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BISHOP & Co., BANKEKS
Honolulu, Hawailnn Islands.
Draw Exchange on Uio
FtuuW nrOiiUroriiia, W. If.
Ami tlich agents In
NEW YORK. BOSTON. HONG KONO.
Messrs N. M ltotUuihUd& Son, London
Tho Commciclnl Bank Co, of S.whioy,
Tho Coiutnuioliil Bank Co., of Sjilnoy,
The Bank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Ohrlstcburch, and Wellington.
The Uunk of HillHt Columbia, Vic-
toili, 15. (J. and Poitlnnd, Or
Transact a Gcnornl Banking Husineps.
Tltilged to uultW ttttl nor Puity.
But cstabllshou for Uio benefit of all.
WEDNESDAY, DKC. !, 1885.
A VALUABLE WORK.
Department of the Interior U. S.
Geological Survey ; J. W. Powell,
Director. Hawaiian Volcasoks,
by Capt. Clarence Edward Dut
ton, Ordnance Corps U. S. A.
Extract from the 1 ourth Annual
Report of the Director 1882-83.
Washington: Government Print
ing Oillce, 1881.
"Hawaiian Volcanoes" makes a
volume of 219 largo octavo pages.
It is handsomely printed on heavy
calendered paper, is divided into
thirteen chapters, and contains thirty
illustrations, including six maps and
three diagrams. Chapter I. treats
of the geography of the Hawaiian
Islands. Mentioning the unmistak
able volcanic origin of the whole
group, Capt. Dutton cites recent
deep-sea soundings as having " dis
closed the fact that these volcanic
piles are only the summits of gigan
tic mountain masses rising suddenly
from the bottom of the Pacific,
which for many hundreds oi miles
around them is only moderately
diversified." A submarine chain
of mountains is presumed to con
tinue from these Islands, many hun
dred miles to the west-northwestward
of Kauai, the evidence being minute
islands and shoals strung along at
intervals of fifty to a hundred miles,
and a rcniaikably uniform depth of
2,500 to a, 100 fathoms being found,
about 300 to 500 miles south of this
presumptive range, by the soundings
of II. B. M. S. Challenger in 1885,
extending from Japan to the Ha
In mentioning the two sole points
of volcanic activity remaining on
the Islands Manna Loa and Kilau
ea, on Hawaii the author hypothe
tically discusses the antiquity of the
volcanoes now extinct, without ap
proaching any definite .conclusion.
Mauna Loa, " the great mountain,"
." is certainly the king of modern
volcanoes," he says. "No other
in the world approaches it in the
vastness of its mass or in the mag
nitude of its eruptive activity. There
are many volcanic peaks higher in
air, but they are usually planted
upon elevated platforms, where they
appear as mere cones of greater or
less size. Regarding the platforms
on which they stand as their true
bases, the cones themselves and all
tho lavas which have emanated from
them never approach the magnitude
of Mauna Loa. JElna. and all its
adjuncts are far inferior, while
Shasta, Hood, and Raincr, if they
were melted down and run together,
-would fall much below the volume
of the Island volcano. We do not
know at what level the base of
Mauna Loa is situated. We only
know that it is below sea level, and
probably far below it. Rut, on the
other hand, it may not be so low as
the adjoining depths of the Pacific,
for, as will appear in subsequent
chapters, there is evidence that its
platform lias been hoisted, and to a
considerable amount, during the
progress of its eruptions." Mauna
Kca " the white mountain " " is
nlso a colossus among volcanoes,"
tho only one besides its neighbor
comparable to it being Mount St.
Elias. Although Mauna Kea's sum
mil is a trillc higher than Mauna
Lou's, its slopes, are steeper and its
baso therefore much smaller. " The
miagnilude of Mauna Loa is due
chiefly to tho great aiea ofjts base,
which is neatly elliptical in shape,
with a major diameter of 71 miles
and a minor of 53 miles, measured
Mauna Lou's supremacy in the
aggregate of its eruptions is next
noted, one of its moderate erup
tions representing more material
than Vesuvius lias emitted since tho
flays of Pompeii. ' The great flow
of 1855 would nearly have built
Vesuvius, and those of 1859 and
1881 aie not greatly inferior."
"Mauna Loa and Kilnuoa arc in
many impoitnnl respects abnormal
oleanoe" The quid charaotet
of ilieii ci upturns, unaccompanied
as they have mostly been with
earthquakes or subterranean rumb
lings, is ntjlable in this respect.
"The lava wells foilh like walei
fiom a hoi. bubblinu spring," and
the observer may slant! so near the
source that the heat will make the
face tingle, yet without danger,"
while Iho inhabitants, apprised of
the event first by the glow of the
sky from the playing of tho tiro foun
tains, "display almost as much
eagerness to approach the scene of
an eruption as the people of other
countries show to get away from
one." In consequence of this mild
behavior, there is an absence of
those fiagmental products that con
stitute so large a portion of the out
put of other volcanoes. The ejecta
are almost nothing else but massive
lavas, which accounts for the fiat
profiles of these volcanoes. Earth
quakes, though common in the is
lands, with their centers of dis
turbance around Mauna Loa and
Kilauca, only occur on a startling
and destructive scale at intervals
of many years.
The author makes a reference to
the sculpture of nature in these is
lands expressive of his great delight
therein. He makes favorable com
parison of the grand carving of the
elements on the cliffs of Oahu and
Molokai, with tho most magnificent
features ol the Colorado Valley.
"On the weather sides of Hawaii
and Maui the gentle slopes of the
mountains terminate upon the ocean
in walls a few hundred feet high,
while the platforms are gashed with
canon valleys which are marvels of
beauty. Over all is spread the
mantle of a tropical vegetation so
rich and splendid that it ' makes the
nomi) of emperors ridiculous.' '"
Remark is made of the strange fact
that such sharr) outlines produced
by eiosion arc found in this humid
climate as pronounced as in the arid
regions of Utah and Arizona, when
the theory has been widely accepted
that these physical peculiarities
were due in those countries to the
dryness of the atmosphere, and in
succeeding chapters the author re
verts to this subject. He is enthu
siastic in praising Hawaiian meteo
rological conditions: "Relatively
to human comfort the climate is
perfection," and, "The air is
Reference is made to the small
piopoition of cultivable land, along
with the great productiveness of the
boil in places. Speaking of what
grows here, Capt. Dutton says,
"The Kona coifee is superior to the
Mocha and equal to the best Libe
rian." The first chapter concludes
with a statement of the advanced
social organization the Hawaiians
possessed when Capt. Cook visited
them, of their feudal land tenure
then, and the change made to fee
simple, with a record title, as a
consequence of the social revolution
effected by the American mission
aries. High praise is given to Pro
fessor Alexander, for his adminis
tration of the survey of the Islands
necessary under the new order to
establish metes and bounds.
Succeeding chapters of the work
recount Capt. Dutton's explorations
of volcanic phenomena on Hawaii,
Maui and Oahu, particularly of tho
active volcanoes on the first-named
island. He gives many sido glimpses
of Hawaiian customs, with other in
formation calculated to delight as
well as instruct, so that, although
his treatise may bo shelved among
tho provcibially dry "pub. docs."
continually issuing from the Govern
ment press of a great country, it is
at the same time an intensely read
able account of travel and scientific
investigation, both to those who are
familiar with the giound gone over
and to those who aie not.
In the cloventh chapter the "P10
blem of the Volcano" is discussed
too elaborately to bo followed in a
newspapor review. The author,
however, although hopeful that a
solution is not impossible, leaves the
question still a mystery. Ho holds
that earth-lifting and volcanic action
are associated phenomena. Eruptive
agencies of undiscovered origin aro
raised from varying depths near
enough to tho earth's surface to,
break through. What causes the
expansion ; where the heat is gener
ated, or, if primordial, wheio it is
stored, and what in either case re
leases its action, aie questions fann
ing a rathei complicated mystery.
Oahu island has the closing chap
ter to itself, with a map, also good
illustrations of the Nuuanu Pali and
Diamond Head. Some of the other
engravings in the work are very
tine, views of volcanic and other
scenery being bound ' to arrest the
attention of the student of nature
wherever they meet, his eye. An en
chanting picture is that of forest
scenery at Puna. This treatise of
Capt. Dutton upon the leading
physical peculiarities of these Islands
their volcanoes will undoubtedly
take a permanent place among the
tomes of Hawaiian lore, which arc
by no means despicable cither in
variety or quality. Messrs. J. M.
Oat & Co., book-sellers, supply the
work to the Island public.
PERSONS wanling jobs done, in or
about their houses or grounds, will
llnd competent and trustworthy men
and women for such 'work by applying
at the North Pnolllc Missionaiy Insti
tute, 00 Punchbowl Slicet, between
Bcrctunla and King Sticcts.
I am instructed to dispose of at Pub
lic Auction, at mj' Salesroom, on
FRIDAY, Dec. lltli,
at 10 a.m., to clotc consignment, with,
out lcscrve, n large assortment of
GOLD & PLATED JEWELRY,
Consisting of Ladies' Sets, Rings,
Collar Buttons, Studs, Sleeve Buttons,
Watch Chains, Bucelels, &c, &c.
By order of His By. the Minister of
the 'interior, I am instructed to fell at
Public Auction, the
on the corner of Nuuanu and Queen
Streets, lately occupied by the Supeiin.
tendent of the Water Woiks, on
SATURDAY, DEC. 12th,
at 12 noon. BST" Terms Cah, and
Buildings to be removed within ludays.
SO 4t LEWIS J. LEVEY, Auct'r.
XMAS SALE !
By order of Messrs. G. W. Macfarlano
& Co., on
WEDNESDAY, Dec. ICtli,
At 10 a.m., at their store, Corner Fort
and Quten Streets, we will oiler a large
and choice collection of French and
English Novelties, particularly suitable
for Chiislmas and New Year's, and
which have never before been ollered at
auction. The Fine Quality of thc:c
Goods cannot fail to commend them to
a cultivated taste, and wc therefore con
lidcntly aM their inspection by the
Ladies of Honolulu, being sure that
their judgment will confirm ours.
My Beautiful Novelties
We can mention only a few, such as
Elegant French Bronze Statues, "Front
de Bociif mid Robin Hood," Gentle.
men's Russia Writing Desks,
Massive Bronze Ewers, Square Sphynx
Jardiniere, Turquoibo grounds; Es.
qulmaux and Seal Umbiclla Stand;
Incised and Caived Persian Vases;
Jar-shaped Vases, Vallands Red
Ground and Black; Ribbon Basket,
Chocolate ground and Chintz ; Elegant
Bronze Statue with Clock.
1 Pair of Magnificent Vases,
Reproduced from old Sevres models,
gianted to M. Daniell by II. I. M. Na.
poleon III; they are of Hose Avcnturinc
tint, surmounted with Tropical Birds of
most brilliant plumage, elaborately and
richly finished in Gold.
1 Bohemian Glass Set, Parian Marble
Bust "Clytic" Telescope by Negrelti
and Tanibrn; u variety of Beautiful
Vases, Flat, Medallion Bionze, Majolica,
&c; Garden Scats, Yellow and Tur.
quolsc, Plush "Work Table ;
Bronze Wall Clocks
Albums, cabinet slo, and vaiicly of
styles; Flour Pots, Pink ground and
Prlmioso; Brackets and Placqucs and
numerous oth'T Beautiful Ai tides
which can be inspected tho day before
the sale at leisure. IS" Wo invito
ovoiyono to come and seo what wo have
to sell, for an oppoitunity is now ollered
that.will probably never again occur.
E P. ADAMS & Co.,
00 td Auctioneers.
AT the icgular Auniial Meeting of tho
shareholders of tho Union Feed
Co., (Limited), held this day, tho fob
lowing olllcera were elected for tho en.
11. It. MACFAHLANE President
F. W. MAOKAltLANE Trcasuier
WALTER 8. HANKS.. Sec'y & Auditor
Directors J. II. Paty, A. J. Gut.
wrlght, G. "VY. Macfarlano, F. W. Mac
f urlanc. "WALTER B. HANKS, Sec'y.
Honolulu, December 4, 1886. 09 4t
n.i-miimijiiiiuin'iLMnwin ji. mJ
llaw'iiO.inliigcManf'gCn. (,? JO 100
I!. O. Hall & Son, ... i 100
Inlei. Island S. N. Co., (.1 .0(1 100
Hell Telephone, ( it.! 10
Haw'u Agrlculuunl Co., (it 00 100
Wlldci's Steamship Co., 100 100
C. Brewer & Co., 100 100
llalawa, f0 100
Woodlnwn Daliy, Mi 100
Walluku Sugai Co., !) 100
Wnlmniinln, l?r. 100
Star Mill, PM'-Vi mm
KecipiocilyStigui Co., SO 100
L. A. THUHSTON, Stock Brokei.
38 Merchant Strecl. Nil ly
For Sit 11 Francisco.
jgWi 'I In; Magnillrent Steamship
Will leave for the nboc port on or
For freight or passage, apply to
18ttf II. IIACKFELD & CO., Agents.
Fiom Bicincn,per,C. It. Bishop, and
now landing, an Invoice of
Consisting in pan of
(In a variety of Styles and Pilec).
Harmonicas, Violins, Zither, Prussian
Drums, Base Dunns, SJ8 In. Accor-
deons, .Tnmliorinc, Flutes,
Fife-, B.injos, Stiings, etc.
GST" These Goods wcte carefully
sekcied foi thU niarkei, and at prices
thai will enable me 10 idler special in
ducements to the trade or any one who
wishes to purchase goods in tho above
line (18Sllw) C.E.WILLIAMS.
Steamers for Sale.
'"piIE under.signed begs to call tho
X attention of .steamship companies
and otheis inteicted to the following
list of .steam launches, tugs and other
btcani boats offeied for bale by one of
his correspondents in Liverpool with the
piiees attached, and which on account
of the romaikably depressed tatc of tho
shipping business will be seen to bo ex
Launches, Tugs and small boats that
can be brought on deck of a largo
steamer or Killing csel.
New steel scjcw tug -IS feci x 10 feet
x 5 fcct8-in. with 10 horse power engines
nominal, suiface condenser, donkey
pump, etc. Speed 12 miles an hour.
I'ricc in Liveipool i!l,0r0 or 5,230.
811!10. Wood Screw Passenger and
Cargo Launch, built in 1883, pair of (i in.
cylinders, S-111. sroke, .speed about 10
miles, extra stiong oak frame, pitch
pine planking, copper fastened, dimen
sions -15.0x0.0x4.11. draft of water aft 3
feet. Pi ice 375.
2301. A Steel twin-screw Steam Yacht,
built in 1884, 2 pairs of ertical D I A
II I P I engines of 10 H.P., four C-in.
cylinders, 8-in. stroke, speed 0 knots on
a consumption of I! cwt. per hour,
blinkers contain 0 tons, she has 11
sleeping berths, was built to go up tho
Nile, dimensions 05.2x12.7x0.7. Price
2300. A New Wood Scicw Steam
Launch, copper fastened, compound
S I C engines C-in. and 12-in. 7-in. stroke,
laige multitubular boiler, teak lagged,
of 00 lbs. woi king pressure, dimensions
40.OxS.0xL4. Price 050.
2301. An Iron twin-screw Stenmer,
built In 1870, for river passenger trafllc,
hull, engine and boiler lately overhauled
at a cost of 107, speed 11 knots on a
consiiulptloii of about 4 tons per week,
bunkers contain 12 tone, dimensions
08.012.1xl.0. Price 480.
84 134. Steel Screw Tug, built in 1885.
engines C S C 25 II.P.N. 11-in. and
22-ln. cylinders, 20-in. stroke, steel
tubular boiler, 100 lbs. working pressure,
f-pced 12 knots, boiler lagged, cylinders
lagged with felt and mahogany, dimen
sions 70x12.8x0.2. Draft of water V,
feet and 0 feet. Price 1850.
2203. An Iron Screw Steamer, now
building, and classed 100 Al at Lloyd's
to cairy 2S0 tons on 0.0 draft, bunkers
contain 20 tons, speed 0 knots on a con
sumption of .1 tons per day, compound
1) I A engines of 40 H.P., lC-in. and
30-in. cylludeis, boiler of 80 lbs. work
ing pressure, donkey engine nnd bteam
winch, dimensions 120.0x21.0x10.0.
2311. An Iron Screw Teg, built in
1885, classed Al at Lloyd's for towing
purposes, two compound S C j D A
engines of 15 H.P., 10-in. and UO-ln.
cylludeis, 22 stroke, speed 10 to 12 knots,
dimensions 70.4x15.0x0.3. Pi lec 3,500.
2308. An lion Screw Steamer, built
In 1885, and classed 100 Al, COS tons ie
gister, and caiiles 1,120 tons D.W. on 15 0
draft, 2 common 1) A S I C engines of
00 II. P., 25.n. and 48-in. cylinder,
!!3-ln. stroke, cylindrical multitubular
boiler of 80 lbs, woiklng pressure, bun
kers contain 102 tons, consumption 8
tons per day, donkey engine and boiler,
also 3 .steam winches, dimensions 203 Ox
30.0x15.10. Pi lec 12,000.
2204. An lion Sciuw steamer, built
In 1885, and classed 100 Al at Lloyd's
07 tons register, carries 350 tons on 10.0
diaft, buukcis contain 50 tons, speed
13) to 14!j5 knots on a consumption of
8 tons per day, compound S I O engines
of 80 1 1. P., 21i-lu. and 42-In. cylinders,
30-in. stroke, steel tubular boiler of 05
lbs. working prcsnue, donkey engine,
and 2 htcaui winches, dimensions 145.0x
2.1.1x10.(1. Pilco 8,500.
The above aie only a few of tho steam
csscls that are offeied at sale in Great
Britain at tho picscnt time. Almost any
description of steamer and of any sl.o
dcslied can now be puichased at veiy
favorablo rates, It Is of cour.su neces
sary that somo responsible paity In
England should examine the condition
of the stcameis offered for sale befoio
1043m W.L. GREEN,
ujli. jihiiu. ia-sj.. .gum.rmJU"lJi wiimh-'HU
so, send me 20 yards
III II ' lW?i'T--'"""J r 1 11 IW
have over seen lor the Money.''
" Quite right. It's below value !"
" 3 OOD-BYE
B. F. DiM.isoiiAM,
Piesidcul and Manager.
Pacific Hardware Company,
Successors to Dillingham & Co. and Samuel Nott.
Preparatory to stock taking, we oflcr a large line of Tinware suitable for
country and retail stores at
Grreatly DRLecUieed. IPrices !
Colleo Pots, Tea Pols, Tea KctlUs, Tin Pails, Tin Lanterns, Milk Cans, Milk Pails.
wish 1 una, nun. runs, u.iMllg r.ius, jmng IJippor
WEST, DOW & CO.,
Just lleeeived, ex Alameda, a
Large Assortment of Furniture I
glit and Dark Cedar and Asli Bedroom Sets, and full
idstcads, assorted woods; Ash Cottage, Nuiscand
assoncu uining room
LARGE CHRISTMAS ORDER
will arrive on next steamer.
SST We nave, also, on hand, in addition to our usual stock, a lanre assort
X of Fancy Goods, Tojs and Picture Mouldings. iso'
H. E. MclNTYRE & BRO.,
, IMPORTERS AND DEA LERS IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed,
EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS.
New Goods received by every Packet from the Eastern States and Europe.
Frc3h California Produce by every Steamer. All orders faithfully attended lo.
and Goods delivered to any part ot the city free of charge. Island oidcrs oli
clted. Satisfaction guaranteed. Post Oillce Box 145. Telephone No. 03. 108 ly
(Formerly with Samuel Nott).
Importer mill Denier in
STOVES, CHANDELIERS, LAMPS,
CROCKERY, GLASSWARE, HOUSE FURNISHING HARDWARE
AGATE IRON AND TINWARE.
Agent Hall's Safe and Lock Company.
Beaver Block, - Fort Street.
JS"" Store formerly occupied by S. NOTT, opposite Spreckels & Oo.'s Bank, -a
New Light on the Subject !
JUST RECEIVED, FROM BOSTON, EX BAHK MARTHA DAVIS,
Downer's Kerosene Oil : : : : 150 o
Electric Kerosene Oil : : : : : 150
Superior Kerosene Oil : : : : 130
All tho above Oil is fuksu and aoon, anil will bo s ild nt ictall or In
lots to suit, at low niles. Also,
OLSHJJS 8 O.AJR,I MATCHES,
OFSUI'ERIOR QUALITY. Bisides the above, a largo variety of Eastern
(jiiodsuoed by all .Stoics and PlanlalioiiB, all ol which will lo bold at reasonable
I.rh-ts by (160 lin) E. O. HALL & BON, (Limited).
Telephone 210 in both Cos.
LEWIS & CO., GROCERS,
or nnd OO ITotol Utroot,
NEW GOODS JUST EECEIVED ON ICE:
E istern Shad, Flounders, Rock Cod, Smelts, Crabs, Eastern Oysters, Cala Fresll
Bo Butter, Caiillllower. Red Cabbages, Bunker Club Houso Sausages,
Mallard Ducks, Peaches, Peais, Plums. Grapes, &c , 1&0.
Horso Ihulish, Hootb and Celery, Swiss Cheese, Oreaui Checso, Edam Cheese,
Geiinan Smoked baiiB-iiru?. Gciman Pickles in k'..ra iiit.,.i it..- tJ
Kegs, Kitb Salmon Bellies, Kit
-A-iul ti Complete Line ol Puucy &; S tuple Groceries
-A.lwn.yw on Hand,
Goods delivered to Walklkl, Tuesdays and Fridays. Goods delivered to all nart
.! 'H-J.i.umajjij,iwi WWHWM
IS that YOU, 311J. FJSllEL ?
"Have you any more ol'
(hat brown JERSEY cloth,
double width, such its you
sold lo Mrs. .Jenkiiisoii yes
(orday lor SI 50 a yard ? If
the FINEST MATERIAL I
,I.VS. G. Sl'KNOKIl,
Scciclniy and Treasurer.
icrs, Stiaincis, Pie Plates, etc.
ami liaiiy Uhairs.
P. O. Box 20T
... ...,.;, .4u,,t.M. J.UI I IJB U
..' 4 ..
w , -, -,b ; '
$&j&Mtto. vuit Kum ' ' . i
if, I Vii