Newspaper Page Text
In accordance with Section I, of
Chapter XXVI, of the Laws of 18SG:
All persons holding water privi
leges, or tlioso paying water uxtcs,
tiro hereby notified that the water
rates for the term, ending December
31, 1888, will bo due and payable at
tho olllce of the Honolulu Water
Works on the 1st of July, 1888.
All such rates lemnining unpaid
for fifteen days, after they niefduc,
will bo subject to un additional 10
TartieH paying rates will please
present their last receipt.
Itatcs are payablu at tho office of
tho Water Works, in tho ICapuaiwa
Tho Btatute allowing no discretion,
strict enforcement of this clause will
G1IAS. JB. WILSON,
Supt. Honolulu Water Works.
Honolulu, 11. I., June 15, 1888.
BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands
Draw Exchango on tho
JSanlc oi Cnlil'osruin., S. IT.
And their agents in
NEW YORK, BOSTON, HONG KONG.
Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & Bon, London
Tho Commercial Bank Co., of Sydney,
Tho Commercial Hank Co., of Bydney,
The Bank of New Zealand: Auckland,
Christchurch, and Wellington,
The Bank of British Columbia, Vic
toria, B. 0., and Portland, Or.
Transact a General Banking BuBinc3t.
rr ii 33
Pledged to neither Sect nor Party,
But established for the benefit of all.
TUESDAY, JUNE 2G, 1888.
Late Frame lews.
The steamship Australia arrived
at 11:30 o'clock to-day. Follow
ing is a summary of latest news :
"Session at Chicago.
The prophets arc all at sea about
the nominee Depew seems to be the
only one who has made any decided
gains but it is thought that he can
not control many votes outside of
the New England States and New
York. Sherman still remains the
leader after Blaine, but he cannot
be nominated without heavy gain.
The friends of the candidates arc
working vigorously, but there has
been no material change except in
the cases of llariison and Gresham
both of whom are said to have gain
ed. The greatest demonstration in
Chicago was made in honor of
Blaine although no effort has been
make to make it &o.
Special to Bulletin
The following telegram was sent
to San Francisco on Tuesday, June
19lh, by a prominent Eastern Jour
Chicago, June 19, 1888.
From present indications Eslee of
California will be elected permanent
chairman of the Convention, and I
believe that if Blaine is not nomin
ated for President, that the nominee
will be Wm. McKinley Jr., of Ohio,
the likeliest and one of the darkebt
horses in camp. Guinand.
THE DEMOCItATIC CONVI'KTION AT ST.
LOUIS THE NOMINATION.
For President : Grover Cleveland
of New York. For Vice-President :
Allan G. Thurman of Ohio.
The Convention endorsed tho
Mill's Tariff Bill.
Frederick II, Emperor of Ger
many, died at 11 a. m., Friday,
June 15, 1888, of malignant cancer.
Mnrshal Lcboeuf of France is
General Sheridan vho has been
very ill appears to be gaining
strength, and he will probably re
Walt Whitman, the poet, is re
ported to be dying.
England's new Empire: Africa's
most fertile section bounded on the
north by Alyssinia and on the south
by Zanzibar, with a seabord of 1700
miles, and a population of over
seventy millions, and embracing all
tho great lakes and rivers, has been
annexed by Great Britain.
Dr. Bowcn must hang ! Tho Su
preme Court affirm tho decision of
the lower courts, and the Governor
alono can save him now.
Tammany Hall has endorsed the
norminations of Cleveland and
The British Government were de
feated June 12th, in tho House of
Commons on tho Naval bills by a
vote of 113 to 94. Lord Charles
Beresford and other prominent Eng
lishmen opposed tho Cabinet.
A great fire occurred in Panama ;
a email shanty adjoining the Hotel
Boraa caught fire and the flames
spread rapidly, causing a loss of
ovor SCOO.OOO.uQ boforo it wns got
A German steamer with over
eleven hundrcd( 1100) pilgrims going
to Mecca -on board is supposed to bo
lost with all on board.
E. T. Plank of San Francisco was
elected President of tho Interna
tional Typographical Union on tho
Fire in Indianapolis, liul., Juno
12, caused a los3 of over $10(K000.
Fire in Santiago, Chili, iceently
caused a loss of over 8200,000.
Reports show that dining the first
quniterof 1888 there was built in
the United States .2,271 miles of
A lire m Oakland, Ual., Juno 11,
wheicbv the Canny Block was des
troyed and burned out resulting in a
loss of ovor 8100,000. The two
adjoining blocks wore also seriously
Major-General John Pope's wife
died at St. Louis, Juno 12th.
U. S. Senator Jonathan Chase of
Rhode Island has been rc-clcctcd.
The Western Union Telegraph
Co. has declared a quarterly divi
dend of 1 percent. The report of
the directors is ii very favorable one.
VUllllllUlllUllIU JlUKIb, 111 i.U!13
shot himself and wife, June 12.
Both are in a very critical condi
tion. The election of a member of Par
liament for Ayr resulted in the elec
tion of the Gladstoneist candidate
by a vote of 2331 against 22GS for
the Unionist candidate. At the last
previous election the Conservative
candidate had a majority of over
The Archbishop of Florence is
The car conductor and gripmen
in Los Angeles arc out on strike.
An express train on the Missouri,
Kansas and Pacific P. It. was stop
ped and robbed a few days ago. One
of the trainmen was killed while
resisting the robbers.
A Northern Pacific train was slop
ped near Junction City, Montana,
by train-robbers, the mail and ex
press cars as well as the passcngeis
were relieved of their valuables.
One man saved 815,000 in bills by
pulling off his shoe, and stuffing the
bills therein, throwing the shoe care
lessly on the floor.
Six more new war vessels arc to
he built by the United Stales.
C. A. Feistcorn proposes to appeal
to the U. S. Government for redress
for his illegal arrest by the Honolulu
Selma, Cal., was partially des
troyed by fue June 9th. Two days
latter, another fire started and swept
away the remaining portion of the
Paul Deroulede, the Boulangist
candidate for the Charentc division,
France, was badly defeated by the
Peace candidate. Deroulede stood
at the foot of the poll. This is a
The candle manufactuiors have
foimed a "Candle-Trust." Nexl.
N. L. Tollcy who went to San
Quentin prison and tried to shoot
his wife's lover and who was aricst
ed and indicted for assault with in
tent to kill, has been acquitted.
The jurymen expressed sympathy
with the prisoner.
Mrs. Sarah J. Whiting of Phila
delphia has confessed to having poi
soned her husband and three chil
dren. She committed the awful
crimes in order to obtain the insur
ance on their lives in order to keep
a blackmailer quiet, luo aggre
gate amount of insurance on the
four lives was S3G9. At this rate
life is very cheap.
A piano addressed to a lady in
Tulare, Cal., was seized bv the U.
S. Customs officers at St. Louis,
Mo. Inside the piano case was
found opium valued at 823,975.00.
A tenement-house fire in New
York City resulted in the death of
one man serious injuries to ten and
The White Star Cannery at Asto
ria, Or. was burned June 14. Loss
The Due d'Orleans has joined the
King's Itoyal Guards in England,
in order to complete his military
Count P. M. Del Vallc, a banker
at Colon, Isthmus of Panama, issued
drafts to tho amount of 8100,000.00,
and then left the country for the
country's good, leavingtlie drafts
A fourteen-year-old boy has con
fessed that he stalled the recent
million-dollar fire in Buffalo, N. Y.,
because the floor-walker had refused
to allow him to attend a funeral,
hence his vexation and the big fire.
The Veim'ont Prohibitionists have
nominated Henry II. Secley for Gov
ernor. A woman was publicly burned
alivo as a witch in the Department
of LaLibeilad, Chili, iceently.
Bloodshed was expected at the
Chili has now a liberal Ministry.
Sugar is active and firm,
Terrible fire occurred June 18th
at Dubois, a town in the mining re
gions of Pcnsylvania, whereby tho
town was almost iped out of exis
tence. Over 3000 pcoplo are left
homeless, Loss over one million
Col, King-Hnrmon, tho Under
Secretary for Ireland, died of heart
disease, Juno 10th.
Five lives wcro lost Juno 9th, by
a lenoincnt-houso fire at Lowell,
Mass. The people weie Fiench
Canadiaus. The assets of Wm. T. Coleman
& Co. arc now declared by tho com
mittec of creditors ns not being more
than sufllcient to cover liabilities.
tSeneca A, Swalm has been sent-
fiiierd to rovoii yoari' Imprisonment.
He has also six moro charges pend
ing when he comes outr
llio Austrian Budget provides
for an extraordinari expenditure in
the War Department of over forty
seven million florins.
William, son-of tho late Emperor,
reigns ns Emperor of Germany and
and King of Prussia.
WILL HE EXPLAIN?
Editois Bru.r.TiN: If Mr. Scott
witnessed the expciiiucnt pel form
ed by Mr. W. I. Bishop in Emma
Square, ycsteiday afternoon, when
blindfolded ho designated on a map
the exact spot where a certain arti
cle was hiddon, and subsequently
drovo to that place blindfolded and
found the article, will lie kindly ex
plain his theory of how it is done?
Or will he explain what he calls
mind-reading? Tho science, if so it
be, of mind-reading, is not old
enough yet to have received a defi
nition. It cannot be found in any
work. Then why should not Mr. Bis
hop be allowed to call this power that
ho possesses mind-reauingr Cau any
belter term bo applied to it? Or,
can a term bo used ' that will more
exactly explain the phenomena?
I think not ; but still am not ho
set in my opinion, that a lucid ex
planation of how these results arc
obtained, will notconvinco me of tho
falacy of attributing it to mind-reud-ing.
IF YOU roilly want jour money's
worth of the finest Hoine-Mndo
French anil Plnin Candles, the most
Delicious Ice Oi earns, or Fancy and
Plain Cukc, call tit the Pioneer Steam
Candy Factory, Bakery nud Ice Cream
Parlors, established ISC'.l. Hotel, oppo.
site Bethel street V. IIoun, Piacticnl
Confectioner, Pastiy Cook and Omtu
luentcr. P. S. The only place where
the Genuine Butter Scotch is manu
factured and sold. 10 if
A Chinese or Japanese Boy, with rc-
XI. ference, to do general nouseworK
Apply to Airs. Thiole,
rpWO men to work at si dairy. Apply
X to DAVIS & WILDER,
70 Ot Portsticct.
GOOD sober Man to drivo a milk
wagon; must ho a cood driver
anil understand horses. None hut a
good man need apj ly at the Uult.ltin
ofllce. 78 31
NOTICE of IiEMOVAL.
JOHN McLKAN has removed his
Blnck'-mithiug Est iblishmeut to
Fort street, opposite Hopper's Mill,
where he will bo glad to sec his old
friends and new onus. 73 lm
'"pHE undersigned having been on Hie
JL Sttih lust , appointed by the II nur.
able Ed mini Preston, Justice of the
bupreme Court, Assignees of the Estate
of the Pacific Nutigotinu Company ,t
bankrupt, hereby request all i crsons'
owing said estate, to make immediate
W. F. ALLEN,
J AS. I. DOWSETT,
Assignees of Estate of Pacific Naviga.
Honolulu, June 20, 1888. 48'lm
Fourth of July, 1888,
LL Americans wishing to subscribe
to the fund for celebrating the
coming 4th of July, will find hubscrip
tion lists at tho Pacific Hardware Co.
nnd Egan ifc Co.'s sloies on Fort street,
and at the Hawaiian Hotel. Tho mem.
hers of the Finance Committee, 'Messrs.
JXH. G. BPKNCER,
CIIAS. II. KLDR1DGE,
JOHN W. WINTER,
J. J. EGAN,
Will also recehc snbeuilptions.
Honolulu, June 25, 18S8. 78 til
A SHALL Gold Rieast Pin, with tho
word "Aloha." Finder will he
MUSIC furnished for hall?, parties
and serenades by Palmer's String
Rand. Orders left at O. E. Williams',
or ring up Mutual Telephone 330. 74 tf
l3, A JNivnr uonnge oi lour
.'H J.X. it-inn", nun ipum in tuo
hoiihe, and oii'.'ionses, near
tho Mormon Church, now occunicd by
Mr. Youel Apply to
Yogel Apply to Mr. Voircl. ut
lIinTticlilucgor & Co.'f,
Notice of Removal,
rpiIL ofllce of tho Inter.Iland Stei
J. Navigation Company hns been
moved to tho prcmUea formerly occu.
pied by Picrco 5s Co,, on Queen street.
FOR SAN FRANCISCO,
Tho Al BteamBhip
Will ltavo Honolulu for tho nbovo
Tuesday, July 3rd,
For Pieight or Pas3ago, apply to
WM. Q. IRWIN & CO., Agenta.
.Ml I I HI I 1 it TMI.1,,,1. .MIIMWI3
The Famous Wizard of the Horth,
Will give, a
Last & Farewell Performance
Tuesday Evening, June 26th,
AT 8 O'CIiOCtt.
In fulfillment of tho promise made tho
public, ho tnkes plcasuro in
inuking the following
,, Dp will rositively cpose tho famous
Cabinet Tefit, In lull vlow or tho audi
ence, without tho uitf ef n Cabinet, or
any conlilvnnci whntevct. Ho will also
expose and explain the myhteiieb of
Dr. Slade's Slate Writing,
JTho Floating Table,
And many other tests. The exposures
and explanations will ha made openly
and in full view of tho audience, fiom
which the closcEt scrutiny is invited.
Tho programme will alo be replete
with new and staitling nicks of Leger
demain and Nccromaiicy, never before
performed in Honolulu.
AcliiiiSHion 61, TEc. and 50e.
llox plan for sale of feats now open
at J. E. Brown & Co.'s, Merchant street.
Thursday Evening, June 28th,
RIFLES' ARMORY BENEFIT.
W. S. Gilbert's 3-Act Comedy
Cheviot Hill Mr. J. P. Brown
Helvtiwney., I 'Mr. P. P. Hastings
Symperson..! i.JIr E. V. Bishop
, Mr, W. M. Macfarlnnd
Magillicudy Mr. Wm linger
HllmlaTrchcrnc -.Miss B. B, Parko
Minnie Syrupcisoti,,.. , , .Miss It. Makco
Maggie Mncfarlnne.....Mli-s Jano llaro
Mrs. Macfarluue. ,,.,... Mlfs A. VVnJUor
Purkcr ....'.,., 'Miss Minnie Brown
PRICES 8 XJSUAIi,
Box plan openst-at J. E. Brown &
Co.'s, at fi;30 a. m.. Wednesday, Juno
Doors Open 7:30 -a BST" Curtain at 8.
Klntr St., lieur tho Ilrliluo.
il Fancy Gooffs
Employment wanted for
5 Jnpancso Gardeners & Yardman.
2 Cooks, first. class.
2 ' Nurse Girls & Housemaid.
THE DAILY BULLETIN-Tuo
X most popular paper published. .
HAYROKU 4 GO.,
IN LARGE VARIETY !
-FOR SALE BY-
(SSTPrices lists furnished on applica
tion. GI lm
The undersigned calls the attention of
the public to
New Lines of G-'oods
Just received ex lnlc arrivals,
Hawaiian, American & English Flags,
listen Hall ooilg, Xovcls,
Bound Story Books
Erase Bool k Mm.
FRENCH NOVELS !
A completo line of
Plain and Fancy Stationery 1
Together with cveiyihinc to he found in
a well-appointed stationery Moie.
INSPECTION IS INVITED-a
A. M. HEWETT,
65 Merchant Street. L8'n
FOR SALE CHEAP !
Just received a lino of
Eastern Fireworks !
Tho aboyo ate of thH year's manufacture
und from tho lending factories
rf tho East.
. W. MACFARLANE.
Dcsiriiblo Building Lots
-V?kA l?ou SAI-E two building
fil&V$S - lots, each 75 feet by SO
tAHi"iM lect, ami one lot vu tcet
.-4faa feet, anil unn
feet, beautifully Miuatcd
corner f Lnnulilo and Kanlolani streets.
These eligible sites cominnuu oxtcnt-ivo
views of hnd and ooenn. They are
fenced, cleared and jlun.ed with trees,
and hao wiuei laid on, Terms to suit
70 Ut II. M. DOW.
THE WEEKLY, BULLETIN
X Island subscription, 4 per annum.
Auction Sales by Lowls J. Lovey.
Executors' Sale of a Valuable Lease In
Honolulu At Auction,
BY older of O Bolto and L. A Tlmrs.
ton, Eieecuton of tlir Estate of
CJco. Englclmrdt, decenscd, I will fell at
Public Auction, at my Salcsroolns,
On Wednesday, Juno 37th,
AT 1 O'CIiSlCK XOOX,
The lcac of tho property described as
A certain picco of laud and buildings
thereon, situated on tuo makni sldo of
Queen street, commencing on Queen
from the southeast corner of Quccu and
Richard Mi ccts, and lately occupied by
tho deceased Geo. Euglehardt. Tho
loatio hits two years to i un from June 1,
1688, and the rent Is $21 per month or
?252 per annum. There is n sub loato
of a portion of tho ptoperty for the
snmo length of time granted to W. F.
Shnrrn' at a monthly rental of $1(1, and
there is on this portion of tho ptopeity
a comfortable cottage nnd stabling fur
seven horses, with n largo njetcol land
bultnbh tor pasture.
tST'l'i'inn Cash, and deed-s it expense
of puiuhastr. For further pjrlitulau
LEWIS J. LEVEY,
72 01 Aurtloni'cr.
HAWAIIAN JOCKEY CLUB.
J OTICH is hei oby given that the ilual
entries lor ino Hawaiian ucriiy,
3? mile dnsh for U-vear olds, native
bicd. to be inn under tho auspices of
the Hawaiian .Tockoy Club on tho 11th
of Juno, 1880, will be closed on the 30th
of June, 188S.
Also, that nominations for Hie follow
ing laces must be handed to tho Secie-
nccompanled with entrance fee,
on or bctoic tnc uutn ot .nine, i&as.
"Hawaiian Dciby," 1800 foals
1888 Swconstakcs of 850 added.
bo divided as the Club may dlicet.
mile d.ish for 2-yo.ir olds, native bred,
10 to bo paid on nomination, and 15
on or befoie tho 80th of Juno, 1889, for
feit unless filled by payment of tlieic
maining 25 on or before Juno 1, 1890.
"Hawaiian Jockoy Club Cup," for
ISS'J Sweepstakes of 25 added. 1 mile
dash for 3-year olds, native bred, ,10
to bo paid on nomination, forfeit unless
filled by payment of remaining 15 on
orbefoic Juncl. 18S9.
"Hawaiian" Jockey Club Cup," for
1890 Sweepstakes of $50 added. To
be divided as the Club may direct. 1
mile dash for 3-ycar olds, native bred,
foals of 18S7, 10 to be paid on nomina
tion, and 15 on or before the 30th of
June, lflSO, foifelt unless filled by pay
ment of the remaining 25 on or before
June 1, 1890.
"Hawaiian Jockey Clnb Cup," for
1891 Sweepstakes of 100 added. To
bo divided as the Club may direct. 1
mile dish for 3-ycar olds, native hred,
foals of 1888, 10 to be paid on nomina
tion, 15 on or before Juue 30, 18S9, and
23 on or befoie Juno 30, 1S90, forfeit
unless filled by payment of tho lcraaln
ing 50 on or befoie June 1, 1891.
"Entries made after above dates
must pay double.
O. O. BERGER,
Secietaiy, Hawaiian Jockey Club.
70 tf ...
rniDDvna f t?-r:.i.. i.
J? U tlio uti.,i,nir " V (i
Hall" arc heieby notified,
that no freight will bo received after 8
o'clock A. ji , on the day of sailing
Per order, J. ENA,
Honolulu, June 8, 1888. 04
THE following animal
will be told at public
auction at the Government
Pound, at Waimano, District ofEwa,
on THURSDAY, June 28th, at noon: 1
bullock with red stripe, wire at the
nose, the tip of the horns cut, alco a cut
on the neck, white spot on the stomach
and tail, branded somewhat like , for
Dowsitt; fore and hind left lees are
branded with the same, and below is
branded with a peculiar brand.
Pound Master of Waimuno, DHtrict
of Ewa. 73 lw
Lectures by Mrs. F.' Williams
AT Harmony Hall, on "Halztc,"
"George Eliot," "Tolstoi," "Alar,
cus Aureliue," "Republic of Venice"
and "Schopenhauer;" Juno 20th, July
nth, 10th, 17th and 24th, at 7:45 o'clock.
Tickets at tho bookstores or the door.
ilterpress Cloth !
AS USED IN GERMANY.
FOR SALE BY
TO purchase or lease about
two acres land situated
J. E. BROWN & CO.,
SJ8 Merchant strict.
TF YOU , LOSE ANYTHING,
X advertise it in the Daily Bulletin,
Auction Sales by James F. Morgan.
On WEDNESDAY 27, '88,
AT 10 O'CLOCK A. 31..
At the residence of M. Leslie, lleictnnla
street, on account of departure,
I will sell at Public
His Entire Househ'd Furniture,
ItfgB Centre k Sofa But,
Vienna Chairs & Kockcis,
"Wicker Hookers, 1 l'eudiint Light,
Poles & Curtains,
1 B. W, Marble-top Bed'm Set
Kpiing it II i Ir Mnttraees,
Jlosrjul'o Net k Pillows,
lied Linen & Blankets, Ac,
2 Cots & glattrass,
1 Cano Pcltee,
1 Wicker Bottom Child's ('rib,
One Oil Range and Utensils,
Crockery & Glassware,
1 Filter, &c.,
lice Chest, 1 Meat Safe, &c, &c.
JAS. F. MOIiGAN,
Sale of Leases
By order of the Trustees of
His Majesty's Estate
I will sell at Public Auction, at my
Salesroom, Queen street,
On WEDNESDAY, June 2701,
AT 1! O'CLOCK. NOOX,
The Leases of tho following
Pieces or Parcels of Lands,
lerm of 15 Years:
1 House Lot on King street opposite
Kawaiahao Chufch, L U. A. 21,0, R.
P. 4'50 B, apina VJ, containing G squaro
chains, St) sitmuo fathoms, and S3 square
feet Upset price, $:;00 per annum.
2 Lot 5 at ICiipihulu, Waikikl,
apana b2. L. C. A. 85i0 H, !U acres.
3 Lot at Munoa. R. P. 180. 5 3(3-100
4 Lot at Manoa. L. C. A. 1C50. R.
P. 2593. 73 100 acres.
5 Laud at Monnalna, apana 2 nnd 3.
R. P. 420. L C. A. 1751. 83-100 acres.
6 Land at ICailua, Oahu, apana 2.
Graut2C00. D 75-100 acres.
V Land at Kauhaku, Kona, Hawaii.
K. i". yuau. U73 acres.
8 Kcopu 2, N. Kona, Hawaii. Part
of I. P. 3l48apaual.
9 Ahtipuna of Kauhiula, Hilo, Ha.
waii, award 15. R. P. 5711. Contain
ing T54 acres.
lO The Fish Pond of Pahounui,
Mokauea. Puit of L. U. A. 0460. 10
11 Fish Pond of Auanohoiki, Mo
kauea. Part of L. C. A. 1450. 18 2-10
12 Fish Pond of Annuohonui, Mo
kauea L. O. A. Of CO.
13 Seafishery of Mokauea. Part of
L. C. A. 0150. 200 acres,
14 Also the lease for 10 years of lot
at Punnhon. Section 2 of apana 2. R.
P. 5001. L. O. A 8241. 30 24.100 acres.
15 Lot 18 at Kapiolani Park for the
unexpired term of lease from the Ka
piolani Park Association.
Parties purchasing tho leases of the
Fish Ponds, will bo required to furnish
a bond of $500. for the faithful perform
ance of contract.
payable Semi-annually in
tho Trustees or to
rartlculars apply to
JAS. F. MORGAN,
AUCTION SALE OF
On FRIDAY, Jane 29th, '88,
AT lO O'CLOCK A. 31.,
At the residence of Mr. A. Vogel,
Punchbowl street, above tho Mor
mon Church, I will sell at Public
His Entire Household Furiture,
I B. W. Office Table I
Upholstered Lounge, Parlor Chairs,
Center & Sofa Rugs
Decorated Pendant Lamps,
Engravings & Pictures,
Parlor Confer Taule,
Bureau Washetand, Mattrasses,
Mosquito Net, Dining Table,
Dining Room Chairs,
Crockery & Glassware,
Kitchen Stove & Utensils, Etc.
JAS. A. MORGAN, v
78 8t Auctioneer.
FOR 8ALB ut tho Reformatory
School, by the bale or ton.
05 tf W. (i. NEEDHAM.
MR. J. M. Camaia, Jr., Is authorized
to collect for our account. Bpe.
ciul attention given to Portuguese out
standings, J. E. BROWN & CO,,
76 tf 88 Merchant street.
Jsr- - ?L