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W FRIDAY. MAKCI1 12, 188C.
(Extracts from Nature, November
On Saturday, October 17th, n.
special train from Victoiia coneycl
a party of about 200 guests, among
whom weie many leading electric
ians, engineers, and other well
known men of science, to Glynde,
in Sussex, to witness the ceremony
of the opening of the Hist telpher
line erected in this country. The
ccietnpny was performed by the
Viscountess Hampden, and was of
an exceedingly simple character; on
lifting a small box- containing a
picscnt which the Chairman of the
Comnnnv invited her ladyship to
accept, electric communication was
instantly established between the
dynamo in the cngine-houso and the
telpher line, and a train loaded with
clay at once began to move up an
incline towards the Glynde Railway
Station, amidst the applause of the
assembled spectators. "Whether this
ceremony, which bi ought so many
distinguished visitors down to Lord
Hampden's estate on Satin day, is
the inauguration of a great com
mercial enterprise is beyond our
m province to impure ; but it is un-
miestionable that the sli'Mit Hash
mt seen when Lady Hampden lifted the
little box lying on tne nunc in iront
of the engine-house marked the be
ginning of a new departure in
ft" Tclvherane lias been dellned as
the transmission of goods and pas
sengers bv means of electricity witli-
m out driver, guaul, signalman, or
attendants. The conception of
propelling electrically a continuous
stream of light trains along an
elevated single xail or rope was due
to the late i'rof. Flceuiing Jcnkin,
but, as stated by him in his intio
ductory address at the University of
Edinburgh, he did not sec his way
to carry this conception into practice
until be read the account of the
electrical railway exhibited by Pro
fessors Ayrton and Perry at the
Uoyal Institution in 1882, when the
idea of subdividing the mbbed con
ductor into sections and pioviding
an absolute block for automatically
preventing electric trains running
into one another, was first publicly
described. A combination between
these three gentlemen was then
effected, which led ultimately to the
formation of the Telpherage Com
pany, and to the scries of experi
ments, lasting for over two years,
on actual telpher lines erected at
Weston in llertfoulshire, on the
estate of Sir. Pryor, the chairman
of the company. Various devices
were worked out, forming the sub
ject of patents, which, together with
the other patents of Piofessors
Fleeming Jcnkin, Ayrton, and Perry
in telpherage, previously taken out,
are possessed by the present Tel
pherage Company. At the com
mencement of this year matters had
sufllcicntly advanced for the erection
of commercial telpher lines, and as
a tramway or road would have much
inlcrferrcd with the grazing and hay
growing carried on in the fields at
Glynde, and as, in addition, these
fields arc under water during the
winter, telpherage appeared to
furnish the cheapest and most suit-
fcr able mode of carrying the clay from
the clay pits to the London, Brighton,
and South Coast Railway. Conse
quently, the Sussex Portland Cement
Company decided to adopt this
method of transport.
The line now opened is nearly a
mile long, and composed of a double
set of steel rods, each CG feet long,
three-quarters of an inch in diameter ;
and 8 feet apait, supported on
wooden posts standing about 18 feet
above the ground. On the death of
the late lamented Prof. Jcnkin, the
construction of the Glynde telpher
line was left for completion in the
hands of Prof. Perry, who was then
appointed the engineer to the Com
pany. The new line, it must bo
understood, is more than a mere ex
perimental attempt. Although, as
scientific men will appreciate, a new
undertaking must necessarily involve
much tentative experience, the pro
gramme carried out on Satuulay
marked the final lesult of the ex
periences gained by the constructors
under the direction of Pi of. Perry,
and the Company arc now regularly
delivering clay at the Glynde Rail
way Station for the use of the New
haven Cement Company at a piice,
as wc arc informed, of 7Ad. per ton.
The garlanded train which passed
along the steel rodway on Saturday
consisted of an electric locomotive,
at about the middle of tho train,
frfi and propelled by the electromotor,
'.SB !ind ten SKCDS or IJUClvCis, muuu
hang by their travelling wheels from
the bteel line. Each skep weighs
101 lbs., and canics 250 to 800 lbs.
of dry clay, and by distributing
these evenly and somewhat widely
apart the strain on the steel lino is
small, although the total weight of
tho train and clay is about two tons j
also as equal weights aio simultan
- foiisly ascending and descending
similar inclines on tho several spans,
jlio effect of the sag oft tho mccban-
ieal resistanco of the train is i eutrtw
lisod, and little more resistance h
experienced than in hauling a similar
train along a rigid road. The rato
of travelling is J to C miles an hour,
about two electric horsepower only
being necessary to be furni hed at
the engiuchousc to propel tl ctratu
at this speed, and the train is under
the control of a workman wl o, by
touching n key, can stint, sup, or
levcrsc the tiain at pleacuic. (Here
follows a detailed description, with
n diagram, showing the mec.ianicjl
principles on which the sjYvein is
constructed, with the cost of updat
ing). Leaving these facts and figjics to
speak for themselves, it now only
remains to point out the advantages
claimed for this system of .'Icctiic
carriage. In the first pi cc tho
facility with which such a line cm
be run up and carried ovci uneven
around oracioss sticams, hicrli fences
and deep ditches, where an rdinary
railway would involve ser us ex
pense, is sufficiently obvioas. A
Telpher line need not, as a railway
necessarily does, impede the c rdinary
agricultural operations, but may be
can led over fields and pastire lands
with little inconvenience The
Telpher line is, moreover, ii itsel a
source of power which can be
simultaneously tapped at an desired
points and made to assist in the
work of agncultuic, as th visitors
oti Saturday had an opport uity of
witnessing when, bv mca. s of a
motor connected with tho line, a
turnip-cutter was put into oi eration.
The possibility of utilising natural
sources of power, like fallii g water,
and of working the line it gieat
distances from such sources will, as
already stated, be evident, to our
readeis. A special advantag claimed
for the new system is the ease with
which the trains can go round sharp
cuives without loss of po or, since
electricity having no mc nentum,
expei icnecs no loss in going round a
corner, whereas with the ovcihead
wire haulage system, as used in
Spain and elsewhere, theie is both
considerable friction and gieat wear
and tear of the running wiie ropes
where they go round sharp curves.
The constiuctors of the Glynde
line are careful to point out that the
present line is far from perfect;
unnecessary gradients have been in
troduced in order to show how the
system can be cariied over uneven
land, and many other improvements
have suggested themselves in the
com so of their experience, of which
advantage would be taken in future
undertakings. In face of these dis-
advantages, the success which maik
cd Saturday's proceedings renders
Telpherage, as a system, a very
hopeful and cheap method of transj
ference, and the Company is to be
congratulated in having taken the
first initiative step in this now appli
cation of electricity. That Tel
pherage will ever come into serious
competition with the largo railways
is not intended, for the statement
made by the Company is to the
effect that the function of the
Telpher line is not to compete with
railways, but to do cheaply the work
of hoiscs and carts, light tramways,
and the wire rope haulage system,
and this, wc think, it lin'i a good
chance of successfully accomplish
ing. Tilt, unehysigncd liegstocoll tho at
tcntion of 1'lantors and others who
may want to move u bUcecsiou of light
loads for moderate disianccb to (he sys.
By which a nearly continuous btrcim of
sugar cane or other mate'iiil may bo
moved by means of elect! 1c motors
drawing liuckets, baaktls or other con
tainers along astntioniuy e2cl lod bus.
ponded on posts, Ihe power being tup.
plied at a central fetation by intaiis of u
btuam engine or water pow u winking
on electric dynamo.
This system does not pro) .b to com
pete Willi tramways where the ground
is suitable for such a mode if convey,
anco, but the circumstances "tulcr w liicli
its advantages arc oppaienl .ire:
Where tho giotuid is verj rough, un
even or gulcliy, or where tlio gradients
nro bteop, as it lias no dlfllculiy In draw,
ing a loud up an Incline of 1 In 10;
Where tho spaco for a tiiunway can.
not well bo spared, or over twumps or
other ground luipractleablo for tram
ways. It can be taken alonir the high road
with us much fncllity nnd with little
more obstruction to tho tratl.c than by a
line of telephouo posts;
It bus tho advantages of the overhead
who rope system without ita disadvun.
luges, as there is not a long wire lopo to
drug with its attendant friction and loss
of power, whilst it can turn on blimp
Tho main lino cun bo moved'to differ,
cnt positions ut a moderate expense.
A lino is now working at Uljude in
For further particulars and cost, op.
W. li. RKEX,
Agent for tho Telpherage Company,
Limited, of London; also, Agent for
John Fowler &Co.'a Railways and
Kteam Plows, nnd Mlnlees, Watson
& Co.'s Sugar Machinery, f 00 lm
Dissolution of Co-nailner-ship.
THE partnership heretofore existing
between MAX EOICART and
JOSEPH HUBASH, under tho lltm
name of the Hawaiian Jowel Manufac
tory, Is this day dissolved by mutual
consent. Tho business will bo carried
on by Mr. MAX ECKART, who will as.
sumo all tho debts of suid concern, and
all bills due will be payable to him.
Qi 2w Jt&X ECKABT.
Pacific Hardware Company,
Succosaort to Dillingham & Co. and Samuel Nott.
FOKTSTREE., :::::: HONOLULU
Jus ixelvi I, ex S.S. Alameda mill St. Paul, latest designs in
Silver-Pit ted Wi r), Chandeliers & Lamps,
(202) Water Filters & Coolers, Cutlery, etc., etc., otc.
(Formerly with Samuel Notp.
importer mul Denier in
CHOCK ' T, f
LASSWAEE, HOUSE FUKNISIHNU HARDWARE,
AGATE IRON AND TINWARE.
Agent 5s Ts Safe
tipied by S. NO'l ',
t3g" 9torc fo
P. O. Box 2U
LEVI!. & CO,, GROCERS,
- IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Stn lo and JFVsncy Groceries,
07 aud 1 Hotel Street,
'.''y on the way. A nice assortment of Biscuits just received
delivered to Waikiki TucmIumi and Fridays.
flclNTYRE & BRO
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Gro ieries, Provisions and Feed,
EA C CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS.
New Orel's ri
Fro-diCalifr la T
ami Goods i.A'.'.vere
cited. Satis lotion
olved by every Packet from the Eiutcm States and Europe.
educe by every Steamer. All oideit. faithfully aitenihdto
to any part oi the city free of elm lire. Island oidi-rs ol.
mirantccd. Post Oftlce Box US. Telephone No. Hi. 1G81'
MI Mil lo. 8 Eflflhnum Street.
Grauite, iron and Tin Ware I
C lan teliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WAT BR PIPE and RUBBER HOSI,
993 i HEET
CO OJ OFF !
ICE ORE AH.
1 ) V U SAY V
id children happy
jr them with
Elft . Gc
made fn ji pur
Go and irprh
bucket ot r del
pack ordo. for I.
quarts in 1 .tent V
your folks, order n
)us Ice Ci earn. We
Cream from 1 to CO
f iterator Cans, war.
icllghtful flavor and
runted, to k 3p its
perfect foi i lor r.
Families, 'artier Balls and Weddings
with all th '
ea nrc tho Favorite
CHOICI FRENCH CANDIES,
Imported 1 csli an I in great variety by
Ring Up Bel.Tolcplnno 182 or Mutual 338.
The Eli o Icc Cream Parlors.
No. S!J XJotol Struct,
Aio open du ly untlljll l'.M.
JUST ice dved, 'The Dogs of Great
Urltuin, Am ica and other Conn,
tries: The Hri, line;, Training, nnd
Miuiageiui t in II tdth and DUcabe," by
StonelicnL ; ' In dents and Anecdotes
of tho Oiwl War,' by Admiral Porter.
44 J. M, OAT, JR., & CO.
and Lock Company.
opposite Spruckels &. Co.'s Bank", -n
TIN, COPPER AND
St'iii Candy Factory
Et tvl i -sliecl 186S.
No. 71 "HOTEL ST., between
Nuuauu and Foil Su.
Has always on hand the largest Stook
of Candies , both Plain and Fancy, gu.ir.
nnteed to be STRICTLY PURE
WlioleHulo uiul XSutuil,
Rich Wedding Cakes
Of a Twenty Years' Reputation, all
Sizes always on hand, ornamented
in any Stylo.
Pastries of All Description Made to
Order at Short Notice.
Bell nnd Mutual Telephone, No, 74.
1 O .Box No. 70. 100
Water, Ginger Ale,
Florida Lemonade, Acnitid Waters of
nil kinds, Fruit Symps and Essences.
We Use Patent Stuers
In nil our Bottles.
We Invite particular uttinlion to our
Patent r liter, recently Intioduced, by
which nil waters used in our manufac
tures Is absolutely freed fioin all im.
We deliver our Goods free of charge
to all parts of the city. We guiunnlee
our Goods to he the best in the market.
Careful attention paid to Island Ordeis.
The Crystal Soda Works,
P. O. Box ?.07, Honolulu.
Noll Telephone : : 2!)8
.llutiuil Telephone : U.'SO
t3T Orders left with Benson, Smith &
Co., No. 11 Fort Street, will uceUe
Wi, also, are Agents for the nlo
of J. W. HlHgley's
188 of his own niaiiufnuuio. Cm
A Large and well selected Stock of
comprised in part as follows:
Cutedel, White Wine,
Tokay, Sweet Muscat,
etc., in Casks and Cases.
Having been appointed sole agents
by Messtp. S. Laclimnn & Co. for their
jusily celebrated brands, wo are enabled
to iiflcr the above goods to our friends
and tho public generally at unusually
Ereeth & Peacock,
M'lXjDIfllt'S S. S. CO.
Leaves Honolulu each Tui Bdav at
4 p.m., touching at Lahalnn, Maa
laen Buy, Makena, Mubuknna, Ka
walbao, Laupuboeboo and Uilo.
ltoturnlug, will touch at all the
alovo ports, arriving at Honolulu
eacli Baturduv afternoon.
THK VAST 8AII.1NO
will run iegularly
AVAIALUA EVERY MONDAY.
Returning on Thursday, weather
For freight or passage apply to the
Captain on board, or to
Pacific Navigation Co.,
FOR KOLOA & WAIMEA
The Clipper Schooner
F. Kibbling, . ! . - Master,
Will run regularly to tho ports of
KOLOA, IIANAPEPE & WAIMEA,
KAUAI. For freight or passago apply
to the Captain on board, or to tho
Pacific Navigation Co.,
600 Sm Cor. Nuuanuifc Queen svs.
CASTLE & COOKE,
Life, Firo &. Marino Insur'co Agents.
The Xoiv Iliiglntul
MUTUAL LIFE INS. COMP'Y,
Tho .ZEtna Firo Insurance Co,
of Hartford, Conn.
Tlic Union Firo mnl
of San Fiaiiclsco, Cnlii.
Capital, 9,000,008 Flclchsmarks,
rpilE undemigned, having bien ,ip
X pointed agent of the above Company
for thu Ilawalinn Islands, Is prepared to
accept risks, against File, on Buildingi,
Furniture, Merchandise, Produce, Sugar
Mills etc., on tho most Favorable Terms
Losses Promptly Adjusted and Payaulo in
Wilder a Uo's.
The JTCquitiiblc J A in A'miiiiuic
fcJocicty oi" tJic Unitcil
ISbUES Policies on the nio-t npjiroved
plant, viz :-Onllnary Life, i.ife, Limit,
ed Payments, Endoiwiuut'f; Tontine
Snvlii,i Fund, Tontitiei, SumLTonliiiesj
A. 11. C. Tontines; Lilu am. Sunhor
hi) Annuities; (Jhlldn n'- E idowiuentH,
.lolntLife Risks, 1'nrtin.r hlj Insurunto,
etc., etc., etc.
Policies both InconieMable and Non
Contested claims, none
Retoie insuring clscuheie, coll .and
get an estimate.
It is calculated that every reasonable
wish of the insured is embodied hi one
oi more of thu plans.
For lull particular, nnd pamphlets,
ALI2X. J. CAHTlVltKillT,
General Agent for Hawaiian Islands.
JTMIE undersigned, a Cdmmitteo of Di
JL lectors ol ihe Equitable Life As
eurunce Society of the United States ,
appointed to foimulutu the views of the
liuard on the advantages ollcred by I to
buclety to the public, icport:
1st The Society ikMio oil the npprav.
ed forms ol aisuranee', including Ordi
naiy Life, ELdowment and Tontine po.
licies. It is immaterial to the Directois
which form of policy is taken by in
ad The Life and Endowment forms
of policy provide for annual cash divi.
deads and a sui render value; aro lnditj.
putable after three years and payable
immediately alter proof of death.
iJd Tho premiums on a Tontine po
licy are the same as on the Ordinary
Lite, but, while the hitter is only pay.
able in the event of death, tho bolder of
the Tontine policy has the right to draw
tho whole of the reserve and tho accu.
mutated prollts in rash at the end of a
stated period; thus, during his own life,
time, niter his producing years nic past,
he can, without any larger premium
Uiuu on un ordinary policy, hccuiu these
4th Experience showb that tho leiurn
paid in cash on maturing Toutiuu po
licies approximates to oi exceeds the
amount of premiums puid by policv-
holdeis, to that the average cost ot tho
assurance will be only about the interest
on the pieiniums.
Gth Toutiuu policies, like others, aio
paid in lull in the event of death ut any
time during the term of the pulley, and
aro incontestable alter three ycuiu, and
payable immediately after duo proof of
0th Experience shows that the mor.
tallty is lower among Tontine policy,
holders, us the better lives s-ci'k Una
kind ot assurances, which is n consider.
7th Toutino policies will bo made
non-lorfeitablo under the laws ol the
State, if bo desired at the time the as
surance ib effected.
8th 'Ihe Tontine system lb fair and
just; its accounts aiu ncciutitcly kept,
beparuto tiom all other busitichs; the
funds judiciously invented and improv
ed, and thu aceumul itcd piolltB lalth.
fully guarded ami properly appoilioncd.
Dili 'Ihe Society lias smi.u its orguni.
zution transacted a large1 amount of
new business than uny oilier company,
while its new busineis foi tho first half
of the present year Is !?1,0,0u0 larger
than thutof the llrst ball of 1881. It
has Assets of 5.00,000,000; over 14,000,
000 of Surplus, aud iuiatioot Sin plus
to Liability is grcitti than that ot iiuy
ClIAUNCUY M. DlU'UW,
John A. S'ii.waiit,
William A. Whkelock,
Ciiaiii.i's G. Landov,
11i;miv U. Uyul',
Committee of the Bo.u I of Dliectors of
thu Equitable Lllo Atsuiancu Society
of the United States.
ALEX. J. CARTWRIGI1T,
General Agent for Hawaiian Islands
Equitable Life Aseurancu Society.
To Lot Furnished,
AT Kllauea, Kauai, a comlortablo
llousuuud Cottage eminently suita
ble ror a family wishing to spend a
til ji t time in tho country. Apply to
. 30 tl Kllauea, Sugar Co., Kauui.
Notice oi Letters Patent.
ALL persons are hereby notified that
Letters Patent weie issued by iho
Hawaiian Government to JAMES
KENNEY ot Honolulu on tho 10th day
of December, A.n. 1885, for an iiupiove
incut in brake, gig and chaise springs,
and that said Letters Patent were un
signed by the suid James Kenuey to tho
Hawaiian Carrlngo Manufacturing Com
pany on the i!2ud day of December, a.u.
1885, wherefore the tald Hawaiian Cur.
lingo Manufacturing Company hereby
warns till persons against inliingiug on
tho btiid l.ctleis Patent .
HAW'N CARRIAGE MANF'G Co.
Honolulu, Dec. 22, 1SS0, 08 tf
4 - t . J
A ci- J
W . -Et1