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V SATtJKDAY.MAllCIIUl.188G. the lntcr.Islnml Stcnm XnvlgatlonCom. Kaf1. I.
A LECTURE ON THE EYE.
Dr. A. Harlian lectured last Fri
day evening on u Blindness," to :in
niidlrncu which crowded the Cooper
Medical College assembly looms.
Ho said Hint two years ago lie was
commissioned to examine the in
mates of Hie Asylum for Hie Wind
at Berkeley. Out of thirty-tin co
cases then examined, in onc-'mlf
blindness was unavoidable ; in eight
cases it might have been avoided
almost certainly ; in the other eight
cases it should have been entirely
prevented. These ilgurcs indicate
criminal negligence and stupidity of
parents, nurses or physicians. He
Biiid it is indeed fearful to realize
the vast number of cases which,
out of the 700 of our State, out of
the beveral thousand of the United
States, out of the hundreds of
thousands of Europe, and out of the
grand total of 1,000,000 blind in
the world, might have been saved
from total blindness. Statistics
show that -100,000 cases out of that
1,000,000 might have been saved
from blindness and its attendant
The lecturer spoke of eye diseases
from inheritance ; eye diseases pecu
liar to school life ; eye diseases con
sequent on general diseases ; infec
tious diseases of the eye and blind
ness arising from injuries to the
eye. Short-sightedness, squinting
and cataract arc usually hereditary.
Eye diseases may also be inhciitcd,
as statistics prove. Transmitted
constitutional diseases are apt to
become sources of eye trouble.
Scrofula is a frequent source of
troublo to children's eyes. Medical
remedies can do little for these pos
sessors of poor blood, and they
must find remedies in country air
and out-door life. A plan to send
the sickly children of our poor in
masses to the country for occasional
visits, as is done in somo cities,
Infants arc not usually born near
sighted, and rarely so among un
civilized nations. Statistics show
the number of near-sighted children
increases with the grade of the
school. Near-sightedness, as a rule,
remains stationary, and cannot be
said to seriously threaten eyesight.
Schoolrooms should be carefully
arranged, and, if possible, be lighted
by skylights. Electric light is pre
ferable for evening schools. Desks
and scats should be so arranged
that the upper pait of the pupil's
body should be erect, the chest and
shoulders parallel with tho edge of
the table, head erect, feet on the
iloor and back supported. These
observances arc quite as important
in nrcventine spinal affections as
near-sightedness. Smallpox was
once the great cause of blindness ;
vaccination has changed this.
Tobacco and alcohol cause weak
sight, though seldom total blindness.
Chewing is as harmful as smoking.
Twenty grammes of tobacco is all
that can prudently be used in a
day. The State ought to tax alco
holic stimulants more heavily. Lead
poisoning in different forms among
mechanics is a source of blindness.
Prompt attention should be given
the first symptoms.
Of infectious eye diseases, puru
lent ophthalmy and granulated lids
represent 20 percent of all cases of
blindness. A large percentage of
infants havo purulent ophthalmy
and many through neglect become
blind in consequence. Of inmates
of asylums one-third havo all be
come blind through this means.
There should be prompt action.
A-ftnr a child has been (riven its
first bath its eyes are to bo washed
with clean water, out of a separate
Ijasin, with a clean, soft sponge.
Then the lids of each eye are to be
opened slightly and ono single drop
of a 2-percent solution of tho nitrate
of silver is to be dropped directly
on the corner, by means of n glass
The eyes arc then to bo left en
tirely untouched. This proceeding
must of course be carried out with
Btrict exactness. The treatment has
been very successful. Granulated
lids are more frequently found
among the poor. It is propagated
by infection. Poor ventilation and
filth arc causes. 'With proper care
no one should become blind in con
sequence of this disease. Tho
speaker thought the employment of
Chinese servants might result in in
fection from this disease. All that
was said concerning tho preventive
measures against purulent oph
thalmy will apply to granulated lids.
The affection common In this city
is a species of chronic fhllicular
catarrh of tho lid membrane, arising
in great measure- from too bright
sunshine, dust, high wind and dry
atmosphere. Suitable glasses worn
while driving or walking and a
slightly nstringent wash are exccl
jent remedies for this troublesome
but harmless affection. San Fran
It is absurd to condemn a rule
lliat won't work both ways. In
, these days of degeneration a thing
is lucky if it -works ono way.
jfew Or'lcaua Picayune.
IT affords us great piensuro to testify
that we are highly satisfied with
tho lntcr.Islnnd Stcnm Navigation Com.
puny' route to tho Volcano. Wo be
lluvo It to ho tho best and most convcnl.
ent, and havo much pleasure in rccom.
mending it to tho notice of intending
tnuilM. Wo havo looked over the
pamphlet written about llils loud, mid
utcryililng stated hi tho same lully cor.
icspouds with tho reality, without being
. Mi'.DOKEM CRAWFORD, Oregon.
A11E BROWN, Han Francisco,
A1IH L. BROWN. Sail Kraiiulicn.
Putinluu, Fob. 21, 1830. 02 tf
Dissolution ol Co-partnership.
THE partnership heretofore existing
between MAX EOKAKT and
.IOSEI'11 HUBASH, under tho linn
name of tho Hawaiian .lowcl Manufac
tory, Is this day dissolved by mutual
consent. Tho business will be carried
on by Mr. MAX EOKAKT, who will as.
Runic all the debts of Mild concern, and
all bills due will be payable to him.
04 3w MAX EOKAKT.
MK. MAX ECKAKT, Manufacturing
Jeweler, hns removed to the store
formerly occupied by J. A. Palmer, next
door to Wm. G. Irwin fc Co.'s. Fort
Street. 04 2w
Til., undersigned begs to call tho at
tcntion of Planters and others who
may want to move a succession of light
load for moderate distances to tho ays
By which a nearly continuous stream of
sugai cane or other material may bo
moved by means of electric motors
drawing buckets, baskets or other con.
talners along a stationary steel rod sus
pended on posts, tho power being sup
plied at n central station by means of a
steam engine or -water powrr wurmug
on electric dynamo.
This system does not profess to com
pcto with tramwnys where tho ground
is suitable for such a nindo of convey,
mice, but the circumstance' under which
its advantages arc apparent are:
Where tho ground is ory rough, un
even or gulchy, or where the gradients
aro steep, as it has no difficulty in draw.
Ing n loan up an incline oi i in iu.
Where the spaco for a tramway can
not well be spared, or oer swamps or
other ground Impracticable, for num.
It can be taken nlong 1ho high road
with ns much facility and with little
more obstruction to thu traffic than by u
lino of telephone posts;
It hns the advantages of ths overhead
wlro rope system without In disadvan
tages, as. there is not a long wire rope to
drag with its attendant friction and loss
of power, whilst it can turn on sharp
Tho main lino can bo moved to differ,
ent positions at a moderate expense.
A line is now working at Uljndc in
For further particulars and cost, ap
W. I. GKKEX,
Agent for tho Telpherage Company,
Limited, of London; also, Agent for
John Fowler & Co.'s Hallways and
Steam Plows, and Mirrlecs, Watson
is Co.'s Sugar Machinery 200 lni
Commencing on Monday, October
12th, and thenco on the first Monday
following the arrival of the Alameda
and Mariposa on the 8th mid 22nd of
The steamer Kinnu will make the
Volcano Trip, reaching Kcauhou on
Wednesday morning, giving Tourists
two days and two nights at the Volcano
When tho 8th nud 22nd of the month
fall on Monday, the KJllllll will leave
EST Tickets lor the Round Trip, $50, which
pays an Uharges.-wa
Tho Kinnu will arrive in Honolulu
Sunday mornings on Volcano Trips. On
Hllo Trips, will leave Honolulu on
Tuesdays, nnd return Saturday morn
ings. WILDEK'S STMSHIP CO.
Honolulu, Sept. 14, 1885. 124 tf
Will bo open every afternoon and even,
ing as follows:
day and Haturdny KvcuIiium.
To the public in general.
For ladies and gentlemen.
For ladles, gentlemen and children.
Friday and Saturday Evenings; also, at
the Tuesday Matinee.
March 13-Orange Race for Prize.
THOS. E. WALL, Manager.
Tho undersigned having
taken charge ot Baggage
-Exnress No. 81, for the
purpose of carrying on tho Express and
Droy business, hopes by paying strld
attention to business to rcooivo n share
of public pationago.
Urar Moving pianos and furnlturo a
specialty. B. 11UHGEK80N.
Hesldcnce, corner Punchbowl nnd Uo
rotunla Streets. Mutual Telephone !120.
West, Dow & Co., Telephone 171)
liters Stnp Co.
l'rcsldei t nndMnnagcr.
jLJl .ML JL. J. U.
SuccosBorsJto Dillingham & Co. and Snmuol Nott.
FORT STREET : HONOLULU
J ti t rectUcd, ex U.S. Alameda and St. Paul, latest designs in
Sllvcr-Pl.itod Ware, Chandeliers & Lamps,
(Formerly with Samuel Nott'.
Importer- mul JDeulei in
CROCKERY, GLASSWAHE, HOUSE FURNISHING HAKDWAKE,
AGATE IKON AND TINWAKE.
Agent Hairs Safe and Lock Company.
Beaver Block, - Fort Street.
EST Store formerly occupied by S. NOTT, opposite Spreckels & Co.'a Bank. -108
P. O. Box 297.
LEWIS & CO., GROCERS,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Staple and. IF'anoy Groceries,
oy and OO Hotel Htreot,
Fresh Goods continually on tho way. A nice assortment of Biscuits just received.
CO Goods delivered to Wnlkiki Tuesdays and Fridays.
H. E. McllMTYRE & BRO..
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed,
EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS.
New Goods received by every Packet from the Eastern Stales and Europe.
Fresh Califi rnia Produce by ct cry Steamer. All oiders faithfully attended In.
and Goods delivered to any part ot the city fno of charge. Inland oiders foil
cited. Satlr faction guaranteed. Post Olllco Box 145. Telephone No. Oi. 108 lv
Granite, Iron and Tin Ware !
Chandeliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER HOSE,
House Keeping Goods,
COOL OXr-ir- t
DID YOU SAY ?
Make your wife and children happy
by supplying them with
made from pure Woodlawn
Go nnd surprise your folks, order a
bucket of our delicious Ice Cream. Wo
pack orders for Ico Cream fiom 1 to 50
quarts In Patent llcfrigerntor Cans, war.
runted. to keep its delightful flavor and
perfect foim lor many hours.
Families, Parties, Balls and Weddings
Our Fancy Cakes aro tho Favorite
with all thu Ladles of Honolulu.
CHOICE FRENCH CANDIES,
Imported fresh and In great variety by
Ring Up BollTolopliono 182 or Mutual 330.
Tho Elite Ico Cream Parlors.
No. '3B itotol Bti-oot,
Aie open dally untilill l'.M.
JUST re eiveo, "The Dogs of Great
Britain, America and other Conn
tiiesi Their Heeding, Training, and
Management in Health and Disease," by
Stoiiohctijro; "Incidents and Anecdotes
of tho Chll Wai," by Admiral Porter.
JA9. O. Bl'KNCKU,
Secretary and Treasurer.
& Coolers, Cutlery, etc., etc, etc.
TIN, COPPER AND
St'm Candy Factory
No. 71 HOTEL ST., between
Kiuiunu and Fort Sts.
Has ulwuys on hand the largest Stock
ot Candles, both Plain and Fancy, cuar.
antoed to bo ST1UCTLY PUHE
AVlioloNulo mul Rclnil.
Rich Wedding Oakes
Of a Twenty Years' Imputation, all
blcs always on hand, ornamented
in any Style.
Pastries of All Description Made to
Order at Short Notice.
Bell and Mntuul Telephone, No. 74.
P. O .Box No. 75. 108
fWcitol dnrla WnrVo InBUnmco' IF
Hini iiiin n : j?&
uJMllu wvin ,,,
Soda Water, Ginger Ale,
Florida Lemonade, Acuitcd Waters of
all kinds, Fruit Syrups and Essences.
We Use Patent gtojjm
in all our Dottles.
Wo Invito pellicular attention to our
Patent Filter, recently Introduced, by
which nil waters used In our manufac
turps Is absolutely freed from all im
We dellcrour Goods free of charge
to all parts of tho city. We guarantee
our Goods to be the best in the market.
Careful attention paid to Island Orders.
The Crystal Soda Works,
P. O. Uox Ii07, Honolulu.
Hell Telephone : : 218
Mutual Telephone : 330
3j Orders left with Benson, Smith A
Co., No. 11 Fort Street, Will receive
We, also, aro Agents for the sale
of J. W. HlHgloy's
188 ' of his own mantifactuie. Cm
A Largo and well pelcctcd Stock of
comprised in part as follows:
Cutedel, White Wine,
Tokay, Sweet Muscat,
etc., In Casks and Cases.
Having been appointed sole agents
by Messrs. S. Lachman & Co. for their
justly celobrated brands, wo are enabled
to oiler the abovo goods to our friends
and tho public generally at unusually
Freeth & Peacock,
WONDER'S S. te. CO.
Leaves Honolulu each Tuesday at
4 p.m., touching at Laluilua, Maa
laea Bay, Makeua, Mahukoua, Ku
walhao, Laupuhoeuoo and Hllo.
Returning, will touch at all the
alove ports, arriving at Honolulu
each Ruturduv ufturuoon.
THE KAST BAIUNO
will run regularly
WAIALUA EVERY MONDAY,
Returning on Thursday, weather
For freight or passage apply to the
Oaptaln on board, or to
Pacikio Navioation Co.,
FOR KOLOA & WAIMEA
The Clipper Schooner
F. Kibbling, ... - Master,
Will run regularly to the ports of
KOLOA, HANAPEPE & WAIMEA,
KAUAI. For freight or passage apply
to the Captain on board, or to tho
PAoiifio Navioation Co.,
8(10 3m Cor. Nuuanu & Queen sts,
CASTLE & COOKE,
Life, Firo &. Marino Insur'co Agents.
The Xcw England
MUTUAL LIFE INS. COMP'Y,
Tho iEtna Fire InBuranco Co.
of Hartford, Conn.
The Union Fire nnd
of Ban Francisco, Cala.
ESTAMMSUUD It) 10,
Capital 9,000,000 Rclchsmarks,
THE undersigned, having been ap
pointed agent of the above Company
for tho Hawaiian Islands, Is prepared to
accept risks, against Fire, on Buildings,
Furniture, Merchandise, Produce. Sugar
Mills etc., on the most Favorable Terms
Losses Promptly Adjusted and Payablo in
070 ly at Wilder & Co's.
The .Equitable Ijifc AnHurnnc
Society of the United
KHTAHMHlli:i IX 1B50.
ISSUES Policies on tho most approved
td Payments, Endowments; Tontine
Savings Fund, Tontines, Scmi-Tontlues;
A. B. C. Tontines; Life and Sun Ivor,
ship Annuities; Children's Endowments,
Joint Life Hlsks,Partneishlp Insurunce.
etc., etc., etc.
Policies both Incontestable and Non
Contested claims, none.
Before insuring elsewhere, call and
get an estimate.
It is calculated that every reasonable
with of tho insured is embodied In ono
or more of tho plans.
For full particulars and pamphlets,
AI.KX. J. VAIITWJIIUIIT,
General Agent for Hawaiian Islands.
THE undersigned, a Committeo of Di
rectors ot tho Equitable Llfo As
suranco Society of tho United States,
appointed to formulaic the vlows of the
Board on the advantages offered by tto
Society to tho public, icport:
1st The Society issues all tho approve
cd forms of assurance, including Ordi
nary Life, Ei dowment and Tontine po
licies. It Is immaterial to tho Directors
which form of policy is taken by m.
2d The Life and Endowment forms
of policy provide for annual cash divi.
deniia and a sm render value; arc indis
putable uftcr threo years and payablo
immediately nfler proof of death.
yd Tile premiums on a Tontine po
licy are the same as on the Ordinary
Lite, but, while tho latter is only pay.
able in the.event of death, the holder of
tho Tontine policy has the right to draw
tho wholo of the reserve and tho accu
mulated prollts in rash at tho end of a
stated period; thus, during his own life
time, alter his producing years niu past,
ho can, without any larger prwnium
thun on nn ordinary policy, teouro these
4th Experlenco shows that tho return
paid in cash on maturing Tontine po
licies approximates to or exceeds the
amount of premiums paid by policy
holder, fco that thu averago cost of the
assurance will be only about tho interest
on tho premiums.
6th Tontine policies, like othtrs, aio
paid in lull lu the event of death at any
time during the term of the policy, and
are Incontestable after three years, and
payablo immediately after due proof of
0th Experience shows that the mor
tality is lower among Tontine policy.
holders, us the better lives seek this
Kind of assurances, which is a consider
able source of profit.
7th Tontine policies will be mado
nou-lortoitablo under tho laws of the
State, if so desired at tho time tho as
surance is etl'ectcd.
8th The Toutlue system is fair and
just; its accounts are accurately kept,
separate from all other business; thu
funds judiciously Invested and Improv
ed, and tho accumulated piotlts inlth
fully guarded and properly uppoitioncd.
0th The Society has slnco Its organi
zation transacted u larger umount of
new business thun any other company,
while its new business for the first half
of tho present year is $1,750,000 larger
than that of the first half of 1B84. It
has Assets of $00,000,000; over $14,000,
000 of Surplus, and its ratio of Surplus
to Liability Is greater than that of auy
ClIAUNCKY M. DEI'EW,
John A. bTEWAiiT,
WlLMAM A. WllKKLOCK,
OUAIU.ES Q. JjAInDON,
Ui:niiy B. Hyde,
Committee of the Board of Directors of
the Equitable Lilo Assurance Society
of the United States.
ALEX. J. OARTWRIGUT,
General Agent for Hawaiian Islands
Euuilablu Life Abburance Society.
To Let Furnished,
A T Kllauea, Kauai, a comfortable
Jl House and Cottage eminently suita
bio iur a family wishing to spend a.
tli ,rt iiiue in the country. Apply to
Kllauea Sugar Co., Kauai.
Notice of Letters Patent
ALL persons aro hereby notified that
Letters Patent weie issued by iho
Hawaiian Government to JAMES
KENNEY. of Honolulu on tho 10th day
of December, a.d. 1885, for an improve
ment in brake, gig and chalbo springs,
and that said Letters Patent were as
signed by thu said .1 nines Kenuey to the
pany on tho 2:2nd day of December, a.u.
1885, whercfoio tho tald Hawaiian Car.
liage Manufacturing Company hereby
warns all porsons against infringing on
tho said Letters Patent.
HAW'N CARRIAGE MANF'G Co,
Honolulu, Dec. 22, 1885, ' Mi tf