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H mii i ii iBirr iinmirir niiii-i -i -f uTiri i 11 fi
FJUDAY. MAKCII 1!), 188C.
PRECOCITY GOING OUT OF FASHION.
Tho Inst repot I of llio iMiissrichu
betts Ilonrrt of Education tiliows a
ilecicaso in the iitimlicr of very
snmll children in thu public schools.
The practice of sending JJ-yeur-ohl
children to school is dying out. A
generation or mote ngo it wns si
mutter of pride with parents to ex
hibit the precocity of their children.
A hundred years ago the same forc
ing system was still more prevalent.
Jn reading the biographies of the
noted men of that time, we often
11 nd them leading iluently at-1 years,
writing Latin verses at 10, and gra
duating from college at 1(5. Now :i
child may not learn its letters befoio
the sixth year, and the records of
Yale and Harvard show the average
age of graduates to bo a trifle below
LNJ. The fact is indisputable thai,
despite the charge of precocity and
rapid living laid upon the youth of
to-day, they begin life later, ripen
moic slowly and live longer than
their fathers and grandfathers. The
old idea of making the most of a
human being involved docking his
youth to :uld it to his manhood.
The result was a shortening of the
malurcr years by premature dccsiy
and death. The present idea is to
make hsibte slowly in the earlier
years and make up the loss by an
increased tenure of life and working
capacity. The records of Yale prove
these statements by showing Unit,
although the sigc of graduation is
now several years later than during
the last century, yet graduates live
longer after graduation. No doubt
undue haste in education often in
jures the health for life, and many
a man has died prematurely because
he started too quick.
There pin be no doubt of the
benefit of this change in educational
processes. The forcing system sel
dom produces sturdy plants. There
is also the consideration involved
that the increasing complexity of
modern life demands better prepara
tion for its duties. In public life
the change is more noticeable even
than in the schools. Nearly two
thirds of the members of the first
United .States Senate were under fiO
years of age, Alexander Hamilton
was Secretary of the Treasury at U2,
and Joseph Story si Justice of the
Supreme Court of the United States
at the same age. Now three-fourths
of the Senators arc over 50, and the
average age of judges appointed to
the Supremo bench during the last
half century of our existence has
Instead of quickening our rale of
living, we are practising a whole
some conservatism and aiming at
the better development of our
powers. S. 2 Call.
THE PICTURE OF A THIEF FIRST SUG
GESTS THE PROCESS-
J. A. 15., writing from San Uafacl,
under date of February 18th, says:
An interesting fact in the history of
sun-printing which, in its beginning
was called daguerreotyping, acci
dentally came to my knowledge
recently, which 1 take the liberty to
furnish for the C'irontclc. My
edition of Appleton's new cyclo
psedia says it is not known what led
J)agucrrc to discover the art called
ly his name. Mr. Louis, an intelli
gent French gentleman, who has a
sloop in San Iiafacl, gave me, in
substance, tho following account of
the begining of this wonderful dis
covery and invention, to which the
world of science and ait is so deeply
indebted to-day: "ft was about
the year 18ill a year or two after
the cholera plague I was an ap
prentice boy in the first of the three
silversmith establishments in Paris.
Mr. Daguerre, the artist, hud been
polishing a silver plate in the fourth
story of his house, whero lie had
skylights arranged to afford fuller
light for his purposes. One day,
lisiving occasion to leave the room
for a time, on returning he found
some one had disarranged the room
and stolen his money, hooking
down upon the table where he had
left the polished plate, to his sur
prise he discovered the imago of his
gardener, who came onco a week to
arrange his grounds, whom he charg
ed with the theft, and recovered the
money. This accidental discovery
led to experiments with the camera,
which established the art, and ren
dered Mr. Daguerre a wealthy man.
I took him a polished plate, sat for
my picture, and obtained my like
ness, at a cost of about one dollar."
Such is the statement of Mr. Louis,
which I suppose is substantially
correct. There seems, however, a
discrepancy in dates, Mr. Louis
putting the date of discovery about
the year 1831 j whereas, tho cyclo
psedia places the establishment of tho
art in 181)1). And I remember, some
years ago, Mr. llulofson, of llradley
& Itulofson in San Francisco, told
jne that ho (Rulofson) worked in
.Heard's Gallery, London, in 183'J,
which was about the beginning of
tho art. Chico Chronicle.
It is curious how much faster a
fitrcet-car goes when you aro running
for it than it docs when you aro
filling oil it.
Consulate Okniuial or tiik United )
Btatks, Honolulu, Alar. 10, 18bU.
ALL persons having claims nguinst
the Estate of the lute Florence
Harbour will present thu same to this
ollleo properly verified within V,Q days.
.1. II. PUTNAM,
7'! lw Cousiil.Ucncrnl.
XUMhlomihle 01o:ilc mid
Comer of Alukoa & King Sts.
Feathers Cleaned nnd Dyed.
rpilK umlcislgncd begs to cull thu nt
X tL'iilioti of 1'lunlcts ii ml others who
limy want to move a succession of light
loads for moderate distances to thu sys.
Uy which ft nearly continuous flicnni of
sugar canu or other material may ho
moved by means of electric motors
drawing buckets, bnskcts or other con
miners along n stationary steel rod sus
pended on posts, thu power being sup.
plied nt n central station by means of a
steam engine or water power working
on electric dynamo.
This system does not profess to com
nolo with tramways where thu ground
Is suitable for such u mode of convey,
ancu, hut thu circumstances under which
lis ad vantages are apparent are:
Where the ground Is very rough, un
even or gulchy, or where thu gradients
are steep, as It has no dilllcully In draw
ing a load up an incline of 1 in 10;
Where thu space for a tramway can.
not well ho spared, or over swamps or
other ground Impracticable' for Irani,
it can lie taKcn along 1 lie nigu roan
with as much facility and with little
more obstruction to tho traffic than by a
lino of telephone posts;
It has the ndvantages of the overhead
wire ropu system without its diadvan.
tages, as there is not a long wliu rope to
drag with its attendant friction and loss
of power, whilst it can turn on sharp
The main line can he moved to differ,
cut positions at a moderate expense.
A lino is now working at bbndc In
For further particulars and cost, up.
W. Ii. UREEX,
Agent for the Telpherage Company,
Limited, of Loudon; uUo, Agent for
John Fowler it; Co.'s llailwnvs and
Steam Plows, and Mirrlees, 'Watson
& Co.'s Sugar .Machinery. 2G0 tm
And in fact Everybody is Delighted
with the Justly Celebrated
Elite Ice Cream
insulo from pure Woodluwn Dairy
Go and surprise your folks, order n
bucket of our delicious Ice Cieam. Wu
pack orders for Ico Cream fiom 1 to 50
quarts in Patent Hefrlgerulor Cans, war
ranted. to keep its delightful flavor ami
perfect form for many hours.
Families, Parties, Balls and Weddings
Our Fancv Cakes sue the Favorite
with all the Ladies of Honolulu.
CHOICE FRENCH CANDIES,
Imported fiesh and in great variety by
Ring Up BcllTolcphono 182 or Mutual 338.
The Elite Ice Cream Parlors.
IVo. Hf Hotel Hlruot,
Ale open daily until 11 r.M.
No. 71 HOTEL ST., between
Nuuunu and Foit Sts.
Has always on hand the largest Slock
of Caudles, both Plain nnd Fancy, guar,
anteed to hu ST1UCTLY PUHE
"Wholesale uml ltolu.il.
Rich Wedding Cakes
Of a Twenty Years' lleputailon, all
Sizes always on hand, ornamented
in any Style.
Pastries of All Description Mado to
Order at Short Notice.
Fresli ovcry Day.
Hull and Mutual Telephone. No. 74.
1'. O .Box No.' 70. 1C8
(Formerly with Sunucl Nott).
Iiniort.cV mid lenler in
STOVES, CHAftSDELgERS,; LAMPS,
CltOOKEKY, GLASSWAHE, HOUSE FUKNISIIINU IIAKDWAHE,
AOATE IKON AND TINWAKE
Agent HalPs Safe and Lock Company.
Beaver Block, - Fort Street.
tSf" Store formerly occupied h S. NOTT, op osilo Spreckcls &. Co.'s Hank. -VjJn
H. E. MclNTYRE & BRO.,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed,
EAST CORNER FORT AND KINO STREETS.
New Goods received hy every Packet from tho Eastern States nnd Europe.
Fresh California Produce by every Stenmer. All orders faithfully attended to.
and Goods delivered to any part or thu city free of elnirgu. Island orders poll,
cited. Satisfaction guaranteed. Post Ollleu Box 145. Telephone No. !U. 1CS ly
JOHN NOTT, 1. 8
Jr tv T'i'J? vft t'o ,-. ? v. iQaf atA i i
Granite, Iron and Tin Ware !
Chandeliers, Lamps and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER HOSE,
House Keeping Goods,
PLUMBING, Til, COPPER AND
903 SHEET IRON WORK.
YoMiite Skating Rink,
Will ho open every afternoon and even,
ing as follows;
clay und Maturdny J'.vciiIiicn.
To the public in general.
For ladies and gentlemen.
For ladies, gentlemen nndchihfrcn.
Friday and Saturday Evenings; also, nt
tho Tuesday Matinee.
TIIOS. E. WALL, Manager.
TO THE PUBLIC.
The Pad Transfer Co.,
Onico with O. K. Miller,
12 Merchant Street,
Bell Tel., 377, Mutual Tel., 391.
I am fully n-opuied to do nil kinds of
drayage, hauling or moving work, all of
which I will guarantee to execute faith
fully. C2 ly S. F. GRAHAM, Prop'r.
..v.- , - ''i
April 5th, 1886,
Commencing on Monday, Octohcr
lSlli, and thence on the first Monday
following thu arrival of thu Alameda
and Mariposa on the 8lh and 22nd of
Tho Hteumer TCiiinu will make tho
Volcano Trip, Teaching Keauhnu on
Wednesday morning, giving Tourists
two days and two nights at tho Volcano
When thu 8th nnd 22nd of the month
full on Monduy, tho Itiiiuii will leave
tsr Tickets lor tho Round Trip, $50, which
pays all Chargos.tQu
Tho ICiiiaii will arrive in Honolulu
Sunday morning on Volcano Trips. On
lllln Trips, will leave Honolulu on
Tuesdays, and return Hnturdnv morn,
logs. WILDEU'S STMSHfl' CO.
Honolulu, Sept. 11, 1885. 121 tf
Thu undersigned having
witon cnargu oi iinggago
-Express No. ill. for the
purpose or carrying on tho Express and
Dray huslncss, hopes hy paying strict
attention to business to rccuivu u share
of puhlio patronage.
" Moving pianos und furnlturo n
specialty. H. UUHGEKSON.
Itesldunco, corner Punchbowl and He
rotuuin Streets. Mutuol Telephone U20.
West, Dow & Co., Telephone 170
- ' - ;--''-' ---'" - 'i'"'",f i
lien Snip Co.
Soda Water, Ginger Ale,
Florida Lemonade, Aeintcd Waters of
nil kinds, Fruit Syi upK and Essence.
Wu Use PalMt Stiiurs
In nil our Mottles.
Wn invito particular attention to rmr
Patent I'lller, recently Introduced, hy
which nil wulcru uml in our manufac
tures is absolutely freed fiom all Im
purities. We deliver our Goods free of charge
to all parts of the city. We guarantee
our Goods to be the best In the market.
Careful attention paid to Inland Oiders.
The Crystal Soda Works,
P. O. liox iitn, Honolulu.
Jlcll Telephone : : 2UH
Mutual Telephone : UHO
E3T Orders left with Hemon, Smith &
Co., No. 11 Fort Street, will receive
We, also, aro Agents for tho tale
of J. W. HiHgluy's
of his own lunniifaciuie. Gm
JUST RECEIVED !
A Largo nnd well selected Slock of
comprised in part ns follows:
Cutedel, White Wine,
Tokay, Sweet Muscat,
etc., in Casks nnd Cases.
Having been appointed solo agents
hy Messrs. S. Laehmnn & Co. for their
justly celebrated brands, wo nro enabled
to oiler the abovo goods to our friends
nnd tho public generally nt unusually
Freeth & Peacock.
wiLDiant's s. s-i. co.
Ijeuven Honolulu each Tuesday ut
4 p.m., touching at Lnlinina, Mnn
laea Bay, Makena, Muuuknttu, Ku
wulhao, Lnupnlioehoe nnd Hilo.
Roturniug, will touoh at all the
alove ports, arriving at Honolulu
each Saturduv ufiumonu.
TIIK PAST SAII.1NO
will run icgulnrly
TO WAIALUA EVEHY MONDAY,
Returning on Thursday, weather
For freight or pahsagc apply to the
Captain on board, or to
Pacific Navioation Co.,
J&A VOU KOLOA & WA1MEA
Tho Clipper Schooner
F. Kibbling, .... Master,
Will run regularly to tho ports of
KOLOA, 1IANAPEPE & WAIMEA,
KAUAI. For freight or passage apply
to the Oaptiiin on board, or to the
Pacific Navioation Co.,
890 8m Cor. Nuuunu & Queen sts.
. - l.foiaii, ,, t f-.tfy, - ''?-if' 'i.m-M, ,
CASTLE & COOKE,
Lifo, Firo &. Marino Insur'co Agents.
Thu ,'v J'iikIiiiiiI
MUTUAL LIFE INS. COMP'Y,
The iEtna Firo Insurnnco Co,
of Hartford, Conn.
The Union I'lro nml
Marine Insurance Co.,
of Ban Fiuueisco, Cabi.
KsTAiii.isiiHi) l8'ir, "
Capital, 0,000,000 rtolchsmarks,
''pilE undersigned, having been tip
JL pointed agent of thu abovu Cumpany
for thu Hawaiian lblands, is prepared to
accept risks, against Fire, on lluildings,
Furniture, Merchandise, Produce. Sugar
Mills etc., on thu most Favorable Terms
Losses Promptly Adjusted and Payablo in
070 ly nt Wilder & Co's.
The Equitable JLlfe AsMimmcf
Society of the United
i:htaih,ihiu:i ix i8.i.
ISSUES Pollclcs'on tho most approved
plans, vy.:-OrdinnryLife,Life, Limit,
ed Payments, Endowments; Tontine
Savings Fund, Tontines, Semi.Tonlliiesj
A. li. C. Tontines; Life und Survivor,
ship Annuities; Children's Endowments,
Joint Lifo ltlsks, Partnership lusuruncu,
etc., etc., etc.
Policies both Incontestable and Non
Contested claims, none.
llefore insuring elsewhere, call and
gel an estimate.
It is calculated thnt every reasonable
wish of the insured is embodied In onu
or more of thu plans.
For full particulars and pamphlets,
AliKX. J. CAIlTWrnUHT,
General Agent for Hawaiian Islands.
aMIE undersigned, a Committeo of Di
. rectors ot the Eipiitable Lifo As
surance Society of tho United Stales ,
appointed to formulate the views of the
board on thu advantages oflered hy tlo
Society to tho public, report:
1st Thu Society issues all the approv
cd forms of assurance, Including Ordi
nary Life, Endowment und Tontine po.
Holes. It Is immaterial to the Directors
which form of policy is taken by in
Ud The Life and Endowment forms
of policy provide for annual cash divi
dends and a surrender value; arulndis
putablu alter three years and puyublo
immediately after proof of death.
Ud The premiums on a Tontine po
licy are tho tiimu as on thu Ordinary
Life, but, while the latter is only pay.
ablu in the event of death, tho holder of
the Tontine policy has thu right to draw
tho wholu of tho reserve and tho accu
mulatcd profits in cash ut the end of a
stated period; thus, during his own life
time, after his producing years are past,
hu can, without any larger premium
than on an ordinary policy, secure these
4th Experience shows that tho return
paid in cash on matuiiig Tontine po.
licies uppioxiniutes to or exceeds the
amount of premiums paid by policy
holder, so that the average cost of thu
assurnucu will bu only about thu interest
on thu premiums.
Cth Tontlnu policies, lilto others, nro
paid in lull iu thu event of death at nny
time during thu term of thu policy, und
uru incontestable after three years, and
payable immediately after duu proof of
Olii Experience shows thnt the nior-
tnllty is lower among Toutinu policy,
holders, us tho butter lives seek this
kind of nsturunces, which is a consider
ublu source of profit.
7th Toutinu policies will bu mado
non-lorteitublu under the laws of tho
Slate, if so desired ut thu timo the as
surance is effected.
Bth '1 ho Tontine system is fair and
just; its accounts are accurately kept,
bepuratc from all other business, lliO
funds judiciously invested and improv
ed, and the accumulated profits faith,
fully guarded and properly apportioned.
Olii The Society has since its organi
zation transuded a lurgcr amount of
now business than auy oilier company,
while its new business for the first hult
of tho present year Is $1,150,000 larger
than that of the first half of 1B84. It
bus Assets of $00,000,000; over $14,000,
000 of Surplus, und its ratio of Surplus
to Liability is greater than that of uuy
ClIAUflCKV M. DEl'EW,
John A. Stewaiit,
William A. Wjieei.ock,
CiiAiiLcs G. Landon-,
HuNitY B. Hyde,
Committee of tho Board of Uiiectors of
the Equitable Lifo Assurance Society
ot thu United States.
ALEX. J. OAHTWIUGUT,
Generul Agent for Hawaiian Islands
Equitable. Life Assurance Society.
To Let Furnished,
AT Kilnueu, Kauai, a comfortnblo
Housunnd Cottage eminently siiitu
blu tor a family wishing to spend u
t-li jit iiniu in thu country. Apply to
. SO li Kilnueu Sugar Co., Kauai.
Notico of Letters Patent.
ALL persons are hereby notified that
Letters Patent weiu itsued by tho
Hawaiian Government to JAMES
KENNEY of Honolulu on tho 10th day
of December, A,i. 1885, for an Improve
ment in biuke, gig and chaise bpriugs,
nnd that said Letters Patent were as.
signed by thu suld James Kenney to the
Hawaiian Carrlago Manufacturing Com
pany on tho !2Und day of December, a.u.
1885, wherefore the said lluwuiiau Car
i luge Manufacturing Company hereby
varus all persons against infringing on
tho said Letters Patent.
HAW'N OA1UUAGE MANF'G Co.
Honolulu, Dec. M, 1885. 208 tl
V " i