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IE-' FRIDAY, OCT. 2, 1885. I 'lho ,lumcl's 011 m,m ,,oino ,lom Oavriage and. "Watg'on 3MCalveit
mL ! -!i- -5 WlUi ardor In bis oyc; 5fSi&3& ELj
'Kb? THF HFW rtlllh Said he, "l'o lead how Washington 'Sbwj ''Svkk
W- T, ,, ,, , ,. ,, ,N "HoilltlP lho fanner cried his wheat KopnlrliiK, , I riiintnifr Ss -r
E - , ,, j,-, u)h u iiiv, i iiiu iPmmgr rS&Bsr
R "Men, it nomailo that bug, I vogot i jaWsSJglNv
Within tho Inst ten years grunt Xo moie icpect forhlm." fsMSfS&a
I economic clmmres have taken iilncc -Tonkas Gaxrttr. l3lieUmltliiuf-, Q& Y1 GJAjli'limuiiiffJ
Within the last ten years grunt
economic changes have taken place
in Southern Russia. The grain bear
ing section is in the extreme western
part ; its centers of political activity
are in the north and west, and in
the opinion of most persons, the
rest of llttssiti has been given over
to uuprogrcssivo peasants or loving
tribes of Cossacks. Up to n rela
tively recent date there was u con
siderable amount of tiutli in this
geographical allotment, but, in the
last few years, a marvelous change
has taken place.
Thlsiiulustrialrcolution has been
duo to two or three natural causes.
In the first place, it has been found
that the oil of the provinces of Kief,
Poltava and Kharkof is peculiarly
adapted to the culture of beet root.
In consequence of this discovery,
not only have the farmers converted
their Ileitis into beet plantations, but
the vast forests have been cut away,
partly fur the purpose of providing
more open land, and partly for fuel.
In consequence of this demand for
land, its value has greatly appre
ciated. Twenty years ago, the
average valuation placed upon the
farms in this district was the equi
valent of 81.") per hectare (nearly
two and a half Knglish acres).
To-day no trouble is found in sell
ing this same land at thciatc of $7.j
pel- hectare. There has grown up
in these provinces a new class of
wealthy men, who have made their
fortunes wholly independent of the
government. ' They arc solely
manufacturers having their interests
bound up in the business welfare of
the countiy, and must, therefore,
in time, exercise a potent influence
on the destinies of Russia.
Now in the province of Ekatcri-
noslaf have been discovered exceed
ingly valuable salt deposits. These
are worked at a very small expense,
and produce salt equal to the best
that can be found in any other salt
producing district. In consequence,
one or two little towns in this pro
vince have suddenly developed into
cities of from 20,000 to 30,000 inhab
itants, and the salt production of
Russia has increased from 800,000
or 900,000 tons, in 1881, to more
than 1,800,000 tons during the last
Farther toward the south-east, in
the valley of the Donctz River, vast
coal and iron fields have been found.
It is only recently that any indus
trial effort has been applied to the
development of these natural re
sources, though when work was
once begun it was rapidly carried
forward. The first mining com
pany established itself in the valley
of the Donetz in 1873, but to-day
there are 192 mines in active opera
tion, already turning out coal at the
rate of 2,000,000 tons a year. What
the owners of these coal and iron
mines expect to see is the building
up in their midst of great factories,
in consequence of the opportunities
for work which the immediate pre
sence of raw material, fuel, and a
wonderfully salubrious climate will
Already large numbers of people
1 have left the central districts of
Russia, and have migrated to these
southern provinces, where the chan
ces of profitable work are open to
them. Even the natives of the
region, the veritable Cossacks of
the Don, men of a race which from
time immemorial has passed its days
in the freedom of the open air, have
now, by the attraction of additional
pay," been converted into miners,
and work early and laic in the pits
and subterranean galleries. On one
hand are to be found the skin tents
of the nomads, representatives of a
state of civilization as old as the
days of Abraham, and in immediate
juxtaposition arc seen the workshops
and mines, the creation almost of
That these industrial develop
ments will exercise an enormous in
lluence on the Russian mind goes
without the saying, particularly as
well-informed travelers assert that
those who are foremost in these
industries are men who take a keen
interest in the social development
of the people, and nro apparently
as progressive in their political
views as in their industrial opinions.
3Iore than this, the building up of
great industries in Southern Russia
must have the effect of weakening
the political importance of the north-
. ern part of the country. For all
purposes of living, the territory in
the south of the empire is in every
way to be preferred ; and the time
may not be far distant when it i ill
be 'found desirable to abandon the
artificial and unhealthy capital of
St. Petersburg, and transfer the
seat of government to some point
near the borders of the Black Sea.
One who has faith in the concrete
is sure to have it in the abstract.
Miss Cleveland. The concrete gives
general satisfaction. We have never
seen any experiments made with
the abstract. The preference in
rl' ."-. I akL-4 4 I .
. I 4Kr I "" il
PLANTATION LUNA. Apply to
C. BREWER & CO., Queen treot.
The Old Covncr .Restaurant.
(OUNl.tl lin.l.J. AND NUUANlt SIS.
Meals, a." els. Week bo ml, :fl mid
!$4 00. Everything neal and clean.
Mechanical fans working at mod
times keep loom cool nnd pleasant.
11!) lm HOPLEK, Proprhtor.
COTTAGE TO LET.
A nice -I room cottage, within
eniv l each of Honolulu, situ.
SSSHSate at Kapalama.
per month. Apply to
MR9. MAUI A KING.
on tlic -jimmd, or to A. J. Carlwrlglit,
athisolllce. 40 If
Thu ntcinUcs at No. li! Mcr-
ichiint -treet, near the corner of
iFoit street, centrally located
in the business pait of the city. Suita
ble for a LAW OFFICE, or any other
kind of business. Kent low. Enquire
of KR. STANGENYVALD.
Xfll 1). L. AHPHART hereby hill.
1VJL mates that he has this day with
drawn from the llrm of Soyong & Ah
phart, and that he will carry on the busi.
ncss of an Employment Agency, Anglo.
Chinese Interpreting, Collecting Ac.
counts and other Agency Business at
Sun Kim Lung Co.'s, 411 Hotel street.
Jas. W. Robertson,
ACCOUNTANT AND COPYIST.
Books and Accounts neatly and correct
ly kept, also all kind1 ot copying at
tended to. Office with'llustaoe & Ro
beitson. 8!) tf
and Lock Smith,
Bethel St., neu to Pos'-Onlcc.
Sewing Machines of all kinds repaired.
All kinds of light Machinery repaired
on Short Notice-
N.B. Good Woikiiifmship nnd Charges
124 Strictly Moderate. ly
J. A. Mackenzie,
Having opened a shop on
(opposite the Church), is piepaied to
eecuto all orders for
Plumbing, Gas and Steam
And general woik in his line. All
orders promptly attended to, nnd olmigea
strictly moderate. 24 ly
I'nlrotiizc Home Mnmilacliu'c
The Hawaiian Stone Comp'y
Arc now prepared to furnish fresh Lime
in quantities to suit purchasers, and
.satisfaction warranted as to both the
kind and the price.
ALLEN & K0BINS0N,
O.t ly Agents.
Once 31ore to Hits Fronl.
j.. i 3b.ajk:e:r,.
Having returned to the
I-:laiuU, will undcrtnke
to hteak Iloises, either
to saddle or Harness,
cheaper than any other
JUntrdom, and guarantee
Siok and Lame Horses,
Will receive special attention, and lho
bon of Medicine and caio piovidcd.
All orders to bu left at resident o, next
John Itobello'H, Kapalamn. J9 dm
J. A. DOWER,
Ship Carpenter and Boat Builder.
HAS on hand nnd for sale various
bl7cd suif boats, constructed on
an impiovcd pilneiplu of my own In
Vi'iitlon, each fiamc being of one piece
across the keel, Tho frames nro closer
together, nnd the boats nro therefore
lighter and les liable to bilgu in, than
boats of any other build. Each side
plank and guuwalo is in ono piece from
stem to stern, nnd is consequently not
linblo to strain, thcro being no midship
butts. The material and workmanship
nto wariuntcd to be of the best quality.
Mr. Robert Lowers, of Lowers &
Cooke, v, ill attend to thu sale of these
boats, nnd dispone of them at San Fran.
Cisco pi Ices. 65 ly
In lirNt-c!ltiK4 nmunor xmcl pricoN in Hull, the i liiicH.
70 King St., adjoining Geo. W. Lincoln, Contrnclor & Builder, (im
Frank Gertz, 103 fort Street,
kJfiyHHfll bootsTndLshoes ipj
Has received by late steamers a splendid line of
BOOTS, SHOES AHB SLIPPERS,
For Ladies, Gentlemen and Children.
gS Don't IPsxsss
unl Mmilr V rntnim
- I II .Will
Ml I M I 11 I 1 W
I 111 L W11L rwiiiiuuiw
This elegant Rink has been painted
and overhauled generally. The propri
ctor, finding, ntter long usage, wood
unserviceable for Roller Skating, has
after gieat expense, laid a
Patent Gomposition Floor,
And only asks n trial to convince any
one of its great advantages over wood,
for caso in skating, cleanliness, etc.
BQf" Open every evening in the week
from 7 to !)', and "Wednesday and Sa.
tuidny nftei noons for ladies and chil
dren. D. P. SMITH.
HOUSE & LOT FOR SALE.
.'The house nnd premises owned
ana oecupieu ny Y. xj. mc
Wayne, situated on the corner
of "Voting and Kccaumoku streets. The
house Is new and contains tix rooms be
sides pantry, kitchen, &c. The lot is
100x137 feet. Stables, carriage and out
houses on the premises. For particuhii3
apply to AVERY & PALMER,
122 No. (10 Fort street.
Every Description of Job Printing
Executed with neatness and dispatch,
Daily Bulletin Steam Printing Office,
Bills of Lading
MKBli I 'VBaRi -"x Statements
mtSSM Visiting Cuids
Ice Cream Pallors !
:No. S5 i Lot el SStreet.
Delicious ilavorcd Ice Cream made
fiom puio Hairy Cieam, Fruit Ices,
Sherbets Ice Cream Drinks and many
other refreshments can be found alwnys
at this really ilrst-class lesoit. Choice
Confectionery and Cakes in great
Families, Parties, Balls and Weddings
For the convenience of the public we
pack oiders for Ice Cream in Patent
Refrigerator Cans, which hold from 1 to
40 Quarts, warranted to keep its delight
ful flavor and perfect form for many
BSyThc Elite 'Ice Crc-im Pallors arc
open d lily until 11 l'.st. 38 ly
Honolulu Carriage Manufact'y
223 and 2G0 Fort Street,
Honolulu, - - - - Hawaiian Is.
W. II. PA'. K Propiictor.
MR. CHAS. HOYT'S Shoeing Shop
is now rc-opencd. Interfering
horjC3 a specialty. 115 King Street,
comei of Alakca. 29 tf
THE FAST BAILINQ
Mfc. Schooner EHUKAI
will run icgularly
TO WAIALUA' EVERY MONDAY,
Returning on Thursday, weather
For freight or passage apply to tho
Captain on board, or to
Pacific Navigation Co.,
Show Cm dp
fe Shipping Recu'ts
Will be open every nltcrnoon nnd even.
Ings ns follows!
aiomtny. Wortiicmlny, Tlmr.iclny null
To the public In gonetal.
Tuesday niul I'rldny KwiiIiikm. ami
WcilurMilny nnil Hntitrilny
For Indies nnd their escorts.
AMUSEMENTS TO COME I
Giand Carnival Mnsourndc on Sknles,
Four hnndsonm pi lees to bo given
nway one fortho most elegant costume,
tho most oilglnnl, the best sustained,
nnd tho most comical. Tho Grand May
pole Dance will nlso bo given by 10
dancers. All Intending masquers nro
requested to hand In their names and
proruic a pns before Sept. LTitli.
TIIOS. E. WALL, Manager.
rpiIE UNDElfsiaNE!) Is prepared
X to furnish household servants,
collect bills, and do Anglo-Chinese in
terpietlng and a gcnernl agency busi
ness. Charges moderate.
130YONG, 4V, Nttuann St.
Mutual Telephone 270. " 03 Cm
Chas. Brewer & Go's
11OST0X I.IN13 OF I'ACKLIS.
A flrst-r.lnss vessel iill be laid on In this
line to sail in all the month of Novem
ber next, if sufficient inducement offers.
For. freight apply to
CHAS! BREWER & CO.,
No. 27 Kilby street,
Or to Boston, Muss.
C. BREWER & CO.,
Honolulu, Sept. 22, 1883. 131 8w
3. .T. "W-AJCjIEXI, lioprlotor.
Choicest Meats from Finest Herds.
Families and Shipping
SUPPLIED ON SHORT NOTICE
IiOWCHt 3ltvilccl Prices.
All meats delivered from this Market
are thoroughly chilled immediately after
killing by means of a Bell-Colcman Pa
tent Dry Air Rcfiigerator. Meat so
treated retains all its juicy properties,
nnd is GuutANTnnD to Keep Lokoeii
AFTKH DeLIVJTJIY T11AX Fltr.SIILV-KILI-
i:d Meat- 74 ly
THE undersigned, a Committee of Di
rectors ot the Equitnblc Life As
suinncc Society of the United States,
appointed to foimulalc the views of the
Board on the advantages offered by the
Society to the public, report:
1st The Society issues nil tho npprov
cd forms of assurance, including Ordi
nary Life, Endowment nnd Tontine po
licies. It is immutciial to tho Directors
which form of policy is taken by m
2d The Life and Endowment forms
of policy piovlde for annual cash divi
dends and a suirender value; nre indis
putable after three years and payable
immediately after proof of death.
3d The premiums on a Tontine po
licy are tho same as on the Ordinary
Life, but, while tho latter is only pay
able in the event of death, tho holder of
the Tontine policy has the right to draw
the whole of tho reserve nnd the accu
mulated profits in cash at the end of a
btnted period; thus, during his own life
time, after his producing years aio past,
he can, "without any larger premium
than on an ordinary policy, secure these
4th Experience shows that the return
paid in cash on maiming Tontino po
licies approximates to or exceeds the
amount of premiums paid by policy
holders, so that tho nverago cost of the
assurance will be only about the interest
on the premiums.
Cth Tontine policies, like others, are
paid in full in thu event of death at any
time duiing the term of the policy, and
, aro incontestable after three years, nnd
payable immediately after duo proof of
Oth Expci ience shows thnt lho mor
tnllty is lower nmong Tontino policy
holders, ns the better lives seek this
kind of nssuranccs, which is a consider
able bource of pioflt.
7th Tontino policies will bo made
non-forfeltablo under lho laws of tho
State, if so desired at the time tho as
suranco is effected.
8th Tho Tontino system is fair and
just; its accounts are nccurntely kept,
separate from all other business; the
funds judiciously Invested and Improv
ed, nnd tho accumulated profits faith,
fully guarded andpiopeily appoitioned.
0th Tho Society has since its organl.
zutiou transacted a larger amount of
now business than any other company,
whilo its now biiblncss fortho first half
of the present yenr is $1,750,000 larger
than that of tho llrBt half of 1884. It
has Assets of $00,000,000; over $14,000,
000 of Surplus, and its ratio of Surplus
to Liability is greater than that of nny
Cjiau.scmv M. Depbw,
John A. Btewaut,
William A. AViieei.ock,
Ciiaiii.es G. Landon,
IlENiiy B. Hyde,
Committee of tho Boaid of Directors of
tho Equitable Life Assuranco Society
of tho United States.
ALEX. J. OARTWRIGHT,
General Agent for Hawaiian Islands,
Equitable Life Assuranco Society.
VI Queen tSlvovl,
SLenmci "J. I. Dowsott,"
Rob Hoy, Milo Morris, and Josophtnc.
HVlVr FOR HVJIS.
Flue and coaise Puulon Salt j fine
Ivnknako Snlt, In quantities to suit.
Also, largo and smnll tion Water
Tanks. Paints, Oils. Etc., Etc. 3 ly
Pioneer St'm Candy Factory & Bakery
Manufactures all and evety m title iu
Confectionery nnd Pastry and Bread
Bakery from lho best and purest mate,
ilals, guaranteed free from all
Unfftilways on hand all sl.csof his Rich
and Unsurpnsscd Quality of
Enjoying a rich reputation of ninny
ycai!?, nnd aro ornamented in any
slylo (lcslud,aml aro sold ntlhe
Lowest Possible Prices
Unequalled facilities nnd steam enables
mo to sell nil niticlcs manufactured at
my Establishment Cheaper than any
other in this Line of Business. Vanilla,
Chocolnlc, Cocoanut, hand mnde nnd
Mould. Creams of nil flavors at fiO cents
RICH PUFF CREAM CAKES,
at 5 cents each. Mince and Fruit
Pics always on hand.
Pure and Wholesome Bread !
Vienna Rolls, Fnmily & Graham Bread
delivered to any part of tho city. The
largest and most various Stock of Con.
fectioncry can be found nt
Steam Candy Factory and Bakery.
No. 71 Hotel St., between Nuunnu aud
P. O. Box No. 75. Telephone' No. 74.
Beef ! Beef !
The very host quality from
J. Campbell's Honouliuli Ranch.
The Cheapest in the Market.
Hop Chong Comp'y,
No. 45 Maunakca Street.
Delivered to any part, of the Town.
The .Equitable liiie Assurance
Society of the United
i:STAlH.IBHKI IN 1850.
ISSUES Policies on tho most approved
Payments, Endowments; Tontine
Savings Fund, Tontines, Semi-Tontincs;
A". B. C. Tontines; Life and Survivor,
ship Annuities; Children's Endowments,
Joint Life Risks, Partnership Insuiance,
etc., etc., etc.
Policies both Incontestable and Non
Contested claims, none.
Before insuring elsewhere, call and
get an estimate.
It is calculated thnt every reasonable
wibli of the insured is embodied iu one
or more of tho plans.
For full particulars and pamphlets,
AI.i:X. J. CAIITWKM3HT,
General Agent for Hawaiian Islonds.
READING ROOM ASSOCIATION.
THIS INSTITUTION is located on
the corner of Hotel nnd Alakca
streets, directly opposite the building of
tho Y. M, C. A., and is open every day
and evening, SundayB included.
Tho Reading Room Is supplied with
all tho local journals, as well as nearly
fifty of the leading foreign papers nnd
Tho Circulating Library couslsts of
over 8,000 volumes, nnd is constnntly
Tho Reference Library contains a
valuable lino of cyclopedias, diction,
aries, and works of a similar chaisctcr.
A handsome parlor is provided for
conversation nnd games.
The Circulating Dcpuilmenl it. closed
Terms of membership : Signing the
roll nnd paying tho u-gulnr dues, Illty
cents a month, quarterly In advance.
Strangers from foreign countries and
visitors from other Islands aro welcomo
to tho rooms at nil times, but as the
Association has no other regular means
of support except tho dues ot members,
it is expected that residents of Honolulu
who deslro to avail theuiEch'tB of Its
privileges, and nil who feel an Interest
in maintaining an institution of this
kind in our community, will join the
Association and pay the regular dues.
S. B. DOLE , President
M. M. SCOTT Vice-President
H.A. PARMELEE Secietary
A. L. SMITH Treasurer
O. T. KODGERS, M. D Ohniunnn Hall
and Library Committee. 77 tf
, 7. :