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BISHOP & Co., BANKEKS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Dr.iw Nxchange on tho
Baulc oi Cnlil'orulii, Srf. JP.
And their agents In
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONQ KONQ.
Messrs. N. SI. Rothschild & Son,'London
The Commercial Bank Co., of Sydney,
Tho Commercial' Hank Uo.of Sydney,
Tho Hank of Now Zealand: Auckland,
The Bank of British Colunibln, Vic
toria, B. 0., and Portland, Or.
Transact a General Hank1iig,Uuslncs3.
Fledged to neither Beet hoc Party,
Bat established for the benefit of all,
TUESDAY. OCT. 20. 1880.
Not long ago we gave expression
to the opinion that the filling up of
a portion of the bay and thereby in
creasing the area of dry land was a
foolish proceeding. The more we
reflect and estimate, the stronger
grows the conviction that the opi
nion was sound. There are ports
and harbors in the woild where wa
ter accommodation is more abun
dant than land conveniences. In
all such cases leclamation is neces
sary. The port of Honolulu is
different. Land is proportionately
more abundant here than harbor.
Instead of filling up that portion of
the bay that is now referred to as a
valuable piece of government dry
land, it should, in our opinion, have
been deepened, and made capable
of lloating large vessels. Our har
bor is none too big and our possi
bilities of wharf extension none too
great. Indeed, we predict that the
time is comparatively near when the
entire harbor, from the lighthouse
landward, will be needed for the
shipping seeking accommodation.
It is not the development of inter
nal resources that will mainly bring
about this result, but our convenient
location as a port of call for vessels
engaged in the rapidly expanding
commerce of this great ocean. One
of the important undertakings tend
ing to increased trade in this direc
tion has just been completed the
Canadian trans-continental railway
and the Panama canal will follow
in due time. This last enterprise
will, probably more than all others
combined, tend to elevate the im
portance of the port of Honolulu.
To prepare for the future and be in
readiness for tho demand likely to
be made on this poit, neither time
should be lost nor money spared in
deepening and enlarging the harbor,
and extending the wharves. Even
the requirements of our own steam
ers and sailing vessels demand more
and better accommodation, and as
internal development gradually pro
ceeds the dcmand'will grow. Dredg
ing to tho Ewa side of the fish mar
ket, and the construction of wharves
along the extension of Queen street,
to King street bridge, we should
consider a wise and proper proceed
ing. No doubt, the land skirting
the opposite side of the bay, from
the prison, to the point at the en
trance of the harbor, will all be
needed for wharves in course of
time, and judicious foresight dic
tates the importance of the govern
ment securing it for that purpose.
There arc about 1300 aci cs, the proper
ty of two pi ivate gentlemen, tho whole
of which could probably be pur
chased at a moderate figure, at the
present lime; but should it pass
into other hands a possible contin
gency the government may dis
cover that neglect to "take time by
the forelock" was a berious omis
sion or a grave blunder.
' The Hawaiian Government has of late
been affecting a great deal of .fatherly
interest in Samoa. The hoisting of
the United States ilag at Apia has
been made a subjeci of investigation
by the United States, the British
and the German governments. The
reason why the Hawaiian Govern
ment failed to hold a similar inquiry,
may bo found in the fact that 'the
Royal Hawaiian Navy was not avail
able at the time, the Polo and Eleu
being engaged in Harbor duties at
Honolulu, and the Board of Gene
alogy whose services might have
been utilized to settle for onco and
forever the original and ancient
identity of the Samoan with the
Hawaiian Chiefs, had not been pro
vided for by the Legislature. Had
tho Hawaiian Government been for
ward with an independent investiga
tion into Samoan affairs, our Minis
terof Foreign Affairs would certainly
bo heard from in tho conclave of
nations proposed to be held at "NVash-
ington, between the United BtalCD,
Grcnt, Britain and flcrmany for tho
settlement of Satnoan affairs. It is
to be feared, however, that the
golden opportunity has been lost.
The thrco great powers named will
solve the Samoan problem, with the
Hawaiian Government standing by
as a deeply interested but inactive
spectator. In spile of these adveisc
circumstances, tho situation need
not be considered hopeless. Hawaii
is to have a government steam ves
sel, well manned and profusely
decorated with the emblems in royalty
in which a duly accredited represen
tative will be carried to Samoa, with
all the dignity belitting his high
character and the importance of his
mission. The United States, British
and German representatives at Apia,
if not sulllciently impressed before
hand with the value to the Samoans
of Hawaiian tutorship, will be dis
abused of their narrow-minded ideas
when they see the Diplomatic and
Consular Corps of the Kingdom of
tho Hawaiian Islands, including
Ocean Island, land on Samoa from
"our own vessel." The importance
of the event can scarcely be over
estimated. In fact there aic few
persons in this Kingdom of sordid
money-makers who can fully appre
ciate the situation. That our Minis
ter of Foieign Affairs appreciates
it is evident fi om his bpeech in the
Legislative Assembly, when propos
ing the appropriation of S100,()00for
a government steam vessel. His
Excellency showed then how import
ant it would be to the prestige of
this Kingdom, to be able to send a
commissioner to Samoa, in "our own
EXPOSITOR HAS HIS SAY.
Editok Bru.ivnx: One or two
letters having appeared in your
columns on subjects of national
interest, I beg to submit u few lines
on the same subject, trusting you
will make room for it. I must here
state that letters from moles on
topics of interest to Ilawaiians arc
quickly picked up and devoured by
the Ilawaiians themselves, provided
they can get copies of the papers
containing them. Sept. 28th is the
day I allude to. It contained a
letter from Prof. F. M. Damon on
opium. Opium has direful conse
quencies in it to the native Ilawa
iians, and they read all they can
get hold of on the subject. If
plain and easily, understood," the
opinions thereon aro treasured. The
opinions of Ilawaiians who are not
legislators and those who are, are
slightly different. The laborer is
a more independent man than his
representative. He is untrammel
led, and speaks out his convictions
openly. lie gives you practical in
sights into daily Hawaiian life,
which the representative dare not.
In fact, his argument carries de
cidedly more weight with it, than
that of his honorable and learned
friend, who passes or rejects some
sound and health)' measures. Your
correspondent writing over the sig
neture of "Honest Government,"'
has drawn very natural conclusions,
and set them forth in very pain
terms. I shall revert to the subject,
and probably write more fully in
reference to what your correspon
dent has said. Yours &c,
THE KIMBERLEY COLDFIELDS.
The Sydney jorninj Herald
has received a telegram from Mr. T.
J. K. Colin, dated Coppec's Gully,
Kimbeiley goldlields, August 12,
which states that the diggings are a
complete lailurc, onp pennyweight
per day being considered a good
find, and hundreds not making that.
Numbers are leaving daily. There
are about 800 on the field, who are
buffering great hardship and misery
now, and starvation must ensue.
Some of tho linest class of men and
the completest oullits ever seen on
an Australian goldlield arc on the
giound, no expense having been
spared at Derby. The Derby store
keeper clerred'out, otherwise his life
would have paid the penalty of his
The schooner Myrtle has arrived
at Freemantlo from Cambridge Gulf
with -10 returned, diggers, en route
to the other colonics.
The Otway has arrived at Cossack-,
from Derby, with the follow
Tho Perth Iiujuirer''s special
correspondent reports that on tho
road, 11 miles from Derby, the
track is very heavy indeed, and he
advises that diggers' drays should
have at least fojir horses for( every
ton.. Feed is bad, but wa'ter is
plentiful at stages averaging eight
miles. The reports from tho gold
Holds aro very bad. Hundreds of
diggers aro returning from tiffin,
who bay that the lields are a fraud.
Ono hundred and twenty-five miles
from Derby the road is still heavy
for the most part. "Up to dato,"
he says, "I have passed about !10
dead horses, which, in my opinion,
died through overdriving. Lots of
diggers aro leaving the fields." Mr.
Edgar reports that as many aro
arriving there as aro leaving. Very
few are getting gold. A supply of
cattlo has arrived, and meat is sell
ing at Is. per lb., Hour being tho
same Locke Bros, and Co., on tho
Margaret River, have opened astore
and shoeing forge, and nre sending
teams back to Derby for mdro stores.
1 would still strongly advise packing
for the through journey. There is
very little sickness on the diggings
The following telegram from the
Government resident at Derby, Mr.
T. II. Lovcgrove, to the Governor,
was published in the J)aily iVcws
to-day: "Since mv last to your
Excellency from l'Jlb. to Mil), of
gold has' reached Derby fiom the
Holds. Bullock teams continue to
arrive, load up, and return. The
condition of the animals speaks well
lor the feed and water on the load.
Several men are leaving disappoint
ed, with their venture. These are,
however, mostly men without the
means to wait for the rainy season.
It is a pity they did not lake notice
of the repealed warnings in the West
Australian pi ess that these diggings
were not suited for men unless
thoroughly equipped, and with the
means to await the proper season.
I am credibly Informed that gold is
being got on nearly all the old gul
lies. Fresh gullies can "only be pro
snectod when there is water for
working the eaith. No doubt dur
ing the next season care will be taken
to erect dams and conserve tho
water. Mr. Malet has returned,
having made a careful examination
of the bed of the Filzroy. His re
port is most encouraging as to the
river being made available as a high
way to the digging as far as the east
end of Forrest Island. Thence, he
is of opinion, an clllcient transport
can be maintained on to the fields.
I have forwarded his report with a
sketch map and a minute thereon by
Mr. Morris, the resident engineer."
The following report has been re
ceived by the Otway fiom the
Government resident at Wyndhain,
Jlr. Fred Hare: "Some diggers
are doing fairly well, but the majority
are only earning sulllcicnt to keep
them going until the wet season sets
in. There is no difllculty now in
taking drays by O'Donnell's track.
The men from Derby prefer this
road. Bullock teams with a live-ton
load have succeeded in getting
there. The moil take up M days in
travelling to the Holds, while they
take, four weeks by the Derby road.
Nice specimens of gold and silver in
ironstone were, brought in last week.
I examined them, and could see gold
plainly in the stone. Several small
parcels of gold also have lately been
brought in, ranging from lOpz to
ifioz. The news from the fields is a
shade more encouraging. Eight
vessels are in the harbour at present,
including the S. S. Tannadicc and
the Hero. AVe expect another
steamer this week. Mr. Smith, the
sugar-plauter, intends, I believe, to
take up his concession on the Ord
River. He speaks well of tho coun
try." Australasian, Oct. 2.
IMMENSE FIRE IN SYDNEY.
Sydney, Thursday, Sept. JiOtli.
One of the largest liros ever seen
in Spdney, and which afforded the
finest spectacle w itnessed since the
Garden Palace fire, occurred to
night, when Alexander Cameron and
Company's large tobacco factory, at
the corner of Pitt aud Liverpool
streets, was totally destroyed. The
building was a lofty four-story
structure, with a domo shape roof,
and it was a very prominent feature
in the southern.part of the city. It
was formerly used as a sugar re
finery. The (ire was discovered
shortly before 10 o'clock by a
watchman, who found the planking
right in the centre of the building
opposite the main entrance on fire.
Prompt efforts were at once made
by the watchman and others to ex
tinguish J.ho fire, but it was a hope
less case. The lire spread with
great rapidity, and got complete
hold of the vast pile before the reels
could arrive. In a surprisingly short
space of times the ilanies burst from
every window, and the glare, which
lit up the whole of the southern por
tion of the city, attracted thousands
of people. The heat from the lire
was most intense, and'icndercd it
impossible for the Hromeu to ap
proach the main building. Their
effortB wore directed solely to sav
ing the adjoining premises. About
three-quarters of an hour after the
outbreak the roof fell in, aud the
llames, freed from .confinement,
burst up to an enormous height, and
afforded a magnificent spectacle.
Shortly afterward a portion of the
wall lronting Liverpool street fell
outwaids on to the foot-way, bring
ing down the telegraph wires with
it. The firemen succeeded in con
fining the fire to the factory, with
tho exception that a small tenement
at tho back was destroyed. The
cntiro contents of tho factory were
utterly destroyed, and the loss is
estimated at '100,000 ; but even
supposing this to be an excessive
estimate, the damage done will not
bo nearly covered by insurance,
which only aggregates !5!),;i50. A
large stock of boiuled tobacco, i&c,
for manufacturing purposes was re
cently stored in the building,
Ono of the most serious results of
the fire is that it will throw about
300 persons out of employment.
Forty-four organizations of trades
unions and Knights of Labor, re
presenting a membership of over
(50,000, met in Fanniel Hall, Boston,
for tho purposo of taking mea
sures for securing the right men
to carry out their views, in the
Short crops arc reported from the
tobacco growing districts of North
Carolina and Virginia.
The Mayor of Los Angclos tele
graphed 2,000 to the Mayor of
Charleston, for the relief of the
sufferers by the earthquake.
Land Commissioner Sparks gave
a decision, at Washington, on a
contested land title in the vicinity
of New Orleans, in which the ques
tion of tho validity of u French
grant made in the middle of last
centurv was laiscd. The Commis
sioner decided that the French
grant was good and needed no con
firmation, as it was protected by the
treaty of 1803. The land is woith
several millions of dollars.
Secretary Whitney, of the U. S.
Navy Department, has declined his
interference for the reinstatement of
discharged employees in the Wash
ington Navy Yard. His answer to
the appeals of tho Knights of Labor
and other organizations seeking his
interference was that tho responsi
bility for removals and appoint
ments rested with the officers of the
The land entries in Wvoming
Territory, last year, numbered '!,
f)12, as against 2,923 in 1881.
The orange corps of Louisiana
are reported to be a complete
failure, while in Northern Cali
fornia, the 'Sacramento line says
the trees are heavily laden and
there is no prospect that they will
A London despatch to the New
York Star of the 2nd says that
Berlin advices were to the effect
that Emperor William's illness was
of a more serious character than the
court journals cared to make known.
The Emperor was said tc be con
stautly falling into a trnnce-liko
sleep, and that every attack was
expected to be the last.
General Villacampa and other
officers implicated in the recent re
bellion in Spain, have been sen
tenced to imprisonment for life in a
military prison in Africa.
Gold placer deposits are an
nounced to havo been found near
the be undary line between Alaska
aud British Columbia.
Earl's Court is the name of the
site selected for the American Ex
position in London.
Mr. and Mrs. Gladstone, at
Hawarden, on the dth jnst., re
ceived a deputation, consisting of
the wife of the Lord Mayor of
Dublin and other Irish ladies, ap
pointed by the women of Ireland to
present the ex-Premier with a mam
moth petition in favor of Ili-me
Rule. The petition bears the signa
tures of 500,000 Irish women. Ac
companying the deputation of Irish
ladies wore deputations represent
ing the municipal councils of Cork,
Limerick, Waterford and Clonmel.
The Mayor of Cork, the Mayor of
Limerick, the Mayor of Waterford
and the Mayor of Clonmel presented
Mr. Gladstone with tho freedom of
those oltics and thanked him for his
chivalrous and splendid efforts to
restore Ireland's Parliament, ex
pressing the hope that he would
soon visit Ireland to receive from
the Irish people at their homes the
thanks" they all felt toward him.
When Gladstone replied 'his voice
was somewhat husky. He said he
believed that the deputations and
the Nationalist members of the
House of Commons truly repre
sented the Irish as a people. "At
my age, however," Gladstone said
in reference to the question that he
visit Ireland, "the question to visit
ing Ireland is beset with uncertain
ties. Whatever may be ray condi
tion, whether of bodily prosenco or
absence from among thorn, the Irish
people will always largely share my
instcrest and my alfection."
A MissisBisppi .steamer, bound
from Grand Tower, 111., to Capo
Girardeau, Mo., blew up, killing
some twenty of the passengers ami
President Cleveland is reported to
be highly indignant at the frequent
disregard of the Civil Service order
of last July, prohibiting Federal
ofllcers from taking any active part
in politics; aud it is said that he
proposes to have somo heads by way
of making examples for the warning
of other fire-eating political olllce
Itjs stated as certain that Secre
tary Manning is going back to the
Slight earthquake shocks were re
ported in tho vicinity of Ninety-Six,
a placo about 200 miles from Char
leston, on the 5th of this month,
Thero seems to be a decided boom
in Blaine stock in somo parts of the
A S. F. Chronicle correspondent
nt Paris, reported details of an
alleged Anarchist plot to destroy
the city of Vienna and assassinate
the Emperor Francis Joseph. Tho
police had got upon the track of
the popspiratprs, and a number of
foreigners and Austrians were ar
rested, but tip ringleaders escaped
A Vienna despntch of tho 8th
Btatos it was announced in tho Lower
House of tho Austrian Parliament
that any supposition of thero
being strained relations between
Austria and Germany were com
Lord Randolph Churchill had
reached Berlin on the 8th.
Peru had a new Cabinet on the
8th, and San Diego, a shock of
earthquake on the same day.
THE FUTURE OF GERMANY.
Great uneasiness is felt In Europe
over the waning health of tho good
old Emperor, William of Germany.
In the course of nature, ho cannot
remain much longer nt the head of
his people. The question which
strongly presents itself is. What will
be the effect of his death upon the
immediate future of Empire, at home
and abroad? Bisniaik, it is said,
regards it as tho peculiar task of his
own declining years to assure the
domestic peace of Germany so long
as the Emperor lives. At present
indications he will soon be released
from this sacred duty ; but will he
retire before the greater problems
that are apparently only awaiting
that moment to demand solution?
The German Government gives only
the partial form of constitutional
liberty without the substance. The
people are sorely pressed by heavy
taxation and the tyrannous obliga
tion of military service. Parlia
mentary representation is a farce,
because the executive retains both
the right of initiation of all legis
lative measures niul the absolute and
final veto. "Our Fritz," the Crown
1'ri ncc, has been reported to lean more'
kindly toward constitutional govern
ment than his father over did, and
henco to be in less cordial sympathy
with Bismarck. lie has not babbled
his views, however, to the political
gossips. Until the tragedy occurs
which will scat hhn on one of the
proudest of Imperial thrones they
must content themselves, therefore,
with the merest speculation as to
what his general course will be when
the supremo power rests in his
hands. S. F. Chronicle.
A MONTH I. V DIVIDEND QV ONE
Dvllur pur Sin e will lie p lynhle
on the Capital Slock of the IVopU's Ice
& Ktf. Co., tin WEDNESDAY, October
27lli,. ul tho Compjiiys olllce. Stock,
linlduis will oblige by tailing for their
dividend on the above date.
07 !U W. E FQSTElt, Tr.-im.
AN AD.IOUUN1D MEET1VG OF
tlw Stockholder of the Ho'iokan
Sujjar Company will lie held on FlilOA Y
urxt, the L'Dlli hint., at 10 n. in., at the
olllce of F. A. ijclinoler & Co. l'er
older. II. KENJES, Sec' .
Honolulu, October !!, 18-0. 07 3l
AN ADJOURNED ME TING OF
the Stockholder-, of the P.iciiic Su
gar IM ill will be held at 2 p. m., at ihe
ofllt e nf F. A. Bclmofer & Co , on
FRIDAY next, the 9 h inst. Per
oidui. II. KEN ES, See'y.
Honolulu, Oct. i0, 1880. 07 St
IT hulng come to my knowledge that
Mr. Jus. Brodic has been (hiding
fault with my work in certain quuitcrs,
I hereby isme the following challenge;
1 will compete with Mr. .Ins. Krodie
in the sum ot from $100 to s?u00(do'lus)
in nil departments connected with the
horse, fiom m iking the shorn, to trenting
Ihe hruse for any disease, external or in.
tcrnnl, HUgicnl npciniionb included
(Signed) KICH Mil) OAYFORD.
Lulu Eariiei to the Prince of Wales'
ISth Koy.il Regiment of Lancers. 07 It
"-piIE UNDERSIGNED ON BEHALF
jl ot mo lnii'MMUiui S. earn .Naviga
tion Company big in sincerely thank
the Olllceis anil Fireman of the File De
partment, and also all those who ren
rlered their bervicea at the late Hie on the
Steamer " V. G. Hidl."
W. H. GODFREY,
Vice.Pics I. I.S.N. Co.
00 iw Secietury I. I. S. N. Co.
DURING my absence from the King
dom. ! AwiiKi) JIoook will act
lor me under full power of nttoruev,
and is nlonu nuthoilzed to collect nil
nionl s rluo to me. L. B. KEKK.
Honolulu, Ort. 2!1. 188(1. Oil Iw
SEE WO will this ovenini: rejopen a
portion of Ihe Astor House as a
(Joft'uc Saloon, with Mit. Manden
as manager, , " (15 lw
1) VAN'S BOAT
Hi nr cf Lucm' Mill.
NE AT No.
A SUl'KKIOR FAMILY
Cow. J''or particulnr.s eii.
quire ni lids Ollico. 05tf
COTTAGE TO LET,
17UHNI8HEI) OH UNFURNISHED.
? ACottKgt on Luiinlllo mid 1'iiUol
Htmtb, furnished complete for llnube.
keeping, Uho of horse and enrriago;
largo gulden. Apply to
OHAS, .1. PIBI1EL,
IS tf Cor. Port & Hotel la
TWO COTTAGES, CO li
ner Nuiiniiu mid School ts.
Alto o'iu CottiiL'ii In Adam's
Apply to 11. WATER HOUSE,
Store for Rent, and Fix
tures for Sale.
''PIIAT desirable Stoio nnw occupied
X by tho LADIES' DAZAAlt, Wt Port
street, aud nil tho Fixture, Ghibt. ('ate?,
&c,,.for snlo. For further particulars,
enquire on the Premises 410
Druggists & Tobacconists,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL,
109 Fo-t Street, William's Block, Hono.
210 Honolulu, II. I,
WfrrVTCTrf r wryjrjj
The First and Only
Will be issued on
The DAILY BULLETIN OFFICE
OVER 700 PAGES !
, Oripal, cinjlitii, Correct anil Impartial
Election of Officers.
AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OP
the Heeia AgricuHuial Co., Lim
ited, held October u, 1880, the following
cillcer- were elected to net for the ensu
W. F. ALLEN
The above mentioned ofllcers compose
the Heard of Directors
Secretary Heeia Agricultural Co., L'd.
S. M, CARTER,
Has on hand for tale, In quantities
Departure Bay Coal, Newcastle Coal,
Hard and Soft Woo, Sawed and Split.
Bran, O us,
II m ley, Corn,
Ordera are hen by solicited and will
he delivered nt nnj Jut nitty within ihe
No. KI.NO hTBEET.
Both Telephones, 187. U
TO THE PUBLIC.
Til Pacific Transfer Co.
Oilleo with C. K. Miller,
12 Mcichmit Street,
Bell Tel., 377, Mutual Tel., 391.
I nm fully prepared to do all kinds of
drnyage, hauling or moving work, nil of
which I will guarantee to execute faith
fully. G2 ly" S. F. GRAHAM. Prop'r.
Having now passed into the hands
of lesponslble parlies is prepared at
short notice to da all Washing in a Su
perior Manner, A considerable
It DE X XT O rJD I O IV
has ucen mndo from tho scale
former rates1, niuT
Satisfaction is Guaranteed to All
wllL favor the Establishment
with a trial. M
MR. MAX ECKART 1ms removed
ills Jewelry Manufactory to Fort
Street, Just above the Shooting Gallery,
where ho will carry on his regular busi
ness. 48 lm
The Eagle House,
9w ' :f&53s.
Koomstolrt, wiih or without Board.
TERMB KEASONABLE. The house
is now ready lor ocoup ition.
MRS. .1. T. WHITE,
Honolulu, Oct. 21, 1880. 03 2w
I It A. Y M JT. is .
LL orders for Cartage promptly at
XX. tended .to. Particular attention
paid to the
Storing & Shipping
of goods in trunbit to the other Islands.
Also, Black and White Sand
lu quantities to suit nt lowest prices.
Ollico, adjoining E. P. Adams & Co.'a
082 ly Mutual T lephono No. 10.
I HEREBY give notice that from
and after this date, I will not
be responsible for any debts con
tracted .without the written order of
myself or wife.
Honolulu, Sept. 10, 188G. 28 Sin
Now Photograph Kooms.
OVER Nichol's tore, Fort slrret,
next ihe Shooting Gallery, Pie.
turcs, I'oitrailh and Views. Fhst-olass
woik. Sutlsfuelloii guumnleed.
20 ly ' .1. A. GONSALVES.
H. Hackfeld & Co.
Have just received a few moro
Wolfe & Company,
Grocery and Feed Store,
07 ami C9 Hotel street,
Fresh Groceries and Provisions received
by every Steamor.
P. O. liox 1110, Hell Telephone No.
310 .Mutual Telephone No. 104.
. i lw .U&- 'jw'v 5
4A. A . mi