Newspaper Page Text
MONDAY, OCT. 12, 1885.
LOCAL & CENERAL HE Wo.
Tiik Kckaha mill is still grinding.
Jin. Thomas lias completed the
btiokwork of llio new Police Slnlloii.
Skaiinm with music for ladies and
children at the Yosemite Rink to
won ow afternoon.
YVaimiu mill has finished grinding
for the season, ft will resume op
erations in November next.
Tiik Royal School boys beat those
of the Fort Street School, at base
ball on Satin day, by 19 to 15.
Tu-.noitnow at 10 o'clock Mr.
Levey will sell the furniture of Mr.
C. 11. Wooluiington, Kukui sticel.
Tm: steamer Lchua made a special
trip to Kawaihoa while to windward,
to get the mail for Honolulu that
was loo late for the Kinau.
Sh:ami:i! 1'Iantpr brings news of
very line weather about Kauai. The
maceration mill was landed atllana
maulu without a mishap.
V. JL C. A. book-keeping clasi
meets at 7 o'clock this evening.
Any young men desiimg to join,
are requested to present their names.
Tm: teachers of the Bethel Sunday
school have their monthly meeting
at the residence of Mr. i$. F. Dil
lingham to-morrow evening at 7. .10
A COMl'LIMKNTAKY COIlCClt is to be
given to Miss E. Gay, of Kauai, by
the Royal Hawaiian Rand, at the
residence of Dr. McGrew this
Ahout 4,000 letters and prpers
were received at the Post Office ou
Saturday morning, by the five
steamers which arrive from Hawaii,
Maui and Molokai.
Oftici:u Marcos caught three
Chinese smoking opium in one of
the wash bouses on King street,
Saturday afternoon, and took them
and their implements to the station
Somi: machinery that came by the
Mariposa for Koloa plantation will
be shipped to-morrow by the steamer
Planter. Some heavy rollers and
other machinery for the same plan
tation will come bv the barkentine
W. II. Dimond. '
Cait. Alburn's residence, Kauai,
has been christened "Angels' Rest,"
and adjoining it is Shcriffi Everett's
mansion. "When Mr. Townscnd saw
the sign "Angels' Rest" lie said it
was "next to profanity." No tc
flection on Mr. Everett.
Juijoj: A. G. Tluirman, President
of the Ohio Slate Museum Associa
tion, has applied to the American
Consul-General for Island curios.
Mr. Putnan will forward all contri
butions sent to the Consulate labelled
witli the names of the donors.
In response to the icqucst of
several young men who desire to
study geomctiy, the Y. M. C. A.
have decided to add such a class to
the privileges of the association,
and have secured a competent
teacher. All wishing to take up the
study aie requested to meet in the
parlor to-morrow (Tuesday) even
ing at 7:15, to consult witli the
teacher and decide upon an evening
for the class.
Cam, and sec our new stock of oil
paintings, engravings, chromos, etc.,
etc. King Bros.' Art Store, Hotel
Street. 1.JG St
Pi:n Mariposa Music Hooks, Pic
ture Wire and Cord, Croquet Sets,
Baby Carriages, School Bags, etc.
lit Wist, Dow & Co.
L. Adli:k begs to inform the pub
lic that he lias received an elegant
assoitincnt of gentlemen's, ladies'
and children's shoes per .Alameda.
Tm: Central Park Skating Rink
will be open overy afternoon and
evening, on Wednesday and Satur
day afternoons for ladies and child
ren. Good piano music. The
Roller Coaster will also be open ou
Saturday night, witli music by the
band. 148 (It
II. II. Baucocic, referring to the
statements advertised by Mr. S.
McCauley that "six pianofortes were
ruined on Kauai by the late expert
who visited that island two mouths
ago," and that the said expert villi-
flcatcd Mr. McCaulcy's character
"to get their work," respectfully
announces to the public that both
the above cited statements arc un
true. II. II. Babeock tuned several
pianos in Kauai, and left them in
good order ; and had no occasion to
employ any villillcation of Mr.
McCaulcy's character to get work,
as his work was ordered beforo he
left Honolulu, II. II, Babeock is
' willing to tunc pianos alongside of
expert No. 2, and leave the quality
of the work to bo judged by the
most competent persons that can be
selected. II. II. Babeock has re
commendations from Koliler &
Chase and A. Benlinm, San Fran
cisco, and Mr. Cooper of Sacra
mento. II. H. Bahcock.
Honolulu, Oct. 12, 1885. 118 2t
PLANTERS' LABOR AND SUPPLY CO.
Satuiiuay, Oct. 10th.
( ASU Pl'l.TIVATION.
Mu. .1. M. HoitNr.u, Chairman of
the Committee on Cane Cultivation,
read the repot t of the Committee.
In enforces the necessity for im
proved cultivation, and attention
being paid to the selection of seed,
a proceeding wbicb.bad lesultcd in
such a maiked increase in the yield
of beet .sugar in Germany. Twice
plowing and twice harrowing, if
well done, was a sulllcicnt prepara
tion for the furrow plow to" follow.
If, however, a giass sod or trash
was turned under at llrsl plowing,
sulltcient lime should elapse to allow,
the trash to decay before the second
plowing, which should be done just
beforo planting, thus getting tid of
all weeds while planting was going
on. The furiow plow was recom
mended for making seed furrows
and ditches. Cane rows should be
between live and six feet apart.
This admits of the free use of the
cultivator without injuring ditches,
etc. It had been found advantage
ous to run a one-horse subsoil plow
in the bottom of the furrow just
ahead of the planters, loosening the
soil from two to six inches, making
a nice fiesh seed bed, the seed to be
planted under the bottom of the
furrow in the mellow soil. July
was the best month to plant below
an elevation of 700 feet; at an
elevation of 1,200 feet or more May
was not too soon. In after cultiva
tion, the report strongly urges the
use of the cultivator, which nearly
dispenses with the less effective and
more expensive hoeing. An exam
ple of this is given in the case of
the Spreckelsville plantation when
raising the first crop. The cultiva
tor was used with great success on
one part -of it. The soil was loos
ened, weeds killed, and drains
scraped at $o an acre, while it cost
another overseer $20 to have his
section scraped witli a hoe. The
weeds got the better of him, and
the cane was stunted. The cane
treated by the cultivator yielded one
ton an acic more than the cane
under the hoeing process. Never
let weeds grow ; put the cultivator
through as soon as the cane begins
to make its appearance above the
ground. Keeping the soil loose and
tine on top by cultivation was, in a
mcasuic, both food and water to the
crop, as it prevented evaporation.
Experience showed that the best
way to care for cane the first six
months after planting was to com
mence cultivating when the young
cane began to conic up, and about
the time it was all up, go over it
again with a cultivator, going around
each row, and each time roll down a
little fresh soil around the cane,
and to continue until the cane was
too large to allow of futther culti
vation. One cultivator would suffice
for sixty acres, rows five and a half
feet apart. ' During the season the
soil thrown out from the seed furrow
worked back, leaving the land about
level at the finish ; the soil would be
loose, and might be freed of weeds
witli very little hoeing. The filling
up of the furrows was only applic
able to rainy regions. This course
was pursued the past year at Kakai
a u with gratifying results. The
difference in labor alone between
cultivating and hoeing was that of
one man to four acres or five men to
one acre. This was a difference
which no planter was justified in
Blighting, not to speak of the benefit
liberal cultivation was to the cane.
The report was accepted and
ordered printed in the "Planters'
Mit. Dii.mxuham read an, exhaus
tive report from the Committee on
Live Stock. The document being in
the bands of the " Monthly" print
ers, we cannot give an abstract at
Mit. Dot.n read the report of the
Committee of Emit Culture, signed
by Mr. J. M. Alexander, Chairman.
It sets forth that experiments prove
that nearly everything in the shape
of fruit prpduccd in the tropics can
be raised here. The cultivation of
the fruits of the temperate zone had
not yet been fairly tested. Some of
the leading varieties were planted at
Oliuda, Maui, at an elevation of
4,000 feet. They havo made a
healthy, but slow growth. Black
berries theto havo grown as well
and yielded as abundantly as in
California. Raspberrios havo been
planted, and are growing well. Eng
lish walnut and Japanese chestnuts
thrive there, and probably might
bo profitably raised in the upper
parts of our forests and on the high
plains of Hawaii. Many of our
fruits might be cultivated by the
sqttaro mile, where now thoy are
barely cultivated at all. The chief
requisite for the promotion of fruit
culture is a facility for marketing.
Fruit drying by the Alden process,
fruit canning, and the exportation
of fresh fruit in refrigerators by
stcamets should engage attention.
Mit. Lycan, on being asked to
give some points on fruit culture,
said he could not give any more
than the report just read. His work
was experimental. At his Kalihl
ranch he had 100 varieties of fruit,
from all parts of the world. He
would be glad to describe them to
any of the numbers of the company
if thoy would visit the rnnch. Mr.
Lyean promised to say more about
fruit culture at a future meeting.
Mit. Dot.t: thought the alligator
pear was going to be the most pro
fitable fruit to raise, and could be
exported to San Francisco. This
fruit may bo picked some time be
fore ripe, and would not be affected
Mn. I.ycan stated he had taken
fruit off seven trees and shipped it
to San Francisco, realizing SI lib 75.
lie had also shipped pineapples to
the same place, and sold litem at
$11.75 and $1.50 a dozen.
WSC'USSION OS 1.A110U.
Mit. J. M. Hokm:k wanted to
know how they stood about labor.
He would like to hear some of the
members on the subject, and have
them state how they get along with
Mit. Bah,i:y said he had been very
fortunate in his experience with
Japanese, probably because he had
some old men among them. They
were tractable and free from sick
ness. They had confidence in him,
and in the evening would come to
him witli their fancy ailments. He
dosed them, and the next morning
they appear at work all right. As
irrigators they could not be beaten,
and thoy were stead' and honest.
Leave them alone and they work
just the same as if watched. They
are a little obstinate in being moved
from one work to another.
Mit. Lidoate said he did not want
any of them. His brother had
fifteen, and on a plantation close by
there were seventy, and there was
not any satisfaction from them. On
one plantation he knew they were
put to the same work as the women
and children, not being tit lor any
thing else. No more Japanese were
required in bis neighborhood.
Mu. Smith said he had got along
very well with his Japanese. There
was less trouble on plantations
where they work in small numbers.
The President stated that his ex
perience with the Japanese was
Mit. BAii.br said he had had a
visit from Inspectors, but he did
not consider they had anything to
do with his regulations.
Mit. Baldwin thought that Por
tuguese immigration should be en
couraged. Mit. Lidoate had four different
lots of Chinese planting on shares,
and found it remunerative.
Mit. TiitntsTON, speaking of Ja
panese, thought the trouble was
largely in the different sets of men
employed. While on Maui, the
past week, he had a conversation
with Captain ' Clark of Kipahulu.
The latter stated that out of sixteen
Japanese on his plantation ten were
professional wrestlers. They gave
performances and collected money.
One of the number was an ex-bank
cashier, a defaulter, who had to
loave liis country. He could do
nothing with him; he would not
work. Mr. Thurston also met Mr.
Kennedy of AYaiakea, who said that
he had never had better men than
the Japanese. Mr. K. W. Irwin,
the Japanese Agent, had not exer
cised care in his selection of the
Mu. Baii.uy did not like the way
the immigrants were selected.
Among his Poituguese he had one
with a broken leg, another a hunch
back, an idiot, and one a very old
man. They were no good. The
men had been sent simply to fill up
the ships. Every planter on his
contract ought to specify the kind
of men wanted, accept them and
Mit. IIoiiNr.it said the matter of
selecting was one of great import
ance. Among his men be had two
with chronic diseases. That was
not the kind wanted. Orders should
bo given for the class of men wanted.
His brother at Kukuihaelc had
twenty Japanese who were un
equalled at feeding the iluuics.
There were four or five gamblers
among them. After they had been
in the Islands a few weeks thoy sent
money home to Japan. Ibis was a
matter of surprise, but not so when
it was learned they spent their even
ings in gambling.
(The report of the fotegoing dis
cussion is from the Advertiner.')
The Convention adjourned till 10
o'clock on Monday.
Monday, Oct. 12th.
The Planters' Company met at
10 o'clock. Mr. BF. Dillingham,
in the absence of the Secretary,
read the minutes of last meetiug.
The list of trustees was corrected to
read R. Halstcad instead of W. It.
Hnlstead. It was also explained
that in the first finding of the tellers
the name of Mr. P. C. Jones was out.
Mr. JcVies, controlling about .1,000
voters, had omitted his own mum,
but upon being remonstrated with
for dropping himself consented to
change his vote, tints effecting his
election as a tiustec. The correct
list of trustees is as follows:
S. B. Dole, II. P. Baldwin, W. E.
Rowcll, U. N. Wilcox, It. Halstcad,
II. F. Glade, It. A. Macfie, P, C.
Jones, J. B. Atherton, L. A. Thurs
ton, W. Y. Horner, J. M. Horner,
W. R. Castle.
Mr. Macfie, after the minutes had
been accepted, rose and thanked
the Convention for the honor of
electing him a trustee, but asked
the favor of allowing him to decline
Tun Pitr.MiiusT said Mr. Maclle's
selection was generally regarded as
a happy one, and hoped he would
consent to remain on the Hoard.
Mr.its Davii.s and Doi.r. having
pressed the President's request, Mr.
Macfie by silence consented to
The auditor, Mr. Atherton, re
ported on the Treasurer's report,
"Examined and found correct."
Mit. R. HAi.air.An read the repoit
of the Committee on Machinery.
The Committee was unable to pre
sent many new fcatuics, although
the past year had been lemaikable
for the steady application of im
proved machinery in a great number
of their sugar houses.
The Jarvis furnace is now re
garded on the whole an economic
improvement, but its doubtful suc
cess in some cases the committee at
tributed to the location of chimneys
near hillside spurs, causing derange
ment of the draught.
The smoke consumer was, in their
opinion, more to be commended than
the Jarvis furnace. By their use
trash brought direct from the rollers
is burned ou common grate bars,
generating an abundance of steam
and consuming its own smoke.
Perhaps the most striking advance
made during the past year is the
double-crushing or five-roller mill.
Mr. Kennedy, manager of the Wni
akea mill, says the automatic feed
for the two-roller mill was the secret
of success with the double-crushing,
and says fm titer that, after the first
mills good grinding, lie can get
witli hot water from the second mill
1C to 18 percent additional juice,
and without water, and grinding the
best he could with the three-roller
mill, he gets from 13 to 15 percent
additional, with the juice i to 1
degree higher density than fioni the
As the trash leaves the second
mill it is dry and looks like chips
and sawdust from a planing mill.
A unanimous verdict in favor of
maceration is attested by the Hono
lulu Ironwoiks working to their
fullest capacity in manufacturing
The double-effect, as an evaporat
ing agent, seemed to be preferred
to the triple effect by most practical
sugar boilers. Its economic advan
tage lay in its utilization of the
waste steam. Tliey predicted lor
the double and triple effect a place
in all well-organized sugar estates.
The apparatus had been introduced
in many altctatious made dining the
Diffusion is mentioned as probably
their next step forward. Little by
little the difficulties were being
ovcrcomo, and sugar cane can be
and is to-day successfully convetted
into sugar by this process. The
question of fuel was themain dilll
culty beie, but one not lcgatdcd as
fatal by the committee.
Mit. Tm:o. II. Dayh:s read the
report of the Committeo on Legis
lation. They had no suggestion of
now legislation to be effected re
garding the enforcement of existing
laws to be more necessary at pre
sent. They believed that the pre
sent labor laws were generally satis
factory, or they should long ago
have had remonstrances or lefusals
of immigration from some of those
nations which have hitherto favored
immigration to this kingdom. Grave
complaints, however, had arisen,
and bOme governments now were in
clined to look with suspicion upon
the mode in which the immigrants
arc treated or neglected here. It
had long been the boast of this king
dom that special confidence was re
posed by the Great Powers in tho
administration of justice in our
courts, while nations larger and of
older civilization had to submit to
tho establishment of consttlav coutts
and other forms of foieign inter
ference. The report went on to In
stance the outcry of a few years
ago against the introduction of
East Indian coolies, because it was
alleged that Great Britain would
establish a local protectorate over
them. Other governments assented
to their subjects coming hero with
out any fresh enactments, but for
some reason steps are now being
taken for thoappointmentof foreign
ers as protectors of immigrants,
without even tho formality of ask
ing that laws be introduced to
authorize such appointments. This
cotirso could only be regarded as a
reptoach to tho nation, a virtual as
surance that the administration of
justice in our local courts is not as
good as it was. As a matter of fact,
they knew that the constitution of
their police and district coinls docs
not possess tho confidence of those
tilioti whose good teport the judicial
reputation so largely depends. The
appointment of magistrates within
tho possibility of coirupt nomina
tions had lowcicd the standaid of
magistrates so appointed. The ad
ministration of justice must be pure
and removed from the domain of
party strife. To this essential end,
the committee recommend that a
Royal Commission be appointed, to
take into consideration the present
status of the police and dis
trict courts, and to make uich
recommendations as shall seem
best for the establishment of the
said courts on a basis that will give
confidence to all classes in the king
dom, as well as to all other nations
with whom we may conic in contact.
Such a commission should be com
posed of the abk"l men that can be
found, without regard to parly or
politics, and if the Hawaiian nation
can avoid having Consular courts
thrust upon her, as upon China,
Japan, Turkey, Egypt and other
nations, and yet retain the increased
inteicnurso with other Governments
and subjects that every year
develops.it will be an immense ad-a
dilion to the prestige which Hawaii
has hitherto enjoyed by interna
tional consent. Softened and
smoothed by verbal explanations as
it might be, the recent action of the
Japanese Government is regarded
as an indignity to the Hawaiian
nation, and compliance therewith on
the Hawaiian side an admission of
Along and neglect.
Mi:.. J. M. IlmtxKit moved, sec
attded by Mr. II. P. Baldwin, that
a resolution bo drawn up for pre
sentation to the Government, asking
for the appointment of a Royal
Commission for the purpose men
tioned in the report. Passed.
Mit. W. E. Rowm.t, was not
ready with the report of the Com
mittee on Transportation, and on
motion was ordered to complete the
report for publication in the Plant
v Mr.. II. P. Baldwin read the re
port of the Committee on Sugar
Manufacture. It referred to the
thorough tests being made in the-c
Islands, at fiVesent, of the macera
tion process, with every prospect
of its establishment. As for the
diffusion process, results were mote
problematical. The report pointed
out the difficulties and the advan
tages of diffusion, and cited experi
ments being conducted on various
plantations. It teemed so far that
the gain in sugar was not etptal to
the los in 'fuel by the process.
With the double and triple effects,
diffusion had a better chance to
succeed than wheu boiling was done
in the open pan. At different mills
results varied, according to the
quality of the cane and the degree
of crushing. The report discussed
other departments of manufacture
at length. A complete abstract is
deferred for want of space.
Mit. LiDCiA-u: read a supplemen
tary report on the same Mibject,
suggested by a letter in the Month
ly. He held that the first step
toward reform was the obtaining of
a good understanding of the present
condition of things. (heat care
was exercised to 'procure economy
yi certain items, while carelessness
ruled with regard to as many and
important particulars. He told of
an automatic meter he bad adopted,
which kept an accurate tally of the
juice passing fiom mill to boiler.
Both reports were accepted and
otdercd to be printed, and a vote of
thanks was tendered to the authors.
Mit. J. M. Ilouxmt thought tho
question wanted further looking
into. They were trying to effect
improvements in every department
of cultivation and manufacture.
Much reliance had to bo placed upon
subordinates, and the latter, parti
cularly sugar boilers, were a some
what close corporation, selfish, and
disinclined to give information to
managers. One manager the past
year had, by vigilant attention,
saved forty tons that otherwise
would havo been wasted in the
molasses, and there was no knowing
how much bad gone that way in
spite of hU watchfulness. He urged
the closest attention to these matters.
Mu. W. II. Baim:y said that, not
being chemists, the planters had to
depend altogether upon instruments.
Hu advocated the starting of an
agency for modern instruments in
Honolulu. As a rule their sugar
boilers were not competent men who
thought for themselves.
Mu. II. P. Baldwin spoke of
ignorance obtaining even among
chemists as to tho component parts
of sugar. Their fault here had
been the leaving of the matter too
much to sugar boller-, and the
remedy was for managers to study
the soionlilio questions involved.
Mu. LuxiATi: disclaimed a know
ledge of chemistry, and said that
science had been too much of a
bugbear with planters. He dis
cussed different polaribcopos, favor
ing the Scheibler.
Mu. Maitip. thought the Laurent
was tho best polariseope,
Mn. G. II. DoLt:read the report
of the Committee ou Fertilizers.
There were no conditions of soil or
climate here, he held, that prevented,
a yield of seven tons an acre being
tho rule instead of the exception.
Weed", vermin and gales wcro men
tioned as the enemies of growth.
In a few localities the virgin soil was
capable of the yield above stated.
If they continued to take elements
from the soil and gave nothing til
telttrn, the soil would soon show
that its resources were being ex
hausted. It was well known that
the cost of a two-ton crop was
greater than that of a five-ton one.
Therefore, by doubling the amount
of the yield, the profits of the
change was much greater than two
to one. Increasing the product from
seven to fourteen thousand pounds
reduced the cost from two to one
and a half cents a pound, thus
effecting a saving of $10 a ton. The
report cited experiments by differ
ent planters with fertilizers. It did
not regard bonemeal as producing
effects to compensate for its ex
pense, although German bonemeal
bad a good result in the juice. Mr.
Dole was experimenting witli super
phosphates and also stable manure
and wood ashes, but considered
sheep and goat manure would be
cheaper still than the latter too.
Fish guano was mentioned as being
very stimulating to the plants the
first year, but apparently because
its ammonia caused them to absorb
other properties of tho soil, thus
leaving the latter poorer than ever.
His conclusion was that the most
valuable, although least thought of,
was stable manure. The report
named several chemical fertilizers,
and discussed their action upon
vegetation. Regarding imported
fertilizers, they bad to be considered
in relation to their adaptability to
different soils and climates, but
there was no exhausted soil on these
Islands that would not bo benefited
by a liberal application of stable
Tho report was accepted and
ordered to be printed.
At 12 o'clock the Convention
adjourned till two o'clock, to give an
opportunity for the committee on
the ramie machine to make their
examination, and the trustees to
SUPREME COURT OCTOBER TERM.
Monday, Oct. 12th.
Messrs. L. A. Thurston, C. W.
Ash ford and It. F. Bickerton ap
peared this morning before His
Honor Justice McCully in connec
tion with the bankruptcy of Henry
Turton, of Lahaina. Mr. Ashford
filed the withdrawal of Ashford &
Ashford from said cause as attorneys
for Turton. Mr. Bickciton asked
that he be entered of record as the
attorney for said Turton. Mr.
Thurston, on behalf of Messrs. JI.
Ilackfeld & Co., the petitioning
creditors in the matter, moved the
Court that the proving of ci editors'
claims and election of assignees be
postponed for one week with a view
to an amicable settlement out of
Court between the parties. No ob
jection being made, the Court
granted the several, requests of the
paitics thereto. A few of the cred
itors, pursuant to notice, appeared
in Court this morning with their
claims, but were told that the matter
would be withdrawn, and that the
postponement of the ease for one
week was merely a matter of form
calculated to give time for drawing
up and executing the papers in
settlement between the parties.
Provincial Fire Insurance Co.,
HiihNcrllirtl Capital : : l,OOO.00
J. T. WATEIUIOUSK, .hi., Agent.
HAVING obtained the services of a
ilisl-class Piauo Timer, we wish
to infoiin tin; public that wamo able In
Tunc and Repair Pianos at fliorl nnliec.
All onion, loft with lis will ho promptly
attended to, imd all work wnrrauud.
10,13 ly WEST. DOW & UP. ,
The premises at No. 4'i Mer-
iclmnt street, near the corner of
ilrott street, centrally located
in the business imrt of tho city. Snilu.
bin for a LAW OFFICE, or any other
kind of business. Rent low. Enquire
of DR. STANGLNWALD.
N. F. BURGESS,
81 King street, : s Honolulu.
tiurnrnter and Jluililrr. IlncKagc and
Drnying and stcumcr Freight carefully
Curriago painting done by a Urst-clnx
wnrkmiin at 78 Kinir bttcct.
Jobbing In above lines attended to with
promptness, and charges according to
the amount and quulily of woik.
Office Telephone, 2f.2. Kuslihuie, 1M.
on King street, seven
I moms, includinc lmlbtooin; a
stablirin rear; artesian water laid; ffont
ami buck yard. Item moderate. Apply
to A. FERNANDEZ,
Hfitf At E. O. Hall & Son'g.
DK. UKINKEMIOFF'S system of
Itectal Treatment. A new treat,
ment for Hemorrhoids, Fistula and other
dUeaies of tho rectum, by a process
sure, safe aud painless.
DH. McWAYNE. 34 Alnkcu st,