Newspaper Page Text
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Dcpnrtmcnt oi' Interior,
Honolulu, July 7, 18S0.
All patties having
Claims for tVloneys
duo for lnbor or mntcrinl against tho
Department of tho Interior or any of Its
Bureaus Rro hereby requested to present
the same to tho Bureau by which the
Bitmo was incurred, In proper foun or
On or bofore Friday; July 9, 1880,
at 12 o'clock m.
WALTER M. G11JSON,
73 2t Minister of Interior.
BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian lttlhuds
Draw Exchange ou the
Bank oi' Ctililornlu, H. IP.
And their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, MONO KONQ.
Messrs. N. M. Kothschild & Son, Loudon
Tho Commercial Hunk Co., oi Sydney,
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
Tho Bank of Now Zeal mid: Auckland,
Christchurch, and Wellington,
Tho Bank of British Columbia,
toria, B. C, and Portland, Or.
Transact a Geneiul Banking Business.
Fledged to neither Beet nor Party.
But established for tho benefit of nil.
FRIDAY, JULY 9, 188f.
Those who have been in the habit
of reading our morning contempo
rary for the last year or so past will
remember the accusations it has
Lrought at different times against a
portion of tho mercantile community
of Honolulu respecting tho illicit
trade in opium. It has charged
again and again that those who arc
opposed to licensing opium are
secretly engaged in the business of
importation and sale of the drug,
threatening great revelations and ex
posures, which hitherto have not
heen made. This paper has repeat
edly challenged the production of
names, but without success. Now
there is a change of position. "N'c
have charged that the government
has been defrauded by a system of
fraudulent commissions, and the
Advertiser comes down on us like a
ton of coal, calling upon us to
"name the offenders, etc." In
other words, our considerate con
temporary asks of us a favor similar
to one which he declined to grant us
recently. It is easy to reply, furnish
us your names and the proofs in the
opium business, and we will give
you a list of those accepting com
missions. But does the government
organ really desire the names? Or
is it really ignorant of the fact as
stated by us yesterday? We shall
return to this subject again, but in
the meantime would correct a mis
apprehension. AVc did not point to
"specific cases," etc., but simply
supposed cases, to illustrate how the
thing is done.
WHAT IS WANTED.
We" have always held that the
main requisites of this kingdom arc
roads, bridges, and landing conven
iences. Increase of experience and
a closer acquaintance with the coun
try's condition produce no alteration
of our oft-repeated views, only in
the way of deepening the conviction
of their soundness. Since the in
troduction into these islands of civi
lized government tliej' have been,
for the most part, unfortunately
governed by inexperienced and un
practical men who have never
realized the paramount importance
of the class of works just now
alluded to. What can a lawyer, or
a doctor, or a banker, or an ac
countant, or a shop-keeper, confined
all his life to towns and cities,
. though well qualified for his own
particular calling and deeply read
in the philosophy of money-making,
know of the needs and methods of
development of a new country?
Just about as much as a landsman
knows of raising tho sunken steamer
Kapiolani, or a mariner of boring
an artesian well. Men experienced
in country life, with a thorough
practical knowledge of this country's
agricultural aud pastoral resources,
and tho obstacles to tlicir develop
ment, would have made roads,
bridges, wharves, and jetties a first
claim ou tho public revenue, placing
costly buildings, a standing army
and its accompaniments, foreign
missions, and a host of other whim
sical frivolities that havo been for
years eating up tho contribution of.
the poor, down at tho bottom of tho
list, as amusing past-times that
might bo afforded away in the f nturc,
when tho work of development has
been consummated and no other out
let exists for an overflowing treasury.
Tho country has been treated to
bales of bunkum from tho press
about the importance of being
" better known abroad," to the
neglect of duo consideration for
what should bo done at home. Being
better known abroad is not going to
improve our internal condition.
True, outside enlightenment touch
ing our climate, the beauty of our
scenery, and our natural wonders,
might increase the number of visi-'
tors to our shores, who would directly
benefit n few tradespeople in a
pecuniary way, and indirectly a few
others of the community. But how
is that going to help the great in
terests of the country? Will tran
sient visitors cause two sticks of
sugar-cane to protrude where only
one sprouted before? Will they
transform our desolate wastes into
populated fields of profitable vege
tation? No! Then, as to a per
manent industrial population being
attracted here by our being "better
known abroad," such knowledge
would undoubtedly operate the op
posite way. To enlighten the decent
people of overcrowded countries re
specting the exorbitant prices of our
land, the inaccessibility of our fer
tile valleys from lack of roads, and
the dilliculty of removing produce
from the open plains near the sea
because of the miserable landings,
would most certainty determine them
to abandon any intention they may
hav6 had of coming here. Better
facilities for the development of the
country would improve the condition
of the people now in it and tend to
increase their number infinitely mote
than being better known abroad,
and for this reason we unhesitat
ingly favor liberal appropriations
and expenditures in that direction in
preference to all others.
Continued from page !.
Rep. Kaunamano gave notice of
an act to amend acts amendatoiy of
Section 10., Civil Code, relating to
the Board of Education. Also, of
an act to authorize the gi anting of
licenses for the sale of opium and
preparations of opium in this King
dom. Rep. Nahinn presented a resolu
tion that the Government be request
ed to Jill the vacancy caused by the
resignation of Dr. Baker as physi
cian for North and South Kona.
Laid on the tabic to be considered
with appropriations for the Board of
Rep. Richardson moved the order
of the day.
Rep. Thurston thought his resolu
tion of Saturday legarding the Mo
lokai committee had precedence as
Rep. Kaulukou considered the
resolution was defunct, as the house
adjourned pending its discussion.
Rep. Thurston said the house did
not adjourn on his resolution, but
on the order of the day, which was
called previously. He had no desire
for a discussion, but only wanted a
Min. Dare said the matter might
have come up this morning during
the time for resolutions, hut that
hour having elapsed the motion for
the order of the day should be put.
Rep. Thurston said ho was waiting
under the rules, for unfinished busi
ness, to bring his resolution to the
attention of the house.
The President ruled that the time
for routine business having expired,
the motion for the order of the dav
should be decided.
The motion carried.
onor.n of the dav.
Third reading of un act to pro
vido for the payment of salaries and
expenses of court till tho 81st Aug.
Rep. Dickey moved the 1st sec
tion be amended to 15th September
instead of 31st August, as from
present appearances tho latter time
would be too short.
Rep. Thurston thought the title
should be amended so as to cover
tho other expenses of Government
in the interval.
Noblo Knae said that tho three
quarters of salary would bo a viola
tion of contract with the soldiers.
Rep. Dickey explained that tho
provision only applied to officials
mentioned in the last Appiopriation
Rep. Aholo thought it would be
better to strike out tho three-quart-cis
clause, as it would only create
Tho amendment to the title carri
ed, and, on motion of Rep. Dickey,
the bill passed.
Second reading of an act to amend
section 778 of the Civil Code, re
lating to tho qualifications of repre
sentatives. Rep. Dickey, who introduced the
bill, moved it bo lead a second time
by its title, which carried, and he
1 hen moved it be laid on the table
to bo considered with a proposed
amendment to tho Constitution which
ho had introduced.
Rep. Kaulukou moved the bill bo
indefinitely postponed, as the house
could deal with tho measures separ
ately. Ho was ready to hear tho
icasons tor tno proposed change In
Rep. Dickey said if the houso
wanted to kill the hill they could
do so, and that would pi event tho
question coinintr un attain this ses
sion. His object in having it tabled
was to admit of his other bill com
Rep; Thurston said ho had no ex
pectation that this bill or the pro
posed amendment to the Constitu
tion would pas. But it ought to
pass, nnd tho day would come when
this proposal would ho tho law of
the land. Other countries havo had
their governments in the hands of
public officials, who had tlicir own
way for a time but they wont down
and would go down in Hawaii.
There were some Government
oflicinls in this house as good men
as there were outside of the Legis
lature, but' it was impossible for a
member of this house who was de
pendent on the Government for his
bread and butter to bo thoroughly
unbiassed. Other countries had
dealt with this matter year after
year, and had got it down so fine
that if a member of the Legislature
belonged to a firm that had a gov
ernment contract, ho must either
sever his connection with the firm
oriesign his seat in the Legislature.
It was the principle involved that he
looked to, and he was glad tho ques
tion came up, giving an opportunity
of agitation. It would bo seen how
ever' Government official in the
hnusu would vote against this mea
sure. He moved that tho bill pass.
Minister Dare believed the mem
ber must have overlooked the bear
ing of this bill. He had heard of
odium attaching to Government
officials in all countries, but heard
for the first time to-day that the
judge of a court of record, a tax
assessor -or collector, classed with
criminals and idiots. Who ever
heard of a judge or a tax collector
classed in any civilized country
with an idiot or a thief? Suppose
they reversed the principle and say
that no person holding a seat in this
Legislature should ever after be
eligiblo for any offce? Who was
better able to represent an interior
district than a gentleman who had
intelligently assessed it? Who was
better able to do so than a man who
had visited every hamlet and every
home in thatdistrict? Who was better
able to adjust the inequalities and
harshness of a law than a judge who
had administered it in his district?
He asked the Hawaiian members if
they would put upon the statute
books a piovision that their most
intelligent people should not repre
sent their districts.
Rep. Dickey asked if the Attorney-General
wns aware that judges
of courts of record could not now
represent them, according to the
Minister Dare replied in the af
firmative, saying it should have
been wiped off years ago. He be
lieved the people themselves should
be entitled to say who should repre
sent them, and if they choose a
judge, or tax assessor or collector,
he should be entitled to represent
Rep. Dickey said His Excellency
proposed to make fun of this bill
because it put judges on the same
footing as insane people. There
were good reasons why insane peo
ple should not be representatives,
also good reasons why judges should
not be. The Constitution recog
nized that judges of courts of
record should not be members of
the Legislative Asembly. Those
judges had the disposal of the inter
ests of the people to a great extent.
If one of them was desirous of gain
ing a seat in the Legislature there
was danger that he might decide
cases wrongfully. He did not think
it was an insult to say that judges
should not be representatives at the
same time as the same was said of
insane persons. There were just as
good reasons why district or police
judges should be ineligible as' judges
of courts of record ; perhaps greater
reasons, because of the small cases
the police justice had to deal with,
and because they had all the re
sponsibility, of a jury, which the
judges of courts of record did not
always have. The tax assessor and
tho tax collector were by law mem
bers of the Election Board. The
collector had to give receipts for
taxes paid, and was liable to the
temptation of allowing persons, in
lieu of giving them their receipts
before the day of election, to pay
less than they should. That was
not bribery. They did not
pay a man for his vote, but
only for tho piivilego of holding his
paper, lint all tho same tho person
with whom tho tax collector dealt
understood it in that manner. Tho
Attonioy-Geiieral baid that it was a
poor i ulo thnt did not work both
ways. Well, it did woik both ways.
It was not right to appoint members
of tho LugisluttuoaH tax assebsois.
They divided botweon theniholves
Lelislativo and executive functious
of Government, which was contrary
to tho Constitution.
Minister Daro baid that from tho
earliest times of civilized govern
ment this sumo complaint had been
heard. All English-speaking peoplo
were in tho habit of charging tho
party in power with using its in
fluence aud power in carrying elec
tions. In America ho had heard of
that, when a change of rulers involv
ing a change in 200,000 ofliec-holdcis
had taken place. Thoso who wore
out charged those who were in with
nn abuso of powor to securo their
retention in office, and when the ins
became tho outs they adopted tho
tamo tactics. It had been the ouo
thing to bnso political speeches
on for centuries. England and
America had been trying since
the foundation of their Constitutions
to remedy that state of things, but
they had failed. It was much to bo
regretted that those great nations
had not had an opportunity to avail
themselves of the gigantic intellects
of tho members for Molokai and for
Moknwao, gentlemen who had dis
covered that the solution of this
problem of ages was to class judges
with thieves and insane persons.
There had never j'ct been a legisla
tive assembly that succeeded in
legislating conscience into any man,
nor could they legislate it out of a
man. If they had the misfortune
sometimes to get some man without
a conscience into office, it was a
misfortune that all men had some
time had to suffer. It was such a
misfortune as people governed by
constitution would suffer until the
day of the mlllenium, when all men
would think alike.
Minister Gibson would not tako
the time of the house five minutes,
not one minute. He presumed the
member for Makawao was not a
reader of the Scriptures, or he
would have hesitated to bring in
thoso reflections on tax collectors.
For they had the assurance that in
an assembly far more august than
this that of the twelve apostles
there was a tax collector.
Rep. Castle said the only comment
on the suggestion of His Lxcellcncj'
was that the moment he became a
member of that assembly he was no
more a tax collector. He thought
the discussion was somewhat prema
ture, because if the iaw should pass
and be signed it would hardly pre
vent the persons mentioned from
sitting in the next Legislature, be
cause it put more limitations down
than the Constitution provided for.
The only restriction that the house
could put on was to increase the
qualifications, that is, after amend
ing tho Constitution. The Attorney-General
had laid himself out a
good deal on this bill the speaker
thought the Minister was a good
illustration of his own remarks: he
was one of the "ins." He (Mr. C.)
thought the arrangement of the bill
was a little unfortunate, but at the
same time section 778 of the
Civil Code and article Gl of
the Constitution contained the
same thing, would put them all in
the same category with idiots and
criminals. His Excellency intimat
ed that efforts in other countries
from time immemorial had not suc
ceeded. The Constitution of the
United States said that no Seuator
or Representative should be appoint
ed to any office, nor should any
office-holder be a member of either
branch ofCongress. The Constitu
tion of the Minister's own State
contained the same provision. In
Great Britain there was no written
Constitution, but a constitution just
as powerful as any ever wiitten. In
Great Britain not only was no office
holder under the Government per
mitted to sit in Parliament, but it
was regarded as an offense for him
to interfere in any way in an elec
tion. He would suggest whether it
was not the intent of their own
Constitution that these gentlemen
should attend to their business aud
nothing else. Article 20 defined
three branches of Government the
legislature, executive, and judicial.
He should support the motion to lay
the bill on the table.
Rep. Kaulukou said the argu
ments of the member for Makawao
were good but would not influence
him to change his vote. The mem
ber was only acting as dry nurse for
the bill. He (Mr. K.) heard a
judge of the Supreme Court express
himself strongly that district judges
should bo disqualified for the Legis
lature. Tho bill would bo better if
it included agents for commercial
houses and lawyers, for some law
yers stood in great awe of the
judges. He spoke of landholders
who had excited so much undue in
fluence in the late elections that the
country had not got over tho effect
Reps. Kekoa and Kalua spoke
briefly in Hawaiian without interpre
tation. Rep. Richardson expressed his
admiration for, the member for Ma
kawao for bringing forward his pro
position when he knew that the
house was packed full of office
holders. This was a mutter that
should be agitated. 'Let it be
brought before the public and set
tled some way. He agreed with his
colleague from Wailuku (Castle)
that the discussion was premature,
that tho Constitution would enable
ofllce-lioldors to tako their seats in
spite of this bill if it passed, In
his constituency office-holders did
not seem to be unpopular, for the
Government candidati,who was one,
headed the poll with 500 votes.
Kop. Thuiston said the wonder
was that Mr. Cnstlo got any votes
Rep. Hayselden was in favor of
the passage of a law of this kind,
but thought it should include more
persons. He moved an amendment
to insert lawyers, teachers, and
many other classes, Ho wanted to
include everybody who might bo in
the service of the Government.
(This amendment was ruled out of
order for not being presented in
the motion to indefinitely post
pone the bill was carried.
Second reading of nn net to amend
780, Civil Code. On motion of Hep.
Cnstlo it was icad a second time by
Rop. Thurston moved it bo refer
red to tho select committco on elec
Rep. Kaunamano moved the bill
pass. Tho only chnngo it mado was
giving Kohala two representatives,
one for North and one for South
Rep. Thurston ngreed with the
statements made by tho introducer
of tho bill regarding tho claims of
Kohala to nn additional representa
tive. It was clear that there wns a
necessity for n redistribution 6f scats
in tho Legislature. About GOO
lepers hnd been sent up to Molokai
and prevented from voting. Ho
did not believe law had any Tight to
say that a man wns civilly dead be
causo ho was a leper. He was go
ing to move for a special icprcsonta
tiou of those lepers. Tho commit
tee would bring in a bill containing
a complete scheme of ledistribution,
which would bo better than having
amendments made to tho rcpiosonta
tion of tho secrul districts by piece
meal. Hep. Wight was in favor of having
two lepresentatives for Kohala, but
not having the District divided.
South Kohala was decreasing in
population from year to year, while
that of North Kohala was yeaily in
creasing. Twenty years ago there
was but one sugar plantation in
Noith Kohala, but now llieie are
six equally large. He favoicd re
ference of the bill to the committee.
Hep. Dickey was in favor of re
ference to committee, as, if Ko
hala was entitled to two members,
so was Makawao.
The motion to refer to committee
Second reading of an act to amend
sec. 47 of an act to repeal chap. 10
of the Civil Code, relating to the
granting of nianiage licences. It
increases the license fee from !5
cents to 81.
Rep. Kaai moved the bill pass.
Hep. Kaulukou asked for reasons
for raibing the fee.
Hep. Richardson said this was a
very old law, enacted when men
were paid 25 cents and women half
that amount for a day's work.
Times were changed, and with
niguer wages a man who loved a
woman enough to marry her should
not object to paying a dollar for
license to do so. Agents for taking
acknowledgments to contracts re
ceived a dollar for every signature.
Rep. Kaunamano supported tho
motion that the bill pass. The mar
riage contract was one of the most
important that- a man could enter
into. It would be better to make
the fee five dollars.
The bill pass'ed and was set for
third reading on Saturday.
Second reading of an act to re
peal an act to appoint road-super-visors-in-chief,
passed in 1884.
Rep. Brown moved this bill, to
gether with other bills relative to
road supervisor, be referred to a
select committee. lie afterward
accepted an amendment suggested
by Rep. Castle and approved by the
chair, that the bills be taken up and
Rep. Kaunamano thought this bill
should be passed now, and the
other bills, making new provision
for ioad supervision, could be taken
up in their order. The universal
sentiment appeared to be that the
road-supervisois-in-chief had proved
Rep. Wight was perfectly in
accord with the bill, and had intend
ed to introduce one to the same
effect, but was anticipated by Mr.
The motion to refer cairied, and
on motion of Rep. Thurston, the
rules were suspended and two
other bills on the same subject re
ferred to the same committee.
Second reading of an act to amend
sec. C3, Civil Code. On reading it
was found not to refer to the sec
tion in question, and was referred
to .Rep. Dickey, the introducer, for
Second reading of an act to amend
sec. 2 of chap. (iO, Civil Code. It
provides that coroner's jurors be
paid five dollars each instead of
serving without pay as heretofore.
Rep. Richaidsou moved the bill
be indefinitely postponed.
Rep. Kaunamano moved tho bill
pass, and spoke of the unpleasant
duties of coroners. Yesterday they
were piling up large amounts in tho
Appropriation Bill, and now when
they came to a'bmnll thing like this
it was proposed to economize.
Rep. Richardson regaided this as
the attempt to open a now leak.
Rep. Thuiston agreed with the
previous speaker, lie thought they
ought to keep eveiything down as
low as before, at least. If this pro
posed increase only amounted to
$500, that amount was sufficient to
build a wharf. And the money for
inquests would have to be paid,
while that for the wharf could not
be got if tho tieasury was empty.
Rep. Kcau favored tho passago of
Rep, Hrown was in favor of hide
finite postponement, lie did not
think there was a country in tho
world where coioner's jurors were
paid. Some members seemed to
regard the Appropriation Hill as a
gold mine. They should think moro
of their country than to try how
much they could get out of her. If
coroner's jurors never were paid be-
Continued on page 3',)
The Leading Millinery House
XVoueli Kid ShoeN and Slippers.
Tho above Stock will be sold at very Low figures.
.hist received, ex Lapwing, a largo consignment of
enuine Serman Cologne,
Piepared by Joliann Maria Farina,
Hollister & Co.,
1 AaSBBin; am
Is the Leading Millinery House of Honolulu !
Willi Mite. K. T. SKIDMOKE, tho San Francisco favorite, as Manager, we are
sure to suit all laslc3.
Now Goods received by every steamer. CHILDREN'S HATS made up to
order in all styles. Always on hand, a full line of
Laces, Embroideries, Velvets, Velveteens,
Plushes, Feathers, Flowers, Tips, &c, Ladies', Misses' and Children's Underwear.
Also, Ladies', Misses' and Children's Hosiery in great variety. Just
leceived, a full line of the
HJ'iM.est; JEng-lish Corsets,
in all sizes and colors, without doubt tho best assortment to be found In
All-Wool Queensland Shawls.
RflRS. J, LYONS, Proprietor.
TEMPLE OF FASHION,
Ol n.ta 03l3Tort; Stx-eot.
We arc pleased to announce the arrival of our Immense laige Invoice of
Dry Hoot Fancy Goods, Laces, Hon,
Clothing and Gent's Furnishing G-oods,
and are now olTeiing unpieccdcnted and unrivalled Bargains in all our departm'U
Letting Down the Price.
Just received, 100 pieces of very fine Victoria Lawn at $2 apiece, 10 yards: a very
large iifsortment of new Spring stjles in Lawns, 4-4 Batiste, Sateens, plain
figured and brocaded, .white Piijuo and a full line of Drets Goods-, the latest out.
Lace DBoixcle, Ladies' Tricot Oloth
in all the new shndes; 40 doz Ladies Lisle Thread Hose at 40 cents,
the best value over offered.
Just received, all the latest st j les In Boy and Children's Suits: Great Bargains,
Boys lilue Flunel Sailor built, ut $2.00 a Suit. Just received, direct liom
Ladies', Mcii's, Misses' and Children's Shoes,
Shell" Hardware, Locka, Knobs, Padlocks,
A full lino of Agate W are, IIoufo Furnlfhinc Goods, Eddjs & Jewett's Refrlcera.
tors, Water Filiois and Coolers, Ice. ChetU. White Mountain Ice Cream Freeze
now pattern; Kaiy; Lawn Mow cis, IJom Mate, Gcidcn and Canal Barrows Axe
Hoe, Pick and Folk Handles, ' a
Socket and Planters'
Cut-down Muskets, Powder, Shot and Caps,
,r, , ,., , T Fcnc" AV'ro nn1 Haplcs, Mnnlla and Sisal Rone
Tho laiett novelties in Lamp goods the very Bebt and tccond giade Kerosene Oils
Berry Bros. Furniture Varnish. For talo at lowest market rates by
The Pacific Hardware Comft, Limited,
FORT STREET, HONOLULU
P.O. BOX 315.
General Business Agent.
Ke-il Estate Agent,
'IIP.VV "J-1 At'on,i
lldoi's Steamship Agent,
U11-U1, .Duniugion itauioau Agent
Has just received the newest lino of
Ladies' Untrimrucd Hats.
Ornaments & Children's Hats,
Also, a very flno block of
Tho Leading Millinery House.
109 Fort Street.
88 Fort Street
which wo ofler at bed.iock prices.
S. COHN & CO., Proprietors.
Hoes, a Superior Artioln.
I-Ioiiolulu, XI. I.
Custom House Broker.
Manager Hawaiian Opeia House,
a ire anciLiio insurance Agent,
AfoTTrWyiir OTif .VA mflw&JtfUfa i Tii,; riia :.! mrm -Mw
v4a&tia&i&-.-. js ujLt.' tJurftfA u.'J&Jit&.i V,.
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v m& -(&
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