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BrSIIOP & Co.. HAtfKlSllS
Honolulu, llawnlinu I land.
l)raw Kxchango on tho
Bnnk oi CnlU'omiti. H. Jp.
Anil tliolr agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. N. M. Rothschild i!c fon, London
Tho Commrrolnl H.-inU to., of Sidney,
Tho Commercial Iinuk Go Tor Sdney,
Tho Hunk of Now Zealand: Auckland,
Clirlstohinch, nndjWolUngton, .
Thu Bonk of British Columbia, "Vic
torla, B. 0., nml Portland, Or.
Transact a General Bnnklng Unslne".
Pledge! to neither Beet nor Tarty.
But established for tlo boncfit of all.
MONDAY. NOV. 1. 1S8C.
The following article
iliieed from the Jjoiulon
September 'Jilid, anil looks very
uuich as if written in Honolulu anil
not in London:
The Kingdom of Hawaii to give
the ollieial tyle and title of what
have been known to Englishmen
since the time of Captain Cook as
the Sandwich Islands enjoys the
proverbial happiness of having n
history which does not. largely interest
the outside world. It is a contented
and thriving community, governed
on constitutional piinoiples by a
native Sovereign, a responsible
Cabinet, and a Legislative Assembly.
Under tins constitution, which was
promulgated in its present form by
King Kainehunicha V. in 1SG1, the
kingdom has prospcicd and grown
iu stability and commercial rcsouices
until it is now one of the most
flourishing communities in tho Pacific
Ocean. Its position is singularly
advantageous. It is the neatest im
portant group of islands to the
Foit.li American continent, and it
stands in the diicct line of commu
nication between San Francisco and
the ports of Australasia. AVith its
internal politics we do not here con
cern ourselves ; but its foreign rela
tions, actual and prospective, are, as
wc shall presently show, not without
considerable interest for English
readers. "Wc hae before us the
"Report of the Minister for Foreign
Affairs to tlie Legislative Assembly
of 1886," in which the Foreign
Minister, the Hon. "Walter M. Gib
son, gives an account of the foreign
relations of the Kingdom, of the
negotiations in which it has taken
part, and of the policy by which it
endeavours to maintain its acknow
ledged position as the prerogative
community of the Pacific Islands.
"Hawaii," says Mr. Gibson in the
conclusion of his report, maintains
an lionoraoic position among tne
family of nations, owing to her
Christian character and enlightened
fulfilment of her obligations as an
independent State at home and
abroad. Her satisfactory iclations
with foreign nations constitute the
bulwark of her independence. A
patriotic Legislature will help to
strengthen these relations, by
strengthening the hands of a Minis
try whose leading policy is to inspire
national sentiment and a devotion to
national independence by a just ad
ministration of government and a
faithful observance of our inter
national obligations." Thus the
keynote of Hawaiian foreign police
is that of national independence,
while subordinate to this there is
manifest in Mr. Gibson's repoit a
desire on the pait ol Hawaii to ex
tend its own political advantages by
all legitimate means to such of the
Pacific communities as aie still in
dependent of Foieign 1'owers and
remain in a more or less backward
political and social condition.
The geogiaphical position of Ha
waii determines tho main diiection
of its external political relations.
Its chief trade is at present with the
United States, In 188.0 the total
value of its exports to and imports
from the United States amounted in
round numbers to 11,87-1,000 dol
lais, being rather over 9:2 per cent
of the value of its whole foreign
commerce. Great Uritain comes
next, though with only about 3 per
cent, thus leaving only a trifle over
4 per cent to be divided among tho
rest of the world. This preponder
ance of trade with the United States
is not, however, to bo accounted for
by natural and geographical causes.
In 1875 a Reciprocity Tieaty was
concluded between Hawaii and the
United States, in virtue of which
the great bulk of the indigenous
products and manufactuics of both
countries was to bo admitted duty
free into each. The effect ot this
treaty, which was originally con
cluded for seven years, was that
Hawaiian goods, including sugar,
which is tho staple product of tho
islands, were freely exchanged
against American manufactures of
all kinds. Tho treaty came into
.force at tho end of 1870. In that
year the exports from Hawaii were
Valued at 2,2-11,000 dollars; in 1885
they wero valued at 8,058,000 dol
lars, of which sugar accounted for
no less than 8,350,000 dollais. Thus
the export of biigur alono was raised
under tho operation of the treat' to
very nearly four times the value of
the total cxpoits'bf thu kingdom in
1875. Hawaii, however, is now in
some danger of losing this advan
tage. Since 1883 doubts have arisen
as to whether the United Slates
Government would consent to renew
the liiiuy for another pdrlod of
seven years, and thesis doubt"? liave
not yet been set at rest. The original
term havinjr evpiied. a renewal was
agreed upon between tho two Gov
ernments, in .January, 1885 ; but this
new convention had not been dealt
with by the Foreign Affairs Com
milteo'of the United Stale-? Senate
when Mr. Gibson's icport of the
urcsent year was issued. The original
convention lcmains operative pend
ing tho Bcttleininl ot the question,
but the delay and unceitainty have
bad a somewhat depressing elfcct on
the sugar industties of Hawaii.
There is in thu United States a
strong party opposed to the definite
lcnewal ot the tieaty, and. accord
ing to Mr. Gibson, this paity is
composed mainly of those who think
that ineir personal interests are in
jured by the admission of Hawaiian
sugars duty free." These persons,
adds Mr. Gibson, have been able to
influence thu opinions of many pio
mincnt meinbeis ot both Houses of
Congress. Indeed, wu believe it has
even been suggested by some Ameri
can politicians that the convention
with Hawaii should not be latilled
unless tho Hawaiian Government
consents to cede Pearl River Harbor
one of the most important haibors
in the islands to thu United States.
Such a cession was, indeed, contem
plated and actually mooted by the
Hawaiian Government itself in 1873,
when the conclusion of a coinmeicial
convention with the United States
, was a matter of vital moment to the
kingdom, but it is ceitain that no
such pioposal would even be entoi
taincd at the present tune. The
llawaiians nre unite ready to lenew
tho treaty, but tljey are not ready to
bailer their independence for it.
The convention has done its work in
developing the sugar indusliies of
Hawaii, and these, llawaiians think,
can now stand alone. "It is in
jurious to our cause," wrote Mr.
Gibson to the Hawaiian Envoy at
"Washington, "that an impression
should be abroad that Hawaii cannot
do without the treaty that wo arc
wholly dependent upon it for pros
pcritj' and continued progress. The
sacrifice of revenue which Hawaii
makes is propoitionately far greater
than that of the United States. Ha
waii, it should be explained, derives
its chief revenues from an a J
valorem duty of ten per cent levied
on all imports except those which
come fiom the United States.
"Her chief industry," continues
Mr. Gibson, "has also become
thoroughly established, her natutal
lcsourccs'have been proved to be so
favorable to it, and thu cost of pio
iluctiou has, during the past few
years, been so much reduced, with
a piospect of fuilher reductions,
that at the worst the abrogation of
the treaty can only cause tempo
rary embarrassment here and en
force the opening of new channels
of trade." The new channels ot
trade are not far to seek. 15y the
opening of the Canadian Pacific
Railway Canada has become a foi
midable competitor for the trade of
the Pacific, :it present almost mono
polized by llie United States. If a
treaty similar to that which the
United States Government hesitates
to renew wcic concluded between
Hawaii and Canada, the Hawaiian
export of sugar would at once leave
the United States and go to Canada,
theie to be exchanged against com
modities such as Hawaii wants and
Canada can easily supply. "We un
derstand that this alternative has
not escaped the attention of tho
Hawaiian Government. Negotia
tions June been opened through the
Colonial Olllce with the Government
of the Dominion, and piopoals for
a treaty of rceipiocal free trade
between Canada and Hawaii have
been not unfavorably entertained
both by the Colonial Olllce and by
the Dominion Government. The
alfair is one which concerns this
country almost as much as Canada,
since the development of the Pacific
tiado of Canada and thu opening up
of communications with the East
along the Canadian Pacific route
are matters of direct Imperial in
terest. Resides, if a ti eaty is con
cluded between Canada and Hawaii,
it might be found possible to extend
its advantages to the United King
dom by means of a supplementary
convention stipulating for most
favored nation treatment a stipu
lation which is expressly excluded
by the fourth article of tho existing
convention with tho United States.
Another matter in which the Ha
waiian Government is deeply inter
ested is the condition of the neigh
boring Polynesian communities.
"Recent events," says Mr. Gibson,
"have evoked on the part of His
Majesty n deep sympathy for com
munities kindled in race to the Ha
waiian, and as capable as tho Ha
waiian of forming for themselves,
under guidance, governments and
laws on a civilized pattern, but
whose independence appeared likely
to be lost to them for want of suit
able advicu and assistance
His Majesty's Government
liave deemed 'it their duty to make
a decided effort to secure for llioio
Polyuesian communities which have
not already been brought under for
eign rule an assurance of their in
dependence." Accordingly Mr.
Carter, the Hawaiian Envoy at
"Washington, was commissioned last
autumn to visit Europe, in order to
make what Mr. Carter termed "a
political reconnoissiince, to ascer
tain whetlior Hawaii might not 1)0
recognized as eligible to take a
leading pajt iu a more complete
political oiganization of Central
Polynesia." Mr. Carter received
much fcympalhy and hiippoit fiont
Mr. Rayard, tho American Minister
of State, and on his arrival in
Kuropo lie was tieatcd with all con
sideration by Lord Salisbury and
Count Horbcit IlisinaroL He
found, however, that an agreement
had already been come to between
Germany and this country for tho
recognition and delimitation of their
respective spheres of influence in
Polynesia, and that Germany in
imr'ticular had 'aheady assumed ait-
thoiity over tho Maishalt Islands.
TImj eon impendence respecting Mr.
Carter's mission and lua conveisa
tions witli the lepresentatives of the
Kuropean Pow ers chiefly interested
is given at length in the appendix
to Mr. Gibson's icpoit, and is full
of inteie'sting mailer. We have no
snaee for the tiuotalion of extiacts
fiom it, but wu may give the gen
eral result in Mr. Gibson's own
language: "The result has jttsti
lled the action taken nndims evoked
a decided expiessiou of sympathy
with the Hawaiian idea on the sub
ject, wheiever the latter has been
fully piesented. The
Riitish Minister at "Washington ex
pressed to Mr. Cm lor his conviction
that Loid Uosebeiy 'approved the
general idea of aiding tho Polyne
sian communities to retain their in
dependence.' The attitude of Gioat
Uritain in this matter is of the
highest impoitance. "Wc have al
ready the icsuianco of Germany
that 'she looked upon the islands
which liu outside the lino in regard
to which she was in negotiation with
England as being sun endured so
far, at least, as the Impel ial Gov
ernment is concerned to the in
fluence of that Power." Fiom this
Mr. Gibson draws the conclusion
that outsido tho Gorman line, and,
of course, equally outside the ac
knowledged limits of Rritish pro
tection, Hawaii is free to operatu iu
thu manner indicated iu his report.
The Gilbcit Islands are specially
mentioned by Mr. Gibson as having
a stiongcr claim than any others in
tho Pacific, still remaining indepen
dent, to the sympathy and aid of
Hawaii. "It is proposed," thorc
foie. "to send a Commissioner to
the Gilbert Islands, to urge the
chiefs and people to adopt codes of
laws and forms of administration
which may jusure that stability of
government,- domestic peace, and
good order among them, which can
induce an absolute acknowledgment
of their independence on the part of
the great Powers." It seems to us
that the beneficent enterprise thus
undertaken by the Government of
Hawaii is deserving of every en
couragement. Hawaii is preserved
from aggressive ambition not only
by thu disposition of its own people,
but by the necessity of keeping on
good terms with tho gieat Powers
interested in the Pacific. It lias
worked out its own leguneiation,
and is therefore well qualified to
assist kindred communities, simi
larly situated, in tho effort to ac
complish the same task. The un
dertaking is a dilllcult one, but at
least it deserves to succeed, and
there is cvary reason to commend
the temperate and disinterested
spirit iu which it Inn been entered
upon by Mr. Gibson and the Ha
RENTS IN IRELAND.
Dublin, Oct. 19. The branches
of the Irish National Leaguo iu the
counties ot Coik and AVatcrford,
have been making iiiquiiics regard
ing the condition of farms in these
districts, and have jtiht made a re
poit of the lesult of their investiga
tion's. They say that the harvests
have- been bad, that oats are selling
at from three to live shillings per
barrel, and that the heavy fall in
htock iias rendered farmers unable
to nay their rent. On account of
the bad harvest the farmers demand
a i eduction from lo to oO per cent
iu lents, and wliero a reduction
is lefuscd, they will pay nothing. A
number of landlords offer a reduc
tion of Jlo per cent.
Ueilin, Oct. 1!). The Minister of
the Interior pf ttuxouy lias issued
order,, relative to the procedure
against emigrants returning from
America Iialileto military bervico
in Saxony, and "who claim lo have
been naturalized in the United
States. If there is no special reason
lo suspect that such persons emi
grated for the purpose of evading
the service, they will bo permitted
to take up their residence iu Saxony
for a limited period. All such per
sons who give trouble or boast of
their exceptional position, or who
there is reason to believe emigrated
to evade the law, will bo expelled
from Germany immediately.
HAWAIIAN HOTEL ARRIVALS.
The following entries were mudo
on the Hawaiian 'Hotel register on
Sattiulay and Sunday:
Jus. It. Kenton, Hamakuu; S.
Ciillen and ICdwuid Horo, Ivoohui ;
Coon jSIurgerson and AV. II. Lowers,
Kukiiiliacle; li. K. Hind and wife,
Kouala; Albeit li. Carter, .1. Weut
licdc anil wife, 1. J. Davis and
Percy I'. Moore, Now York; Mr.
Mis. J. 11. Ellis, F. AW liurwell, .7.
Ilardio, Robert Kose, J. C. Frith
and II. II. Adams, New Zealand j
Sir. and Sirs. V. "Wilson, Hon. L.
L. Smith and infant, Alired Felton
and O. Wild, SI. 1)., South Austra
lia; 1$. J. Cuieton, J. W. Harrett
and Tom 11. Guest, Jr., Australia j
Frank J. 'Woteious, Winnipeg, Ca
nada j Sliss C. Smitlj, Oregon; F.
li. lialdwiu and .las. Addington,
Buffalo, New Yoik; Herbert J.
J'rutt, lioston; Aion.o II, Slorris,
-fo.i iji nw.jfrjmiUMi.EiixjJU.i:;gH 'tAaan
A. AV Smith, II. II. Voorman and
Tom Cannon, San Francisco; S.
Mngilt, Oakland; Mr. Decker, Ger
man Consul, Derlin ; Mr. and Mrs.
K. D. lloaro and, C Hammond, Lon
don; Robert James, Birmingham,
and Fred "Wood, Leicester, England.
'IHOSK VK11Y HKSriM.
blu ihciiiIm m Xo 103 Xuunmi
Avenue. Dwelfliin contain!
8 rooma; airy imsoineni under nil; kltcli
cu, pantry, hntliu om and servant's rotitn
attached, carriage house, stuble, fowl
house; all ooncniently arranged; quiet
lii'iiltlil'iil liL'.Ulon; neat ground, Irult
trei-. Ten mlmites' walk fiom Post
Olllee. Enquire adjolulm premise of
72 tf .1.11 WOOD.
Vyi3HE8 to Inform the ladles of
Vt Honolulu tint "lit' intends to jjo
oui as Ladles' Nitiso N lliMrnuehly
competent, require at No 151 King
Struct. 721 w
IVEKY MEMBER is duslic.l and e.
1 pccicil lo attend n meeting of llje
Firit Division or the Lllhioknlnnl Edn.
cational Society to 1ii held nl !? o'cloik
TO-MOHHOV'(Tu(Hlny) aPeriioon In
llie room of Enable Omnpmv No 1,
King Stieet. MARY O. UKOK.LEY.
72 It Secretary.
toun Hoilcis Furnaces and Ranges
Bet. Hrick and Stonework done on
reasonable let ins.
Alaptl St., Beeoad door from Iteretmla
Oldcis fiom the other Island punc
tually attended to. TJIv
Hawaiian Bell Telephone Co.
Slne.e the piililloaliou of the October
Card, the lollnwlng additions and utter.
ntioi3 hayo lieeu made:
IU Attorney Geiicial's Olllcq
1 II Crowder, .Ino, lea.
7S Deshu, Qeo L, us
ilBIl Eagle Ho':-o.
202 Fishel, U. J , res.
i:)3 Kerr, 1.. J , res.
170 Love, .Ta1., res.
221 JIuL'.'tin Rio-., rcH.
2 4 Naauuo.S. (FiMi Maiket).
1!.0 Sopei.J 11.
24'J Tuber, W.S, let.
220 AVaiamau, Rev. J , mi.
2Ti Webster, R. N., res.
Subscribe hip uquested to out this
notice out and atllx it to their euih.
KYAN'S BOAT BUILDING
SHOP. Rear of Lneu' Mill.
COTTAGE, within easy distance of
fOit Olllco Sjv. six rooms.
Furnished or nnfiirniahid
0!) C. PEACOCK.
MAX ECKART has removed
his .leweli y Miinnfucloiv lo Fort
Street, just above llie Shotting Gallery,
wlieie he will curry on his ugular biiM
nc, . -18 lm
Election of Ollicors.
AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OF
llie Honoltaa Sugar Company the
following ofilceis wero duly elected for
the ensuing year:
V. A. RCHA1JFEU : ; ; President
I.1IOTIKG : : : : : Treasnrei
H. REN.TKS : : : : : Secielary
M. AIcINERNY : : : : : Auditor
II. RKNJFS, Scoretai v.
Honolulu, Oct 2!)ih, 1885. 70 (it
GBAND RUNNINB RACE !
Oo as yovxIPleajsje!
Wednesday Evening, Nov. 3rd,
At 8 o'clo-.U.
First Prize -Second
- Gold Medal
Best two out of three wins priiCN
All entries lo ho closed on Siitiinliiy
evening, Oct. ilUih. Ailmislon 25 cenlK.
liiuid in nttendiuicc.
No. CO Nuuaim fctreet.
COTTAGE TO LET.
17UHNI3HKD OH UNFURNISHED.
: A Cottngo on Luimlllo nw l'liUoj
Streets, furnished complete t'oi House
keeping. Use of horfu and cnrrluge;
largo garden. Apply lo
IS tr Cor, Fort & Hotel ta
COTTAGE TO KENT,
COTTAGE, COllNKH OF KINAU
und l'ensacoln streets. Inquire of
C!i Iw Government Building
Now Photograph llooins.
OVKU Nlchol'H More, Fort strcef,
next thu Shooting Gallery,. Pin.
lures, Portraits and viu8. FitiitolaM
work, friliufui.tlou oiiiirunAi'id
SO ly J. A. UUN SALVIAS,
The Eagie House,
Eooun to lit, with or without l.'oard.
T1RM8 REASONABLE. The house
Is now lcuilv fo" ouciiu.itinii
MRS. J.'t. WHITE,
Honolulu. Ocl.'Jl. INsK. CI 2w
H. Hackfeld & Co.
Hio juit received a few more
X) It jiV Y 1 If! J .
IJ. ordeis for Cartaee promptly at
X. tended to. Particular attention
paid lo the
Storing & Shipping
of goods in tranolt to the other Islands.
Also, Black and White Sand
in quantities lo unit at lowest prlees.
Qllloe, adioiniuu: 13. 1'. Adams & Co's
Mutual Tilephone. No. Ifi.
TO THE PUBLIC.
Tim Pacific Transfer Go.
Olllro with C. K. Miller,
Bell Tel., 377, Mutual Tel., 391.
1 tun fully prepared to do all kinds of
drayngc, hauling or moving work, all of
which I will guarantee to execute faith
fully. 62 ly S. F. GRAHAM, PropV.
S. M. GARTER,
lias on hand for le, in quantities
Departure Bay Coal, Newoastle Coal,
Hard and Soft Woo, Sawed and Split,
Hrnn, O its,
R.ii ley, I 'oi n,
Olden are hereby (solicited and will
be dcllvend at any" locality within the
ISo. KINCJ STRJEET.
Until Tcll-ltlioiiCH. 1N7. CI
Hay, Grain, Etc.
Oil Cake Meal,
Order loft ut Ofllce, with N. P. Bnr
geBS, t?-l King Sticet, will bopromitly
uttunded lo. COly
Having now pitted into Ihe hands
of responsible parlie Ir prrpaied at
short notice to do all Washing in u Su
perior Simmer. A comilctahlo
has been mudo from the
former uiles, and
Satisfaction is Guaranteed to All
"Who will favor tho Establishment
with atrial. 50
KEEP YOUR 1IORSKH HEALTHY
and avoid excessive bweatlng by
having them clipped with tho Patent
Lightning Horso Clipping Slachlne.
Hoises culled for and returned free of
charge. Itlug up Telephone No. U2.
Or apply to MILK3 & HAYLKY,
(i'J lm Hawaiian Hotel Slublcs,
HUSTAGE & ROBERTSON
THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY
APRIL 30th-OCTOBE 16, 1886.
The DAILY BULLETIN OFFICE
Over 700 Pages with Index !
This is the Only Original, Correct and Complete Record,
in Book Form, of the Business and Debates of the Legisla
tive Assembly of 1886.
The Book consists of Revised and Corrected Re-prints of
the Reports, published from day to day, throughout the
Session, in the Bulletin.
The Bulletin Reports
Have been .Strictly Impartial, and have contained during
the greater part of the session
PHONOGRAPHIC VERBATIM REPORTS
Of the Principal Speeches delivered in the House.
Tlie APPJaOPHIATIOTS 1SXJLJL,
Also appears in full, promulgated By Authority, on
Saturday, the 23rd October.
Tho edition is limited. Orders should he in early to be
sure of being filled. First come, first served! Supplied
at the low price of
DAILY BULLETIN OFFICE,
J. H. SOPER'S and T. C. THRUM'S.
in this Kingdom
Ready for Delivery
Only Hansard is to be
U ,il iZiA'W'ste -'"
.4 faj&'SidSifefi" ut j teai'a-
JJmuVjie. r '