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back to tho ground first occupied,
and nil their present fighting is for
dear life. Military occupation that
does not prevent the massacio of the
occupying troops' countrymen as
appears to he tho caso in Annum
cannot be maintained under u vory
PROSPECTUS OF THE OAHU COLONIZA
IlKSCIMl'TIOS OK KSTATK.
(l!l,L)0 acres in feu simple and
fi2.ii00 acres held under lease, at
present carrying between 12,UUU
and 15,000 head of cattle and 2G0
horses and mules.
A largo area of this property is
suitable, according to locality, for
sugar, rice, vineyards, fruit orchards
and small homesteads, the remain
der being fine mountain sidu grazing
Under the proposed arrangements
of the company to be formed an ex
ceptional opportunity is offered for
acquiring homesteads, by a system
of deferred or gradual payment as
may be agreed upon ; tho whole be
ing within easy reach of Honolulu,
the capital city and principal port,
witli a steadily growing market.
Tho climate is pre-eminently
healthy, the northeast trades sweep
ing across the island for the greater
part of the year.
AVhile there arc no available re
gisters of barometer, thermometer or
rainfall fortius paiticular district,
there is no reason to question their
strict analogy with that of the Nuu
anu Valley, in tho same island, and
in which Honolulu and its suburbs
arc " situated, where the rainfall
amounts to 33.28 inches per annum
from a minimum of 0.91 in March
to a maximum of 3.43 in December;
but these figures relating only to the
lower levels in and about Honolulu
do not by any means represent the
rainfall on the Waianae Mountains,
which is very much heavier.
Thus the temperature may be
said to range from G8 to 85 Fahr.,
varied of course by situation, eleva
tion above the sea, accessibility to
trade winds, &c.
Containing 43,250 acres in fee sim
ple. This land is favorably situated,
having direct communication with
Honolulu by water, distance 10
miles, or by land by a good road,
distance 17 miles, the latter offering
singular facilities for an inexpensive
The water route to Ilonouliuli is
from Honolulu harbor skirting the
reef to Pearl harbor, a magnificent
inlet of the ocean protected by a
reef or bar with 11 to 13 feet, but
inside with from 20 fathoms to 3
fathoms of land-locked, protected
anchorage, fit for all classes of
coasters and yachts. On the west
arm of this harbor Honouliuli has a
frontage of no less than live miles,
all steep-to, with from three to
twenty fathoms in front of it. The
whole fishing rights of this west arm
arc part of the property.
Honouliuli Ranch is bounded by
the sea and Pearl River on two
sides, and extends in a westerly
direction to the divide of the Waia
nae mountains which form a natural
boundary so well defined and so
difficult to pass as to render fencing
on this line unnecessary. But where
Honouliuli adjoins the neighboring
properties, it is securely fenced.
There are twenty miles of five-wire
fence with redwood posts, and ten
miles batten fence, all in good order
and erected within the last seven
(Stretching from Pearl harbor and
skirting the base of Waianae moun
tains southward and eastward is a
plain of about 7,000 acres of rich
alluvial soil, eminently suitable the
upper portions for sugar and the
lower for rice lands. Of these
latter, from 3,000 to 4,000 acres may
bo irrigated by artesian wells, the
elevation above high water mark
being between 12 aud 35 feet. One
well sunk in this district in 1881, to
a depth of 180 feet, lias yielded un
ceasingly 2,400 gallons per hour
On the eastern slopes', among the
foot hills of tho Waianae mountains,
are over 10,000 acres of land, suit
able for small farms, vineyards,
orchards, &c. Several perennial
springs ilow through these valleys
and ravines, and the extensive traces
of taro culture show that in the
hands of the old natives there was
no lack of water.
Wells Imvo been sunk at elevations
from 400 to 700 feet above tho sea
level. Water was fouuit at from 30
to GO feet below tho surface. One
is a flowing well ; on tho other a
windmill suffices to raise drinking
water for surrounding herds.
The ravines of the Waianae slopo
nro narrow and readily lend them
selves to favoring the construction
of storage da,ms for purposes of
The Waianae mountains attract or
precipitate a HUlllcient rainfall in
ordinary seasons for the mainten
ance of tho present heavily-grassed
condition of their slopes, and duo
attention to tho foiestry will enablo
them to carry more numerous herds
of cattle than those which now
fatten hock-deep on the Mnnienie or
The lower and more open slopes
arc suitable for dairy, poultry or
fruit raising. They aro within easy
reach of the main road to Honolulu,
and when peopled must soon invito
tho construction of a railway to the
The sugar cane and rice land of
this property is valued at from $100
to $200 an acre, and may be taken
up in large or small tracts at these
figures ; tho grazing, farm and fruit
lands arc valued nt from $10 to $50
per acre. It is at present intended
to offer some 10,000 acres of llrsl
class agricultural laud for sale, upon
convenient terms, at $50 an acre for
colonization purposes, for -resident
and improving occupants.
TJIU KAHUKU ItAXCIt
Consists of 20,000 acres in fee sim
ple and 5,000 acres Government
leasehold, the bnschold having an
unxepired term of li years, at an
annual rental of $155.
On the estate is a level tract of
land at an elevation of from 10 to
25 feet above sea level, extending
fiom Wnimca to Laic, a distance of
eight miles of sea frontage, and an
average breadth of one mile from
the sea to the foot hills. This tract
is pionounccd by competent judges
to be excellent sugar cane land.
There aro aheady flowing artesian
wells on cither side of this level
tract, while near the middle is an
unfailing spring in which the water
lists to within 2-Jfeotof the surface,
in a column of at least one foot in
diameter, and flows thence to the
sc.i. This proves that an ample
supply may be found fqr irrigation.
There have been offered by rice
growers to the present owner $10,000
a year for 400 acres of this land,
water for cultivation being furnished.
A contract has been made to bore
five additional artesian wells to
comply with this requirement.
It may be incidentally noted here
that in no case on this island of
Oahu has boring for artesian wells
failed if sunk from an elevation not
exceeding 32 feet above sea level.
There arc about 15,000 acres of
land suitable for fruit, small farms,
or pasture, on the Kahuku property,
estimated ns salable for coloniza
tion purposes at from $15 to $30
KAWA1I.OA AND WAIMKA KANCHES
Contain 23,000 acres surveyed land,
and about 20,000 acres unsurveyed,
all held on lease having an unex
pired term of 24 years, at a yearly
rental of $2,200. This rental is at
present reduced to $1,700 by sub
letting a few acres of taro (wet)
land. There arc 3G miles of new
5-feet wire fence set on California
redwood posts. It is further sub
divided into paddocks of from 200
acres to 4,000 acres each, .enabling
the proprietors to pass their stock
from one feeding ground to another
as may be advisable.
This land is well adapted through
out for fruit growing or pastoral
purposes. There are several wells
with windmills on them to supply
water for stock. One reservoir of
this kind has been built nt the Ka-
wafloa Ranch with a retaining wall
150 feet in length, 100 feet thick at
bottom, 5 feet at summit, capable
of storing 1,127,500 cubic feet of
water, for an outlay of $2,250. This
indicates what may be done at the
lvawailoa and Waimea Ranches
adjoin Kahuku, and together form a
compact property containing 72,500
acres of land. The Honouliuli pro
perty is distant about twelve miles,
but is connected with them by an
excellent road. These properties
have at present GO miles of good
fencing. The land is well grassed,
with a fair proportion of timber
throughout. Live stock of all kinds
thrive and fatten on the pastures,
and-by increasing the number of in
closed paddocks and working the
combined estates systematically the
number of cattle and horses on the
land might be largely increased.
The number of cattle, 12,000 to
15,000, now on tlicso estates has
been already mentioned, also 2G0
head of horse stock and mules, to
gether valued at $312,000. The
horned cattle arc bred from "Here
ford" and "Short-horn Durham"
imported for these estates, and they
thrive and fatten without any stall
feeding or housing.
Tho horse stock is exceptionally
good, one sire, "Shenandoah,"
having won over $20,000 as a two-year-old
in the United Stntes. There
aro also three trotting stallions, two
of which cost $1,000 each, and there
arc unbroken colls aud (lilies from
these sires, somo four or five years
old, which may be readily broken
for saddle or harness.
These properties, if united, would
give the proposed company a con
trolling interest in tho Honolulu
market, for produco of all kinds,
with a fatcudily increasing demand j
to which tho contracts recently en
tered into by the Pacific and Oceanic
Steamship Companies may prove n
valuable stimulant. Indeed it Is
possible to create a trade with San
Francisco for carcases of beef and
mutton carried in refrigerating
chambers by tho Oceanic Steam
ships. The income from these estates nt
present, including leases, is $70,000
a year. Moderate calculations show
that tlicso figures might be nearly
Tho fishing rights on Pearl harbor
pertaining to the Honouliuli estate,
now leased for a short term at
SI, 700, can be rented nt $2,500 on
tho expiration of the present lease.
A limestone quarry on tho Hono
uliuli property at present pays n
small annual rent, and a royalty ou
the lime produced. The cntiro de
mand for this kingdom may be sup
plied from this quarry, instead of,
ns hitherto, importing lime from
California. The builders of Hono
lulu consider this lime superior in
quality and preferable to the Cali
fornian ltmc. Thcro is also a flno
limestone quarry on Kahuku Ranch.
Tho five mile frontage on Pearl
harbor spoken of suggests a town
site for a summer resort there, the
facilities for yachting and boating
being unsurpassed, while the climate
is all that can be desired.
A vast variety of fruit or timber
trees grow with extraordinary rapid
ity. The whole Eucalyptus family,
the algaroba or locust tree (pscudo
accacia), the tamarind, "alligator
pear," guava, bread fruit, &c.
Citrous fruits especially thrive with
out care or cultivation. Many orna
mental woods known as koa, kou,
ohia, &c, grow well. India-rubber
(caoutchouc), quinine (cinchona),
and perhaps above all the ramie will
flourish, each in its suitable locality,
which may be found on these
Proposed plan for forming a Joint
Stock (Jompuny to purchase, sub
let, sell or tcori these JE states.
It is proposed to form a Joint
Stock Company to buy the proper
lies described below, both freehold
and leasehold, to divide them for
purchase or lease on convenient
terms, and to work the unsold or
unlcnsed portions for the benefit of
the shareholder. t
Property consisting of
0:1,250 acres in fee 9 S'J-2,250
Capitalized value of leased land
52,r00 acres U."),750
15,000 head cattle at twenty
dollars each 300,000
200 head horcs, &c 12,000
The Company's stock
12,000 shares of $100 each
8,000 of said shares
value $100 each
to be offered for sale; and
4,000 of said shares, par
value $100 each
To be held by the promoters of
the Company, viz., Jas. Campbell,
Esq., owner of the Honouliuli and
Kahuku estates; Jno. II. Patv,
Esq., of Messrs. Bishop & Co.,
Bankers, principal owner of Kawai
loa and Waimea estates ; M. Dick
son, Esq., and J. G. Si'kxcer, Esq.,
part owners of Kawailoa aud Wai
mea ranch ; Mr. B. F. Dili.ist.iiam,
President Pacific Hardware Co.
As soon as 8,000 shares of the
capital stock have been subscribed
for by responsible persons, the Com
pany will be incorporated and the
Receipts from the sale of the stock
will be paid over to the owners of
the properties. Deeds, leases, and
bill of sale of landed property and
of live stock to be placed in the
bauds of the officers of the Company
appointed to receive them.
The following gentlemen have
consented to accept office :
President, J a jii:s Campbell; Vice
Preiidcnt, J. II. Paty; Secretary
and Treasurer, Godfhky Bitowx.
The following gentlemen have con
sented to be nominated for Dircc
toi s :
J. II. Paty.
S. G. WlLPEK.
A. J. C-AHTWKinilT.
W. F. Allen.
S. B. Dole.
B. F. DlLLIN'OIIAM.
W. Austin Wiiitiso.
W. R. Castle.
B. F. Dillinuham.
Sub-Manager, M. Dickson.
Thu opening of tho Kapiolani
Home for leper children took place
to-day with appropriate ceremonies.
Tho building 1h a neat well finished
two-story structure. Tlio interior is
divided into four apartments: the
school room und refectory ou tho
lower lint, and two elegantly ap
pointed dormitories on tho upper.
One of these dormitories is for the
use of children on whom no symp
toms of leprosy can be detected.
These rooni9 aro absolutely inde
pendent of each other, each having
its own closets nnd entrances, so
that contact between the infected
it lid non-infected will be avoided.
A guard of honor, composed of
the Queen's Own Volunteers, com
manded by Captain O'Connor, pa
raded in front of tho building and did
tho military honors of tho occasion.
Tho leper children were seated on
benches in an open building in front
of the audience room. In the same
building wns stationed the Royal
Hawaiian Band playing in their
usual unsurpassable style, grand
accompaniments to the soveral
pieces on the programme. There
were present Their Majesties the
King and Queen; Their Royal High
nesses tho Princesses Llliuoka
lani, Likclikc, Kaiulani, Pomaike
lani; His Majesty's Chamberlain
and Vice-Chamberlain, His Ei. W.
M. Gibson, Minister of Foreign
Affairs and President of the Board
of Ilenlth; and other members of
the Board of Health, Hon. A. S.
Clcghom, Hon. Curtis Inukca and
Hon. Paul Neumann; Mrs. Neu
mann, Mrs. Gulick, Mrs. Kapena
and Miss Kapena, Major Holt
and Major Rosa; His Ex. U. S.
Minister Merrill and lady; His
Honor Justice McCully; the Angli
can Bishop and lady; tho Right
Rev. the Bishop of Olba ; Mr. J.
Nakaniura, Japanese Consul; Rev.
Mr. Wallace, Rev. Mr. Groser and
Mrs. Groser; Pastor Cruzan, Rev.
J. Waiamau, cx-Modcrator- of the
Hawaiian Evangelical Association;
Rev. Father Leonor, Rev. Father
Sylvestrc, Rev. Father Clement;
Hon. II. M. Whitney and Mrs.
Whitney, Hon. W. J. Smith, Hon.
W. C. Paike and Miss Parke, Hon.
J. Kcau, Hon. R. H. Parker; Mar
shal Sopor and Mrs. Sopcr, Mr,
and Mrs. Haysclden, Mrs. S. G.
Wilder, Captn. and Mrs. Tripp,
Mr. aud Mrs. J. D. Strong, Dr.
E. Arning, Dr. M. Goto, Dr.
E. C. Webb, Prof. W. D. Alexan
der, Mother Superior Marianne,
formerly Mother Superior of the
Franciscan Convent of St. Anthony,
Syracuse, N. Y., and six Sisters;
Miss Gardinicr, Mrs. Ailau, Mrs. J.
A. Hopper and Miss Hopper, Mrs.
J. M. Damon, Mrs. A. T. Atkinson,
Miss von Holt, S. M. Dnraon, F. W.
Damon, Mark P. Robinson, W. W.
Hall, Jos. M. Pocpoe and Mrs. Poe
poe, J. Wahineaua and Mrs. Wahi
ncaua, J. W. Naukunaand daughter,
J. S. Kckukahiko, B. Kaaua, II.
Kaumialii, L. Naatiao, Pekelo, J. P.
Hanaaumoe, J. S. Knpolcna, A. P.
Kalaukoa, T. lieu, D. W. Pua, J.
Akima, J. Kanui and others.
A prayer was read by the Bishop
of Olba, and the leper children sung
"Long Live the King" (E Ola ka
The speech of the day was
delivered by His Excellency tho
President of the Board of Health,
first in native and then in English.
His Excellency reviewed the history
of the philanthropic measures which
liavc been taken to mitigate the
severity of the disease of leprosy
and to provide for the unfortunate
people stricken with it. Reference
was made to the fact that one-tenth
of the revenues of the Hawaiian
Kingdom is appropriated to the pur
poses of the Board of Health. The
leper children then sung, with good
spirit, "Pull for the Shore." The
keys of the Home were formally
presented to Her Majesty Queen
Kapiolani, as Lady Patroness, at
whose command the Homo was then
declared open for the purposes for
which it is intended. Her Majesty
thereupon handed the keys to tho
Lady Superioress Sister Marianne.
Next followed "The Hawaiian
Lepers' Hymn," tho singing of
which by the children would have
done credit to a professional troupe.
The hymn was on the programme in
English and native, the Hawaiian
version having been composed by
His Majesty the King, and is as fol
Tlie Almighty's chastening hand,
A sore ntllictiou sends;
lint trusting still we feel
His wrath with mercy blends.
Tho ChrKt: His 1lcsed Son
Tho Lepers' woo did feel :
He touched tho unclean sores
Tli' Incurable did heal.
Ascended to His Throne
He gees us from above.
Feels for onr woes and scuds
His .Messengers pf Love.
They come Good Sisters come,
Their love for Christ to prove
And soothe our stricken uearis
With Heaven's dlvtnest Love.
These mercies from on High
With which our lot is blest,
Make strong In us the hope
Of Heaven's eternal lest.
Our Klnc and Queen aud Chiefs:
Hawanans every whete;
Unite with loving hearts
In this our hope and prayer.
The Rev. J. Kauwa, an inmate of
tho Branch Hospital, was down on
tho nrofrrniniuo for an address to
their Majesties the King and Queen,
but was not well enough to appear.
Tho hymn "Home Sweet Homo"
followed and was beautifully sung.
The Lady Superioress was hero
called to the front and presented by
His Majesty tho King with tho
Decoration of tho Order of Kapio
lani. The proceedings were brought
to a close with Hawaii J'onol by tlio
Hand. At tho invitation of Ills
Excellency the President of
the Board of Health, the audience
adjourned to tho rofcutory, where
an excellent collation was
served, from which everyone went
nway well pleased at tho inaugura
tion of another of the many institu
tions of Christiun and national
philanthropy on tho Hawaiian Is
lands. Nov. 9th.
NEW LOT Of
.4JLU OTTJSie, JEIMC33:ROIXEBt,Y
Just Opened at
CHARLES J. FISHEL'S
Corner Fort and
(Formerly with Samuel Nott).
Importer Jintl Dealer in
STOVES, CHANDELIERS, LAMPS,
CROCKERY, GLASSWARE, HOUSE FURNISHING HARDWAllE,
AGATE IKON AKD TINWAHE.
Agent Hall's Safe and Lock Company.
Beaver Block, - Fort Street.
13F Store formerly ocqipied by S
Pacific Hardware Company
Successors to Dillingham & Go. and Samuel Nott.
FORT STREET, : : : : : : HONOLULU
Signal Oil, Soiling Now for Carriage Lamps.
Rest Quality Blue Mottled Soap. Extra Grocer Soap,
u Superior Article.
8Qr Fire Proof Sales, Closing Out at liotv Prices, -a
Full Lilies of Goods upon Most Favorable Terms.
Telephone 210 in both Cos.
LEWIS & CO., GROCERS,
07 unci OO JXotol Wtrcol.
NEW GOODS JTJST KECEIVED ON ICE:
Easturn Shad, Flounders. Rock Cod, Smelts, Crabs, Eastern Oysters, Cala Fresh
Roll Butter, Cauliflower. Red Cabbnpci, Bunker Club Houeo Sausages,
Mallard Ducks, Peaches, Pears, Plums, Grapes, &c &c.
Iloi'ae Radish, Roots and Celery, Swies Cheese, Cream Chcctc, Ednm Cheese,
German Smoked Sausni-es, German Pickles in Kegs, Holland Herrings in
Kegs, Kits Salmon Bullies, Kit Mackerel,
.VimI n Complete J-.ine oi "Fancy &" (Staple Groceries
Always on Hnnd.
Goods delivered to WniklKI, Tuesdays and Fridays. Goods delivered to all parts
E. G. SGHUMAN,
Oarriasre and Wajyon Maker
In lirHt-clUHH maimer- and prlcoN to Mitit the times.
70 King St., adjoining Geo. W. Lincoln, Contractor ife Builder. Cm
Granite, Iron and Tin Ware 1
Chandeliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER HOSE,
House Keeping Goods,
PLUMBING, TIN, COPPER AN
993 SHEET IRON WORK.
opposite Sprockets &. Co.'s Bank.
P. O. Box 207
rJCi-i mm 1 u i,
. No. u Kaaliiiai Street
mm i -JPw '