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manor ooi. BAjrraitg
llenMuhi, Hftmlltt tfUwtt
Draw tiieliMiM m n.f
Iluulc ol Oullltii'iil, H. If
Ami Ihfir mnt In
NfcW YOMK, I10KT0N, HON XUNO.
Mem. N. M. HoUmlilM fi Mi, IjOittJoB
Tlin Uninmarotiil Hunk Co., of fcjttnoy,
The OfliiimorctfllUlniik C.:f SydMy,
Tlio linttU of Hew Zmlfttiit- Aurktitrtl.
(Jhttslohuroh, ml,NVoHii.ftun, . ,
Tho Hunk or Hrltlih OoltuitUln, 'Vic
lotlu, H. C, mill Portland, Or.
Trammel a Ucucrnl l(!inkltiRlliiltiBei.
Fledged to neither Bett nor Vttly.
But eitftbllebed tat tbt bent-fit of U.
KltlDAY. OCT. '-'0. 1880.
RECISTRAR OF GONVEYANOES.
No olllcial anuouncotnent has yet
been inailo of the appointment of
Hon. J. Knac to the olllcc of Regis
trar of Conveyances, reiulcicd va
cant by the death of the lute lament
ed Thomas Brown, although thcto is
good reason for believing the vacancy
has been lillcd as rumored. AVc arc
sorry for it. That is, sorry that the
honorable and responsible olllccs of
Government should be occupied by
unsuitable and unqualified men.
Personally and socially, the gentle
man believed to he appointed niaj
bo worthy of the greatest rcspoct,
but as Registrar of Conveyances ho
is strongly objected to on the ground
of unfitness. ' It is another case of
trying to fill a square hole with a
round peg, or of placing a lands
man in charge of a ship, or a sailor
to run a locomotive. A good fai mcr
would likely make a poor hand at
sailing a ship, and the sea captain
almost invariably gets a farm into
squalls or calms when he attempts to
navigate it. Now, there is no reason
able ground of expectation that Mr.
Kaae will do any better in his new
position, lie may have been a good
policeman or legislator, although of
the latter there is no proof, but he
has neither the education, the train
ing nor the brains for t-o important
an olllce as the one he is said to
have been pitchforked into. Our
Government make a sad mistake in
placing unfit and incompetent men
in office, which mistake will be
more apparent as the consequent
muddle incrcasns, and increase it
will, unless a retreat be sounded,
until the whole business tumbles to
ym it boy. It te mt wfrybody
wbo gar to tmjr. nt th
fflnrtwt ptntttd, wto kw th
rNMitt of tb htfti iricii. T1i
iwrrt U thin mmt ol tit flatting
FtptiU rr UMttr Hie POIllM rf
Chlnnnwn. mm) the Itnlk nf Hi fish
brought In tlif tloliolulii mnlkot U
tliolr properly. Tlity lmvo n win
btiiMtou among tlieiti to keep up
prices. They havu tnntlo a "uornpr'
In flh, nnd although lohu ramiot
be undcMold where tliure Is couipi'-
tltlon, he is a koon as anybody to
got n high figure when he has a
monopoly. To be sure, it Is not
all profit to the Chinamen, after
deducting fair remuneration for his
labor, because he nays, in many
instances, n high rent for his fishing
rights; but not -o high that he
could not, if so inclined, lessen the
price of fish fifty per cent, and otill
make money. About the only
method that occurs to us for lcduc
ing prices to a reasonable rate is
for consumers to reluse to puichase.
A combination of tish caters on this
lino would soon break down the
monopoly of fish vendors. I till as
there is little probability of any
combination of the kind in a com
munity like ours, there is little pro
bability of reduction in the price of
ZHtebfnKibtfj "iL'iiMgjWf nnriKaijnw4irwV)cM',MI'wwtaW19 SSggBfflSr .
NO DOUBT ABOUT IT.
This morning's Advertiser in re
ferring to "the change from Marshal
to Minister, and from Minister to
Marshal" again, of the present in- by any onc who llas cvor ownoa or
uscu a microscope oi even respect
Ennoii Uui.u'.tin: I notice on
the fourth page of yesterday's Itui.
i.nux, an account of the discovery
of a new kind of glass possessing
veiy superior and remarkable quali
ties for the manufacture of micros
copic lenses. The alleged fact is in
itself by no means improbable, and
if tine, will bo source of rejoicing to
all persons who have occasion to
make microscopic investigations.
The article in question, however,
contains some statements which, to
put it mildly, arc incredible, and
otheis which will be at once recog
nized as. untrue, by any one who has
had any experience in the use of the
microscope or any knowledge of the
laws of optical science.
For instance, we. are told that
"The difference between the new
and the old glass consists in the re
fraction of light." 2STow we all know
that the magnifying property of
lenses depends primarily upon their
power of refracting light ; and the
discovery of a glass possessing
superior refiacting power to that
now in use is quite credible and
would lm very desirable. But that
by simply substituting glass of su
pciior refraction, tho magnifying
power of a microscope can be raised
from five bundled to ovor two mil
lions, or in other words increased
mure thm four hundred thousand
times, is a statement worthy of the
gicat Munchausen himself. More
over the asseition that ""With the
old glass, the full power of the
micioscope was tho discernment of
the dOOth part of an inch," is not
only inconect, but so grotesquely
untrue that it would be lauElieu at
In nwllly NMfnllfol ttt apparent
iimra ltt ImmMiMl I lino. Ten
IhottMinil I'fltig U square of mic
littmlrcit, tlir arm ol mi object ouo
Inch tMttitm l ten tliotiMUtil tltiioi ni
rittt m that of no object mm litiu
rirrtli of an Inch square. Magnify
ing an nhjwt doo itnt In nny way
liii-nmso or nllnr tlio(iiiiiiillt, of light I
which It receives, mill In the instance J,
lust mentioned, the imago which
appear one Inch iiiaic will have
only lliu light which fnlU on the ob
ject Itself which Is initially only the
one liuiiilreth oi mi Inch square.
The piaetical result must be that
iinv given portion of the image is
only the ten thousandth as welt
lighted us the corresponding portion
of the object Itself. The only wny
to overcome this dilllculty nnd to
render minute objects vNible at all
under high magnifying powers, Is to
contrive to thiow, by some artificial
contrivance, such a powerful light
upon the object to be examined as
will counteract the loss above de
scribed. Various contiivances of
mirrors, lenses and prisms are used
for this purpose and accomplish the
result in a satisfactory manner. To
tills piocess however, there must be
of course a nractieal limit, and I
fancy that the task of adequately
illuminating an object which was to
be magnified four hundred thousand
times as many diameters ns our
present instruments are capable of,
would be a very serious matter. An
object which had its diameter mag
nified 201,700,000 would have its
apparent area increased no less
than. 410,020,900,000 times. Oh!
how is that for high?
1 have already written more than
1 intended, but there is one aspect
of the subject which I desire to call
attention to. I know of no good reason
why the wonderful refracting power
of the "new glass" may not be just
as applicable to large lenses as to
small ones; no icason why the im
provement should not be available
for telescopes as well as microscopes.
Imagine now the results which must
follow- when our telescopic facilities
are increased in the same ratio that
is claimed for our mieioscopic, and
we have instiumcnts for scanning
the heavens, more than four hundred
thousand times as powerful as any
now in use When asked to serious
ly contemplate the possibilities in
volved in such a state of affairs, the
imagination becomes inebriated and
the brain threatens to hand in its
lcsignation. If I am not mistaken
in the little calculation I have hur
riedly made, the sun can then be as
distinctly seen as if its actual dis
tance was loss than half a mile, and
our old friend the man in the moon
will appear to be jiibt six feet and
five inches from the end of our
Honolulu, Oct. 28, 188G.
cumbent of the latter position, draws
the following very pointed conclu
sion, "If the law can be dispensed
with in respect of the appointment
of the Marshal, it can also be dis
pensed with in the matter of laws
which the office of Marshal has been
created to enforce. In brief, there
appears to be a decided tendency to
ignore the law on the part of the
Executive in rcgaid to appointments.
This is a dangerous experiment."
There is no doubt about it; either
in the matter of there beinj; a ten
dency to igtiore the law in legard to
appointments, or the fact of the ex
periment being a dangerous one. In
fact, close and candid observers
hazard the opinion that not merely
in the matter of appointments is
there a tendency to ignore the law,
but that a similar tendency is appar
ent in other matters when more con
venient than strict adl jcrencc to legal
enactment. "We hardly know whether
to attribute this state of things to
perverseness or ignorance. Perhaps
' it would be fait to make a division,
crediting about ono half to each. It
may be that this is a new method of
maintaining "the dignity of the
throne and the best welfare of the
people," according to the mellifluous
profession with which the new
ministry was heralded into the
House. Tho idea is unique, but the
experiment is so fraught with danger
that neither the "dignity of tho
throne" nor "the best welfare of tho
people" is invulnerable to its menace.
Fish is usually abundant in Ha
waiian waters throughout the year,
and the weather is hcldom of a
nature to prevent their being hauled
in sufficient quantities to satisfy
demands. Notwithstanding these
facts, fish is rarely cheap in our
market, is generally dear, and some
times very denr. Just fancy twenty
five cents being asked for two small
fish, both of which arc scarcely
enough to make a meal for a twelve
I myselt have a microscope which
will do vastly more than that, and
there are several parties right here
in Honolulu who have instruments
nioi c powerful than my own. The
red globules of the human blood,
one of the commonest objects ex
hibited under microscopes used for
ordinary clinical investigations, are
from the 3,000th to the 3,500th
of an inch in diameter, and the
blood globules of s-omc quadrupeds
are much smaller than this, those of
the Java musk deer being by actual
measurement rather less than the
12,000th of an inch. The various
kinds of bacteria which are just now
receiving so much attention from
physicians and biologists, and which
can be not only seen, but accurately
measured and studied under the
microscopes now in use, are many
times smaller than the limit assigned
in the article referred to.
High magnifying power is by no
means the only, nor always the most
valuable quality in a good micros
cope. Tho qualities known as defi
nition and penetration arc some
times even moio important, so much
so that a lens of comparatively low
magnifying but of superior defining
and penetrating power, is often of
more practical value to the investi
gator than one which magnifies
much more, but is deficient in these
particulars. It is in the line of im
provements in these respects lather
than in increasing the mere power
to enlarge objects, that the greatest
impiovements have been made of
late yearn. There aro also certain
practical difficulties in microscopic
work'which aie not appreciated or
understood by those who have no
personal knowledge of Mich work,
and who regard a microscope simply
as an instrument for increasing tho
apparent size of minute objects.
These difficulties increase very
rapidly as wo attempt to use very
high magnifying powers, and tend
to put a limit to our possibilities in
The only difficulty I will here
mention is that of illumination. In
precisely tho proportion that ,wo
magnify an object, we at the same
time diminish the light. If for in
fatanco wo magnify an object the
100th of an inch square until it ap
pears to the oyo to be ono inch
square, wo aro said to magnify it
one hundred diameters, but we have
SHADES OF FALSTAFF.
Kuitou IJur.Lirnx : The echoes
of Niiuanu Avenue resounded last
night with the martial sound of
drums. The residents rushed out
of their homes wondering what the
warlike tuintum meant, was it a
coup d'tat or"was it to convince
citizens: ""Move if you dare we
are hero to intimidate' you !" But
Shades of Falstaff, Bardoph,. Nym
and Ancient Pistol ! "What a motley
crowd marched past, clad in every
conceivable garment, from a dirty
tlnlU t.lnr Jnmc, T.UO I'olnli.
F. B. McCLEERY
for atoo n Klito nuil Male ItrrclptH.
At eight o'clock, at the llnwiilliin Hotel
IHIItiml Parlor. Ailiii.sdon $1 00.
tSS" . On account if tlio limited
iiiTinuuioiliitliiii, only 10 tickets will lie
Isiui1 Kiistcoitu'.'lliM m-ivciI. ilSUt
Jiluotiou of Officers.
ATTHK ANNUAL MKUTIXO OP
I Ik: Hono'oin Sugar Company thu
following nillt'ois weld duly uliutcd for
V. A. SCHAKFCU : : : PrcMdcnt
1. 1IOTING : : : : : Trrusmur
11. KKK.IKS : : : : : SecrHmy
51. .MolNKHNV : : : : : Amlln r
II. ItKNJKS, Sectetaiv.
Honolulu, Oct. 2!ih, 1885. 70 lit
The Eagle House,
On her rcluin ft om Fmining's Island
(between Dec. Ul and lftth) will lie ready
for climtur lo any port. Applications)
received from today at ihu PACIFIC
NAVIGATION OM.'tJ OFFICE.
To he held in honor of the.
of His Majesty the King's lilitliday.
Tuesday, November 16th.
Grand liecuptiou and Hookupu, from
10 to 4 o'clock, und in lho evening File
Works and Honolulu Fire Department
Wednesday, November 17th.
liegatta, from 0 o'clock, a. m.
undershirt to a creasy coat out at
elbows, and bearing rilles, swords
and other dangerous toys. One
small wanior flourished a mighty
sabic and might have said with the
valiant Nj'm : "I dare not fight but
I will wink and hold out mine iron
it will toast cheese."
The only words of command heard
were: "shut up," "go ahead," and
a tew otlier orders winen appear
neither in Upton's tactics nor any
other drill manual known but then,
of course, our valiant Hawaiian
Army is far ahead of all other
armies, past, present, or future,
and has a choice repertoire of its
own. Had Dorothy seen these
specimens she would have exclaimed
as she did to Pistol. "Lack-linen
mates, away you mouldy rogues,
away ! Spokeshave.
Edjtok Bulletin: Although the
expression of "hi bit" has been
heard by many persons but few of
them know how the words originated.
"Hi bit" is generally used by the
natives when they are swimming
after a passenger vessel, or when
bathing off a pier, and want the
foreigner to throw a piece of coin
for them to dive after, borne per
sons suppose the expression is from
hie, meaning away, and bit, an
American lei m for 12 cents, while
other persons believe that "hi bit"
is modern Hawaiin. "Hi bit" might
have been carried into the next
seven generations, and it might have
held an important position in Ha
waiian literature, without anybody
knowing how the expression origin
ated had not this opportunity been
taken to explain. "When Mr. Kraft,
Jr. was hero he frequently went
bathing at tho immigrant landing,
Kakaako, and on one occasion he
threw 10 cents for some native boys
to dive after. When tho dusky
ducks came to the surface, Mr.
Kraft pointed to the one who got the
coin, aiid said, ")io beat" hence tho
origin of "hi bit."
Thursday, November 18th.
Hisioiical Proceision ftom 9 o'clock
Baseball Toiiinnnenl, fiom I o'clock
Ilistoiicid Tableaux, from 7 o'clock
Friday, November 19th.
Grand Ball, evening.
Tuesday, November 23rd.
Monday, November 20th.
Thursday, December 2nd.
lloolin to lit, v i or without Hoard.
Tl.lt MS HKASONAUU:. 'I lie house
In now teiiilv foi occupation
Honolulu, Oct. t! I, ISfO. maw
H. Hackfeld & Co.
Hive just rccclu'd a few more
r K A. Y M. IT. J .
A LLordeis for Cnrtauu promptly at
JtX. tended to. Particular attention
paid to tlie
Storing; & Shipping
of goods in linnsit to thu other Islands.
Also, Black and White Sand
in quantities to suit at lowest price-.
Olllce, adjoining E. P. Adams &; Co.'t
OSii ly M iitunl T lcphoim Xo. 1"
THE LE&ISLATIVE ASSEMBLY
APRBL 30th-OCTOBER 16, 1886.
TO THE PUBLIC.
Tlie Pad Transfer Go.
Ollleu with C. Iv. Miller,
11 Merchant Street,
Bell Tel., 377, Mutual Tel., 391.
I am fully niepnred to do nil kinds of
drayngo, hauling or moving work, all of
which I will guiuautut! to execute faith
fi2 lyl S. F. GRAHAM. Prop'r.
S. M. CARTER,
II 'is on hand for i ale, in quantities
to iuit :
Departure Bay Coal, Newcastle Coal,
Hard and Sjft Woo, Sawed and Split.
Barley, f om,
The First and Only
Ever published in this Kingdom
Now Ready for ielivery
The DAILY BULLETIN OFFICE
Over 700 Pages with Index !
This is the Only Original, Correct and Complete Record,
in Book Form, of the Business and Debates of the Legisla
tive Assembly of 1886.
Orders are hereby solicited arid will
uedeliveud at any locality within the
3Vo. 8SKING STREET.
lloth Telephone, 187. W
The Book consists of Revised and Corrected Re-prints of
wheat, etc the Reports, published from day to day, throughout the
Session, in the Bulletin.
rOTIGE is hereby given that tlio
.LN tegular meeting of the V. II 's
nlias tlie F. F. V.M will luUu plarnut the
rcnulnr time and place next FRIDAY
EVENING. Cnnd dates for admission
will bo given ten. iliya' notice prior to
initiation to prepare themselves for the
same. Initiation fee Indies, 25 ccnti;
gentlemen, two for G cents.
Per order of the President and Bosud
Honolulu, October 28, 1880. fit) 2t
COTTAGE TO RENT,
CORNER OF KINAU
VM. O. ATWATEH,
DUIUNG my aliseneo from the King
dom, J, Amiiiid Maooon will net
for mo under full power of attorney,
aud Is alouu authorized to collect all
monies duo to mc, L. 13, KERR.
Honolulu, Oct, 23, 1880, 00 lw
KEEP YOUR HORSES HEALTHY
und avoid oxtwivu bwcutiiii; by
'having lliein clipped with tlio Patent
lightning uorsu uiippiiig .uiicniuc.
Hoisia culled for and returned free nf
clnuee. King up Telephone No. U2
Or apply to JIILEtJ & 11AYLEY,
00 lm Hawaiian Hotel Stable.
C. E. FRASHER,
Hay, Grain, Etc,
Oil Cake Meal,
Order left at Ofllce, with N. F. Rur
ges, t?4 King Street, will bo promptly
uttemleU t-o. " 0Sly
Having now passed into the hands
of responsible parlies is prepared at
short notice to do all Washing In a Su
perior 3Innncr. A comilerablu
has been mude from the scale of
former rutcp, nnd
Satisfaction is Guaranteed to All
Who will favor the Establishment
with a trial. (50
THE UNDERSIGNBD ON BEHALF
of tlio Inur-lslaud Sioam Naviga
tion Company h'g to Hinrerely tliank
tho Oltlceis and Fiiuiian of the Flio De
partment, and aho all thoji! who ren
dered their service at the Into the on tlio
Steamer " W. G. Hull."
W. II. GODFREY,
Vlcn.Pics. I. 1.8. N. Co.
00 lw Seciet u v I. I. H. N. Co.
Store for Kent, unci Fix
tures for Sale.
rPIIAT dfsirnhlo Stoic now occupied
JL by tho LADIES' HAZAAIt, H8 Fort
street, und all the Fixturu', Glass Cai-es,
&c, for biilc. For further particulars,
'enquho on the Premises. 410
I HEREBY give notice that from
and after this date, I will not
be responsible for any debts con
tracted without the written order of
myself or wife.
Honolulu, Sept. 10, 1880. 28 3m
Wolfe & Company,
Grocery and Feed Store,
G7 and GO Hotel btrcct,
Fresh Groceries and Provisions received
by every Steamer.
P. O. Box ISO, Boll Telephone No.
a 10 .Mutual Telephone No. 104.
The Bulletin Reports
Have been Strictly Impartial, and have contained during1
tlie greater part of the session
PHONOGRAPHIC VERBATIM REPORTS
Of the Principal Speeches delivered in the House.
Also appears in full, promulgated By Authority, on
Saturday, the 23rd October.
Tlie edition is limited. Orders should be in early to be
sure of being filled.
at the low price of
First come, first served! Supplied
REMEMBER! The Only Hansard is to be
had at the
DAILY BULLETIN OFFICE,
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