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K, FRIDAY. FEB. 12, 188G.
Jr. i .. , , i
A POWERFUL PLEA FOR THE TREATY.
Mr. Morrison hns introduced n bill
in the House proposing abrogation of
the treat' with the Kingdom of Ha
waii. From certain points of view
mich abrogation may seem justifiable.
Especially in the interior States is
there u lack of Hympathy, duo to a
lack of knowledge, with our exterior
commerce and the condition upon
which it depends. We aie commer
cially a rival of England, but we are
under ceitain disadvantages which
arc unknown to that country. Mil
lions of our people have never seen
cither ocean, have never felt the in
spiration of maritime commerce, have
never eecn ships under sail or steam.
Their ideas nro formed around wholly
interior intoiests, and it is easy to
convince them that the country needs
do exterior commercial policy 01
alliance. England is in a very differ
ent situation. In more than one great
atoim the water of the sea has been
blown clear acioss that island. Dane
and Norman, King and Viking, who
came to the conquest of her abori
ginal people, came from the sea, anil
there is no English home, fiom the
Grampian Hills to Cornwall, in which
hearts do not swell at thoughts of the
sea. So it falls out that all Kngland
stands fast together upon a maritime
policy, upon the ksuo of trade ex
tension by the sea, while here- millions
of our people will cither actively en
dorse or indifferently permit any
policy that looks to the cnsinalling
of our oxteiior commerce. From t lie
interior point of view, then, which is
onesided sliictly, Mr. Morrison's pio
positiou is justifiable. Hut Mr. Mor
lison does not intend to eater to the
sentiment which justilies, for he is a
statesman and as capable as any we
have of comprehending the ensem
ble of a coniineicial policy and mak
ing it homogeneous in nil its parts.
No man in Congress knows better
the methods by which exterior trade
may be strengthened, nor more eleaily
comprehends the iclation it bears to
interior commerce. And with thi
clearness of vision lie knows that
when a measure in the intciest of
foreign trade proves helpful to inte
rior commerce, it is twice justified,
and when its effect is neutral merely,
when it neither weakens nor strength
ens, speeds nor impedes domestic
commerce, but is self-helpful and
self-strengthening, it is justified for
its own sake.
From a commercial point of view
the Hawaiian Tteaty should be judg
ed by its effects, as above. Hut the
tieaty stands upon two legs and not
upon one. Our foreign trade depends
upon something besides ships and
sailors. We must have American
inlluence. We sent a fleet to open
the ports of .lapan, and their seal was
first broken to our commerce, and
had we ticated those people- with
commercial fairness their trade would
have been ours, because we first im
pressed them with our power. Hut
the first Ship we built for them, the
"Fusiyuiiiu", nearly fell to pieces
under the kick of her own guns when
thoy fired a light salute in S'okohiimn
Buy. Our trade policy and our
politics did not go hand-in-haiid, and
the canned goods and fabrics which
wo ' sent to thorn soon fell below
standard. Then came keen .Sir
Harry 1'arkes, the Hritish Minister,
backed by the Oriental Hank, ami
ready to enlarge Hritish inlluence as
ours oiirininllcd. In the war between
the Tycoon and Mikado, he sided
with the Mikado, furnished him arms
and money, and, when the light was
over and the Mikado had won, Hritish
influence was paramount and has
remained so, to the exclusion of our
Hy legitimate methods, without
going to the lengths justified by Eng
land's foreign policy, which widely
dillcrs from ours, wo might have
retained what we have lost in Japan.
These methods, which wcro available
in Japan, have been operative, in the
Sandwich Islands since the treaty of
reciprocity with that kingdom.
Through strictly commercial contacts
our inlluence is dominant there, and
with what result? In 187-1 our total
. trade with Hawaii was only $l,(iO,
152. In 1881 our trade had swollen
to $11,4-H),!U8, or nearly as much in
one month as in the twelve months
ten years ago!
Our trade with Japan for 1881 was
only $1:1,803,01-1, and Japan has
thirty millions of people, while the
kingdom of Hawaii has less than a
hundred thousand! So much for
making and keeping American in
iluouco dominant in those islands.
It could not have been done without
tho treaty. Wo aro perfectly well
awaro that an objection to tho treaty
has been made because its opportuni
ties were scl'u and improved by an
American morchant in this city.
Well, it was made for that purpose,
to give American merchants an ad
vantage. Tho trade has swollen so
t that this San Francisco merchant
' has bought and had built to his or
' dor, in American shipyards, lino
steamers that lly the Hag of the
United States, and in ocean races
show their heels to the best boats
'Great Hritain has on the Pacific. In
:uddition thero is a good licet of sail
ships that ply in that trade, between
this port and Honolulu. On heir
v own account and responsibility these
fGo.n Francisco merchants may have
vJplayed in Hawaii the part of Sir
Hurry Parkes, but it has boon at their
own cost and the United States have
Huflercd no dishonor nor a dollar's
outlay, and oiu- merchants rather
dceorvo tho National thonks for thoir
outcrprUu than to by threatened,
with itn ofilcial rupture of relations,
which, though important to private
commerce, are far more important to
This suggests the international
view, aside from tho commercial.
Talk as wo may about avoiding ex
terior complications, there is not an
American but felt a bit humiliated
when he read that against the vain
protest of our Consul, Germany had
landed a fllo of murines Irom tho
Albatross and prodded tho King of
Samoa into a quickstep out of his
own capital, and there li not an
American but would huo been de
lighted to have had at Apia an
American man-of-war with another
Decatur on her deck, to have given
effect to the protest of our Consul.
Do we want to see Germany and
England come to broadsides before
Honolulu for domination of the
Sandwich Islands? Do we want the
only dry land in the Pacific thai
gives friendly anchoiuge to our ships
and a preference to our commerce,
and lespect to our ling, pass under
the inlhienco of a distant power
which is our commercial lival and
leady at any time to defy us in open
enmity? Do we wish to be edged
and crowded out of a glowing com
merce that in a few yeais will exceed
any that we have in the Pacific, un
less we change greatly the methods
which lost us Japan? If we want all
these things they are cheaply ours
by the simple abiogutioii of that
tieaty. True, the trade conies to
San Fiuneisco, but this is an Ameri
can port. Its skippers and shippers,
its merchants and manufacturers are
not alien. What exterior trade to
Atlantic ports, with a nation of less
than a bundled thousand people,
shows an iucicusc of ten millions in
ten years? And if any show such
piogicss, what Eastern Congressman
would propose to destiny the condi
tions which created it?
California may not be an agreea
ble member of Federal society. In
deed, we sometimes fancy that there
is a feeling that our room would bo
better than our company, hut we
have the right to ask that even dis
icgard of our commerce and inatten
tion to our interests shall not go to
the extent of committing a serious
erior of international policy in the
belief that we aie to be the only
Wo ask, therefore, that Mr. Morri
son shall do us the justice to examine
all sides of the proposition, and that
Congiess shall explicitly point out
what harm has been done by the
tieaty, and shall definitely determine
whether a part of the damage is the
increase of American trade in the
islands from $1,(5 10,-152 in 187-1 to
Ill.MO.IllS in 1881, and if it be our
policy to consider un incicasc of for
eign trade as an injury, please let us
treat all foreign trade alike, and
cease this idle chatter about rebuild
ing our meichaut marine, call in the
consular service, which has no excuse
except the oversight and extension
of external commerce, and all grind
our wits to the point of getting a
living oil' of each other.
Estate of T. E. Kvouse.
THE undersigned, having been elect,
cd assignee of the above (Mute,
hereby requests all persons Indebted to
this estate to pay immediately, ami nil
person having claims against this
estate to bund their bills Immediately to
T. R. LUCAS.
Honolulu, Jan. 20. 183(1. 38 Slw
Election ol Officers.
AT the Annunl Meeting of the C.
Hrcwer Company held this day,
iliu following gentlemen were elected
for tho ensuing year:
Mh. P. C. Josr.8 President
Sin. P. C. Jokes Manager
Mn. J. U. Caiitkii Secretary
Mil. .1. O. Cautek Treasurer
Col.. W. F. Allen Auditor
Directors Hon. Chas. H. Bishop,
Messrs. Sam'l C. Allen and Henry
JOSEPH O. CARTER,
Sec'y C. Hrcwer & Company.
Honolulu, Fell. 4, 1S8I1. 41 lm
Notice of Letters Patent.
ALL persons are hereby notified that
Letters Patent wcie issued by the
Hawaiian Government to JAMES
KEXNEY of Honolulu on tho 10th day
of December, a.u. 1885, for an improve
ment in I) rake, gig and cliaise springs,
and that said Letters Patent wcro ns.
signed by Hie said James Kenney to tho
Hawaiian Carrlngo Manufacturing Com
pany on the SSntl day of December, A. I).
1880, wherefore the tuid Hawaiian Cur.
rlago Manufacturing Company horoby
warns all persons against Infringing on
the said Letters Patent.
HAW'N CARRIAGE MANF'G Co.
Honolulu, Dec. '-'2, 1885. 203 tf
S. M. CARTER,
"Wood and Coal nicrcliant,
No. 82 King Street. Telephone
Number, in both Companies, 187.
Wood and Coal Orders nro lieroby
solicited, and will bo delivered at nny
locality within the city limits.
Departure Bay Coal, Newcastle
Coal and Charcoal.
Hnrd ami Soft Wood, Sawod and Split,
always on hand, and sold In
234 qunntltlcs to suit. tf
In Hond or Duty Paid.
A Very Choice Lot, Fresh and Full.
Tho Best in the Market.
HOLLISTER & Go.
Pacific Hardware Company,
Succossoro to Dillingham &.Co. and Samuol Noth
FORT STUnnT, :::::: HONOLULU
Just receive 1, c. 3.S. Alnmcdn and St. Paul, latest designs In -
Silver-Pitied Ware, Chandeliers & lamps,
(202) Wator Filters & Coolers, Cutlery, etc., etc., etc.
(Formerly with Samuel NotP.
Importer mid Dealer in
STOVES, CHANDELIERS, LAMPS,
CROCKERY, GLASSWARE, HOUSE FURNISHING HARDWARE,
AGATE IRON AND TINWARE.
Agent Hall's Safe and Lock Company,
Beaver Block, - Fort Street.
2?" Store formerly occupied by S. NO'lT, opposite Sprcckels &. Co.'s Bank, "a
LEWIS & CO., GROCERS,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Staple and Fancy Groceries,
W nurt JO Hotel Street,
Just received, ex O S 8 Co.'s steamer St. Paul,
Apple3, Fears, Dried Figs, Dried Dates, Dried Apples,
Dried Peaches, Dried Cherries, Dried Pitted Plums, Dried Prunes, Swiss Cheeso,
Oiegou Cieiini Cheese, Ediuii Cheese, Cain. Cheese, Smoked Sausages, Smoked
Tongues, Smoked Beef, Soused 'tongues, Kits Salmon Bellies, Kits Mackerel,
Kegs Bunker, Cain. Salt Pork. Kegs C'.ilu. Family Corned Beef. Kegs Salt
nter Ciicumiiers, Kegs Snucr Kiatit, Kclm Holland Herring', Sicily Lemons,
Eastern Codlirh, BonelcfS Codflsli, Stoiie Jars Soused Pigs Feel,
A Nice Assortment of Biscuits,
Ornhnm Wafers, Oaten Flakes, Sea Foam Wafers, Pcack and Frenn, Raspberry
Wafers, Burton & Gcisters Salad Oil, Durct Salad Oil, Crosse & Blackwell's
Salad Oil, Cain. Olive Oil, Russian Oardcllcs, Russian Caviar, French Eating
Chocolate, Instantaneous Chocolate,
A Pine Lot of Gala. Potatoes and Onions,
29 All of which arc offered at low prices.
JUST received, " The Dogs of Great
Britain, Ameiica and other Conn,
tries: Their Breeding, Training, nnd
Management in Health nnd Dhcase," by
Sloneliengc; "Incidents and Anecdotes
of the Civil War," bv Admiral Porter.
I'o Iet Furnished,
i KHauea, Kauai, a comfortable
llnuif, itiil I 'nlMn.n mlnintl v'Rlilln.
. ........w ...V. .. U.IMQV .....,.... J
Oil i"r n iiimny wiHiung m spcuu u
slioit time in tho country. Apply to
:J m Kihuea Sugar Co., Kauai.
Two Snlmrbsm Cottages to
FIRST That elegant Cottage hi no
lo occupied by the ownci, lint
Robello. wiih line flower and lit t
garden, htn1 les, etc. Terms favorable
SECOND The two-story Cottage two
doors mi.ki I of tl" above, lately oecu.
pied by the late A T Baker, having
garden, Hnble, etc. Terms favorable.
Both piendRcs aie connected with the
city water service. Apply to
Queen Stiect. 101 tf
Dwelling House for Kent.
$45 per Month and
THE lap o dwelling house nnd lot
occupied by D. D. Baldwin front
ing on Dole xtrect, -it Punahmi, and run.
ning through to Jieekwlth street. The
house contains 8 large rooms, 2 pantries,
1 bathroom, 4 large closets, kitchen ad.
joining. There Is n largo bain with
servant's room on the grounds, also nn
olUco scpainte from the main building.
The lot is nearly 2 acres in extent nnd
affords considerable pasture and fire
wood. Everything in good repnir. Gov.
eminent water laid on.' Enquire of
132 tf B. a. POLK.
NEW DRESS MAKING
MRS. J. LYONS begs to inform the
Ladies of Honolulu that she has
just opentd the large and spacious
rooms over tho storo occupied by C. J.
Fisliel for carrying on tho business of
in nil its branches. Having mudc ar
rangements to rcceivo from Europe and
America all the lutest Fashions, hIiu
hopes, by doing work thoroughly nnd
at low prices, to receive n fair share of
patronage. Call nnd tec inc.
07 3m MRS. J. LYONS.
Will bo open every ntternoon nnd even.
ing an follows:
day ami Hatiu-day EvciilngH.
To the public In general.
For ladies nnd gentlemen.
For ladles, gentlemen nnd children.
Frldayjnnd Saturday Ecnlngs; also, at
the Tin sday Matlneo.
TIIOS. E. WALL, Mnnager.
YosMite Skating Kit,
tU, a. Br-BSCBu,
Secretary and Treasured
HI. I?uul Rullvu.j
The G-reat Short Line.
K. KISTIEK, Agent.
Crystal Soda forte,
Soda Water, Ginger Aie,
Florida Lemonade, Aeintcd Waters of
all kinds, Fruit S; nips nnd E&cncc.
Wg Use Patent Stoppers
in all our Bottles.
We Invite t articular attention to our
Patent Filter, iccently introduced, by
which all waters used in our manufni--tines
Is ululutcy freed from all im.
We deliver our Goods free of charge
to all parts of tho city. We gunrauK o
our unous to oe inc nest, in me mnriai.
Careful attention paid to Island Ordcis.
The Crystal Soda Works,
P. O. Box 807, Honolulu.
Ilell Telephone : : 2HH
Mutual Telephone : 330
1ST Orders left with Benson. Smith
Co., No. 11 Fort Street, will receive
prompt attention. ,
Wo, also, are Agents for the sale
of J. W HlHglcy's
183 of his own manufacture. Cm
COOL OXr-ir !
DID YOU SAY ?
Make your wife and children happy
by supplying them with
Elite Ice Cream
mado from pure Woodlawn Dairy
Go and surprise your folks, order a
bucket of our delicious Ico Cream. Wo
pack orders for Ico Cream from 1 to CO
qunrts In Patent Refrigerator Cans, war.
ranted to keep Its delightful llavor and
perfect form lor ninny hours.
Families, Parties, Balls and Weddings
Our Fancy Cakes arc tho Favorito
with all the Liulles of Honolulu.
CHOICE FRENCH CANDIES,
Imported fresh and in great variety by
Ring Up BollTelophono 182 or Mutual 338.
Tho Elite Ice Cream ParlorB.
No. 85 Xlotul Stroot,
Aro open dally until 11 i-.m,
Chft.a. Brewer & Co.'s Line of Boston
Shippers will please take notice linn
the flno Bark
Will (all from Boton for1 this port on
or about APRIL 1st next. For parti
culars apply to
G. BREWER & Co.,
Or to CHAS. BREW ER & Co.,
21'J am 27 Kllby Street, Boston, Mns.
viLria's . s. co.
Leaves Honolulu ench Tuosdav nt
4 p.m., touching at Lalmina, Maa
laea Bay, Makena, Muliukona, Ka
walhne, Laupahoehoo and Hllo.
Returning, will touch at all the
alove ports, arriving at Honolulu
each Baturdav afternoon.
THE KA8T BAILINO
will run icgiilnrly
TO WAIALUA EVERY MONDAY,
Returning on Thursday, weather
For freight or passage apply to the
Captain on board, or to
Pacific Navigation Co.,
FOR KOLOA & WAIMEA
The Clipper Schooner
F. Kibbling, ... - Mnstcr,
Will run regularly to the ports of
KOLOA, HANAPEPE & WA1MEA,
KAUAI. For freight or passage apply
to the Captain on board, or to the
Pacific Navigation Co.,
BOO Sin Cor. Kuuanu &. Queen sis.
TO BUTCHERS, GRAZIERS
T. W. BAWL1XS,
The highest C'nsli value for any qunn.
tlty of Thllow.
Honolulu SoiipAVorliP, tclco
Bell Telephone 20. P O. Box 4.
St'm Candy Factory
No. 71 HOTEL ST., between
Nuuuuu and Fort Sts.
Has always on hand the largest Stock
of Caudles, both Plain and Fancy, guar
anteed to be STRICTLY PURE
"VVlioloHnlc and Retail.
Rich Wedding Cakes
Of a Twenty Years' Reputation, all
Sizes always on hand, ornamented
in any Style.
Pastries of AU Description Made to
Order at Short Notice.
Fresh every Day.
SJBcll nnd Mutual Telephone, No. 74.
i P. O .Box No. 7fi. 108
MELLER & HALBE'S
Ice Cream Parlor
Lincoln's Block, III st.
A Flue ANBortuicut of
Candies & Cakes
AlvnyN on I-Iuud
juu.ni", Hwwfiwwg""' ?. :
Insurance), Vu fc
I..V" , , , rr-Wi- " ' '
CASTLE & COOKE,
Life, Firo &. Marjno Insqrlco AgentsAf a
1 L-r V .
AOKNT.S von t. ' fit, '
Tliu Sow r.iiclniiil! t"lh'
MUTUAL LIFE INS. C0MPW5& i
Tho tna Firo Insiurance. Cofi' ' iJr '"
Tho Union 'lre and . w'v'.Vi f
Marine Insurance CoJ, '.
of San Francisco, Cala. " ,! a'''
: "ijy ..
Pruceinn Natlnnnl lS!' , '&
Capital 9,000,000 Rclchsmarki.-i 0r-
THE undcrsiencd. hnvmrr lipnn nn '
X pointed ngent of the nbovo Company iJC".
for till) Hliwntinn Tclnnrla la i.J .- M .
ncccpt risks, against Fire,, on Buildingf,
Furniture, Merchandise, Pioduce, Sugar a
Mills etc., on the most Favornblo Tcriuh
Losses Promptly Adjusted and Payablo in
6"0 y nt Wilder & Co's.
...... u..i.au, o IIIVII11UI .11
The J-:iuitnblu J ,1ft. Ashui uih
Socictj- of Hie United
i:HTAm,iHin.i ix jnr.o.
ISSUES Policies on the most npro il
plans, viz:-Ordlnury Life, Life.Limlt.
cd Payments, Endowments; Tom ue
Savings Ftuiil, Tontines, Semi.Tonliiit's;
A. B. C. Tontines; Life and Suivivor.
ship Annuities; Children's Endowm uts,
Joint Llfo Risks, Partnership Insuri.iicu,
etc., etc., etc.
Policies both Incontestable nud Noil
Contested chums, none.
Before insuring ehowliere, call and
get an estimate.
It is calculated that every rcnsounblo
wish of the insured Is embodied In one
or more of tho plans.
For full particulars and pamphlets,
AliF.X. J. CAItTWJtnjIIT,
General Agent for Hawaiian Islnnds.
THE undersigned, a Coinmitteo of Di
rectors of the Equitnblo Lifo Ab.
Biiranco Society of tho United Stntcs ,
appointed to formulato the views of the
Beard on the advantages offered by i ha
Society to tho public, report:
1st Tho Society issues nil the apprav.
ed forms of nsuruncc, including OrdI
nary Life, Endowment nnd Tontine po.
llcies. It is immaterial to the Directors
which form of policy Is taken by in.
2d The Life and Endowment forms
of policy provide for annual cashdivi.
dends and a surrender value; are Indis
putable after three years and payable
immediately after proof of death.
3d Tho premiums on a Tontine po
licy are tho same as on tho Ordinary
Lite, but, whilo the lattor is only pay.
able in the event of dentil, the holder of
the Tontine policy hns the right to draw
tho whole of tho reserve and iho accu
mulated profits in cash nt the end of a
stated period; thus, during his own life
time, after his producing years are past,
he can, without any hirgcr premium
than on an ordinary policy, secure these
4th Experience shows that the return
paid In cash on maturing Tontine po.
llcies npproximatct to or exceeds the
amount of premiums puid by policy
holders, so that the averago cost of the
assurance will bo only about the interest
on the premiums.
Cth Tontine policies, like others, nro
paid In full in tho event of death nt any
time during the term of the policy, and
nro incontestable after threo years, and
payauio lmineuiuiciy niter line proof ol
6th Experience shows that the mor.
tnlity is lower among Tontine policy,
holders, as the better lives seek this
kind of assurances, which is n consider,
ablo source of profit.
7th Tontine policies will be rando
non-forfeitnble under the laws of tlio
State, if so desired at the timo tho us.
suranco is effected.
8th Tho Tontine system is fair and
just; its accounts aro occurntely kept,
separate from nil other business; tho
funds judiciously Invested and improv.
cd, and the nccumulutcd profits faith,
fully guarded and properly uppoitioncd.
0th The Society has since its organi
zation transacted a larger amount of
new business thun any other company,
while its new business for the first half
of the present year is $1, 700,000 larger
than thot of tho first half of 1884. It
hnsA8setsof $00,000,000; over $14,000,
000 of Surplus, and its ratio of Surplus
to Liability is gieater than that of any
Ciiavkcuy M. Dei-ew,
John A. Stkwaiit,
William A. Wheeux .".
Ciiaiiles G. Landodj,
IIenky B. Hyde,
Committee of tho Board of Directors v.
tho Equitable Llfo Assurance Society
of the United States.
ALEX. J. OARTWRIGHT,
General Agent for Hawaiian Islands
Equitable Lifo Asburanco Society.
REAL ESTATE FOR SALE
A RARE chance for securing n desir.
ablo homestead. Three Lots only,
on tho easterly side of Mnkiki Street,
adjoining tho mnuka side of Mr. Walter
Seal's place. A very pleasant neigh
borhood; a never failing supply of pure
water in tho street from the MnUikl
Reservoir. Terms, ono third rash, the
remainder in 1 nnd 3 years with Interest
nt 8 per cent. net. Maps and plans can
be seen at the ofllco of
170 tf W. R. OASTLE.
THE largo and commodious Building
situated on Nuunnu Street, a fow
doorslibovo Iloicl Street, and rccontly
occupied as a Drug Store by Messro.
Hollistcr&Co. From lu locntlon in a
central position on ono of our most busy
thoroughfares, it Is admirably adapted
to business purposes. For full parti,
ALEX. J. OARTWRIGHT,
83 lm No. 0 Kaahumanu Bt,
f. -'' !i
JJikmfiJSfXUtiiU , ..lj