolng of one piece
ncioss the keel, The frames aro closer
together, and the boats aro therefore
lighter and less liable to bilge in, than
boats of any other build, Each side
plank and gunwale is in one plcro from
stein to stem, and is consequently not
liublo lo stiain, thero boing no midship
butts. The material and workmanship
are wananted to bo of tho best quality.
Mr. Robot Lowers, of Lowers &
Cooke, will attend to thu halo of these
boats, and dispose of them at Ban Fran
Cisco pi Ices, 05 ly
J. A. 'Mackenzie,
Having opened a shop on
(opposito tho Church), is prepared to
execute all oidcrs for
Plumbing, Gas and Steam
And general work in his line. All
orders promptly attended to, and charges
strictly moderate, 84 Jy
J&'i'Crf1 , lSISI'
Stcnmoi "J. I. BowMotV
Rob Floy, Mile Morris, and Jocophlno.
sA.ivjr .iroxi. salk
Fine and coarse I'uuloa Salt ; "fine
Kakaako Salt, In quantities to suit.
Also, large nnd small lion Water
Tanks. Paints, Oils, Etc., Ele. C3 ly
Plonoor St'm Candy Eactory & Bakery
Manufactures all and cveiy atlitle hi
Confectionery and l'utry and Bread
Bakery from the best ami purc mate
Tlals, guaranteed free from all
Hallways on hand all sizes of his Rich
anil Unsurpassed Quality of
Enjoying a rich reputation of many
jcars, and nro ornamented in any
style (lesiicd, and are sold at the
Lowest Possible Prices
Unequalled facilities and steam enables
mo to sell all articles manufactured at
my Establishment Cheaper than any
other in this Lino of Business. Vanilla,
Chocolate, Cocoanut, hand made and
Mould Creams of all flavors at 50 rents
RICH PUFF CREAM CAKES,
at 5 cents each. Mince and Fruit
Pies always on hand.
Pure and Wholesome Bread !
Vienna Rolls, Family & Graham Bread
delivered to any part of the city. The
largest and most vatious Stock of Con.
fectionery can he found at
JF. H O RN'S
Steam Candy Factory and Bakery.
No. 71 Hotel St., between Niiunnu and
1'. O. Box No. 75. Telephone No. 74.
1004 " .
LIME ! LIME !
Patronize Home Mniinfnctnrc
The Hawaiian Stone Comp'y Jfe'-
Aie now prepared to furnish fresh Lime
in quantities to suit purchasers, and
satisfaction, warranted as to both the
kind and the price.
ALLEN & ROBINSON,
93 ly Agents.
The Equitable Iiile AaHuvuiire
Society of the United
KKTAUTiIKIIKI IX 1H.V.).
ISSUES Policies on the most approved
plans, viz :-OrdinaiyLIfe,Life.Limlt-ed
Payments, Endowments; Tontine
Savings.Fuiul, Tontines, Scmi-Tontincs;
A. B. C. Tontines; Life and Survivor
ship Annuities; Children's Endowments,
Joint Life Risks, Partnership Insurance,
etc., etc., etc.
Policies both Incontestable and Non
Contested claims, none.
Before insuring elsewhere, call and
get an estimate.
It is calculated that every reasonable
wish of the insured is embodied in one
or more of the plans.
For full particulars and pamphlets,
AliKX. J. OAItTWHUillT,
General Agent for Hawaiian Islands.
Notice to tie Pule.
We take pleasure in announcing lo the
public that, in addition to our
Pastry and Confectionery Business,
We will open our
Ece Cream Parlors !
Which havo been fitted up elegantly ac
cording to our trade, on
SAruitDA.Y, a.xiii:l. srtn.
Our Cream will bo only of supeilor
quality, made of genuine cream. As
we havo mado arrangements with the
Woodlawn Dairy to supply us only with
a lirst-class aiticle from samples we
havo hod of tho same, wo ore ablo to
guuronteo satisfaction. Tho following
assortments of Ico Creams and SherbelB
we will keep at our opening, and many
moro kinds if trade will justify It;
JOJ3 Oil 33 A.If3
VANILLA, LEMON, CHOCOLATE, COFFEE,
STRAWBERRY, PINEAPPLE and
ORANGE AND STRAWBERRY.
Parties supplied any day (Arept Sun
days. Thoso wishing Ico Cream for
Sunday must Icavo their orders on Sa
turdoy befoio i) p. in., which will ba
delivered before 10 a-in. Siindnv. The
creams will be packed so that they will
keep eight houis in a Ilrst-chitB condi
tion. Hoping to get a share of public
patronage, and thanking the public for
their llbeinl past favors, wo rcuinin. res.
MELLEIl & HALBE,
1003 ly King, near Aloheu