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Transact a General Banklug Business.
to gnMjj gaiUriht,
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THURSDAY, NOV. 19, 1885.
THIS EVENING'S DOINCS.
Yoscmitc Skating Rink 7.
Central Park Skating Rink, 7.
Mystic Lodge, K. of P., 7:30.
A WORTHY TRIBUTE TO CRANT.
Gen. Logan's Addkess at tue
Ghand Ahmv Memouial Sukvicks.
Lndics and Gentlemen: Of Gen.
U. S. Grant's early history I nm not
prepared to speak. Of it I know
nothing. Until in June, 1861, he
wns a 9trangcr to me and I to him.
I then met him in Springfield, the
Capitnl of the State of Illinois.
Sumter had fallen, and the first flush
of victory had inspired the rebels
with audacity and daring. The
President of the United States had
called upon the Governors of the
States for volunteers, with whom to
march against armed rebellion, in
order that the honor of the Union
might be maintained and popular
Government perpetuated for the
benefit of the present and coming
generations. This appeal had met
in the North, with such an outpour
ing of loyal men in behalf of the
country that the fires of patriotism
were re-kindled, and burned so
brightly upon the mountain top, on
the prairies, and in the vales that
like the rushing flames in fired
stubble they swept everything be
fore them. When I met Grant he
was assisting the Governor of my
own State in organizing her patri
otic sons who were flocking to the
Union standard that they might be
led against the enemy. It was at
this time that the 21st 111. was or
ganized from troops who had enlisted
for three months, but had not passed
beyond the borders of the State.
They were hesitating as to their re
enlistment. All of them being from
the Southern part of the State, whero
I then resided, and with the most of
whom I was acquainted, I was in
vited to go to their camp and ad
dress them, with the view of in
ducing them to re-enlist. I did go,
and made to them a speech as best
I could, describing soldiers who
would see service and wear scars of
battle upon their persons, aud those
who remained near their own homes,
where no danger awaited them.
Other addresses were made. Grant
listened, but spoke not. The regi
ment re-enlisted, and he was then
and there made its Colonel. This
was the starting point of his wonder
ful military career. From this time,
while Grant lived, we were close
friends. Grant took command of
his regiment and marched under
orders into Missouri. He was soon
thereafter made Brigadier-General,
ranking from the 17th day of May.
During this time I was engaged in
raising a regiment which wus num
bered the 31st 111. infantry.
Under orders I was sent to Cairo,"
111., where my regiment formed a
part of a brigade that became a
portion of Grant's first important
command. Cairo was now his head
quarters, where he employed all his
time and energy in organizing and
disciplining his troops. Wooden
steamboats were converted into iron
clads for offensive and defensive
purposes. The sound of riveting
the iron sheet? and the ringing of
the hammer on the anvil and the
light of the forge could be seen and
heard both by day and night in
grand preparation for "grim-visnged
war." On the 7th day of Novem
ber, 18G1, Grant fought the battle
ot Jielmont, where he achieved a
great victory against fearful odds.
In February following ho moved up
the Tennessee River and, in connec
tion with the gunboats under com
mand of Commodoro Foote, ad
vanced upon and attacked Fort
Henry, which fell into his hands.
He at once moved forwnrd against
Fort Donelson, where the uncondi
tional surrender of the enemy's army
of 15,000 men, 05 pieces of artillery,
17,000 8inall-armg, with enormous
military supplies, gave Grant a great
name as a military genius throughout
the land and started him on his road
to future glory. It was the demand
made by him ou the commander of
that stronghold for an unconditional
surrender that fastened to hi m the cog
nomen of "Unconditional Surrender
Grant," by which he was afterward
usually designated and known to all
officers and soldiers, as well as
citizens, throughout the war of the
After this great aohlcvomcnt and
his promotion to Major-Gcncral, by
tho jealousy and littleness of his
superior officer, who commanded
the departmont at that time, Gen.
Halleck, Grant was held at Fort
Henry, the nest thing to an abso
Into prisoner. It waB understood in
many quarters at this time that
Gen. Grant contemplated sondlng
his resignation to the President.
The enemy, however, under Gens.
Albert Sydney Johnston, Beaure
gard and others, having concen
trated all the force they could col
lect in the West nt the strategic
point of Corinth, Miss., in order to
meet tho contemplated advance of
the Army of the Tennessee, now
located at three points, Pittsburg,
Savannah and Crump's Lauding, on
tho banks of the Tennessee River,
he was permitted again to take com
mand of it. The forces of the army
at that time numbered not more
than 23,000 men. On the Cth of
April, at Pittsburg Landing, his
army was assaulted by the rebel
forces under Johnston, estimated at
over 50,000 men. The battle raged
on all parts of the field from early
inorn till darkness closed in over
the scene. When the battle closed
on that evening the enemy were in
possession of all our camps. Both
sides were, however, very much
demoralized. During the night Gen.
Lew Wallace, with 7,000 men, ar
rived on the field from Crump's
Landing; also the Army of the
Center, commanded by Buell, with
20,000 men, crossed the Tennessee
River, so as to be ready for action
the next day. Grant had his line
readjusted that night, and every
thing in position for an early ad
vance, which he had ordered for
the next morning. Johnston, the
commander of the rebel army, had
fallen on the battlefield on the Cth.
Beauregard was now in chief com
mand. On the morning of the 7th,
at early dawn, our forces moved
forward to the contest. The battle
began, and raged fiercely, the ad
vantage through the day being
somewhat in our favor until about
I o'clock in the afternoon, when
Grant in person led his hosts in a
gallant charge, recapturing our old
camp and driving the enemy pell
mell from the Held. The enemy
were in full retreat upon Corinth.
Our army was filled with joy, and
with shouts of triumph and victory
bore the old starry banner of the
Republic once more to the front.
Gen. Halleck now came to Pitts
burg Landing and took command of
the army, placing Grant in a posi
tion unassigncd, where he had no
command whatever. Ilalleck's jeal
ousy of Grant was so strongly ex
hibited that it was noticeable by all.
Grant was not even asked for
suggestions or consulted as to any
movements to be made. His sol
dierly qualities under these circum
stances were sorely tried. In fact,
he was under a cloud ; no one could
exactly explain or understand why.
He again contemplated sending hi3
.resignation, but after coolly and
quietly considering the matter his
better judgment prevailed. We
now, under command of Gen. Hal
leck, commonly known in the army
as "Old Brains," moved upon
Corinth by a succession of intrench
ed and fortified approaches, but so
quietly and slowly that our array
continued to augment until we had
grown to be an army of over 100,000
men. The enemy was estimated at
about the same number.
The advice to our commander to
attack the enemy either on his left
or right flank was unheeded. The
information given Grant, and by
him to the commanding officer, that
the enemy were evacuating their
position, was laughed at by Halleck.
I had myself become so thoroughly
satisfied from information I .could
not doubt that Beauregard was with
drawing his whole force and eluding
Halleck that I asked permission to
move forward with my command,
which at that time was one division.
Finally, when Beauregard withdrew
from the front of Halleck, it was
done so quietly that when Corinth
was entered there was hardly a trace
of the enemy left. Halleck was
soon thereafter ordered to the East
and General Grant again placed in
command ofthe Army of the Ten
nessee. But his forces were so
scattered up and down railroads and
at different points, by the disposi
tions made by the commanding Gen
eral of the Department prior to his
leaving, that his army amounted to
a. very small force at any ono point.
Soon Buell and Bragg started on a
race through Tennessee and Ken
tucky, marching at times on parallel
roads and within hearing of each
other. Grant was left to guard
Buell's communications. Finally,
when relieved from this duty, ho
defeated Price nt Coriuth and on tho
Hntchie and advanced south through
La Grange and Oxford, and drove
the enemy into the central part of
the State of Mississippi. After this
success ho was, under peremptory
orders from Halleck, compelled to
raako a retrograde movement. Prior
to receiving this order he had sent
Sherman upon an expedition against
Vicksburg with 30,000 men, Intend
ing to have moved on himself down
through the central part of tho
State In the rear of Vfckeburg,
thereby cooperating with Sherman's
force. Sherman's expedition failed.
Grant now moved wl h all tho avail
able force he had to Millikcn's Bend,
just abovo Vicksburg. At this lime
ho bad within his department about
120,000 mon, whom ho organized
into Army Corps, numbered respec
tively Thirteenth, Fifteenth, Six
teenth, and Seventeenth, which were
commanded respectively by McCler
nand, Sherman, Hurlbut, and Mc
Pherson. Hurlbut's Corps and part of Mc
Clcrnnnd's were left at Memphis
and other points on the river that
his communications in the rear by
way of the river should be kept open.
The remainder of tho Thirteenth and
the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Corps
were put in camp at Lake Provi
dence, Milliken's Bend, and Young's
Point, just below and opposite
For months he was engaged in
cutting canals at Luke Providence
and opposite Vicksburg and else
where, at the same time sending out
expeditions in various directions
over the country to ascertain, if
possible, if there was any way to
secure a foothold somewhere on the
Yazoo River, above Maine's Bluff,
so that an advance, might be made
by dry laud on the north against
Vicksburg. But in all of these
movements a failure was tho result.
About this time many people in the
country began to lose confidence in
Grant and clamor for his displace
ment. The President of the United
State?, however, heeded not the
clamor of the multitude. Having
implicit confidence in Grant, he said
to those who came to him that he
would trust him "a little longer."
About this time Grant determined
upon a plan which' was recognized
by the military authorities of the
country as wholly unmilitary and
dangerous. They believed that it
was military suicide and against all
science of war. It was a movement,
however, full of audacity and in its
results showed the genius of the
man planning it. He abandoned all
his lines of communication and
moved rapidly down the west side
of tho Mississippi River to Bruens
burg, a point four miles below
Grand Gulf. At the same time he
loaded seven transports with sup
plies, and manned them with men
selected from my command, then
the Third Division' of the Seven
teenth Corps, and ran them by
the batteries of a hundred guns
which vomited forth their fire and
iron hail at them as they passed by.
All passed safely except one. This
being accomplished, he crossed the
river, moving rapidly upon Port
Gibson, where he met the eneury
and defeated him. His forces
amounted to 31,000 men, less in
number than the enemy held encir
cling Vicksburg inside their works.
In rapid succession came the vic
tories of Raymond, Jackson, Cham
pion Hills, Black River, and the
investment of Vicksburg. At Cham
pion Hills the enemy received the
severest defeat in its results that
they had yet received up to that
time. Halleck had written a letter
to Grant directing him to leave
Vicksburg alone and move clown to
Port Hudson and assist Banks: he
(Banks) being his superior officer,
would then have been in command
of the combined forces. After
Port Hudsou should fall Halleck
suggested that he should assail
Vicksburg. Ilalleck's letter, how
ever, came too late. Five battles
had been fought, and Grant was
crossing Black River and moving in
the direction of Vicksburg. While
these battles were being fought,
Porter, with a gunboat fleet, passed
up the Yazoo River and took posses
sion of Haine's Bluffs, which had
been evacuated in the meantime by
the enemy. Thus it was that safe
communication was reopened with
Grant's army, and again he had a
base of supplies. Pemberton was
driven within the walls of Vicks
burg and locked up, as it were, in
that stronghold, with but GO days'
rations. Grant had then completely
turned the tables on the enemy, anil
had Pemberton and his whole army
within his grasp.
On the 4th dny of July, 1803, the
long and bloody siege came to its
termination. Pemberton surrendered
to Grant. Grant, at the head of a
victorious army, entered tho city
and planted the old flag upon the
courthouse, whero it wns unfurled
to the breeze amid the shouts
of his gallant soldiers. In the cap
ture of Vicksburg there were sur
rendered to Grant 33,000 men, in
cluding 17 general officers arid 170
cannon, the largest capture of men
and munitions of war over made in
any modern war up to that time,
numbering the killed, wounded and
captured. In the five battles, and
including the siege of Vicksburg,
Grant had killed, wounded and
captured a .larger number of the
enemy than his whole effective force
numbered in this campaign. On
tho 8th day of July, upon tho news
rcaciungtlio occupants that Vicks
burg had been captured, Port Hud
son was surrendered., Thus tho
backbone of the rebellion was
broken, the so-called Confederacy
was cut in two, and thereafter the
majestic Mississippi rolled on "tin
vexed to tho sea." Grant's loss in
tho whole oampaign wns 8,000,
killed, wounded nnd missing. Grant
was now- applauded by the loyal
people everywhere, and throughout
tho Nation denominated tho mili
tary genius of tho age. Even Hal
leek joined in tho acclaim and tele
graphed to Grant, commending him
and comparing his operations with
the grandest operations of Napoleon
Gen. Joseph E. Johnston had in
the meantime concentrated a force
at Jackson, Miss., nnd thereby was
threatening the rear of Vicksburg.
Grant nt once sent Sherman with a
suitable force against Johnston. Ho
moved immediately and did not
hesitate to assail him. On the lGth
day of July Johnston retreated to
Alabama by way of Meridian.
Soon the news came of the battle
of Chickamauga. Rosccrans, having
withdrawn his army within the Hues
of Chattanooga, was cooped up,
with Bragg in possession of his
communications, and including the
Tennessee River on his north, had
him completely encircled, seem
ingly in a position where he must
sooner or later surrender for want
of supplies, both for men and
animals. Grant was now ordered
by the President of the United
States to take command of that de
partment. His first act was to as
sign Thomas to the command of the
department nnd the Army of the
Cumberland in place of Rosccrans.
His next was to telegraph Thomas
to hold Chattanooga at all hazards ;
that he would bo there as soon as
possible. To which old Gen.
Thomas replied : "1 will hold the
town till we starve." On the 23d
of October, 18G3, Grant reached
Chattanooga. Burnsidc wasatKnox
ville. Sherman was on his way
from Vicksburg with all the avail
able force at his command, and
Hooker was moving from the cast
with two corps. A column of the
enemy moved against Knoxville.
By the 18th of November Grant had
his forces well in hand and ready
for an assault. Rains and storms
prevented this for a few days ; but
on the 23d he assaulted Lookout
Mountain, the men climbing from
crag to crag, and from tree to tree,
until finally they were on the crest
of the ridge ; the rebels retreated,
and they planted the flag of the
Republic thereon. The 24th and
25th the battle of Mission Ridge
was fought and the enemy com
A portion of the armies of the
East and West and Center, combin
ing, fought side by side, bravely as
men ever fought. Passing through
the dangers of that great battle
linked them together in bonds of
friendship which have lasted until
now. After he had defeated Brace,
and driven him back from this
stronghold, Grant commenced
maturing plans for the great final
campaigns. Ho began by orderiug
Sherman back to Vicksburg; also a
large force to march from Corinth
down along the railroad to Jackson,
destroying the road as they went.
Sherman was ordered with his force
from Vicksburg in the direction of
Meridian, in order that the railroad
and lines of communication in that
part of the country might be des
troyed, so that when he commenced
his campaign in contemplation he
could withdraw nil the troops from
there and concentrate them into one
grand army to march against the
enemy in the center.
The troops under Thomas were
assisting in guarding tho railroads
and lines of communication north
from Chattanooga and west to De
catur. He directed Thomas, while
the railroads were being destroyed
from Corinth to Vicksburg south
and east from Vicksburg, to keep up
a continuous demonstration in the
enemy's front, so as to deceive him
into the belief that an advance was
to be made very soon. He also
directed me to co-operate with
Thomas. I then being in command
of the Fifteenth Corps, with my
headquarters at Iluntsville, Ala.,
sent a force by his orders in the
direction of Rome, Ga. At the same
time wc were notified to be ready at
the earliest possible moment in the
Spring for a general advance. His
idea was then to move from Chatta
nooga to Atlanta, and then to Mo
bile, unless something should inter
vene in the meantime to change tho
plan and force him to move in the
direction of Savannah from Atlanta.
Grant said in a letter during that
Winter that sharp fighting would
occur in the Spring, and if our army
was successful tho war would bo
ended in a year.
Grant was now made Lieutenant
General aud placed by tho President
of tho United States in command of
the armies of the Republic. But one
single person had ever held tho
position prior to Grant; that was
Gcorgo Washington. Winfield Scott
merely had tho brevet. On the 3rd
(Concluded on fourth page).
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OHOCKBHY, GLASSWARE, HOUSE FURNISHING HARDWARE,
AGATE IRON AND TINWARE.
Agent Hall's Safe and Lock Company.
Beaver Block, '- Fort Street.
Z3T store formerly occupied by S. NOT!', opposite Sprcckch & Cb.'s Bank, -a
Pacific Hardware Company,
Successors to Dillingham & Co. and Samuel Nott.
FORT STREET, :::::: HONOLULU
Sipal Oil, Something New for Carriage Lamps.
Best Quality Blue Mottled Soap. E.tr:i Grocer Soap,
a Superior Article.
B&- Fire Proof Sales, Closing Out at Low Prices, -a
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Telephone 210 in both Cos.
LEWIS & CO., GROCERS,
or ana OO Hotel Street,
NEW GOODS JUST RECEIVED ON ICE:
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Roll Butter, Cauliflower. Red Cabbages, Bunker Club House Sausages,
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Horse Radish, Roots and Celery, Svls Cheese, Crenm Cheese, Ednm Cheese,
German Smoked Sausages, German Pickles in Keg, Holl ind Herrings in
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And a Complete Xane ol" Fancy to Staple GrocoricN
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E. G. SCHUMAN,
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Chandeliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER HOSE
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