Newspaper Page Text
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DAILY BULLETIN! HONOLULU, H. I., FEBRUARY 18, 1889.
School lion is Tenders.
the Trust in
How it was Worked.
Tenders will In- lccolvod at the
olliee of tlu' Uoaid of Education for
the const motion, including limtoiiitl,
painting, height, I'lirtae, etc., of
school houses, and additions, nl tin
undcrnanu'd places :
Fort Street School, Honolulu, an
addition, 2(1x20x12 fwl, until WKP
NESDAY, the (ith of .March no(.
At Waikapu, Muni, n Iioiim- 2(). 10
xl2 feet, with two looms; until WED
NESDAY, the 201 li f Mau-h next.
At 11mm, Ilunn, Muui, a house
20x'Rhl2 ft-pl, Willi two moms; until
WEDNESDAY, tlu- 20th of Clinch.
At I'okii, Waiini'ii, Kauai, a house
2020xlO, with ornnda; until the
20th of March next.
1'liuiB and specification'; of the
houses for Waikapu and llaou,ou
Maui, may be teen at A. Barnes',
Wailuku, and at .1. (irunwald's,
liana, and for I'okii, Kauai, at T. II.
Gibson's, Wainica, Kauai.
Plans and ' (pacification of all
these houses may als-o he seen at the
Otlice of (lie Hn.ird of Education
where any other information may he
By ouler of the Uoaid of Educa
tion. W. JAS. SMITH,
Education Olliee, Feb. 18, 1SS'.).
170 2t-d 7(i 2t-v
Correspomlaue of ihv Ik'U.tmx.
San Francisco, Feb. 9, ISS'J.
The statement previously made
Hint sugar importers in 2ew York
had robbed the revenue of So, 000,
000 annually is not an exaggeration.
The investigation continues". Two
more assistant appraisers in the su
gar department have been dismissed,
and Secretary Fnirchihl will soon
publish a statement giving his
reason for his recent shaking up of
the Appiaiser's olliee.
The New York "Herald" of Jan.
2U, contains a long article on the
sugar swindles at that port. An
ollicial of the Treasury Department
was interviewed and said: "It's
enough to make a man's head swim
to investigate this sugar business.
For several years past the importers
seem to have paid just about what
duties they pleased."
The ollicial then proceeds to illus
trate his meaning lroin the follow
ing fraud of
havi:mi:yi:k and i:i.ii:u.
"Not long ago my attention was
called to a cargo of 17,000 bags of
centrifugal sugar by the steamer
Holders of water piivileges are
heieby notified that the bourn for
using water for ungating purpoi.es
aie fiom G o'clock to 8 o'clock a. ji
and from -l o'clock to 0 o'clock v. m.
All those found violating the above
notice will be liable to have their
privileges cut off without fmthcr
notice. CIIAS. 1). WILSON,
Supt. Honolulu Wate: works.
. Honolulu, Feb. ."j, 1881). 105 2 w
'jc xi au
Pledged to ncitJicr Sect nor Party,
But established for the benefit of all.
MONDAY, FEB. 18, 18S9.
sails at 2 o'clock to-morrow after
noon for San Francisco, carrying
a mail which closes at the Post OHIce
at 1 o'clock. This will be a good
opportunity to answer letters re
ceived by the Alameda.
On Thursday evening the sixth
organ recital will be given in the
Kautnakapili church, at which, be
sides organ solos by the organist,
Miss Grace rotter, Signor Campo
bello and Mr. Clias, Tluower will
sing solos and a trio, and Mr. Theo.
Schmidt play a violin solo. The ad
mission will be fifty cents. The
recital and concert combined pro
mises to be a grand treat, l'rof.
Eerger will also assist.
CAPT. MORSE RECEIVES A
On Feb. 9th, Capt. Morse, the
popular commander of the Alameda,
who is a great patron and admirer
of all branches of sport, and one of
the oldest members of the California
Athletic Club, was presented by that
organization, with a gold medal. It
is the gift of tho Hoard of Direc
tors, and is a handsome piece of
workmanship. The California bear
and American colors grace the clasp,
and the medal also bears a figure of
a boxer, facsimiles of dumbbells and
Indian clubs, and last but not least
a faithful representation of the good
ship Alameda. The whole is suit
ably inscribed, the reverse side con
taining tho names of tho donors.
A COUPLE OF FIRES.
About half.past 10 o'clock Satur
day night the residence of Mr. E,
G. Schuman at Kapiolani Park was
burned to the ground. His brother
' Gus, upset a lamp in his room
' which started the lire. Very little
was saved. Mr. Schuman estimates
his loss at S2,000 and is insured for
81,150 with Mr. Jaeger.
At ten minutes to three o'clock
Sunday afternoon an alarm was rung
for a fire in E. If. Ilynn's boat build
ing shop, situated in rear of the
Honolulu Planing Mills. The Vol
unteer boys of No. 1 were first on
the spot and played on the iiro with
their hose attached to a plug until
the Coinpanys engine arrived. Three
boats and the frames of three others
were burned, also a number of
topis. The origin of the lire is un
known. Sir, Jlyan estimates hi-)
loss at 62,. 000 and is insured for
about $1,00. 'This is the second
time he has been buried out.
Arrccibo, consigned to llavemcycr &
Elder. It was all entered under one
mark F.,' and to pay duty at .!)
polariscopo test. I learned the
cargo had been picked up at l Cuban
ports, and knew that it must neces
sarily have been gathered from a
number of plantations and therefore
was of different degrees of fineness,
for no two makings of sugar ever
polarize at the same degree, and
every degree ol course means a dif
ferent rate of duty.
"When 1 demanded ot the con
signees the plantation maiks they
told me they didn't have them. You
can judge as well as I whether that
was the tiuth or not. 1 had to have
all the cargo overhauled and found
no less than 21 different plantation
maiks on the bags. The sugar from
each of these was tested and found
to run from l)." to 98, and the con
signees had to pay about 830,000
more in duties than if the sugar had
all been giaded the same at 9,"), as
would probably have been done had
the usual practice of the Appiaiser's
Olliee been followed. It was only a
rigid examination that saved this
S;i0,000 to the government.
"As to the other cases I found,
on inquiry, that the firms whoso
cargo 1 overhauled imported about
1,000,000 bags of sugar between
September, 1887, and May, 18S8.
And il a rigid inquiry required addi
tional duties of about .'J0,000 on
17,000 bags, what ought it to have
been on 1,000.000?"
The principal importer of sugar at
New Yoik is that illegal combina
tion known as the sugar trust, which,
apparently, will soon be broken up
by the courts. All the sugars used
by these refineries, with the excep
tion of a few cargoes of Hawaiian
sugars, that have been imported via
San Francisco, are subject to duty
according to quality. A low ap
praisement of the giade of Migar
would be to the manifest advantage
ol the importers, as can readily be
understood when it is stated that the
amount of sugar duties collected is
about 30,000,000 annually, the
laigest proportion of which is paid
at New York.
The Herald then goes on to refer
l'UNNY IlOSlSEOs AT SAN l'KANCISCO.
Decent events at San Francisco,
according to a gentleman acquainted
with the sugar trade in that city and
who is now in New York, would in
dicate that there has been some
funny business in regard to sugar
A cargo of Java sugar was im
ported at San Francisco by the
sugar trust refinery at that place and
entered at the Custom House, with
out the regular invoices, as polariz
ing at eighty-eight degrees and
being under No. Kl Dutch standard,
the duty at this rate being 1.92 cents
"Another San Francisco importer
had documents in his possession,"
he told me, "showing that, owing to
tho high grade of Java sugar, it
ceuld not be profitably impoited
into the United States, tho duty
being too high. The Collector of the
Port was notified of this fact and
caused an examination of the Java
sugar to bu made. The report of
the government uhemist showed that
the sugar had been artificially color
ed; that it pohuized from UJJ.fl to
98.1 , instead of under 88, as sworn
to at the Custom House, and that
it approached No. 20 Dutch stand
ard instead of being under No. Ill,
The difference in tliu amount of duty
between what was originally paid
and what should have been paid was
802,000 on a cargo of 9,800 shoit
now aiiout ni:w roitu?
"As 20,881) tons ot Java sugar
were imported at New York during
the year 1888 it is easy to see how a
similar low appraisement here would
have icsultcd, on the same basis as
tho San Francisco importation, in a
loss in revenue of 81110, 000 on Java
sugar alone imported at New York.
Might not the same thing have been
done here? The Java sugar im
ported at San Fiancisco was of such
high grade that it was found to be
subject to a duty of i: cents, in
stead of 1.5)2 cents per pound. This
is a very material difference, and
one would think that tho parties
taking oath at the San Francisco
Custom House as to its quality might
to advantage be prosecuted lor per
jury, if for nothing else.
"Nobody will believe Unit the
manufacture! s in Java had purposely
gone to the trouble of coloring their
sugar without the knowledge of the
trust lelinery so that the latter
in lull t obtain a large pecuniary bene
fit through the non-payment of the
legitimate amount of duties. If the
discovery of tho fraud had not been
made by the San Francisco ap
praiser, will anybody believe that
the importeis would have subse
quently made good the S02,000
difference in duties? As Java sugar
has been imported at New York, is
there not fair giound for assuming
that a similar course of proccduie
might have been adopted hcie, es
pecially as it is stated that sugar
frauds have existed in New York,
whcie the trust is almost the exclu
sive importer? An illegal combina
tion is not likely to stick at trillcs
where millions of dollars are con
cerned. A DANHUUOUS rill'.Cl'.DKNT.
"In this connection it may bo
pointed out, for the information of
the Secretary of the Treasury, that
the Collectorof the port of Sail Fran
cisco lias established a most danger
ous precedent. After learning,
through, the teport of the govern
ment chemUl, that an attempt had
been made to defraud the revenue
he returned the merchandise to the
importers upon payment of the ad
ditional duty, instead of confiscat
ing it, as he might have done by law.
llus leaves the door open for a suc
cession of frauds. An importer can
now undervalue his goods or 'salt'
his invoices, and it discovered he
need onty pay the additional duty.
If not discovered then he saves this
amount, puts it in his pocket and
robs the revenue. Under the Col
lector's ruling the impoitcr has no
fear of the punishment, by loss of
goods or otherwise, if discovered in
"The alertness of the appraiser's
department at San Francisco was
spoiled by a bluff from the tiust re
finery there" which threatened the
Collector with a lawsuit if he did
not deliver up the cargo of sugar.
The Collector w .aliened, notwith
standing the fact that the Special
Agent of tho Tienstiry at San Fran
cisco advised the seizure and con
demnation of tho cargo.
"To overcome the evil
the Collector's decision in this case
Sccictaiy Fail child would do well to
give a definite ruling as to the dis
position of all importations, whether
sugar or other liieichandisc, where
fraud has been perpetrated or at
tempted. The goods should not be
returned to the impoitcr and he
should not be permitted to go scot
"It will not surprise me in the
least to learn that the investigations
now being made in the Appraiser's
Department will show that the sugar
swindle, as attempted in San Fran
cisco, has been successfully carried
out in New York. If samples of
sugar importations leniaiu On hand
let them be carefully analyzed and
the results compared with the sworn
invoice values as entered at the
The San Francisco "Report" of
Fcbruaiy 81 li says that, at a meet
ing of the Tammany Society of San
Francisco "a very interesting report
was received from R. 15. Mitchell,
the counsel employed by the Tam
many Society to co-operate with the
Attorney-General to bring suit for
the forlciturc of the franchises of
such sugar refnieiic3 as had become
amalgamated with the trust. The
report was to the elfect that the suit
had been brought in the Superior
Court upon the relation of the Attorney-General
against the American
Sugar Refinery Company, which is
the only corporation on this coast
that has become consolidated with
the trust ; that the case would be at
issue in a few days, and that the
People were ready for trial.
"Sinco the commencement of the
suit Judge Uarrctt of the Supreme
Court of the State of New York had
rendered a very learned decision in
the case ol the people of tho State
against the Noilh River Sugar Re
fining Company, decreeing a forfeit
ure of the franchises of the corpor
ation on the ground that the privi
leges and license hud been surrend
ered by an amalgamation with a
syndicate of capitalists known as the
Havcrmeyer Sugar Trust. It ap
pears that each corporation joining
the trust surrenders its corporate
btock and takes in lieu thereof cer
tillcates from tho trust, tho face
value of which invaiiubly exceed tho
face value of tho aggregate corpo
rate slock, the excess leprcsonting
the bonus paid by tho trust for the
control of the corporate franchise.
After the amalgamation an agent of
the trust is put in. charge of tho af
fairs of the company ; the supply is
limited and the price regulated dally
by this agent of the trust. After
tho judgment was rendered by
Judge Rarrett, the case was appeal
ed to the Court of Appeals of New
Yoik, and pending this appeal Judge
Uarrctt has ordered all the property
of the corporation to be placed in
the hands of a receiver.
"The saino steps will undoubt
edly bo pursued by the counsel re
presenting the People in the case
against the American Sugar Refin
ery Company. The law seems very
clear that such contracts as tho one
outlined above are in restraint of
trade and therefore void, and that a I
corporation, the creature of tho peo
ple, entering into a contract in res
traint of trade exhausts ils corpo
rate license and forfeits ils asset to
the Stale. The suits against the su
gar corporations in the East were
instituted at the instance of Hie
Now Yoik Tammany Society, ond
the California Tammany Society fol
lowed Jthe steps of Jllio New York
society in employing counsel to in
stitute and prosecute suits against
the corporations belonging to the
trust on this coast.
"The leporl was leccived, and the
society was unanimously of the
opinion-that tho suit should be
pressed to trial at the earliest possi
ble dale. The Attorney-General
will probably be called upon to go
to Washington to argue the Chin La
Ping case before the Supreme Court
the lalter part of. this mouth, and
an cffoit will be made to have the
case tried before his departure. It
is believed that the suit will be bit
terly contested, the defendant cor
poration being a very wealthy one,
and the value of ils franchise being
popularly supposed to be worth an
amount of money represented by not.
less than seven figures."
The old San Francisco and Pacific
Refinery that belongs to the Trust
is being dismantled in San Fran
cisco. Mr. Andrew Welch, President,
and Mr. W. Rurr, Superintendent,
of the American Refiner , no more
have power or jurisdiction over its
operations, their places, salaries and
duties being assigned to Eastern
men sent out by the Tiust. Mr.
Rurr is endeavoring to negotiate for
the purchase of the Alvarado beet
factory, with a view to entering into
that branch of the sugar industry.
Mr. . E. Searlcs, jr., the Secre
tary cii the sugar irusl, has paid a
brief visit to Sail Francisco.
There have been heavy arrivals of
raw sugar lately : the J. G. N'oith.
Rosalind, C. D. Uryanl, Rosario,YV.
S. Uowne, Ida Schnaucr, from the
Islands; the ship MaoFarlane with
71, -12 I mats from Manila; and Hie
bark Dioue with 2,910 baskets and
2.G18 bags from Java and Hong
kong. This cargo is being stored
in the unclaimed waiehouse.
A very interesting point will arise
in the case of the American Refin
ery when a receiver has been ap
pointed by tho court. His duties
are to pay outstanding debts ot the
concern and then dispose of the
property. Rut sugar will arrive,
consigned to the American Refinery,
after the receiver has been appoint
ed. Planters will have drawn upon
their agents here for the amounts
due them, but who will pay the
drafts? The receiver of the Ameri
can Refinery cannot purchase or
pa j' for sugar other than what was
on hand when he took possession.
It will be his duty to close up the
refinery and not to continue its busi
ness. The agents of the planters
will not meet the drafts upon them.
The sugar will lie idle, and no re
turns will be forthcoming. They
need not look, to the Trust for any
consideration. Contracts with the
Trust are illegal, and the Trust will
have no more consideration for
planteis than it did for Mr. Welch
and Mr. Rurr, and no more con
sideration than when it falsified
New York quotations for the pur
pose of robbing Hawaiian planters.
There will soon be some knotty
problems to solve and your people
will need to do a poner o'thinkiug
to get out o' the muddle.
Mr. Henry W. Giey has been ap
pointed receiver of the Brooklyn
Sugar Refining Company under the
Supreme Court decision annulling
A New York paper attempts to
defend the sugar frauds there on
the ground that Roston importers
have all along been fools enough to
pay too high duties and that the
government polariscopes were out of
gear. This, however, will not ex
plain the damage claim swindles
when damages to 200 bags were
claimed on 2,000 bags. New York,
strange as it may seem, is insanely
jealous of every person and place
outside of New York.
Auction Salo by James F. Morgan.
IB. F. EELEES & CO.
On Wednesday, Fob. 20lh,
AT 10 OTtlK'Il A. M
At the icddcnro of K l,can, Ik-retnnlu
Mrcet (opposite the leslilenro "f 'P.O.
Tin tun), 1 will -oll at Public Auction,
The Entire Hoiiseh'd Furniture,
JB. W. 23oolcefe?e,
Wicker Itockcrs, Velvet Rockers,
Bovolcd Plrttcd Glass Mirror
Perorated Hanging Lamp,
Clipper Spring Jliiltrasscs,
(Monlero, Meat Safe, Ice Chest,
Kxtunslnn Dinlnji Table,
Dinnim; ltoom Chairs,
CROCKERY & GLASSWARE,
1 Wilon Sewlnp Mtichinu,
Stove & Kitchen Utensils, Etc.
HAVING TAKUN STOCK AND ARK OFFERING
All Goods at Greatly B,educed Prices I
Sl'KOlAR 15ARUAINS OF
Remnants in All E?epartments
JAS. F. MORGAN,
W lit Auctioneer.
Just Received a Flush Lot of
DIAMOND DYE BLACK HOSE !
Paia Sflffar Stock !
On Friday, Rflareh 1st,
AT l!i OTI.OCIt XOOW.
At my iili'TO' in, Queen strrcl, I will
s-i'll nl 1'iii'lio Auction, for tic-
count of whom it may
FOR ONE WEEK
-WE WILL SELL FOR ONE WEEK-
82.50 Parasols foi 81.2a.
Our $3.50 Parasols for $2.00.
Our $1.50 Parasols for
Our $5.50 Parasols for
its? orEJ wiESjaxs: oiN"isr $
Jnt received a fnsh supply of ihis
favorite draught lieer
J.-'Olt feAJ..10 AT
Similar Reductions in -Ladies' Hats, Embroideries and Laces.
NOW IS YOUR TIME TO PURCHASE
Tlese Prices m paritee for Ose f eek Oily !
CHAS. J. FISHEL,
The I,ea dii 1.1V jMilliucry House.
17 - lw
l lll'.Khi "i i HMC
y t nas tins (lav nmu-
of Pain, Maui,
meat of liU pioprrty to tin; undersigned
for the benefit of his creditors, notice is
hereby given to U paitics owing said
F. Hose to make immediate payment,
and tiny persons having claims against
F. lto'-c lo present them to the under,
signed within six mouths from date or
they will ho forever Inured.
Ed IIOKFSCIILAKGEK & CO.
Honolulu Feb. 13, 18-1I 17G 3t
anntliei laio s-liipiiienl of that Cukbiated Draught Beer
by thu Sluaiiu-r "Aut-lralia."
AI ItS. STEVENSON,
ill. mid Indies'
lotto Lying in
inn t-:e. I i-stimoiiiiils
xpciienci! nl Qiii'eu Cliur.
llo.iiuui, i.omion. Utlicr
l-kunhi not olijeue'l to, licsutciirc,
"Joiiluu llotifao," School street P. O.
llox -m; Mutual Tele. Hill. 17(1 am
WILLIAM FOSTER -Attorney.
t? ui-l.uw & Notary Public Hono.
lulu 167 2w
It is a Clear, Coel ai Iwipratii Eeraate
DODD & MILLER
A FEW piivnte pupils, in any of the
classical or sciintillc studies, by
an eNpeiionced teacher. Tcims rcaton
able. Address "L," DuM.nTiK Olliee.
COTTAGK, corner Kinau
given after March
W. O. ATYVATKR,
Honolulu Iron WorKe.
. y p MiftyA,
l-'INE Colt, 3 years
old: ncrfectlv sound
mid in pnnil cnnililinti
$ broken to Middle. Apply
W. W. NEEDHAM,
At O. HtiBtaee grocery store.
rilllE adjourned animal meeting of
X the hii)ckliol(lei3 ol the Kapiolani
Pail; Awociation will beheld on YVKJ).
NKSDAY, thu iiOih inM., at 10 a. m , at
the rooms of the Chamber of Coinineicc.
A. S. OLEGUOKN,
17-2 Id Pi indent.
rrMIB annual meetiiit! of Iho block
ju holdeis of thu Ilawilluti Carrhge
Manufacturing Company, will bo held
on WEDNESDAY, February 0, 168 ,
at 2 i'. M.,nt the olllpo of V. O. fcimltli,
yeeietary, DO Foil street.
Uy older of thu Uoaid of Direclois.
W. O. HMITII,
Honolulu, Feb, in, 18S9. tjioretnry.
ISK nilllltillrii' li'W iimvi.il Iwii- inlllt.
llJ. uery biiblnesb to tho tihico latolv
occupied by I'. Midnciy, next to Gomes
A; YVit'hiniiii, Fort street, near Klnir.
EED Durook and Du.
lock and Berkshire
Pigs, from $10 to $20 a
pair, accoidiiiL' to sle.
Hell Telephone, .JO!!; Mutual Telephone
Mil. JAS. MEItSEBUllG,
172 lw Walimimilo, Koolaupnko.
ALL persons having elulinj ngniiut
Miv. Nancy 8. Ellis lire requeued
to EOiul them in to Mr. A.J. Cartwright,
with u view to settlement.
Honolulu, Feb. (1, 1H8II. inc 2w
.. i .... iwniw iww IMMt
101 FORT STKEKT, IfOKOIillliU.
-IMI'qUTKKS Ji DKAU:ilH IN-
American & European Drugs & Chemicals
Perfumery and Toilet Articles I
Agents for P. Lorillard it Co.'s Tobaccos, & W. S. Kimball St. Co.'b
Tobacco and Cigarettes.
Aerated Water Works - - - 73 Hotel Street.
ALL parties owlnp; to V, S. Lu
to January at, 1681), are here
here) V r.
quested to iniiko lmnibdliitu payinu t,
Mr. Frank Hiown, Merchant Btreet, tf.
merly A. M. Ilewetl's), who is am..
rizeil to icceipt for all nioiieyb p,.id
J. F. IIAOKFELD,
Absences of YV. S. Luse.
Honolulu, Jan. til, 1889. 101 lm
I F YOU FIND ANYTHING!
JL advertise it lu the Daily Rullktim.
Ij'Olt'L" Sa-XtlfSlfl-X", HONOLULU.
JST BARGAINS !
New Lino of
SST BARGAINS -m
Lamps, Chandeliers & Lanterns,
At Lower Prices thnn ever before. New iniolce of
SHELF-HARDWARE, PLOWS & GEE IRCHAIISE.
NovolticH urnl ITuiiey C3oo1h, Iu Ijiirpjo Variety.
'M& 4 AV&
. j-PtSW' J...
f j ?
- i . . -
"U v " i ..& . .
v ?riJ$&VM T
is. ijUi i uS-Aw Mtiirx 'W , & J'