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BISUOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Exchange on tlio
JBunlc oi Culilbrnlii, S. IT.
And their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONO.
Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & Bon, London
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
Tho Commercial liuuk Co., of Sydney,
Tho Hank of Kcw Zealand: Auckland,
Clirlstchurcli, and Wellington,
The Uank of British Columbia, Vic
torla, B. 0., and Portland, Or.
Transact a General Banking Business.
Fledged to neither Beet nor Party,
But established for the benefit of all,
SATURDAY, MARCH 27, 188G.
The writer arrived in Iowa from n
visit to the Volcano, yesterday, with
a full account of tho round trip by
the Inter-Island Steam Navigation
Company's route to that point, in
cluding details of the present ap
pearance of the "house of fire."
Owing to unforeseen contingencies
in the mechanical department, how
ever, it is impossible to have tho
notes of travel in question printed
in this issue. "Wo shall therefore,
for the immediate information of
readers at home and abroad, attempt
in a few words, on this occasion, to
convey a general idea of the present
state of affairs in and about the
great caldcra of Kilauca. Ilalemau
mau, the main eruptive point; the
New Lake, a vigorous adjunct to the
former, and the Little Beggar, an
eruptive cone situated a little off a
lino running between the two fiery
caldrons just mentioned, had built
up around them in the recent term
of activity vast superstructures of
lava rock, towering in places two
hundred feet above tho summit of
the vast mound in the caldcra. The
latter term, it should be mentioned,
has been given, by Captain Dutton,
to the main crater, or lake of con
gealed lava formed by successive
periods of eruption in the mountain
side, which has now reached a cir
cumference of probably twelve
miles. Tho eruptions have been
constantly adding to the extent and
depth of this stupendous bed of
lava. "Where the three great focuses
of eruptive activity formerly reared
their rugged environs in a cluster is
now a vast abyss with a ragged cir
cumference of four miles. The ex
act site of Ilalcmaumau is only to
be judged from bearings, by which
it is supposed to be that part of the
cavity where now there is a conical
pit, calculated to be all tho way
from four hundred to six hundred
feet deep. A nearly circular penin
sula, jutting out into the gulf, is all
that is left of the floor of the New
Lake, and that has sunk far below
its former level. As for the Little
Beggar, a bisected hollow cone, with
the interior a smooth bore well pre
served, constitutes its remains, rest
ing on tho side of a heap of con
glomerate debris. At the bottom of
the gulf, beneath the Little Beggar,
tho opening of a large tubular pas
sago is plainly visible, with an ex
ternal ridge extending from it
toward the New Lake, showing an
intimate connection between those
Some of the cliffs overlooking tho
common abyss, in which the whole
cluster of vents has been involved
by the collapso of March 7th, are
perpendicular, while the edges are
still falling in. Vast rulges of fallen
material, looking like tho ruins of a
town dumped through a shoot, cx-
v tend from point to point of the in
terior. There are several large
caverns made by the roofs of tire
domes caving in situated round
the tops of the cliffs outside tho
" gulf, in which tho very air seems to
bo aflame from the fervent heat con
served within. ' In one of these a
crimson pool of molten lava could
be seen, which burned up an old
shoe thrown into it quicker than it
takes to tell it. Gaping cracks all
round tho huge cavity are also full
of fire, igniting n slick thrust into
thorn almost in an instant. From
many points in the awful chaos
within tho gulf bright blue smoke is
constantly culling up, while steam
is issuing from a long crescent
shaped and Bulphur-strcaked fissuro
on the cast side, also from points
all over the interior crater and the
'ftoor of the caldcra. When it rains,
0Hjg 3U1I75P BTOMNW flOMMAiRSPi HOHOIOTtfi H. i SACPUKBAV,
us it did on tho occasion of this
visit, dense clouds of steam rise
from the whole warm stifacc of the
Since the collapse tho volume of
Btcam issuing from tho surrounding
mountain terraces, particularly that
on which the Volcano Ilouso stands
and the depressed plain just below
containing the sulphur banks, has
greatly increased, but varies from
hour to hour and day to day. It
fairly hisses nnd roars from the
apparently bottomless pits and fis
sures close to the Volcano Ilousa,
while the vapor is hot enough to
scald a person exposed to it for a
minute. On the way home, down
the Kau road, on Tuesday morning,
the guide pointed out, on a high
ridge towards Puna, at least twelve
miles from the Volcano, steam issu
ing in lnrgu volumes from vents of
old standing. At the last sight of
the crater, riding close by the cliffs,
the issuance of smoke seemed to be
more diffused over the interior than
when surveyed at close quarters the
previous day. Those who know
most of the vagaries of Kilauca be
lieve that activity will shortly re
turn. As it stands the great Vol
cano is well worth observation and
study. It is scarcely less stupendous
in its ruins than it was in its fiery
TEMPERANCE SCHOOL BOOKS.
The Woman's Christian Temper
ance Union of the Hawaiian Islands,
following the example of the society
in the United Stales, has been agi
tating for some time the introduc
tion into the schools of the kingdom,
both native and foreign, of a scries
of text-books for scientific temper
ance instruction. Last week, Mrs.
E. P. Adams, as a committee of the
Union, had an interview with His
Excellency W. M. Gibson, Presi
dent of the Board of Education,
with the gratifying result that the
Board has given an order for two
thousand copies of the "Child's
Health Primer," in Hawaiian, with
a view to introducing the book into
all tho native shcools. The Union
lias already secured the services of
a competent translator, and assumes
the oversight and expense of the
translation. It is pleasing to note
that the indefatigablo efforts of the
ladies for the moral improvement of
the people are being authoritatively
endorsed by the Board of Education.
Having visited many climes, tra
versed the five continents, and made
short stays at islands innumerable,
I at length reached the "Paradise
of the Pacific" the Hawaiian Isl
ands. This is the most beautiful,
tho most charming, the most de
lightful of all. To bo sure, it does
not come up to the Biblical descrip
tion, or tho notions entertained by
most of us from childhood, of tho
Garden of Eden; but it answers
well to Mrs. Hemans's picture,
"where every prospect pleases and
only man is vile."
Grandeur, sublimity, and beauty
arc hero exhibited in their grandest,
sublimcst, and most beautiful forms.
Tho snow-capped mountains of Ha
waii, towering up twelve or thirteen
thousand feet above tho sea level ;
the extinct crater of Haleakala, on
Maui, with its eight or nine miles of
breadth across the top, and its in
numerable and various-sized cones
dotting its internal surface ; the liv
ing and activo volcano of Kilauca,
on Hawaii, with its unparallcd great
ness, its liquid shining mass, its jets
of fire, its restless commotion, now
assuming u now form, possibly to
break forth in greater grandeur than
ever; the countless valleys, gulches
and gorges, on all the islands of tho
group, with their rippling streams,
their leaping cascades, their luxu
riant vegetation; and the level
plains and sloping declines near the
sea, covered with groves of majes
tic cocoanuts and green fields of
sugar cane and rico : all these dis
play nature in her varied aspects of
vastness, majesty, magnificence and
loveliness, in a manner and to a
degree scarcely equaled anywhere
and certainly surpassed nowhere.
Hero tho lover of nature revels in an
exhaustless profusion of matter for
unbounded admiration and delirious
expressions of delight. Then there
aro no ferocious animals nor ven
omous serpents lurking among the
fastnesses and hiding in tho grass,
to intimidate tho explorer or endan
ger his safety.
Where else shall wo find a climato
so mild, so equable, so health-inspiring,
whose temperature near tho
sea rarely rises above 85 degrees
and as seldom falls below CO, with
gentle trade winds to moderate tho
greatest heat and a cloudless sky to
temper the greatest cold? And yet
tho most surprising changes way bo
had in a brief period of lime and a
short distance of space. An hour's
quiet walk, in many localities only a
few minutes, takes from tho some
what extreme warmth of the open
plain to the delicious coolness of
the shaded valley. An hour or two
more, and the easy ascent of tho
mountain slopes introduces the pe
destrian to the altitude of chills and
woolen clothing. Thus in one short
daj', between the rising and setting
of the sun, ono desirous of cooling
off may pass from the plane of per
petual summer, through the zone of
perennial spring, to the frozen region
of never-dying winter.
The soil of Hawaii is no less rc
markablo than tho climate. Her
valleys teem with the most luxuriant
vegetation, and produce wild fruits,
native and exotic, in tho richest
abundance. Her plains and hill
sides present a growth of sugar cane
nnd rico that defies competition, the
yield in some places exceeding seven
tons of sugar to the aere and four
tons of rice in a similar area, with
two such crops of the latter in one
year. Most tropical and semi-tropical
plants and trees transplanted
to this clime acquire a rapidity of
development rarely attained in their
native land. What will not thrive
here never need be attempted else
where within the tropics.
Passing from nature to man, from
the natural to the social, here is a
community whose social and domes
tic condition is a closo approxima
tion to that which "had all things
in common." Heal poverty and
gaunt starvation aro unknown to
these fair isles. The aboriginal
occupants hold a foremost place
among earth's inhabitants for good
ness of nature, hospitality, and an
evcr-rcadydisposition to feed, clothe,
and house tho needy and homeless.
The white people are not a whit
behind. "Open hearts, open purses,
and open houses," is truly appli
cable to them. Some arc alllucnt,
more are in comfortable circum
stances, none arc absolutely indigent,
and all combine to welcome the
stranger and help the unfortunate.
In addition to the public spirit of
benevolence and the general disposi
tion to philanthropy, arc Christian
organizations and national associa
tions, whose special mission is the
performance of works of charity.
A Britisher in need is cared for by a
British Association, an American
by an American Association, a
German by a German Association,
and so on through all the numerous
nationalities constituting this cos
mopolitan aggregation of humanity,
with a Strangers' Friend Society ex
tending aid and dispensing succor
to the stranger from any land and
of any color, creed, or language.
These sources of relief arc, more
over, made remarkably easy of
access to persons requiring them,
with none of the restrictive ligaments
of red tape that usually characterise
such matters elsewhere.
All these things, and many more,
combine to make Hawaii one of the
most lovely, attractive, and desirable
little countries under the sun.
We have received Instructions to offer
nt Public Auction,
On MONDAY, April fitli,
at 12 o'clock, noon, at our Salesroom,
the following named
(Shares. I'nr Value.
10 Waimea Sugar Mill Co $100
20 Mutual Tolephono Co 10
5 Wuiunac Sugar Co 100
80 Intcr.island Stoiun Navlg'nG'o.. 100
20 O. Brewer & Co. (Limited) 100
Parties desiring to add their Stocks to
the above list can do so upon applica.
E. 1 ADAMS & CO.,
87 7t Auctioneers.
rpiIE undersigned is prepared to fur.
JL nlsh specimens of all the
Ferns of tho Hawaiian Islands
at reasonable rates.
Complete Collection embrac
ing 14!) varieties representing 20 families
prepared to order only. These collections
display entire fronds of each ferns with
roots and other important parts of each
plant. Collections embracing from 20
to 80 varieties elegantly mounted and
decorated with mosses, lichens nnd sea
weeds peculiar to tho Islunds always on
hand at Messrs. King Bros.' Art Store,
Port Street, Honolulu.
Packages of tho spores of all varieties
of ferns found in tho group for sale.
Tlieso packages aro guaranteed to contain
fresh spores and aro securely put up and
accurately named. Price per packet 10
Pamphlet containing particulars in
reference to living plants, with n cata.
loguo of tho ferns mailed to any address
within the Postal Union upon receipt of
5 cent stump. Address,
P. L. CLARKE,
87 Honolulu, Onlw, II, I.
At Funnhou, adjoining Col. Spreckcls'.
Wo have lenolved instructions to offer
at Public Auctlou,
On MONDAY, April 5th
12 o'clock, noon, at our
Valuable Lot or Parcel of Land
at Punahou, adjoining the Premises of
Colonel Spreckcls, and fronting on
lltugham, Dolo and Alexander Streets,
its dimensions being 200 hy 400 feel,
and containing nn urea of nearly two
acres. The placo enn easily ha sub
5 Xji,re LotK,
1 lots of 100 by ISO each, and I lot of
140 by '200, but It will bo oll'eied as
a whole. It is a handsome mi.
tlon for tesidences, In a good neigb
borliood, and will doubtless )iny to
purchase for subdivision.
1ST Terms favorable.
E. P. ADAMS & Co.,
87 7t Auctioneers.
VaPble Real Estate
On Wednesday, April 7th,
By order of II. A. WIdcmann, Esq.,
President Dcutcher Verciii.'I will sell at
Public Auction, at my Salesroom, -10
Queen Street, tho Premises nnd Lot
well known as tho
With Club Building & Bowling Alloy,
The grounds arc well laid out, and the
premises can be entered by Emma and
Punchbowl Streets. The above offers a
good chance for investment.
C3T Terms made known at time of
Sale. Title perfect.
LEWIS J. LEVEY,
80 Id Auctioneer.
At the rcsidenco of Mr. E. P. Lyman,
No. 50 Merchant fctrcet, corner
of Alakca Street,
On TUESDAY, Mar. 30th,
at 10 a.m., will ho sold, the
4 Bedroom Sets, 2 Single Beds,
Spiing Mnttrupse", 0 Mosquito Wets,
Pillows, etc., Centre Table, Corner
Brackets, Chairs and Dining Table,
Door Mats, Cartoons, Books, Coal (HI,
Stove and Kitchen Furniture,
Crockery and Glass, B.uh Tub,
Verandah Chairs, Lamps, etc.
W. S. LUCE,
Wine & Spirit ierctat,
Has opened and keeps on hand, all
, MXUM f"""
which ho offers to tho Trado at as low
figures as they can bo had elsewhere In
tho city ; nnd will shortly receive several
hitliorto unknown to tho Islund Trade.
Special Attention to
LADIES, ATTENTION I
The Ladies' Bazaar
WILL Ol'UN ON
SATURDAY, Mur. Srtli,
WITH A CHOICE BTOOK OP
nt US Hotel Street, next door to
Lewis & Co
Miss A. M. Burke
tho Millinery Depart-mcut.
whirs I snin
MAflGK 2?, IfiBfl,
DAVIS & WILDER,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Staple and Fancy Groceries.
Beg to call tho attention of their patrons and housekeepers gener
ally to tho varied assortment of their t
Excellent New Stock !
Which is constantly replenished by every vessel arriving from the States
and Europe, selected with special care to cater to the recognized critical
taste of local patronage.
Groceries and Provisions
In every variety of detail.
MACONDRAY & CO.'S finest Green and Black Teas;
Amen al Emllsli laii Lin !
And delicacies In endless variety.
Grosso & Blackwcll's Conserves nnd tho Cutting Packing's First Grndcsj
Tho Celebrated Dold & SonV Buffalo Hams ana Bacon, the choicest ever
brought to this market;
Cereals in every variety In patent weavel proof tins;
Evaporated and Pitted Fruits and every variety of Nuts;
Oysters, Fish, Vegetables and Fruits
On Ice Every Steamer.
S3T A personal Inspection of our FHESH STOCK, wo believe, will result in
a keen edge to appetite and a heightened Interest In the HOME MEAL
JUST OPENED UP,
Jersey Waists from $2 to $8;
Jersey Cloths in all Shades;
Ladies' Untrimmed Hats, the latest Styles;
Ornaments, All-Over Lace,
And a Fine Line of Trunks,
STILL AHEAD !
Xer Steamer HIuripoMa, tlio
TEMPLE OF FASHION
will receive ti l'ull lino oi tlie
Latest Amcricau ami English Stylos of Dry Goods.
A completo and assorted invoice of Dry Goods, comprising tho lutest leading
styles of Ladies and Misses' Wear; also, everything of new departure in tko Dry
Goods line; also, an excellent Stock of
Ladies and IMCisses' Slioes,
Fine Ooods and bed-rock Prices Is our
represented. Our Stock Is open
The Gents' Furnishing Department
HiiHt be Closed before Urn nrrivnl of the MaripoNn.
GIT We havo a small stock of Men's nnd Boys' Sultti on hand which, until the ar
rival, can ho hought at less than factory prices. If you doubt, call. " Seeing is.
P.O. BOX 315.
General Business Agent.
Real Estate Agent,
Employment Agent, t
Wildei's Steamship Agent,
Great Burlington Rallioad Agent
In Bond or Duty Paid.
A Very Cholco Lot, Fresh and Full.
The I!o.-t in tho Market.
.m, m. rw(ii.m. mi.'.. ,iiij.t ili.ifmiii; W
J. K. WILDER.
Everything guaranteed to be as
Everybody is invited.
S. COHN & CO., Proprietors.
Honolulu, II. I.
Custom Ilouso Broker,
Manager Hawaiian Opeia House,
Fire and Life Insurance Agtut.
COTTAGE TO KENT,
No. 127 Bcrctonla Street, at
present occupied hy A. Ehlcrs.
Possession tlven Mav Int.
Euiiuiro on tho premises, or of L. WAY.
Klnau Street. In rear 73 tf
rpiIE undersigned has moved into tlio
JL ofllco of Mr. J. E. Wiseman, where
ho will bo prepared to furnish house,
hold servunts, collect hlllB, do Anglo.
Chincso interpreting, and n general
business. (69 Omj SOYONG,