Newspaper Page Text
J a .
BV AUf ilORIfY.
i rl - : i i 1 1 1 i
The time for receiving oaleil ten
ders for widening tho Lowci Nuunnu
Bridge has been extended to MON
DAY, June 10th, 1889, nt 12 o'clock
L. A. THURBTON,
Minister of the Intorior.
Interior Office, Juno 3, 1880.
Pledged to neither Sect nor Patty,
But established for the benefit of all.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 5, 1889.
Strong opposition has developed
against the British Government's
toil! giving effect to the Sugar Boun
ties Convention, and its consider
ation has been postponed until June
20th. Tho high condition of the
augar market, it is probably feared,
will be enhanced by the operation of
the treaty. The Opposition arc join
ed by their old friends the Liberal
Unionists in opposing .ratification of
The Minister of Interior informs
us that the red light was only tried
as an experiment on the Honolulu
lighthouse, but as its color was
neutralized by the effect of the
electric lights it was not ndopted.
If the red light was continued be
yond the night of 'its trial, it was
without any authority from the In
terior Department. Mr. Thurston
has given much time, thought, and
personal attention to tho harbor
light, in the endeavor to have it
made satisfactory to pilots and
CHINESE EXCLUSION UPHELD.
An important decision of the Su
preme Court of the United States
was rendered by Mr. Justice Field
on May 13th, sustaining the legality
of the Chinese Exclusion Act of
Congress, passed in 1888, known as
tho "Scott law." The case came
up on appeal from a decision of Mr.
Justice Sawyer of the United States
Ciicuit Court for the Northern Dis
trict of California, refusing to re
lease the appellant, Chae Chan
Ping, on a writ of habeas corpus
from his alleged unlawful detention
by Captain Walker, master of the
steamship Belgic, lying within the
harbor of San Francisco. This Chi
naman had lived in San Francisco
twelve years, leaving for home in
1887 with a certificate entitling him
to return to the United States, pur
suant to the provisions of the res
triction law of 1882 as amended in
1881. The Collector of San Fran
cisco refused the return permit on
the ground that under the Act ap
proved October 1st, 1888, the cer
tificate had been annulled and its
holder's right to land in the coun
try abrogated. It may be mention
ed that the Belgic arrived in San
Francisco only seven days after the
approval of the Act.
As the appeal assailed the validity
of the Act of 1888, as being in
effect an expulsion from the country
of Chinese laborers in violation of
existing treaties between the United
States and the Government of China,
and of right8vested in them by laws
of Congress, the Supreme Court re
views the treaties together with
legislation effected under them. Tho
first treaty between the United
States and China was made in 1814,
to establish mutual friendly relations
and to sccuro for citizens of the
United States similar privileges in
China to those acquired for British
subjects by treaty in 1842 after a
war between Great Britain and
China. Thistreaty was negotiated
by Caleb Cushing on the part of the
United States. The British treaty
having failed to secure protection of
British subjects in China, the two
countries were at war ogam in 1850.
Great Britain 'and France joined in
an effort to sccuro from China,
among other things, a recognition of
the right of other Powers to be re
presented there by accredited min
isters. Great Britain requested of
the President tho co-operation of
the United States in this movement,
but the President declined the pro
position on tho ground that it would
involve participation in hostilities,
.and Congress alone liacUhe right to J
takts wtullU fcbtton. tl watt uSemfcd
expedient, however, to send to
China a Minister Plenipotentiary to
watch American interests. William
B. Reed of Philadelphia nas sent in
that capacity, and through him was
negotiated a now treaty which was
ratified in August of 1858. Neither
of the treaties mentioned in tho fore
going touched the questions of im
migration and emigration between
the two countries, but in 1808 a
great change in the relations of the
two countries in that respect wns
made. In that year a mission of
distinguished functionaries from
China went to Washington, headtd
by Anson Burlinghamc, an eminent
citizen of the United States who hud
at one time represented his country
as Commissioner to China. This
mission resulted in the addition of
eight new articles to the treaty of
1858. The contracting parties re
cognized, in the revised treaty, the
right of man to change his home
and allegiance, and "the mutual ad
vantage of the free migration of
their citizens and subjects respec
tively from the one country to the
other for the purpose of curiosity,
of trade, or as permanent resi
dents." Involuntary migration or
emigration was forbidden. Citizens
of the two countries were granted
privileges in each other's country
the same as enjoyed by citizens or
subjects of "the most favored na
tion," but (this remark is not from
the decision) certain specific privi
leges are one-sided in favor of China
in that her subjects enjoy them
throughout the United States, while
citizens of the latter have corres
ponding privileges only "within the
empire of China at those places
where foreigners are by tieaty per
mitted to reside."
The Court proceeds to review the
course of events which made it ap
parent to many in the United States
that the Burlinghame treaty had
opened the doors too widely to Chi
nese immigration. Chinamen had
flocked in great numbers to Califor
nia on the news of the gold discov
ery in 1848 reaching their country.
They readily secured employment,
being only opposed in attempts
to go into geld mining. As their
numbers still increased they began
to engage in various mechanical
pursuits and trades, coming in com
petition with Caucasian mechanics
as well as laborers in the field.
Every steamer from China brought
fiesh crowds, and a formidable agi
tation against theincursions on the
Pacific Ceast was voiced in a memo
rial presented to Congress in 1879.
This action ultimated in a mission
being sent to China to act with the
resident minister in procuring a mo
dification of the treaty. This was
accomplished, a supplementary
treaty being ratified in 1881, which
gave the United States permission
to "regulate, limit or suspend"
the comingor residence of Chi
nese laborers. Under this the Act
of 1882 suspending Chinese immi
gration was passed, former Chi
nese residents being exempt from
the prohibition. Evasions of this
Act proving to be both feasible and
persistent, an amendment increas
ing the stringency of the law was
passed in 1884. Even with this
amendment the law proved ineffi
cient to prevent admission of Chi
nese upon fraudulent return certifi
cates. Therefore, in 1888 an Act
was passed prohibiting all Chinese
laborers who had lived in the Unit
ed States and dcpaitcd out of the
country from returning to the Unit
ed States, and stopping entirely the
issue of return certificates.
Judge Field, having stated the
course of treaties and legislation,
meets squarely in tho face the con
tention that the exclusion law is in
violation of treaty obligations, say
ing at the outset: It must be con
ceded that the Act of 1888 is in
contravention of the express stipu
lations of the treaty of 18G8 and of
the supplemental treaty of 1880;
but it is not on that account invalid
or to be restricted in its enforce
ment. The treaties were of no
greater legal obligation than tho Act
of Congress." Legislative enact
ments and treaties are by the Con
stitution declared to be "the su
preme law of the land, and no para
mount authority is given to one
over tho other." Legislation is ie
quired to give a treaty effect, a
treaty operating by its own force is
only equivalent to n legislative Act,
and "in either case tho last expres
sion of tho sovereign will must con
trol." "It will not be presumed
that the legislative department will
lightly puss laws which are in
U k U & ifeUU
KW.Jt WJAJ,M.lm . XVUKiVUKlUUi ki A
fcb&lllcl Will the ItbaUes bf lllC
county ) bill that clrcmiiatanccs
may nriso which would not only
justify the Government In disre
garding their stipulations, but de
mand in tho interest of the country
that it should do so, there can bo no
question." Tho Court cites tho
abrogation of its treaty witli France
by the United States Government in
1798. The decision, in establishing
tho supremacy of the Government
over all political affairs of the na
tion, quotes communications from
the State Department, in vaiious ad
ministrations, in which like domes
tic powers are conceded as the un
doubted right of other nations. "If
there be any just ground of com
plaint on the part of China," the
Court says, "it must bo made to
the political department of our Gov
eminent, which is alone competent
to act upon the suggestion." In
arguing that the concession of the
right to exclude aliens would be a
surrender of national independence,
Judge Field saj's: "To preserve its
independence and give security
against foreign aggression and en
croachment is the highest duty of
every nation and to attain these
ends nearly all other considerations
are to be subordinated. It matters
not in what form such aggression
and encroachment come, whether
from a foreign nation actinc in its
national character, or from vast
hordes of its people crowding in upon
us." In conclusion the decision
points out the difference between
mere personal rights and tho pro
perty rights of aliens acquired under
a treaty. A former decision is
cited in which it was declared that
the repeal of a treaty no more af
fected property rights acquired un
der that treaty than the repeal of" a
municipal law affected the rights
acquired under it. Judge Fiold
puts the principle in these words:
"Between property rights not affect
ed bj' the termination or abrogation
of a treaty and expectations of bene
fits from a continuance of existing
legislation, there is as wide a differ
ence as between realization and
ii".iu.iiii .1 ii-uii.HL .
WANTED A DOCTOR.
Editou Bulletin: I wish to ask
the President of the Board of
Health through the medium of your
paper, when we shall be supplied
with the services of a physician
We have now been without one for
some months, while serious cases
requiring medical care have occur
red right in this neighborhood. One
Portuguese woman has been and is
lying with a broken arm, an em
ployee of the Hawaiian Agricultural
Co. had the other day to cairy his
child a distance of fifteen miles for
the advice of Dr. Oliver (who is not
able to leave his home owing to
serious and prolonged illness), and
the child will doubtless have now to
be taken to Honolulu to get the re
quisite medical attendance.
Much indignation is expressed
through the district at the tardiness
of the Board of Health and remarks
are not lacking, such as this: "It
would not have been the case under
tho Gibson regime," and others of a
like nature, not complimentary to
the powers that be in Hawaii nei.
Pahala, Kau, Hawaii, June 2.
AN INTERESTING LETTER.
Below is a specimen of the man'
letters received by the publishers of
the Paradise of the Paoific:
Messrs Willames & Taler gents I
am verry thankfull for the paper you
sint me but you have no idea how
much sensateon your paper created
in this town state, pleas send me
prices of your paper per year and I
will take it I can do your country
sum good if I can get the Right
King of inteligent and pichure if
you will sind me a 10 or 15 paper I
will gave thim to our reporters Uub
will cause menny tourerest to come
ther your res
II . C .
P. S. I written to McsSrs King
bros 80 Hotel st for picture. I hop
you Press in thear minds this is a
great boom for II. I. I will close
and depend you.
BOOKED TO LEAVE.
The following aic booked to leave
on the S. S. Umatilla, Juno 7 J. N.
S. Williams, Mrs. F. E. Eaton and
child, Miss Dressier, P. Peck, Geo.
H. Spalding, E. J. G. Bryant, Miss S.
V. Hopper, Mrs. 11, Strcubcok and
child, Dr. A. B. Carter, wifo, child
and servant, II. W. Schmidt and
wife, Mrs. Kennedy and child, Miss
M, Mclntyro, W. L. Dccoto and wife,
Miss A. Peterson, Mrs, J. A. Hoppor
and daughter, Rev. W. II. Bnrnes,wife
and child, R. W. McChcsnoy, Flunk
P. Hastings and wife, T. W.JIobron,
Capt. Hobron and wife, Miss Emma
C. Smith, J. T, Waterhouso and wife,
Hon. Geo. II. Dole, wifo and 10 oldl
dren, Hon. P. N. Makce, Misses
Mersoborg (2), Hon. II. P. Baldwin,
Mrs. Twecdio, O. Livingstono, wifo
and family, Mrs. D. Noonnn, J. W.
Luning and wifo, Miss Pierpe, Job,
Andrews, G. H. Foster, T. 0. Ford,
J. M. Pickroll, U. S. N., W. O. Faulk
ner and wifo, Mrs. Dr. Tucker, J,
Maitin and wifo, Mrs. F. L. Winter,
Mrs, J. Suthotluml, 2 ohildren and
.idiaUif j ih UA ki i.4 1 is L
"' - ". ' ''. '.m..
06L0HIAL MW8. .
Members of the No South Wales
Parliament arc to be paid for their
services in future
Queen Victoria has declined the
request of Sir II. Loch to sit for
her portrait for the Colony of Vic
toria. A London despatch says five
thousand sovereigns which wore
shipped on the Thovia at Sydney
proved to have been stolen on the
passage. It is believed that they
were taken during the ship's stay at
In the British House of Commons
Mr. IIcnniker-Hcftton has given no
tice to ask the Government why
they refuse to join in subsidising
the Australian cable lines.
Owing to the fall in the price of
copper, the wages of minors at the
Monita mine in Victoria have been
reduced, and n strike is threatened
which will involve a thousand men
The direct mail steamer Ionic,
which left Lvttlcton. N. ., May
2nd, for London, arrived back un
der sail on the 13th witli crank shaft
broken. Her mails were sent by
the Zealandia to go by San Fran
cisco. Archdeacon Farrar, preaching in
Westminster Abbey, London, re
ferred to the collos.il growth of Aus
tralia, declared that before the
century closed the responsibility of
England would embrace one-fourth
pait of the entire human race. He
deplored the indifference of states
men to the political connection of
Ihe exports f New Zealand for
the year show an enormous increase.
It is expected that if the last quar
ter equals the first the total will be
fourteen millions, as compaied with
eight millions for last year.
The German Government will
take over the administration of Ger
man New Guinea.
Iionfoundcrsare on strike at Bal
The printers' strike at Biisbane
continues. A co-operative job
printing office has been started by
the strikers, and a daily paper in
opposition to the Telegraph is be
A strong pull is being made to
secure IMble teaching in the schools
of Victoria, with a conscience clause
for the benefit of objecting parents.
THE European Billiards Parlors will
lio opened to the public THIS
EVENING. Four of the finest tables
in the oily. ,T. P. BOWEN.
NOTICE of REMOVAL.
JOHN NOTIMias removed his Stove,
Range, Agate and Tinware Depart
ment to No. 95 and 97 King street, near
Fort Btrect. The Work Shop will bo at
the old stand for tho present.
208 lw JOHN NOTT.
ALL parties wishing to erect Booths
or Sell Refreshments at Knpiolani
Park on June 11th must obtain permits
from W. M. GIFFARD,
200 lw Secretary K. P. A.
JO. CARTER, Esq , lias been given
full power of attorney and will
act for mc in all business matters during
my absence from this Kingdom.
J. W. LUNING.
Honolulu, June 3, 1881). 207 3t
Ctonmo Ciiiir !
A Delicious Summer Drink
Delivered at 60 and 75 cts per dozen.
Tahiti Lemonade Works
J. E. BROWN & Co.,
207 28 Merchant Street. lm
I Ith JUNE !
Races ! tRaces !"a Races !
THE Pantheon Stables
Busses will run to
Kapiolani Park on the 11th
of Juno. Leaving Messrs. J. E. Brown
& Co.'s office, at 7:80 k. m., and every
half hour after.
JPA-IXE, : BO CENTS.
Bar Tickets can he obtained at tho
Pantheon Stables or at Messrs. J. E.
Brown & Co. 2G7 Ot
Per S. S. Umatilla,
At The Beaver Saloon
If. J. NOLTJR, Proprietor.
THE DAILY BULLETIN-TUo
most popular paper published,
3 tv 31$ 'X ;n?
A i 4kM b i S&l.
VWJ.V.U Ul M'WWX.." r ...
Ati.lloii SateS l)jf M I UW
V. I 1. I .
Regular Cash Sale !
To-morrow, June 6th,
AT 10 O'CLOCK A. 31.,
At-my Salesrooms, corner of Fort and
Queen streets, I will sell at
Dry Goods, Clothing,
Crockery fc Glassware,
8ks Potatoes, Onions, Corn & Barley,
Xnl HALT kiA.H.TStOS,
Grocprlcs, Etc., Etc.,
Household Furniture !
1 Siunro Top Kufircy
And I PHAETON.
LEWIS J. LEVEY,
Auction Sales by James F. Morgan.
LAND AT AUCTION
On Saturday, June 8, 1889
At the auction room of Jas. P. Morgan,
Honolulu, Oahu, will bo sold to the
That Gertain Tract or Parcel of Land,
Situated at said Honolulu, Oahu, lying
at the north of tho premises belonging
to John I). Unit, Esq., and nt the west
of Mrs. Mario Ap.iil's premises, about 00
feet wide and about U0 feet in length;
and being the same premises conveyed
to Kcomoko by deed of Kawnalauki, rc
coulcd in Liber 10, page 235, a very
good land for homestead.
ESTFor further particulars inquire of
WILLIAM O. AOUI,
Attorney for thv Heirs of Kcomoko.
NOTICE is hereby given, that the
undersigned has distrained the
goods and chattels of Chung Lung,
Nuunnu street, for arrears of rent, and
that the said goods and chattels will be
sold at Public Auction, at tho Salesroi m
of Jas. F. Morgan, Honolulu, on SATUR
DAY, June 10th, at 10 o'clock a. m , to
satisfy said arroars of rent.
LIST OF articles:
1 roller, 1 cutter, 1 roller, 5 tools, 1 long
cutter, punches and chisels, 1 vise, 1 pipe
holder, 1 square, 3 anvils, 1 set mallets,
1 pipe cutter, 0 c.c. irons, 2 hammers, 1
wrench, 1 pair cutters, 3 tongs, 1 shovel,
1 crow bar, 0 dust pans, 20 dish pans, 4
Ucttle0, 4 dishes, IS kettles, 11 milk pans,
7 milk pans, G milk cans, 4 torches.
MR. LOUIS ADLER begs to inform
the public that he has received
an elegant assortment of Ladies and
Gent's Roots, Shoes and Slippers by the
last steamer. 248 tm
READ THIS !
WE take Photos for $5 per dozen,
and are helling line island viewt
for $2 CO per doze.i,
with tho verv best
12 Fort Etrect.
finish. J. A
GOOD Family Roard for a limited
number of gentlemen not exceed,
ing 0 persons. For particulars apply to
W. F. REYNOLDS,
254 tf At T. Q. Thrum's store.
A LADY desires to
obtain pupils in
xjl. Piano Playine.
She has an ex
tensive experience in teaching in
Europe, according to the best approved
" Terms Reasonable !
Sfiy Please send letters marked
" Piano," addressed to this olllce.
Butter & Cheese !
Just received per B. 8. Zealandia a
FRESH BUTTER & CHEESE I
This Butter has been carefully se
lected from tho
Choicest Taranaki Dairies
And will bo found to contain an
article of superior quality
FOR SALE IN QUANTITIES TO SOIT
LEWIS J. LEVEY,
Solo Agent for tho Taranaki Butter
200 Packing Company. lw
Tho Vlue Al Htcnmuhlp
"City of Peking,"
Of the Pacific Mail Steamship Com.
pany will bo due at Honolulu
from Ban Francisco ou
June 9; 1889,
And will leave for the nhove ports on
er about that date.
CSTEor freight or passage apply to
H. HACKFELD & Co.,
809 Bt Agents.
..... -. . ,.,., ..,
. S. Ct. X Jkl li A tfe..Zh
-BS SAFES ! SS-
Merclanls', Jewelers', Plantations Meta & Wall Safes,
DWELLING HOUSE SAFES,
Willi Mnrbletop and Pack Grained, imitation of any wood.
T. H. HOBRON,
CG Fort street, Honolulu, Agent for Hawaiian Islands.
The Finest Line of Millinery Goods !
Untrimmcd Hats for Misses' and Children,
Plowers, Tips, Hat Trimmings, Fancy Ribbons, Etc.,
Wire Hat Frames, Wire Bonnet Frames,
In nil Hie New Shades;
Silk Laces, Silk Nettings, Gauzes, All-over Silk Laces, New "Wash Mote
rials, in white, plain and ligured ; Roy's Shirt Waists,
Vino JLumb't Wool Underwear, Flannel CantH and Vests,
All-wool Overshirts, Etc., Etc., just received by the "Umatilla" by
CHAS. J. FBSHEL,
Tho Leading Millinery House, cor. Fort & Hotel sts.
88 & 80
Wholesale & Retail
P. EHIEBS & CO.
EUROPEAN and AMERICAN
Y and F
N. B. On and after May
of our Dressmaking Rooms.
UNION FEED CO,
-OFFER AT BED
California Hay, Oats, Bran,
Oil Cake Meal, Linseed Meal,
Barley, Rolled Barley,
Middling Ground Barley,
Wheat and Corn Flour.
FLOUR W3-Alla, Golden Gate & Salinas-a FLOUR
Telephones, No. 175.
New Zealand Jams I
JUST received a consignment of New
Zealand Jams, assorted cases. For
sale at low prices bv
J. E. BROWN & CO.,
227 U 28 Merchant street.
FOR SALE CHEAP
animal for a boy), and
Colt. Saddle, bridle,
etc.. thrown in to mnko
Apply at this oulce. 251 tf
A COTTAGE, corner Kinau
and Pcnsacola streets.
W. O. ATWATER,
Honolulu Iron Works.
STORE TO LET
THE Storo at present occu.
pled by E. O. Rowe,
"Wav's Block, King street, at
reasonable rental. Possession given Juno
1st, 1889. Apply to
158 tf J. G. ROTnWELL.
I7URNIBIIED Rooms to let,
; southwest corner of
Punchbowl and Jleretania
streets, would bo very convenient for n
small family. 255 0m
Jlfe A A HOUSE, with 3 largo nnd
VWWa J. 3 small rooms with kit
fEJESM chen and bathroom attached,
on Alakca street, oppositn
Wayne's. Apply to John Cook, on pre-
mlses, or at this oiucc.
Carriage For Sale Cheap.
-1 NEW Cutunder Car.
J. riago just finished
and handsomely trimmed
In first" class style must be immediately
sold to close an assignment, can he seen
at W. H. Pagu's carriage manufactury,
no, i2ts Fori street.
HAWAIIAN BUSINESS AQENOY.
Boots & Shoes.
O. B. SMITH, Asent.
15th, MISS CLARK will have chargo
Cor. Edinburgh & Queen Sts.
TELE 'Emerson Homestead,
beautifully situated in
Waialua, Oahu, II. I., com
prising a large house with 10 rooms,
Kitchen, pantry, barn, etc., 11 acres of
choice land now partly in taro and other
vegetables, and a rich pasture of 0
acres within half a mile. Pure water is
brought to the house and grounds from
never failing springs, tho supply of
which can bo indefinitely increased in
qunntlly. There is a good carriage road
to Honolulu, 28 miles distant, also to the
steam boat lauding, less than half a
mile distant, where steamers from the
city touch three times a week. The pic
turesquo scenery, fine climate and un.
rivalled water privilege make this a
most desirable placo for a country re
treat and sanitarium. Terras moderate
For further information apply to
J. A. J1AGOON,
257 tf Honolulu.
Desirable Cottage To Let
COTTAGE, corner King and
South streets, less thuu
10 minutes walk from Post
Olllce. Lofty rooms, all conveniences.
J. E. BROWN & CO.,
255 tf 28 Merchant street.
Stables & Pasturage To Let.
I EXCELLENT Stables con
It taining 13 Stalls, Cottago
and 7 acres Pasture Laud, on
South street, near King, formerly occu
pied by Mr. White, proprietor of the
Palama Bus. To let on very moderate
terms. Apply to
J. E. BROWN & CO.,
355 tf " 28 Merchant street.
BOATS FOR SALE.
WE have on hand ono 22
foot Whaleboat, with
iron centcr.board, mast, sail,
oarB, etc., complete; suitable
for fishing. Also, ono 75.1b. Ollnke'r
Pleasure bkiff, copper fastened, witli
oars and rowlocks; will be sold cheap
for cash. Both dew. Apply at
DOWER tt SON'S,
250 lm - Shop near tho Flih Market.
ers Shoe Go.
MmmSkmtsu 4U uk$l '