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WKDXKSDAY, VV.W. 17, 188C.
CAPITAL AND LADOR.
sin iJUmits vohki,, vimtir.n
The welfiiro anil happiness of n
community depend, in my opinion,
upon its members being occupied
and employed. A community of
which ti large portion has not work
to do nni9t be an unhappy one, but
it will be no less unhappy if those
who perform the work are not well
paid for their labor. The proposi
tion, then, stands thus: The com
munity is happy whose members are
well occupied anil well paid lor llieir
labor. A community of this kind
attains one impottant condition of
happiness in a general distribution
of wealth. All theoretical com
munistic divisions of wealth are, to
my mind, hopeless. The one condi
tion under which wealth becomes
generally distributed is that of well
paid labor which enjoys a surplus
over and above the expenses of liv
ing. The way is thus open to Un
employed of to-day becoming the
employers of to-morrow. Labor can
not Hourish unless there is capital to
mipport it. The wants and means
of a community which is without
capital are so small that the demand
for labor is attenuated. Labor to
be well paid, requires, then, the aid
of capital, and we aie thus brought
to the question of what should be
the relation between labor and capi
tal. Although there is such an inti
mate union in labor and capital,
there is yet a great deal of antagon
ism between them.
The union and antagonism are
easily shown by a familiar example.
A factory, we will suppose, is estab
lished. Its owners, by the use of
capital and the employment of labor,
make a fortune. They would not
have done so without the use of their
capital, nor without the labor they
required being available. Tlic ques
tion, then, arises, has labor profited
as much as it should have done?
lias it received a fair share of the
fortune made? The cry of the em
ployed in Knglaud is that they do
not receive a lair participation, or,
in other words, that the profits have
Ijccn sulllciently large to have en
abled the employers to pay more for
labor, and retain less on account of
the capital supplied. If labor is
subjected to the universal competi
tion of all climate', and countries, it
is clear that capital must be domi
nant, and that the condition of well
paid labor, which 1 have contended
is one of the necessary features of a
happy community, must be wholly
wanting. 13ut an exact balance of
power is evidently impossible of
long continuance, and we have to
face the question of whether it is
)etter for the happiness of the com
munity that capital or labor should
have the greater political power. If
capital is dominant, it is sheer non
sense to assert that, moie or less, it
will not look after what suits it best.
It mav sloi) short of positive cruelty.
It may exhibit a great deal of indi
vidual kindness and good-hcailed-ness,
but all the same, however, the
power of general tendency will be
to seek for capital excessive advan
tages in the shape of cheap labor,
and monopolising wealth in a few
hands. lint if labor is dominant, it may
he said it will be just as unreason
able and be as hard on capitalist
as in the other case capitalists will
he on laborers. There is no reason
to expect more moderation from the
one than the other, but self-interest
forces moderation on the laboring
(lassos. Capital can better afford
to wait than labor, and therein lies
the whole secret. Jf capital is in
the ascendant it fixes the rate of
wages, and more or less compels
their acceptance. If labor is in tho
ascendant, and demands persistently
a higher rate of wages than the
capitalists can afford to pay, it
drives capital away kills the goose
that lays the golden eggs. I may
l)e asked what I mean by capital or
labor being in the ascendant or
dominant. These arc examples:
The influence of capital may reduce
the rate of import duties and throw
thousands of men out oft employ
ment to compete with ordinary
laborers. Again, it may stop public
works, and by doing so increase the
number of persons who will lie com
pelled to accept any wages they can
obtain. Again, it may confine itself
to the pursuit of industries which
lequire little aid from human labor.
And lastly, it may take the most
mischievous shape of driving out
fiinall capitalists who, depending on
a local maiket, arc confronted with
an impoverished people unable to
buy. The small farmers, for ex
ample, must be ruined if they have
to depend on markets 1 11,000 miles
distant. Their support and safe
guard is a prosperous aitizan class
of local consumers.
On the other hand, labor in the
ascendant may impose many restric
tions upon capital which would be
greatly injurious to capitalists. But
jt may use its power no further than
1o see that the conditions are inain-
taincd that will leave to capital pro
fitable employment, but forbid it
iiVViXi "t-"" 'v.
from unfair oxnolloiig on laboring
climes. The tendency lo exces
sively Use power is equally likely to
follow the dominance of cither
clnss. Hut, as I have pointed out,
self-interest most powerfully res
trains license on the patt of tho
laboring classes, because if thej' arc
unfair to capital they drive it away
and prevent its introduction from
abroad. I know that I am liable to
be told that this is not a sulllciently
restraining influence. All I have to
say in reply is that it must prove so
unless the world is to become very
unhappy. The balance of political
power is more or less lapidly every
where passing into the hands of the
laboring classes anil small capita
lists. Simultaneously these clashes
are becoming more thoughtful, and
belter educated. Radicalism is being
divided into two schools the con
servative and the unbridled, in my
opinion Conservative Ihulicalism will
entry the day, and employers of
labor will find that a sufficiently
powerful section of the employed
will prevent undue advantage being
taken of the larger political power
that labor will enjoy. In short,
capital restrained from being too
exacting, should find its best ally in
the moderate views of the thought
ful portion of the laboring classes.
Val'ble Stock !
Wootllawn Dairy & Stock Co.
about 1,800 ll
!! years old, will weigh
t Ilolstcln Bull, 12 months old,
"Hercules Second," sired by Judge
McC'ully's bnpnited llolgtclii "He'i
cules," dam, a large line graded llol.
stein eow ininoiled fioin California.
Dam lint given llll'. of milk in a day
in ilits country.
1 Ilolstcln Bull, 9 months old.
"A1n.." This line thoioiigh.brcd Hoi.
stein was sired liv "Heienles," iluin
AVe also li.ivo sevotal graded Ilolstcln
Hulls f i oin 2 to ti mos. old.
This is a rare iippoitimity oll'eiedto
stock.raicr to secure a superior lireed
of cattle. Slock men in America claim
thai foi beef, milk, mid butter tlicy arc
superior to any other chi'-s of stock.
Ve lime recently imported ii llior.
ougli.bred Ilolstcln Hulls fiomSyraeme,
X. Y. 'IIicm! animals arc iclated to the
Illicit dairy stock in the world, viz: the
The best cow in this family at 0 yews
of ago made the following, milk lccoid:
81'fllw. in one din, t!,:tUJLlb?. in one
month. 18,001 ITi-Hi'lli". In one year end.
iug March 'XT), lb85.
Applications made for hull calves from
tlie-c superior animals will locoivoour
attention. Wo aie agents for Smiths,
Powell A; Lamb, and arc prepaicd to
take orders for stock to tic imported
lrom them. We have open catalogues
of llieir stock, which we shall lie picas,
ed to furnMi upon application.
We have- also been appointed agents
to take oidcis and sell cattle ami horses
fiom the Well known ranch of Gov.
Li-lund Stanford, Vina, Cul. Governor
Stanford has been importing lrom
Smiths, P well & Lamb thorough. bred
Holslelns by the car-load, paying as
high as Sjl.fiOO each fr cows.
WOODLAWN DAIRY & STOCK Co.,
Addicss A. L. Smith, Sec'y.
Holsteius for Beef,
As pi oof of the .superiority of Hoi
steins as beef cattle, we cull attention
to the following statement:
In the whiter of 18SI and 188ii, we
caused to be slaughteied tho recorded
IloNtulu bull Syracuse (S22), calved
Apiil L'ltb, lSS'J; the lecorded eow
Signet (1S17), calved Apill Cth. 18S0,
ami Little Wonder (1788), calved May
14th, 1880, with the lolluwing result:
Syracuse weighed, alive, on
day of killing ,'J9(I lbs.
Dressed beef 1 , IH0 lbs.
Rough tallow 120 "
Per cent, of dressed beef . .(12. 1 1
Percent, of offal '.'(!
Signet weighed, alive 1,17(1 lb.
Hide 7l "
Rough tallow liifl "
Per cent, of dressed beef. .02.31
Percent, of olfal 21
Little Wonder weighed, alive.. 1,-l'JU lbs.
Dressed beef 7!ll lbs.
Hide 78 "
Rough fallow 121 "
J'cr cent, of diessed beef.. 52.03
Per cent, of offal '.Ill
Syracuse and Little Wonder had not
been fattened for beef, and Signet wo
hud fed for some time, but she was not
what beef men would regaid fat.
Taking everything Into" consideration,
we think this sIiowh decidedly to tho
advantage of Holstclns as beef animals.
The butchers that purchased and cut
up the eaicasses of Signet and Little
Wonder' send us the following strong
testimonial as to tho ijimlity of these
SvitAcusr., N. Y Feb, u, 1885.
Mr.s.sus. Smiths ic I'owin.i.i
(icnlfriiiiii:Yo were much pleased
with the two Ilolstcln heifers purchased
of you last mouth. Wo have been in
thu meat business for the last twenty
live years, and liiiMi killed all grades of
cattle, the best wo could Una in this
country, but never lme wo had any
that would eijiml In quality those pur
chased of you. We liavo hud a great
many compliments from the leading
families In the city In legaul to the
49 Win rcu St.
The imported Ilolstcln bullEbbo, live
vcars old, was killed on the Remington
Fill m in Ca.enovlai
AVeighed. alive, on day of kill
ing 2,200 lbs.
Dressed beef 1,31:1 lbs.
Rough tallow 75 "
I'er cent, of dressed hcef.OSJ
U, 1 Dtf iHUll ',
Prcsl u t and Hauatjer.
Pacific Hardware Company,
Successors to Dillingham &$Co. and Samuol Nott.
FORT STREET, : : t : : : HONOLULU
Jm rccclvi.il, ex S.S. AlamciU and St. Paul, latest designs in
Silver-Pl ted Ware, Chandeliers & lamps,
(Formally with Stniucl Nntt
Importer unci JUcnler in
STOVES, CHANDEBJERS, LAMPS,
CROCKERY, GLASSWARE, HOUSE FURNISHING HARDWARE,
AGATE I HON AND TINWARE.
Agent Hall's Safe and Lock Company.
Beaver Block, - Fort Street.
CT Stoic formerly occupied by S. NOTT, opposite Sprcokils &. Co.'s Hunk. t&Q
I O. Box 297.
LEWIS & CO., GROCERS,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Staple and Fancy Groceries,'
;r unci SS Hotel SSt.reet,
Just received, ex OSS Co.'s ttcamer St. Paul,
Apples, Fears, Dried Pigs, Dried Dates, Dried Apples,
Dried Peachu, Diied Cherries, Dried Pilled Plums Dried Prunes Swiss Cheese,
Oregon Cream Cheese, Edam Chees-c, C.iln. Cheese, Smoked Sucaues Smoked
Tongues, Smoked Beef, Soused Tongues Kits Salmon Uellles, Kii Mackerel,
Kegs Hunker, C.ilu. Salt Pork, Kegs C.U.i. Family Coined Reef, Ki-jih Salt
Water Cuciini hers, Kcjjs Saner Kniut, Ken Holland Herrings Sicily Lemons,
Eastern Codfish, Bnnelos Codfish, Stoue Jars Soused Pigs Feel,
A Nice Assortment of Biscuits,
Grnham "Wafers, Oaten Flakes Sea Foam Wafers, Peonk and Frenn, I?aphetrv
Wafers, Uirton & Gcisters Salad Oil, Buret Salad Oil, Crosse & Hhirk well's
Salad Oil, Cala. Olive Oil, Russian Gardellcs, Russian Caviar, French Eating
Chocolate, Instautaneous Chocolate,
A Fine Lot of Cala. Potatoes and Onions,
All of which are offered at low piiee.
To Let Furnished,
A i Kllauea, Kauai, a comfortable
Ilouseiind Cottage eminently suita
n, irr a lamily uishing to ppcml a
slml time in the countrv. Apply to
' '1 H Kilauea Sugar Co., Kauai.
Two Suburban Cottages tf
I7IKST That elegant Cottage hi 1 e
. to occupied by the ownei, l
Robello. with line llowcr and lit i
garden, stables, etc. Terms favorable
SECOND The two story Cottage two
(loois uiiikai of the above, lately occu
pied by the late A. T. Baker, having
gulden, Ftttble, etc. Terms favorable.
ilotli pieniises arc connected villi the
city watt 5 H'rviee. Apply to
Queen fit eet. 1114 If
NEW DllESS MAKING
MRS. ,T. LYONS begs to Inform the
Ladles of Honolulu thai she has
just opcnid the huge mid spacious
looms over the store occupied by CI.
Fishel forcHiiying on tho business of
in all its branches. Having made ar
rangements to receive from Europu and
America all tho latest Fashions, she
hopes, bv doing work thoroughly and
at low pilccs, to receive a fair share of
patronage. Call and tec me,
07 3m MRS. J. LYONS.
St'm Candy Factory
No. 71 HOTEL ST., between
Nuuumi and Foit Sts.
Has always on hand tho largest Stock
of Caudles, both Plain and Fancy, guar,
antced to be STRICTLY PURE
"WIioIcnuIo mul Retail.
Rich Wedding Cakes
Of a Twenty Years' Reputation, all
Sles always on hand, ornamented
In any Style.
Paetri03 of All Description Made to
Order at Short Notice.
FreBh every Day.
Bell and Muluul Telephone, No. W.
P. O .Box No. 70. 108
JA5, Q, BVKSOBH,
Secretary and. Trcustucr.
& Coolere, Cutlery, etc., etc., etc.
St. l'uiil Hiiil-vuy,
The G-reat Short Line.
K. KISTIjKK, Actit.
Soda Water, Ginger Ale,
Florida lemonade, Acntcd AVntcrb of
all kinds, FrulibynipMiml listener.
Wg Use Faint Stopors
in all our Bottles.
We invite particular attention to our
Patent r'iller, recently introduced, by
which all waters used In our manufac
tures is ab-olutely fietd from all ini.
We deliver our Goods free of charge
to all pin Is of the city. We guarantee
our (ioods to hu the best In- the maiket.
Can fill attention paid to Island Ordcis
The Crystal Soda Works,
P. O. Box 1.97, Honolulu.
Well Telephone : : 2UH
Hutiutl Telephone : 3.'tO
G2T Orders loft with Benson, Smith &
Co., No. 11 Fort Street, will receive
We, olso, are Agents for tho sale
of J. W. HlHgley's
188 of his own manufacture. Oin
OOOL, OlFMT1 !
DID YOU SAY 1
Make your wife and children hnppy
by supplying them with
mado from pure Woodlawn
Go and surpiiso your folks, order a
bucket of our delicious Ice Cream. Wo
pack orders for Ico Cream from 1 to 50
qunrls in Patent Refrigerator Cans, war.
ranted, to keep its delightful flavor and
perfect fonn for many hours.
Families, Parties, Balls and Weddings
Our Fancv Cakes are tho Favorite
with all the Ladies of Honolulu.
CHOICE FRENCH CANDIES,
Imported fresh and in great variety by
Ring Up Dell Tclcpbono 182 or Mutual 330.
Tho Elito Ico Cream Parlors,
No. HfS Jlotol Hlrout,
Aio open dally until 11 p.m.
Brower & Cos line of Bo
Shippers'1 will plense toko notice that
tho fine iinrk
Will pnll from Boston for this port on
or about APRIL 1st nc.t. For parti,
eulnrs apply to
C. BREWER & Co.,
Or to CIIAS. BREWER & Co.,
iilU'.'m 27 Ktl by Street, Boston, Mass.
AVUrDlfJit's ft. te. CO.
GaCrEiSb King, Commander,
Leaves Honolulu each Tucclnv at
4 p.m., touching at Lnhnlna, itiaa
laea Bay, Makena, Mahukona. Ka
wnlhae, Laupuhoehoo and Hilo.
Returning, will touch at all tho
nlove ports, arriving at Houolulu
each Hatunla'- afternoon.
T1IK PAST HAIMNO
will run regularly
TO WAIALUA EVERY MONDAY,
Returning on Thursday, weather
For freight or passage apply to the
Captain on board, or to
Pacific Navigation Co.,
jy&A POU KOLOA & AVAIMKA
X iuyjtfi if a 1 1 a r
The Clipjicr Schooner
F. Kibbling, .... Master,
Will run regularly lo the ports of
KOLOA, HANAPEPB ii WA1MEA,
KAUAI. For freight or passage apply
to the Captain on board, or to the
Pacific Navioation Co.,
800 3m Cor. Nuuanu & Queen sis.
fiefs Stmsbip Co.
Commencing on Monday, October
12th, and thence on the llrst Monday
following the arrival of tho Alameda
and Mariposa on the 8th and 22nd of
The steamer Jiii:iil will make the
Volcano Trip, reaching Kcanhou on
Wednesday morning, giving Tourists
two days and two nights at the Volcano
When the Sth and 22nd of the month
fall on Monday, the Kinuti will leave
IS-;" Tickets far tho Round Trip. $50, which
pays all Chargcs."a
The Kiiiau will arrive in Honolulu
Sunday mornings on Volcano Trips. On
IIIlo Trips, will leave Honolulu on
TiicmIuv's, and ictuin Saturday morn,
ings. WILDKR'S STMSII IP CO.
Honolulu, Sept. 14, 18-5. 124 tf
Ice Cream Parlor
Lincoln's BM, Kill St.
A Fine ANMortiucnt of
Candies & Cakes
AhvuyN on limit!
JUST rccoived, "Tho Dogs of Greot
Ilritaln, America and other Coun.
tiles; Their Breeding, Training, and
Management in Health and Disease," by
Stonclicnge; "Incidents nnd Anecdotes
of the Civil War," by Admiral Porter.
11 .1. M. OAT, JR., & CO.
Dwelling: IIouso for Kent.
S'15 per Month and
THE largo dwelling house nnd lot
occupied by D. 1). Baldwin front
Ing on Dole sheet, at Punuhou, and run.
nhig through to Bcckwith street. The
houso contains 8 largo rooms. 3 pantries,
1 bathroom, 4 large closets, kitchen ad.
joining. There Is n large barn with
servant's room on tho grounds, olso an
olllco separato from the main building.
The lot is nearly 3 acres in extent and
ailbrds considerable pasturo and fire
wood. Everything in good repair. Gov-
eminent water lata on.
B. B. DOLE.
MELLER & HALBE'S
CASTLE & COOKE,
Life, Fire & Marino Insur'oo Agents.
Tlio Xew i:ii;Iuul
MUTUAL LIFE INS. COfVlP'Y,
Tho JEtna Fire Insuranco Co.
of Iliutford, Conn.
The Union J'lre ntttl
Marine Insurance Co.,
of San Francisco, Cala.
KSTAiiusiinn 1815, "
Capital 9,000,000 Rolchsmarks.
flMlK undersigned, having been ap
X pointed agent of the above Company
for the Hawaiian Islands, is prepared lo
accept risks, against Fire, on Rtilldltigf,
Furnltuie, Merchandise, Produce, Sugar
Mills etc., on the most Favorable Terms
Losses Promptly Adjusted and Payablo in
0?0 ly nt Wilder & Cos.
Thu J-: ni table I,ife ANnsirnut
Society of the United
l.HTAIII.INHI.n IX IKiitt.
ISSUES Policies on the most approved
cd Payments, Endowments; Tontine
Savings Fund, Tontines, Scmi.Tontine.s;
A. 1$. C. Tontines; Life and Survivor
bhlp Annuities; Children's Endowniuiila,
Joint Life Risks, Pnitneibhip Insurance,
etc., etc., etc.
Policies both Itinmilnulnlitn n.,.1 v....
Contested claims, none.
Before insuring elsewhere, call and
get an estimate.
It Is calculated that every reasonable
wish of the Insured is embodied in one
or more of tho plans.
For full particulars and pamphlets,
AI.HX. J. VAKTWKIUIIT,
General Agent for llawaliun Islands.
''piIE undersigned, a Committee of Di
JL rectors of the Equitable Life As.
suiunco Society of tho United States,
appointed to foi initiate the views of the
hoard on the advantages offered by tio
Society to the public, icporl:
1st The Society i-sues all tho nppror.
ed tin ms or avsuiancc, including Oidf.
nury Life, Et dowment nnd Tontinu pc.
Holes. It Is immaterial to the Directors
which lorm of policy is taken by in
5!d The Life and Endowment forms
of policy provide tor annual cash divi.
deiuU ailda suiiendei value; aie Indis.
nutablo after three years and payable
Immediately ntler proof of death.
!ld The premiums on a Tontine po
licy are the biime as on the Ordinary
Lite, but, while the latter is only pay.
able in tho event of death, the holder of
the Tontine policy has the right to draw
the whole of the reserve and the accu
mulated profits m cash at the end of a
stated period; thus, during his own life
time, alter his producing years are past,
he can, without any larger premium
than on mi outinnry policy, tccuro these
gi eater advantages.
4th Expel ienco shows that tho return
paid in eiibh on maturing Tontine po
Iicles approximates to or exceeds' the
amount of premiums paid by policy
holder., so ihat tho average cost ol the
assuninco will bconl n bout the Interest
on the premiums.
0th Tonttno policies, like others, are
paid In full in tho event of death at any
time dining the term of tho policy, and
are Incontestable utter three years, and
payable immediately after duo proof of
Cth Experience shows that the mor
tallty Is lower among Tontino poliey
hohlcis, us tho better lives seek tills
kind of assurances, which is a consider,
able souice of profit.
7th Tontine policies will bo made
non-forfeltnblo under tho laws of the
State, if so desired ut the time tho as.
surunce is clfcctcd.
Hid -Thu Tontiue system is fair and
just; its accounts aro accurately kept,
separate fiom all other business-, the
iiinus juuiciousiy invested and lmprov.
cd. and the accumulated piotlts faith,
fully guarded and properly apnoitioncd.
0th Tho Society has since its orgoni.
zation transacted a larger amount of
new business than nny oilier company,
whilo its new business for tho first half
of the present year is $1,750,000 larger
than that of the first half of 1884. It
has Assets of GO,000,000; over $14,000,
000 of Surplus, and its ratio of Surplus
to Liability is gieater than that of any
ClIAUKCUY M. DlCl'EW,
John A. Btkwaiit,
William A. Whkkloc E
Ciiahlks U. Landon,
Hknuv B. Hyde,
Committee of tho Board of Directors ,..
the Equitable Lll'o Assurance Society
of the United States.
ALEX. J. OARTWRIGIIT,
General Agent for Hawaiian Inlands
Equitable Life Assurance Society.
A RARE chance for securing a desir.
XX. ublo homestead. Thrco Lots only,
on tho easterly side of Muklkl Street,
adjoining the miiuka side of Mr. Walter
Seal's pluce. A very pleasant neigh,
borhoodj a never fulling supply of pure
water in the street from the Maklki
Reservoir. Terms, one third rash, tho
remainder In 1 and 2 years with Interest
at 8 per cent. net. Maps and plans can
be been at the olllco of
170 tf W. R. CASTLE. J
rpiIE largo and commodious Building
JL situated on Nuuanu Street, a few
doors above Hotel Street, and recently
occupied as a Drug Store by Messrs.
llollister & Co. From its location in a
central position on one of our most busy
thorough fares, it Is admirably adapted
to business purposes. For full iwirti.
culars, apply lo
AJiftA. J. UAltrWHUllT.
No. a Kaauuinnnu Sti
M - -.'--
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