Newspaper Page Text
VjV:' . .-.,.,
tijnim"'twmmwM"t'J''J'"'l'"l":y.1; "y'!.L ''
tlUMIfll'O'l'l l"W fjUU tMXMvyifi'HS,l V I 1 J -U Ml fWiyW
. - .
BISHOP & Co., BANKERS
Honolulu, Hawaiian Island.
Draw Exchange on Hio
Btmlc o Oivlil'oi'Miu, S. IP.
Anil thuir nccnts In
NEW YORK, BOSTOr HONG KONu.
Messrs. N. M. Ilothscl, I & Son, London
Thu Commercial llai.h. Co., of Sydney,
Tho Coinincioinl Bank Co., of Bydncy,
Tbo Bank of Now Zealand: Anckland,
Chrislcliurch, nod Wellington,
Tbo Bank of British Oolumbln, Vic
toris, B 0., and Portland, Or.
Transact & General hacking Business.
Pledged to neither Sect nor Party,
But established for the benefit of all.
THURSDAY, NOV. 1, 1888.
Opium smoking and tobacco smok
ing arc pretty generally conceded to
be practices nhich mankind would
be bettor without. Neither lias
been wanting in defenders and ad
vocates; but still the practices are
regarded us vices that tend to de
grade their victims, although tobacco
Bmoking is practically looked upon
as a comparatively haunless vice.
The same diwb of people, however,
those of Western civilization, do not
consider opium smoking of the same
natiuc. It is voted the uiost' perni
cious in all tho catalogue of vices,
whose indulgence is productive of
evil, inevitable evil, and nothing but
evil. The oidiot has been unques
tiouingly accepted in the Occident.
It is a little startling when men,
whose professional standing entitles
them to attention, advance the con
tention that the viciousness of the
vice of opium smoking is gicatly
exaggeiatcd, and that in the major
ity of cases it is a "haunless though
foolish pastime." This has recently
been done in the "Shanghai Mer
cury" and the "Hongkong- Daily
Press." The last named of these
journals cites high local medical
testimony in suppoib of the position
that "ordinarily tho smoking of
opium is as harmless as the smok
ing of tobacco." The Colonial Sur
geon of Hongkong, Dr. Ayres, is
. quoted as saying "that opium smok
ing, held forth as the Chinaman's
greatest vice, is certainly not to be
compaicd in its evil effects, with
the European ice ol spirit dunk
ing." Dr. Ajtcs, who has had an
excellent field of study among the
criminals admitted to the Hongkong
gaol, sa3S the paper from which., we
are quoting, sliows conclusively that
the habit does not inteiferu with the
digestive powers. One of the men
who came under his observation was
seventy-eight years of age, had
smoked opium for thirty-five years,
and his consumption was half-an-ounce
a day. There is no special
treatment for opium-smokeis enter
ing the gaol : they are simply de
prived of the drug, just as a tobacco
smoker is deprived' of his tobacco,
and Dr. Ayrcs 'says he does not
think the suffering attendant on the
deprivation is any greater in the
case. of the former than in that of
the latter, if indeed it is so great.
He has prepaied tables showing the
i weight of the opium-smoking prison
1 ers at the admission and timing the
first four weeks of their confinement,
and the result shows that no ill
effects follow the sudden depriva
tion of the drug without treatment.
As Dr. Ayres says, a man of
- Bevcntv-cinht who can digest tho
ordinary gaol diet and keep Ins
weight must have his digestive
powers in excellent order. "Moie
ove'r, it must be reraembciod that
opium-smoking prisouors not under
treatment have tho ordinary rice and
wtjter diet one day every week,
which would tend to decrease their
weight; notwithstanding this, how
over most of thoso weighing under
a bundled pounds remain of the
average weight. It is
only leasonablo to expect that those
who arc above- the average weight on
admission should not add to that
& weight on a gaol diet, which, though
, sumcieni ami wnoiesomo, uuunub ue
said to be fattening. These tables,"
continues Dr. Ayres, "which have
been given for the last six or seven
years with my annua! reports, prove
conclusively that the opium-smoker
can discontinue tho habit at once
without any treatment whatever
and without any detriment to him
self, and that it is idlo to talk of tho
suffering which tho deprivation of
The "Daily l'rcss" continues:
"That opium-smoking is an evil
when carried to excess, or when the
smoker's means do not allow of his
purchasing the ding without dcpiiv-
ing himself of necessaries, admits of
no doubt. Dr. Ayics gUcs a list of
six lncji who weic the largest con
siliums received into the gaol, and
who had all habitually consumed
half-an-ounco daily. This is equiva
lent in value to thirty cents a day or
S'J a month. Only well-to-do men
could afford this quantity; but the
coolie will ofteu spend more than his
means warrant, and, passing his
evenings and spending his wages in
the opium shop he gets in much the
samo plight as tho laborer in Eng
lands who spend his timo andjnoney
in the tap room except that his
opium smoking does not lead 'to
riotous conduct in tho same way that
drink docs. But own among the
coolie class, only a small proportion
run to excess ; to the great majority
opium is a harmless luxury, which
their means allow them to indulge
in but sparingly. Over some few,
unfortunately, ths opium pipe exer
cises a fascination which in the ab
sence of restraint they find irresisti
ble. These arc said to possess the
yin, or craving, which tho author of
'Through tho Yangtsc Gorges' des
cribes as a vice analogous to dipso
mania among oui selves. In tho ab
sence of the yin, he says, all China
men will tell you that opium smok
ing is a harmless though foolish pas
time. The number of victims of the
yin in propoition to the number of
smokcis, is, we should say, much
smaller than the number of victims
of dipsomania in proportion to the
numbei of poisons who use alcoholic
Whatever may the be relative bane
fulncss of opium smoking and spirit
drinking, they are both productive
of great evil, and therefore to be
unfit to sib as judge or juryiuaii, be
cause ho has made up his mind in
fn or of one sido before even hear
ing the full evidence and arguments
of tho other sido. Do not deprive
mo of tho consolation to trust in the
high sense of justice of tho honora
ble Board of Kdiieation and of the
sensible public. They sec that in
dependent schools arc not in oppo
sition to the government, but lather
a help ; that all schools in fact, both
public and independent, arc intend
ed for the benefit of tho children.
1 cannot understand why the
"Advertiser" insists on haing tho
Uiblo as a text book in state schools
from which leligious instruction Is
excluded. I have explained why
Catholics object to it consistently
with their conscientious belief.
Have not we as good a right to act
accordinsr to our views as others?
My opponent seems practically to
agree with me, that the use of the
whole Bible is not fit for children.
He supposes a cry sensible teacher
guiding his pupils in the selection
and explanation of the most conve
nient passages. Now, as thete&eher
will naturally have his own theolog
ical notions, which cannot fail to
influence him in his teaching, such
use of the Bible would not produce
a multiplication of heresies, but it
would incicase the sect to which the
teacher belongs. Is this a fair solu
tion of the question?
What I said about the multiplica
tion of the sects, is the logic.il coti
sequonce of tho supposed inJepvnd
ent investigation (whicli no sensible
man practically admits.) If there
be something absurd, who is respon
sible for it? The absurdity lies in
the theory of independent investiga
Bishop of Olba.
Hon., Oct. 30.
surviving pirate n share on condition
that ho consented to point out
the spot, but with a threat that if
he did not dp so he would forthwith
bo handed ' over to the Spanibh
authorities. At a conceited moment
the pirato was seized by both cap
tains, and tho conditions named.
Ho nodded. They asked him if
he would indicate the situation of
tho treasure, lie nodded. Tlicy
asked him if thh was tho island,
pointing to tho neatest of thegioup.
Ho again nodded. They invited him
to step into a boat which had been
lowered and guide them to the
treasure. IIu nodded once more,
went below, filled his pockets with
lead and iron, and then going down
the laddcrt pushed off the boat with
one foot fiom the side of tho
schooner, and dioppedicot first into
the sea." This put an end to the
tieasure hunting; the chart went
Into the possession of the Spanish
authorities. Meanwhile the captain
of the Nereid, who holds or believes
ho holds the clue to the secret of all
this wealth, has lost everything.
Whatever may be thought of this
extraordinary story, what is beyond
any question is, that an English
shipmaster in Yokohama, at the
commencement of the present year,
set out iu a schooner, built under
his own supervision and belonging
to himself, to search for the ti cas
ino supposed to be hidden jnoie
than sixty years ago among the
coral islands of the north Pacific,
and that his crow lan away with his
vessel and have not since been
heard of. Possibly they, too, hav
ing some suspicion of the object of
the voyage, detei mined to recover
the treasure on their own account.
The story which is hcio siumhaii7ed
was taken down fiom the mouth of
the captain himself.
AN account (if
J pointed Mr.
Ill health 1 huvo nn-
O. Holto to lie my
agent and to IratiBict all my business
under full power of a'toriicv.
Honolulu, October 27, 1888. 8 1 lw
TAXES, 8 888.
tlll la Up
If OKI? fe4'A,KlflXQ'Jr HOiVOI-.XJIL.XJ.
Tax Collector's Notice !
District of Honolulu, Island of Oaliu.
HPAX Pavers In this tlisli let arc hereby
X notified that tho taxes of Hie cur
rent year will lie due and pavable at the
otllce of the undersigned, No. S18 Mcr
chant street, this city, on tho 1st day of
November, A. D. 1838 Olllco open from
8 a xt. to f. v M. dully. Any person dc
siring to pav his taxes boforo tho nbovo
mentioned date can do so at tho collec
tor's ofiluc as above indicated.
tSTAU amounts rcmnlning unpild
after the lGthday of December next will
bu Ihib'.n to an mldiliimal lOpercuit
and coals of tolkction
CnAS. T. GULICIC,
Thx ColKctor, Dlstiio'-of Uonnlulii.
Honolulu, Oct. 23, 11-83. 83-Ot 59 il
CS" BARGAINS -1 Now Lino of CffiT BAlinIN3-TSS
Lamps, Chandeliers & Lanterns,
At Lower l'rlu'b lliau ever bofoic. New luvolco of
r i nn th fUiTf o. rmwn
Tfovcllies ami FaneyGoodH, InliUvgoVnrlciy.
PIRACY AND HIDDEN TREASURE.
S.ivs "Littell's Living Age" of
Editor Bullei in: All true and
loyal icsideuts of these islands ic
joico whenever anything likely to be
of benefit to this country or its peo
ple occurs. The Chinese Question
is uppermost in the minds of all
those who have the welfare of this
countiy at licai t. Many ways liavo
been mentioned how to successfully
compete with the Chinese Problem.
To me it seems easy, for I say, en
courage white labor and white capi
tal. All our wntings and speeches
against the Chinese will not benefit
anyone except the heathens, if we
don't put heart and hand to the
work. Wc have an opportunity to
do this at present, in bestowing all
our p.itionage' on the Honolulu
Steam Laundry, whicli has been pui
cliascd by a gentleman, aheady well
and favorably known by the people
of Honolulu and the other islands,
namely Mr. Chas. Klemme. To as
sist in keeping up the industries of
these islands, to keep them in white
hands, he has spent his money in
purchasing this establishment. Shall
a white man succeed in our midst
against Chinese competition?
Bye and Bri:.
Honolulu, Oct. 27, 1888.
RELIGION IN STATE SCHOOLS.
Eiutou Bui.t.ktin: Tho "Adver
tiser" of the 27th inst. contains an
article in reference to my communi
cation of the 13th. Being an edito
lial of the Government paper it
seems to have a practical bearing
which calls for some reply.
The editor is not well posted in
Prussian affairs, since he thinks
that "Prussia has found good reason
for abandoning" tho system of de
nominational religious instruction in
public schools, etc. The fact is
that the general system has never
been abandoned, but merely modi
fied during the Kultuikainpf. The
Falk laws were enacted, not for a
good purpose, but as instruments to
force the Church authorities to ac
knowledge tho supiemacy of the
state over the sacred lights of re
ligiaus liberty for its people. The
authors and principal instigators
were mostly rationalists, with whom
our tespectablo Protestants of Ho
nolulu would scarcely sympathize,
except in tho opposition to catho
licity. In Prusslu, likoiu other countries,
there are people who claim unlimit
ed liberties lor themselves with
out showing the least respect
for tho moat sacred lights of
their neighbors; they claim even
the piivilego of crushiiig every
opinion differing from their own.
Tho writer in tho "Adverti6or"
seems to have well understood my
aiguuientation and its pr.ictical con
clusions. Ho at least indirectly ad
mits the con ectness of my reason
ing, bincc lie does not try to prove
me in en or. Nevertheless, he flatly
denies my conclusion not by any
logical deduction ; but for the sim
ple icaboii that the English-speaking
world will insiBt on excluding re
ligious instruction from thu public
schools. He does not say whether
that practice is tight or wrong. Pio
bahly ho supposes that might makes
riijlit. Our sovere Judge decides
likewise that the state will uovcr
materially assist independent pri
mary schools. I challengo liim as
Oct. 13, 1888: The "Japan Weekly
Mail" contains a report of tho ab
rupt termination of a voyage from
the port of Yokohama in search of
hidden tieasure. Tho Biitish
schooner Nereid had got from Japan
as far as Guam, a small island be
longing to the Marianne group, in
the Pacific Ocean. Here the Cap
tain went on shore, intending to sail
for Yap, in the Carolines, but o'n re
turning to where he had left his ics
sel he found it had been carried
off either by his mate or two Japa
nese, or by all three. These w ere
the only persons on board, and as
no trace of the vei&cl has been found
there is still tome mystery about the
affair. The voyage which was
biought to a premature end by this
act of niiacv was a curious one.
The captain had sailed in seaich oft
a tieasure which is alleged to have
been lost under these circumstances:
"In 1823, during a revolution in
Peiu, a number of wealthy residents
of Luna combined to dialler a bug
of three hundred tons, on which
they placed theii piopeity in money
and jeweliy, a laige quantity of
monastic plate being also sent off.
for safety. The intention was to
convey this tieasure to Spain. It
is said that there woic doubloons to
the value of 2,000,000, and a vast
sum in plate. But after the tieasure
was on boaul, and when its on nets
came down to the beach, they found
the vessel gone. An Englishman,
a lieutenant in the Peruvian navy,
hearing of the intended flight, had
gone on board with a chosen band,
and had cut out the brig within hail
of a Peruvian man-of-war. He
steered right across the Pacific, and
in course of time reached the Mari
anne Islands, where the treasure
was buned, and a course was made
for Honolulu. Before reaching this
port quarrels broke out among the
pirates, and tho lieutenant, with his
two oillcors, and a cabin boy, got
into a boat and left the crew, having
Ural set fire to the vessel. One of
the oillcers was murdered and
thrown overboaul, beforo tho boat
reached Honolulu,' where the party
lepresented themselves as survivors
of a shipping disaster. Tho lieu
tenant, before leaving Lima, had
been in love with a lady, the wife of
a Pciiivian officer who was slain in
the revolution, and beforo taking
any further steps with regard to the
treasuio, decided to send for her.
The cabin-boy was despatched as
his emissary to Lima; but on his ar
rival there ho was seized and im
prisoned, and the lady refused to
have anything further to do with a
man whom &ho styled a detestablo
pirale. The liculeiiuul and his sole
leiuaiu'mg companion accordingly
chnrtored a small fore-and-aft
schoonor. the Swallow, commanded
by ono Capt. Thompson, and pro
ceeded to the Mariannes for his
trcauuie. Thompson tried haid to
get a charter for a specified port or
poits, but the lieutenant insisted on
a. broad charter, including any or all
the Mariannes. Ono evening, when
they were iu sight of tho islands,
tho lieutenant, who was silling on
the lee-rail chatting with his com
panion, was, it is conjectured, tip
ped overboard by tlio latter and dis
appeared, tho usual alarm being
raised; but tho lieutenant's body
was never lecovercd, Thompson,
from sundry sciaps of conversation
which ho had ovei heard, suspected
the object of the voyage, oycihauled
the dead lieutenant's effects, and
among them found a chart of tho
island on which tho treasure was
hidden, but with the name omitted.
Soon afterward lie sighted another
brig, with the master of whicli ho
was acquainted, and proposed to
him to search for tho treasure and
(J. S. NAVAL CHANCES.
Past Assistant Master L. C. Kerr,
detached from the Dolphin, has
been ordeied to settle accounts and
place himself on waiting ordeis,
Assistant Paymaster James II.
Chapmau having received oidcrs to
relieve him and join the dispatch
boat and temporary flagship of Rear
Admit al Kmiberloy. Chief En
gineer A-. S: Greene has been or
dered to the Mohican, and Chief
Engineer Robert D. Harris detached
from her foiv duty in connection
with the construction of thu Jlonail
It is claimed that the Isabella and
Catawba "rapes both originated in
No.- SO. No. 10.
A Larue Aortinent of
HAVE .1UST RECEIVED A COMPLETE LINE OF
Lafe', Gits', I elites' Batig' Sis,
IN COTXOIS & WOOL.
STAPLE & FANCY GOODS.
North Caiolina, and wcte cultivated
there for-ycars before they became
known to fame.
Also, Ladies' Black Diamond Dye Hose
III future, Mrs. E. Small will ho prepared to do
Cutting' and Fitting:.
mii.j JjijjMii,i.uiMeg.-aR-.,rn!'T:'"i"rr"r- ', ...m-ii'" "-- -
OlWSZll li'OR eA.Xi!5
JUST RECEIVED EX BARK
" H. HACKFELD."
Galvanized, Corrugated & Plain Iron,
Urtlvani? (I UucUits,
Paint, White Lead & White Zinc
roii."i it '' L'li-iti
THE annual mei'ling of 'lie "WtiiUipii
riugnr Co will bu Unkl at the onic-1
of". W. Macfnilin O.. n MON".
BAY, Ntncmbi" fitli. at H o'olo'k noon.
,Wji. M. GRAHAM,
87 St J ' Sccraiaiy.
HOUSE to X.ET:
Cillery 1 Glassware i
A Liric" ami Vat ltd Aa-oiltucnt of
PATENT FILTEEPR.ESSES, .
FK03I SE1AJKO & IjANOB.
18 & 30 Chambers 18 &' 30 Chambers
Which hive proved a gic t biicr-im i.t LUmc, fl.iii.iimmlu, Kekaha, "Waimea,
IColna, lir-nln i l.uinh eh x, !u, i-ic. tind which are pro.
1 It'll vi li tli' l.vir-i lmprovtino t-.
v rr f
r -i .
"Mil! Hoiif-e nnd l,iomie
lately oioiplcil lij W. P.
:-rii Mice I M. Miuuic uii union
stii-ct i ml Adams l.nnu. The House
contains purlor, ' helsimms " ilTes'inj;.
looms hdliwuj, dining room pinlrynnil
kitchin Tli "iu N abu a ( o luce in the
jroumls villi '? room', yiitblc, ciniif".
houe nml teiviint's 10 in. 'I In- nl. ou is
in petfict (M(U-r. I'u-i'kIom giin ut
once Apply to
J. M. SWNS VU T,
87 tf No. 27 Mfifh'iin "iuct.
r M- y
-I I ool
E. 0. HILL & SON,
llni- .Iu t
Ul'C tMll C
A PARTNERSHIP has tliim 1 rcn
formed In cairj on the Eiifu'iigc
Express I5unines in' Honolulu, nmli-r
the firm name of I'Mirr fc fViupnny.
W. II. CUM MINOS,
Honolulu, Oct. 20, 1888. 81 lw
ELECTION of OFFICERS.
pilE following ofilrers wcro chosen
X lor Jlie ensuing year, at tho annual
mceiing of the Kohala Suear Co. held
in Honolulu, October 20, 18S3:
President S. O. Allen,
Vice-President.. Hon. J. Mott Bmlth,
Treasurer Hon. h. N. Castle,
Beet clary Hon. J. B. Atherton,
Auditor C. M. CooUo.
J. B. ATHERTON,
Honolulu, October 31, 1888. Br lw
ELECTION of OFFICERS.
Amealod Fence Wire, 4r5 & 6,
U.iK iu a I l'i 'mp,
Coipugili'l inn, assorted;
oilm Met.il .-ilieHtliinp;,
Wiia Knpp, aborted; Coal Tar,
Galva'a Ms & BiicMs !
UoxwTiu Plates, bheel Zinc,
Galvanized Sliett Iron,
Bags Shot, Castor Oil,
just ai rived ex Bark
fiuuur," fiom Boston,
AT the adjourned annual meeting of
tho Haiku Sugar Co. held in
Honolulu, October ?l, 1838, the follow,
ing oillcers vcro elected for tho ensuing
President Hon. H. P. Baldwin,
Vice President, .,non. S. M. Dnmon,
Treasurer. ..... . .Hon. S. N. Oii'-tle,
Secretary Hqn. J. H. Atheiton,
Auditor ,.E. V. Potoisnn.
J. B. ATHERTON,
Honolulu, October 31,1888. Hr lw
FINE ASSORTMENT OF GOODS'
In theh line, including
1 ill I JMlISiMSteartBk
iKlllili 111 VsM MwIPiJWMi
'Ij'JLiIitBBBiLljL- ZZZElJLiijClj lulllalMHlBJi! a
ALSO FOR SALE-
PARE PARTS OF THE ABOVE PRESSES,
DFilter OlotJi for tlie rsanxe.
83J C3&TAI1 For Sale Ubeau.-tBs lw
Dcsirot tn Inform his many friends and
the public of Honolulu in general,
that no lias puicluucu tlio
HONOLULU STEAM LAUNDRY
No expense has boon fparcd hi com
pletely renovating this establishment.
White lubor only will bo employed
as much as pobslulo.
Strict attention will be paid to wash
lug, eo "8 l0 piovont all Rough Wear or
Usago while undergoing the cleaning
Special terms for Families, Hotels,
Restaurants, Lodging houses and Ship
ping. Small icpalrs will be done free
of charge. Washing will ho called for
and dellveicd free of charge at any part
Guarantee rathifaction nnd no more
complaints to ba heaid fiom patrons.
Give u a tiial and be convinced that
wo mi nu biulncss, Hell Telephone 100.
Olllco. Qnten streit; Waikikl side ot
llackfeia & Co. Bell Telephone S08.
AT LOWEST It ATES BY
H. HACKFELD & CO., Agents.
On mmm of
: or ;
& ' BOOKS, STATIOm I FANCY GOODS
GERMAN GROCERIES, viz:
Sauerkraut mit Bralwurste,
Krbun Bpargel, Etc, Etc.
Norwegian Canned Fishes, viz:
Mackerel in Oil,
Salmon iu Oil,
Trout in Butter and Oil,
KishfriKadellfn in Curry,
Klshb.illB in Lobster Sauce,
ETC, ETC., ETC., ETC.
FOR SALE BY
Ladies' Work Baskets,
Wtuo, Opoiu &
In ritibh & Luathor; BUquo, OIiieh & 1'iiiliin
Maiino CllnsibCH, TolcEcopto,
HMiiwIc Boxes, Toyw, 33ool:. -AJLlbiims,
And other things too liuinoious to mention. AH tho above
Goods will bo oil'cicd at the
LOWEST PKICES EVEE QUOTED IN' THE KINGDOM.
flJSTTho aboo Goods nro Now, Fresh and of tho Latest Design, Laving
bpon impoiled ox jeeont anivuls ami were bclected expressly for tho (rado,
H. HACKFELJ) & CO.
rHE ONLY LVE PAPtK in
JL Honolulu "The Daily Bulletin,
CO gents per month.
r 03PH:w DES'vasnrxwos &
lOO ITort Sti'cci, Honolulu.