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BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Ilnwallan Wanda.
Draw Exchange on the
XSanlc oi Ciilil'oiriila, . JT.
And tholr agents In
NEW YORK, BOSTON, IIONQ KONQ.
Messrs. N. M. Itolhschlld A Son, London
Tho Commorclnl Hank Co., of, Sydney,
Tho Commercial Hank Co.,".of Sydney,
Tho flank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Clirlstcliurch, nnd Wellington,
Tho Hank of llrltlsh Colunibln, Wlc-
I ,torla, II. 0., and I'orlland, Or.
Transact n General llauklng ..Business.
Fledged to neither Beet nor Fatty.
Bnt eitaollthed for tho benefit of nil.
FRIDAY, JUKK 2"., 1885.
Our legislators, or rather some
individual members of tin whole,
Beem rather inclined to drift into
class legislation this session. A
temlency of this kind towards the
close of the 19th century is gener
ally supposed to indicate lack of
intellectual development. To legis
late ngaint entrance into the country
of classes that may be considered
hurtful to its interests, is justifiable
on the ground of self-protection.
But to discriminate by legislation
against people freely admitted into
the country, and law-abiding whilst
there is a slightly different mattor.
The road tax bill, a bill of the class
legislation kind, was justly slaugh
tered a few days ago, nnd yesterday
Mr. Kcau came forward with an
other bill of a similar character.
Tlic intent of this bill is to prohibit
people from other countries working
on the Honolulu wharves. Tho
honorable member stated that he
had introduced the measure in con
formity with the prayer of a peti
tion presented to the house a .short
time ago, that foreigners should not
he allowed to work on the wharves.
It is very commendable of Air.
Kcau or any other member to bo
watchful of the wants and attentive
to the wishes of his constituents.
But wc are not aware of any statute
law or rule of the house requiring a
member to make himself ridiculous
in imitation of his constituents. In
fact, if thej" distinctly request that
kind of tiling of him, he has, ac
cording to our reading of the law,
a clear right to decline most respect
fully. Besides, as 31 r. Dole inti
mated, Hawaiians are not in need of
a protective measure of this kind,
because they arc generally preferred
hy employers for the woik of the
wharves, such as loading and un
loading of vessels. As long as the
natives are inclined to do this class
of work, and arc fair and reason
able in their demands, there is little
danger of their being superseded by
foreigners of any nationality what
ever. "Wo wish it distinctly under
stood that it is farthest from our in
tention to insult the intelligence of
the Legislature by supposing that
there is any probability of the pro
position being seriously entertained
by it. No doubt the measure will be
placed on the rejected list when it
comes up for second reading.
To the public it seems strange,
and is a matter of considerable com
ment, that the reductions in the
Appropriation Bill made by advice
of His Majesty, do not include
items that are considered the most
superfluous. There is scarcely a
respectable, responsible, and intel
ligent person in the community who
would not have been glad to have
seen the appropriation for tho mili
tary reduced at least one-half, as
tho money expended for that pur
' pose is considered worse tlian
thrown away. It would be surpris
ing if the public viewed the matter
in any other light. Indeed, it
would have been a discreditable
reflection on their intelligence and
common-senso if they hnd arrived
at an opposite conclusion. If tho
money that has been wasted yes,
wasted, literally and shamefully
wasted on tho military during tho
past years had been judiciously ex
pended for tho good of the country,
there wotdd have been visible good
results now in existence that are in
reality missing. Wo wish it to bo
understood that we do not refer to
tho entire appropriation, but to a
considerable portion of it. One-half,
or perhaps loss, might have- serv
ed a legitimate purpose. Tho bal
ance, if only wasted would have
lieen wasted only! But when wo con
Hider tho demoralizing effect that
this soldiering business lias had on
many of tho young natives, which is
junply verified by tho unimpench-
nblo testimony of their employers,
it is no exaggeration to sny that this
11101103' has been worse than wasted.
Aside from this nspect of the ques
tion altogether, let us for one mo
ment reflect on the childish ridicu
lousness of devoting so large a por
tion of the country's limited rcvenuo
to the creation and support of a
useless nrmy useless for protection
from internal enemies, because wo
have none ; doubly useless for re
pulsing n foreign foe, bccauic like a
new-born babe resisting a giant.
Shall a technical school for Hawaiian
youths, or a homo for poor .hoys
nlllictcd with a terrible malady, bo
shelved for futuie consideration be
cause of lack of funds for present
action, whilst tens of thousands of
dollars are being lnviheil on ludi
crous cockades and repulsive steel?
Gentlemen, let us learn common-
sense, and make reductions in luxu
ries, superfluities, and follies; or
candidly confess in words, what wc
have too long done by acts, that wo
are a set of timbcr-licaded mounte
bank. WORKMEN WORTHYIf PAY.
31 r. Kcau certainly made a point
at the introduction of his bill to
prohibit foreigners working on the
wharves of Honolulu, when. he said
that "laborers, whose contracts on
the plantations had expired, Hocked
into Honolulu and took the work
that natives had been doing on the
wharves, at rates that lowered wages
to a point below what gave a fair
living." Wc do not hesitate to put
ourselves on record as decidedly
opposed to lowering wages, whether
for skilled or unskilled labor, to a
point that docs not give a decent
living to the laborer. Wc are not
the advocate of cheap labor, in the
sense of inadequately remunerating
the laborer for his .services. Of
course, it is not to be expected that
an employer of labor should pay a
rate of wages that makes him a loser
by his enterprise. But, on the other
hand, it is enough that he get a
proportionate shaio of the gains,
allowing the workman his legitimate
proportion according to the unwritten
law of natural rights. Wc believe
fully in the ipse dixit of the poor
tcntmakcr, who worked for his liv
ing, that " the workman is worthy
of his hire." The rights of pro
perty havo been clearly defined nnd
very carefully preserved. Its duties
have been sadly neglected. One of
the first of these is to regard the
' wants, and ameliorate the condition
of those who have been less favored
by fortune. The poor should be
tho first care of the State. Every
law should be made with an intent
to protect and encourage those who
live by labor. Restrictions, imposts,
penalties and liabilities, should be
so regulated as to throw as nearly
ns possible their whole weight upon
those who arc best able to meet tho
demands of tho State; and every
fair and wise means should be
adopted to increase the daily earn
ings of the workmen, by throwing
open every outlet for profitable em
ployment. The working man not
only requires the protection of the
State, but of all the population he
is the most important and most
deserving portion thereof. The
capitalist, tho tradesman, the law
yers and doctors, editors nnd politi
cians, can be spared, but leave us
without labor and what becomes of
the country ? The steam engine
without fuel, tho cart without the
horse very handsome and good in
their way, but both helpless logs
without the motive power. So tho
men of wealth and of respectable
professions and callings are excel
lent persons, but suppose they have
no ouo to black' their boots, or har
ness the horse for them, why they
evaporate. The men who' aro the
most necessary portion of this and
every community, the woiking men,
arc at least worthy of tho considera
tion that will ungrudgingly give
them un equivalent of coin in ex
change for their bone nnd muscle,
whether they ho brown or yellow,
black or white. Tho man who would
endeavor to procure labor at a price
less than its vnluo to. him deserves
tho unutterable contempt of his
THE FAIREST TAXATION.
There is but little difference be
tween Mr. Dickey's opinion that
"personal taxes hhould bo as light
as possible, as tho benefits aro apt
to bo unevenly distributed in pro
portion to the tax-payers," and our
own viows of the samo matter. But
personal taxes ns levied in tills
country, largely for specific pur
poses, should not be so objcctionnblo
ns in countries where raised for tho
general purposes of government.
Hero wo have a mad lax and n school
tax, which aro prima facie, taxes
for specific objects, and both of
which arc personal. The other taxes,
personal and otherwise, which tho
people arc required to contribute to
tho public treasury, arc for unde
fined purposes. The road tax is the
fairest of all, because, If honestly
expended for the object intended,
the contributor gets direct benefit in
tho toads provided for his use. The
other tax for a specific purpose, the
school tax, although used as in
tended, may ho of no direct benefit
to the contributor, because he may
have no children to be schooled, and
be simply paying for the education
of his neighbors' children. Coming
back again to Mr. Dickey's letter;
wc do not fully agree with his view,
thai "there can be no fairer tax
than a property tax properly carried
out." If he had said "a property
and income tax," we should have
responded in a voice as loud as that
of the gentleman from Kauai, "that's
so!" It is fair Hint a man who has
property should contribute for the
support of government in proportion
to the value of his property, expect
ing and receiving in leturn the pro
tection of the property for which lie
pays. Hut then, from causes which
lie is unable to control, that property
may be unreir.unerative, and more
over he may be unable to realize
thereon if so disposed, how then?
Is it fair to levy a tax thereon at a
valuation that an intelligent assessor
would estimate its intrinsic woith?
This isadilllcultyinthe way of equit
able property taxation that eminent
political economists have admitted.
An income tax is not confronted
with any similar embarrassment.. A
man whose income is small is not in
a position to contribute largely to
the expenses of government, and
should not be called upon to do so.
Whereas a man with a largo income
can afford to pay largely, and may
be justly required to do so. Tax
ation according to income is placing
the burdens of state on the shoul
ders best able to bear them. That
is fair, and no fair minded man will
object to it. In the early days of
Australian gold-mining miners were
compelled to pay a monthly fee for
the privilege of mining on the crown
lands, whether the' got gold or not.
After a while great dissatisfaction
prevailed, which culminated in a
terrible riot. The miners demanded
a repeal of the license law, on the
ground that it was unjust to compel
poor fellows who were unable to find
the shade of the color of gold to
pay the same as those who were
making their pile. The licence
system was abolished, and a duty
levied on gold instead, so that every
miner contributed to the cost of
government according to the amount
of gold he took out of the govern
ment? land. Every body was satis
fied, and the government revenue
more than doubled the first three
months. This was an income tax.
Eiiiday, June 25th.
The Assembly was opened with
prayer by the Chaplain at 10 a. ji.,
Vice-President Rep. Aholo in tho
chair. The following members were
present before the rending of min
utes: Ministers Gibson, Gulick,
Kupena, and Neumann; Nobles
Dominis, Kuihelani, Ivaao, Walker,
Knnoa and Wilder; Reps. Hayscl
den, Lilikalani, Baker, Ainnra, Kau
lia, Pallia, Naliinu, Kckoa, Aholo,
Kaukau, Knni, Thurston, Paehnole,
Dole, Kauai, 1'alohau, Brown, and
The minutes of yesterday's meet
ing were lead by the Secretary and
tho Interpreter, in English nnd Ha
waiian. AN INVITATION.
Tho President directed the Secre
tary to read the following communi
"To tiii: Hon. J. S. Wai.ki:u,
"President of the Legislative
Sir: By the notion of the Legis
lature of 1881 approved by His Maj
esty the King, tho Chair of Chem
istry mid tho Natural Sciences in
Oahu Collego'was partially endowed.
In recognition of litis fact, us it lias
been an important factor in provid
ing tho present ndvniitugen enjoyed
by tho students of said college, I
would beg to invite yourself and
through you the honorable members
of the Assembly to be present this
morning, June 25th, to witness tho
work In that department hi its clos
ing examinations. I will have the
omnibuses of tho college in waiting
at the Government building nt 10 : lf
o'clock, and the work at tho college
will begin at 10:lf.
"I am, very truly yours,
W. C. Mnuiurr,
"Pros, of Oahu College."
" Rep. Kalua said this .communica
tion came in too Into, therefore ho
rccommendpd Hint it bo accepted
and Hint tho Commlttco on Educa
tion bo excused to visit the institu
tion if they seo fit.
Rep. Dole admitted that it was
rather late, but tho work of the lc
pnrtnlcnt assisted by Government
would not begin till a quarter to
eleven. The professor was going
to perform experiments that most
members of tho Education Commit
too had seen before, but which
would be new to many other mem
bers of tho house. Mr. Mcrritt bad
spoken to him about it this morning
mid said ho would take the risk of
having the omnibuses in waiting,
nnd they were there now. lie
moved that a committee of seven
members bo appointed to visit tho
Rep. Richardson approved of
having tho invitation accepted in
some way, as tho item was to bo
voted upon and some members ques
tioned tho expediency of renewing
Rep. Haysclden supported the
motion of Rep. Kniua, to excuse the
Education Committee for the pur
pose. Hep. Kckoa, as a member of the
Education Committee, said lie would
like very well to go, but this was the
day set for consideration of the Ap
propriation Bill, and ho therefore
preferred to attend to his duties in
Rep. Kalua withdrew his motion
nnd moved that the house take a
recess till 1 :JJO v. m., which carried.
4th of July, 1886.
Fireworks at Auction.
To-mnriow, Sntuiday, lime L'Oth,
nl IS noon, I will sell at my Salesroom,
btar or iiavon,
-A.C .A.1 lotion.
We have received intiiictlnn to -ell
at Public Auction, for account of whom
It may concern,
On Tuesday, Juno 29th,
At 12 o'clock noon at tho l'i-h MmKct
Whaif, llii! Ilrlti'h Haik
STAR OF DEVOftS
Afc she lies at (he wharf, together with
Anchor.-, Chains 2 boat-, Kuilnlng
Gear, e'e, complete, registered tonnage
33!) ions, Alo at the same time will he
1 Set New Sail,
A lot of Provisions, Etc,
E. P. ADAMS & Co.,
2t . "auctioxkkhs.
On SATUltDAY, June 20,
nl It! noon, I will sell at my Saleroom,
Clioice California Hay
Just landed in prime condition.
LEWIS J. LEVEY,
Burnt Ool, but Not Dead !
Ryan's M-fliillii Sioi
Is now udjolnlug tho rear of
JULY 4, 1886
A FINK LOT OP
Tiibt iccoived nnd for Bale nt icneoit.
u lil u Kates by
E. P, Adams & Co.
A GKKMAN LADY, recommended
xi. by I'tofosbor Ii. Horgcr, dcsliei to
glvo lessons in I'innn nnd Singing to
young i.uuios anil uniuiren. Aiiniv
ittOlui No. 32 Liliha slrec
KOOMS TO LET,
OLKAN, cool, coinfoiinlilo, fiirnMicil
ltoomb to lei, nt uiodcinlo rati a, at
P8 and 100 Hotel meet. f91in
A!! Special Orders
11, Bitter or Cream
at DAVIS is WILDHR'S
phono 11)0) any morning
will bo filled with rcaonablo
promptness by tho
Woodlawn Dairy & Stook Comp'y,
41 A, J SMITH, Heo'y. lm
By older of A. .1. Oiilwrlght, Sr., tho
duly appointed Eeiitor and littMeo of
the hint will mill ictamcut of Kminu
KnUitnuahitii dreensed, and under
license of tlitj Supremo Court of tho
Hnwallnn Ilnnd, silting ns a Court of
Proliant, wo me diiccied to sell nl pub
lic iuiciloii,i nt mil Hnlcttootn, in Hono
tho Oth Day of July, J88G,
at 12 m. of ihm day, nl) the right,!; title
nnd Interest or tlic s.ild A. .). Cart
wright, Sr., as m.cIi K.ecutnr. nndiTius.
tee us aforcbiilii, uiitl nil tho right, lltlo
and Interest which the said Etmnn Kn
lulcomthiiil hnd at the tlino of her de
cease, of, In and to that certain pleco or
pnicul of land, known ns tho
situate In tho Dlstiict of Komi, Hiunlof
Kauni, and containing an
Area oi" :t,(MtO Aercn,
mot o or h i-s, is dcfciil ed in liny.il I'.i.
tout No. -ir.K', Mnhclo AwnxNil,
at tho Upset Price or Sum of $22,000;
mid nlo Hint certain puce or purr el of
land sltuiile In Ntiunmi Valley, llono.
lulu, Island of Onliu, nnd kunwn as
nnd be-inc tlic premises tnniieriy occu
pied by W. L. (Jiocn, Ksq., as a private
KT For fuitlier ptrtlctibtts, npplto
A .1 fiutwriglil.Sr., or
E. P. ADAMS & CO.,
II) td " Auctioneer.
Hy order of .1. IMlnc.kfold A 'minis,
ifitorof lb Km at i1 of Conn it Mi like,
deceased, wo liiuo been illicled in sell
at public auction, nl our Salesroom, in
On MONDAY, .July 12 Mi,
ui IB o'clock, noon, oT thin day,
if not previously disponed of,
400 Shares in the
Iliiila Slice) SMioii Co,
or llntmitil.i, Hawaii
The total Cnplial Stock of the llumuula
Sheep Station Co. amounts to 1 noo
Shares at the
Par Value of $ 1 00 each.
The Company owns tho uilunble. sheep
ranch t-liiuitc i n tin' Mopes of Vntinn
lici and Mnunaluii, known an the lloinii.
it In Slice)) Stntlon; the mini men of lm d,
held under a I.jim fiom tho Crown Com
in! fioiici fi in oi'i pired term of
nboiil J-' year, is 100,IKU ucioj. nioio or
less, a huge part of which In beautiful
pasture land; Ihiie ftro
About 1 8,000 Sheep
more or less, nlM a large number of
Horses nnd wild Cattle on ibo landp.
Tho Plnrc will bo oold with pilvilego
10 I'lKe iiu io min Rr.nic?.
Tho nbowj tnlo h mnilu for tho pur-po-u
of nettling litis isliile of rain ('.
Menkc, dcco.iRLd, and will bo wilhoni
Cr Tho tonus of the mle are Cash.
T'or limber particulars, npplj to .1 V.
Uiickfeld. at theofllce f llickteld &
Co., Honolulu, or
E. P. ADAMS & Co.,
57 end J - Auctioneers.
Py order of .1. F. IlnoUtcld, Ksrj., the
duly appointed As-lgiico of tho Hank
nipt K-ti.tc of T. K Uliuhoof lClpahulii,
Maul, noting under authority of an or.
der of the Supremo Couit dit'led June 8,
1880, wuaro diieutcd to sell at Public
auction, nt our Salesreom, In Honolulu,
On MONDAY, July V.), '80,
at 1U oVlcck, iiojn, of that day,
All the Right, Title & Interest
of the said J. F. Ilnckfcld as such
Assignee, of, In nnd to the
situate tit Kipahulu, Maui, heretofore
belonging to tho mid T. K. Clnrlie.
Tho sit id Plnntaiion comprises aloui
1000 acres of Laud in fee hiptplc, and
about ITiOO acres of Leased Land; there
are about 7 SCO ticieb ol Land available
for enno cultivation; about ISO acres of
Plant Cnno and about HO acres of 1 nnd
I 2 Hatloons nio now Rowing for the
1 next crop to count off ft out, wt', Decern-
bet, lfcPO, to about Mnj,P87. Tlicio
132 head of WorkingCattlc,
2 Bulls, 27 Ycnrlings,
35 Cows with 27 Cnlvcs,
3 Mules, 10 Horses unci rjomo
on the Plantation nil branded TICC, alo
About 11 Bullock Carts,
2 .Mulo Cnrts, Plows and
other Implements & Tools
generally used on a mgar plantation.
Tho linger pint of tho Cnno, when har
vested, ciiii boconioyed to tho mill by
There Is a tiooil MihMniillnl lauding
btldge, In which tho Plantation holds a
half inlcroit. Also, a Tloukuv Knglna
and iiuilnu tiiick connected with the
The Plantation U in good running
order nnd a new crop is being put in nt
HOT Tho tonus of tho Bale aro OA8II,
and tho Deeds aro at tho expense of tho
For all further particulars apply to
J. F. IlnokMd, Honolulu, or to OSCAlt
E. P. ADAMS & CO.,
55 Id . Au ctloiiccre-
II. DAV1W. rt3-
- IMl'OKTKKS AND
IIuvo .Received, per AiiNlriiMn.
California Fresh Fruits, etc, etc.,
Season now (oinnionclng with Clierrle?, to by fol owed b Apncota, I'cnchcs,
Plums. 1, ma Grape". Nectarines. Apples, etc. Alt', ink rrcli Holl
liuller, Fresh Salmon, ltock Cod, SmeltH, Mniiiulyf, H lciy,
Cauliflower, etc., etc.
WooUlitwn Dsiiry ISuttor, 1-lb. Bricks, ! ccxiIh Midi,
Other I.Hlaiul Dairies, 50 cents per lb.
Cjy- lWcmliiR exceptional advantages In having n llefrleer t"i of Mictlor
capacity, built especially for tho purpose of preseivlng freth aid hwici tin- v.irl
ous diillcnclcs with which our patrons nto Mtppllcd, wo clnlm for our Putter tho
first repnliilloii in the local market.
A Complete I Aim of
Fresh Groceries, Table Delicacies, etc.
Ilrnn, Oato, Corn, Barley, Wheat, at lowest market rates.
Speclnl care given to the lllllng of Island orders. Fruit shipped to tho other
Islntnlf dining the pcnnii. Dnllv deliveries to all parts of the city,
Wniklkl nnd ihoVnlloy.
3P. O. Box 435; 33otli Tel., 130.
In Pink, Blue, ltcd and White,
ng Millinery House
CHA3. J. FISMEL, Cor. Fort and Hotel Sts.
Tho I.ndies of Honolulu tiro" specially invited to conto nnd Inspect my now
Stuck of All.OverKinbroldeiliH, J.ncw, Mixed Chnmbrjjs in pink, blue, cream,
btow nnd grrty, with Knibroidciles to mntch Printed Lawns in endless
Mirlety. Tho thubt line or Pititi'ols over shown In this city. Sonic-
thing new In STH1PED HUNTINGS, tho latest.
Red, While & Blue All-Over Embroideries,
with EDOINtlS to inntch. The (litest line of Trimmed and Untrimmcd Hats,
Fiowor.J, I'lathcrs, ltlhbon, Ornaments, always on hand.
CHAS. -T. FISHEL,
The Leading Millinery House,
Corner ol" XToi-fc
Grand Opening, For One Week Only !
Commencing Monday, June 14th, at the
Ladies' Bazar, 88 Foil Street
Having just received a supply of Now Goods, consisting of some of the Leading
and Fasliloiinblo Styles nl LADIES and MISSES HAiS, I most respectfully in-
vite the Ladles to call nnd examine tho same, aleo, a largo Hue of
Corsets, Ladies' & Misses' Hosiery, etc.
1 have iiImi the pleasure of informing tho Ladles that I have been fortunnte enough
to fectiio the services or one of tho best nnd most favorably known Milliners of
San Francisco, jtut arrived by tho Zcnlandia.
Will now havo chargo of tho Millinery Department, she having for manv vcars
kept one of tho largest Millinery Stoics In S-m Francisco, and being also'well
known In Honolulu, I hope to obtain a sharo of patronage, and will guarantee
satisfaction in all cases.
I3T Dressmaking in all lis branches will be attended to by myself, -a
RfiRS. J, LYONS, Proprietor.
Practical Confectioner, Fancy Pastry Cook and Ornamentor.
ESPEOTFULLY informs the Public
thru he intends to furnish, ns soon
Different Creams, Fruit and Water Ices
practically known to him. Ilnving ntado a contract w ith tho Woodlawn Dairy for
a eoiiMunt supply of their celebrated Cicam, will supply hib customers with inoro
than fifty dili'uicnt kinds Fancy Creams, Tootle Fruity, Soufllcs nnd many more
too numerous to mention here, all ot which ho has had practical ccperlencejwilh
at the Imperial Courts of Vienna and tho Hoyal Confectionery of Ilavuria." All
Meiiin.powcr-madc articles in this line aro far superior to any liand-mtidc.
Propiletor Pioneer Stenm Cindy Fncloty and Ornnmcntal Confectioner.
FACTOliY AND STOHE No. 71 Hotel sticct, between Fort and Nuuanu Sta.
Both Telephones, No. 74.
P. S. Special arrangements mado regnrdlug Prices for large orders, which It
will bo impnshlo for nny ouo else to compete with.
Cteuliili toictiirig Company's
YiiHt'lliin I'm re,
ViiHi-lino Will to,
Vnwollnu Camphor Ieo,
VnHelliio Cold Crennt,
VnHvllno Ilnlr Oil,
VnHelliio Hmvlnir Mnclilno Oil,
Hollister & Co,, 109 Fort Street, !69
r. Jt. M'X0L,T.rm
just received, ex Zealaudin, at tho
&i I-Iotel StroetN.
of Honolulu and tho Islands generally
as tho needed appliances arrive, nil the
Jim, . .. :
i, ,v,fc '
AfAf . j Af .. v' '
& v &b&J.j4bi' .
.- 4i&- V:wjs.A4t& &M3-tok&&3JLJhjk