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Honolulu. Hawaiian Jfdrnida
Draw Exaluuiga n tlio
Bank of OtiHlbrnla, H. XT.
And thoir agents In
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. N. M. HotIiclii1il Son, Tomlnri
The Commercial Hank Co., of Sydney,
Tke Commercial Bank Uo., of Sydney,
Tho Bank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Glirlstchurcli, and Wellington,
Tho Bank of British Columbia, Vic
torla, B. 0., nnd Portland, Or.
Transact a Qoncrul Banking Business.
"' " ii-ii ! '
Pledged to neither Soot nor Putty.
Bat cBtublUfced for the benefit of all.
FRIDAY. AUGUST 13, 188G.
WHOSE CABINET IS IT ?
The genesis of the present Ha
waiian Cabinet is a matter about
which there has been considerable
debate in the community. The po
litical parentage of a Ministry is,
among intolligentcitizcns, considered
to be a legitimate subject of in
quiry. Opinion is, at tho same time,
not altogether so diverse on the sub
ject referred to, among the knowing
ones of the capital, as among
scientists respecting the creation of
the world. In neither case probably,
will it ever be possible to lay down
a theory which will be accepted by
everyone. And in neither case will it
likely prove of much public utility
whether this or that theory is fully
established. As regar.ds the mun
dane sphere, probably the most sat
isfactory conclusion that can be
reached is to accept the "good the
gods provide," and to make the
best of it. This is precisely the
course we have taken with the Cabi
net which opened its eyes on the
sunny side of the royal prerogative
on the 1st of July. "Vc have en
deavored to identify the parental
connection of the new-born offspring
of political intrigue at head quar
ters, merely from those motives of
enlightened curiosity which are
characteristic of progressive and en
terprising journalism. If the Min
isters honor their portfolios, the
Bulletin is always willing to sup
port them to the last drop of its ink
and the last ni of its type.
The position of a Minister is ad
mitted to be beset with many diffi
culties, and although the honors and
emoluments are not to be despised,
it still remains a puzzle to many
people why the position is so much
coveted and why every third adult
in the Kingdom is, in his own esti
mation, more competent to run a de-
... partment than the person in it.
There being so many competent
aspirants for office among the pub
lic men best- acquainted with the
country may hare been the reason
why one-half of the members of the
present administration were selected
from very recent arrivals. If they
never performed any public service
to merit sudden promotion from
alienship to chairs of state, they
have the negative recommendation
that for tho few days of their deniza
tion, the' had an untarnished record.
This is a valuable qualification for a
Minister entering on his duties. It
further gives the new ministers con
siderable advantage over their col
league and leader, the Minister of
the Interior. The necessity for ex
ercising a good memory and acting
consistently with previous profes
sions is obviated in the cases of the
new incumbents. They are saved
the trouble of keeping read up in
their own political biographies, these
volumes not having, as yet, readied
the proof-sheets. The Minister of
Interior is in a moro perilous posi
tion. ' On him devolves the duty of
guiding tho new campaign and also
answering for all blunders per
petrated by his staff officers in the
One of the roost difficult tasks
which His Excellcnoy has had to
-. face since tho 30th of Inst June, was
'' to prove to the satisfaction of in
quiring minds both in and out of
the house, tho constitutional legiti
macy of his new-born colleagues,
On tbo Hist of July, his excellency in
troduced them in thess terms : "Yes
terday afternoon the late Ministers
tendered their resignationi as a body
to His Majesty tho King, and 1 had
the honor to receive tho commands
of His Majesty to form a now Min
istry, and my colleagues have tho
honor to take their scats this morn
ing." Six weeks later, on the 12th
of August, Ills Excellency, defend
ing himself from some of tho Hying
arrows of the Opposition bowmen,
announced that the new Cabinet was
of His Majesty's appointment, and
that his share in the business was to
I concur in tho choice made. Tho
two explanations are almost as con
flicting as tho testimony of tho
Chinamen in the recent opium trial.
It will be extremely difficult for the
unsophisticated public to understand
i how the Minister was commanded to
form a new Cabinet, which had al
ready or thereafter been formed by
Ills Majesty, and in the composition
of which nothing was left him to
"form" except his own concurrence 1
That tho Cabinet was of His Majes
ty's final and formal appointment
can bo understood. As in England,
the appointments arc publicly pro
claimed as the act of the sovereign,
but, previous to this, the nomina
tions are presented to the sovereign
by the minister. This, according to
tho statement of Julj- 1st, seems to
have been the course taken here;
but. according to the statement of
August 12th, His Majesty complet
ed the minister's work and his own
as well. What and if His Excel
lency had declined to "concur?"
"Would the new Cabinet created by
His Majesty, have been dissolved by
the Minister? Suppose Lord Salis
bury had received the commands of
Her Majesty Queen Victoria to form
a new ministry, and six weeks after
ward announced to the House of
Commons the discovery that he had
been permitted only to "concur" in
his own and their appointment. It
would probably be the last an
nouncement ever he would make
from the Premier's place in the Par
liament of Great Britain.
The grand difficulty with His Ex
cellency the Hawaiian Minister of
Interior is that the true genesis of
the present Cabinet will not boar
discussing officially, although it is
pretty well understood by the pub
lic without any formal ministerial
explanation. Whether the Minister
meant what he said on the 1st of
July and said what he did not mean
on the 12th of August, or con
versely, the moral "is the same:
namely, that, the best footing for
ministerial explanations of public
events is the bed rock of solid truth.
With regard to the two conflicting
statements, the public do not trouble
themselves with the question which
correct, as they do not accept
ing decreaao in the country,
most of the leases were.
"Noble Judd explained that
reference was to property in
Ken. Hole nave ficurcs of
total valuations of property sinco
1881, to show tlint they had not de
creased under the present law. In
1881 it was 831, 100,000; 1882,
833,001,000; 1883, 831,201,000;
1881, 881,200,000; and 188fi, when
there wns a heavy decline in tho
price of sugar, S33,871,000.
Hop. llavsoldcu objected to
former speaker citing totals of
and porsonnl property, when tho
either. Tho impassable stumbling
block in the way of an answer to
"Whoso cabinet is it?" really is
that the Ministers arc well aware
that the public know too much
about the matter to be bamboozled
by fictitious explanations. The
public will accept silence on the
matter and be content with the
Ministry if it proves worthy of con
fidence, but will accept no official
self-contradictory disquisitions on its
genesis. Further than a justifiable
curiosity concerning the appoint
ment of these gentlemen, whether
they were selected by the ruling
King, or the commercial king, or
both, the people will accept the situ
ation with perfect satisfaction, and
are ready "to concur" with the
Minister's policy, provided it com
mends itself to their judgment as
that of able and honorable men.
But tho inquiry as to how the
heterogeneous elements of which
tho Cabinet is composed were thrown
together, stands a verj' slim chance
of being "indefinitely postponed,"
at least until there comes another
upset of the political cauldron.
THE LEG LAME
Thursday, Aug. 11th.
The committee resumed at 1 :45.
Rep. Dole replied to Minister
Dare's argument. The system ad
vocated by the. Attorney-General
might work in other countiies, but
could not be operated by native
Hawaiian assessors, especially when
these were changed so frequently
that they could not become accus
tomed to tho work.
Noble Judd opposed tho section,
instancing cases where assessors
made unjust assessments under the
present law, and holding that the
amendment would confuse matters
worse. Natives did not uncrstand
currency nor taxation. When he
was tax assessor, which ho was for
eleven years, under tho former law,
when mortgages were taxed scpai
ately from the land, there were many
cases of double taxation. Tho pre
sent law changed that and he con
sidered it worked well.
Rep. Haysolden said the state
ment of the lion. Noble that the
present law increased tho assess
ments of property was not borne
out by tho facts.
Noble Judd begged tho speaker's
pardon, but ho could produce the
Rop. Haysolden cited figures to
show that valuations in Honolulu
had increased over a million since
1882, but thero was n corresponcl-
discussion was on real estate.
Against the decline of sugar ho
placed the double output of sugar,
which proved that much moro land
must have been under cultivation,
so that the valuation of real estate
ought to show an increase rather
Rep. Paehaolc opposed the section,
on grounds similar to those given by
Rep. Aholo thought there should
be something to guide assessors in
valuing cane lands, and he had
hoped the Finance Minister would
have issued instructions to them
during the past period. He had
observed much desparity in the
valuations of contiguous lands con
taining growing cane. Perhaps it
might bo well to try this amendment
for the ensuing period.
Rep. Palohau considered the
members for Lihuo and Molokai
were supporting the Government in
tho policy of increasing taxation,
because they had proved that there
had been nil increase under the pre
sent law. The member for Hono
lulu had evidently changed places
with them and was opposing the
Government, for his proposal would
tend to reduce taxation. Therefore,
as the people were opposed to in
crease taxation, and he wanted to
please his constituents in view of
next election, he should vote for the
section as in the bill.
Rep. Keau was in favor of the
section, as under the existing law
real estate valuations had only in
The sectiou passed.
Sec. 10, amending sec. 27 to
make it read as follows, was read :
"The interest of any person as ten
ant, lessee, or occupier of any real
estate that is exempt from taxation,
shall be assessed to such person who
shall be liable to taxation in respect
of the value of such interest."
Rep. Ilayscldon moved the sec
Rep. Dole moved to strike it out
as an unnecessary change from tho
Tho section passed.
Sec. 1 1 was read, amending sec.
28 to read : "Tho full cash value of
the interest of any person in real or
personal property shall be estimated
at a sum which such interest might
reasonably be expected to bring at
a sale by public auction for cash."
Rep. Ilayseldcn moved the sec
tion pass, which carried.
Sec. 12, amending section 2!) to
read as follows, was read: "The
King in Cabinet Council shall ap
point annually, on or before the
first day of July, an assessor for
each taxation district of the King
dom, whose duty it shall be
in accordance with the provisions of
this act, to make on or before the
fifteenth day of September a faith
ful assessment of all taxes imposed
by law within their respective dis
tricts, and to furnish an accurate
list of the same according to blank
forms to be furnished by the said
Minister of Finance, which shall ex
hibit the names of all persons
assessed and the different items of
taxation charged against them. In
caso of non-residents the list shall
state their residence, if known;
otherwise such residence must be
described as 'unknown.' "
Rep. Dickey moved to insert after
the word "kingdom," the words,
"from the residents of such dis
tricts," and spoke of tho incon
venience of non-resident assessors.
Rep. Brown was against the
whole section,, but if must pass he
would support the amendment. The
section gave too much power to the
Ministry as a whole, and it was
hotter leave the appointments to the
Minister of Finance with the ap
proval of the King.
Rep. Ilayseldcn said the change
was dictated by complaints that the
Finance Minister had too much
power in the matter, and that tho
responsibility should bo bomb by
tho whole Ministry.
Rep. Brown further remarked, in
support of Rep. Dickey's amend
ment, that resident assessors were
likely to be acquainted with tho
propei ty in the district. There
was always a mysterious diminution
in tho number of dogs just before
tho visit of the assessor.
Rep. Thurston characterized this
section as another attempt to pro
mote the process of centralization.
It sought to take the responsibility
from the Minister of Financo, over
whom this Assembly had control, to
tho King in Cabinet Council, over
whom they had no control. Uo
about taking power from responsi
ble persons nnd placing it in irre
sponsible hands. Tho old law said
"tho Minister of Financo with the
approval of the King," and tho
Minister could not issue a commis
sion without His Majesty's consent.
Undor the new section the appoint
ment would doubtless bo recom
mended by the same Minister, and
no Minister would submit any ap
pointment not in harmony with the
opinion of his colleagues. The old
law held only, one Minister responsi
ble, while this held the whole four
responsible. Ho could not assent
to Rep. Thurston's view that It was
towards centralization. That gen
tleman had referred to the native
members ns having holes in their
noses, it was a most unworiny
remark, and in accord with his usual
line of speech. For a native-born
Hawaiian to say such things of Ha
waiian members, that they came
here without any mind of thoir own,
prepared to bo, led about with a
ring in their noses, was an insult and
an outrage upon them ho could not
understand coming from that quar
ter. Rep. Richardson moved to amend
by inserting in place of the words
"the King in Cabinet Council," the
the following words: "The Minister
of Finance with the approval of His
Majesty the King in Cabinet Coun
cil.". Rep. Thurston said he could not
see any difference between the re
sponsibility of one nnd four Min
isters. What was everybody's busi
ness was nobody's business. His
objection to the section had been
removed by Rep. Richardson's
Rep. Dole did not consider that
Rep. Thurston's argument was at
all out of place. A precedent had
been established in putting a Ha
waiian to till the office of Minister
of Finance. These men had been
treated in the most humiliating man
ner. One was sent out of the coun
try which was against the law, and
they all knew that these men had
been snubbed while inolllce. They
had been made laughing-stocks
before the whole nation. Hut they
had a man in office now who was
not likely to stand so much of that
sort of treatment. The passage of
this section would reduce him to a
clerk and distribute his authority
among the King and Cabinet Coun
cil. If they went to the Ministers
and asked who was responsible,
each would say another was respon
sible, and all would say it was the
King. Let them not degrade the
olllce. If a kanaka or haole was
not good enough, then put in a
Chinaman. AVith such samples of
white men for Ministers, as had
been seen for some time past, it
would bo better to put inHawaiians.
He would support a Cabinet all Ha
waiian, provided it was controlled
by the Legislature. A man should
be held responsible for the acts of
of his own office. The present Min
ister of Finance was prepared to
stand by his responsibility.
Minister Gibson complimented the
member for Lihue as a painstaking
legislator, whose legal training made.
the speaker often glad to follow his
lead. But sometimes he got into a
scolding vein and indulged in ad
captamlum statements, thinking it
would catch the ear of the Hawuiia'n
representatives. The hon. member
had drawn a picture of an insulted
Minister of Finance. He did not
know whom he referred to unless it
was tho Hawaiian gentleman who
occupied the olllce a little time ago,
and whose character was denounced
and villiDed by him and his twin
scold the lion, member for Molokai.
The member for Lihue did not bear
in mind that in his remarks upon
this very bill he referred in contemp
tuous terms to the ignorance
and want of intelligence of Hawai
ian Assessors. Then Hawaiian mem
bers were represented as having no
minds of their own ; as being like
sheep, one jumping after the other
supposed this section was bound to
pass, as he was told that some mem
bers had wires in their noses, by
which they were pulled any desired
way by tho supreme power. This
was another step in tho steady ad
vance toward centralization, which
had been witnessed during the past
Minister Gibson could not sec
much difference between this sec
tion and tho old law. He could
not understand the strong invective
of the hon. member for Molokai,
as having rings in their noses, and
being otherwise unfit to discharge
their duties. All this the hon. mem
ber smoothed over by a compliment
to the national pride of the native
Hawaiians. He would not accord a
monopoly of this sentiment to the
hon. member. He had always sym
pathized with this view and had
formed his views soon after he came
to this country upon the policy of a
former Minister of Foreign Affairs,
Mr. Wyllie. That gentleman, as
well as Mr. Ricard held that tho
Cabinet offices should only be held
by foreigners, until they fully pre
pared the way for Hawaiians.
Rep. Thurston remarked that thio
was being done by tnking two Minis
ters from California this year.
Minister Gibson was pleased to
say that now soveral important pub
lic offices were filled by Hawaiians,
and ho hoped to see them occupying 1
not only scat3 in the Incentive, but
also on the Bench of the Supreme
Rep. Dickey said that ho would
answer the remarks of His Excel
lency, by an interrogation: Why, if
you have such love for tho native
Hawaiians. did you, having been
called upon by His Majesty to form
two cabinets, in forming the first
one import a lawyer from California
as Attorney-General, and In the
Becond not only did you import an
other California lawyer to fill that
position, but selected n Minister of
Foreign Affairs a white man who
had not been two years in tho coun
try, when you could have filled all
thoso places with competent native
Minister Gibson begged to say
that, although nominally callod to
form a Cabinet, Ills Majesty tho
King had selected the members of
tho Cabinet, and not Mr. Gibson.
They weio tho choice of HisMajesty,
and Mr. Gibson heartily concurred
in His Majesty's choice.
Rep. Thurston asked If tho Minis
ter meant His Majesty Kalakaua or
His Majesty Sprockets.
Minister Gibson said that such a
scandalous lcninrk was an insult,
and unworthy of the Assembly.
Mr. Spreckcls was an honorable and
worthy gentleman, aud he (the
speaker) could say most positively
that that gentleman did not have
one word to say in tho selection of
His Majesty's Ministers.1
The Chairman said the house hod
wandered awny from the tax btlh
Minister Dare said he made It n
rule in his life that if missiles were
thrown he would get out of range.
But when they were thrown intcn
lionnlly.at him he'gavo them back.
In the Ihst place, he wns aware he
was not going to talk upon the sub
ject before the Chair, but he asked
as a right to reply to the attacks
upon him as a personal privilege.
Rop. Brown rose to a point of
order. The question before the
house was section 12. He objected
to the personalities that had been
indulged in on both sides. It was
not right. The committee was here
to attend to business.
Minister Dare said he agreed with
tho gentleman, but why did he not
raise this objection when his friends
of the Opposition were making per
sonal attacks? It was singular that
the objection was reserved for the
time when a reply was to be made
to these attacks.
Rep. Brown denied that he was
allied with any party. He was sent
there by his constituents, to serve
them nnd the country as best he
could, and acted in the house ac
cording to his own judgment.
Minister Dare acknowledged that
Mr. Brown was mostly independent,
but be claimed the right of reply as
a matter of personal privilege. He
was in the Hawaiian Kingdom on the
invitation of His Hawaiian Majesty
the King. Could the member for
Lihue say as much.
Rep. Dole I am here by right of
birth. Mr. Spreckels put you here.
Minister Dare said the hon. mem
ber was there . by the accident of
birth. Ho was not a consenting
party and had no voice in the matter.
Mr. Dole and Mr. Thurston were
the children of missionaries who
came to this country to be part of
it, and ho (tho speaker) and his
parents had contributed the ten
cents towards the fund raised by
contributions to support them.
Their parents had come to Hawaii
to do good and become part of the
people, but these gentlemen were
not satisfied in being a part, they
wanted to own the country. That
was what was wrong with the Oppo
sition now, as it had been in the
past they were not willing to parti
cipate in the management of affairs,
but they must have absolute control
aud because they could not get it
they abused every man who stood
in their way. Any foreigner who
was here and who was not in sym
pathy with the native Hawaiians
should go hence. For his part, if
he held views similar to thoso enter
tained by Messrs. Dole and Thurs
ton regarding the natives of this
country, he would get up and leave
Rep. Dole rose to a point of order.
He would like to have the views of
the Attorny-Gcneral, but some other
time would do. lie could not con
nect his remarks with section 12.
Minister Dare said he had de
parted from the subject in the same
way as the hon. member had done.
Allusion had been made to Colonel
Spreckels in a most unwarrantable
manner. He had known that gen
tleman intimately for many years,
perhaps better than any .man in the
kingdom, and if His Majesty the
King had subjects as loyal and de
voted to the best interests of the
New Goods Just Received
Bazar, 88 For! Stret
By tbo stcnraMiip Zcalandla I have rcrolved n few of llio NEWEST
CHOICEST STYLES of LADIES' HATS, anion p wlilijb
will be found tint Stilish
3MC.AJRY ANDERSON 3EB1-A.T,
Now nil the rage, with many other favorite styles of BONNETS; also Flno
Lnccs, Flowers, Pon-Poni, Feathers and Tips, in greit varli'ty. A. new lino
of Veilings, etc. I have also on hnud an ussortinont of tho
Finest Ladies9 Corsets, '
Ladles', Misses' and Children's Fancy nnd Plain Hosiery, fine Linen Handker
chiefs, Underwear of nil kinds, with various other gooiU suitable for ladies'
wear. I would nlrt inform the Ladles of Honolulu nnd vicinity '.bat I nm
now fully prepared to do all kinds of DUESS3I VK1NG in tbo bctt
manner and most fashionable styles, at, Bio lowest posBlblo rates,
AND ASK FOH A TRIAL.
MRS. J. LYONS, Proprietor.
E. T. 8KIDJIOHE, of San Francisco, Manager nf tbo
lust leccived, ex Lapwing, a large consignment of
Prepared by Johann Marin Farina.
toiler lei JullcWlatz Colo
Hollister & Co., 109 Fort Street, y
P.O. BOX 31 5.
Honolulu, I-I. I.
Rent Estate Agent, Custom House Broker,
Employment Agent, Money Broker,
Wilder's Steamship Agent, Manuger Hawaiian Opera House,
Great Burlington Railroad Agent Fire and Life Jnsuraneu Agent.
in Amerioa. HU2 lvi
79 & 81 Kit Stat
Oil loin Premises,
JSntrauceH ii-om Klnfj nnd Mci-elmiit Sw.
Every description of work in the nbove lines performed in a flrst-elnss manner.
Also, Horse Shoeing a Specialty.
B2T Bell Telephone, 1C7. -8
EST Bell Telephone, 1C7. -a
King Street, between Fort and Alakea Streets,
HAS RECEIVED, PER AUSTRALIA,
Smoked Salmon, Smoked Halibut, Hams, Bacon, Block Codfish, Kits nnd tins Sal.
inon I'ollies, kegs Butler, Cala Cheese, kegs Pickles, kegs PigPnik, Table Rai
sins, Figs, Almonds, Walnuts, Ppieid Bc(f, Boned ( hicken, Lumh Tonguet, Chip
ped Ueef, ciit-es Oysters, Saldino", Sea Foam Crackers. Flout, Bran, Wheat, Oats,
White '"ubtile Soap, Gtanulatcd Sugar, Cube Sugar, Powdered Sugar, Germea,
Breakfast Germ, Choice Teas, French Peas, etc. Also,
" Good Night " and Palace Brands Kerosene Oil.
JST P. O. Bos fi72;
All at Lowes't
market rates and Satisfaction Guaranteed.
Telephone 1 IS.
country, anil as sincere and earnest
in their desire for its happiness and
well hems, he should bless God for
such supporters. He had never
heard Colonel Spreckels speak' of
this country in any other terms than
an earnest desire for its advancement
and tho entire benefit of the Ha
waiian race. For himself ho (the
speaker) came here, having arrived
at the years of discretion. There
was no act of his either hero or
elsewhere that was not explainable
upon reason and judgment. He
came hero of his own accord, with
full knowledge of what ho was doing
aud the responsibilities ho was un
dertaking, and he was personally
responsible for every act of his life,
either in this Assembly or out of it.
lie had nothing to conceal, and he
was as proud of every act of his
life as any man who breathes the
pure air of heaven. The speaker
then referred to the section of tho
hill under discussion, and argued
that Its principal was that of a dis
tribution of power instead of cen
tralization, as tho member for Molo
kai had contented.
Rep. Dickey's amendment was
Rep. Richardson's amendment"
carried, and the section passed as
Sec. l.'l was read amending sec. 30
as follows: ' 'Each assessor on hi3
appointment to office and before
entering upon his duties, shall exe
cute, and deliver to be filed, a bond
to the Minister of Financo in such
penal sum not less than $2,000 as
as may be fixed by said Minister of
Finance, with two or moro sufficient
Continued on page 3),
JON ITT, 1. 8 KMm Street.
Granite, Iron and Tin Ware !
Chandeliers, Lamyjs and Lanterns,
WATER PIPE and RUBBER HOSE,
House Keeping Goods,
TIN, COPPER AND
Burnt Out, hut Not Dead !
Ryan's Boat-Bull Slf
Is now adjoining tho rear of
O L.USO HAWAIIANO.
ALL perbona who wunt to oominunl.
cato with tho Poitueueso, either
for business!, or for procuring workmen,
servants or any other helps, will find It
the most prolllnhlo wuy to advertise In
tho Luso Hawaiiano, tho now organ of
tho l'ortuirucio colony, which U pub.
lUhed on Merchant strict, Gazette Build
in p, (Post-Oillco Letter Box K.), and
only charges reaBonablo rates for udver.
A LARGE & ELEGANT
Stock of Goods
Recolved ex Zealaudia,
70 1 Queen & Frt Street Stores, tf
The White House,
No. life Nuunnu Blrout,
Honolulu, If. 1.
Private 1'atnlly Hotel; Terms Reason,
able; First.chibs Accommodations.
MRS. J.VIERRA, Proprietress.
Ar ' .. 7S?.