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DAILY BULLETIN" EEKLTStBOrATtTt HONOLULU, H. I., DECEMBER 4', 1fl8.
Mafr m ii nnf rr irniirn w nn i ntnin
KDITOU BULLETIN : It has now bc
corao a significant question, in a po
litical sense, as to w hleh vacc resid
ing on tho Hawaii t Islands the
term "Hawaiians" is applicable,
or whether Hawaiian do uot mean
all permanent residents of any race
or color. A few years ago thu
aborigines only were termed Ha
waiians; Imt recent important
changes in the inake-up of the popu
lation of these Islands, have render
ed the term in the original sense
Numerically, tho Hawaiian-Chinese
element, nlonc, has more males
than the aboriginal race can boast,
and the Portuguese immigiatils
number about one-half of cither.
Tho light complcxioned residents of
this kingdom, although compara
tively weak in numbers, are tho
dominant class ; and the changes in
tho saino direction aie still in pro
gress. The sentiment of Hawaii for the
aborigines is no longer piactical in
tho face of increased eonimunieajj
tions dud progress, and the aspira
tions of the white race to have the
Islnnds fully settled. The abor
iginal natives, already reduced to
about onc-tliiid of the total popula
tion, are steadily deci easing in num
bers ; and the melcs and songs, that
they sing in public, are but the
wails of an expiring race of man
kind for which thu world in its pro
gross has no further use.
Politically there bhould now be
the same consideration for all classes
of permanent residents upon these
Islands; except foieigncrs, such
as the Chinese, who cannot assimi
late with the people. Theie should
be no favoicd raqe or class, and
merit or lilness for positions should
regulate all Government appoint
ments. If a native is not so fit for a
position as a white man let the lat
ter be chosen theie should be no
favor of race ; as all arc aliko be
fore the law, so let them be alike
It is a well known fact that the
aboriginal races, of all the islands
of the Pacific, hinder civilization in
their localities, and the aboiigincs
of Hawaii are no exception as a
class they shamefully abuse trust,
and cast discredit upon any high
office that they are permitted to fill.
The objection may be urged that
the islands still belong to the oiigi
nal natives; but this view of the
question is more nominal than real,
and the political independence of
the group exists upon sufferance of
the leading powers. Supposing
that the aboriginal population of
these Islands was reduced to about
a dozen individuals, and the whites
had increased to 100,000 ; could the
Government be carried on in the
name of that dozen daikskins?
Certainly not I Well, the aborigi
nals still number about 20,000 ; but
is that number, of a very inferior
race, sufficient to have tho govern
ing power of GO, 000 foreigners domi
ciled in the Islands? It is true that
the Cabinet is composed of whites,
between whom and the king there
can be nothing but distrust; but if
political power is practically vested
in the Cabinet, why not make it
nominal also and do quay with the
expensive sham of native rule.
That these Islands will, in a few
years, be settled and governed by
people of the white race, is a matter
! of certainty which every well in
formed person clsarly understands ;
but is it 'not wisdom to anticipate
this futuie of the group, and bo
f shape the political policy of tho
kingdom as to picpare for its ar-
ij rival i
Among the many conflicting ques
tions that must be agitated between
now-and the next election, the above
are likely to be included ; and what
ever changes of policy aro resolved
upon they "will fall short of what
should be done, if provision is not
made for selling the lands with n
yeomanry that will cultivate and
make tho most of the waste places
abounding on all tho islands.
i A SOJOURNER.
"A Sojourner" is wrong in his
figures, if the last census can be re
lied upon. His reflection upon the
native race is decidedly unjust.
Editor Bulletin: An article
.. which appeared in your Tuesday's
issue under the head of "A lore
cast" and signed by "A-Sojourner,"
compels1 me to ask you for space
in the columns of your valuable
sheet for a few words as a reply on
behalf of my own beloved, yet dis
' VA Sojourner," in his article re
ferred to, handles us poor Hawaiian
aborigines pretty roughIy,,as jf lie
b'pljoves that we aro ignorant of
tho language he writes bis article
iri, .without tho least expectation of
its.bciucr perused and sat unon bv
In the first two paragraphs of his
niticle I fail to notice anything of
aupu account,, ana consequently i
iHve no woid to say in favor or the
But towards the end of tho next
Snaragrapu I find that lie has mado
xievy discovery, which ho applied
an uniauing sign oi uis iuio pro-
ihecy of tho near end of tho Ha
inan race. xxo says umv wiu
les and songs wo aro singing in
f)ub.Hc, arc? but our wailing for our
Sown expiration u(.yuru lung. j.im,
vnac can uo more Hiipersiuious man
Ii!h? Wlinn ii nnt.iva sioa a do
digging a hole or a hen crowing, he
rut say that it Js an omen oi a sert-
ous accident that will shortly hap
pen to tho owner of such dog or
hen, which ho believes to be true by
custom. But when he tells this to
a white man or n pack of sojourners,
a natlvo spectator standing by will
sec with surpriso what ho did not
nor will expect to sec. That the
pack of sojourners will immedi
ately put on a new face, viewing
their addrsscr with cioss eyes from
every direction, with a monkeyish
grin on everyone's disflguied face
of scorn. But this cannot .even
hold a candle to "A Sojourner's"
omen of omens. While the natie's
omen applies to individuals, "A
Sojourner's" applies to a whole
race, which, he says, the world has
no further use of.
I quite agree with him that there
should be no favor of race. And
only too proud of being promised
that tho native should have the first
preference of filling a public ofilcc.
But this is quite a puzzlo to me to
understand, what "A Sojourner"
means by saying that the world has
no further use of us, yet he gives us
the first preference to a public office.
His jealousy of the native Ha
waiian raco was not appeased by
only calling us darkskins, but went
on and put us down as "a very
, Now botli in biblical and political
terms, such an assertion is quite out
of place. Races may differ in the
one being civilized and the other
uncivilized, the one a Christian the
other heathen, etc. But calling
one race superior to another, and
the other verv inferior to other
races, is quite contrary to the law of
nature and of the civilized world,
that "God hath created all men
alike,' that Is, not one is superior
to the other, and only inferior to
angels, as the Psalmist says, "Thou
hast put him lower than the angels."
Onl3 this and nothing more.
In my opinion the landowner
should have the sole control of his
own affairs, let him be white or
darkskin. If a dozen sojourners
came to a kind-hearted darkskin,
who received them most heartily
into his home and gave them leave
to seek fortune on his land by culti
vating or by any other honest means,
do you think it is honest and right
that this kind hearted native should
be turned out of his land or beiuled
by these envious sojourners, on the
ground that he, being only one, can
not rule over many, and also that he
is inferior to them? I do not hesi
tate to suy that you will say, no!
Again if 00,000 sojourners can
not approve the management of
.affairs of this country, and cannot
stand being overruled by 20,000 of
the very inferior race, why not kick
the dust and go?
But, as at present all the manage
ment of Government affairs is in
the hands of white skins under the
banner of Reform, I do not sec any
occasion for such accusations and
unjust charges against the native
Fear of trespassing too much on
I remain, yours tiuly,
Editor Bulletin: A great deal
has been said about the stagnation
that now exists in almost all kinds
of trade throughout these islands,
and many reasons have been given
through the press as to the causes
of such depression, as well as sug
gestions for lemedying so unsatis
factory a state of affairs.
The subject is a wide one, and,
to do it the justice it deserves, would
occupy more time than is at my dis
posal at present.
It is nota dilllcultthing for corres
pondents to write in glowingterms, tel
ling us that, if capital wero used to
buy up waste lands, import labor,
and plant tobacco, coffee and other
products, an era of great prosperity
would again dawn on these islands.
The fact of the matter is, we have,
until a comparatively recent time,
been recklessly over-trading. At a
time when the price of sugar, our
staple product, was nearly double
its present value, wo went too fast.
Vast numbers of small traders, pos
sessing little or no capital, sprang
into existence during that period of
inflation. The value of money was
under-estimated and in consequence,
spent like water. With a large pro
portion of tho community, what aro
now looked upon as the veriest lux
uries, were then considered as ne
cessaries of life. Such a state of
things could not possibly in any
country bo of a very permanent na
ture. The diminished price of sugar
simply hastened the reaction that
The capitalists, and there are
plenty light here in Honolulu, are
not, as many would have us believe,
a lot of selfish imbeciles, but shrewd
business men, and, whatever may
bo said to tho contrary, would not
hesitate to spend money in these Isl
ands if thoy could but see any rea
sonable chance of adequate returns,
Instead of raving about the intro
duction of capital, opening up
doubtful ventures, let us look nearer
home, and economise in small
Tradesmen especially of tho
smaller class already alluded to com
plain that they are doing but little
business. Thu reason is not haul
to find. There aie too many of
them. Shut up one half of thu dry
goods stoics, grocers, saloons and
others, and the remainder would
have no reason to complain of hard
times and slack business,
Tho outlook for our super-abun
dance of small tradesmen is not a
bright one, there being but little in
dication nt present of any change
calculated to Improve their condi
tion. Tho credit system, inaugurated
no doubt in times of greator pros
perity, exerts a most baneful influ
ence on trade. The trader, in his
anxiety for business, offers almost
any terms ip customers, in order to
sell his goods, resulting, ns a natural
consequence, in bad feeling, bad
debts, and for himself,
a very pro
TrAder. bable "bust-up."
YOU BET THEY DO.
Editor Bulletin: The "Adver
tiser" in lis issue of yesterday
seemed to bo quite delighted over
its wonderful discovcry,thai; the
troubles of Company C, Honolulu
Rifles, had turned out as they (the
Adveitiser) supposed ; and went on
to tell lots of stuff about it.
I venture to say, that the "Ad
vertiser" is very much mistaken,
and knows no more about military
than mj-self. A company takes pre
cedence according to its seniority.
Tho Captain is a senior Captain,
again, according to Upton, "the
authority," Company C is a senior
company and holds the right of the
Tho "Advertiser" also nonsensi
cally talks about the "Luso's"
"pretended interest" in the Portu
guese Company O, (Honolulu Rifles)
and says that Company C, probably
understand the matter pretty well.
You bet they do, and to show it,
they refused to leave tuo armory on
tho 16th of November, when order
ed out to the shooting contest, and
it was only to please their captain
that they at last consented to go,
which I did not know till the next
day when they made complaint.
And I must say for the enlighten
ment of the "Advertiser," that the
"Luso" takes in this matter no
"pretended interest." Tho "Luso"
really and truly leads, represents
and defends the interests of many
moie people than the "Advertiser"
over did and ever will under the
present Clique of which it is the
organ and which is getting every
day smaller in numbers and weaker
To what the "Advertiser" mali
ciously says and insinuates towards
the end oif its famous editorial, I
make no reply, us there is nothing
to be gained by leplying to the in
sinuations and slurs thiown by a
newspaper of so low a standard.
The last lines, however, deserve
The "Advertiser" appeals to its
readers to confirm its denial of hos
tility to the Portuguese. This is
amusing, considering that the great
majority of its readers arc "in tho
Thanking you, Mr. Editor, for this
I am yours truly and obliged,
Editor O Luso Hawahaxo.
POSTAL MATTERS ON MAUI.
EditorBullltin : May Ithrough
your columns call the Postmaster
General's attention to the slackness
and indifference exhibited in the
postal department here, causing a
good many just complaints. Some
time ago in the Bulleiin I predicted
the iuconveniencies, which the ap
pointment of our po3tmaster to the
office of tax collector would cause
to the public, and it is now generally
admitted that I was light. This
week the mail from this island to
Hawaii was not dispatched at all.
The Lehua arrived at Maalaca Bay
about J p. m. on Tuesday, bound
for Mahukona and other ports. The
mail carrier had not arrived at Maa
laca, and no mail was sent. Tho
reason given was, that ho did not
expect tho steamer so early.
Eveiybody else here' knew that
the steamer would be in early
and the hacks were down in time.
Wednesday morning the Likelike
came to Kahului on her way to
Ililo, but the mail for Hawaii
remained immovable in tho Wai
luku Post Office. The reason
given was, that they did not know,
that the Likelike was going to Ha
waii. The responsible postmaster
knew enough though to be at Kahu
lui collecting taxes. That part of
his business he does not forget, but
scoing that tho mail carrier per
forms his duties, seems to be none
of his concern. Some time ago
with the consent of the Postmaster
General ho transferred tho contract
for carrying the mall from a party
who had performed that duty to
general satisfaction for the last six
years, to a protege of his, whom he
knew was not in a position to carry
out the work, being the owner only
of two hacks. I believe that the
Postmaster-General's attention at
tho time was called to this fact, but
that gentleman seems not to care for
tho postal service outside Honolulu.
The result is, that the mail carrying
is performed in a rather irregular
manner, the contractor asking Tom,
Dick and Harry to bring tho mail
up from Maalaca, as he cannot go
down twice a night, which Is uecoB
sary, when the Kinau and the W. G.
Hall arrive on the same night. An
occasional'inspectlon tour round the
islands by the head of tho postal
Bui can would certainly not bo detri
mental to the service.
That the offices in Hana and other
places are in tho same condition as
the Wailuku one, we see often
enough, as letters addressed to
Wailuku from these places fre
quently arrivo hero via Honolulu.
That the result hereof often is more
than au inconvenience, I can give
an instance of. A great deal of poi
ie shipped from here to liana, tho
amount of it differing each week.
Tho poi is ordered by letters, which
is supposed to arrive hero on Friday
or Saturday pcrLikeliko ; giving the
people hero ample time for getting
tho poi ready for shipment on the
following Tuesday, but by forward
ing tho letters to Honolulu although
properly addressed to Wailuku, they
arrive hi-re too late to have thu 1
orders filled, and the liana people
must go without poi, not to speak
about the financial loss to the poi
manufactuicrs here. If this had
happened only once, I shaultl say
nothing about it, but it has within
the last few montliB occurred too
often, particularly from tho Hana,
and Kona olflccs. We. hopo tho
Postmaster-General will look into
the matter and sco that tho duties
of the country postmasters are pro
perly performed, if not wo shall
have to join in with Dan Lyons, and
elect our own officials. I imagine,
they then will be on the alert, look
ing out for the re-election.
Wailuku, Maui, Nov. 30, 1888.
POSTAL CARRIER DELIVERY.
Editor Bulletin : Honolulu has
now advanced suilleiently to have a
postal delivery by carriers, the same
as other cities all over the civilized
world. Cities and towns in all English-speaking
countries havu these
conveniences; and even in towns
half the size of Honolulu, postal de
liveries by carriers have been long
established and are considered ne
cessary to the proper working of
postal facilities. Theie is no rea
son why our Post Office bhould- lag
so much in tle rear of pi ogress as
to have a general delivoiy only fiom
the window whore crowds of natives
congregate, and make an effectual
bar to applicants for letters whose
time is valuable These crowds
gather on the arrival of every mail,
and it is' just then that .people want
their letters. A postal delivery by
carriers would be very easy in Ho
nolulu ; and the extra labor need
not involve extra expense, as one or
more members of the staff could be
easily spared after sorting time, to
deliver such letters as were address
ed to portions of the city within cer
Of course, those having private
boxes do not feel the want of a car
rier delivery ; but those who have
none of these conveniences feel dif
ferently. Besides, "the delivery of
wrong letters to peisons of the same
or similar names would he avoided
by carrier delivery, and I am told
there is a good deal of that done.
The "effectual bar" by natives
at the delivery window where for
eigners get their letters, must be
confined mostly to the imagination,
seeing that natives and foreigners
receive their letters from windows at
opposite ends of the building. Ed.
A FLOURISHING COMPANY.
The annual report of tho Hawaiian
Commercial Company has been
mado public. The assets are $8,-
700,G89.50 and the liabilities 81,
019,325.10. During the past year
tho companv produced 10,694 tons
of sugar, valued at $915,093 58.
The expenses for the year amounted
to 613,935. The prospects for tho
sugar crop for 18.90 are good, and
the yield is estimated at 13,000 tons.
fS. F. Bulletin.
THE AUSTRALIAN TRADE.
A dispatch from Ottawa dated
Nov. 12 says: As previously an
nounced at a meeting of the Domin
ion Cabinet, on Saturday, it was
decided to invite Australia and Now
Zealand to send delegates to Ottawa
at an early date to consider trade
matteis and the proposed Pacific
cable from New Zealand to British
Columbia. The design is to divert
"travel and traffic from Australia,
which now go entirely via San Fran
cisco, to Vancouver, and thence over
the Canadian Pacific, and open up a
market for Cauadian manufactures
now possessed ainiost' exclusively,
so far as this continent is concerned,
by the United States.
A LETTER ABOUT HAWAII.
Mr. Thomas G. Carson, an Irish
gentleman, accompanied by Mrs.
Carson, spent several weeks on these
islands about six months ago, and
we.it from hero to Australia. Mr.
Carson is a retired lawyer who has
acquired a fortune by his profession.
Ho and his Wife wero greatly pleased
with these islands. An Irish news
paper, the Coleraine "Chronicle,"
in its issue of Oct. 6, 1888, has a
column and a half written by the
gentleman about this country nnd
its people. He says a great deal in
that space. A few slight innccur
aoics arc noticeable, but most of his
statements aie correct. Several of
our people aro mentioned as having
shown great kindness to the visitors,
The initials only are given, but any
old resident can tell to whom they
belong. Tho native people are
spoken very kindly of. About the
only unkind word in tho whole letter
refers to the newspapers. The
writer says "The rags published
here contain nothiug," We feel
half inclined to endorse this state
ment, but must say this for the
Honolulu papers, that our weeklies
contain more reading matter than
the Coleraine weekly in wh'ch Mr.
Carson's letter is published,
U. S. NAVAL NOTES.
Ensign J. B. Blish has been de
tached from tho receiving ship Inde
pendence and ordered to tho Vanda
lln, while1 Assistant Engineers J. M.
Pickrell and W. M. McFailand of
the Vandalia have been ordered 4
temporary duty at the island.
"Tho naval defense of the Atlan
tic and Gulf coast of the United
States" is tho chosen subject of tho
prize essay for 1889. Rear-Admiral
Simpson, Commander Simpson and
are life judges who will award the
Chief-Engineer Greene has re
potted as tho relief of Chief En
gineer R. L. Harris of the Mohican,
who was detached for duty in con
nection with 'the completion of tho
CHINESE IMMIGRATION TO AUS
TRALIA. The Western Australian Parlia
ment have decided to 1 educe the
tonnage limitation from one in 500
to one in 50, and' to exclude the
clause inflicting penalties on Chinn
men travelling from ono colony to
another without a permit.
THE S. C. WILDER.
The sailing (if the barkentlno S.
G. "Wilder was delayed until 1
o'clock this afternoon by. some of
her passengers. Mr. D. B. Smith,
Mrs. Webster and child, Mr.
T. Cummins and 2 daughters, Mrs.
Butcher, Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Wal
ler, child and nurse, nnd Master
High were passengers by tho vessel.
The Wilder was in fine trim for fast
sailing, and left the harbor in good
stvlc. Nov. 29.
A CASE OF POISONING. .
Early Wednesday morning, Mr.
A. M. Hewett, the newsdealer, who
sleeps in rear of his store called out
to Mr. Arthur W. Richardson,
United States Consular Clerk, that
he had taken poison in mistake. He
stated when Mr. Richardson arrived,
that he had used corrosive sublimate
for a tooth wash instead of alcohol.
Medical aid was at once summoned
and a stomach pump was used.
Shortly after 9 o'clock, Mr. Hewett
was removed to the Queen's Hospi
tal where he still is in a very critical
condition. Nov. 29.
A LIVELY CAME.
The Vandalias and Brownes play
ed the most interesting baseball
gnme of the season Sunday at the
park. The nautical crew was a fine
looking team, gentlemanly and earn
est, and good ball players. They
had an excellent battery and rather
outfieldcd the boys, but Brooks
struck twenty-one of them out and
they were unable to do good work
with the stick. Crane, the catcher,
and 'Martin at second, did fine
work, keeping the Biownea from
stealing second, six men dying at
that bag. James Cusick umpired
with satisfaction to all, even the
grand stand. There was the mo3t
intense interest l.iken throughout,
and the attendance was very large.
The following is the score of the
game as kept by Ed. Kavanagh :
BIIOWNKS. A.Ii. R. n.II. I". O. A. E.
Fan ell, c 5 2 3 22 0 0
Wise, b.s 5 0 1 1 2 1
Brooks, p 3 10 0 21 0
Holton, c.f -10 1 0 0 0
Colvin.l.f 3 0 10 0 0
Wiight, 2d b ...3 12 1 0 1
Wutbon, 1st b...2 1 0 3 0 1
Pincomb, 3db...4 0 0 0 0 4
O'D.iy, r.f 2 2 0 0 0 1
Total 31 7 8 27 23 8
VANDALIAS. A.B. R.B.H. P. O. A. E.
Crane, c 4 10 8 5 0
Smith, H.s 5 0 1 1 2 ,2
Sweoney, r.f 2 2 0 0 0 0
Martin, 2d b....3 1 2 6 11
Roney, 1st b....5 0 0 7 0 1
Rourke.c.f 5 0 10 0 0
Perkins, p ,4 12 3 12 0
Costello. l.f 3 0 0 0,00
Molher, 3d b... U 1 0 0 11
Runs by innings. 1
Brownes , . . ,0
0 G 25 21 5
23 4 5G789
Vandalias 0 03010020
-From Vallejo Paper.
Tho following tenders were re
ceived by the Board of Health for
the construction of a Superinten
dent's residence at the leper settle
ment, Kalaupapa, Molokai:
Alex. Burgess $2,300
Geo. Lincoln 2,800
Peter High . 2,175
And Jews & Kaaumoana 1 ,800
S. Kanahele.., 1,760
II. F. Bcrtelman 1,650
The last named tender was ac
cepted. A NEW ARTIST ESTABLISHED.
Mr. Howard D. Hitchcock, Jr., is
now established in a studio over
Messrs, Spreckels & Co.'s bank,
where he will be pleased to attend
to tho wishes of patrons of his line
of art. Mr. Hitchcock is a young
artist of skill and promise, ns his
productions now on exhibition in his
studio testify. Ills special line of
study is landscape painting, of
which he has several promising ex
amples at present on the casol.
These aro mostly of miniature size,
suitable as Christmas or New Years
cards. It should be understood
that Mr. Hitchcock's pictures are
fiom nature, and visitors will find at
his studio, placed on canvas, en
chanting island views familiar to
SERVICES AT CENTRAL UNION CnUKCH
and ST. Andrew's cathedral.
Thursday, Nov. 29th, having been
designated as a day of Thanksgiving
ami prayer special services were
held in the chinches.
CENTRAL UNION CHURCH.
The service at this church was
attended by a largo congregation
among whom was His Excellency
the U. S. Minister Resident and
Mrs. Merrill. The pulpit platform
was decorated with choice flowers
and evergreens and the organ front
was draped with American flags.
The choir rendered special and ap
propriate music and the pastor, Rev.
15. G. Beckwith, D. D., preached n
very able sermon from the text,
''Ono generation shall praise they
woiks to another."
ST. ANDREW'S CATHEDRAL.
At this church there was also a
large . congregation piesent. Tho
Rev. Georgo Wallace read the ser
vice, and the choir tendered in a
very excellent manner, Bergs Te
Deum in C, Sir John Staincr's an
them "Ye shall dwell in the land,"
and the hymns "All people that on
earth do dwell" and "We plough the
fields and scatter," Tho sermon-an
eloquent ono was preached by the
Rev. Herbert H. Gowen from the
text, "Then shall the earth yield her
increase and God even our own God
shall bless us.
BT THE REV. II. II. GOWEN AT ST.
Following is the sermon preached
by Rev. llerbeit II. .Gowen at St.
Andrew's Cathedral from the text:
Psalm 67, verse G. Then shall the
earth yield her increase and God,
even our God, shall bless us.
Psalm 67 was the harvest thanks
giving psalm of tho Jewish Church.
The feast of Ingathering or Taber
nacles was called by the Rabbis "the
Feast." HTor seven consecutive days
the caravans of pilgrims anived at
Jerusalem from every part, and all
the gardens outside the city weie
thrown open to accommodate, the ic
joiciiig multitudes. There thej'
raised the 'succoth or booths of
palm branch, olive and myrtle. In
the streets glad processions took
place, each person bearing the 'lu
lab or palm branch. Each day the
priest went down to biloam and
drew water in a golden ewer, and
while the temple tiumpets sounded
and the people waved their lulabs,
poured it out beside the altar. Well,
said the Rabbis, that the man who
had not seen his joy 'did not know
what joy was. And it was during
these festivities thai the psalm was
sung an anthem with solo, semi
chorus and chorus to an accom
paniment of stringed instruments.
Whatever may be the shortcom
ings of Judaism no one can say that
the vital connection between its re
ligious and secular life was a noble
realization of which alas, few exam
ples remain in the modern world.
In the ancient Church, as we may
learn from our Praj'er Book, it was
the custom for the whole people to
unite op the three Rogation days in so
lemn supplication for God's blessing
on the seed sown, and for the pros
perity of the nation in its ventuies
by land and sea. Then there were
processions round the paiish known
as 'beating the bounds,' signifying
that the town was walled about and
defended by the protecting power of
God. On Aug. 1st we have a 1 elic
of Harvest Thanksgiving in Lammas
Day or 'Loaf-mas,' tho feast of the
In many ways these old religious
customs have been dissociated from
the national life. On many hands
it is held that the march of progres
sive civilization can go on irrespec
tive of national belief in God or na
tional recognition of Him as' the
source of greatness. There is an
idea, that inherent in modern nations
is something which is to save them
from tho common fate of the nations
of antiquity, which grew stiong,
and in their strength grew proud,
and in their pride decayed and died.
True thanksgiving dispels this idea,
for just as love involves service, so
Thanksgiving involves dependence.
Without dependence and' the sense
of responsibility which dependence
brings, civilization is an unmeaning
term. The memory of this is the
only thing which can cnsuie to the
Anglo-Saxon race its exemption
from the falo of Egyptian, Greek or
Aztec. Power is delegated power.
The nation which says as Pilate, "I
have power," will soon learn by the
tern teaching of history, "Thou
couldst have no power at all except
it were given thee from above,"
while In the nation which like Solo
mon asks of the Most High wisdom
and grace, will be added glory and
victory and length of days.
And, to-day, as we thank God for
a nation's prosperity, let us remem
ber in what that prosperity consists.
Do we thank Him merely for ma
terial blessings, tho wealth of the
soil, the forest and tho mine? Is it
in these that the greatness of the
American Republic consists? Liebig
said of England: "The power of
England lies in her coal-mines."
That was only a chemist's view.
What is material wealth alone? In
Milan Cathedral lies tho embalmed
body of S. Carlo Borromeo. In his
hand rests a golden crozler, on his
breast a cross of emeralds, Can tho
corpse be considered as having
them? In the wreck of a California!!
ship a passenger fastened 200 Iba.
of gold around his waist, and went
down like n stone. Had lie the
gold, or had tho gold him?
A dead body cannot po'Bess pro
perty. Neither can 11 dead nation.
To a nation as an individual "tho
life is more than meat, and tho body
than raiment." And we pralso'God
for the nation's life not for tho para
sitical organisms which prey upon
its vitals, but the life which makes
the nntlon "heir of all tho ages in
the foroinost flics of time," which -moves
it 011 with purposo sure mid
strong towards the final goal.
'When llio war dum llnobs no longtr,
and tho battle flags tup lurl'd
In tho Parliament of mnn, the Fcdera-
tloa of tho world.'
Well, said Plato years ago,
"Tell them they have divine gold
and silves in their souls forever;
that they need n6 money stamped of
men, for through that which the law
of the multitude has coined, endless
csimes have been done and suffered,
but in thcir's is neither pollution nor
And again Geo. Herbert
Lift up your head
Take stars for money, stars not to
By auy ait, yet to bo pui chased. y
The real prosperity of n nation is
not what it has, but what it is. Na
tions have been great, which havo
yet starved among their iion hills.
Leonidas and his 800 Sparlans were - "
greater than the pampered millions
of Xerxes. The greatness of a na
tion is in the way it fulfils its re
sponsibility to the Arbiter of nil
destinies and tho Eternal Power in
the van of all civilizing influence.
And the feeling of responsibility
will mingle with our song of thanks-'
giving and harmonious note of
To mortal heaits is guarded by a
All loe fears loss, and most that
Its o 11 perfection."
In the very centres of our civil
ization in London and in New .
York under the very shadow of our
churches theie are deeds committed
and evils suffered which aro a
8hamu to our humanity. These na
tional sores are only healed by na
tional fcaenfice. We thank God for
the example of our foiefathers in
making bacrilice for the mantle they
have k-t fall upon us to emulate
their spiiit. Here we have greater
wealth than in mine or prairie. "The
greatest gttt a ntro leaves uib race
is to have been a hero." We praise. -God
then with our heaits and voices
for the legacies of the pasC, as well
as for the treasures of-- the present.
But we nerd to make our thanks
giving practical, to "show forth our
praise not only with our lips but in
1. Let our thanksgiving then
open our eyes, lest we allow evil
growths around us, wliich by and
bye will imperil our lite. Let us not
wait for effects but root up causes, -Let
our law be archie and critic as
well as restrictive. ,
2. Let it strengthen our hands.
What we shall receive in tho future
depends upon how. we use what we
have. "To him that hath shall be
given" if he use it. This is the
lesson of tho seed corn planted in
faith, to biing forth a hundredfold.
This is the lesson of our Lord's
miiacle where He used the 5 loaves
to feed a multitude.
8. And it should open' -our
hearts. See how it does this in the
Psalm The harvest of corn intro
duces the thought of a wider har
vest. The narrow Jew opens his
hoait to welcome the ingathering of
the Gentiles. On this day alone 70
bullocks overo offered for the 70
Gentile nations. "The nations shall
praise Thee, O God, yea, all the
nations shall praise Thee."
And is not this the case generally
with national thanksgivings as with
national sorrows? Did not the heart
of the world go forth to Victoria as 4?
she celebrated the jubilee of her 's
glorious reign? Did not the world
gather in.sympathy at the tomb of
those hcro-monaichs of that sister
nation of the great Teutonic stock?
Thus ever may the heuit of the
world expand, till nations like indi- .
viduals rejoice with those that re- '',
joice and weep with those that weep
till every barriei' is broken down
nnd all unite in the great building '
of thecity of God.
"How camo you Jierc? said another '
For you aio not of us. .
Let him -build, said the manter
It will never be built but thus."
Patriotism must never die, but wo
trust the time will come when na
tions will find, co-operation better in
tl(e long mil than competition lovo
bettor than rivalry, nnd Christlike
humanity better than zeal for a
party. There are battles enough to
fight against vice and crlrab. To
win these is the mission of all Chris
tian nations, and with tbU high
purpose before them they need ' j
never fear to drop wearily the lamp I
of noble influence, but "God shall,
bless them, and all the ends of the.
world shall fear Him," ' '
Are thero thunders moanlnc In'
Arotheio spectres moving In the
Trust thu Loid of Light to lead His
Till tho thunders pass, tho epectres
And tho Light Is ylctor, ami the
Dawns Into tho Jubilee of the Ages,
Denmark is an immense dairy,
The export of butter last year
amounted to 46,000,000 pounds,
and its quality is said to have been
excellent aud wonderfully uniform,
The business is conducted on fccien.
tiflo principles, '