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THURSDAY, OCT. 22, 1885.
THE ORIGIN OF THE DOLLAR SIGN.
Emion Bulletin : "The question
propounded nt a London dinner,"
was no doubt tllllletilt of solution,
but had the erudite (?) gentlemen
applied to any Spaniard, "the ex
tensive reseat ch" would. I think,
have been prescribed. At the tisk
of destroying the pleasing allegorical
theory of Juno's Serpents, etc., the
pillars of Hercules and the "degen
eration of the sign plus ultra," I
will, with your permission, give you
my theory', one acquired many years
ago at the royal mint in Madrid.
"The sign $ as lepiescnting dollars,
with Americans, and pesos with us,"
said the olliccr, "means just this and
no more: it is used to distinguish
the difference between the paper
dollar and the silver one, the latter
being called sometimes "peso duro,"
or "peso fueitc," . c, hard or
soft dollar, hence ff fnerte, which
as now used arc the two or double
f 's, thus ff for example : T. 0. U.
dies fuerlos, or S10. It is as com
mon an expression for a Spaniaid to
use in speaking of a dollar to call it
a fucrtc or a duro, as for an Amer
ican to call it a silver dollar." You
may icly on the above as acorrcct ex
planation, and I think theic can be
found persons here who will cono
borate the above. Espaxol.
CHICAGO SEWERS AND DEATH-RATE.
As the cholera epidemic in 1819
fiO led directly to the introduction
of lake-water and the foundation of
what is in some respects now the
most magniiicent system of watet
supply in the world, so the repeated
epidemics of cholera and dysentery
led to the adoption in 18.j(! of a
system of sewerage which within
twenty-four years theicafter had
furnished more linear feet of 'ewers
per capita of population than any
other of the laige cities of the Union.
For fourteen years (1843-5C inclu
sive) the average annual death-rate
of the city had been 37.9l"per thou
sand, probably the highest of any
city in the United States ; during the
first fifteen ycai s of sewer construc
tion (185G-1870) the average annual
death-rate was reduced to 23.97 per
thousand, while fiom 1872 to 1881
inclusive the average has still further
fallen to 21. 40 per thousand. And
although theie have been marked
lluctuations from year to year lis
ing to 32.22 in 18(iG, and 'falling to
1G.49 in 1878 on the whole there is
a striking con elation between the
annual death-rate and the number
of feet of sewers per capita year by
year, independent of all other in
fluences. Science (sanitary num
ber). IGNORANCE AIDING CHOLERA.
Although the cholera has not yet
acquired any devastating force here,
there is no doubt that it has taken a
firm hold in 3Iadiid. The number
of cases daily is between thirtj' and
fort'. The well-planned measures
adopted by the authorities the
cleansing and disinfecting of houses
and streets hac ccitainly checked
the march of the disease ; but there
is one dilliciilty thej' have to deal
with which is well nigh insuperable
ignorance. The lower classes
have taken it into their heads that
the doctors have not only brought
the disease on purpose, but that
they are actually paid by some mys
terious agency to poison and kill
people. The other day I walked
through the lowest part of the town,
passing by the Honda de Segovia,
where most of the cases occur daily,
and saw a group of men and women
talking and gesticulating excitedly ;
they were discussing the malevol
ence of doctors who were, they be
lieved, determined to exterminate
the poor. Thus, &ome doctors in
those quartcis who have been inde
fatigable in their attendance on the
poor without any l enumeration, have
been insulted and even threatened.
In some cases the sick refuse to have
a doctor till the disease reaches the
last stage, when it is generally too
late. In other instances the sick re
fuse to take the medicine pi escribed
unless the doctor takcb a dose Hi st.
Of course most of tho doctors indig
nantly refuse to be dosed thus, and
the patient, who takes his refusal as
a pi oof of his .sinister intentions,
does nothing to got cuied and dies.
A scandalous incident occuired yes
terday. A man who was suffering
from cholcia, and who was sup
ported by a charitable womuu, pre
sented himself at the door of the
provincial hospital ; but, as all tho
beds were already occupied, he was
put into a litter and canied to
another hospital especially estab
lished for cholera patients. The
news began to circulnte that the
doctois were going to kill another
patient; ciowds of howling men and
women mobbed tho litter ; the pa
tient was diagged out and made to
run away, while the people held
back the hospital men and police to
prevent them fiom chasing him. Two
hours afterward the patient pre
sented himself or was brought to
the hospital in a dying state.
Madrid, July 20, Letter to the St.
ill "J iUUIViilillltp DUUll) IMJllUlUlUi 1111
BROWN & PHIL-UPS,
Practical Plumbers, Gas Fltkrs
ami Copper-smiths, No. 71 King strcot,
Honolulu. C2T House nnd Ship Job
Work promptly executed 102
The "Daily Bulletin "
Is for Ealo immediately after publica
tion, at the following places:
Messrs. OAT & CO.'S, Merchant SI. ;
Mr. THRUM'S. Merchant St.;
Messrs. WOLFE & EDWARDS', corner
King an(l Nuuanu Sis. :
THE CRYSTAL SODA WORKS, llotol SI.
Jas. W. Robertson,
ACCOUNTANT AND COPYIST.
Books and Accounts neatly and correct
ly kept, also nil kinds ot copying at
tended to. Oulee with Hustace i Bo.
bertson. 80 tf
tier's Stmsbip Co.
Commencing on Monday, October
12th, and tlience on the first Monday
following the airinl of the Alameda
and Mariposa on the 8th and 22nd of
The steamer lOiuiu will make the
Volcano Trip, reaching Kcniihon on
Wednesday morning, giving Tourists
two day, and two nights at the Voletno
When the Slh and 22nd of the month
fall on Monday $.hu Kin nil will leave
SSsT Tickets for tho Round Trip. $50, which
pays all Charges."!!
ThcKinau will arrive in Honolulu
Sunday mornings on Volcano Trips. On
Hllo Trips, will leave Honolulu on
Tuesdays, and Tcturn Saturday morn,
Honolulu, Sept. 11, ISS1,. 124 tf
YosBfflite SMi M,
Will lie open cveiy afternoon and even,
ing as follows:
day and Saturday E enliics.
To the public in general.
For ladies and gentlemen.
Foi ladies, gentlemen and children.
Frhl'iy and Siturdny Eenings; aIo, at
the Tuesday Matinee.
COMING ! COMING ! COMING !
No ember 8th, 1883,
Pro J. .A. J?. ID3XlTJrES,
Being the Champion Boiler Skater of
England, France and Canada, he offers
a Standing Challenge of $1,000 to any
piofcssioaal who will equal him In
Tiick and fancy Roller Skating.
1'roi. uomci-r cxm unions consists ol
ocr 200 mocmentsof the most difll
cult, original, novel and astounding
feats ever attempted, such as bin won
derful spin from one to two minutes
making, from tio to three hundred re.
volutions, and other tilcks too numer.
ous to mention.
2?" Remember Wonders never ccne;
his wonderful nets must he been to bo
TIIOS. E. WALL, Manager.
MELLER & HALBE'S
Ice Cream Parlor
Lincoln's loci, King st.
VEl'lue AHHot'tiiiciit or
Candies & Cake
l AhvnyH on llniid
Tho undesigned having
tnucn cnaigo oi iiaggngo
-Express No. ill, for tho
purpose of earning on tho Express and
Dray business, liopes by pajing strict
attention to business to receivo a share
of public patronnge.
tar Moving pianos and furniture a
specialty. B. BURGERSON.
Residence, cornel- Punchbowl nntl Bc
lelanin Street'. Mutual Telephone !J20.
West, Dow & Co., Telephone 171).
'1 Queen HLrucl,
Stcnmcr "J. I. Dowsctl,"
Rob Roy, Mllo Morris, and Josophino.
gAJLT ITOTl SA.X-.I3.
Fine and coarse Paul on Salt ;
Kakaako Salt, in quantities to suit
Also, large and sinnll Iron Wnter
Tanks. Paints, Oils, Etc., Etc. C3 ly
Pioneer St'm Candy Factory & Bakery
Manufactures nil and every artielu In
Confectionery and Pastry and Bread
Bakery from the best and pin est mate
rlnls, guaranteed free from all
Hasfalways on hand all sizes of his Rich
and Unsurpassed Quality of
Enjoying a rich rcputatioa of many
jcars, and arc ornamented in any
btyle clcsiicd, and arc bold at the
Lowest Possible Prices
Unequalled facilities and steam enables
me to sen alt articles manuiacturcu nt
my Establishment Cheaper than any
other in this Lino of Business. Vanilla,
Chocolate, Cocoanut. hand made and
Mould Creams of all flavors at fiO cents
RICH PUFF CREAM CAKES,
at 0 cents each. Mince and Fruit
Pies always on hand.
Pure and Wholesome Bread !
Vienna Rolls, Family & Graham Bread
delivered to any part of the city. The
largest and most vaiinus Stock of Con
fectioner can be found at
Steam Candy Factory and Bakery.
No. 71 Hotel St., 'between Nuuanu and
Foi t Streets.
P. O. Bo. No. 75. Telephone No. 74.
Ice Cream Pallors
IVo. SB Hotel Htr'Ct.
Delicious llnvored Ice Cream made
from pure Dairy Cream. Fruit Ices,
Sherbet. Ice Orc'.im Drinks nnd many
other refreshments can be found always
at this really Urat-cla'S resoit. Choice
Confectionery and Cakes in great
Families, Parties, Balls and "Weddings
For the convenience or the public we
pack orders for Ice Cream in Patent
Refrigerator Cans, which hold from 1 to
40 Quarts, warranted to Keep lis delight
ful llaor and perfcrt form foi many
Slutual Telephone : : aUH
Hell Telephone : : : 12K
BfiyTho Elite Ice Cream Pallors nro
open dally until 11 r.xr. 88 ly
This elegant Rink hns been painted
and ourlmukd generally. The prnpri.
etor, llnding, ntier long usage, wood
unserviceable for Roller Skating, hns
after greut expense, laid a
Patent Gonipsltlon Floor,
And only asks a trial to convince any
one of its grent advantages over wood,
for ease in skating, cleanllness,'etc.
tOr" Open every eionlng in tho week
lrom 7 to oylt and Wednesday nud 8a.
turday riflen.ooas for ladies nud chil.
dren. d. . SMITH.
Honolulu Carriage Manufact'y
228 and 230 Fort Street,
Honolulu, . - Hawalinn Is.
W. II, PAGE. Proprietor
' IN 110ND.
A Pew Cases Only.
141 J2. J?. AdnmH Ac Co. lin
Provincial Fire Insurance Co,,
MibseilljeilCnpHnl : : l,O00,O0(
J. T. WATEKHOUSE, Jn., Agent.
Now York & Honolulu
PACKET LINE !
MESSRS. W. H. CROSSMAN & BRO.
will dlspntch- about December lt a
first-class vessel from New Yon; foi this
port direct. Meirhants and otheis
wishing to ship by this favoiiteliio
will pknsc forward their ordcis as e.uly
as possible. Very truly, etc.,
CASTLE & COOKE,
1511m Honolulu Agents.
Telephone 210 in both Cos.
LEWIS & CO., GROCERS,
WT mut OO Uotol Street.
NEW GOODS JUST RECEIVED OK ICE:
Eistem Shad, Flounders Rock Cnd, Smelts, Crab', Eistcrn OyMerc, Cain Fiesh
Roll Butter, Cauliflower. Red Cabbages, Bunkci Club House Siusages,
Mallard Ducks, Peaches, Pears, riuin, Grapes, &c A-c.
HorBe Radish, Root3 and Celery, Sis Cliece, Cream Cliccc, Ednm Cheese,
Gcnnan Smoked Sausages, Clcrman I'icMes in Kig, lloll mil Hci rings in
Kegs, Kits Salmon Bellies, Kit-. Mnckeicl,
.VimI ix Complete H.iue ol" JTtuaey .So SLuple Groceries,
Always on Xluntl.
Goods delivcied to Waikiki, Tuesdays and Fridays.
of the Town.
Granite, Iron and Tin Ware !
Chandeliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER HOSE,
ErSouse ICeeping Goods,
PLUMBING, TIHf, COPPER AMD
SHEET IRON WORK.
TTidr ' JHllll P rZm
In first-clasH iiuunier mid prices i.o suit ilie times.
70 . King St., adjoining Geo. W. Lincoln, Contractor & Builder. Gin
Every Description of Job Printing
Executed with neatness and dispatch,
Daily Bulletin Steam Printing Office,
Bills of Lading
7VTR. D. I" AHPUAKT hereby intl.
!X niato3 that he has this dny with
drawn from the firm of Soyong & Ah
phnrt, nnd that he w 111 carry on tho husl.
ncssof nn Emplojmeiit Agency, Anglo.
Chinese Intcrpieling, Collecting Ac
counts and other Agency BuUicss nt
Sun Kim Lung Co.'s, J!3 Hotel street.
Sss will run tccularlv
TO WAIALUA EVERY MONDAY,
Returning on Thursday, w eutliei
For freight oi pistago apply to the
Captain on hoard, or to
Pacific Navioation Co.,
and Lock Smith,
Bethel St., nel to Post-Oillee.
Sewing Machines of all kinds repaired,
All kinds of Light Machinery repaired
on Short Notice
N.B. Gool Woikmnntlilp nnd Charges
121 Strictly Model ate. ly
P. O. Bo 207
Goods delivered to all pints
Show Cards ,
THE UNDDHSIGNBD Is prepared
to funiMi houediold Kcrvanis,
collect hlllo, anil do Anglo Chinee In
terpreting ai.d a general agency busi
ness. Charges moderate.
SOYONG, 4!t', Nuuanu St.
Mutual Telephone 270. 1)3 dm
E. R. RYAI
Boats Built r.nd Ropaircd to Older.
All ItimlH of Bio tit tfntctlul.
Timbers, Knees, Stems, Keel'. AKo, 1
Decked Surf Boat, 1 Large Twelve-Ton
Scow, 1 Four.Oared Racu Boat, 2 Small
Skiffs, 1 Twchc-Ton Sloop In pirfrct
older, with sails, anchois and chains
complete. For sale cluap for cash
Kllaiiea street, Honolulu. 1U31 ly
LIME ! LIME !
Patronize Home Muiinl'ai'l urc
The Hawaiian Stone Comp'y
Aie now prepared to furnish frc.li Lime
in quantities to suit purchascis, and
sitlsfactlon warranted as to both the
kind and the price.
ALLEN & K0BINS0N,
0.1 ly Agent1-.
J. A. DOWER,
Ship Carpenter and Boat Builder.
HAS on hand and for sale variom
sized surf boats, constructed on
an improved principle of 1113' own in.
veutlon, each frame being of one piece
across the keel. Tho frames are closer
together, and the boats are therefore
lighter and less liable to bilge in, than
boats of nny other build. Each side
plank and gunwale is In one piece fiom
stem to stein, and is consequently not
liable to strain, there boing no midship
butts. The material nnd workmanship
aie wan anted to be of tho best quality.
Mi. Robert Loweis, of Lowers &
Cooke, will attend to the sale of ihc-o
boats, and disposo of them at San Fran.
Cisco puces. (jj ly
G. .T. "W-AJUXrerc. Proprietor.
Choicest Meats from Finest Herds.
Families and Shipping
SUPPLIED ON SHORT NOTICE
Lowest Miii-lcel Prices.
All meats delivered from this Market
are thoroughly chilled immediately after
killing; by means of a BUI Column Pa
tent Diy Air Hefiigerator. Meat to
treated retains all its juicy properties,
and is Quaiianield to Kkei Loxgek
AFTl'.ll DKLIvnilV TI1AX Flll'.SlILY-KlM.-
ed Meat. 74 ly
nPHD undersigned, a Committee of Di
X lectors ot tho Equitable Life As
suruncc Society of the United States,
appointed to foimul.iic the views of the
Board on the adantages oflercd by the
Society to the public, report:
1st The Society itsues all tho approv
cd forms of assurance, including Ordl
naiy Life, Ei dowment and Tontine po
licies. It is immaterial to tho Directors
which form of policy is taken by in
2d The Life and Endowment forms
of policy provide for annual cashdhi.
dends and a sin render value; aroindis.
putable after three jears nnd pajnblc
immediately after pioof of death.
3d Tho premiums on a Tontine po
licy are tho samo as on tho Ordinary
Life, but, while the latter is only pay.
able in the event of death, tho holder of
the Tontine policy has the right to draw
the whole of tho reserve and tho nccu.
mulated profits in rash at the end of a
stated period; thus, during his own life
time, after his producing years aie past,
ho can, without any laiger premium
than on an ordinary policy, secure thete
4th Experience shows that the icturii
fiaid in cash on maturing Tontlno po
icies approximates to or exceeds the
amount of premiums paid by policy
holders, so that tho average cost of the
assurance will bo only nbout the interest
on tho premiums.
Gth Tontino policies, like others, are
paid in full in tho event of death at any
time during the term of the policy, and
aro incontestable after three years, nnd
payablo immediately after due proof of
0th Experience bhowsthat tho mor
tallty is lower among Tontino policy,
holders, as tho better lives seek this
kind of assurances, which is a consider
able source of profit.
7th Tontino policies will bo made
non-forfcltablo under the laws of the
State, if so desired at tho time the as.,
suranco is effected.
8th Tho Tontino system is fuir and
just; its accounts aro nccumtely kept,
separate from oil other business, tho
funds judiciomly Invested and impiov
cd, and the accumulated prolltb faith,
fully guarded ami properly appoitlontd.
0 tli Tho Society has since Its organ!,
atlon transacted a larger amount of
new business than any oilier company,
while its new business for tho llitt hull
of the present year is $l,?S0,0CO largu
than that of tho llrst hall of 168). It
has Assets of SfGO.OOO.COO; over $11 000,
000 of Surplus, and its ratio of Surplus
to Liability is gieattr than that ot any
Chau.ncev jM, Dki-uv,
John A. Stuvajit,
William A. WiiEMoci;
OlIAHI.lb O, LtMM-,
Committee of tho Boaid of Dlicctois of
the Equitable Life Assurance Society
of tho United States.
ALKX. J. OAimVRIGUT,
General Agent for Hawaiian Islands,
Equitable Life Assurance Society.