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TIB yli .rn nrii iiiiiiniw hi i i mi mfi i i i i i umn ninnric ii ihiiiihim i iiiii iiwmij iMniiiM'T mnnnr
BIS1I0F & Co., BANKERS'
Ilonolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Exchango on tho
Buulc oi Calllbriiln, S. IT.
And their agents In
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. N. 31. llothschlld & Bon, London
Tho Commercial Bank Co., of Sydney,
The Commercial Bank Co., of Sydney,
Tho Hank of Now Zealand: Auckland,
Chrlstchurch, and Wellington,
Tho Bank of British Columbia, Vic
toria, B. C, and Portland, Or.
Transact a General Banking Business.
Fledge! to neither Boot nor Party.
Bat established for the benefit of all.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 31, 188G.
BRIDCES AND CAUSEWAYS.
It costs this country a large
amount, annually, to replace bridges
over great and small streams, which
are washed away by floods. Yet
there seems to be no sign of any
material change being made in tho
construction of these woiks, to
counteract this great pcrcnninnl loss
of money, not to mention the incon
venience of travellers while recon
struction is pending. "When a large
bridge is carried off, tho public are
tempted to be calmed with the in
formation that not in five, ten,
twenty years, or time immemorial,
has the water risen so high as when
it. iml ilnne its destructive work.
In some cases this excuse for public
funds gone to "Davy Jones's locker"
may be tenable, but doubtless it is
often simply buncombe to hide the
evidence of official shortsightedness,
if not jobbery. Probably, in 'most
cases where valuable bridges have
been destroyed by flood, the record
of high water had only been kept in
local traditions previous to the era
of bridges. If bridges have been
swept away, as appears to nave
been the case, on the sites of pre
vious structures meeting a similar
fate, then no acceptable excuse can
be preferred for not having had the
foundations of the renewed struc
tures secure against the most formi
dable torrents calculated to be
possible there. Very likely floods
arc more sudden and severe now
than. when ampler forests regulated
the distribution of the rainfall, yet
many of tho bridges destroyed lately
had been but just erected, so that
the problem of modem freshets
should have been understood and
taken into account in their construc
tion. It is vicious economy that
would take risks for the sake of
cheapness in such works, and out
rageous policy that would permit
contractors to take liberties involving
the insecurity of the structures.
Perhaps there is no ubc in talking
about what is past, or suggesting a
searching investigation by such a
Legislature as tho country has ap
pointed to itself. Still, if there is
anvthiner tho taxpayers can do to
prevent throwing away money on
costly bridges built on flimsy foun
dations, they should put forth their
influence and energy to have it done.
Coming to small bridges, thero is,
we believe, a great deal of unpro
fitable expenditure upon structures
for crossing gulches where the water
is seldom higher than easy fording,
and then the floods arc of very brief
duration. To be bridged so that
the water will not, at its highest,
reach the floor of the structure or
wash out the abutments, would make
tho roadway across such a gulch a
seriously expensive one; more so
when the bridge is built so as to be
certain of destruction by a flood at
some time. For such a place the
most suitable, inexpensive, and dur
able crossing is a causeway of stono,
built so that tho water will sweep
harmlessly over it at flooding times
and ripple through a small channel
in the center when tho volume is
slight. This description of thorough
fare over small streams has been
adopted at some places on this
island, and its adaptability and
cheapness are recognized at once by
Natural History: If tho swallow
had no throat there would bo no
Mrs. Ross has complained "to the
Mayor of Louisville that a two-story
brick house belonging to her has
been stolen and carried away. It
cannot be too earnestly impressed
on the pcoplo of Louisville that, as
they live so near to Ohio, it would
1)0 a wise precaution to tako their
louses indoors at night.
Before breakfast on Monday
morning wo visited tho sulphur banks,
on the sides of tho first steam ter
race mentioned above. Those on
the right, going down from the
house, arc 10 to 15 feet high, witli
the vapor streaming up out of the
ground constantly adding to them.
A house has been built over one of
the countless apertures, for tho pur
pose of giving sulphur baths, the
subject putting himself into a box,
like a niece of timber in a steam
chest and perhaps for tho same pur
pose to be more easily bent in a
desired shape. It would be a good
idea to send all "crooked bticks,"
in that case, to tho Volcano sulphur
bath. However, it was with us as
with Paddy on tho wine question,
when he said his name wasn't
Timothy and there was nothing
wrong with his stomach. All three
were supple enough to be doubled
over the rail of the steamer coming
down, and not ono felt possessed of
a malady that a sulphur bath would
cure. A. remarkable fact is observed
in the luxuiiant growth of ferns
and other wild vegetation all round
some of these vanor outlets ; while
roses and other shrubs grow rank
where the clear steam comes up tho
most freely, their foliage concealing
the apparently bottomless pits and
ditches in many places. This would
be a dangerous country for a chicken
thief to go prowling round at night,
us he would likely as not find him
self instead of the chicken boiled
for breakfast next morning.
About S) o'clock, accompanied by
Mr. Maby and the guide, Mr. Pea,
a bright-looking young native man,
the party set out for a tour of tho
crater, or caldera, as I shall call tho
whole lava bed, in obedience to
Captain Dutton and to distinguish it
from the subterranean vents in its
surface. Before taking the reader
along, it will be proper to give a
brief description of the around in
general, for the benefit of those who
have not been at the place. Standing
on tho Volcano House verandah and
looking southward to the lront, an
oblong plain, sunk hundreds of feet
below the level on which you stand,
lies stretched before your vision.
Say half way lengthwise, and about
quarter of the distance across from
the west side, are situated the three
points of recent disturbance known
as Ilalemaninau, the New Lake, and
the Little Beggar. As the eruptions
progressed the two lakes, Ilalcmau
mau and the New, built high ridges
round their edges as their surfaces
rose, until the former was partially
surrounded by enormous cliffs and
crags towering up 1UU or ouu icci,
and the floor of tho latter became
elevated, it is said, higher than the
cliffs enclosing the caldera, or main
crater. Tho Little Beggar was an
eruptive cone standing a shoit dis
tance off from a line between Hale
maumau and the New Lake. It lias
always been given out that tho cir
cuit of the caldera covered a dis
tance of nine miles, but since that
measurement was adopted the lava
has encroached upon a large addi
tional area at the south cud. When
it is added that the whole area with
in those nine, or maybe twelve miles,
is one field of lava many tiers deep,
it will not be difficult for the mind's
eye to take in a fair view of the
caldera of Kilauca. As it appeared
when its flics were active I have to
imagine with others who never had
the fortune to sec the sublime spec
tacle, aided by the verbal and
painted descriptions of it, which
have been abundant. To describe
what it looks like now was my com
mission to tho Volcano. First we
walked part way round the north
and west sides, on the edge of tho
cliffs burrounding tho caldera. We
had just set out when the greatest
manifestation of cruptivo power iu
fact the only one seen while I was
there was noticed in tho recent
center of activity, in the shape of a
thick jet of ashes thrown straight
up to a height of probably 200 feet.
Steam was issuing in consideiablc
volume from the sides of the north
and cast cliffs, near tho top, also
from many points nbout the crater,
and in lesser amount from cracks all
over tho bed of the caldera. At the
highest point on the western bluffs
Mr. Scverin trained his camera on
tho crater far below. It was pointed
out by Mr. Maby that tho Little
Beggar was entirely missing, nothing
remained of tho New Lako but a
circular-shaped patch sunk very
much below its former level, and as
for Ilaleiuaumau tho place it used
to occupy was a vast cavity. Smoke
in varying quantity rises from tho
pit formed by tho grand collapse,
somo of the wreaths being intensely
blue. Proceeding, farther south
ward tho outer bluffs descend to
tho ' caldera by three wide ter
races, and wo clambered down
to the last one to give Mr. Soverin
an opportunity of another command
ing view. While ho was taking the
picture, Mr. Thrum and I amused
0111 selves by rolling boulders over
the precipice to mark the lapse of
time before tho final thud 011 tho
lava below. As closely as we could
judge, it took from 10 to 15 seconds.
The shape of tho abyss in which the
active points had bocomo involved
was from this point pretty fairly
discernible. The top outline was
indescribably Irregular. A lino
could be drawn from north to south
near tho center, making a parallelo
gram of the west side. On the east
the remains of tho New Lake made
a peninsula, marked off from tho
lava field by a crescent shaped
gulch, while a jagged capo over
looked the gravo of tho Littlo Beg
gar. The banks of the cavity at
Halcmaumau sloped down to the
center, leaving but a small area for
the floor of the pit. The eustem
banks were perpendicular precipices.
Beyond the pit of Halcmaumau, tho
interior is a chaos of ridges and
heaps of debris, coarse and fine, as
if a stone and brick town were des
troyed by lire and the remains
dumped promiscuously from a bal
loon a hundred feet in tho nir into
ono vast ashpit. The area of the
ruins of the volcano would, it is
estimated, icquiic a fpnee four
miles long to enclose it, while the
abyss is calculated to bo from four
to six hundred feet deep. From the
point wo now occupy vivid heat
waves can be seen in the air over
places in tho cavity and also sundry
"blow holes" in tho lava beds out
side. It is found to be impossible
to reach the floor of tho caldera from
this terrace, tho descent being too
precipitous. Extensive' banks of
volcanic ashes and sand have to be
traversed, in the course of which we
cross deep gulches, the footing
being so doubtful that the guide has
to take the lead. Steam is hissing
out of the sides of these great
trenches with a good deal of force.
Observing the guide carrying a
large piece of sole leather, I asked
what it was for, and was told it was
to make new sandals when the ones
he wore gave out on the lava. This
indicated a cheerful prospect of the
rest of us having to do tho last of
the expedition barefooted, having
brought no shocmaking kit or stock
(7o Oe continued.)
THERE will bo a Meeting
of Lodge Le Progres dc
l'Occanio. No. 124 P. &. A.
M.. THIS WEDNESDAY
EVEIS 1JNG, nt 7:30 o'clock; 3rd Degree
Visiting brothers in good standing arc
rordially invited. Uv order of the
W. M. E. KlSTLEK, Sec'y.
Ilrnolulu, March 31,1880. It
C. Brewer & Co. Dividend.
A QUARTERLY dividend of Two
Dollars per .share will bo payable
Thursday, April 1st, at tho Co.'s office.
J. O. CARTER,
80 4t Treasmcr.
Wailuku Sugar Company
A DIVIDEND of Two Dollars per
Share on tho Stock of tho Wai
luku Sugar Co. w HI bo paid to stock
holders on Thursday, April 1st, ut the
office of C. Brewer & Co.
I'. C. JONES,
00 Jt Treasurer.
II. A. CO. DIVIDEND.
A MONTHLY Dividend of Four Dol.
lars per Share 011 the Stock of the
Hawaiian Agricultural Co. will ho paid
on THURSDAY, April 1st, at the ortlce
of O. Brew er &, Co. P. O. JONES,
i)0 4t Treasurer.
rpiIE STORE lately occupied by .1. T.
JL Walcrhouso as a Hardware Store
on King Street. Applp to
J. T. WA'lEUUODSE,
flO lw Queen Street.
By order of II. Hackfeld & Co., the
mortgagees named In a certain inden
ture of mortgage made by J. Ten Slau
of Honolulu, .Island of Calm,- Hawaiian
Islands, to II. Hackfeld & Co., sf Hono.
lulu, aforesaid, and recorded iu Liber
ur, pages Wi and -iw in too ucgtsier
Office, Honolulu, wo arc directed to sell
at public auction,
On SATURDAY, April 10th,
At 1! O'clock, noon,
at the Salesroom of E. P. Adams & Co.,
Queen Street, the Property coveud by
tho said mortgage, viz: That certain
Indenture of Lcumi of about 1 aero ot
Land planted with bananas anil sugar
With the Buildings thereon,
and recently occupied as a store by tho
mortgagor, situate on tho makal side of
King Street, Pawaa, Ilonolulu, nearly
opposilo tno uovernmeni nursery.
Said Lc.iko was given to J. Ten Slau
by II. It. II. Lllluokalani and J no. O.
Dominis 011 January 1, 1885, for 10
years, at an annual rent of $100 for G
years, and If 125 for the last G years; rent
paid to July 1, 188", BSTToims cash,
and papers ut expense of purchaser.
For lurthor particulars Inquire of
E. 1. ADAMS & Co.,
or to II. Hackvelu & Co.,
Mortgagees. 00 Ot
FRIDAY, April 2nd,
nt'10 a.m., at salesroom,
Dry Goods, Clothing
Groceries, Furniture, etc.,
and at 12 o'clock, noon, by order of W
C. Parke, Esq., assignee ot tho
Estate of E. C. Rowo,
1 Horse, Broken to Harness,
1 Horse, 1 Set of Harness,
1 lEJxprewH WuQfou.
89 81 E P. ADAMS & CO., Aucfr.
Dissolution of Co-purtnor-
rpiIE Co partnership heretofore exist.
JL tng between W. T. Uhoads and D.
McKcnzic, Carpenters and Builders, un.
dcr tin; firm name of RhoadA & Molten,
zlc, is this day dlHsolved by mutual
consent. W.T. HIIOADS,
Honolulu, March 80, 1880.
Tho business of iho abovo firm will
hereafter ho conducted solely by me.
All debts due the said firm must be paid
to me; and all its liabilities will he paid
bv me, at the old stand, 88 Queen Street,
Honolulu, II. I.
iitJO lw V. T. HIIOADS.
Opium at Auction,
By order of tho lion. J. II. Sopcr,
Marshal of the Kingdom, and by author
Ity of Ills Ex. the President of tho
Board of Health, I am directed to sell
by Public Auction, at tho Police Station,
To-morrow, Thursday, Ap. 1,
At tl O'clock, A.M.,
m TillS Of OlHIIlll
ronhVated for Infraction of theRcvcnue
Lawn. &f Terms cash.
LEWIS J. LEVEY,
By order of J. P. Hackfeld, Esq., As
signee of the Estate of Achlu, I will sell
at public auction, at my Saleroom,
On Wednosday, April 7th,
at 12 o'clock, noon, that certain
Indenture of Lease
dated October 1, 18', of J. Paalulil to
Mon Tong for piece of Land In Mauoa
Valley, described as follows:
" Kcla apana AIna Kula i holke ia
lloko o ka Pahipnla Slla Helu 2W6,
Kuleaua Helu 10280, e walho la ma
With Builtliug: thereon,
recently used as a letuil store. Lea'e
expires October 1. 1800, annual tent $12.
Terms cash, deeds at expense of pur
chaser. For further particulars enquire of
LEWIS J. LEVEY,
or to J. F. Hackfei.d, Esq.
Wo havo received instructions to oiler
at Public Auction, '
On MONDAY, April 5th,
at 12 o'clock, noon, nt our Salesroom,
the following named
Hhnren. Par Value.
10 Wnimea Sugar Mill Co $100
20 Mutual Telephone Co 10
5 Wulanao Sugar Co 1C0
80 fntcr.Island Steam Navig'nCo.. 100
i0 C. Brewer & Co. (Limited) 100
60 Union Feed Co 00
21 People's lee Co 100
Parties desiring to add their Stocks to
the above list can do so upon applica
E. P. ADAMS & CO.,
87 7t Auctioneers.
At Punahou, adjoining Col. Spreckels'.
Wo have received instructions to offer
lit Public Auction,
On MONDAY, April 5th
12 o'clock, noon, at our Salesroom,
Valuable Lot or Parcel of Land
at Punahou, adjoining the Premises of
Colonel Sprcokels, and fronting on
Bingham, Dolo and Alexander Streets,
Its dimensions being 200 by 400 feet,
and containing an area of nearly two
acres. The place can easily bo sub
5 Hiarg'e Lots,
4 Iota of 100 by 180 each, and 1 lot of
M0 by 200, but It will bo offered as
a whole. It is a handsome pos.
tlon for residences, in a pood neigh,
borhood, and will doubtless nay to
purchase for subdivision.
EST Terms favorable,
E. P. ADAMS & Co.,
87 7t Auctioneers.
Yal'ble Real Estate
On Wednesday, April 7th,
By order of II. A. YVMcmnnn, Esq.,
President Deutcher Vereln, I will sell nt
Public Auction, at my Salesroom, -10
Queen Street, tho ' Premises and Lot
woll known as the 4
With Club Buildiwj & Bowling Alley,
Also, 1 fine Billiard Table, Balls,
Cues, cto, etc.
The grounds are well laid out, and tho
premises can ho entered by Emma and
l'unrhhowl Streets. The ahovu offers a
good cliauco for Investment.
tSf Terms made known at ttmo of
Sale. Title perfect.
LEWIS J. LEVEY,
80 td Auctioneer.
ii r r ri iii nnTrTimnTgrTrrTrrTnniTirrrMiiTrffriTirirnrfriiffi im rirnrMiJLU
Staple and Fancy Groceries.
Beg to call tho attention of their patrons and housekeepers gener.
ally to tho varied assortment of their
Excellent New Stock !
Which is constantly replenished by every vessel arriving from the States
and Europe, selected with special care to cater to the recognized critical
taste of local patronage.
Groceries and Provisions
In every variety of detail.
MACONDRAY & CO.'S finest Green and Black Teas;
American mill Eilisli Table Loxuries !
And delicacies In endless variety.
Orosso & Blackwcll's Conserves and the Cutting Packing's First Grades;
The Celobratcd Hold & Son's Bu Halo Hams and Bacon, the choicest ever
brought to this market;
Cereals in eveiy variety In patent weave proof tins;
Evaporated ami Pitted Fruits and every variety of Nuts;
Oysters, Fish, Vegetables and Fruits
On Ice Eveiy Steamer.
JST A personal inspection of our FRESH STOCK, wo believe, will result in
a keen edge to appetite and a heightened interest In tho HOME MEAL
JUST OPENED UP,
Jersey Waists from $2 to $8;
Jersey Cloths in all Shades;
Ladies' Untrimmed Hats, the latest Styles;
Ornaments, All-Over Lace,
And a Fine Line of Trunks,
CHAS. JT. FISHEL.
STILL AHEAD !
I?oi Steamer Mariposa, tlio
TEMPLE OF FASHION
-will receive n. 1'ull line of tlio
Latest American anil English Stylos of Dry Goods.
A completo and assorted invoice of Dry Goods, comprising tho latest leading
styles of Lndlesand Misses' Wear; also, everything of new departure in tie Dry
Goods line; also, an excellent Stock of
Fine Goods and bed-rock Prices is our
represented. Our Stock is open to
The Gents' Furnishing Department
JIiiHt be Closed before the arrival of the HaripoHit.
t3T Wo have a small stock of Men's and Boys' Sulta on hand which, until tho .
rival, can bo bought at less than factory prices. If you doubt, call. " Seeing is
274 S. COHN & CO., Proprietors.
Hough Manufacturing Company's
Vnftellnn Camphor Ire,
Vnnellne Cold Cream,
Vaseline Hair OU.
VuHollue Hewing Machine OR,
Hollister & Co.,
P.O. BOX 315.
Real Estate Agent,
Wildci s Steamship Agent,
Great Burlington Hallroad Agent
J. K. WILDER.
Everything guaranteed to Tie as
Jweryuouy is invited.
109 Fort Street.
Honolulu, II. I.
Custom House Broker.
Manager Hawaiian Opeia House
Fire and Life Insurance Acent.