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J'iuiUY, Feb. 12th.
Already ono hundred Chinamen
liavo engaged passage- for Hongkong
by the Mount Lebanon. ,
Mil. Smith, lately head freight
clerk of tho Inter-Island Steam Navi
gation Co., has resigned his position.
"Tin: Tower of llannoi" is tho
name -of an undent Chincso puz.lo
to he had at Oats' store. Unless one
is sharp enough to hit the comhina
. tion, he muy work at the thing till
next election without solving it.
Mn. Charles Dioglie, fonneily of
Broglio it Spear, jewellers, Honolulu,
is managing a stylish lunch room at
Jacksonville, Florida, which uses
comic bills of fare as an antidote to
its green corn, mince pics and succo
tash. At the trial of u Chinaman for
murder in St. Louis, one of tho inter
preters engaged is Mr. .1, S. llapper,
u theological student, sou of Hov.
Dr. ilapper, American missionary at
Canton, and brother of Mrs. F. Wi
Damon, of this city.
TliK auction sale of L. J. Levey
this morning, of general merchan
dise, vehicles, horses and mules, was
largely attended. Two express wa
gous and a phaeton were sold at fair
prices. About 20 hoibcs and mules
from Waimanalo plantation were
also sold, at prices ranging fiom
$11.50 to .$50.
Cai'T. Shopioj, master of the
whaler J. A. Howland, that arrived
this morning from San Francisco,
"was taken to the Hospital on a
stretcher. He is troubled with rheu
matism affecting tho heart. The
whaler will oruiso about tho Islands
until after the arrival of the Ala
meda, when she will receive her
ollicerB and sail for the Arctic.
Government and other schools are
closed to-day in honor of the Corona
tion anniversary. Government offices
are closed, and there is a line display
of bunting over tho city and port
tho bark Chilena making the finest
allowing of Hags. At noon a royal
salute was iircd from the Kakaako
battery. This afternoon Her Majesty
holds a garden party, that will doubt
less prove ono of tho' most brilliant
events of the session.
Tiik meeting of tho Fire Depart
ment was well attended last evening.
A" member, who was charged double
faro by an expressman for taking
him to the late lire, thought the
Hoard should ask tho Minister of the
Interior to regulate the scale of
charges in tho matter of carrying fire
men ,on duty. There was a discus
sion, without definite result, on the
question of what was to be done
when a company had moie than tho
full complement of fifty members.
Mn. Strong has a sylvan piece of
Hawaiian scenery n view at King
Dros.' art store, and Mr. Tavernier a
gorgeous view of Hilo Hay, with tho
steamship Kinau, in moonlight. At
tho samo place is hung a chart of tho
Honolulu regatta course, drawn by
W. A. "Wall from maps of tho Govern
ment Survey.) Anybody can see how
to win a raco by consulting it. Just
get your boat round tho spar buoy
first, and boo that no other fellow's
craft catches up on tho home stretch.
Tiik steamer Ivy Holmes, on her
way to Hawaii sovoral days ago,
sighted tho Domitila and took her in
tow. The steamer and wreck pro
ceeded slowly for about ten hours,
when a heavy swell set in and tho
soa became rough. Tho prize was
let go, tho Holmes steaming for Ha
waii, whero she mot the Kilauea Hon
and reported tho whereabouts of tho
wreck. The Kilauea Hon on her re
turn to Honolulu cruised for tho Do
mitila but saw nothing of her. Tho
captain thinks she might have been
turned over and sunk by high seas.
Tho Kilauea Hon also brings news
of exceedingly dry weather.
Saturday, Feb. 13th.
Twei.vi: years to-day has King
The foundry employees 1(10 stiong
woro photographed in a group this
noon by Mr. J. J. Williams.
A party of tho passengers in tran
sit by tho Mariposa were driven in
Dodd's four-horse 'bus this morning
Yesterday tho pupils of Iolani
collcgo had a day's outing at Waikiki,
nceompanied by tho head master,
Hov. W. 11. Dames.
Tin: steamer St. Paul will take
10,000 bags of sugar, and tho S. S.
MaripoBa 30,000 bags. On tho latter
vessel work will bo continued tho en
Noh. 10 and 11 of Mr. Dergot's
"Melo Hawaii" linvu been received by
Messrs. .1. M. Oat, Jr., it Co. Their
titles arc "1'ili Aoao" and "Mahiiui
E. 1'. Auamh it Co.'s gicat credit
miction sale has been so successful
to-day that Messrs. Haekfeld & Co,
have ordered it to be continued on
Monday. Tho sale of E. O. Hall it
Son stock was withdrawn from auc
tion, having been closed out at private
Mr. J. Mort Oat goes to tho Coast
by tho Mariposa. In his absence Mr.
Eekloy and Mr. Hewitt will conduct
tho business of J. M. Oat, Jr., it Co.
Mr. O.i t will bo missed, and every
body will long for his return with'a
now stock of jokes for tho black
board. Mr. Goldborg is sending tho ynung
Hters after " papa," to got him to buy
his No. 150 shirt, by presenting tlioin
with neat little nose-wipera on which
Tim DAfoY BTHOTffffl, BITMMAflyt HONQfrtOT, H, ?,, SAUTOPAY,
(in inscription solicits their kind
olllees to the above end. As tho
Dpi.i.eti.v Mull's numbers rango only
from 12 to 1(1, wo can fearlessly com
mend this stroke of advertising enter
pnVo. Tiik Australia was detained at
Sydney until tho Pith, owing to her boil
ers being refused a certificate by tho
inspector, involving repairs that would
take some days. An accident also
happened to the Chief Engineer,
serious enough to keep him off duty
for a short period. She will bo duo
here on the 20th, giving an oppor
tunity for communication with the
Coast not expected.
Capt. Doyd, ono of the pilots car
ried oil' from San Francisco by the
Zoalandia, is going homo by the St.
Paul, having enjoyed his involuntary
holiday in the tiopies very much.
As ho had come out to pilot another
vessel, he is not under pay like his
comrade, who is entitled under the
pilot laws to $8 per day and to bo
returned free at the charge of the
vessel carrying him oil.
The following names are registered
at the Hawaiian Hotel: Lt. Col.
Wilson, F. A. L. Pophain, C T, Per
kin, Sam'l Kay and son, Col. Durlton
and A. J. Dennett, all hailing fiom
England, most, if not all of whom
remain over from the Mariposa to
spend a while doing the islands.
Theie are alsorogistoiod, J. I). Mans
field, Jr., Of New Zealand, Dr. G. M.
Slate and Mis. Slate, of Sydney, and
Gen. G. S. Field, of New York.
The long expected "Merry Makers"
have at last anived. They will re
main hero until the arrival of tho
next steamer for San Francisco, and
will piobably give two performances
at tho "Hawaiian Opera Homo".
This troupe has played successfully
in Japan, China, India, Austialia,
parts of Africa, Fiji, and New Zea
land. Their specialties aie too
numerous to mention, but judging
from the reputation they sustained
and comments by tho press excellent
amusement may bo looked for. The
following aio tho names of tho Merry
Makers : Mr. and Mrs. N. Norton, E.
Dridge, II. Norman and II. Leroy.
Mr. Norton was with the Dilly
Emmerson Minstrel Compnny eight
years ago and is well-known.
Monday, Feb. 15th.
Detective Deo is off to 'Frisco with
" my honey," McCarthy.
The steam roller was ploughing
a portion of Queen street this morn
ing, preparatory to macadamizing.
The wife of Mr. Marcos, police
officer, died on Saturday of consump
tion, leaving three little girls mother
less. A thunder-storm on tho Waiauae
rango yesterday afternoon, renewing
last night, brought refreshing showers
in its train.
Tin: steamer Iwalaui called at
Niihau on her last trip, but on
account of tho roughness of the sea
sho was unable, to approach tho
The Mariposa took from tho Gene
ral Post Office a mail of 7,30'J letters,
weighing 18!) pounds 13 ounces, and
2,5!)7 packages of papers, weighing
712 pounds 8 ounces.
Some alterations are being made to
tho passenger accommodations of tho
steamer Iwalaui. Eight state looms
are being built and the ventilation
and light of the saloon are being im
piovi'd. Detective Tims. McGilHn caught
John Do Graves, express driver, last
evening, with 88 tins of opium bagged
in his hack. At tho Station John
said tho contraband freight was for a
Chinaman, but the Celestial could
not bo found. To-day Do Graves was
brought up before Justice Dickerton,
The Lucas-Mullen one-mile skating
raco at tho Yosomito Kink Satunlay
night diew a largo eiowd. Tho con
test was inteiesting from tho begin
ing. Mullen gained about a foot
every lap, and would probably have
won tho race had ho not fallen. As
it was Mullen foil when about half
the distance was accomplished, and
was beaten by about 20 feet distance.
The Hand concert in honor of Sir
Alexander and Lady Stuart on Satur
day evening was a delightful event.
There was never a more tasteful or
beautiful chromatic illumination than
that presented on tho front of the
Hotel through the exertions of
Manager Graham, at tho very short
notice given him notwithstanding.
Mr. Derger got exceptionally good
music from tho baud, tho vocal efforts
in tho pieces fiom "Melo Hawaii"
being fine indeed, causing great de
light to tho guests of the occasion.
Four aged natives, while lishiug
with a net at Puiialuu, Koolau,
Thursday evening, were carried to
sea in their boat and nearly drowned.
The sea became very rough, and a
strong current was running. The
boat got into tho breakers and was
captjized. Tho natives clung to tho
ovei turned vessel, and woro well
nigh exhausted when Captain
McGregor, of tho schooner Manuoka
wai, and his sailors went to tho rescue
in a si"-r boat. Tho llshernian's net,
which was lost, was valued at $ 100,
and sovoral stalwart natives who
iecovered it tho noxtmoiiiiugreceived
J. A. Keichaiit and L, J. Scott, tried
on Saturday last for assault with a
knife on Capt. A. D. Hayloy, woro
brought up for sentence in tho Police
Court this morning. They worn
lined .$30 each and sentenced to live
days' imprisonment at h.i -d labor,
with costs, $2.50 in Koleha.-is, ud
$-1.30 in Scott's ciibc. llcichnrt had
plea led guilty, Scott not g'lllty. Mr.
Avery appeared for the foimer and
Kinney and Peterson for iho latter.
On the delivery of sciiteiw ,-, an ap
peal was noted on behalf of Keichart.
Tho evidence showed that Keichart
had threatened Capt. Hayley with a
knifo on tho Hawaiian Hotel promi
ses, lato at bight, and that Scott
urged him to use the weapon, both
venting the foulest language, besides
annoying Mrs. Hajley by seeking
admittance to her husband's cottage
in looking for him.
Tuesday, Feb. 10th.
The earthen lloor of the Fish
market is being macadamized.
Tin: drill night of the Honolulu
Killes has been changed (o Wednes
Six huge mules and a hbiso came
by the bark Forest Queen for T. II.
Davies it Co. this morning.
Kyan is building a 21-foot whalo
boat for Gay Uros., Kauai, also a
largo whalo boat for Kona, Hawaii.
A ai.AM-Toof a door in the "Press"
ofllco smashed a pane of glass. Thus
one of tho shining lights of Hawaii
Mu. Ando, the new Japanese Con
sul and Diplomatic Agent, has taken
up his ollleial residence at 227 Nun-
ami street, the house of the lamented
The now oflkers of the Hawaiian
Kainio Company aio announced in
this issue, and the selection is such as
to give promise of substantial promo
tion of tho enterprise before the year
Capt. Lovell, master of the tern
Ke An Hon and agent of the Pacific
Navigation Co. at Jaluit, Marshall
Islands, took to wife last evening
Miss Ida D. Lyle, daughter of Mr.
James Lyle, of the Marino Railway,
Kev. E. C. Oggel fastened the nup
tial bands in presence of the immedi
ate friends of the contracting parties.
A happy couplo embarked on tho
voyage of life, their many friends
wish them smooth seas and favor
This noon a native express driver
drove a nativo woman to tho wharf,
within tho 25-cent limit, but asked
an extra quarter for two small tin
pails she had with her. Tho woman
declined to pay the extra amount,
whereupon the driver took her off to
the Station House. Thero Ofliccr
Fohlbehr, after hearing both sides,
supported the woman in her refusal.
The driver would not, however, ac
cept the quarter tendered, but
diove off, leaving bis fare on the side
walk to return to tho whaif as she
might. During the time wasted by
tho exacting driver, ho could have
earned two or three times tho amount
in dispute, as the officer told him.
Wednesday, Feb. 17th.
Louis Kaltofen, of Waiinea, Kauai,
has been adjudged a bankrupt on his
Mr. John Smith, formerly employ
ed by Wilder it Co., and later by the"
Inter-Island Steam Navigation" Co.,
left for San Francisco by tho Mary
Dodge this afternoon.
Yesterday afternoon four "Angus"
bulls, ranging in age from 11 to 18
months, weie sent by tho steamer
W. Gi Hall for Kapapala ranch, Ha
waii, for breeding purpos.es.
The Hook it Ladder Company's
now truck, disabled on tho occasion
of tho recent fire, has been put in
running order by tho Hawaiian Car
riage Manufacturing Company.
Paia Mill, Maui, has suspended
operations for a short time on ac
count of the breaking of a pinion. A
new one will be cast to-day and sent
to Paia by tho Dowsett to-morrow.
It was rumored this morning that
the Domitila had been pieked up by
tho steamer Lehua and towed into
Lahaina, Maui, but no one seems to
know how tho news eaino here, iu no
vessel has arrived from Lahaina to
day. Mil. J. 1. Dowsett's now schooner
Susie Dowsett, nicknamed "Toot soy,"
sailed this afternoon on her maiden
trip for Heeia, Koolau, with about 30
tons of coal. "Tootsoy" sits hand
somely upon the water, and will, no
doubt, prove satisfactory to her owner
as well as builder.
A Chinaman entered Police Justice
Dickerton's house, in the absence of
Mrs. Dickerton on Monday afternoon,
and was luinmaging a jewel box
taken fiom a bureau, when ho was
surprised by Miss Eva, the judge's
daughter, and escaped by a window
without taking any booty.
The K. II. Dand i playing this
hour at the Immigration Depot, for
tho delectation of tho Japs, and will
play at tho Queen's Hospital to-morrow
afternoon. It will give a moon
light concert on Friday evening, and
niako tho usual appearance on Satur
day afternoon, at Emma square.
Tin: baud concert last evening at
Emma Square was largely attended
by an appreciative audience, who
loudly applauded sovoral selections.
Encores weio responded to with Alii
Wela and Lei Lehua. The evening
was magnificently bright and would
have been, but for a slight shower,
It was reported this morning that
tho schooner Canute was for sale. On
inquiring of Messrs. T. II. Davies it
Co., agents for tho vebsel, about her
future movements, it was learned
that no definite action has been de
cided upon, but the schooner will
either be put on tho inter-island trade
or will return to San Francisco with
At a mooting of tho Koyal Hawa
iian Hotel Co., held yesteiday morn
ing, it was decided "to accept the
charter gi.uitcd by the Privy Council,
and the following oflleers wero elect
ed: President, Geo. W. Macfarlane;
Vice President, A. J. Cartwrfght;
Treasurer, E. 0. Macfarlane; Secre
tary and Auditor, Walter S. Hanks;
Doard of Directors, A. J. Cartwright,
Samuel Parker, E. C. Macfarlane, S.
M. Damon and Gto. W. Macfarlane.
Two hundred and five of the newly
arrived Japanese immigrants wore
shipped by the Kiimu yesterday as
follows; 50 men and 18 women to
Hilo Sugar Company, 38 men and (V
women to Waiakea Sugar Company,
and 50 men and 1!) women to Hakii
lau Sugar Company. Thirty men
and twenty women wero sent by
Messrs. F. A. Schaefer it Co., by tho
steamer C. U. Dishop, this noon, for
Mr. W. II. Purvis, Kukuihacle,
For a week after Iho S. S. Mara
loa passed through heio eu ionic
fiom Han Fiaiieisco to tho Colonies,
there were rumors that tho captain
had repot ted thu Alameda to have
been sending up signals of distress
when sighted on the thinl night out.
For prudential reasons we refrained
from publishing the report. The
fact is the captain of tho Mararoa
told a lady passenger, and perhaps
others, ,on tho morning after meeting
the Alameda, that tho latter vessel
had startled him by sending up blue
rockets, but that his anxiety was
allayed on finding (or remembering)
that the Oceanic Company's steam
ers used blue rockets for mutual
recognition when they passed at
night on tho high sea.
Thursday, Feb. 18th.
The mango season isTelose at hand.
Tin: U. S. Consulate needs a now
Laiioii and capital An urchin
turning over a load of wood to find a
Tin: last number of "O Luso Ilawa
iiano" is illustrated with a woodcut of
the crater of Kilauea.
There is at last a prospect of the
mynah birds being oxtiipated, they
having manifested an appetite for the
A dividend of five dollars per share
is payable to shareholders of the
Princovillo Plantation Co., at Messrs.
C. Drower it Co.'s office.
A resident is quietly working up
a pioject of lighting Honolulu with
electricity, but it depends ii'ion the
favor of tho coming Legislature.
A MARK has been placed on the
top of Punchbowl to indicate the
highest point, and many people climb
tho hill to ascertain what the thing is.
Tin: Japs that went by the Makec
this noon looked like a band of
Digger Indians, as thoy marched
along Fort Street enveloped in blight
Mr. Towksbury, of tho Customs,
was engaged this morning in ascer
taining tho killing rango of bonded
beverages for happy and careless
denizens of the realm,
Mr. T. II. Norton, an old whaler,
who 30 years ago had charge of tho
whaling vessel Onward, and who has
been very ill at tho Hospital for some
years, is said to be in a critical stato
The steamer Jus. Makee sailed this
noon. She took 50 males and 21
females of tho Japanese liuiuigiants
for Makec Sugar Co., Kauai, and 20
men and!) women for Mr. Wideiiiann,
TllEitE seems to be unusual inter
est taken in chess playing of late.
Mr. Meyer, of Hollistcr it Co.'s drug
store, since tho recent death of a
well-known pioticiout, has been un
able to find an equal in tho game.
Capt. Shockley, of tho whaler
Howland, who was taken to the Hos
pital tho other day, is imptoving, but
will not bo able to take command of
tho vessel again. Word has been sent
to San Francisco to send out another
captain to take chargo of tho How
land. Tin: Honolulu Killes mustered in
good foiee last night to diill. There
aro several applications for member
ship to bo. voted upon at tho next
meeting, and the promenade concert,
a short encampment and another
target practice will be subjects of dis
cussion. The whaler Abraham
rived this morning, 55 days fiom
San Francisco, via Maria Island,
with no oil. Tho mate's wife
being ill was landed heio and
will return to tho Coast by
tho next steamer. The Darker will
sail to-morrow morning for a shoit
cruiso and will leturn for her captain
who is expected by tho steamer Satur
Friday Feb. lth.
The jolly bandmaster is the busiest
man in town this week.
The steamship Parthian may eomo
instead of the Australia.
A PH.i'.-DRiVEii, to sink piles for
Waimea bridge, was sent by tho
schooner Maty Foster this afternoon.
The powder spoken of in lastoven
ing's issuo of this paper has been dis
charged from the vessel and put in a
Messrs, E. P. Adams it Co. had a
very fair sale to-day, tho intimation
of "bankrupt stock" drawing, as
usual, a largo crowd.
Tin: Superintendent of the Dell
Telephone Co. protected himself
from u wedding serenade over tho
OTDEUJAF &Q, 1888.
.? " f
diMachiii'j tin call boll ir.
A i iwui
throi gh Qu
To s.no th
whaleboat was touv
eu Mr-el and across tin
tlm harbor this forenoon.
horse umvir, tho ne.M
might, have beet
Thei.e wis a fair attendance at
Mr. Livcy'- wilo of Mr. HassingcrV,
effects vest iday, bidding was livelj
and prices reasonably good. An
aggregate of a little less than $3,(Xh)
A native prisoner wa this morn
ing seen lustily leaving a house on
Moubrnt Mrcot, which ho had en
tered lor thieving purposes, durin ,
the absence uf tho tenant, but wu i
frightened rway by somebody coining
Before . udge Preston to-day th
assign es o S. J. Levey it Co. bega i
an cMiiuinii ion into the affair of th
estate, whie i are soniewli.il involved.
A giert di il of evidence was taken,
ami to 'obliin still mor" the hoarin,;
is to be cot tinned.
At the n mlhly meet'tig of the .
C. T. I ., he d yesterday i eomniitte)
was a qioii 'id to rece o Mr. Wn .
Noble, the tcinpii.inco -'vangolist, f
Lngl.i'id, a..d makearrai genients m r
his mi.'tinr i in eo-npornt.on with tn.
Y. M. C. v. Mr. Nob) is expect) d
here a tout bo 8th of M i -eh.
Mu. F. L Clark" bin contrived i
new n ode t f displaying ferns, whicu
is vet esllutic. 1 hoy i.te inounttl
on a phis baokjroui (', giving an
appe.n.ince under glat.s of lloatiii;;
in ii liquid. Iho rilver suord plait
looks o.speciiHy pn tly i i such a coi..
binati .n. iptcinu'iis fii'ined may bo
seen a1 Kiig Uros." ait note.
A mioiii boat bcloi,,ing to Mr.
llerbe t go adiift fiom Waikiki l.nt
night, am. has not yt been iv
eoieu 1. '!U'lc dollari reward wr.s
offered to ti e boatmen for the return
of the lost vessel, and this morning
two of the boys went out in the sloop
Lena, but wero compelled to return
on ac 'win of a rough sea without
the missing boat.
Horoi.ui.u society was lively last
ovenii g. What with two wedding.,
the pf rformaneoof the Merry Makeis,
a largo evo ting patty at Mr. Castle s,
tho u eetii g of the Y. M. C. A., and
tho toil of tho tollers at tho Yosomito
rink, then was varietj enough for
all tastes, boine people aro only
sorry this morning that they w'cre
not a.ilo to bo in two or three places
at tin sam time.
Tin: steamer Iwalaui arrived from
tho island J Niihau this morning f r
a diving tint and app.tiatus. Site
neither it joived nor landed any
freight or .la-sengcrs, but sailed is
soon .is possible for N ihau, when,
with the ai 1 of the diving rig, an 1. 1
tempt will bu made to recover the
boiler of tho wrecked Planter. The
Iwalaui will arrive hero Sunibiy
morning t her usual hour wnh
sugar and passengers fiom Kauai.
C.PITAL AND LABOR.
JI I.IUS VOOKI,, PREMIER OK
The wilfaro and l.i ppincss of a
coii.iiuniU depend, in my opinio n,
upon its members being occupied
and emp'oyed. A community of
which a 'avge portion has not work
to do nn 'it bo an unhappy one, 1 ut
it vnll b no less un'i ippy if tho&o
who pcrf rm tho woik arc not well
paid for their lubor. The proposi
tion, the1, stands limb: Thocun
munity is- happy whosu members aie
well occupied anil well paid for their
labor. A community of this kind
attains o '. important condition of
hnpi iuess in n 'jenon I ilistribui on
of wealn. All theoretical com
nuinistio divisions of .vealth are, to
my inind. hopoleis. '1 lie one condi
tion imtl "i which W'lllli becomes
generally distributed ii that of wjll
paid Iain r which oi joys u sui Ins
ovei and above the ( penscs of liv
ing. Th" way is thus open to fho
employed of to-ilny occoming the
cmployei of to-morrow. Labor can
not louri ill unless there is capital to
support it. The wai ts and mc ms
of ii co; nnunity which is without
capital ii'u so small that the demand
for labo? is attenuated. Labui to
be well aid, require.-, then, the aid
of capit: I, and wo aie thus brought
to (lie question of what should be
tho relation between labor and cqii
Uil. Altaough there iu such an inti
mate in, ion iu labor and capital,
thui o is ;ct a groat deal of antagon
ism belwecn them.
The union and antagonism are
easily shown by a familiar example.
A fictory, we will suppose, is estab
lish 'd. Itft owneis, by the use of
capital and the employment of labor,
iiia!,e a ortuno. They would not
have done so without the uso of their
capital, nor without tho labor thoy
required being available. The ques
tion, tin ii, arises, has labor prollted
as much as it should have done?
11ns it r'ceived a fair share of the
fortune, made? The cry of the em
ployed in Knglaud is that they do
nol reeeivu a fair paitieipation, or,
in other words, that the profits have
been sullieicntly large to have en
nhioil the employers to pay more for
labor, a id retain les1- on account of
the cap'al supplied. If labor is
subjected to the universal competi
tion of ill climates and countries, it
ia clear fiut capital must be domi
nant, and thai the condition of well
paid labor, which I have contended
is one oif the necessary feature? of ft
happy community, must he ifholly
wanting. But an exact balance of
poier is evidently Impossible of
long continuance, and wo liavo to
face the question of whether it is
better for the happiness of tho com
munity that capital or labor bhould
have the greater political power. If
capital is dominant, il is sheer non
sense to assert that, more or loss, it
will not look after what suits it best.
It may stop short of positive ciuelty.
It may exhibit a great deal of indi
vidual kindness and good-hrarUd-neis,
but all the same, however, the
power of general tendency Mill bo
to seek for capital excessive advan
tages in the shape of cheap labor,
mid monopolising wealth in a feir
Dot if labor is dominant, it may
be said it will be just as unroason
ahk and bo as hard on capitalists
as iu tho other cape capitalist will
bo on laborers. There is no reason
to expect moro moderation frr tn the
one than the other, but self-interest
foiccs moderation on the la toriiig
classes. Capital can better afford
to wail than labor, and therein liei
the whole secret. If capital is in
the ascendant it fixes tho rite of
wa,';cs, and more or less compels
their acceptance If Ichor is in tho
asccn hint, and demand i porsi tently
a hig'ier rate of vages thun the
capitalists can afford to i ,iy, it
drives capital away kills the gooso
that la3s tho golden eggs. I may
be asked what I mean by capital or
labor being in the ascendant or
dominant. These aie examples:
The intluence of capital may educe
tho rate of import duties and throw
tluMis-ands of men out of employ
ment to compete with ouliuary
laborers. Again, it inoy stop public
wotks, and by doing so incrc so the
number of persons who will be com
pelled to accept any wages they can
obtain. Again, it may confine itself
to tho pursuit of industries which
require little aid from human labor.
Anil lastly, it muy take the most
mischievous shape of driving out
small capitalists who, depending on
a local market, aru confronted with
an impoverished people limbic to
buy. The small farmers, Jor ex
ample, must be ruined if tluy have
to depend on markets 1",000 miles
distant. Their suppoit ami safe
guard is a prosperous urlizan class
of local consumers.
On the other hand, labor in the
ascendant may impose many restric
tions upon capital which would be
greatly injurious to capitalist'). But
it may use its powar no further than
to sec that the conditions upj main
tained that will leave to capital pro
fitable employment, but forbid it
from unfair exactions on laboring
clashes. The tendency to exces
sively use power i equally likely to
follow tho dominance of cither
class. But, as 1 have pointed out,
self-interest most powerfully res
trains license on the part of the
laboring classes, because if they aro
unfair to capital they drive it away
and prevent its introduction from
abroad, i know that I am liable to
be told that this is not a suiilcicntly
rcstiaining intluence. All I have to
say iu reply is that it must prove so
unless the world ib to beco.no very
unhappy. Tho baUnce of political
power is more or ltss rapidly every
where passing into the hands of the
laboring classes, and small capita
lists. Simultaneously these classes
are becoming more thoughtful, and
butter educated. Kadicalisni is being
divided into two bchools t he con
8rvativo and thu unbridled. In my
opinion Conservative Radicalism will
c. try the day, and emplrycrs of
labor will find that a sufficiently
powerful section of the toiploycd
v ill prevent undue advantage being
tiikt ii of the laigcr politic. 1 power
that labor will mjoy. In short,
capital rcstiaimd fiom boing too
exacting, should find its best ally in
the moderate viewa of the thought
ful portion of the laboring classes.
Editor Dui.uvnx: Among the
many industries advocated by you
lor trial on these islands, I do not
lumember to htivo seen olive culture.
Has tho olivu ever bjcn triad here?
l'do not see why it should i ot thrive
and produce abundantly in Hawaiian
soil and climate. Indeed, consider
ing that its nativo homo is iu lati
tudes near our own, with similar
soil, I am of opinion tho olive would
do extremely well in this country.
With regard to the profitableness
of olive raising in countries adapted
to its requirements thero is no ques
tion. The ti ees live to a great ago,
and rcquiro but littlo care and little
moisture. The procesi of,gathering
the berries and expiessing the oil is
easy and comparatively inexpensive.
The oil is iu steady demand, and
varies but littlo in price. Hoiv
gieatly it would add to t'iu beauty
and wealth of Honolulu to have the
now bare mountain sides fac'ng tlie
city covered with flourishing olivo
yards 1 Professor.
. - ti
"Half the hooks iu this library
nro not worth reading," paid a sour
visaged, hypercritical, novel-satlated
woman." "Head the other half
then," gratuitously adUed a bystander,
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