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Mn. Bailey said ho had been very
fortunate in his experience with
Japanese, probably because lie had
some old men among them. They
were tractable and free from sick
ness. They had confidence in him,
and in the evening would come to
him with their fancy ailments. Ho
dosed them, and the next morning
they appear at work all right. As
irrigators they could not lie beaten,
and they were stead and honest.
Leave them alone and they work
just flic same a3 if watched.' They
are a little obstinate in being moved
from one work to another.
.Mn. Liihuti: said lie did not want
any of them. His brother had
fifteen, and on n plantation close by
there were seventy, and there was
not any satisfaction from them. On
one plantation lie knew they were
put to tile same work as the women
and children, not being lit for any
thing else. No more Japanese were
required in his neighborhood.
Mn. Smith said lie had got along
very well with his Japanese. There
was less trouble on plantations
where" they work in small numbers.
The President stated that ids ex
perience with the Japanese was
Mn. liAiLKVyd he had had a
visit from Inspectors, but he did
not consider they had anything to
do with his regulations.
Mr. Baldwin thought that Por
tuguese immigration should be en
couraged. Mit. Liixjate had four different
lots of Chinese planting on shares,
and found it remunerative.
M. Tiii)iisro, speaking of Ja
panese, thought the trouble was
largely in the different sets of men
employed. While on Maui, the
past week, lie had a conversation
with Captain Clark of Kiptthulu.
The latter stated that out of sixteen
Japanese on his plantation ten were
professional wrestlers. They gave
performances and collected money.
One of the number was an ex-bank
cashier, a defaulter, who had to
leave his country. Ho- could do
nothing with him; lie would not
work. Mr. Thurston also met Mr.
Kennedy of Waiakca, who said that
he had never had better men than
. the Japanese. Mr. 11. W. Irwin,
"V the Japanese Agent, hail not exer
cised care in his selection of the
Mu. Bailey did not like the waj
the immigrants were selected.
Among his Portuguese he had one
with a broken leg, another a hunch
back, an idiot, and one a very old
man. They were no good. The
men had been sent simply to fill up
the ships. Every planter on his
contract ought to specify the kind
of men wanted, accept them and
Mn. Horner said the matter of
selecting was one of great import
ance. Among his men lie had two
with chronic diseases. That was
not the kind wanted. Orders should
he, given for the class of men wanted.
His brother at Kukuihaele had
twenty Japanese who were un
equalled at feeding the Humes.
There were four or five gamblers
.among them. After, they had been
in the Islands a few weeks they sent
money home to Japan. This was a
matter of surprise, but not so when
it was learned they spent their even
ings in gambling.
(The repot I of the foregoing dis
cussion is from the Advertiser.)
The Convention adjourned till .10
o'clock on Mondaj.
Monday, Oct. 12th.
The Planters' Company met at
10 o'clock. Mr. B. F. Dillingham,
in the absence of the Secretary,
lead the minutes of last meetiug.
The list of trustees was corrected to
read R. Halstead instead of W. R.
Ilalstead. It was also explained
that in the first finding of the tellers
the name of Mr. P. C. Jones was out.
Mr. Jones, controlling about 3,000
voters, had omitted his own .name,
but upon being remonstrated with
for dropping himself consented to
change his vote, thus effecting his
election as a trustee. The correct
liht of trustees is as follows:
ton, W. Y. Horner, J. M. Horner,
W. R. Castle.
Mr. Macfie, after the minutes had
been accepted, rose and thanked
the Convention for the honor of
electing him a trustee, but asked
the favor of allowing him to decline
Tin; Piu:sii)i;nt said Mr. Macfle's
selection was generally regarded as
a happy ono, and hoped he would
consent to remain on the Board.
Messrs. Davies and Dor.i: having
pressed the President's request, Mr.
.Macfie by silence consented to
The auditor, Mr. Atherton, re
ported on the Treasurer's report,
"Examined and found correct."
Mn. R. Halstead read the report
of the Conimitteo on Machinery.
The Conimitteo was unablo to pre
sent many new features, although
tho past year had been remarkable
for the steady application of im
proved machinery in a great number
of their sugar houses.
v S. B. Dole, II. P. Baldwin, W. E.
f , Rowell, G. N. "Wilcox, R. Ilalstead,
k II. I. Glade, R. A. Macfie, P, C.
)jf Jones, J. B. Athorton, L. A. Tliurs-
THE DAILY BULLETIN 8UMMABY; HONOLULU, H. I, WEDNESDAY,. OCTOBER U, 183S
The Jarvis furnace is now re
garded on the whole an economic
improvement, but its doubtful stto
ccss in some cases the committee at
tributed to the location of chimneys
near hillside spurs, causing derange
ment of tho draught.
The smoko consumer was, in their
opinion, more to be commended than
the Jarvis furnace. By their 'use
trash biought direct fiom the rollers
is burned on common grate bars,
generating an abundance of steam
and consuming its own sinoke.
Perhaps the most striking advance
made during tho past year is the
double-crushing or flvc-rollcr mill.
Mr. Kennedy, manager of the Wai
akca mill, says tho automatic feed
for the two-roller mill was the secret
of success with the double-crushing,
and says further that, after the first
mill's good grinding, ho can get
witii hot water from the second mill
l(i to 18 percent additional juice,
and without water, and grinding the
best he could with the three-roller
mill, lie gets from 13 to 15 percent
additional, with the juice $ to 1
degree higher density than from the
As the trash leaves the second
mill it is dry and looks like chips
and sawdust from a planing mill.
A unanimous verdict in favor of
maceration is attested by the Hono
lulu Ironwoiks working to their
fullest capacity in manufacturing
The double-effect, as an evaporat
ing agent, seemed to bo preferred
to the triple effect by most practical
sugar boilers. Its economic advan
tage lay in its utilization of the
waste steam. They predicted for
Hie double and triple effect a place
in all well-organized "sugar estates.
The apparatus had been introduced
in many alterations made during the
Diffusion is mentioned as probably
their next step forward. Little by
little the difllculties were being
overcome, and sugar cane can be
and is to-day successfully converted
into sugar by this process. The
question of fuel was themain diffi
culty here, but one not regarded as
fatal by the committee.
Mn. Tiieo. II. Davies read the
report of the 'Committee on Legis
lation. They had no suggestion of
new legislation to be effected re
garding the enforcement of existing
laws- to be more necessary at pre
sent. They believed that the pre
sent labor laws were generally satis
factory, or they should long ago
have had remonstrances or refusals
of immigration from some of those
nations which have hitherto favored
immigration to this kingdom. Grave
complaints, however, had arisen,
and some governments now were in
clined to look with suspicion upon
the mode in which tho immigrants
arc treated or neglected here. It
had long been the boast of this king
dom that special confidence was re
posed by the Great Powers in the
administration of justice in our
courts, while nations larger and of
older civilization had to submit to
the establishment of consular couits
and other forms of foreign inter
ference. Thc'rcport went on to in
stance the outcry of a few years
ago against the introduction of
East Indian coolies, because it was
alleged that Great Britain would
establish a local protectorate over
them. Other governments assented
to their subjects coming here with
out any fresh enactments, but for
some reason steps are now being
taken for the appointment of foreign
ers as protectors of immigrants,
without even the formality of ask
ing that laws lie introduced to
authorize such appointments. This
course could only be regarded as a
repioach to the nation, a virtual as
surance that the administration of
justice in our local courts is not as
good as it was. r As a matter of fact,
they knew that the constitution of
their police and district courts does
not possess the confidence of those
upon whoso good report tho judicial
reputation so largely depends. The
appointment of magistrates within
the possibility of corrupt nomina
tions had lowered' the standard of
magistrates so appointed. Tlio ad
ministration of justice must be pure
and removed from the domain of
party strife. To this essential end,
tiic committee recommend that a
Royal Commission be appointed, to
take into consideration the present
status of the police and dis
trict courts, and to make such
recommendations as shall seem
best for the establishment of the
said courts on a basis that will give
confidence to all classes in tho king
dom, as well as to all other nations
with whom wo may come in contact.
Such a commission should bo com
posed of tho ablest men that can be
found, without regard to party or
politics, and if tho Hawaiian nation
can avoid having Consular courts
thrust upon her, as upon China,
Japan, Turkey, Egypt and other
nations, and yet retain tho increased
intercourse with other Governments
and subjects that every year
develops, it will bo an immense ad
dition to tho prestige which Hawaii
has hitherto enjoyed by interna
tional consent. Softened and
smoothed by verbal explanations as
it might bo, the recent action of tho
Japanese Government is regarded
as an indignity to the Hawaiian
nation, and compliance therewith on
the Hawaiian side an admission of
wrong nnd neglect.
Mn. J. M. IIonxr.it moved, scc
anded by Mr. II. P. Baldwin, that
a resolution be drawn up for pre
sentation to the Government, asking
for the appointment of a Royal
Commission for tho purpose men
tioned in the report. Passed.
Mr. W. E. Rowell was not
icady with the report of the .Com
mittee on Transportation, and on
motion was ordered to complete the
report for publication in the Plant
er's Monthly. '
Mn. II. P. Baldwin read the re
port of the Committee on Sugar
Manufacture. It referred to the
thorough tests being made in these
Islands, at present, of tlto macera
tion process, witii every prospect
of its establishment. As for the
diffusion process, results were more
problematical. Tho report pointed
out the difficulties and tiic advan
tages of diffusion, and cited experi
ments being conducted on various
plantations. It seemed so far that
the gain in sugar was not equal to
the loss in fuel by the process.
With the double anil triple effects,
diffusion had a better chance to
succeed than when boiling was done
in the open pan. At 'different mills
results varied, according to the
quality of the cane and the degree
of crushing. The report discussed
other departments of manufacture
at length. A complete abstract is
deferred for want of space.
Mn. Linr.ATK read a supplemen
tary report on the same subject,
suggested by a letter in the Month
ly. He held that the first step
toward reform was the obtaining of
a good understanding of the present
condition of things. Great care
was exercised to procure economy
in certain items, while carelessness
ruled with regard to as many and
important particulars. Ho told of
an automatic meter lie had adopted,
which kept an accurate tally of the
juice passing from mill to boiler.
Both reports were accepted and
ordered to be printed, and a vote of
thanks was tendered to the authors.
Mu. J. M. Hoiineii thought the
question wanted further looking
into. They were trying to effect
improvements in every department
of cultivation and manufacture.
Much reliance had to be placed upon
subordinates, and the latter, parti
cularly sugar boilers, were a some
what close corporation, selfish, and
disinclined to give information to
managers. Ono manager the past
year had, by vigilant attention,
saved forty tons that otherwise
would have been wasted in tho
molasses, and there was no knowing
how much had gone that way in
spite of his watchfulness. He urged
the closest attention to these matters.
Mn. W. II. Bailey said that, not
being chemists, the planters had to
depend altogether upon instruments.
He advocated the starting of an
agency for modern instruments in
Honolulu. As a rule their sugar
boilers were not competent men who
thought for themselves.
Mn. II. P. Baldwin spoke of
ignorance obtaining even among
chemists as to the component parts
of sugar. Their fault here had
been the leaving of the matter too
much to sugar boilers, and the
remedy was for managers to study
the scientific questions involved.
Mn. Liduatk disclaimed a know
ledge of chemistry, and said that
science had been too much of a
bugbear with planters. Ho dis
cussed different polariscopes, favor
ing the Scheibler.
Mn. Macfie thought the Laurent
was the best polariscopc. .
Mu. G. II. Dole read the report
of the Qommittec on Fertilizers.
There were no conditions of soil or
climate here, ho held, titat prevented
a yield of seven tons an acre being
the rule instead of the exception.
Weeds, vermin and gales were men
tioned as tho enemies of growth.
In a few localities the virgin soil was
capablo of the yield above stated.
If they continued to take elements
from the soil and gave nothing in
return, the -soil would soon show
that its resources were being ex
hausted. It was well known that
the cost of a two-ton crop was
greater than that of a five-ton one.
Therefore, by doubling tho amount
of the yield, the profits of tho
change was much greater than two
to one. Increasing tho product from
seven to fourteen thousand pounds
reduced the cost from two to ono
and a half cents n pound, thus
effecting a saving of 10 n ton. Tho
report cited experiments by differ
ent planters witii fertilizers. It did
not regard boncmcal as producing
effects to compensate for its ex
ponso, although German bonemeal
had a good result in the juice. Mr.
Dole was experimenting witii super
phosphates and also stable manure
and wood ashes, but considered
sheep and goat manure would bo
cheaper still than tho latter too.
Fish guano was mentioned as being
very stimulating to tho plants tho
llrst year, but apparently because
its ammonia caused them to absorb
other properties of tho soil, thus
leaving tho latter poorer than ever.
Ills- conclusion was that tho most
valuable, although least thought of,
was stable manure, Tho report
named several chemical fertilizers,
and discussed their action upon
vegetation. Regarding imported
fertilizers, they had to be considered j
in luiuuuu to uiuir nuapiauiiiiy lu
different soils and climates, but
there was no exhausted soil on these
Islands that would not be benefited
by a liberal application of stable
The report was accepted and
ordered to be printed.
At 12 o'clock the Convention
adjourned till two o'clock, to give an
opportunity for the committee on
the ramie machine to make their
examination, and the trustees to
Monday. Oct. 12th.
On tho Convention assembling at
at, two o'clock,. Mr. II. P. Baldwin
took tho chair, and the Secretary
read the list of officers elected by
the trustees, as follows : President,
S. B. Dole ; Vice-President, II. P.
Baldwin ; Secretary, L. A. Thurs
ton ; Treasurer, P. C. Jones ; Audi
tor, J. B. Atherton.
A communication from Mr. II.
Berger, Bandmaster, tendered a
concert to the planters.
Mn. Davies invited the Company
to lunch as guests of the town mem
bers, nt the Hawaiian Hotel on
Tuesday at one o'clock, and Mr.
Bcrgcr would be asked to play at
that hour. The invitation was ac
cepted. Mn. Jona Austin in retiring from
the presidency, made some parting
remarks' appropriate to the occasion.
Mr. J. M. Horner complimented
the retiring president for his dili
gence and attention to duty.
Mr. Davies bore testimony, as a
resident of Honolulu, to Mr. Aus
tin's assiduity in his official rela
tions, lie regretted his withdrawal
from the Board, hoping it would
receive his unofficial assistance.
Mr. Austin thanked the members
and promised assistance to the
Board when it was needed.
Mr. A. II. Smith read the repot t
of the Committee on Labor.
Hon. II. M. Whitney read that
of the Committee on Varieties of
Cane. Both documents were order
ed to be printed.
The Secretary read a paper on
methods of cultivation by Mr. F. II .
Austin, which was ordered to be
Hon. S. B. Dole took his place as
Discussion of tiic reports was
called for, and that on Labor was
the first taken up.
Mr. J. M. Horner offered the
following resolution: "Insomuch as
the producers of the Islands are
compelled to compete in the mar
kets of the world for the saleof their
products, and also compelled to use
labor at much higher rates than is
elsewhere used either in Europe,
Asia, or the islands of the seas, for
producing sugar, tints placing upon
us burdens that arc hard to bear ;
therefore, be it
'' Resolved, that we heartily ap
prove the acts of our Government
and what they have accomplished
since our last annual meeting in
bringing and permitting laborers to
come to these Islands, and that wo
urge upon our Government, by this
resolution and otherwise, that they
put forth like exertions for .supply
ing laborers the coming twelve
months, not only in bringing in
Portuguese and Japanese as hereto
fore, but permit tho influx: of free
labor from all countries with a
modification of existing contracts."
Mr. Smith thought the lesolution
should bo discussed and then left to
the Trustees to be acted upon.
Mr. LinrsATE agreed with the last
speaker; the subject was one, of
much importance nnd should bo
delegated to tho Trustees.
Mn. Baldwin stated that in re
gard to the general subject, he
hoped Portuguese immigration would
be given the prominence. 1,1 would
be best if every point was studied.
The Japnneso do not make .team
sters, and that was an imporiaut
matter. Portugueso make, good
teamsters hi fact turn their hand
Mr. Baldwin said thePoitugucsc
contract had been altered and was
now in good shape. The basis was
Mr. Lidoate moved that the reso
lution bo printed and discussed on
Tho next subject was cultivation.
Mr. Athciton rend u communica
tion on soil, from Dr. Martin, which
was accepted and ordered to lie
printed in the Planter' Monthly.
A lcngtlily discussion then fol
lowed on cultivation, after which tho
meeting adjourned until 10 o'clock
Tuesday, Oct. llllli.
Mr. II. P, Baldwin took tho chair,
in the absenco of tho President,
shortly nfter ten o'clock.
Tho Secretary's minutes of last
meeting wero adopted.
Mr. P. C. Jones announced that
the Royal Band would play at tho
Hotel from ono to three o'clock, and
that lunch would bo served nt half
past one, to which lie invited all tho
planters and members of the press.
Tho President called for discus
sion of tho labor resolution pro-
Mtt. J. M. HouNT.it said it could
hardly bo disputed thai labor was
higher hero than in other sugar
countries. In Java and the West
Indies labor was obtained for 10
cents a day, and (he field hands
raising tho beet in Germany got
less than 10 cents a day. 'llu asked
if the Convention was going to ad
journ without asking for more labor,
letting the impression go abroad
that they had enough labor. For
what they had done tho past year
the Government were worthy of the
commendation given them in the
resolution. He considered the Ja
panese had not yet received a full
trial. When the Chines- came
first they were thought little of as
laborers. Objection, had been made
to Mongolian immigration on tho
grounds of Christianity and mora
lity. But place Chinese man for
man t against the renegades from
Christian nations, anil they are
equally desirable as inhabitants.
Their loose morals was generally
what worked against white laborers
from Christian countries. Are we
prepared to saj wo do not want nny
more Chinamen? They produce
three-fourths of all the wealth of
these islands. It is said that tho
while men are being driven out by
the Chinese. If lie, with his Chris
tian schooling and training, could
not compete with a heathen ho de
served to go under. It was integ
lity, ingenuity and skill that gave
the Caucasian the advantage. If
the Chinaman could live on rice at
five cents a pound, white men could
compete with them with beef at two
and a half cents a pound.
Mn. Davies rose to move an
amendment to the resolution. Mr.
Horner and lie usually got along
well together j but the former seemed
to besomowhat like Harold Skimpolo
in "Bleak House." He was satis
lied, apparently, with everything.
The Government had acted ungen
erously with this association. Last
year the company had asked the
Government to give them Japanese
immigration, or, if that could not
lie done, to remove the restrictions
on Chinese immigration. The Gov
ernment informed them that, for
want of funds, they could not as
sure a supply of Japanese. The
Company only asked for Chinese in
default of procuring Japanese, and
therefore lie considered it highly un
fair that this association should have
been pilloried, by the press speak
ing for the Government, as having
been in favor of unconditional, un
restricted Chinese immigration. He
would not say, after all he heard,
that they wanted unrestricted Chin
ese immigration. If the Govern
ment wero as fair with their pens as
in their acts, on this question, he
would bo perfectly satisfied. All ho
objected to was that the writers of
those articles should have misrepre
sented the association. Ho moved
the amendment of the resolution by
the insertion of the words given in
italics below: " Insomuch as
the producers of these Islands
are compelled to compete in the
markets of the world for the sale of
their products, and also compelled
to use labor at much higheir rates
than is elsewhere used either in
Europe, Asia, or the islands of the
seas, for producing sugar, thus
placing upon us burdens that are
hard to bear; therefore, be it
" Resolved, that we heartily ap
prove tho acts of our Government
and what they have accom
plished since our last annual meet
ing in bringing and permitting
laborers to como to these Islands.
and that we urge upon our Govern
ment, by this resolution and other
wise, that they put forth like exer
tions, for supplying laborers the
coining twelve months, not only in
bringing in Portugueso and Japanese
as heretofore, but permit tho influx
of free labor fiom all countries so
far at it can be done without
injury to other national interests."
Messrs. Macfie, Davies, Scliaefer
and Horner discussed tlto clause on
"modifications of contracts" briefly,
after which tlto resolution was put
and passed with Mr. Davies' amend
ment. Mn. Daviei lefcrrcd to the loss
by the Company sustained in the
death of Mr. A. lTuna, and moved
the following resolution:
"Ji'csolvcd, That the Association
desires to express its sense of the
loss it lias sustained by the death of
Mr. A. IJiina, whoso integrity, in
telligence and stability of character
ltavu been always of great value to
(lie Association, and have always
been placed ungrudgingly at our
Continuing Mr. Davies spoke of
Mr. Unua as having been ti strong
man in the struggling days of tlto
sugar industry, and of his line quuli-
j tics as a friend and a man.
Tho resolution passed, and it was
resolved to furnish Mrs. Unna with
' a copy.
lho resolution on Legislation,
ordered to lie drafted yesterday,
was read, as follows:
"Jtesolved, That the Trustees lie
and they are hereby requested to
prepare and prcsont'a suitable peti
tion to II is Majesty, to appoint a
Royal Commission to investigate
the present status of Police and
District Courts, and report thereon
to tho next Legislative Assembly."
Mn. Horner said there seemed to
be sonic opposition outside to tho
proposed action of the Convention.
He .considered tho Company had a
call to do something in tlto matter.
It would not do to have foreign in
terference here. The country should
bo able to manage its own affairs.
Mu. Davii.- did not see what there
was in that resolution to be branded
as an opposition act. He did not
think tlto Ministry wete to blame
for the act of the Japanese Govern
ment. A steamer came here with
agents of the Japanese Government,
and lie did not know if any of them
could have dealt with the matter
with any less difficulty than the
Government had. But what lias
happened once may happen again.
Something seems to lie loose here.
He thought there had not been pro
per inspection here. Our record
was not perfectly clean in that re
spect. At the same time the privi
lege of interference demanded by
Japan could not lie submitted to.
The resolution as amended was
carried without dissent.
Several subjects were called, and
a discussion started on the trans
portation of cane.
A discussion on tlto manufacture
of sugar followed, being opened with
a paper by Mr. Marsdcn, read by
the Secretary. It spoke of the
waste sustained in not looking after
tlto refuse matter: In Jamaica f0
gallons of rum wcie made to the ton
of sugar. Tito author closed by
hoping tlto distillation of rum on
those Islands would receive the con
sideration of the planters at this
meeting. The paper was ordered
printed in tlto Monthly.
The Secretary also read a paper
on cane cultivation, by Mr. E. M.
Walsh, manager of I'aia plantation,
Maui. It went in for thorough cul
tivation and the best of seed cane.
Horse hoeing of weeds had been
abandoned in favor of hand hoeing.
The paper was ordered to be
Mr. LitHJA'ii:, reverting to the
subject of sugar manufacture,
thought rum was made one of the
main objects in Jamaica. He should
prefer them, on these islands, get
ting all the sugar possible out of
the molasses. Rum, if they wanted
to make it here, could bo produced
fiom cheaper stock than sugarcane.
Mu. R. IIalstkai spoko favor
ably of the double effect as com
pared with the triple effect.
Mr. Lidoate was warmly in favor
of the triple effect, one great ad
vantage of it being that it got away
with the exhaust steam.
Mr. W. Goddam: told of the suc
cess of the triple effect at Pahala.
Mr. II. P. Baldwin's experience
was that the double effect disposed
of the exhaust steam even more
effectually than the triple effect. It
was a subject, however, upon which
Mn. G. II. Dole, in answer to a
question by Mr. Lidgatc on cleaning,
gave his method of that operation.
Mr. J. M. Horner did not know
anything about sugar boiling, but a
boiler told him five percent of sugar
was saved by the use of precipita
tors. Mn. W. II. Bailey and others
continued the discussion.
Mu. Thurston opened the subject
of forestry, with an account of what
Mr. Jaeger is doing with trees on
the arid slopes of Makiki, Honolulu.
Mu. W. II. Purvis spoke of the
silver wnttlo tree, valuablu for its
tannin. Its seed .was sown in drills
in Australia. It was a very rapid
The President, Mr. Dole, ap
pointed standing committees for the
year, as follows :
Labor AV. II. Bailey, E. M.
Walsh, J. K. Smith, R. R. Hind, S.
Cultivation G. II. Dole, C. Kocl
ling, A. Lidgatc, W. II. Riekard,
G. N. Wilcox.
Machinery James Ronton, C. II.
Hart, T. II. Davies. W. Y. Horner,
Legislation J. B. Atherton, L.
A. Thurston, T. R. Walker, W. R.
Castle, D. II. Hitchcock.
Reciprocity -P. C. Jones, F. A.
Scliaefer, W.W. Hall, C. R. Bishop,
Transportation R. A. Mat-lie, jr.,
J. M. Jlorner, J. 2s'. Wright, Chas.
Notlcy, G. II. Dole.
Manufacture of Sugar J. M.
Lidgato, Jos. Marsdcn, C. C. Ken
nedy, A. Ilanncbcrg, A. Dreier.
Live Stock J. II. Paty, Z. S.
Spalding, A. S. Wilcox, A. Dreier,
B. K. Dillingham.
Forestry II. M. Whitney, K, (!.
Hitchcock, C. R. Bishop, J. Alex
ander, W. II. Purvis.
Feitilizers and Seed Cane II. P.
Baldwin, E. C. Bond, E. II, Bailey,
R. Ilalstead, Faie.
Varieties of Cane A, II. Smith,
E. G. Hitchcock, W. II. Purvis, G.
C. Williams, G. F. Holmes.
Statistics B. F. Dillingham, W.
F. Allen, C. S. Kynnersley, II. W.
.Mist, C. M. Cooke.
Fruit Culture E. Lycan, Jona
than Austin, C. Koeliing, W. P. A.
Browcr, K. Bailey.
At twenty minutes to one the
Company adjourned till ten o'clock
'. 1 ',"